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Spontaneous Splenic Laceration Presenting As Stable Angina In The Ed, Lea Rowson, James Baird 2021 Rowan University

Spontaneous Splenic Laceration Presenting As Stable Angina In The Ed, Lea Rowson, James Baird

Stratford Campus Research Day

We present a case of a 62-year-old female who presented to the emergency department complaining of classic cardiac chest pain and was ultimately diagnosed with hemoperitoneum due to a splenic laceration sustained during recent colonoscopy. The signs and symptoms between these two diagnoses can be vaguely similar, and a missed diagnosis of either leads to increased morbidity and mortality. To make an appropriate diagnosis, a thorough history and physical examination is imperative. Observation of non-musculoskeletal left shoulder pain in addition to abdominal tenderness should lead the astute clinician down a different path towards diagnosis. Kehr’s sign is present in many …


Pain And Sleep Are Associated In Fibromyalgia Patients, Rahul Patel, Robert A Steer, Richard Jermyn, Venkat Venkataraman 2021 Rowan University

Pain And Sleep Are Associated In Fibromyalgia Patients, Rahul Patel, Robert A Steer, Richard Jermyn, Venkat Venkataraman

Stratford Campus Research Day

This poster explores whether a correlation exists between lack of sleep and fibromyalgia pain.


Case Presentation: Lower Back Pain Or Chronic Acetaminophen Overdose?, Meghan Whitt, Christopher Schwartz, Bhumi Shah 2021 Rowan University

Case Presentation: Lower Back Pain Or Chronic Acetaminophen Overdose?, Meghan Whitt, Christopher Schwartz, Bhumi Shah

Stratford Campus Research Day

Unintentional ingestions can pose a difficult challenge to diagnose in the setting of the Emergency Department. Many may present with vague symptoms that are not consistent with classic overdose prodromes. Many patients do not identify or disclose over the counter medications, such as analgesics, with which acute/chronic ingestion in large quantities can result in life threatening medical emergencies. Their underlying symptoms may also cloud their clinical picture, further complicating workup within the ED.


Meralgia Paresthetica As A Complication Of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy In A Post Partum Teenager, Puthenmadam Radhakrishnan, Wajihah Memon, Prasanna Tati 2021 Rowan University

Meralgia Paresthetica As A Complication Of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy In A Post Partum Teenager, Puthenmadam Radhakrishnan, Wajihah Memon, Prasanna Tati

Stratford Campus Research Day

An 18 year old G1P1 female, 3 months postpartum presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain that was diagnosed as cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Following a cholecystectomy surgery, the patient developed weakness and gait abnormality that was diagnosed as neuralgia.

Meralgia paresthetica is such an understudied diagnosis that its incidence is unknown. Patients who are 30-85 years old, obese, diabetic, and/or pregnant are at an increased risk for the condition. This case calls attention to the underdiagnosis of meralgia paresthetica in pediatric patients with comorbidities. As aforementioned risk factors increase in the pediatric population due to societal and environmental factors, …


Physiological Response And Tissue Damage Following Different Depths Of Impact In A Rodent Model Of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Haven K. Predale, Christopher P. Knapp, Barry D. Waterhouse, Rachel L. Navarra 2021 Rowan University

Physiological Response And Tissue Damage Following Different Depths Of Impact In A Rodent Model Of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Haven K. Predale, Christopher P. Knapp, Barry D. Waterhouse, Rachel L. Navarra

Stratford Campus Research Day

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a serious public health concern that can result in significant neurological and behavioral deficit. mTBI results from impact to the head and can be repetitive in nature, especially in sports and domestic violence cases. Our laboratory studies the effects of repetitive mTBI on risky choice behavior in rodents using a closed-head controlled cortical impact (CH-CCI) model of injury and a well-established probabilistic discounting task that assesses risk-based decision-making behavior. We have recently found that females, but not males, display transient increases in risky choice behavior following three CH-CI’s delivered at 5.5m/s velocity and 2.5 …


Relationship Between Global Cognition And Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Alexia Sebghati 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Relationship Between Global Cognition And Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Alexia Sebghati

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is currently affecting the lives of 5.8 million Americans and is expected to double within the next 30 years. With an aging populace of baby boomers, this will place great economic strain on the U.S. creating a burden of almost $1 trillion in healthcare costs. Currently, there is no cure for AD. However, studies report that many individuals with AD experience changes in the brain up to 10-15 years before the disease’s onset. It is imperative to detect future risk of developing AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) before significant cognitive changes arise. Many of the risk …


Criterion Validity Of The Ohio State University Traumatic Brain Injury Identification Method In A Criminal Justice Sample, Sarah M. Monaghan 2021 City University of New York (CUNY)

Criterion Validity Of The Ohio State University Traumatic Brain Injury Identification Method In A Criminal Justice Sample, Sarah M. Monaghan

Student Theses

The purpose of the current study was to determine the clinical utility of the Ohio State University Traumatic Brain Injury Identification Method (OSU-TBI-ID) in a criminal justice sample, by evaluating the criterion-related validity of this instrument. It was hypothesized that this tool could differentiate between incarcerated individuals with or without a history of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) on measures evaluating important TBI-related sequalae. The sample consisted of 95 incarcerated men detained at a private correctional facility in a Mid-Atlantic state. Measures used in this study to evaluate executive functioning difficulties, psychiatric difficulties, substance use problems, institutional misconduct and recidivism were …


Pde4 Inhibition: A Novel Therapeutic Strategy In Liver Fibrosis., Mohamed Elnagdy 2021 University of Louisville

Pde4 Inhibition: A Novel Therapeutic Strategy In Liver Fibrosis., Mohamed Elnagdy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: Liver fibrosis is accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins due to chronic liver injury. Chronic hepatic damage can occur due to multiple causes including, alcohol, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and chronic viral hepatitis. Liver fibrosis is a critical problem worldwide due to the extremely high incidence of alcohol associated liver damage and chronic viral hepatitis. Moreover, there is no FDA approved therapy for liver fibrosis. Activation and transdifferentiation of quiecent hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) to myofibroblasts (MFBs) is the main event contributing to liver fibrosis. This process involves two phases, the initiation and the perpetuation phases. Hepatocyte injury and inflammatory response …


Non-Selective Primary Human Tumor Cell Line Generation From Surgical Resections To Be Paired With Flash Frozen And Paraffin Embedded Tissue: Advancements In Democratizing Translational Research Materials To Rural Institutions, Jennifer Hawkins, Rebecca Russell, Logan M. Lawrence, Amrita Valluri, Jessica Wellman, Krista Denning 2021 Marshall University

Non-Selective Primary Human Tumor Cell Line Generation From Surgical Resections To Be Paired With Flash Frozen And Paraffin Embedded Tissue: Advancements In Democratizing Translational Research Materials To Rural Institutions, Jennifer Hawkins, Rebecca Russell, Logan M. Lawrence, Amrita Valluri, Jessica Wellman, Krista Denning

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Translational cancer research relies on the availability of human patient tissue demonstrating the specific disease process under investigation. Biobanks of human tissue have historically been and remain to date the primary access point for cancer research samples. Biorepositories routinely supply researchers with varying sample types for use in biomedical studies; most commonly formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue, or fresh snap-frozen tissue. In conjunction with preserved tissue samples, viable tumor cell lines derived from patient tissue have emerged to be a new gold standard in cancer research particularly in drug discovery and functional prognostic assays. Tissue banks providing these samples are …


Mad Violence, White Victims, And Other Gun Violence Fictions: The Gap Between School Shootings And Systemic Gun Violence, Hayley C. Stefan 2021 College of the Holy Cross

Mad Violence, White Victims, And Other Gun Violence Fictions: The Gap Between School Shootings And Systemic Gun Violence, Hayley C. Stefan

Research on Diversity in Youth Literature

No abstract provided.


Respiratory Pathogens In Patients With Acute Exacerbation Of Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis From A Developing Country, Shayan Shahid, Kausar Jabeen, Nousheen Iqbal, Joveria Farooqi, Muhammad Irfan 2021 Aga Khan University

Respiratory Pathogens In Patients With Acute Exacerbation Of Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis From A Developing Country, Shayan Shahid, Kausar Jabeen, Nousheen Iqbal, Joveria Farooqi, Muhammad Irfan

Medical College Documents

Bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis (non-CF bronchiectasis) has become a major respiratory disease in developing nations. The dilated mucus filled airways promote bacterial overgrowth followed by chronic infection, bronchial inflammation, lung injury and re-infection Accurate pathogen identification and antimicrobial susceptibility allowing appropriate treatment, in turn, may break this vicious cycle. To study the spectrum and antimicrobial spectrum of pathogen yielded from respiratory specimens in adult patients with acute exacerbation of non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis. This cross-sectional study was performed at the pulmonology clinics of the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan from 2016-2019. Respiratory specimens were collected from adult patients with …


The Many Faces Of Solitary Fibrous Tumor; Diversity Of Histological Features, Differential Diagnosis And Role Of Molecular Studies And Surrogate Markers In Avoiding Misdiagnosis And Predicting The Behavior, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Nasir Ud Din, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Yong-Koo Park 2021 Aga Khan University

The Many Faces Of Solitary Fibrous Tumor; Diversity Of Histological Features, Differential Diagnosis And Role Of Molecular Studies And Surrogate Markers In Avoiding Misdiagnosis And Predicting The Behavior, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Nasir Ud Din, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Yong-Koo Park

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Solitary Fibrous Tumor (SFT) is a distinct soft tissue neoplasm associated with NAB2-STAT6 gene fusion. It can involve a number of anatomic sites and exhibits a wide spectrum of histological features.
Main body: Apart from diversity in morphological features seen even in conventional SFT, two histologic variants (fat-forming and giant cell-rich) are also recognized. In addition, a malignant form and dedifferentiation are well recognized. Owing to diverse histological features and involvement of diverse anatomic locations, SFT can mimic other soft tissue neoplasms of different lineages including schwannoma, spindle cell lipoma, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, liposarcoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), malignant peripheral …


Determining Bone Turnover Status In Patients With Chronic Liver Disease, Tayyaba Bukhari, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Aysha Habib Khan, Imran Siddiqui 2021 Aga Khan University

Determining Bone Turnover Status In Patients With Chronic Liver Disease, Tayyaba Bukhari, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Aysha Habib Khan, Imran Siddiqui

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Introduction: Hepatic osteodystrophy is an osteoporotic bone disease that occurs in chronic liver disease patients. The global prevalence of osteoporosis in patients with chronic liver disease is 30% to 40%. The pathogenesis of hepatic bone disease is not clear, but it occurs due to unstable bone remodeling with increased bone resorption and decreases bone formation. There has been an interest in determining the clinical utility of bone turnover markers (BTMs) in the assessment of osteoporosis in chronic liver patients.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in patients with chronic liver disease at the section of chemical pathology, department of …


Concordance Between Clinical And Pathological Response Assessment After Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy In Patients With Invasive Lobular Carcinoma, Aisha Shaikh, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Shaista Khan, Romana Idress, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Saira Fatima Shaikh, Hira Waheed 2021 Aga Khan University

Concordance Between Clinical And Pathological Response Assessment After Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy In Patients With Invasive Lobular Carcinoma, Aisha Shaikh, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Shaista Khan, Romana Idress, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Saira Fatima Shaikh, Hira Waheed

Department of Surgery

Background: Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is frequently administered in breast carcinoma patients. The clinical response to NAC guides further treatment. The pathological response is not only an independent prognostic factor, but it also guides further treatment and prognosis.
Objectives: The aim of our study was to find the degree of concordance between clinical and pathological response assessments after NAC in Invasive lobular Carcinoma (ILC) cases by using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and different pathological systems, respectively. We also tried to identify any useful parameter of clinical assessment that could better correlate with pathologic assessment and provide a better estimation of …


Metaplastic Breast Carcinoma: Clinicopathological Parameters And Prognostic Profile, Saroona Haroon, Shamail Zia, Umme Aiman Shirazi, Omer Ahmed, Ishaq Azeem Asghar, Asad Diwan, Anoshia Afzal, Muhammad Irfan, Syed Jawwad Ali, Atif A. Hashmi 2021 Sherwood Forest Hospitals, National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust, Ashfield, GBR.

Metaplastic Breast Carcinoma: Clinicopathological Parameters And Prognostic Profile, Saroona Haroon, Shamail Zia, Umme Aiman Shirazi, Omer Ahmed, Ishaq Azeem Asghar, Asad Diwan, Anoshia Afzal, Muhammad Irfan, Syed Jawwad Ali, Atif A. Hashmi

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Introduction: Metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC) is defined as breast cancer with a heterologous non-glandular component. MBC is considered a special type of breast cancer with a prognosis that is worse than invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast. MBC is the most common breast cancer with a triple-negative profile. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the clinicopathological parameters, recurrence and survival of MBC in our population.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study in the Department of Histopathology at Prince Faisal Oncology Centre, Buraidah, Saudi Arabia, over a period of five years. All cases diagnosed as MBC were included in …


Intestinal Dysbiosis Disguised As A Rectal Fistula Treated With Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transplantation, Nicolina Scibelli, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor 2021 HCA Healthcare

Intestinal Dysbiosis Disguised As A Rectal Fistula Treated With Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transplantation, Nicolina Scibelli, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2021

No abstract provided.


Post Covid-19 Tuberculosis: An Emerging Threat Of Pandemic, Aqusa Zahid, Nousheen Iqbal, Sarosh Moeen, Muhammad Irfan 2021 Aga Khan University

Post Covid-19 Tuberculosis: An Emerging Threat Of Pandemic, Aqusa Zahid, Nousheen Iqbal, Sarosh Moeen, Muhammad Irfan

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) disease (COVID-19) pandemic has hit the world hard. Millions of people have died due to the infection and several have suffered with what are now known as post COVID-19 squeal. Among these squeals one is immunosuppression which leaves patients prone to severe opportunistic infection. We here report a case of young female who was infected by COVID-19 and later developed cavitary pneumonia which upon investigation turned out to be due to mycobacterium tuberculosis. Through this report we aim to highlight the importance of high index of suspicion for infection like Mycobacterium tuberculosis after …


Determination Of Reference Interval (Ri) Of Spot Urinary Oxalate To Creatinine Ratio In Children Of Pakistani Origin Under Six Years Of Age: A Cross-Sectional Study, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Lena Jafri, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Hafsa Majid, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Aysha Habib Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

Determination Of Reference Interval (Ri) Of Spot Urinary Oxalate To Creatinine Ratio In Children Of Pakistani Origin Under Six Years Of Age: A Cross-Sectional Study, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Lena Jafri, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Hafsa Majid, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Aysha Habib Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The gold standard screening method of hyperoxaluria in children is using 24-hour urine collection. Urine collection may be cumbersome and challenging for children. Reference intervals (RI) of oxalate for the Pakistani population are not readily available. Therefore we aimed to determine the oxalate to creatinine ratio (Ox: Cr) for Pakistani children <6 years of age.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Khan University from June 2018 to October 2019. Random urine samples from apparently healthy children < 6 years were collected and stored at -30°C until analysis after adding 6M HCl. Oxalate was measured on Micro lab 300 using a kit based on oxalate oxidase principle, while creatinine was measured by kinetic Jaffe reaction. Data was analyzed by EP evaluator and SPSS 23. Ox: Cr ratio was calculated and reported with 90% confidence interval (CI) and interquartile range (IQR).
Results: The mean age of study subjects (n=120) was 29 ±22.3 months with an M: F ratio of 1:1. Children of various ethnicities …


Clinicopathological Features Of Craniopharyngioma: A 15-Year Study From A Tertiary Care Center In Pakistan, Saroona Haroon, Anoshia Afzal, Shamail Zia, Syed J. Ali, Fazail Zia, Farozaan Shamail, Muhammad Irfan, Atif A. Hashmi 2021 Aga Khan University

Clinicopathological Features Of Craniopharyngioma: A 15-Year Study From A Tertiary Care Center In Pakistan, Saroona Haroon, Anoshia Afzal, Shamail Zia, Syed J. Ali, Fazail Zia, Farozaan Shamail, Muhammad Irfan, Atif A. Hashmi

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Introduction: Craniopharyngiomas (CPs) are benign neoplasms and most common suprasellar tumors. They are more frequent in children, contributing to a significant number of intracranial tumors in the pediatric population and are thought to be arising either from the epithelial remnant cells of the craniopharyngeal duct or from the adenohypophysis epithelium. Two subtypes of CPs exist, namely, adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma (ACP) and papillary craniopharyngioma (PCP). ACP is more common in children with a relatively aggressive clinical course and more frequent relapses than PCP. The study objective was to evaluate the clinicopathological features of CP in our population.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective …


Gastric Antral Diverticula: A Rare Diverticula With A Unique Presentation, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor, Chadley Froes 2021 HCA healthcare

Gastric Antral Diverticula: A Rare Diverticula With A Unique Presentation, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor, Chadley Froes

Gastroenterology

Gastric diverticula are the least common gastrointestinal diverticula. Patients can be diagnosed incidentally on EGD or present with variable symptoms such as abdominal fullness, anorexia, and perforation. Gastric diverticula can be acquired from malignancy, peptic ulcer disease, or prior surgery or be congenital. Treatment varies based on symptomatology ranging from conservative medical management with proton pump inhibitors to surgical treatment with open or laparoscopic resection. We present a case of a 73-year-old female with acquired gastric diverticulum presenting as a gastric outlet obstruction who was successfully treated with conservative medical therapy.


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