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Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases Commons

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The Effects Of Vitamin D Supplementation On Athletic Performance And Injury Prevention, Amani Adeeb Abushamma 2022 Wright State University

The Effects Of Vitamin D Supplementation On Athletic Performance And Injury Prevention, Amani Adeeb Abushamma

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Vitamin D supplementation has numerous effects on athletic performance and plays a significant role in preventing an athlete’s risk of getting injuries. Vitamin D has an impact on numerous physiological functions such as: bone health, muscle function, inflammatory response, and immune function. An athlete’s bone and muscle health are essential for maximum performance and career success. A bone fracture due to vitamin D deficiency can delay an athlete’s training and ultimately inhibit obtaining a collegiate scholarship and/or contract. A cross sectional study found that more than half of athletic trainers did not view 25-hydroxyvitamin D(25 ...


Women's Health: Optimal Nutrition Throughout The Lifecycle, Edith J M Feskens, Regan Bailey, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Hans-Konrad Biesalski, Heather Eicher-Miller, Klaus Krämer, Wen-Harn Pan, James C. Griffiths 2022 Wageningen University

Women's Health: Optimal Nutrition Throughout The Lifecycle, Edith J M Feskens, Regan Bailey, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Hans-Konrad Biesalski, Heather Eicher-Miller, Klaus Krämer, Wen-Harn Pan, James C. Griffiths

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Sex differences are an important consideration when researching and establishing policies for nutrition and optimal health. For women's health, there are important physiologic, neurologic, and hormonal distinctions throughout the lifecycle that impact nutritional needs. Distinct from those for men, these nutritional needs must be translated into appropriate nutrition policy that aims to not only avoid overt nutritional deficiency, but also to promote health and minimize risk for chronic disease. Through a series of webinars, scientific experts discussed the advances in the understanding of the unique nutritional needs, challenges and opportunities of the various life stages for women across the ...


A Sailor’S Disease Presenting In Urban America With Red Spots On The Legs, John A. Buchan, Bruce H. Gray 2022 University of Cincinnati

A Sailor’S Disease Presenting In Urban America With Red Spots On The Legs, John A. Buchan, Bruce H. Gray

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Sailors were often affected by nutritional deficiencies due to the absence of fresh foods on long voyages. One example is the development of scurvy from a lack of vitamin C ingestion. In modern society in which fresh food are available this disease is infrequently recognized. The following case describes a 62-year-old male who presented with “red spots” on his legs and a large area of ecchymosis on his thigh. After initial testing failed to elicit a cause, a dietary history revealed that the patient had a peculiar diet of only ice cream with a total avoidance of fruits and vegetables ...


Health Equity & Obesity Management: An Improvement Project In A Federally Qualified Healthcare Center In Central Harlem, Brianna Bouchez 2022 University of Massachusetts Boston

Health Equity & Obesity Management: An Improvement Project In A Federally Qualified Healthcare Center In Central Harlem, Brianna Bouchez

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Description of the problem: Obesity is a growing healthcare problem worldwide with extraordinary costs to the individual's health and the healthcare system. Individuals most affected by obesity include socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals, often with limited resources to seek specialized care.

Available knowledge: Various weight-loss interventions exist but access and success rates vary. Weight loss is often modest and additional factors such as social determinants of health, health literacy, and patient motivation are all factors important to the success of an intervention.

Specific Aims: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to improve self-regulatory weight loss behaviors and increase weight ...


A Case Of Diabulimia In A 23-Year-Old Woman With Extensive Comorbidities, Stephen Poos, Kaitlin McGowan, Ashaki Martin 2022 Rowan University

A Case Of Diabulimia In A 23-Year-Old Woman With Extensive Comorbidities, Stephen Poos, Kaitlin Mcgowan, Ashaki Martin

Stratford Campus Research Day

Diabulimia is defined as intentionally withholding insulin injections for the purpose of weight loss in the setting of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D).

It is characterized as an eating disorder (ED), although it does not yet have DSM diagnosis status.

Recognition of the condition among medical professionals is limited but growing.


Parental Engagement To Influence Child Nutrition Habits, Mariah Van Ardenne 2022 California State University, Monterey Bay

Parental Engagement To Influence Child Nutrition Habits, Mariah Van Ardenne

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Brighter Bites Salinas is a non-profit agency whose mission is to create healthy communities through fresh food. They do this by providing nutrition education to children and delivering free, fresh produce to parents. In the United States, obesity and food insecurity are common, intertwined issues among children. The contributing factors to these entangled issues are associated with living in poverty, acculturation of minority groups, and negative parental influence. The consequences of this include increased risk of chronic diseases, high-cost treatments, and mental health issues. This capstone project was created to positively engage parents in nutrition education to influence their children ...


Prevention Of Diabetes-Related Hospital Readmission Following Initial Diagnosis Of Diabetes In Patients Over The Age Of Fifty: A Scoping Review, Nathan Miller DNP, AGACNP, FNP, Jasmine Harris DNP, FNP, Michael Clardy DNP, AGACNP, Diana Dedmon DNP, ACNP, FNP-BC 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Prevention Of Diabetes-Related Hospital Readmission Following Initial Diagnosis Of Diabetes In Patients Over The Age Of Fifty: A Scoping Review, Nathan Miller Dnp, Agacnp, Fnp, Jasmine Harris Dnp, Fnp, Michael Clardy Dnp, Agacnp, Diana Dedmon Dnp, Acnp, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background: By reviewing multiple studies related to the treatment of patients with new diagnoses of diabetes, this scoping review will endeavor to determine which interventions, when implemented for patients over 50 years old which are newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, can decrease the likelihood of hospital readmission related to diabetes within 90 days when compared with those patients who did not receive or participate in follow-up.

Methods: For resources to be eligible to review they had to be from 2015 or after. Studies selected included patients over the age of 50 newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes subject ...


Review Of Diabetes Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, Katherine Ride, Samantha Burrow 2022 Edith Cowan University

Review Of Diabetes Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People, Katherine Ride, Samantha Burrow

Journal of the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Diabetes is the fastest growing chronic disease condition globally. Type 2 diabetes in particular, has reached epidemic proportions, with the greatest burden falling on socially disadvantaged groups and Indigenous peoples.

This review focuses primarily on type 2 diabetes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, which is responsible for the majority of cases of diabetes in this population. It provides general information on the social and cultural context of diabetes, and the behavioural and biomedical factors that contribute to diabetes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

This review provides detailed information on:

  • the extent of diabetes among Aboriginal and ...


The Effect Of Certified Diabetic Education On Hemoglobin A1c Levels In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Brooke Chezem BSN, RN, Kathleen Reed BSN, RN, Savannah Barnes BSN, RN, Sharon Little DNP, APRN, FNP-BC 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

The Effect Of Certified Diabetic Education On Hemoglobin A1c Levels In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Brooke Chezem Bsn, Rn, Kathleen Reed Bsn, Rn, Savannah Barnes Bsn, Rn, Sharon Little Dnp, Aprn, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a nationwide growing epidemic which contributes to hundreds of billions of dollars a year in healthcare costs and can lead to significant health complications, such as disability or death. To prevent these complications, patients must maintain adequate blood glucose control by adhering to their treatment plan and adopting healthy lifestyle behaviors, including dietary modifications and exercise. Through Certified Diabetes Educators (CDE) and PharmDs, patients can be educated on proper self-management techniques. Current evidence shows that CDEs helped improve Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) levels.

Methods In this retrospective chart review, 29 charts of patients ...


Additional Comments To The Article Written By Eymard Torres-Rodriguez Et Al: Reduction Of Cardiovascular Risk In Obese Patients Who Participated In A Lifestyle Medicine Program, John C. Longa López 2022 Universidad Ricardo Palma, Lima-Perú

Additional Comments To The Article Written By Eymard Torres-Rodriguez Et Al: Reduction Of Cardiovascular Risk In Obese Patients Who Participated In A Lifestyle Medicine Program, John C. Longa López

Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

Sr. Editor Las enfermedades crónicas han ocupado un lugar destacado en las estadísticas mundiales de morbimortalidad, dado el aumento de la esperanza de vida y el acceso a nuevas tecnologías terapéuticas y fármacos avanzados. Las enfermedades cardiometabólicas como la diabetes, la hipertensión arterial, la dislipidemia y la obesidad, entre otras, son claros ejemplos tanto del impacto como del advenimiento de nuevas oportunidades terapéuticas. En este estudio, se evaluó el efecto de un programa de estilo de vida sobre el riesgo cardiovascular de los pacientes incluidos.


About The Article: Intermittent Fasting Scheme And Reduction Of Anthropometric Measurements, Lipid Profile, Blood Pressure And Cardiovascular Risk, Jamee Guerra Valencia, Geremi A. Gonzales Matta, Jenyfer M. Fuentes Mendoza, Cielo A. Estela Fernandez 2022 Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima-Perú

About The Article: Intermittent Fasting Scheme And Reduction Of Anthropometric Measurements, Lipid Profile, Blood Pressure And Cardiovascular Risk, Jamee Guerra Valencia, Geremi A. Gonzales Matta, Jenyfer M. Fuentes Mendoza, Cielo A. Estela Fernandez

Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

Dear Editor: We have read with great interest the article "Intermittent fasting scheme and reduction of anthropometric measurements, lipid profile, blood pressure and cardiovascular risk" published by Dr Javier Wong-Gonzáles et al, in number 1, volume 22 of your magazine; where the purpose of the research focuses on the assessment of the efficacy of intermittent fasting as a strategy for the modification of anthropometric parameters and cardiovascular risk variables; We would like to contribute the importance of defining the times of the day in which the periods of food intake and abstinence are framed during intermittent fasting, since the induced ...


Vitamin D Level Testing In An Urban Midwest Clinic: To Test Or Not To Test?, Daniel Mundt, Marianne Klumph, Kayla Heslin, Wajih Askar 2022 Aurora Sinai Medical Center, Advocate Aurora Health

Vitamin D Level Testing In An Urban Midwest Clinic: To Test Or Not To Test?, Daniel Mundt, Marianne Klumph, Kayla Heslin, Wajih Askar

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is significantly higher among urban populations in the U.S. Midwest, with African Americans being disproportionately affected. There is ongoing debate surrounding who and how often individuals should be screened for VDD. This study aimed to understand the prevalence of VDD, associated risk factors, and discrepancies in testing at an urban-based internal medicine residency clinic. Data were retrospectively collected on all adult patients seen by the clinic during 2018 and descriptive statistical analysis performed. Among 3976 total patients (mean age: 53 years), 18% (n = 698) had vitamin D levels analyzed, with deficiency found in 71% of ...


Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency (Ssadhd): Qualitative Needs Assessment For Patients With A Rare Neurological Disorder, Cassandra Bovee, Kayla Woodring 2022 Noorda College of Osteopathic Medicine

Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency (Ssadhd): Qualitative Needs Assessment For Patients With A Rare Neurological Disorder, Cassandra Bovee, Kayla Woodring

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Determining Vitamin D Status: A Comparison Between Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Women With Breast Cancer By Rp-Hplc, Santosh Gunasekaran, Suma M. Natraj, Prashanth Kumar M V 2022 JSS Academy Of Higher Education and Research

Determining Vitamin D Status: A Comparison Between Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Women With Breast Cancer By Rp-Hplc, Santosh Gunasekaran, Suma M. Natraj, Prashanth Kumar M V

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Background:

Suboptimal levels of Vitamin D, remains a common problem worldwide and its prevalence is high in India, ranging from 70-100%. Several molecular mechanisms have been found about the effects of Vitamin D in modulating glycemic levels and its protective nature in the development of breast cancer. Breast cancer in India is a common problem and studies regarding its association with Vitamin D levels among diabetics remain inconclusive. This study aims to find the association between Vitamin D status and breast cancer in diabetic and non-diabetic women.

Materials and methods:

25 hydroxy vitamin D levels were estimated by RP-HPLC. A ...


A Remote Health Coaching, Text-Based Walking Program In Ethnic Minority Primary Care Patients With Overweight And Obesity: Feasibility And Acceptability Pilot Study, Mary H. Smart, Nadia A. Nabulsi, Ben S. Gerber, Itika Gupta, Barbara Di Eugenio, Brian Ziebart, Lisa K. Sharp 2022 University of Illinois at Chicago

A Remote Health Coaching, Text-Based Walking Program In Ethnic Minority Primary Care Patients With Overweight And Obesity: Feasibility And Acceptability Pilot Study, Mary H. Smart, Nadia A. Nabulsi, Ben S. Gerber, Itika Gupta, Barbara Di Eugenio, Brian Ziebart, Lisa K. Sharp

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

BACKGROUND: Over half of US adults have at least one chronic disease, including obesity. Although physical activity is an important component of chronic disease self-management, few reach the recommended physical activity goals. Individuals who identify as racial and ethnic minorities are disproportionally affected by chronic diseases and physical inactivity. Interventions using consumer-based wearable devices have shown promise for increasing physical activity among patients with chronic diseases; however, populations with the most to gain, such as minorities, have been poorly represented to date.

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary outcomes of an 8-week text-based coaching and ...


Nutrient Intake Differs Among Persons With Celiac Disease And Gluten-Related Disorders In The United States, Aynur Unalp-Arida, Rui Liu, Constance E. Ruhl 2022 National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Nutrient Intake Differs Among Persons With Celiac Disease And Gluten-Related Disorders In The United States, Aynur Unalp-Arida, Rui Liu, Constance E. Ruhl

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Persons with celiac disease (CD) may develop nutritional deficiencies, while individuals following a gluten-free diet (GFD) may lack essential nutrients. We examined nutrient intake from diet and supplements among persons with CD and GFD in the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2014. Among 15,610 participants 20 years and older, we identified CD based on positive serology for immunoglobulin A against tissue transglutaminase, health care provider diagnosis, and adherence to a GFD. People without CD avoiding gluten (PWAG) adhered to a GFD without a diagnosis of CD. Two 24-h recalls assessed nutrient intake from diet and supplements. Compared ...


Association Of Urine Findings With Metabolic Syndrome Traits In A Population Of Patients With Nephrolithiasis, Virginia L. Hood, Kevan M. Sternberg, Desiree de Waal, John R. Asplin, Carley Mulligan, Peter W. Callas 2022 University of Vermont

Association Of Urine Findings With Metabolic Syndrome Traits In A Population Of Patients With Nephrolithiasis, Virginia L. Hood, Kevan M. Sternberg, Desiree De Waal, John R. Asplin, Carley Mulligan, Peter W. Callas

Larner College of Medicine Fourth Year Advanced Integration Teaching/Scholarly Projects

  1. Background The odds of nephrolithiasis increase with more metabolic syndrome (MetS) traits. We evaluated associations of metabolic and dietary factors from urine studies and stone composition with MetS traits in a large cohort of stone-forming patients.

    Methods Patients .18 years old who were evaluated for stones with 24-hour urine collections between July 2009 and December 2018 had their records reviewed retrospectively. Patient factors, laboratory values, and diagnoses were identified within 6 months of urine collection and stone composition within 1 year. Four groups with none, one, two, and three or four MetS traits (hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes) were evaluated ...


Maximal Strength Training Increases Metabolic Energy Expenditure In Sedentary Adults Classified As Obese, Robert E. Anderson III 2022 University of Kentucky

Maximal Strength Training Increases Metabolic Energy Expenditure In Sedentary Adults Classified As Obese, Robert E. Anderson Iii

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

Background: Metabolic adaptations reduce resting and non-resting energy expenditure to account for approximately 120 kcal/day. Weight loss promotes greater skeletal muscle efficiency, reducing the energy cost of physical activity and is correlated with declines in skeletal muscle glucose oxidation. Maximal Strength Training (MST) has the potential to upregulate glucose utilization and may offset these metabolic adaptations. Objective: To determine if MST offsets markers of metabolic adaptation by increasing resting and non-resting energy expenditure in sedentary individuals classified as obese. Methods: Five (5) participants (2 females, 3 males), ages 18-35 years, with obesity (BMI 30–45 kg/m2) were enrolled ...


Healing Through Mother Earth, Taylor A. Russell 2022 Hollins University

Healing Through Mother Earth, Taylor A. Russell

Dance (MFA) Theses

This thesis deals with mental health, with a focus on Black women. Historically, Black women are often so compromised, being constant caregivers and helping everyone else, that they forget to help themselves, not having the time and financial means to do so. If we go back in the time of slavery, many Black women were taking care of slave owners' children and suckling the white women’s babies instead of their own. By the time they got home and after diligently caring for other people’s children they were focused on their own children, who they had been away from ...


Amelioration Of Mitochondrial Bioenergetic Dysfunction In Diabetes Mellitus: Delving Into Specialized And Non-Specific Therapeutics For The Ailing Heart, Andrya Jean Durr 2022 West Virginia University

Amelioration Of Mitochondrial Bioenergetic Dysfunction In Diabetes Mellitus: Delving Into Specialized And Non-Specific Therapeutics For The Ailing Heart, Andrya Jean Durr

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Morbidity and mortality of the diabetic population is influenced by many confounding factors, but cardiovascular disease (CVD), remains the leading cause of death. Mitochondrial dysfunction is central in the development of cardiac contractile dysfunction, with decreased mitochondrial bioenergetic function, increased dependence on free fatty acid utilization, and a decrease in glucose utilization having been shown to contribute to contractile dysfunction. Strategies targeting the amelioration of mitochondrial bioenergetic function are attractive for limiting diabetes-induced heart failure, and preserving health-span. The goals of this dissertation were to assess two mitochondrial-centric approaches for the amelioration of mitochondrial and cardiac contractile dysfunction in diabetes ...


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