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Childhood And Adolescent Obesity: Related Comorbidities And Interventions, Jasmine Wong 2022 Dominican University of California

Childhood And Adolescent Obesity: Related Comorbidities And Interventions, Jasmine Wong

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

The prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity in the United States has steadily risen over the years and has become a public health concern. Obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children and teens of the same age and sex. Obese children and adolescents are at risk for poor health and poor quality of life. Furthermore, there are numerous comorbidities associated with childhood and adolescent obesity. While some of the associated diseases are acute, others can become chronic and result in lifelong conditions.

Objective

The purpose of the present thesis is to explore ...


Understanding Intelligent Non-Adherence By Measuring The Differences In Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, And Behaviors Of Self-Care In Heart Failure Patients, Marco Mimbela 2022 Seton Hall University

Understanding Intelligent Non-Adherence By Measuring The Differences In Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, And Behaviors Of Self-Care In Heart Failure Patients, Marco Mimbela

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background and Purpose of the Study: Research shows that six in ten U.S. adults have a chronic disease and four in ten have two or more (CDC, 2018). Of all chronic diseases, heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization and mortality in the U.S. (Kilgore, Patel, Kielhorn, Maya, & Sharma, 2017). Luckily, this condition can be managed through various self-care practices. Although healthcare providers are educating their patients on these self-care practices, patients are making a conscious decision to non-adhere. This phenomenon is known as intelligent non-adherence and is mostly affected by an individual’s level of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. The purpose of this study is to understand intelligent non-adherence by measuring the differences in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of self-care in heart failure patients in hopes of acquiring crucial information for future use in the tailoring of heart failure self-care educational programs. Doing so by creating, validating, and utilizing a Principal Investigator survey instrument (SC-KABBINA).

Methods: This study utilized a quantitative methodology with a descriptive, exploratory, cross-sectional, and correlational research design to measure heart failure patients’ (ages 18-44 and 45-95) level of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. A sample of 343 of heart failure patients was attained for this study.

Results: As a whole, SC-KABBINA’s reliability was acceptable (Cronbach’s alpha α = .75). Individually, each of the four variables of SC-KABBINA, had a reliability ranging from unacceptable to excellent: Behaviors (α = .44), Attitudes (α = .55), Knowledge (α = .69), and Beliefs (α = .80).

Based on the descriptive statistics, heart failure patients’ (regardless of age) showed a high level of knowledge toward self-care, more favorable level of attitudes and beliefs, and were more prone to perform self-care behaviors; however, based on the inferential statistics (one-way ANOVA and linear regression), there was no significance found for any of the four dependent variables.

Conclusion: Although knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors have an impact on an individual’s level of intelligent non-adherence and self-care, there may have been other factors ...


Icsm 3rd Annual Scientific Meeting Plenary Lectures, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Icsm 3rd Annual Scientific Meeting Plenary Lectures

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


Icsm 3rd Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts For Oral Presentation, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Icsm 3rd Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts For Oral Presentation

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


Icsm 3rd Annual Scientific Meeting Scientific Programme, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Icsm 3rd Annual Scientific Meeting Scientific Programme

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


Icsm 3rd Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts For Poster Presentation, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Icsm 3rd Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts For Poster Presentation

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator: Clinical Performance Of Dual Chamber Versus Single Chamber Devices, KATHERINE FAN, KATHY LEE, ELAINE CHAU, ALEX YIP 2022 Cardiac Medical Unit, Grantham Hospital, and Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital

Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator: Clinical Performance Of Dual Chamber Versus Single Chamber Devices, Katherine Fan, Kathy Lee, Elaine Chau, Alex Yip

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has been accepted as primary therapy for patients with life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias. ICDs with dual chamber sensing and pacing capabilities are now available for better discrimination between supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias.


Drainage Of Pericardial Effusions: Percutaneous Or Surgical?, ALBERT WAI-SUEN LEUNG, NGAI-YIN CHAN, LEUNG-SING HO, WAI-CHO YU 2022 Cardiology Team & Respiratory Team, Department of Medicine and Geriatrics; Thoracic Surgical Unit, Department of Surgery, Princess Margaret Hospital

Drainage Of Pericardial Effusions: Percutaneous Or Surgical?, Albert Wai-Suen Leung, Ngai-Yin Chan, Leung-Sing Ho, Wai-Cho Yu

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

To review patients with pericardial drainage done for a period of 36 months, and to correlate the features with the choice of drainage mode.


Electrophysiologic Mechanism Of Conversion Of Atrial Fibrillation To Sinus Rhythm, KAZUO MOROE, TADAYUKI HIROKI, KEI MIYOSHI, TETSUSHI WAKIYAMA 2022 Chikushi Hospital, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan

Electrophysiologic Mechanism Of Conversion Of Atrial Fibrillation To Sinus Rhythm, Kazuo Moroe, Tadayuki Hiroki, Kei Miyoshi, Tetsushi Wakiyama

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

We investigated the validity of the circulating wavelet hypothesis as an explanation of the mechanism of termination of atrial fibrillation in 11 patients with atrial fibrillation.


Brachytherapy In The New Millennium Scientific Programme, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Brachytherapy In The New Millennium Scientific Programme

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


Tuberculous Pericarditis, Chun Kit Wong, Yeuk Chi Choi 2022 Hospital Authority Kowloon West Cluster

Tuberculous Pericarditis, Chun Kit Wong, Yeuk Chi Choi

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Tuberculous (TB) pericarditis, a severe extrapulmonary manifestation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is notorious for its challenging presentation. We report a case of effusive-constrictive pericarditis due to tuberculosis infection.


Right Atrial Mass With Inflow Obstruction In A Patient With Igg4-Related Disease, Shek Joyce, Wu Lok Yi, Wong Chun Kit, Lu Jianlin, Lam Wai Lung William, Mak Wai Man Vivien, Chan Ngai Yin 2022 Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital, HKSAR

Right Atrial Mass With Inflow Obstruction In A Patient With Igg4-Related Disease, Shek Joyce, Wu Lok Yi, Wong Chun Kit, Lu Jianlin, Lam Wai Lung William, Mak Wai Man Vivien, Chan Ngai Yin

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Cardiac tumour is a rare cause of heart failure. We report a case of right atrial mass found in a patient with known immunoglobulinG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), who presented with right heart failure, renal impairment and thrombocytopenia. Multimodal investigations were performed to reach the diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with cardiac involvement. Chemotherapy was initiated in an attempt for disease control. We highlight the potential link between IgG4-related disease and lymphoma.


Cardiac Involvement Related To Covid-19 Infection And Vaccination In Children And Adolescents – Hong Kong’S Perspective, Sabrina Tsao, Gilbert T. Chua, Mike YW Kwan, Ian Chi Kei Wong, Kelvin Kai Wang To, Janette Kwok, Bill H Chan, Joshua Sung Chih Wong, Patrick Ip, Yu Lung Lau 2022 Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, The University of Hong Kong

Cardiac Involvement Related To Covid-19 Infection And Vaccination In Children And Adolescents – Hong Kong’S Perspective, Sabrina Tsao, Gilbert T. Chua, Mike Yw Kwan, Ian Chi Kei Wong, Kelvin Kai Wang To, Janette Kwok, Bill H Chan, Joshua Sung Chih Wong, Patrick Ip, Yu Lung Lau

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Myocarditis and Pericarditis have many virological and immunological causes. This article described the SARS-CoV involvement to the heart in children and adolescents, also the entity Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C), a rare but severe consequence of SARS-CoV2 infection. Hong Kong case definition of MIS-C was listed. The consensus from overseas experts was that MIS-C should be managed by multidisciplinary team with a structured long-term follow-up to monitor the functioning of various organs and ascertain the prognosis. The side effect mRNA vaccination causing myocarditis and pericarditis is also concern of paediatricians worldwide. Hong Kong published local epidemiology of acute myocarditis ...


The Utility Of Has-Bled Score In Predicting The Bleeding Risk Of Atrial Fibrillation Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Receiving Anticoagulation And Dual Anti-Platelet Therapy: A Single Center Retrospective Cohort Study, Luk Yin Cheung Adrian, Chan Chi Lin Jaclyn 2022 Department of Medicine and Geriatrics Kwong Wah Hospital

The Utility Of Has-Bled Score In Predicting The Bleeding Risk Of Atrial Fibrillation Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Receiving Anticoagulation And Dual Anti-Platelet Therapy: A Single Center Retrospective Cohort Study, Luk Yin Cheung Adrian, Chan Chi Lin Jaclyn

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Background The Hypertension, Abnormal renal/liver function, Stroke, Bleeding history or predisposition, Labile international normalized ratio, Elderly and Drugs/alcohol (HAS-BLED) score is a validated bleeding risk prediction tool in patients with atrial fibrillation taking oral anticoagulation. Its predictive value in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention receiving combination of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy is unknown. This retrospective cohort study sought to validate the accuracy of HAS-BLED score in predicting the bleeding risk in patients with atrial fibrillation who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention receiving both anticoagulation and dual antiplatelet therapy. Method We calculated HAS-BLED score in 186 patients ...


Prognostic Nutritional Index As A Predictor Of Prognosis In Patients With Chronic Limb Threatening Ischemia Who Underwent Endovascular Revascularization Therapy, Wai Kin Chi, GM Tan, Bryan PY Yan 2022 Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital

Prognostic Nutritional Index As A Predictor Of Prognosis In Patients With Chronic Limb Threatening Ischemia Who Underwent Endovascular Revascularization Therapy, Wai Kin Chi, Gm Tan, Bryan Py Yan

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) have poor prognosis. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is an established independent predictor of adverse outcome in various chronic illnesses. The use of PNI in patients with CLTI has not been studied.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of PNI on 12-month adverse cardiovascular and limb outcomes in CLTI patients after endovascular revascularization therapy (ERT).

METHODS: 270 consecutive patients with CLTI (mean age 73.7±11.9 years; 53% male) who underwent ERT at a single tertiary referral hospital between January 2009 and October 2016 were prospectively enrolled and analyzed. Patients were grouped by ...


Usefulness Of Computed Tomography Parameters In Predicting The Clinical Outcomes Of Acute Aortic Dissection, Eleanor Wei Sze LEE, Kwok Hin YIU, Willis Chun Wai LAM, Cyrus Yiu Kwan KO, Sung Yee WONG, Kin Wing CHAN 2022 Department of Medicine, North District Hospital

Usefulness Of Computed Tomography Parameters In Predicting The Clinical Outcomes Of Acute Aortic Dissection, Eleanor Wei Sze Lee, Kwok Hin Yiu, Willis Chun Wai Lam, Cyrus Yiu Kwan Ko, Sung Yee Wong, Kin Wing Chan

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Background

Acute aortic dissection is a potentially life-threatening condition among patients presenting with chest pain to emergency department. Without a prompt diagnosis and treatment, it carries high mortality and morbidity. Computed tomography (CT) of thorax and abdomen is one of the commonly used non-invasive investigation modalities for diagnosis of acute aortic dissection. Apart from making a diagnosis, there are a number of parameters in the CT images that may be helpful in providing prognostic information. In this study, prognostic values of these parameters in predicting both short term and intermediate term clinical outcomes of acute aortic dissection will be evaluated ...


Effect Of Low Body Mass Index In Outcome Of Micra Leadless Pacemaker Implantation, Mark Tsz Kin TAM, Anna Kin Yin CHAN, Alex Chi Kin Au, Lily CHEUNG, Gary Chin Pang Chan, Joseph Yat Sun Chan 2022 Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Effect Of Low Body Mass Index In Outcome Of Micra Leadless Pacemaker Implantation, Mark Tsz Kin Tam, Anna Kin Yin Chan, Alex Chi Kin Au, Lily Cheung, Gary Chin Pang Chan, Joseph Yat Sun Chan

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Background

Implantation of Micra transcatheter pacing system (TPS) requires introduction of a large caliber delivery catheter into patient’s venous system and right heart. While the investigational device exemption study population had a mean body mass index (BMI) of 27.6kg/m2, implantation outcome in patients with small body size requires further investigation. This study sort to evaluate the effect of low BMI in outcome of Micra TPS implantation Method

Consecutive patients undergoing Micra TPS implantation between 19 September 2015 and 24 May 2018 in a single tertiary referral center were studied. Procedure efficacy outcome was defined as successful implantation ...


The Risk Is Small: Implant Complications Of Leadless Pacemakers Are Related To Body Size, Chu-Pak Lau 2022 Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, the University of Hong Kong,

The Risk Is Small: Implant Complications Of Leadless Pacemakers Are Related To Body Size, Chu-Pak Lau

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


Is Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Effective At Controlling Hypertension In African American Patients? A Clin-Iq, Rebecca Nye, Wilhelm Lehmann, Deborah Simpson 2022 TRIUMPH Program, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Is Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Effective At Controlling Hypertension In African American Patients? A Clin-Iq, Rebecca Nye, Wilhelm Lehmann, Deborah Simpson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

African Americans are disproportionately affected by hypertension, a modifiable contributor to multiple chronic diseases and premature death. Primary care physicians play an important role in hypertension control. Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) is an evidence-based method for confirming diagnosis and monitoring hypertension over time. Some studies have found that HBPM may lead to clinically relevant reductions in blood pressure when combined with additional interventions, but few studies have focused specifically on African American populations. Evidence of effectiveness could increase clinical recommendation of HBPM. This clinical inquiry examined whether HBPM improves blood pressure control in African Americans with uncontrolled hypertension. Reviewed ...


Project Ankle-Brachial Index: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Peripheral Artery Disease Protocol, Melaney Banks 2022 Jacksonville State University

Project Ankle-Brachial Index: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Peripheral Artery Disease Protocol, Melaney Banks

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing or blocking of the arteries due to plaque buildup, which prevents oxygen, blood, and other nutrients from getting to the legs. When this buildup reaches a certain point, it becomes atherosclerosis, which is more prevalent in a smoker. Smoking intensifies the problem of plaque buildup if an individual already suffers from PAD. When an individual smokes, the nicotine causes the arteries to constrict and narrow, reducing blood flow further. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a simple, cost-effective diagnostic test to identify the presence of PAD which will improve patient outcomes.

Purpose: This ...


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