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Lysosomal Zn 2+ Release Triggers Rapid, Mitochondria-Mediated, Non-Apoptotic Cell Death In Metastatic Melanoma, Wanlu Du, Mingxue Gu, Meiqin Hu, Timothy Nold, Prateeksunder Pinchi, Wei Chen, Michael Ryan, Ahmed Bannaga, Haoxing Xu 2022 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Lysosomal Zn 2+ Release Triggers Rapid, Mitochondria-Mediated, Non-Apoptotic Cell Death In Metastatic Melanoma, Wanlu Du, Mingxue Gu, Meiqin Hu, Timothy Nold, Prateeksunder Pinchi, Wei Chen, Michael Ryan, Ahmed Bannaga, Haoxing Xu

Medical Student Research Symposium

During tumor progression, lysosome function is often maladaptively upregulated to match the high energy demand required for cancer cell hyper-proliferation and invasion. Here, we report that mucolipin TRP channel 1 (TRPML1), a lysosomal Ca2+ and Zn2+ release channel that regulates multiple aspects of lysosome function, is dramatically upregulated in metastatic melanoma cells compared with normal cells. TRPML-specific synthetic agonists (ML-SAs) are sufficient to induce rapid (within hours) lysosomal Zn2+-dependent necrotic cell death in metastatic melanoma cells while completely sparing normal cells. ML-SA-caused mitochondria swelling and dysfunction lead to cellular ATP depletion. While pharmacological inhibition or genetic silencing of TRPML1 ...


A Rare Presentation Of Pericardial Tumor Presenting As Chronic Cough, Swarup Sharma Rijal, William H. Risher, Aakankshya Kharel, Upendra Kaphle 2022 Tower Health

A Rare Presentation Of Pericardial Tumor Presenting As Chronic Cough, Swarup Sharma Rijal, William H. Risher, Aakankshya Kharel, Upendra Kaphle

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Chronic cough can pose various diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas to physicians. Airway narrowing secondary to endoluminal disease or extrinsic compression are known etiologies of chronic cough. We report an extremely rare case of chronic cough due to extrinsic airway compression by a large pericardial lipoma with subsequent resolution of symptoms after the resection of the mass. This case provides insight into the rare etiology of chronic cough that is addressable with surgical intervention.


Enriching The Perioperative Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (Eras) Program For Patients Undergoing Whipple Procedure For Pancreatic Cancer, Natalie E. Fisher 2022 University of San Diego

Enriching The Perioperative Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (Eras) Program For Patients Undergoing Whipple Procedure For Pancreatic Cancer, Natalie E. Fisher

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most complex and lethal diseases worldwide with surgical resection as a major treatment choice. Although surgery may be one of the only options for advanced pancreatic cancer, it is not without a lengthy hospital stay, a long list of possible postoperative complications, and an increased risk for readmission after discharge. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs have been implemented for years in other surgical services for cancer care. These programs have now been extended and researched to include patients undergoing surgery for pancreatic cancer. These programs are designed to assist patients and their families ...


Feasibility And Effectiveness Of A Prehabilitation Program Prior To Breast Cancer Surgery: A Critically Appraised Topic, Emma Choi, Alissa Lee, Kayla Woods, Morgan Mills, Carol Houston 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Feasibility And Effectiveness Of A Prehabilitation Program Prior To Breast Cancer Surgery: A Critically Appraised Topic, Emma Choi, Alissa Lee, Kayla Woods, Morgan Mills, Carol Houston

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of our project is to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a prehabilitation (prehab) program for patients undergoing breast cancer surgery as compared to only receiving post-surgical rehabilitation. Our clinical mentor has recently obtained certification as a lymphedema specialist and is assisting with the opening of an outpatient mastectomy clinic through the Methodist University systems. Through our research process, we critically appraised two Level II articles, two Level III articles, and one Level IV article. Positive outcomes related to the feasibility were identified, however there is limited significant evidence supporting the effectiveness of the intervention. We recommend using ...


Memory T Cell Populations In Human Leukemia, Sara McElroy 2022 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Memory T Cell Populations In Human Leukemia, Sara Mcelroy

Research Days

Background: Incorporating the immune system into cancer management is an area of robust research. Treatment modalities aimed at activating cytotoxic T cells against malignancies include immune checkpoint inhibitors, bispecific T-cell engagers, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) tumor-specific T cells. Most anti-cancer T cell research is narrowly focused, but knowledge about the nature of diverse sub-populations of T cells in cancer, particularly memory T cells, is vital prior to potential incorporation into therapies. T memory stem cells (Tscm) are of interest due to their longevity and powerful abilities of self-renewal and creating the full spectrum of memory CD8+ T cells, including ...


Lgbtq+ Health Disparities: Healthcare Intervention, Kara Steinbrecher 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Lgbtq+ Health Disparities: Healthcare Intervention, Kara Steinbrecher

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) community has carried the burden of countless health disparities throughout its history tied to discrimination, bias, prejudice, and stigma. LGBTQ+ individuals are disproportionately at higher risk for substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, cardiovascular disease, mental illness, suicide, and unequal access to healthcare, related to social stigma and bias that exists in healthcare itself. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to analyze existing health disparities among the LGBTQ+ population in the United States and the efficacy of various interventions of health care professionals to reduce them. Twenty-one articles from multiple online ...


Metastasis-Induced Acute Pancreatitis Secondary To Small Cell Lung Carcinoma: A Case Report, George Trad, Nazanin Sheikhan, Andrew Nguyen, Jason Ma, Jordan Valenta, Homayon Iraninezhad 2022 MountainView Medical Center

Metastasis-Induced Acute Pancreatitis Secondary To Small Cell Lung Carcinoma: A Case Report, George Trad, Nazanin Sheikhan, Andrew Nguyen, Jason Ma, Jordan Valenta, Homayon Iraninezhad

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Metastasis-induced acute pancreatitis (MIAP) is a condition that occurs when patients develop acute pancreatitis secondary to metastatic malignancy. Most pancreatic cancers are adenocarcinomas that are primary malignancies. On the other hand, metastatic pancreatic lesions are rare, especially from primary pulmonary malignancies. Acute pancreatitis caused by metastatic carcinoma of the pancreas is a very rare presentation. Herein, we present the case of a 63-year-old male with a history of small-cell lung carcinoma presenting to the hospital due to recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis who was found to have metastatic pancreatic carcinoma. The patient was treated conservatively for his recurrent acute pancreatitis ...


Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening Adherence: A Scoping Review, Megan E. Billingsley BSN, RN, Tiameria T. Ford BSN, RN, Mikayla E. Vican BSN, RN, Diana Dedmon DNP, APRN, FNP-BC 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening Adherence: A Scoping Review, Megan E. Billingsley Bsn, Rn, Tiameria T. Ford Bsn, Rn, Mikayla E. Vican Bsn, Rn, Diana Dedmon Dnp, Aprn, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Rates have steadily increased in recent years due to high rates of obesity, smoking, and sedentary lifestyles. Screening for the disease can lead to early detection and reduced morbidity/mortality, yet screening rates remain low. Existing literature is extensive in discussing methods to increase CRCS adherence; therefore, a scoping review allows for increased understanding of barriers to CRCS and how to address those barriers to increase screening compliance.

Methods A literature search was completed from September 2020 to October 2021. Multiple databases were ...


Indispensable Role Of Immunophenotyping In Diagnosing Leukemic Phase Of Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm Without Cutaneous Manifestation, Hareem Alam, Nabiha Saeed, Anila Rashid 2022 Aga Khan University

Indispensable Role Of Immunophenotyping In Diagnosing Leukemic Phase Of Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm Without Cutaneous Manifestation, Hareem Alam, Nabiha Saeed, Anila Rashid

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm usually presents as skin lesions. Diagnostic error occurs when it primarily presents in leukemic phase without skin involvement. Triad of CD4, CD56 and CD123 immunophenotype expression is essential to avoid misdiagnosis of this rare hematological malignancy. Here we describe a patient who presented in overt leukemic phase of BPDCN highlighting diagnostic challenges encountered that resulted in delayed diagnosis and poor outcome


Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of An On-Site Referral System To Increase Mammography Screening Compliance: Scoping Review, Piper Black, Elizabeth R. Upchurch, Ravina Patel, Vicki Chandler DNP, APRN, FNP-BC 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of An On-Site Referral System To Increase Mammography Screening Compliance: Scoping Review, Piper Black, Elizabeth R. Upchurch, Ravina Patel, Vicki Chandler Dnp, Aprn, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background Early detection of breast cancer through routine mammography screenings has increased the 5-year survival rate to 99% for women with cancer in the localized stage (American Cancer Society, 2021). However, this survival rate is lessened amongst women in the rural population (Leung et al., 2014). This scoping review investigates health disparities to identify interventions that improve mammography rates for women residing in rural areas.

Methods A scoping review was performed using an exclusive search for peer-reviewed mammography and rural health sources. Search phrases included were, ('Mammogram screening in rural areas'), ('Health care disparities in rural areas'), ('Secondary prevention ...


Investigation Of Oncogenic Ras And Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondria Calcium Flux And Their Relationship In The Context Of Tumorigenesis, Emma Anderson 2022 Liberty University

Investigation Of Oncogenic Ras And Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondria Calcium Flux And Their Relationship In The Context Of Tumorigenesis, Emma Anderson

Senior Honors Theses

Intracellular calcium as a signaling molecule is a pervasive feature of cellular pathways, especially those that manage internal homeostasis and transitions through the cell cycle, so much so that regulated, responsive calcium flux between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the mitochondria has been suggested to play a major role in cancer development. Another factor commonly implicated in tumorigenesis is RAS, an oncogene that controls signaling for many pathways that are also regulated by calcium. While both calcium and oncogenic RAS signaling are implicated in cancer development, possible links between them have yet to be determined. The identification of these links ...


Paratesticular Solitary Fibrous Tumour Mimicking Cellular Angiofibroma: An Unusual Morphology And Rare Site, Madiha Bilal Qureshi, Muhammad Usman, Qurratulain Chundriger, Nasir uddin 2022 Aga Khan University

Paratesticular Solitary Fibrous Tumour Mimicking Cellular Angiofibroma: An Unusual Morphology And Rare Site, Madiha Bilal Qureshi, Muhammad Usman, Qurratulain Chundriger, Nasir Uddin

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a ubiquitous benign mesenchymal tumour of fibroblastic origin, which occurs most often in middle-aged adults. It usually presents as lung mass originating from pleura, but extrapleural occurrence is also common. Tumour is characterised by hypo- and hyper-cellular areas of spindle-shaped cells, arranged in haphazard manner with dispersed staghorn-shaped vessels. Surgical excision is the curative treatment. SFTs of the primary testicular or paratesticular region are extremely rare, but they exhibit histologic findings similar to SFTs originating at other body sites. Here, we report the case of a paratesticular SFT in a 37-year male, who presented with ...


Breast And Prostate Cancer Screening: Recommendations From The American Cancer Society Versus The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, Eric Chung, Elizabeth Kramer, Katlyn Brown, Farabi Alam, Olivia Henton, Natalie DiPietro Mager 2022 Ohio Northern University

Breast And Prostate Cancer Screening: Recommendations From The American Cancer Society Versus The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, Eric Chung, Elizabeth Kramer, Katlyn Brown, Farabi Alam, Olivia Henton, Natalie Dipietro Mager

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Over the past decades, opportunities for pharmacists to be actively involved in screening, education and referral for patients have grown. As these opportunities have increased, so too has the importance of being knowledgeable about the corresponding recommendations and guidelines. At times, various expert organizations may publish contradicting guidelines for a particular disease state or preventive medicine recommendation. This article focuses on the general background and history of two such expert groups, the American Cancer Society and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, and compares the two entities’ recommendations for breast and prostate cancer as of April 2017. It is ...


Teaching Cancer Imaging In The Era Of Precision Medicine: Looking At The Big Picture, Christopher N. Chin, Ty Subhawong, James Grosso, Jeremy R. Wortman, Lacey J. McIntosh, Ryan Tai, Marta Braschi-Amirfarzan, Patricia Castillo, Francesco Alessandrino 2022 University of Miami

Teaching Cancer Imaging In The Era Of Precision Medicine: Looking At The Big Picture, Christopher N. Chin, Ty Subhawong, James Grosso, Jeremy R. Wortman, Lacey J. Mcintosh, Ryan Tai, Marta Braschi-Amirfarzan, Patricia Castillo, Francesco Alessandrino

Radiology Publications

The role of imaging in cancer diagnosis and treatment has evolved at the same rapid pace as cancer management. Over the last twenty years, with the advancement of technology, oncology has become a multidisciplinary field that allows for researchers and clinicians not only to create individualized treatment options for cancer patients, but also to evaluate patients' response to therapy with increasing precision. Familiarity with these concepts is a requisite for current and future radiologists, as cancer imaging studies represent a significant and growing component of any radiology practice, from tertiary cancer centers to community hospitals. In this review we provide ...


Risk And Outcome Of Breakthrough Covid-19 Infections In Vaccinated Patients With Cancer: Real-World Evidence From The National Covid Cohort Collaborative, Qianqian Song, Benjamin Bates, Yu Raymond Shao, Fang-Chi Hsu, Feifan Liu, Vithal Madhira, Amit Kumar Mitra, Timothy Bergquist, Ramakanth Kavuluru, Xiaochun Li, Noha Sharafeldin, Jing Su, Umit Topaloglu 2022 Wake Forest University

Risk And Outcome Of Breakthrough Covid-19 Infections In Vaccinated Patients With Cancer: Real-World Evidence From The National Covid Cohort Collaborative, Qianqian Song, Benjamin Bates, Yu Raymond Shao, Fang-Chi Hsu, Feifan Liu, Vithal Madhira, Amit Kumar Mitra, Timothy Bergquist, Ramakanth Kavuluru, Xiaochun Li, Noha Sharafeldin, Jing Su, Umit Topaloglu

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

PURPOSE: To provide real-world evidence on risks and outcomes of breakthrough COVID-19 infections in vaccinated patients with cancer using the largest national cohort of COVID-19 cases and controls.

METHODS: We used the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C) to identify breakthrough infections between December 1, 2020, and May 31, 2021. We included patients partially or fully vaccinated with mRNA COVID-19 vaccines with no prior SARS-CoV-2 infection record. Risks for breakthrough infection and severe outcomes were analyzed using logistic regression.

RESULTS: A total of 6,860 breakthrough cases were identified within the N3C-vaccinated population, among whom 1,460 (21.3%) were patients ...


Determining Vitamin D Status: A Comparison Between Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Women With Breast Cancer By Rp-Hplc, Santosh Gunasekaran, Suma M. Natraj, Prashanth Kumar M V 2022 JSS Academy Of Higher Education and Research

Determining Vitamin D Status: A Comparison Between Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Women With Breast Cancer By Rp-Hplc, Santosh Gunasekaran, Suma M. Natraj, Prashanth Kumar M V

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Background:

Suboptimal levels of Vitamin D, remains a common problem worldwide and its prevalence is high in India, ranging from 70-100%. Several molecular mechanisms have been found about the effects of Vitamin D in modulating glycemic levels and its protective nature in the development of breast cancer. Breast cancer in India is a common problem and studies regarding its association with Vitamin D levels among diabetics remain inconclusive. This study aims to find the association between Vitamin D status and breast cancer in diabetic and non-diabetic women.

Materials and methods:

25 hydroxy vitamin D levels were estimated by RP-HPLC. A ...


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Axillary Nodal Ultrasound After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy In Node-Positive Breast Cancer Patients: A Validation Study, Syeda Sakina Abidi, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Asad Ali Kerawala, Imrana Masroor, Muhammad Umair Tahseen 2022 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Axillary Nodal Ultrasound After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy In Node-Positive Breast Cancer Patients: A Validation Study, Syeda Sakina Abidi, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Asad Ali Kerawala, Imrana Masroor, Muhammad Umair Tahseen

Section of General Surgery

Objective: To determine the accuracy and false negative rate of axillary ultrasound compared to sentinel node biopsy.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from February 1 to March 31, 2021, and comprised data of breast cancer patients who had undergone neo-adjuvant chemotherapy followed by axillary lymph node dissection or axillary disease diagnosed using lymph node biopsy or sentinel lymph node biopsy between January 1, 2016, and December 30, 2020. After receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy, axillary ultrasound findings were compared with histopathology of lymph nodes. Data was analysed using SPSS 22.
Results: Of the 155 ...


Pulmonary Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Presenting Late With Intrapericardial Extension: Case Report, Manzar Abbas, Usama Qamar, Syeda Maria Ahmad Zaidi, Faiqa Binte Aamir, Ali Aahil Noorali, Haseeb Ur Rahman, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi 2022 Aga Khan University

Pulmonary Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Presenting Late With Intrapericardial Extension: Case Report, Manzar Abbas, Usama Qamar, Syeda Maria Ahmad Zaidi, Faiqa Binte Aamir, Ali Aahil Noorali, Haseeb Ur Rahman, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi

Medical College Documents

Adenoid cystic carcinoma, also known as cylindroma, is one of the rare and unexplored clinical presentations of lung cancer, for which existing knowledge is scarce. This case report discusses a presentation of this tumor in the right lung, which subsequently extended to the left atrium through the right superior pulmonary vein. The extension of this rare tumor into the left atrium makes this case both uniquely distinctive and clinically relevant. The management strategy opted for this case was a right posterolateral thoracotomy and right pneumonectomy with partial resection of the left atrium. The desired outcome of this report is to ...


Differences In Health-Related Outcomes And Health Care Resource Utilization In Breast Cancer Survivors With And Without Type 2 Diabetes, Susan Storey, Zuoyi Zhang, Xiao Luo, Megan Metzger, Amrutha Ravali Jakka, Kun Huang, Diane Von Ah 2022 Indiana University School of Nursing

Differences In Health-Related Outcomes And Health Care Resource Utilization In Breast Cancer Survivors With And Without Type 2 Diabetes, Susan Storey, Zuoyi Zhang, Xiao Luo, Megan Metzger, Amrutha Ravali Jakka, Kun Huang, Diane Von Ah

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Up to 74% of breast cancer survivors (BCS) have at least one preexisting comorbid condition, with diabetes (type 2) common. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in health-related outcomes (anemia, neutropenia, and infection) and utilization of health care resources (inpatient, outpatient, and emergency visits) in BCS with and without diabetes.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, data were leveraged from the electronic health records of a large health network linked to the Indiana State Cancer Registry. BCS diagnosed between January 2007 and December 2017 and who had received chemotherapy were included. Multivariable logistic regression and generalized ...


On-Treatment Changes In Pediatric Parameningeal Rhabdomyosarcoma Treated With Upfront Proton Therapy, Jacob Allen Jordan 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

On-Treatment Changes In Pediatric Parameningeal Rhabdomyosarcoma Treated With Upfront Proton Therapy, Jacob Allen Jordan

Longitudinal Scholar's Project

The project is focused on the effects of longitudinal changes in patient and tumor anatomy on the delivered treatment plan during proton radiotherapy for the treatment of pediatric Para meningeal rhabdomyosarcoma. The study will investigate the effects of change on dose delivered to organs-at-risk near the tumor. This effort will extend the analysis of changes to the organs-at-risk to all the cases in the study and add an additional case meeting the study criteria.


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