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Assessing Post-Operative Complications In Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Nina Brahmbhatt, Andrew Stefan MD, Bianca Siegel MD 2024 DMC

Assessing Post-Operative Complications In Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Nina Brahmbhatt, Andrew Stefan Md, Bianca Siegel Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Cochlear implantation (CI) surgery is the standard of care treatment for pediatric patients diagnosed with severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss. There is compelling evidence that supports the use of CIs to improve hearing, language comprehension, and speech development significantly in children of all ages. While the operation is considered relatively safe, invasive procedures involving the skull can put patients at risk of adverse events.

This study aims to help pediatric otolaryngologists identify high risk patients and take preventative measures to ensure minimal complications.

The specific objectives include the following:

1) To determine the incidence of postoperative complications in pediatric patients undergoing …


Sociodemographic Factors Influencing Pandemic-Era Ehdi Use And Access, Nicole Perez, David Adkins, Marissa Schuh, Jennifer B. Shinn, Lori Travis, Matthew L. Bush 2023 University of Kentucky

Sociodemographic Factors Influencing Pandemic-Era Ehdi Use And Access, Nicole Perez, David Adkins, Marissa Schuh, Jennifer B. Shinn, Lori Travis, Matthew L. Bush

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic impact on Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) programs is unknown. This research evaluated sociodemographic factors influencing adherence to EDHI diagnostic testing and the incidence of infant hearing loss during the pandemic.

Method: We evaluated EHDI adherence and incidence of hearing loss in Kentucky before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using univariate and multivariate analysis, we evaluated the association of these outcomes to sociodemographic variables.

Results: There were 71,206 births and 1,385 referred infant hearing screening tests during the study period. Infants during the pandemic had a 24% lower odds of hearing testing adherence (OR …


Rhino-Cerebral Aspergillosis In An Immunocompetent Patient, Jisun Won, Carolina Severiche Mena, Joseph Glowacki, Dimple Patel 2023 Abington Memorial Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine

Rhino-Cerebral Aspergillosis In An Immunocompetent Patient, Jisun Won, Carolina Severiche Mena, Joseph Glowacki, Dimple Patel

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Rhino-cerebral aspergillosis is a rare phenomenon describing a contiguous spread of Aspergillus species from the paranasal sinuses to the intracranial space. In this case report, we describe a case of invasive rhino-cerebral aspergillosis arising in the setting of prolonged intranasal steroid use in an 81-year-old patient with chronic sinusitis. This case report emphasizes the importance of recognizing steroid use as a risk factor for invasive aspergillosis in otherwise immunocompetent individuals.


Implementation Of A Vestibular Disorder Screening Tool In An Urgent Care, Kathleen A. Probst 2023 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Implementation Of A Vestibular Disorder Screening Tool In An Urgent Care, Kathleen A. Probst

Dissertations

Implementation of a Vestibular Disorder Screening Tool in an Urgent Care

Kathleen A. Probst

M.S.N., University of Missouri-Columbia, 2007

B.S.N., University of Missouri-Columbia, 2004

A Dissertation Submitted to The Graduate School at the University of Missouri-St. Louis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree

Doctor of Nursing Practice

August 2023

Advisory Committee

Susan Dean-Baar, PhD, RN, CENP, FAAN

Chairperson

Jennifer Vines, DNP, MSN, RN

Troy Dinkel, MD

Copyright, Kathleen A. Probst, 2023

Abstract

Problem: Vestibular disorders disrupt everyday living and can cause reduced quality of life. Guidelines developed to screen for vestibular disorders are not efficient to use …


Ludwig’S Angina And Treatment Considerations In The Covid-19 Pandemic, Kevyn Niu, Hossein Tohidi, Hibah Khan, Paul Kitsis 2023 HCA Florida Blake Hospital

Ludwig’S Angina And Treatment Considerations In The Covid-19 Pandemic, Kevyn Niu, Hossein Tohidi, Hibah Khan, Paul Kitsis

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Ludwig’s angina is a type of severe cellulitis that spreads rapidly and carries a significant risk of airway compromise. Previous complications with COVID-19 are poorly described within the literature.

Case Presentation

This case report describes the complication of COVID-19 infection with suspected Ludwig’s angina 2 days after admission, resulting in awake fibroscopic endotracheal intubation. Emergent treatment and establishing a secure airway are paramount in these cases. We discuss the role of antibiotics and adjunct treatment in these cases of potential airway compromise.

Conclusion

Limited data demonstrate simultaneous infection of COVID-19 with these types of submandibular soft tissue infections in …


Implementing A Hearing Screening Readiness Assessment Tool For Preterm And Term Neonates In The Newborn Intensive Care Unit: A Pilot Project, McKenzie Blatt, Adrienne Johnson, Jennifer L. Hamilton, Carly Alston, Belinda Chan 2023 University of Utah

Implementing A Hearing Screening Readiness Assessment Tool For Preterm And Term Neonates In The Newborn Intensive Care Unit: A Pilot Project, Mckenzie Blatt, Adrienne Johnson, Jennifer L. Hamilton, Carly Alston, Belinda Chan

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Newborn intensive care unit (NICU) patients are at risk for hearing loss. Early detection mitigates consequences of speech and language delay. The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) recommends hearing screening (HS) on all infants by 1 month of age. Often hearing screening is performed around the time of NICU discharge, often beyond JCIH recommendations. Automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) screening can be performed once an infant reaches 32 to 34 weeks corrected gestational age (GA). Our project aimed to reduce HS delay among NICU infants. We created and implemented a HS assessment tool defining gestational age and medical stability …


Case Report: Vocal Cord Paralysis In The Ed, Richard Baluyot, Russell Mordecai, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2023 Rowan University

Case Report: Vocal Cord Paralysis In The Ed, Richard Baluyot, Russell Mordecai, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Stratford Campus Research Day

The incident rate of vocal cord paralysis varies greatly depending on the cause of paralysis as well as if it's unilateral or bilateral, for this poster we will be focusing on unilateral paralysis. From 1985 to 1995 cancer was the primary cause for vocal cord paralysis, however this shifted to primarily iatrogenic surgical injury from 1996 to 2005. In another study it was found that idiopathic paralysis and tumors to both be the primary cause (31.11% respectively), with surgery consisting of 28.89%, and trauma, brain problems, systemic disease and other causes being 2.2%.


Hearing, Cognitive Decline, And The Value Of Hearing Interventions, Lisa M. Price, Jennifer Ren, Victoria Wong Murray, Dylan Trawinski, Ethan Zerpa-Blanco, Sheam Jahan 2023 Rowan University

Hearing, Cognitive Decline, And The Value Of Hearing Interventions, Lisa M. Price, Jennifer Ren, Victoria Wong Murray, Dylan Trawinski, Ethan Zerpa-Blanco, Sheam Jahan

Stratford Campus Research Day

The term “dementia” includes a wide array of diseases. Millions of Americans are affected by these diseases, especially with aging. Its prevalence makes dementia a candidate for exploratory research in understanding its various etiologies and cause-effect relationships in hopes of developing treatment. Numerous studies have been conducted in an attempt to discern whether a causal relationship exists between hearing loss and dementia, as hearing loss frequently precedes dementia. Some publications have reported a correlation between hearing loss treatment and a decreased dementia incidence rate. This review seeks to investigate the associations between hearing loss and dementia, the efficacy of hearing …


Addressing The Health Needs Of The (D/D)Eaf And Hard Of Hearing Community, Zainab Krayem, Rachel Jeff-Macauley, Nicolette Falco, Vanesa Pizutelli 2023 Rowan University

Addressing The Health Needs Of The (D/D)Eaf And Hard Of Hearing Community, Zainab Krayem, Rachel Jeff-Macauley, Nicolette Falco, Vanesa Pizutelli

Stratford Campus Research Day

Merriam-Webster’s dictionary defines deaf to describe an individual who has total or partial hearing loss. However, the term carries much more weight as it breeds its own culture, Deaf culture, to be exact. There’s an emphasis placed on the spelling where deaf, spelled with a lowercase d, refers to individuals who are born deaf and grew up within this deaf culture. Whereas, members who identify as Deaf with a capital D have lost their hearing later on in life, and did not necessarily grow up within deaf culture. There is often a discrepancy whereby members who identify as d/Deaf or …


Direct Transnasal Dural Suturing After Endoscopic Hypophysectomy: Promising Outcomes, Ahmed Abdelwahab, Abdelwahab Rakha, Mohammed Abdelwab, Yasser Khfagy, Hossam Elsisi 2023 Departments of Neurosurgery

Direct Transnasal Dural Suturing After Endoscopic Hypophysectomy: Promising Outcomes, Ahmed Abdelwahab, Abdelwahab Rakha, Mohammed Abdelwab, Yasser Khfagy, Hossam Elsisi

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery is the gold standard method for surgical management of pituitary adenomas; yet the troublesome issue is the potential of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak with possible persistent leak and meningitis. Sellar reconstruction is a prerequisite to prevent postoperative CSF leak. Watertight dural stitching is a reliable method of closure of intraoperative defects, but this was always challenging due to the narrow and deep operative field and the need of special designs of surgical instruments. We present a simple, easy to use direct dural suture with no need to additional surgical instrument for closure of dural tear …


Modified Posterior Nasal Nerve Neurectomy With Inferior Turbinoplasty, As A Treatment For Intractable Rhinitis Syndrome: A Long-Term Effect Prospective Cohort Study, Ahmed S. El Sayed Eid Saleh, Hossam M. Kamal Aly Rabie, Tarek A.H. Hamdy 2023 Department of OtoRhinoLaryngology, Banha University, Banha

Modified Posterior Nasal Nerve Neurectomy With Inferior Turbinoplasty, As A Treatment For Intractable Rhinitis Syndrome: A Long-Term Effect Prospective Cohort Study, Ahmed S. El Sayed Eid Saleh, Hossam M. Kamal Aly Rabie, Tarek A.H. Hamdy

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Allergic and vasomotor rhinitis are a well-known medical entities affecting a huge population. In most cases, medical therapy helps these people. However, sometimes these treatments are often ineffective. The surgical treatment of intractable rhinitis had been introduced a long time ago, starting from vidian nerve neurectomy to a recently introduced more simple and safe procedure [endoscopic posterior nasal nerve (PNN) neurectomy]. This study combined two valid and widely used surgical procedures for intractable rhinitis surgical management, that is, modified PNN neurectomy and inferior turbinoplasty (IT), aiming to ensure long-term results. Patients and methods A total of 30 adult patients …


Dilemma Of Prolonged Post- Covid 19 Anosmia Treatment, AbdElHakeem Mahmoud Ali Ragaee 2023 Department(s) and institution(s) otorhinolaryngology depertment, faculty of medicine, Assiut university

Dilemma Of Prolonged Post- Covid 19 Anosmia Treatment, Abdelhakeem Mahmoud Ali Ragaee

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Context: Anosmia is one of the pathognomonic neurological symptoms of COVID-19 since its begging at the end of 2019. Many patients suffered persistently for prolonged time after infected with this virus. Aims: The aim of this study was to recognise the predisposing factors, to identify possible treatment regimens and to assess the prognosis of prolonged post- COVID-19 anosmia. Settings and Design: retrospective observational study

Methods and Material: study conducted among patients with post COVID-19 anosmia. Thirty-four patients sought medical advice for having prolonged post-COVID-19 anosmia between the period of August 2020 and October 2021 and assessed for predisposing factors. They …


Benefits Of Vitamin D Supplementation After Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery For Recurrent Nasal Polyposis, Mohammad A. Al-Morsy, Marawan A. Ibrahim 2023 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, El-Hussein University Hospital, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Benefits Of Vitamin D Supplementation After Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery For Recurrent Nasal Polyposis, Mohammad A. Al-Morsy, Marawan A. Ibrahim

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Nasal polyps as a type of nasal masses usually present with nasal obstruction and smell disorders. There is high recurrence following sinus surgery, which motivated us to study the role of cholecalciferol in preventing recurrence of sinonasal polyposis after endoscopic excision of these polyps. Objective The aim of the work was to study the clinical and radiological outcomes of oral cholecalciferol supplementation after functional endoscopic sinus surgery for recurrent nasal polyposis. Patients and methods A total of 62 patients with recurrent sinonasal polyposis were included in our study during the period from January 2019 to May 2022. The patients …


Effect Of Tonsillectomy On Humoral Immunity In Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Below The Age Of 3 Years, Ayman A. Mohamdy, Mohammed F. , Shendy, Nahed F. Khater, Mostafa Gomaa Sobhy 2023 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt

Effect Of Tonsillectomy On Humoral Immunity In Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Below The Age Of 3 Years, Ayman A. Mohamdy, Mohammed F. , Shendy, Nahed F. Khater, Mostafa Gomaa Sobhy

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background

Tonsils are one of the most significant secondary lymphoid organs in immune system. They contain B and T lymphocytes. B cells produce all five classes of immunoglobulins. The tonsillectomy’s effect on the immune system is still up for debate.

Objective

The study was done to observe the effect of tonsillectomy on humoral immunity parameters (IgA, IgM, and IgG) in children with obstructive sleep apnea before and after tonsillectomy.

Patients and methods

A total of 60 patients who were scheduled for tonsillectomy because of obstructive sleep apnea, with ages below 3 years, and diagnosed by clinical findings of adenotonsillar hypertrophy …


Acute-Phase Reactants Association With Smell Disorders In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Infected Patients, Ahmed A. Nassar, Ahmad M. Eltelety 2023 Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Acute-Phase Reactants Association With Smell Disorders In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Infected Patients, Ahmed A. Nassar, Ahmad M. Eltelety

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Objective Olfaction is a complex sensory process that has not been fully investigated. In this study, we aimed at investigating whether there is an association between acute-phase reactants [C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and serum ferritin] and the presence of smell disorders in coronavirus disease 2019-infected patients. Patients and methods A prospective study was conducted on 61 patients presented to the Otolaryngology Department with a confirmed diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 based on the real-time reverse transcription PCR between July 2020 and February 2021. Participants in this study were divided into two groups: group A …


Aberrant Expression Of Soluble Programmed Death-Ligand 1 And Inducible Costimulator Ligand In Patients With Nasal Polyps, Mohamed M. Osmana, Omnia H.B. El-Badaway, Asmaa M. Zahran, Mohamed A.M. Salem, Ahmed G. Abdelraheemd 2023 Departments of Otorhinolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery

Aberrant Expression Of Soluble Programmed Death-Ligand 1 And Inducible Costimulator Ligand In Patients With Nasal Polyps, Mohamed M. Osmana, Omnia H.B. El-Badaway, Asmaa M. Zahran, Mohamed A.M. Salem, Ahmed G. Abdelraheemd

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Aim We aimed to measure the levels of soluble programmed death-ligand 1 (sPD-L1) and soluble inducible costimulator ligand (sICOS-L) in patients with nasal polyps and to compare their levels between a group with allergic rhinitis (AR) with nasal polyps and another with allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS). The study also aimed to assess the relationship between their levels and disease severity. Patients and methods The study included 35 patients admitted for endoscopic sinus surgery for nasal polyps, who were divided into 17 with AR and 18 with AFRS and 20 controls. Radiologic computed tomography (CT) score of Lund-Mackay was used to …


Outcomes Of Middle Turbinate-Septal Adhesion Technique And Trans-Septal Middle Turbinate Suture Technique To Prevent Middle Turbinate Lateralization: A Comparative Study, Muaid I. Aziz Baban, Hiwa A. Rawandizi, Hozan F. Ali, Sahar J. Hadi, Shkar N. Mohammed 2023 Unit of Otorhinolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Sulaimani, College of Medicine, Sulaymaniyah Teaching Hospital, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Outcomes Of Middle Turbinate-Septal Adhesion Technique And Trans-Septal Middle Turbinate Suture Technique To Prevent Middle Turbinate Lateralization: A Comparative Study, Muaid I. Aziz Baban, Hiwa A. Rawandizi, Hozan F. Ali, Sahar J. Hadi, Shkar N. Mohammed

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Middle turbinate lateralization (MTL) is the most common undesirable sequela after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), which can result in recurrent sinusitis. Objectives To examine the efficacy and outcomes of different techniques to prevent failure of the primary surgery. Patients and methods Eighty patients who presented with chronic rhinosinusitis listed for FESS were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided randomly into two groups, with 40 patients each. In group A, middle turbinate (MT) was stabilized by adhesion technique, and in group B, MT was stabilized via suture technique. A comparison of the effectiveness and the outcomes of both …


Anosmia And/Or Ageusia In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Infected Patients: Role Of Early Corticosteroids And Timeline, Naslshah G. Kazema, Emad R.H. Issakb 2023 Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha

Anosmia And/Or Ageusia In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Infected Patients: Role Of Early Corticosteroids And Timeline, Naslshah G. Kazema, Emad R.H. Issakb

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Aim An increasing number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases have started to experience unusual symptoms to the virus such as olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions. The study aimed to compare the effects of early corticosteroids (CS) administration versus no administration in the time-to-recovery from olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19. Patients and methods This comparative, nonrandomized study has been conducted at Benha University Hospital and another Primary Health Center in Cairo, Egypt, from January 2021 to June 2021. A total of 83 patients who have met the inclusion criteria were assigned into two groups: early-CS group (41 cases) and no-CS group (42 …


Editorial, Reda Kamela, Ahmed El-Faroukb 2023 Pan Arab Rhinology Society

Editorial, Reda Kamela, Ahmed El-Faroukb

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

No abstract provided.


Chronic Qat Chewing Effects On Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, And Laryngopharynx, Ahmed Mahmoud El Batawi, Ahmad M. Eltelety, Mohamed Abd Elmottaleb Sabaa 2023 ENT Department – Cairo University – Egypt

Chronic Qat Chewing Effects On Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, And Laryngopharynx, Ahmed Mahmoud El Batawi, Ahmad M. Eltelety, Mohamed Abd Elmottaleb Sabaa

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Qat (also known as Khat, Kat, Miraa) is a green plant Catha edulis planted mainly in East and South Africa, and The Arabian Peninsula. It is widely and traditionally consumed by people in some regions. It has general effects on different systems such as cardiovascular and nervous system. Local effects were mainly described in the oral cavity such as periodontitis and white keratotic lesions. Scarce studies proved its relationship with cancer development. To date, there is a literature gap in reporting other local manifestations. In this study, the authors discuss additional local manifestations noted with chronic qat chewing. Aim …


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