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Digestive System Diseases Commons

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Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, Matthew Kramer 2022 Kennesaw State University

Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, Matthew Kramer

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: An international healthcare concern is the persistent spread of Clostridium difficile, a Gram-positive spore forming bacterium that is responsible for the most common hospital-acquired infection, amongst patients.

Objective: A systematic review was performed to summarize evidence that the interventions utilized in healthcare facilities which indicate a patient’s precautionary status are insufficient, outdated, and commonly lead to infection in neighboring patient rooms. Databases such as PubMed, NCBI, Google Scholar, and APHA’s Medical Care were searched, covering the period from 2017-2022. Studies were included if their focus concentrated on C. diff and the precautionary measures taken by employees at healthcare …


The Effects Of A Low Fodmap Diet On People With Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Literature Review, Emily Stalder 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effects Of A Low Fodmap Diet On People With Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Literature Review, Emily Stalder

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a very common gastrointestinal disorder around the world. There is no known etiology or cure for the disorder, which leaves researchers to develop coping mechanisms for this prevalent issue. A high percentage (10%-15%) of the general population, mostly in Western, industrialized areas, suffer from IBS. A low FODMAP diet (LFD) is something that has been gaining a following over the past 20 years, which has led to research on its ability to minimize symptoms of IBS. The purpose of this literature review is to see what current research has to offer on the LFD’s ability …


Seeing The Big Picture: System Architecture Trends In Endoscopy And Led-Based Hyperspectral Subsystem Intergration, Craig M. Browning 2022 University of South Alabama

Seeing The Big Picture: System Architecture Trends In Endoscopy And Led-Based Hyperspectral Subsystem Intergration, Craig M. Browning

Theses and Dissertations

Early-stage colorectal lesions remain difficult to detect. Early development of neoplasia tends to be small (less than 10 mm) and flat and difficult to distinguish from surrounding mucosa. Additionally, optical diagnosis of neoplasia as benign or malignant is problematic. Low rates of detection of these lesions allow for continued growth in the colorectum and increased risk of cancer formation. Therefore, it is crucial to detect neoplasia and other non-neoplastic lesions to determine risk and guide future treatment. Technology for detection needs to enhance contrast of subtle tissue differences in the colorectum and track multiple biomarkers simultaneously. This work implements one …


Effects Of Chronic Cirrhosis Induced By Intraperitoneal Thioacetamide Injection On The Protein Content And Michaelis–Menten Kinetics Of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes In The Rat Liver Microsomes, Devaraj Venkatapura Chandrashekar, Barent N. DuBois, Mamunur Rashid, Reza Mehvar 2022 Chapman University

Effects Of Chronic Cirrhosis Induced By Intraperitoneal Thioacetamide Injection On The Protein Content And Michaelis–Menten Kinetics Of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes In The Rat Liver Microsomes, Devaraj Venkatapura Chandrashekar, Barent N. Dubois, Mamunur Rashid, Reza Mehvar

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Chronic intraperitoneal injection of thioacetamide (TAA) in rats has been used as an animal model of human cirrhosis to study the effects of the disease on drug metabolism. However, TAA inhibits P450 enzymes directly and independently of cirrhosis. We investigated the effects of chronic cirrhosis in rats, induced by 10 weeks of intraperitoneal TAA, on the P450 enzymes after a 10-day washout period to eliminate TAA. Liver histology and serum biomarkers of hepatic function confirmed cirrhosis in all animals. Microsomal total P450 content, P450 reductase activity and ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase activity, a general marker of P450 activity, were significantly reduced by …


Clinical And Biological Factors With Prognostic Value In Acute Pancreatitis, Mihai Faur, Dan Dumitrescu, Dan Sabau, Ciprian Tanasescu, Dan Cretu, Denisa Tanasescu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Calin Mohor 2022 SIBIU COUNTY EMERGENCY CLINICAL HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY, ROMANIA

Clinical And Biological Factors With Prognostic Value In Acute Pancreatitis, Mihai Faur, Dan Dumitrescu, Dan Sabau, Ciprian Tanasescu, Dan Cretu, Denisa Tanasescu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Calin Mohor

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammatory process of the pancreas, which can remain localized at the level of the gland or can extend to the peripancreatic and retroperitoneal tissues. The use and interpretation of paraclinical examinations at the onset can predict the form of evolution of acute pancreatitis (mild or severe). Depending on the evolution, these data are useful in determining the type of surgical intervention that might be necessary based on severity.

We present a retrospective study consisting of 118 patients diagnosed and hospitalized with acute pancreatitis during 2016-2020 in the Surgery I section of the Sibiu County Emergency …


Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Therapy, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Severus Gaspar, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Bogdan Socea, Vlad Denis Constantin 2022 ST. PANTELIMON HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY, RO.

Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Therapy, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Severus Gaspar, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Bogdan Socea, Vlad Denis Constantin

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

SARS-COV 2 recently caused a global pandemic, with the first case being reported in Romania in February 2020. Important restrictive measures were imposed, so that the addressability of patients to medical services decreased. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding had more severe forms of evolution at the time of presentation, which required additional methods of diagnosis and treatment. This is a retrospective study performed on 268 patients, which aims to evaluate the type and effectiveness of different treatment methods for upper gastrointestinal bleeding during the COVID 19 pandemic. Severity assessment was performed by measuring the Rockall score and additional methods of diagnosis. The …


Eating Disorders In Men: A Comprehensive Summary, Connor James Spratt, Liam Alexander MacKenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo 2022 SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY, PSYCHOLOGY AND LANGUAGE SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH, UK

Eating Disorders In Men: A Comprehensive Summary, Connor James Spratt, Liam Alexander Mackenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Eating disorders (EDs) have detrimental effects on an individual’s physical and mental health, along with significant interpersonal, social and economic effects. Furthermore, men who are suffering with an ED face unique challenges with this. Men suffering with EDs have historically received little attention within ED research, diagnosis and intervention. However, the number of men suffering with these issues is significant and growing. Understanding of EDs tend to ignore male experiences, meaning many are left to suffer in silence until the ED has developed to a critical point. However, many now recognize the need to understand the issues facing men suffering …


Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, Thomas Adam Wichelmann, Nhan Dang, David H. Kruchko, Sufyan Abdulmujeeb, Eli D. Ehrenpreis 2022 Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, Thomas Adam Wichelmann, Nhan Dang, David H. Kruchko, Sufyan Abdulmujeeb, Eli D. Ehrenpreis

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Falls have significant financial impact. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy is associated with an increased risk of falls and fractures. Exercise programs have been shown to decrease risk of falls in the elderly population and are recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force for patients over age 65 to reduce falls. Our study aimed to explore the potential financial benefit of implementing three different Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-recommended exercise-based interventions for fall prevention (Tai Chi, Stepping On, and Otago Exercise Program) in ≥ 65-year-old patients on PPI therapy.

Methods: A Markov model was developed to predict …


An Unexpected Case Of Herpes Simplex Virus Esophagitis Presenting Amidst Corticosteroid Therapy For An Acute Copd Exacerbation: A Case Report, Aqeel Khanani, Kayvan Mirhadi 2022 Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine

An Unexpected Case Of Herpes Simplex Virus Esophagitis Presenting Amidst Corticosteroid Therapy For An Acute Copd Exacerbation: A Case Report, Aqeel Khanani, Kayvan Mirhadi

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is prevalent worldwide, with a recent report by the World Health Organization estimating that 3.7 billion individuals under the age of 50 have been infected by the virus. After the initial infection, HSV-1 enters a latent phase with the potential for intermittent reactivation, often secondary to episodes of infection, stress, or immunosuppression. Per current literature review, esophageal involvement in the form of herpes simplex virus esophagitis (HSVE) is more commonly associated with immunocompromised patients, such as transplant recipients and HIV-positive individuals. The patient discussed in this report is a 79-year-old female with a past medical history …


The Role Of The Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 2 In Pancreatic Cancer: Mechanisms Of Tumor Immunosuppression And Intestinal Radioprotection, Carolina Garcia Garcia 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

The Role Of The Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 2 In Pancreatic Cancer: Mechanisms Of Tumor Immunosuppression And Intestinal Radioprotection, Carolina Garcia Garcia

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating disease with dismal prognosis. The only curative option for patients is surgery, but over 80% of patients are not surgical candidates. Unfortunately, PDAC is resistant to the three remaining options. PDAC is characterized by a profoundly hypoxic and immunosuppressive stroma, which contributes to its therapeutic recalcitrance. Alpha-smooth muscle actin+ (αSMA+) cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the most abundant stromal component, as well as mediators of stromal deposition. The hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF1 and HIF2) coordinate responses to hypoxia, yet, despite their known association to poor patient outcomes, their functions within the PDAC tumor microenvironment (TME) …


Utilizing Multimodal Communication Strategies To Improve Average Risk Women Veteran Patient Participation In Returning Colorectal Fecal Immunochemical Test Kits, Shuntae Hooten 2022 Jacksonville State University

Utilizing Multimodal Communication Strategies To Improve Average Risk Women Veteran Patient Participation In Returning Colorectal Fecal Immunochemical Test Kits, Shuntae Hooten

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Cancer is one of the most dreadful diseases present in today’s world. It is responsible for millions of deaths worldwide. The disease is debilitating to one’s physical and emotional well-being. Cancer impacts not only the affected individual but also those close to them. When colorectal cancer is identified early via preventive screenings, it has a greater chance of responding to treatment, therefore, increasing the chances of survival. The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) kit plays a pivotal role in the early detection of colon cancer. Schreuders et al. (2016) revealed that FIT kits have better adherence, usability, and accuracy, citing …


A Rare Case Of Acute Appendicitis In A 21-Year-Old Male With Midsternal Chest Pain, Muhammad Noman, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Andrew Caravello 2022 Rowan University

A Rare Case Of Acute Appendicitis In A 21-Year-Old Male With Midsternal Chest Pain, Muhammad Noman, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Andrew Caravello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Acute appendicitis is inflammation of the vestigial vermiform appendix. It is one of the leading causes of emergency department visits due to abdominal pain. The vermiform appendix is located at the base of cecum. The attachment does not change; however the tip may migrate to the retrocecal, subcecal, preileal, postileal and pelvic positions. Considering these normal anatomical positions, the pain presentation may vary in patients.

Even though this patient presented with midsternal chest pain, which was suspicious for GERD, it was crucial to perform a thorough head-to-toe exam to discover incidental findings that the patient did not report. In this …


A Case Report Of Suspected Choledocholithiasis 20 Years After Cholecystectomy, Maleeha Memon, Dhara Rana, Chandni Patel, Christine LeRoy, Bijal Sheth 2022 St. Joseph's University Medical Center

A Case Report Of Suspected Choledocholithiasis 20 Years After Cholecystectomy, Maleeha Memon, Dhara Rana, Chandni Patel, Christine Leroy, Bijal Sheth

Stratford Campus Research Day

Gallstones are a common prevalence in western societies where approximately 15% of Americans have gallstones. The mainstay treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is estimated approximately 650,000 to 700,000 cholecystectomies are performed every year. Most patients feel relief after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but a small number of patients experience post cholecystectomy syndrome, which presents as biliary colic pain. Although the pathophysiology of the post cholecystectomy syndrome is unclear, one theory proposes that it is due to the alteration in bile flow after the removal of the gallbladder, which serves as a reservoir for bile. This bile is thought …


Case Report: Epigastric Abdominal Pain From Beverage Ingestion Of Freshly Squeezed Juice Of The Hardy Orange Flying Dragon Plant (Poncirus Trifoliata), James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, David Ho 2022 Rowan University

Case Report: Epigastric Abdominal Pain From Beverage Ingestion Of Freshly Squeezed Juice Of The Hardy Orange Flying Dragon Plant (Poncirus Trifoliata), James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, David Ho

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report the case of a 25 year old male who presented to the ED with epigastric abdominal pain after ingesting a freshly squeezed beverage form of Flying Dragon Hardy Orange plant (Poncirus trifoliata). Poison control was contacted and recommended symptomatic treatment only. The patient’s pain resolved while in the emergency department. Seed and rind preparations have been used as an herbal remedy in East Asia. Freshly squeezed Poncirus trifoliata can cause significant abdominal pain.


Sigirr Variants Identified In Nec Infants Exaggerate Toll-Like Receptor Mediated Inflammation, Jennie Godwin 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Sigirr Variants Identified In Nec Infants Exaggerate Toll-Like Receptor Mediated Inflammation, Jennie Godwin

Research Days

Background: A key event underlying uncontrolled inflammation in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is pathologic activation of Toll-like receptors (TLR). TLR4 recognizes lipopolysaccharide (LPS), from Gramnegative bacteria, and TLR2 peptidoglycans (PAM3Csyk4, PAM), from Gram-positive bacteria. TLR4 and TLR2 signaling events induce an inflammatory cascade through NF-kB, a cytokine inducing transcription factor. Single-immunoglobulin interleukin-1-related receptor (SIGIRR) is a major negative regulator of TLR-mediated NF-kB activation. Previous work from our lab suggests that loss of function in SIGIRR may predispose to NEC. Our lab has identified four variants in NEC patients predicted to alter function of SIGIRR. We hypothesized that identified SIGIRR variants will …


Etracellular Vesicles From Lactobacillus Rhamnosus Gg Protect Against Alcohol-Induced Liver Injury Through Suppression Of Intestinal Mir 194 And Subsequent Activation Of Fxr In Mice., Mengwei Jiang 2022 University of Louisville

Etracellular Vesicles From Lactobacillus Rhamnosus Gg Protect Against Alcohol-Induced Liver Injury Through Suppression Of Intestinal Mir 194 And Subsequent Activation Of Fxr In Mice., Mengwei Jiang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Numerous studies have reported the efficacy of probiotics for alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD). These studies indicate a strong interest among the scientific and medical communities in identifying alternative or adjunctive approaches for ALD, for which there is no effective or widely accepted therapeutic option. However, in-depth molecular knowledge on how probiotics render their effects is lacking. Patients with ALD often have increased hepatic bile acids (BAs), which can be toxic and are an important causative factor in liver injury and hepatocyte death. BAs are released into the intestines and serve not only as a “detergent” to promote fat absorption, but …


Metastasis-Induced Acute Pancreatitis Secondary To Small Cell Lung Carcinoma: A Case Report, George Trad, Nazanin Sheikhan, Andrew Nguyen, Jason Ma, Jordan Valenta, Homayon Iraninezhad 2022 MountainView Medical Center

Metastasis-Induced Acute Pancreatitis Secondary To Small Cell Lung Carcinoma: A Case Report, George Trad, Nazanin Sheikhan, Andrew Nguyen, Jason Ma, Jordan Valenta, Homayon Iraninezhad

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Metastasis-induced acute pancreatitis (MIAP) is a condition that occurs when patients develop acute pancreatitis secondary to metastatic malignancy. Most pancreatic cancers are adenocarcinomas that are primary malignancies. On the other hand, metastatic pancreatic lesions are rare, especially from primary pulmonary malignancies. Acute pancreatitis caused by metastatic carcinoma of the pancreas is a very rare presentation. Herein, we present the case of a 63-year-old male with a history of small-cell lung carcinoma presenting to the hospital due to recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis who was found to have metastatic pancreatic carcinoma. The patient was treated conservatively for his recurrent acute pancreatitis, …


Protocol For A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial Of Secondary Distribution Of Hepatitis C Self-Testing Within The Context Of A House-To-House Hepatitis C Micro-Elimination Programme In Karachi, Pakistan, Sonjelle Shilton, Dania Ali, Alyia Hasnain, Adeel Abid, Jessica Markby, Muhammad S. Jamil, Niklas Luhmann, Pamela Nabeta, Stefano Ongarello, Saeed Hamid 2022 FIND, Campus Biotech

Protocol For A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial Of Secondary Distribution Of Hepatitis C Self-Testing Within The Context Of A House-To-House Hepatitis C Micro-Elimination Programme In Karachi, Pakistan, Sonjelle Shilton, Dania Ali, Alyia Hasnain, Adeel Abid, Jessica Markby, Muhammad S. Jamil, Niklas Luhmann, Pamela Nabeta, Stefano Ongarello, Saeed Hamid

Medical College Documents

Background: Globally, just 21% of the estimated 58 million people living with hepatitis C virus (HCV) know their status. Thus, there is considerable need to scale-up HCV testing if the World Health Organization (WHO) 2030 hepatitis elimination goals are to be achieved. HCV self-testing may assist with this; however, there are currently no data on the real-world impact of HCV self-testing. With an estimated 5% of the general population living with HCV, Pakistan has the second highest HCV burden in the world. This study aims to evaluate the acceptability and impact of home delivery of HCV self-testing for secondary distribution …


Severe Mixed Mitral Valve Disease Due To Massive Mitral Annular Calcification: A Case Report And Literature Review, Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Sheema Saadia 2022 Aga Khan University

Severe Mixed Mitral Valve Disease Due To Massive Mitral Annular Calcification: A Case Report And Literature Review, Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Sheema Saadia

Section of Cardiology

We present an unusual case of massive mitral annular calcification (MAC) leading to severe mixed mitral valve disease, viz severe mitral regurgitation and severe mitral stenosis. To our knowledge, severe mixed mitral valve disease secondary to MAC is extremely rare. The patient (a 65-year-old lady) presented with worsening shortness of breath and signs of congestive heart failure. Echocardiographic examination revealed massive mitral annular calcification. Despite the massive annular calcification, she had experienced neither embolism nor endocarditis in the past. Because of severe symptomatic mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis, surgery was advised; however, the patient declined it.


Gallstone Ileus: A Case Report, Jarrett Koper, Liz Bowers, Jonathan Leggett 2022 HCA Healthcare

Gallstone Ileus: A Case Report, Jarrett Koper, Liz Bowers, Jonathan Leggett

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2022

No abstract provided.


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