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Managing Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis In The Allergy Clinic: Use Of An Eczema Action Plan To Improve Caregiver Understanding And Self-Efficacy, A Pilot Study, Danielle Hubacek 2021 University of San Diego

Managing Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis In The Allergy Clinic: Use Of An Eczema Action Plan To Improve Caregiver Understanding And Self-Efficacy, A Pilot Study, Danielle Hubacek

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a complex and chronic condition that affects approximately 10% of children throughout the United States (Brown et al., 2018). The American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) (2017) estimates the average cost of eczema management for each patient is approximately $3,302 per year. The complex nature of atopic dermatitis indicates a need for individualized treatment plans. Research has shown that standardized patient teaching, written education materials, and Eczema Action Plans (EAP) reinforce patient teaching, parental understanding, and improve quality of life. This evidence-based practice (EBP) project introduces the use of a written Eczema Action ...


Tuberculoid Leprosy Masquerading As Erythema Induratum, Manuel Britto, Danish M. Siddiq, Michael Morgan, Anthony Dedea, Utpal Patel 2021 Oak Hill Hospital

Tuberculoid Leprosy Masquerading As Erythema Induratum, Manuel Britto, Danish M. Siddiq, Michael Morgan, Anthony Dedea, Utpal Patel

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Erythema Induratum (EI) is a relatively rare dermatologic disorder affecting subcutaneous fat tissue, which is often associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This report details the presentation, diagnosis and management in a 70-year-old female who presented with a painful erythematous annular rash at the clinic. The rash was later diagnosed as EI associated with Mycobacterium leprae, one rarely seen in literature.

Discussion

EI is a rare form of panniculitis that typically presents as a recurrent grouping of tender nodules and plaques on the posterior aspect of the lower legs. Although EI is considered idiopathic in most cases, it can be associated ...


022— Examining P27 Expression And Quiescence In Clobetasol-Exposed Umscv-4 Vulvar Cancer Cells, Nina Mustico, Vincent Scalcione, Jani E. Lewis 2021 SUNY Geneseo

022— Examining P27 Expression And Quiescence In Clobetasol-Exposed Umscv-4 Vulvar Cancer Cells, Nina Mustico, Vincent Scalcione, Jani E. Lewis

GREAT Day

Vulvar cancer is rare, mostly afflicting women aged 60 and older [1]. The cancer is often preceded by a common vulvar rash, lichen sclerosus, that is usually treated with the ultra-potent corticosteroid, clobetasol propionate. This treatment may, in turn, be associated with vulvar carcinogenesis. Our previous findings suggest that clobetasol is causing UMSCV-4 vulvar carcinoma cells to enter a state of quiescence. Quiescence is temporary removal from the cell cycle and can be thought of as a dormant state in which cells are not actively dividing [2]. There is growing evidence suggesting that quiescence may play a role in allowing ...


Acne Vulgaris, Yejun Oh 2021 Southern Adventist University

Acne Vulgaris, Yejun Oh

Campus Research Day

Acne vulgaris is a common chronic skin disease where sebaceous glands that are inflamed or infected occur in the skin. It is well known as red pimples on the face and a lot of teenagers suffer from it. There are several factors that cause acne vulgaris such as excess oil production, hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells, bacteria, and inflammation. There are some foods that can cause acne easily, recommending people to avoid. To give examples, those are fast foods, greasy foods, dairy products, and so on.


Use Of Prame Immunostaining To Distinguish Melanoma In Situ From Lentigo Senilis, Hailey Olds, Sarah Utz, Darius Mehregan 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Use Of Prame Immunostaining To Distinguish Melanoma In Situ From Lentigo Senilis, Hailey Olds, Sarah Utz, Darius Mehregan

Medical Student Research Symposium

PRAME (PReferentially expressed Antigen in MElanoma) is an antigen that is expressed by malignant cells in melanoma, as well as other cancers such as breast carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, and leukemia. PRAME immunohistochemistry has proved effective in identifying malignant melanocytes in melanoma lesions, but it is unclear if it may be used to distinguish melanoma from benign melanocytic conditions, such as lentigo senilis. In particular, melanoma in situ may be confused with lentigo senilis clinically and histologically, thus PRAME immunostaining is potentially useful for differentiating these two lesions. We evaluated 31 samples of lentigo senilis, 26 of melanoma in situ ...


Dermatology Technique: Mohs Micrographic Surgery, Michelle J. Volis 2021 Nova Southeastern University

Dermatology Technique: Mohs Micrographic Surgery, Michelle J. Volis

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

This paper aims to educate the readers about a novel surgery approach that is becoming popular among dermatologists. This technique, Mohs surgery, is implemented in order to treat malignant skin cancer types. This paper incorporates the history of Mohs micrographic surgery, the advantages and disadvantages of the procedure, and alternatives to this approach. The main advantage is healthy tissue preservation while disadvantages include holes in fragmented tissue margins and tissue orientation complications.


Assessment Of The Clinical Validity Of Ctdna Analysis For Melanoma Management, Anda-Gabriela Marsavela 2021 Edith Cowan University

Assessment Of The Clinical Validity Of Ctdna Analysis For Melanoma Management, Anda-Gabriela Marsavela

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Metastatic melanoma is responsible for almost 80% of all skin cancer-related deaths and the incidence of people affected continues to rise worldwide. The emergence of targeted therapy and immune-checkpoint inhibitors has improved the clinical management of melanoma, but durable survival benefit is only seen in a minority of patients. The use of these very expensive systemic therapies on all appropriate patients also poses a high economic burden on health systems across numerous countries. Currently, surveillance for treatment failure is not optimal. Thus, reliable and accurate biomarkers of patient disease status are urgently required.

Circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) analysis has emerged ...


Land-Based Exercise Versus Hydrotherapy In Osteoarthritis, Alyson Rivers 2021 Arcadia University

Land-Based Exercise Versus Hydrotherapy In Osteoarthritis, Alyson Rivers

Capstone Showcase

Introduction: Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It results in joint pain, stiffness, reduced mobility, and decreased quality of life. While NSAIDs are the cornerstone of treatment, exercise is one of the safest and least expensive treatments. Exercise can be completed on land or in water. Hydrotherapy is hypothesized to produce more beneficial outcomes compared to land-based exercise.

Methods: The database, PubMed, was used to acquire articles that compare hydrotherapy to land-based therapy in individuals with large-joint OA. Outcomes of interest included pain relief, joint mobility, and quality of life.

Results: Based collectively on four articles, there was ...


Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma: A Synthesis On Updated Guidelines For The Primary Care Perspective, Seetha Venkateswaran, Nicholas D'Angelo 2020 Orange Park Medical Center

Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma: A Synthesis On Updated Guidelines For The Primary Care Perspective, Seetha Venkateswaran, Nicholas D'Angelo

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) is a condition wherein malignant cells form in the melanocytic cells. CMM is a potentially lethal form of skin cancer, commonly found in sun-exposed areas of the body. There are multiple risk factors for disease development, such as genetic mutation and UV radiation among others. Diagnosis and staging is important in determining disease morbidity and mortality. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) have their respective guidelines and consensus on diagnosis, staging and treatment. It is imperative to delineate and educate primary care physicians on CMM, as they ...


Case Series: Gene Expression Analysis In Canine Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada/Uveodermatologic Syndrome And Vitiligo Reveals Conserved Immunopathogenesis Pathways Between Dog And Human Autoimmune Pigmentary Disorders, Ista A. Egbeto, Colton J. Garelli, Cesar Piedra-Mora, Neil B. Wong, Clement N. David, Nicholas A. Robinson, Jillian M. Richmond 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Case Series: Gene Expression Analysis In Canine Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada/Uveodermatologic Syndrome And Vitiligo Reveals Conserved Immunopathogenesis Pathways Between Dog And Human Autoimmune Pigmentary Disorders, Ista A. Egbeto, Colton J. Garelli, Cesar Piedra-Mora, Neil B. Wong, Clement N. David, Nicholas A. Robinson, Jillian M. Richmond

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH) and vitiligo are autoimmune diseases that target melanocytes. VKH affects several organs such as the skin, hair follicle, eyes, ears, and meninges, whereas vitiligo is often limited to the skin and mucosa. Many studies have identified immune genes, pathways and cells that drive the pathogeneses of VKH and vitiligo, including interleukins, chemokines, cytotoxic T-cells, and other leukocytes. Here, we present case studies of 2 canines with VKH and 1 with vitiligo, which occurred spontaneously in client-owned companion dogs. We performed comparative transcriptomics and immunohistochemistry studies on lesional skin biopsies from these cases in order to determine if ...


Low-Dose Psoralen–Uv-A Maintenance Therapy Prolongs Disease-Free Remission Rates In Mycosis Fungoides Patients, Joshua M. Brady 2020 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Low-Dose Psoralen–Uv-A Maintenance Therapy Prolongs Disease-Free Remission Rates In Mycosis Fungoides Patients, Joshua M. Brady

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using Vieyra-Garcia P, Fink-Puches R, Porkert S, et al. Evaluation of Low-Dose, Low-Frequency Oral Psoralen–UV-A Treatment With or Without Maintenance on Early-Stage Mycosis Fungoides. JAMA Dermatology. 2019;155(5):538. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamadermatol.2018.5905 for a patient weighing whether to continue treatment in light of socioeconomic circumstances.


Spare Parts Surgery For Oncologic Reconstruction To Preserve Local Advancement Flap For Decubitus Ulcer Reconstruction: A Case Report, Emily Zurbuchen, Nathan Foje, Sean Figy 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Spare Parts Surgery For Oncologic Reconstruction To Preserve Local Advancement Flap For Decubitus Ulcer Reconstruction: A Case Report, Emily Zurbuchen, Nathan Foje, Sean Figy

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

A 58-year-old male presented to our institution with synchronous large left thigh sarcoma and sacral decubitus ulcer requiring oncologic resection and reconstruction. Due to extensive tumor involvement, use of local flap for reconstruction was not feasible. Therefore, a spare parts free fillet flap from the disarticulated lower leg was utilized for reconstruction following oncologic resection. The benefits of this spare parts approach include no donor site morbidity, sufficient tissue padding for later use of prosthesis, and preservation of other flaps for future reconstruction of his sacral decubitus ulcer.


Multi-Digit Auto-Amputation In Setting Of Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, Kishan P. Patel, Jennifer L. Medlin, Michelene Hearth-Holmes 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Multi-Digit Auto-Amputation In Setting Of Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, Kishan P. Patel, Jennifer L. Medlin, Michelene Hearth-Holmes

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Raynaud’s disease is a cutaneous manifestation often present in various connective tissue and vascular diseases. Depending on the age of onset and acuity of symptoms, the phenomenon can provide clinicians with some insight as to the severity of underlying disease, including the distinction between primary and secondary Raynaud’s. However, this diagnostic approach seems to have its limitations regarding efficacy and timing of treatment. Traditionally, treatment of Raynaud’s has focused on reestablishing blood perfusion to affected tissue, which has previously been achieved with vasodilatory medications and site-specific surgical intervention. In lieu of the severe sequelae of Raynaud’s ...


The Effects Of Moderate-Severe Plaque Psoriasis On Patient Well-Being And Prevention Of Flares, Glenn Devera 2020 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Moderate-Severe Plaque Psoriasis On Patient Well-Being And Prevention Of Flares, Glenn Devera

Nursing | Senior Theses

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that is indicated by red, patchy and scaly skin that can be painful when irritated. Patients with psoriasis have an increased risk for a number of chronic diseases. Despite the expansion of treatments for moderate-to-severe psoriasis over the last decade, patients may still find that treatment strategies are not as successful, leaving them dissatisfied with their treatments. A relationship built upon trust between the nurse and the patient diagnosed with psoriasis may serve to help ensure optimal care. A comprehensive literature review was performed and found that best practices for patient management need to ...


International Observational Atopic Dermatitis Cohort To Follow Natural History And Treatment Course: Target-Derm Ad Study Design And Rationale, Katrina Abuabara, Jonathan I. Silverberg, Eric L. Simpson, Amy S. Paller, Lawrence F. Eichenfield, Robert Bissonnette, James Krueger, John E. Harris, Laura Dalfonso, Stephanie E. Watkins, Julie M. Crawford, D. Thaci, Emma Guttman-Yassky 2020 University of California, San Francisco

International Observational Atopic Dermatitis Cohort To Follow Natural History And Treatment Course: Target-Derm Ad Study Design And Rationale, Katrina Abuabara, Jonathan I. Silverberg, Eric L. Simpson, Amy S. Paller, Lawrence F. Eichenfield, Robert Bissonnette, James Krueger, John E. Harris, Laura Dalfonso, Stephanie E. Watkins, Julie M. Crawford, D. Thaci, Emma Guttman-Yassky

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

INTRODUCTION: As new topical and systemic treatments become available for atopic dermatitis (AD), there is a need to understand how treatments are being used in routine clinical practice, their comparative effectiveness and their long-term safety in diverse clinical settings.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The TARGET-DERM AD cohort is a longitudinal, observational study of patients with AD of all ages, designed to provide practical information on long-term effectiveness and safety unobtainable in traditional registration trials. Patients with physician-diagnosed AD receiving prescription treatment (topical or systemic) will be enrolled at academic and community clinical centres. Up to 3 years of retrospective medical records ...


Epidemiology And Pathophysiology Of Common Skin Diseases In West Africa: An Immunodermatological Framework, Osazomon Imarenezor 2020 Nova Southeastern University

Epidemiology And Pathophysiology Of Common Skin Diseases In West Africa: An Immunodermatological Framework, Osazomon Imarenezor

All HCAS Student Capstones, Theses, and Dissertations

This capstone reviews the common skin diseases on a global scale. With these dermatoses being further funneled into Africa and then magnified into common West African dermatoses, the meta-analyses of literature available paints a clear picture of the epidemiological & pathological factors and their contribution to the skin disease. Each article analysed in this analysis was taken from a 20-year span of January 2000 to December 2019. The selection of articles was fine-tuned by identifying the distribution of skin disease, revealing the populations affected (age, gender, ethnicity, etc), the main causes, country of origin, the prognosis of disease, and the pathology ...


Hydroxychloroquine And The Risk Of Respiratory Infections Among Ra Patients, Joel M. Kremer, George W. Reed, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Leslie R. Harrold, Kevin J. Kane, Jeffrey Greenberg, Kevin Winthrop 2020 Albany Medical College

Hydroxychloroquine And The Risk Of Respiratory Infections Among Ra Patients, Joel M. Kremer, George W. Reed, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Leslie R. Harrold, Kevin J. Kane, Jeffrey Greenberg, Kevin Winthrop

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of hydroxychloroquine on the incidence of new respiratory infections in a large registry of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients compared with a matched cohort receiving other conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs).

METHODS: We reviewed physician-reported infections including upper respiratory infections (URI), bronchitis and pneumonia in the Corrona RA registry from June 2008 to February 2020 with the goal of comparing infections in biologic/targeted synthetic (b/ts) DMARDs naive HCQ starts compared with starts of other csDMARDs and no HCQ. Patients on different interventions were compared using time-varying adjusted Cox models adjusting for age, sex, duration ...


Cyclosporine Shows Benefit As Compared To Methotrexate For Treatment Of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis Refractory To Topical Medications When Rapidity Of Clinical Response Is Of Key Importance To The Patient, Connor R. Buechler, Steven Daveluy MD 2020 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Cyclosporine Shows Benefit As Compared To Methotrexate For Treatment Of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis Refractory To Topical Medications When Rapidity Of Clinical Response Is Of Key Importance To The Patient, Connor R. Buechler, Steven Daveluy Md

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising El-Khalawany MA, Hassan H, Shaaban D, Ghonaim N, Eassa B. Methotrexate versus cyclosporine in the treatment of severe atopic dermatitis in children: a multicenter experience from Egypt. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2012;172(3):351-356. https://doi.org10.1007/s00431-012-1893-3 for a pediatric patient with severe atopic dermatitis.


Metachronous Eyelid Basal Cell Carcinoma On Opposite Eye And Lid: A Case Report, Danielle C. Kalberer OD, FAAO, Matthew A. DelMauro MD 2020 Northport Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Metachronous Eyelid Basal Cell Carcinoma On Opposite Eye And Lid: A Case Report, Danielle C. Kalberer Od, Faao, Matthew A. Delmauro Md

Optometric Clinical Practice

Background: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common eyelid malignancy, accounting for approximately 90% of malignant eyelid lesions.1 Despite its high occurrence rates, it is frequently misdiagnosed as one of the benign “lumps and bumps” that can be present on the eyelid. In the present case, a patient with a past BCC on the right upper eyelid presented with a left lower eyelid lesion which persisted for months before the patient sought evaluation by an eyecare provider. This benign-looking lash-line lesion was the only external sign of the malignancy found on the deep surface of the eyelid and ...


New Onset Murmur Or Hamman’S Sign: Mid-Systolic Click In A Suspected Case Of Connective Tissue Disorder, Amanda Dave, Jodi Cantrell 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

New Onset Murmur Or Hamman’S Sign: Mid-Systolic Click In A Suspected Case Of Connective Tissue Disorder, Amanda Dave, Jodi Cantrell

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

We present the case of a 15 y/o previously healthy male who presented to CHMC from an OSH with a 3 day history of shortness of breath, audible clicking noise, and chest discomfort after playing at the batting cages 4 days prior. No history of trauma. He was transferred to CHMC for further evaluation after identification of a pneumothorax on chest CT performed at OSH.

With respect to family history, the patient is one of 8 children. Of note, per discussion with family, his older siblings are all tall and have some connective tissue anomalies. Two siblings were noted ...


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