Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

650 Full-Text Articles 2,086 Authors 188,622 Downloads 112 Institutions

All Articles in Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

Faceted Search

650 full-text articles. Page 1 of 30.

Effects Of Social Determinants Of Health In Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Folabi I. Ariganjoye 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Effects Of Social Determinants Of Health In Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Folabi I. Ariganjoye

Applied Research Projects

The prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes in the United States and around the world has increased faster than expected in the last 30 years. The economic burden this costs a nation can be astronomic both in terms of expense and loss in productivity. One-third of U.S. adults, 86 million people, have prediabetes. Effective management is needed that can reach these 86 million, and others at high risk, to reduce their progression to diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. After the literature review, there was not enough literature to support how these led to the progression to diabetes. The abundant literature is ...


Exposure To Weight Management Counseling Among Students At 8 U.S. Medical Schools, Karen M. Ashe, Alan C. Geller, Jyothi A. Pendharkar, Lori Pbert, Sybil L. Crawford, Melissa A. Clark, Christine F. Frisard, Cassie A. Eno, Jamie Faro, Judith K. Ockene 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Exposure To Weight Management Counseling Among Students At 8 U.S. Medical Schools, Karen M. Ashe, Alan C. Geller, Jyothi A. Pendharkar, Lori Pbert, Sybil L. Crawford, Melissa A. Clark, Christine F. Frisard, Cassie A. Eno, Jamie Faro, Judith K. Ockene

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: Clinical guidelines support physician intervention consistent with the Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange framework for adults who have obesity. However, weight management counseling curricula vary across medical schools. It is unknown how frequently students receive experiences in weight management counseling, such as instruction, observation, and direct experience.

METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, conducted in 2017, of 730 third-year medical students in 8 U.S. medical schools assessed the frequency of direct patient, observational, and instructional weight management counseling experiences that were reported as summed scores with a range of 018. Analysis was completed in 2017.

RESULTS: Students reported the least ...


Effectiveness Of Ehr-Depression Screening Among Adult Diabetics In An Urban Primary Care Clinic, Filipina C. Schnabel MD, MPH, MSN, FNP-BC, Danielle Aldridge MSN, FNP-C, Laura Reed DNP, FNP-BC 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Effectiveness Of Ehr-Depression Screening Among Adult Diabetics In An Urban Primary Care Clinic, Filipina C. Schnabel Md, Mph, Msn, Fnp-Bc, Danielle Aldridge Msn, Fnp-C, Laura Reed Dnp, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) and depression are important comorbid conditions that can lead to more serious health outcomes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) supports routine screening for depression as part of standard diabetes management. The PHQ2 and PHQ9 questionnaires are good diagnostic screening tools used for major depressive disorders in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). This quality improvement study aims to compare the rate of depression screening, treatment, and referral to behavioral health in adult patients with DM2 pre and post-integration of depression screening tools into the electronic health record (EHR).

Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review on patients ...


Physical Activity Behavior Comparisons Between Adults With And Without Type 1 Diabetes, Cassandra M. Beattie, Jesse A. Stein, Katie Heinrich 2021 Kansas State University

Physical Activity Behavior Comparisons Between Adults With And Without Type 1 Diabetes, Cassandra M. Beattie, Jesse A. Stein, Katie Heinrich

Health Behavior Research

Physical activity (PA) is a widely accepted strategy to manage chronic diseases like type 1 diabetes; however, unique PA barriers likely result in lower PA levels among person(s) with type 1 diabetes (PWT1D), compared to person(s) without type 1 diabetes (PWOT1D). The integrated theory of health behavior change (ITHBC) (i.e., knowledge/beliefs, self-regulation, and self-management) provides a helpful framework for understanding PA and other health behaviors. This research aimed to determine differences in PA between adult PWT1D and PWOT1D, and characterize their PA-related behaviors using the ITHBC. Participants (N = 90; 86.7% female, 90% white) were recruited ...


Esophageal Cancer Complicated By A Distal Acquired Esophagopulmonary Fistula, Alexander D. Lake, Yousef Almuzaini, Aaron Jaffe, Joseph Staffetti, Mukesh Patel 2021 Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point

Esophageal Cancer Complicated By A Distal Acquired Esophagopulmonary Fistula, Alexander D. Lake, Yousef Almuzaini, Aaron Jaffe, Joseph Staffetti, Mukesh Patel

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Esophageal respiratory fistulas, commonly found as a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), are abnormal connections between the esophagus and trachea. These can be congenital (infants) or acquired (malignancy). A more rare form of an esophageal respiratory fistula is an abnormal connection between the esophagus and the lung parenchyma—also known as an esophagopulmonary fistula. In our case, we present a middle-aged male with a history of esophageal cancer undergoing chemotherapy and radiation presenting into the intensive care unit for increasing shortness of breath and vomiting after eating found to have a rare form of a TEF causing his symptoms.


Optimal Blood Glucose Monitoring Interval For Insulin Infusion In Critically Ill Non-Cardiothoracic Patients: A Pilot Study, Amos Lal, Nurul Haque, Jennifer Lee, Sai Ramya Katta, Louise Maranda, Susan George, Nitin Trivedi 2021 Mayo Clinic

Optimal Blood Glucose Monitoring Interval For Insulin Infusion In Critically Ill Non-Cardiothoracic Patients: A Pilot Study, Amos Lal, Nurul Haque, Jennifer Lee, Sai Ramya Katta, Louise Maranda, Susan George, Nitin Trivedi

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

OBJECTIVE: The American Diabetes Association and the Society of Critical Care Medicine recommend monitoring blood glucose (BG) every 1-2 hours in patients receiving insulin infusion to guide titration of insulin infusion to maintain serum glucose in the target range; however, this is based on weak evidence. We evaluated the compliance of hourly BG monitoring and relation of less frequent BG monitoring to glycemic status.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review performed on 56 consecutive adult patients who received intravenous insulin infusion for persistent hyperglycemia in the ICU at Saint Vincent Hospital, a tertiary care community hospital an urban setting in ...


Effect Of Consumption Of Animal Milk Compared To Infant Formula For Non-Breastfed/Mixed-Fed Infants 6-11 Months Of Age: A Systematic Review (Protocol), Aamer Imdad, Julie Melissa Ehrlich, Joseph Catania, Emily Tanner-Smith, Abigail Smith, Olivia Tsistinas, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2021 SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, USA

Effect Of Consumption Of Animal Milk Compared To Infant Formula For Non-Breastfed/Mixed-Fed Infants 6-11 Months Of Age: A Systematic Review (Protocol), Aamer Imdad, Julie Melissa Ehrlich, Joseph Catania, Emily Tanner-Smith, Abigail Smith, Olivia Tsistinas, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Introduction: Prevalence rates of breastfeeding remain low even though the World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend exclusive breast feeding for the first 6 months of life in combination with appropriate complementary feeding beyond six 6 months of age. There have been several studies that address the implication of drinking animal milk and/or infant formula on children's health and development when breast feeding is not offered during the first year of life. Vast improvements have been made in infant formula design, which may increase its benefits compared with animal's milk. The objective of ...


Wellness Review 2020, Part 2, Brian Ferguson, Martin Huecker 2021 US Air Force

Wellness Review 2020, Part 2, Brian Ferguson, Martin Huecker

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: This article comprises Part 2 of the Journal of Wellness review of 2020 wellness literature (July – December). In this review, JWellness editors continue the goal of offering a cohesive summary of recent publications within the wellness domain. We summarize new science and resilience initiatives published outside of JWellness that seek understanding of either burnout and its prevention or thriving in the medical community.

Methods: From the interval of 01 July – 31 Dec 2020, PubMed was queried for empirical research studies, review articles, and editorials in accordance with the following algorithm: an article was required to have two delineating keywords ...


Sensing Soluble Uric Acid By Naip1-Nlrp3 Platform, Tarcio Teodoro Braga, Eicke Latz 2021 Federal University of Parana

Sensing Soluble Uric Acid By Naip1-Nlrp3 Platform, Tarcio Teodoro Braga, Eicke Latz

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Uric acid (UA), a product of purine nucleotide degradation able to initiate an immune response, represents a breakpoint in the evolutionary history of humans, when uricase, the enzyme required for UA cleavage, was lost. Despite being inert in human cells, UA in its soluble form (sUA) can increase the level of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) in murine macrophages. We, therefore, hypothesized that the recognition of sUA is achieved by the Naip1-Nlrp3 inflammasome platform. Through structural modelling predictions and transcriptome and functional analyses, we found that murine Naip1 expression in human macrophages induces IL-1beta expression, fatty acid production and an inflammation-related response upon ...


Mucosal Genomics Implicate Lymphocyte Activation And Lipid Metabolism In Refractory Environmental Enteric Dysfunction, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Najeeb Rahman, Kamran Sadiq, Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Junaid Iqbal, Sheraz Ahmed, Aneeta Hotwani, Fayyaz Umrani, Sana Syed, Syed Asad Ali 2021 Aga Khan University

Mucosal Genomics Implicate Lymphocyte Activation And Lipid Metabolism In Refractory Environmental Enteric Dysfunction, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Najeeb Rahman, Kamran Sadiq, Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Junaid Iqbal, Sheraz Ahmed, Aneeta Hotwani, Fayyaz Umrani, Sana Syed, Syed Asad Ali

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background & aims: Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) limits the Sustainable Development Goals of improved childhood growth and survival. We applied mucosal genomics to advance our understanding of EED.
Methods: The Study of Environmental Enteropathy and Malnutrition (SEEM) followed 416 children from birth to 24 months in a rural district in Pakistan. Biomarkers were measured at 9 months and tested for association with growth at 24 months. The duodenal methylome and transcriptome was determined in 52 undernourished SEEM participants and 42 North American controls and celiac disease patients.
Results: After accounting for growth at study entry, circulating IGF-1 and ferritin predicted linear ...


Changes In Body Weight And Serum Albumin Levels In Patients Requiring Home Long-Term Oxygen Therapy, Naomi Kayauchi, Eiji Ojima, Katsunori Kagohashi, Hiroaki Satoh 2021 University of Tsukuba, Mito Medical Center

Changes In Body Weight And Serum Albumin Levels In Patients Requiring Home Long-Term Oxygen Therapy, Naomi Kayauchi, Eiji Ojima, Katsunori Kagohashi, Hiroaki Satoh

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Purpose: To investigate the long-term changes in body weight and serum albumin levels in patients with respiratory failure, and those with chronic heart failure, who were treated with home long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) to understand the current status and contribute to future measures.

Methods: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), those with interstitial pneumonia (IP), and those with chronic heart failure (CHF) undergoing home LTOT for 6 months or more between January 2011 and January 2019 were included in the study. Body weight and serum albumin levels were assessed at the start of home LTOT and at the end ...


Keeping Weight Off: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Alters Amygdala Functional Connectivity During Weight Loss Maintenance In A Randomized Control Trial, Serhiy Y. Chumachenko, Ryan J. Cali, Milagros C. Rosal, Jeroan J. Allison, Sharina D. Person, Douglas Ziedonis, Ben Nephew, Constance M. Moore, Nanyin Zhang, Jean A. King, Carl E. Fulwiler 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Keeping Weight Off: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Alters Amygdala Functional Connectivity During Weight Loss Maintenance In A Randomized Control Trial, Serhiy Y. Chumachenko, Ryan J. Cali, Milagros C. Rosal, Jeroan J. Allison, Sharina D. Person, Douglas Ziedonis, Ben Nephew, Constance M. Moore, Nanyin Zhang, Jean A. King, Carl E. Fulwiler

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

Obesity is associated with significant comorbidities and financial costs. While behavioral interventions produce clinically meaningful weight loss, weight loss maintenance is challenging. The objective was to improve understanding of the neural and psychological mechanisms modified by mindfulness that may predict clinical outcomes. Individuals who intentionally recently lost weight were randomized to Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) or a control healthy living course. Anthropometric and psychological factors were measured at baseline, 8 weeks and 6 months. Functional connectivity (FC) analysis was performed at baseline and 8 weeks to examine FC changes between regions of interest selected a priori, and independent components identified ...


Screening For Malnutrition In Oral Cavity Cancer Patients Prior To Treatment: A Cross-Sectional Study, Haissan Iftikhar, Anwar Suhail, Amna Urooba, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Zeeshan Shaikh, Muhammad Wasif 2021 Aga Khan University

Screening For Malnutrition In Oral Cavity Cancer Patients Prior To Treatment: A Cross-Sectional Study, Haissan Iftikhar, Anwar Suhail, Amna Urooba, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Zeeshan Shaikh, Muhammad Wasif

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

This study was conducted to assess the frequency of pre-operative malnourishment in patients being treated for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma. A retrospective chart review was carried out at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, on 62 patients. Patients were screened pre-operatively through a standard nutritional assessment tool at the time of admission to assess for malnutrition. Mean age of presentation was 48.34±13.11 years, mean height was 165 ± 8.62cm, weight 66.09±14.98 kg and BMI of 24.09±4.84. Males were 82.3% and 17.7% were females. At the time of admission ...


Identification Of Infant Feeding Practices In Eastern Kentucky And Southern West Virginia That Correlate With High Weight-For-Length, Havilah R. Adkins 2021 University of Kentucky

Identification Of Infant Feeding Practices In Eastern Kentucky And Southern West Virginia That Correlate With High Weight-For-Length, Havilah R. Adkins

DNP Projects

Background: Approximately 20% of children in the United States are obese. West Virginia and Kentucky rank in the top 10 for obesity rates in children as young as 2-4 years old. Obesity increases the risk for numerous short-term health problems and impacts long-term health, development, quality of life, and life expectancy. Research indicates that obesogenic behaviors can be addressed prior to the development of obesity or significant health problems to prevent, rather than treat. Interventions targeting caregivers of infants younger than 2-years can promote early development of healthy feeding habits that persist through the developmental stages of nutrition. Before a ...


Preconceptional Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplementation In 2 Low-Resource Countries Results In Distinctly Different Igf-1/Mtor Placental Responses, Marisol Castillo-Castrejon, Ivana V. Yang, Elizabeth J. Davidson, Sarah J. Borengasser, Purevsuren Jambal, Jamie Westcott, Jennifer F. Kemp, Ana Garces, Sumera Aziz Ali, Sarah Saleem 2020 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, USA.

Preconceptional Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplementation In 2 Low-Resource Countries Results In Distinctly Different Igf-1/Mtor Placental Responses, Marisol Castillo-Castrejon, Ivana V. Yang, Elizabeth J. Davidson, Sarah J. Borengasser, Purevsuren Jambal, Jamie Westcott, Jennifer F. Kemp, Ana Garces, Sumera Aziz Ali, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Background: Preconceptional maternal small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplementation (SQLNS) improved intrauterine linear growth in low-resource countries as demonstrated by the Women First Preconception Maternal Nutrition Trial (WF). Fetal growth is dependent on nutrient availability and regulated by insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) through changes in placental transfer capacity, mediated by the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway.
Objectives: Our objective was to evaluate the role of placental mTOR and IGF-1 signaling on fetal growth in women from 2 low-resource countries with high rates of stunting after they received preconceptional SQLNS.
Methods: We studied 48 women from preconception through delivery who were ...


The Crossroads Of Wellness And Second Victim Syndrome: Identifying Factors That Alter The Pathway Of Caregiver Recovery Following An Unanticipated Adverse Patient Outcome, Kimia Zarabian, A. Katharine Hindle, Ivy Benjenk, Anita Vincent, Jamil M. Kazma, Benjamin Shambon, Raymond Pla, Eric Heinz 2020 The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences

The Crossroads Of Wellness And Second Victim Syndrome: Identifying Factors That Alter The Pathway Of Caregiver Recovery Following An Unanticipated Adverse Patient Outcome, Kimia Zarabian, A. Katharine Hindle, Ivy Benjenk, Anita Vincent, Jamil M. Kazma, Benjamin Shambon, Raymond Pla, Eric Heinz

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: Second Victim Syndrome (SVS) describes the phenomenon in which a caregiver experiences a traumatic psychological and emotional response to an adverse patient event or medical error. Using quantitative survey analysis, we aim to better understand the personal factors that affect SVS development and recovery.

Methods: Caregivers at a small urban academic medical center who had experienced an adverse patient event in the past six months were invited to take part in this institution-wide, voluntary, quantitative, cross-sectional study. Three surveys were administered; the Holmes-Rahe Life Stress Inventory (HRLSI) was used as a surrogate to measure stressful life events. The Impact ...


Determinants Of Infant And Young Complementary Feeding Practices Among Children 6-23 Months Of Age In Urban Pakistan: A Multicenter Longitudinal Study, Shabina Ariff, Kamran Sadiq, Javairia Khalid, Laila Sikanderali, Batha Tariq, Fariha Shaheen, Gul Nawaz Khan, Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi 2020 Agha Khan University

Determinants Of Infant And Young Complementary Feeding Practices Among Children 6-23 Months Of Age In Urban Pakistan: A Multicenter Longitudinal Study, Shabina Ariff, Kamran Sadiq, Javairia Khalid, Laila Sikanderali, Batha Tariq, Fariha Shaheen, Gul Nawaz Khan, Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Suboptimal feeding practices have a negative impact on children's health and growth in the first 2 years of life and increase their risk of undernutrition, morbidity, and mortality. The aim of the study was to assess the factors that influence infant and young child feeding practices among urban mothers in a hospital setting at Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: A longitudinal multi-center cohort study was conducted in four countries, MULTICENTER BODY COMPOSITION REFERENCE STUDY (MBCRS) to produce normal body composition reference data in healthy infants from 3 months to 24 months of age. Repeated anthropometric (weight, length and head circumference ...


Joint Influences Of Obesity, Diabetes, And Hypertension On Indices Of Ventricular Remodeling: Findings From The Community-Based Framingham Heart Study, Beatrice von Jeinsen, Ramachandran S. Vasan, David D. McManus, Gary F. Mitchell, Susan Cheng, Vanessa Xanthakis 2020 Boston University

Joint Influences Of Obesity, Diabetes, And Hypertension On Indices Of Ventricular Remodeling: Findings From The Community-Based Framingham Heart Study, Beatrice Von Jeinsen, Ramachandran S. Vasan, David D. Mcmanus, Gary F. Mitchell, Susan Cheng, Vanessa Xanthakis

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

INTRODUCTION: Obesity, hypertension, and diabetes are independently associated with cardiac remodeling and frequently co-cluster. The conjoint and separate influences of these conditions on cardiac remodeling have not been investigated.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 5,741 Framingham Study participants (mean age 50 years, 55% women) who underwent echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), global longitudinal strain (GLS), mitral E/e', left atrial end-systolic (peak) dimension (LASD) and emptying fraction (LAEF). We used multivariable generalized linear models to estimate the adjusted-least square means of these measures according to cross-classified categories of body mass index (BMI ...


Natural History Study Of Glycan Accumulation In Large Animal Models Of Gm2 Gangliosidoses, Catlyn Cavender, Linley Mangini, Jeremy L. Van Vleet, Carley Corado, Emma McCullagh, Heather L. Gray-Edwards, Douglas R. Martin, Brett E. Crawford, Roger Lawrence 2020 BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc.

Natural History Study Of Glycan Accumulation In Large Animal Models Of Gm2 Gangliosidoses, Catlyn Cavender, Linley Mangini, Jeremy L. Van Vleet, Carley Corado, Emma Mccullagh, Heather L. Gray-Edwards, Douglas R. Martin, Brett E. Crawford, Roger Lawrence

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

beta-hexosaminidase is an enzyme responsible for the degradation of gangliosides, glycans, and other glycoconjugates containing beta-linked hexosamines that enter the lysosome. GM2 gangliosidoses, such as Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff, are lysosomal storage disorders characterized by beta-hexosaminidase deficiency and subsequent lysosomal accumulation of its substrate metabolites. These two diseases result in neurodegeneration and early mortality in children. A significant difference between these two disorders is the accumulation in Sandhoff disease of soluble oligosaccharide metabolites that derive from N- and O-linked glycans. In this paper we describe our results from a longitudinal biochemical study of a feline model of Sandhoff disease and an ...


Change In Body Weight And Serum Albumin Levels In Febrile Neutropenic Lung Cancer Patients, Naomi Kayauchi, Yumi Nakagawa, Takako Oteki, Katsunori Kagohashi, Hiroaki Satoh 2020 University of Tsukuba, Mito Medical Center

Change In Body Weight And Serum Albumin Levels In Febrile Neutropenic Lung Cancer Patients, Naomi Kayauchi, Yumi Nakagawa, Takako Oteki, Katsunori Kagohashi, Hiroaki Satoh

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Although advances have been made in the treatment and prevention of febrile neutropenia (FN) in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy, it is still a complication that requires clinical attention. Impaired nutritional status in patients who develop FN can affect the continuation of cancer treatment, but it has not been investigated. We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study in order to clarify (1) if body weight and serum albumin levels change in lung cancer patients who do and do not develop FN, and (2) if these indicators are more likely to worsen in patients with FN than in patients without FN. Patients ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress