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The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu 2023 Sichuan University

The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination could prevent cervical and other HPV-associated cancers attributable to vaccine-associated HPV types. However, HPV vaccination coverage among women aged 9–18 years old is low in China. Common barriers include poor financial affordability, minimal public engagement, and low confidence in domestically produced HPV vaccines. Pay-it-forward offers an individual a free or subsidized service then an opportunity to voluntarily donate and/or create a postcard message to support future people. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of pay-it-forward as compared to standard-of-care self-paid vaccination to improve HPV vaccine uptake among adolescent girls aged 15–18 years, who are …


Clinical Utility Of Neutrophil To Lymphocyte Ratio In Sickle Cell Disease With Vaso-Occlusive Crisis, Satish Maharaj, Simone Chang 2023 Hematology & Oncology, Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University

Clinical Utility Of Neutrophil To Lymphocyte Ratio In Sickle Cell Disease With Vaso-Occlusive Crisis, Satish Maharaj, Simone Chang

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background and objectives: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio represents a universally accessible value that correlates with inflammation and prognosis in several disease states; however, the role of this biomarker in sickle cell disease remains poorly explored. Hence, the objective of the present study was to determine its potential clinical utility in patients with sickle cell disease.

Patients: Herein, we retrospectively reviewed 143 patients with sickle cell disease who presented to the emergency department with fever and painful vaso-occlusive crisis.

Results: The examined cohort had a prevalence of 11% confirmed bacterial infection, with approximately two-thirds reporting the use of hydroxyurea. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio …


Monkeypox: Facts For Faith Community Nurses, Melissa K. Travelsted 2022 Western Kentucky University

Monkeypox: Facts For Faith Community Nurses, Melissa K. Travelsted

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Faith community nurses provide services to diverse populations and should be aware of the recent monkeypox outbreak. The 2022 outbreak is dissimilar from previous as cases are occurring in non-endemic countries with no travel connections to endemic countries. Cases in the United States are mostly identified in the gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. Symptoms of monkeypox begin with flu-like symptoms progressing to a sequential rash (macule, papule, vesicles, pustules, scabs). The distinguishing characteristic of monkeypox from other Orthopoxviruses is lymphadenopathy. There is no FDA approved treatment for monkeypox as most cases are mild and self-limiting, …


Il-21 Signaling Promotes The Establishment Of Kshv Infection In Human Tonsil Lymphocytes By Increasing Differentiation And Targeting Of Plasma Cells, Nedaa Alomari, Jennifer Totonchy 2022 Chapman University

Il-21 Signaling Promotes The Establishment Of Kshv Infection In Human Tonsil Lymphocytes By Increasing Differentiation And Targeting Of Plasma Cells, Nedaa Alomari, Jennifer Totonchy

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction: Factors influencing Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) transmission and the early stages of KSHV infection in the human immune system remain poorly characterized. KSHV is known to extensively manipulate the host immune system and the cytokine milieu, and cytokines are known to influence the progression of KSHV-associated diseases. Our previous work identified the early targeting of plasma cells for KSHV infection. In this study, we examine whether IL-21, a cytokine known to profoundly influence plasma cell fate, influences the early stages of KSHV infection in B lymphocytes.

Methods: Using our unique model of ex vivo KSHV infection in tonsil lymphocytes, …


Investigating The Pi3k/Akt/Atm Pathway, Telomeric Dna Damage, T Cell Death, And Crispr/Cas9-Mediated Gene Editing During Acute And Chronic Hiv Infection, Sushant Khanal 2022 East Tennessee State University

Investigating The Pi3k/Akt/Atm Pathway, Telomeric Dna Damage, T Cell Death, And Crispr/Cas9-Mediated Gene Editing During Acute And Chronic Hiv Infection, Sushant Khanal

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection initiates major metabolic and cell- survival complications. Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is the current approach to suppress active HIV replication to a level of undetected viral load, but it is not a curative approach. Newer and sophisticated gene editing technologies could indeed be a potent antiviral therapy to achieve a clinical sterilization/cure of HIV infection. Chronic HIV patients, even under a successful ART regimen, exhibit a low-grade inflammation, immune senescence, premature aging, telomeric DNA attrition, T cell apoptosis, and cellular homeostasis. In this dissertation, we investigated CD4 T cell homeostasis, degree of T cell apoptosis, an …


Cost Utility Of Supporting Family-Based Care To Prevent Hiv And Deaths Among Orphaned And Separated Children In East Africa: A Markov Model–Based Simulation, Marta Wilson-Barthes, Paula Braitstein, Allison DeLong, David Ayuku, Lukoye Atwoli, Edwin Sang, Omar Galárraga 2022 Brown University School of Public Health, USA

Cost Utility Of Supporting Family-Based Care To Prevent Hiv And Deaths Among Orphaned And Separated Children In East Africa: A Markov Model–Based Simulation, Marta Wilson-Barthes, Paula Braitstein, Allison Delong, David Ayuku, Lukoye Atwoli, Edwin Sang, Omar Galárraga

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Purpose: Strengthening family-based care is a key policy response to the more than 15 million orphaned and separated children who have lost 1 or both parents in sub-Saharan Africa. This analysis estimated the cost-effectiveness of family-based care environments for preventing HIV and death in this population.

Design: We developed a time-homogeneous Markov model to simulate the incremental cost per disability-adjusted life year (DALY) averted by supporting family-based environments caring for orphaned and separated children in western Kenya. Model parameters were based on data from the longitudinal OSCAR’s Health and Well-Being Project and published literature. We used a societal perspective, …


Increasing The Prescribing Of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) With A Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Screening Tool, Cassey Hall 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Increasing The Prescribing Of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) With A Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Screening Tool, Cassey Hall

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is one of the leading pandemics in the world. In 2019, 38 million people were living with HIV around the world. Of those, roughly 87% were aware of their HIV status.

PICOT: In patients with high risk for HIV, how does implementing a pre-exposure (PrEP) screening tool compared to randomly screening for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) affect the prescribing of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) within eight weeks?

Evidence: In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended PrEP for the prevention of HIV in high-risk individuals. The patients include men who have sex with …


Mental Health, Substance Use, And The Importance Of Religion During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Ji-Yeun Park, Thushara Galbadage, Hyuna Lee, David C. Wang, Brent M. Peterson 2022 Biola University

Mental Health, Substance Use, And The Importance Of Religion During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Ji-Yeun Park, Thushara Galbadage, Hyuna Lee, David C. Wang, Brent M. Peterson

Faculty Articles & Research

COVID-19 impacted multiple facets of life, with implications on physical, mental, and societal health. Specifically, long COVID and related losses have exacerbated complex and prolonged grief responses and mental disorders including depression and anxiety. These mental health concerns are in turn associated with increased detrimental coping strategies including substance use disorders (SUD). The social and interpersonal implications of SUD are varied. Secondary data analyses from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) collected during the COVID-19 pandemic revealed an increase in substance use behaviors and mental health problems. Self-reported religious activities had a positive meditating effect on reducing …


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 147), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 147), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 146), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 146), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Oral And Topical Antibiotics On Foreskin Inflammation And Hiv Target Cells In Ugandan Men., Zhongtian (Eric) Shao 2022 The University of Western Ontario

The Effect Of Oral And Topical Antibiotics On Foreskin Inflammation And Hiv Target Cells In Ugandan Men., Zhongtian (Eric) Shao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Penile circumcision reduces HIV susceptibility by up to 60% in men; however, many men prefer to remain uncircumcised for personal or cultural reasons. Penile circumcision protects against HIV by reducing anaerobic bacteria on the penis. Penile anaerobes cause local inflammation and the recruitment of HIV-susceptible CD4+CCR5+ cells, increasing the likelihood that exposure to HIV during intercourse results in infection. To determine if a non-surgical intervention can reduce penile anaerobes and HIV target cells, we randomized men to antimicrobial treatment prior to circumcision. To be able to quantify the effect of antimicrobials, we developed a novel deep-learning algorithm to quantify HIV …


A Phase 1a/1b Clinical Trial Design To Assess Safety, Acceptability, Pharmacokinetics And Tolerability Of Intranasal Q-Griffithsin For Covid-19 Prophylaxis, Henry W. Nabeta, Maryam Zahin, Joshua L. Fuqua, Elizabeth D. Cash, Ingrid Leth, Michael Strauss, Jeanne Novak, Lin Wang, Angela Siegwald, Rachel A. Sheppard, Shesh N. Rai, Lisa C. Rohan, Sharon Hillier, Gerald W. Dryden, Kevin L. Potts, Kenneth E. Palmer 2022 University of Louisville, Kentucky

A Phase 1a/1b Clinical Trial Design To Assess Safety, Acceptability, Pharmacokinetics And Tolerability Of Intranasal Q-Griffithsin For Covid-19 Prophylaxis, Henry W. Nabeta, Maryam Zahin, Joshua L. Fuqua, Elizabeth D. Cash, Ingrid Leth, Michael Strauss, Jeanne Novak, Lin Wang, Angela Siegwald, Rachel A. Sheppard, Shesh N. Rai, Lisa C. Rohan, Sharon Hillier, Gerald W. Dryden, Kevin L. Potts, Kenneth E. Palmer

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic remains an ongoing threat to global public health. Q-Griffithsin (Q-GRFT) is a lectin that has demonstrated potent broad-spectrum inhibitory activity in preclinical studies in models of Nipah virus and the beta coronaviruses SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2.

Methods: Here, we propose a clinical trial design to test the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and tolerability of intranasally administered Q-GRFT for the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infection as a prophylaxis strategy. The initial Phase 1a study will assess the safety and PK of a single dose of intranasally administered Q-GRFT. If found safe, the safety, PK, and tolerability of multiple doses …


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 145), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 145), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Stochastic Models Of Zoonotic Avian Influenza With Multiple Hosts, Environmental Transmission, And Migration In The Natural Reservoir, Kaia Smith 2022 Illinois State University

Stochastic Models Of Zoonotic Avian Influenza With Multiple Hosts, Environmental Transmission, And Migration In The Natural Reservoir, Kaia Smith

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


An Agent-Based Model Of Covid-19 Transmission At Lewis University, Austin Kind, Brittany Stephenson PhD 2022 Lewis University

An Agent-Based Model Of Covid-19 Transmission At Lewis University, Austin Kind, Brittany Stephenson Phd

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 144), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 144), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 143), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 143), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Culturally Responsive Civic Engagement: A Pathway To Mental Health Equity For Latinx Youth, Jasmine Tran, Andrew Tran 2022 University of Florida

Culturally Responsive Civic Engagement: A Pathway To Mental Health Equity For Latinx Youth, Jasmine Tran, Andrew Tran

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

The COVID-19 pandemic magnified the existing inequities in the mental healthcare system that disproportionately affects communities of color, especially Latinx youth. This population faces disparities in the availability, accessibility, and quality of mental health services. This call to action to combat current mental health disparities entails ongoing collaborative efforts that address the plights of this community through community-based research studies. These studies inform efforts to mobilize health professionals, policymakers, and community partners across sectors to collaboratively dismantle systemic disparities and promote culturally-responsive initiatives.


Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Therapy, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Severus Gaspar, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Bogdan Socea, Vlad Denis Constantin 2022 ST. PANTELIMON HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SURGERY, RO.

Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Therapy, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Severus Gaspar, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Bogdan Socea, Vlad Denis Constantin

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

SARS-COV 2 recently caused a global pandemic, with the first case being reported in Romania in February 2020. Important restrictive measures were imposed, so that the addressability of patients to medical services decreased. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding had more severe forms of evolution at the time of presentation, which required additional methods of diagnosis and treatment. This is a retrospective study performed on 268 patients, which aims to evaluate the type and effectiveness of different treatment methods for upper gastrointestinal bleeding during the COVID 19 pandemic. Severity assessment was performed by measuring the Rockall score and additional methods of diagnosis. The …


Fear Of Covid-19, Anxiety, Depression And Suicide Among Elderly Patients With Chronic Physical Or Mental Diseases, Vasiliki Holeva, Vasiliki Aliki Nikopoulou, Eleni Parlapani, Konstantinos Karkaletsis, Styliani Kokkoni, Dimitrios Nouvakis, Patroklos Theocharis, Ioannis Diakogiannis 2022 Department of Psychiatry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

Fear Of Covid-19, Anxiety, Depression And Suicide Among Elderly Patients With Chronic Physical Or Mental Diseases, Vasiliki Holeva, Vasiliki Aliki Nikopoulou, Eleni Parlapani, Konstantinos Karkaletsis, Styliani Kokkoni, Dimitrios Nouvakis, Patroklos Theocharis, Ioannis Diakogiannis

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Older age renders individuals vulnerable during public emergency crises. Considering that older adults are a highly heterogeneous and continuously growing demographic subgroup, this study aimed to assess the mental health impact of COVID-19 on two groups of older patients: a group of chronic physical disease and a group of chronic mental disease. A total of 102 patients completed the Fear of COVID-19 Scale, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale, the Brief Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and several questions regarding demographic characteristics. Suicidality was assessed by the 9th item of the PHQ-9. According to the results, older chronic disease patients showed higher …


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