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Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms Commons

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The Koebner Phenomenon May Contribute To The Development Of Calciphylaxis: A Case Series, Colleen K. Gabel, Teja Chakrala, Allison S. Dobry, Anna Cristina Garza-Mayers, Lauren N. Ko, Emily D. Nguyen, Radhika Shah, Jessica St. John, Sagar U. Nigwekar, Daniela Kroshinsky 2021 Massachusetts General Hospital

The Koebner Phenomenon May Contribute To The Development Of Calciphylaxis: A Case Series, Colleen K. Gabel, Teja Chakrala, Allison S. Dobry, Anna Cristina Garza-Mayers, Lauren N. Ko, Emily D. Nguyen, Radhika Shah, Jessica St. John, Sagar U. Nigwekar, Daniela Kroshinsky

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

Calciphylaxis is characterized by calcific occlusion of vessels and subsequent tissue ischemia due to thrombosis. The precise pathogenetic mechanism behind calciphylaxis remains unclear. In the original experiment by Hans Selye and colleagues, soft-tissue calcification was induced in rats by applying a sensitizing agent, followed by a “challenger” agent after a specific time period. Trauma may represent one of these “challenger” agents, serving as an inducer of endothelial dysfunction and subsequent thrombosis, leading from tissue calcification to calciphylaxis.

Koebnerization, a term used to describe the appearance of isomorphic lesions in areas of trauma, has been postulated to be a feature of ...


Mad Violence, White Victims, And Other Gun Violence Fictions: The Gap Between School Shootings And Systemic Gun Violence, Hayley C. Stefan 2021 College of the Holy Cross

Mad Violence, White Victims, And Other Gun Violence Fictions: The Gap Between School Shootings And Systemic Gun Violence, Hayley C. Stefan

Research on Diversity in Youth Literature

No abstract provided.


Respiratory Pathogens In Patients With Acute Exacerbation Of Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis From A Developing Country, Shayan Shahid, Kausar Jabeen, Nousheen Iqbal, Joveria Farooqi, Muhammad Irfan 2021 Aga Khan University

Respiratory Pathogens In Patients With Acute Exacerbation Of Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis From A Developing Country, Shayan Shahid, Kausar Jabeen, Nousheen Iqbal, Joveria Farooqi, Muhammad Irfan

Medical College Documents

Bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis (non-CF bronchiectasis) has become a major respiratory disease in developing nations. The dilated mucus filled airways promote bacterial overgrowth followed by chronic infection, bronchial inflammation, lung injury and re-infection Accurate pathogen identification and antimicrobial susceptibility allowing appropriate treatment, in turn, may break this vicious cycle. To study the spectrum and antimicrobial spectrum of pathogen yielded from respiratory specimens in adult patients with acute exacerbation of non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis. This cross-sectional study was performed at the pulmonology clinics of the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan from 2016-2019. Respiratory specimens were collected from adult patients with ...


The Many Faces Of Solitary Fibrous Tumor; Diversity Of Histological Features, Differential Diagnosis And Role Of Molecular Studies And Surrogate Markers In Avoiding Misdiagnosis And Predicting The Behavior, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Nasir Ud Din, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Yong-Koo Park 2021 Aga Khan University

The Many Faces Of Solitary Fibrous Tumor; Diversity Of Histological Features, Differential Diagnosis And Role Of Molecular Studies And Surrogate Markers In Avoiding Misdiagnosis And Predicting The Behavior, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Nasir Ud Din, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Yong-Koo Park

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Solitary Fibrous Tumor (SFT) is a distinct soft tissue neoplasm associated with NAB2-STAT6 gene fusion. It can involve a number of anatomic sites and exhibits a wide spectrum of histological features.
Main body: Apart from diversity in morphological features seen even in conventional SFT, two histologic variants (fat-forming and giant cell-rich) are also recognized. In addition, a malignant form and dedifferentiation are well recognized. Owing to diverse histological features and involvement of diverse anatomic locations, SFT can mimic other soft tissue neoplasms of different lineages including schwannoma, spindle cell lipoma, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, liposarcoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), malignant peripheral ...


Determining Bone Turnover Status In Patients With Chronic Liver Disease, Tayyaba Bukhari, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Aysha Habib Khan, Imran Siddiqui 2021 Aga Khan University

Determining Bone Turnover Status In Patients With Chronic Liver Disease, Tayyaba Bukhari, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Aysha Habib Khan, Imran Siddiqui

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Introduction: Hepatic osteodystrophy is an osteoporotic bone disease that occurs in chronic liver disease patients. The global prevalence of osteoporosis in patients with chronic liver disease is 30% to 40%. The pathogenesis of hepatic bone disease is not clear, but it occurs due to unstable bone remodeling with increased bone resorption and decreases bone formation. There has been an interest in determining the clinical utility of bone turnover markers (BTMs) in the assessment of osteoporosis in chronic liver patients.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in patients with chronic liver disease at the section of chemical pathology, department of ...


Concordance Between Clinical And Pathological Response Assessment After Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy In Patients With Invasive Lobular Carcinoma, Aisha Shaikh, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Shaista Khan, Romana Idress, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Saira Fatima Shaikh, Hira Waheed 2021 Aga Khan University

Concordance Between Clinical And Pathological Response Assessment After Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy In Patients With Invasive Lobular Carcinoma, Aisha Shaikh, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Shaista Khan, Romana Idress, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Saira Fatima Shaikh, Hira Waheed

Department of Surgery

Background: Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is frequently administered in breast carcinoma patients. The clinical response to NAC guides further treatment. The pathological response is not only an independent prognostic factor, but it also guides further treatment and prognosis.
Objectives: The aim of our study was to find the degree of concordance between clinical and pathological response assessments after NAC in Invasive lobular Carcinoma (ILC) cases by using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and different pathological systems, respectively. We also tried to identify any useful parameter of clinical assessment that could better correlate with pathologic assessment and provide a better estimation of ...


Metaplastic Breast Carcinoma: Clinicopathological Parameters And Prognostic Profile, Saroona Haroon, Shamail Zia, Umme Aiman Shirazi, Omer Ahmed, Ishaq Azeem Asghar, Asad Diwan, Anoshia Afzal, Muhammad Irfan, Syed Jawwad Ali, Atif A. Hashmi 2021 Sherwood Forest Hospitals, National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust, Ashfield, GBR.

Metaplastic Breast Carcinoma: Clinicopathological Parameters And Prognostic Profile, Saroona Haroon, Shamail Zia, Umme Aiman Shirazi, Omer Ahmed, Ishaq Azeem Asghar, Asad Diwan, Anoshia Afzal, Muhammad Irfan, Syed Jawwad Ali, Atif A. Hashmi

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Introduction: Metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC) is defined as breast cancer with a heterologous non-glandular component. MBC is considered a special type of breast cancer with a prognosis that is worse than invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast. MBC is the most common breast cancer with a triple-negative profile. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the clinicopathological parameters, recurrence and survival of MBC in our population.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study in the Department of Histopathology at Prince Faisal Oncology Centre, Buraidah, Saudi Arabia, over a period of five years. All cases diagnosed as MBC were included in ...


Intestinal Dysbiosis Disguised As A Rectal Fistula Treated With Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transplantation, Nicolina Scibelli, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor 2021 HCA Healthcare

Intestinal Dysbiosis Disguised As A Rectal Fistula Treated With Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transplantation, Nicolina Scibelli, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2021

No abstract provided.


Post Covid-19 Tuberculosis: An Emerging Threat Of Pandemic, Aqusa Zahid, Nousheen Iqbal, Sarosh Moeen, Muhammad Irfan 2021 Aga Khan University

Post Covid-19 Tuberculosis: An Emerging Threat Of Pandemic, Aqusa Zahid, Nousheen Iqbal, Sarosh Moeen, Muhammad Irfan

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) disease (COVID-19) pandemic has hit the world hard. Millions of people have died due to the infection and several have suffered with what are now known as post COVID-19 squeal. Among these squeals one is immunosuppression which leaves patients prone to severe opportunistic infection. We here report a case of young female who was infected by COVID-19 and later developed cavitary pneumonia which upon investigation turned out to be due to mycobacterium tuberculosis. Through this report we aim to highlight the importance of high index of suspicion for infection like Mycobacterium tuberculosis after ...


Determination Of Reference Interval (Ri) Of Spot Urinary Oxalate To Creatinine Ratio In Children Of Pakistani Origin Under Six Years Of Age: A Cross-Sectional Study, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Lena Jafri, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Hafsa Majid, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Aysha Habib Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

Determination Of Reference Interval (Ri) Of Spot Urinary Oxalate To Creatinine Ratio In Children Of Pakistani Origin Under Six Years Of Age: A Cross-Sectional Study, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Lena Jafri, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Hafsa Majid, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Aysha Habib Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The gold standard screening method of hyperoxaluria in children is using 24-hour urine collection. Urine collection may be cumbersome and challenging for children. Reference intervals (RI) of oxalate for the Pakistani population are not readily available. Therefore we aimed to determine the oxalate to creatinine ratio (Ox: Cr) for Pakistani children <6 years of age.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Khan University from June 2018 to October 2019. Random urine samples from apparently healthy children < 6 years were collected and stored at -30°C until analysis after adding 6M HCl. Oxalate was measured on Micro lab 300 using a kit based on oxalate oxidase principle, while creatinine was measured by kinetic Jaffe reaction. Data was analyzed by EP evaluator and SPSS 23. Ox: Cr ratio was calculated and reported with 90% confidence interval (CI) and interquartile range (IQR).
Results: The mean age of study subjects (n=120) was 29 ±22.3 months with an M: F ratio of 1:1. Children ...


Clinicopathological Features Of Craniopharyngioma: A 15-Year Study From A Tertiary Care Center In Pakistan, Saroona Haroon, Anoshia Afzal, Shamail Zia, Syed J. Ali, Fazail Zia, Farozaan Shamail, Muhammad Irfan, Atif A. Hashmi 2021 Aga Khan University

Clinicopathological Features Of Craniopharyngioma: A 15-Year Study From A Tertiary Care Center In Pakistan, Saroona Haroon, Anoshia Afzal, Shamail Zia, Syed J. Ali, Fazail Zia, Farozaan Shamail, Muhammad Irfan, Atif A. Hashmi

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Introduction: Craniopharyngiomas (CPs) are benign neoplasms and most common suprasellar tumors. They are more frequent in children, contributing to a significant number of intracranial tumors in the pediatric population and are thought to be arising either from the epithelial remnant cells of the craniopharyngeal duct or from the adenohypophysis epithelium. Two subtypes of CPs exist, namely, adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma (ACP) and papillary craniopharyngioma (PCP). ACP is more common in children with a relatively aggressive clinical course and more frequent relapses than PCP. The study objective was to evaluate the clinicopathological features of CP in our population.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective ...


Gastric Antral Diverticula: A Rare Diverticula With A Unique Presentation, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor, Chadley Froes 2021 HCA healthcare

Gastric Antral Diverticula: A Rare Diverticula With A Unique Presentation, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor, Chadley Froes

Gastroenterology

Gastric diverticula are the least common gastrointestinal diverticula. Patients can be diagnosed incidentally on EGD or present with variable symptoms such as abdominal fullness, anorexia, and perforation. Gastric diverticula can be acquired from malignancy, peptic ulcer disease, or prior surgery or be congenital. Treatment varies based on symptomatology ranging from conservative medical management with proton pump inhibitors to surgical treatment with open or laparoscopic resection. We present a case of a 73-year-old female with acquired gastric diverticulum presenting as a gastric outlet obstruction who was successfully treated with conservative medical therapy.


Impact Of Acute Exercise On Micrornas Related To Concussion Symptoms, Emily Work 2021 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Impact Of Acute Exercise On Micrornas Related To Concussion Symptoms, Emily Work

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Impact of acute exercise on microRNAs related to concussion symptoms

Concussions, or traumatic brain injury (TBI), are a serious medical problem affecting approximately 1.7 million people in the United States each year. Current tools for analysis of concussion include the Glasgow Coma Scale, SCAT5, computerized topography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), however, these tools are typically not indicative of the range and severity of symptoms a patient may experience. Recent studies have explored the use of microRNAs as a biomarker for TBI severity in patients who have already experienced a TBI. We seek to investigate the microRNA levels ...


Measurement In Health: Advancing Assessment Of Delirium, Benjamin K.I. Helfand 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Measurement In Health: Advancing Assessment Of Delirium, Benjamin K.I. Helfand

Morningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses

Rationale: Delirium is a serious, morbid condition affecting 2.6 million older Americans annually. A major problem plaguing delirium research is difficulty in identification, given a plethora of existing tools. The lack of consensus on key features and approaches has stymied progress in delirium research. The goal of this project was to use advanced measurement methods to improve delirium’s identification.

Aims and Findings:

(1) Determine the 4 most commonly used and well-validated instruments for delirium identification. Through a rigorous systematic review, I identified the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM), Delirium Observation Screening Scale (DOSS), Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98 (DRS-R-98), and Memorial ...


Food Insecurity Is Associated With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Cognitive Impairment, And Immune Activation In People Living With Hiv, Javier A. Tamargo 2021 Florida International University

Food Insecurity Is Associated With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Cognitive Impairment, And Immune Activation In People Living With Hiv, Javier A. Tamargo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Food insecurity (FI) is a socioeconomic condition characterized by inadequate access to enough food and nutrition to sustain health and wellbeing. Food insecurity is a risk factor for chronic and age-related conditions, raising concerns for the aging population of people living with HIV (PLWH), in whom food insecurity is disproportionately prevalent. PLWH are at increased risk of nutrition-related complications and chronic co-morbidities, thus food insecurity may exacerbate adverse health outcomes in this population. This study investigated whether food insecurity was associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), cognitive impairment, and immune activation among socioeconomically disadvantaged adults living with and without ...


Ovarian Seromucinous Tumors: Clinicopathological Features Of 10 Cases With A Detailed Review Of The Literature, Romana Idress, Nasir Ud Din, Sabeehuddin Siddique, Saira Fatima, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Zubair Ahmad 2021 Aga Khan University

Ovarian Seromucinous Tumors: Clinicopathological Features Of 10 Cases With A Detailed Review Of The Literature, Romana Idress, Nasir Ud Din, Sabeehuddin Siddique, Saira Fatima, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Zubair Ahmad

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The 2014 WHO Classification of ovarian neoplasms introduced a new entity of seromucinous tumors associated with endometriosis. These tumors encompassed a spectrum from benign to malignant and included seromucinous cystadenoma/ cystadenofibroma, seromucinous borderline tumor/atypical proliferative seromucinous tumor and seromucinous carcinoma. However, the 2020 WHO Classification of Female Genital Tumours removed seromucinous carcinomas as a distinct entity and recategorized them as Endometrioid carcinomas with mucinous differentiation. Here we describe clinico-morphologic features of seromucinous tumors recategorizing cases originally diagnosed as seromucinous carcinoma in light of 2020 WHO classification and present detailed review of literature.
Methods: Slides of seromucinous tumors were ...


Artificial Intelligence (Ai) In Medicine, Current Applications And Future Role With Special Emphasis On Its Potential And Promise In Pathology: Present And Future Impact, Obstacles Including Costs And Acceptance Among Pathologists, Practical And Philosophical Considerations. A Comprehensive Review, Zubair Ahmad, Shabina Rahim, Maha Zubair, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar 2021 Aga Khan University

Artificial Intelligence (Ai) In Medicine, Current Applications And Future Role With Special Emphasis On Its Potential And Promise In Pathology: Present And Future Impact, Obstacles Including Costs And Acceptance Among Pathologists, Practical And Philosophical Considerations. A Comprehensive Review, Zubair Ahmad, Shabina Rahim, Maha Zubair, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The role of Artificial intelligence (AI) which is defined as the ability of computers to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence is constantly expanding. Medicine was slow to embrace AI. However, the role of AI in medicine is rapidly expanding and promises to revolutionize patient care in the coming years. In addition, it has the ability to democratize high level medical care and make it accessible to all parts of the world.
Main text: Among specialties of medicine, some like radiology were relatively quick to adopt AI whereas others especially pathology (and surgical pathology in particular) are only ...


Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma: Clinicopathological Characteristics Of 8 Cases Of A Rare Vascular Tumor And Review Of Literature, Qurratulain Chundriger, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Arsalan Ahmed, Nasir Ud Din 2021 Aga Khan University

Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma: Clinicopathological Characteristics Of 8 Cases Of A Rare Vascular Tumor And Review Of Literature, Qurratulain Chundriger, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Arsalan Ahmed, Nasir Ud Din

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare vascular tumor of intermediate malignant potential which shows locally aggressive growth but only rarely metastasizes. It is mostly considered to be a tumor of pediatric population but its occurrence in the adults is not uncommon as once considered. Histologically, KHE can mimic other soft tissue neoplasms of different behaviors (e.g. Kaposi Sarcoma, hemangioma) and establishing the correct diagnosis is important for appropriate treatment. Herein, we describe the clinicopathological features of 8 cases of KHE which will be helpful in making their diagnosis.
Methods: We reviewed pathology reports, microscopy glass slides and obtained ...


Trends In The Magnitude Of Chronic Conditions In Patients Hospitalized With A First Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Ruben Miozzo, Joel M. Gore, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Darleen M. Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Edgard A. Granillo, Hawa Ozien Abu, Robert J. Goldberg 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Trends In The Magnitude Of Chronic Conditions In Patients Hospitalized With A First Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Ruben Miozzo, Joel M. Gore, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Darleen M. Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Edgard A. Granillo, Hawa Ozien Abu, Robert J. Goldberg

UMass Chan Medical School Faculty Publications

Background: Among adults with heart disease, there is a high prevalence of concomitant chronic medical conditions. We studied patients with a first acute myocardial infarction to describe: sample population characteristics; trends of the most prevalent pairs of chronic conditions; and differences in hospital management according to burden of these morbidities.

Methods and Results: Patients (n = 1,564) hospitalized with an incident AMI at the 3 major medical centers in central Massachusetts during 2005, 2011, and 2015 comprised the study population. Hospital medical records were reviewed to identify 11 more prevalent chronic conditions. The median age of this population was 68 ...


Female Genital Tuberculosis In Pakistan - A Retrospective Review Of 10-Year Laboratory Data And Analysis Of 32 Cases, Tazeen Fatima, Rumina Hasan, Faisal Malik, Imran Ahmed, Linda Alice Bartlett, Michael G. Gravett, Sadia Shakoor 2021 Aga Khan University

Female Genital Tuberculosis In Pakistan - A Retrospective Review Of 10-Year Laboratory Data And Analysis Of 32 Cases, Tazeen Fatima, Rumina Hasan, Faisal Malik, Imran Ahmed, Linda Alice Bartlett, Michael G. Gravett, Sadia Shakoor

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is an underobserved clinical entity owing to diagnostic challenges stemming from difficulty of obtaining diagnostic specimens and paucibacillary nature of the disease. Yet, FGTB is a cause of infertility, pelvic pain, or menstrual irregularities in high-burden countries. To assess laboratory and microbiology diagnostic utilization for FGTB in Pakistan, we have collected data from 2007 to 2016 to inform the need for improved laboratory diagnostics. The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of FGTB as culture-confirmed extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) and to describe the characteristics of women with culture-confirmed FGTB in a nationwide laboratory ...


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