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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening And Surveillance – Can We Do Better? A Qi Project, Hassan Saeed, Hania Liaqat, Vidisha Master, Binita Neupane 2024 Rochester Regional Health System

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening And Surveillance – Can We Do Better? A Qi Project, Hassan Saeed, Hania Liaqat, Vidisha Master, Binita Neupane

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Abstract

Background:

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has a global prevalence of about 5% and its first presentation can be acute and fatal. USPSTF recommends one time screening for men aged 65 to 75 years who have ever smoked. We designed a study to evaluate the effect of resident education on AAA screening ordered in our outpatient primary care clinic.

Methods:

All men aged 65 to 75 years of age attending appointments in the resident run clinic were included in the study. Pre-intervention data was collected retrospectively for 5 weeks which included patient demographics and the rates of appropriate AAA screening …


Reply To: Correlation Between Right Ventricular Echocardiography Measurements And Functional Capacity In Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Annalisa Caputo, Gianmarco Scoccia 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Reply To: Correlation Between Right Ventricular Echocardiography Measurements And Functional Capacity In Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Annalisa Caputo, Gianmarco Scoccia

The Texas Heart Institute Journal

No abstract provided.


Postoperative Bioactive Adrenomedullin Is Associated With The Onset Of Ards And Adverse Outcomes In Patients Undergoing Open Thoracoabdominal Aortic Surgery, Panagiotis Doukas, Oliver Hartmann, Jelle Frankort, Birte Arlt, Hanif Krabbe, Michael Johan Jacobs, Andreas Greiner, Jan Paul Frese, Alexander Gombert 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Postoperative Bioactive Adrenomedullin Is Associated With The Onset Of Ards And Adverse Outcomes In Patients Undergoing Open Thoracoabdominal Aortic Surgery, Panagiotis Doukas, Oliver Hartmann, Jelle Frankort, Birte Arlt, Hanif Krabbe, Michael Johan Jacobs, Andreas Greiner, Jan Paul Frese, Alexander Gombert

Journal Articles

Cytokine-mediated systemic inflammation after open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repairs plays a pivotal role in disrupting circulatory homeostasis, potentially leading to organ dysfunction. The bioactive form of adrenomedullin (bio-ADM) is a peptide hormone with immunomodulatory and vasomotor effects, making it a potential diagnostic agent in these cases. This retrospective, bicentric study, conducted between January 2019 and December 2022, recruited 36 elective open TAAA repair patients in two German centres. Serum and plasma samples were collected at multiple time points to measure bio-ADM levels. The primary objective was to evaluate the association of bio-ADM levels with the onset of acute respiratory …


Statin Utilization And Cardiovascular Outcomes In A Real-World Primary Prevention Cohort Of Older Adults, Aaron J. Walker, Jianhui Zhu, Floyd Thoma, Oscar Marroquin, Amber Makani, Martha Gulati, Eugenia Gianos, Salim S. Virani, Fatima Rodriguez, Steven E. Reis, Christie Ballantyne 2024 Florida State University College of Medicine, United States

Statin Utilization And Cardiovascular Outcomes In A Real-World Primary Prevention Cohort Of Older Adults, Aaron J. Walker, Jianhui Zhu, Floyd Thoma, Oscar Marroquin, Amber Makani, Martha Gulati, Eugenia Gianos, Salim S. Virani, Fatima Rodriguez, Steven E. Reis, Christie Ballantyne

Office of the Provost

Background: Statins are a cost-effective therapy for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Guidelines on statins for primary prevention are unclear for older adults (>75 years).
Objective: Investigate statin utility in older adults without ASCVD events, by risk stratifying in a large healthcare network.
Methods: We included 8,114 older adults, without CAD, PVD or ischemic stroke. Statin utilization based on ACC/AHA 10-year ASCVD risk calculation, was evaluated in intermediate (7.5%-19.9%) and high-risk patients (≥ 20%); and categorized using low and 'moderate or high' intensity statins with a follow up period of ∼7 years. Cox regression models were used to …


Polymer-Based Drug-Eluting Stent Treatment Extends The Time To Reintervention For Patients With Symptomatic Femoropopliteal Artery Disease: Clinical Evidence And Potential Economic Value, William Gray, Yoshimitsu Soga, Masahiko Fujihara, Osamu Iida, Anvar Babaev, Daizo Kawasaki, Thomas Zeller, David O'Connor, Michael Jaff, Anna Chavez, Stefan Müller-Hülsbeck 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Polymer-Based Drug-Eluting Stent Treatment Extends The Time To Reintervention For Patients With Symptomatic Femoropopliteal Artery Disease: Clinical Evidence And Potential Economic Value, William Gray, Yoshimitsu Soga, Masahiko Fujihara, Osamu Iida, Anvar Babaev, Daizo Kawasaki, Thomas Zeller, David O'Connor, Michael Jaff, Anna Chavez, Stefan Müller-Hülsbeck

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Aim: Use long-term follow-up data from the IMPERIAL study to determine whether drug-eluting polymer-based nitinol stent treatment can delay the time to repeat intervention for femoropopliteal artery disease and how such a delay may result in cost savings in a value-based episode of care. Patients & methods: The IMPERIAL randomized controlled trial was an international study of a paclitaxel-eluting polymer-coated stent (Eluvia, Boston Scientific, MA, USA) versus a polymer-free paclitaxel-coated stent (Zilver PTX, Cook Corporation, IN, USA) for treating lesions of the femoropopliteal arterial segment. Study patients (n = 465) had symptomatic lower limb ischemia. Safety and efficacy assessments were …


Adaptations And Transformations: Perceptions Of Change In Academic Motivation, Resilience, And Covid-19 Stress, Ella V. Gregorio 2024 City University of New York (CUNY)

Adaptations And Transformations: Perceptions Of Change In Academic Motivation, Resilience, And Covid-19 Stress, Ella V. Gregorio

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Of concern to educators, post-COVID-19 assessments have revealed significant achievement gaps in student performance, as well as significant decreases in adolescent mental health. Less is known about changes in achievement motivation. Here we ask how students perceive their own motivation and whether it changed between “before” the pandemic to the present (Fall 2022 - Spring 2023), about three years after the beginning of the pandemic when many school routines were returning to “normal.” To understand how variance in these perceived changes might be related to pandemic-related stressors, trait resilience, and current mental health, we conducted a large survey study (N …


Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (Bcvi): Universal Cta Neck Screening At Level 2 Trauma Center, Tamine Gogel 2024 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (Bcvi): Universal Cta Neck Screening At Level 2 Trauma Center, Tamine Gogel

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (BCVI) refers to injuries to the vessels supplying blood to the brain, primarily carotid and vertebral arteries, and can result from trauma, resulting in stroke by vessel dissection, thrombus formation, embolization, and hemorrhage. Timely identification is crucial for effective intervention and improved outcomes. This doctoral project proposes the implementation of universal screening using Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) of the neck during initial workup for blunt force trauma at a Level II ACS-verified trauma center. The primary objective is to mitigate potential delays in diagnosing and treating BCVI, thereby reducing the likelihood of complications. Patients ≥ 15 years …


Vascular Risk Profile And Changes Of Arterial Hypertension After Surgical Revascularization In Adult Moyamoya Patients, Patrick Haas, Lucas Moritz Wiggenhauser, Jonas Tellermann, Helene Hurth, Daniel Feucht, Marcos Tatagiba, Nadia Khan, Constantin Roder 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Vascular Risk Profile And Changes Of Arterial Hypertension After Surgical Revascularization In Adult Moyamoya Patients, Patrick Haas, Lucas Moritz Wiggenhauser, Jonas Tellermann, Helene Hurth, Daniel Feucht, Marcos Tatagiba, Nadia Khan, Constantin Roder

Journal Articles

Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare stenoocclusive cerebral vasculopathy often treated by neurosurgical revascularization using extracranial-intracranial bypasses to prevent ischemic or hemorrhagic events. Little is known about the vascular risk profile of adult MMD patients compared to the general population. We therefore analyzed 133 adult MMD patients and compared them with data from more than 22,000 patients from the German Health Update database. Patients with MMD showed an age- and sex-adjusted increased prevalence of arterial hypertension, especially in women between 30 and 44 years and in patients of both sexes between 45 and 64 years. Diabetes mellitus was diagnosed significantly …


Perceptions Of Metabolic Syndrome Management Utilization In Relation To Patient Experience And Health-Related Quality Of Life, Olajide Adekunle, Jon C. Schommer, Yun Wang, Ismaeel Yunusa, Marc L. Fleming, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Lawrence M. Brown 2024 Chapman University

Perceptions Of Metabolic Syndrome Management Utilization In Relation To Patient Experience And Health-Related Quality Of Life, Olajide Adekunle, Jon C. Schommer, Yun Wang, Ismaeel Yunusa, Marc L. Fleming, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Lawrence M. Brown

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

One factor for the poor health outcomes among adult people with metabolic syndrome (MetS) is poor utilization of disease management resources, which may be attributable to prior experience with pharmacists (PEwP) and perceptions of disease management resource utilization (PMU). Therefore, understanding patients' experience could be critical to improving their perceptions and promoting health outcomes.

Objectives

The study explored the influence of PEwP and PMU on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people with MetS.

Methods

Data on perceptions of healthcare, medication, and pharmacy services utilization, PEwP, and HRQoL were collected using validated tools via an electronic survey. Chi-square …


Atrial Fibrillation, Julianna G. Perritt, Jennifer Goldsberry 2024 Georgia College & State University

Atrial Fibrillation, Julianna G. Perritt, Jennifer Goldsberry

The Corinthian

Atrial fibrillation, also known as A-Fib or AF, is a cardiovascular abnormality that is characterized by an abnormal heart rhythm or muscle contractions in the atria. These abnormalities are a result of disorganized electrical impulses. AF has various causes including, but not limited to, hypertension (HTN), heart surgery, thyroid disorders, heart defects, and acute alcohol ingestion. Persons with AF are often asymptomatic; however, some patients report heart palpitations, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and lightheadedness. A review of literature was conducted in order to determine the availability of risk factors, patient education, and treatment of AF.


A Case Of Incidental Left Ventricular Aneurysm, Sacide S. Ozgur, Yezin Shamoon, Rachel Abboud, Atul Prakash, Fayez Shamoon 2024 St. Joseph’s University Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, 703 Main St, Paterson, NJ 07503

A Case Of Incidental Left Ventricular Aneurysm, Sacide S. Ozgur, Yezin Shamoon, Rachel Abboud, Atul Prakash, Fayez Shamoon

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Post MI left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) may be incidental, yet it presents potential risks such as heart failure, arrhythmias, thromboembolism. Monitoring and vigilant follow-up are essential to promptly identify LVA in patients with risk factors.


Physicians' Perspective On Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Closure In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation And Chronic Kidney Disease In Pakistan, Rubaiqa Khan, Malik Faisal Iftikhar, Naveed Hussain, Waleed Abbasi, Jahanzeb Malik, Waheed Akhtar, Amin Mehmoodi, Muhammad Awais 2024 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cardiovascular Analytics Group, Islamabad, Pakistan

Physicians' Perspective On Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Closure In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation And Chronic Kidney Disease In Pakistan, Rubaiqa Khan, Malik Faisal Iftikhar, Naveed Hussain, Waleed Abbasi, Jahanzeb Malik, Waheed Akhtar, Amin Mehmoodi, Muhammad Awais

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

This study, conducted in Pakistan, examines the perspectives of 1200 physicians across diverse specialties regarding Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion (LAAO) procedures for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Using a random sampling approach, physicians participated in a survey that assessed their familiarity with LAAO, views on its effectiveness and safety, experience levels, and encountered challenges. The results unveil a spectrum of knowledge levels among physicians, reinforcing the need for tailored medical education and training programs. The majority of patients were between 30 and 49 years old (59.8%). A notable proportion, 33.3%, had limited or no knowledge of …


Heart Transplantation In A Patient With Rheumatic Heart Disease And Severe Left Atrial Calcification, Kyungsub Song, Seonhwa Lee, Yun Seok Kim 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Heart Transplantation In A Patient With Rheumatic Heart Disease And Severe Left Atrial Calcification, Kyungsub Song, Seonhwa Lee, Yun Seok Kim

The Texas Heart Institute Journal

A 62-year-old woman who had undergone mitral valve replacement 24 years ago was admitted to the hospital with congestive heart failure. She needed heart transplantation for stage D heart failure. Preoperative cardiac computed tomographic scans showed a severely calcified left atrium and a large right atrium. Given that the left atrium's calcification was too severe to suture, the calcified left atrial wall was broadly resected, and the resected left atrial wall was reconstructed with a bovine pericardial patch for anastomosis with the donor's left atrial wall. The operation was completed without heavy bleeding, and the patient was discharged from the …


Prevalence Of Cardiovascular Conditions After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Comparison Between The Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems And The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, Shanti Pinto, Bhaskar Thakur, Raj Kumar, Amanda Rabinowitz, Ross Zafonte, William C Walker, Kan Ding, Simon Driver, Umesh Venkatesan, Gilbert Moralez, Kathleen Bell 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Prevalence Of Cardiovascular Conditions After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Comparison Between The Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems And The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, Shanti Pinto, Bhaskar Thakur, Raj Kumar, Amanda Rabinowitz, Ross Zafonte, William C Walker, Kan Ding, Simon Driver, Umesh Venkatesan, Gilbert Moralez, Kathleen Bell

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to compare the prevalence of self-reported cardiovascular conditions among individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) to a propensity-matched control cohort.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study described self-reported cardiovascular conditions (hypertension, congestive heart failure [CHF], myocardial infarction [MI], and stroke) from participants who completed interviews between January 2015 and March 2020 in 2 harmonized large cohort studies, the TBI Model Systems and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Mixed-effect logistic regression models were used to compare the prevalence of cardiovascular conditions after 1:1 propensity-score matching based on age, sex, …


Patient-Centered Preimplant Education Session And Bi-Weekly Text Message Adherence Reminders In Patients With A Newly Implanted Cardiomems® Device: A Quality Improvement Study, Elizabeth M. Miller, Alicia Abboud, Audrey Cooper 2024 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Patient-Centered Preimplant Education Session And Bi-Weekly Text Message Adherence Reminders In Patients With A Newly Implanted Cardiomems® Device: A Quality Improvement Study, Elizabeth M. Miller, Alicia Abboud, Audrey Cooper

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects: College of Nursing

Rationale

Heart failure is a deadly disease, affecting over 6.2 million individuals and costing the United States an estimated 30.7 billion dollars (Virani et al., 2020). By 2023, heart failure costs in the United States are estimated to grow to 70 billion dollars with 75-80% of these costs attributed to inpatient hospitalizations (Heidereich et al., 2022). The CardioMEMs® is a small device placed in the patient’s pulmonary artery via a minimally invasive procedure by an interventional cardiologist. The use of remote patient data from the CardioMEMs® device has been shown to reduce hospital re-admissions, facilitate tailored medication management, detect increased …


Implementing A Standardized Protocol For Early Detection Of Undiagnosed Hypertension Patients, Jenscena Hansen, Chris Bell 2024 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Implementing A Standardized Protocol For Early Detection Of Undiagnosed Hypertension Patients, Jenscena Hansen, Chris Bell

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects: College of Nursing

Introduction: Hypertension is a preventable disease that frequently goes unrecognized and undertreated. Early diagnosis can prevent further comorbidities such as heart disease, stroke, and chronic kidney disease. Implementation of this protocol aims to decrease the number of patients with undiagnosed hypertension and increase the identification of patients with elevated blood pressure who did not have a pre-existing diagnosis of hypertension. The goal of implementing a standardized protocol would help eliminate the number of patients who go undiagnosed.

Methods: This quality improvement design had clinical staff flag patients with elevated blood pressure. Identified patients without a diagnosis of hypertension were educated …


Is There An Association Between Living In A Rural Area And The Incidence Of Postoperative Complications Or Hospital Readmissions Following Left Ventricular Assist Device (Lvad) Implantation, Compared To Urban Lvad Recipients?, Samrat Gollapudi, Abhiram Gollapudi, Srinidhi Banala, Sheraj Singh, Bhaumik Patel 2024 Rowan University

Is There An Association Between Living In A Rural Area And The Incidence Of Postoperative Complications Or Hospital Readmissions Following Left Ventricular Assist Device (Lvad) Implantation, Compared To Urban Lvad Recipients?, Samrat Gollapudi, Abhiram Gollapudi, Srinidhi Banala, Sheraj Singh, Bhaumik Patel

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Background: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are utilized as a therapeutic option for patients with end-stage heart failure. While LVAD implantation can significantly improve survival rates and quality of life, the procedure is not without risks, and postoperative complications are common. This review aims to investigate whether there is an association between living in a rural area and the incidence of postoperative complications or hospital readmissions following LVAD implantation, compared to urban LVAD recipients.

Methods: A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted, examining studies that compared postoperative outcomes between rural and urban LVAD recipients. Data were extracted on adverse …


Effects Of Obesity On Patients Undergoing Cardiomems Procedure: Retrospective Cohort Study, Tony Elias, Mena Elmalh, Priya Brahmbhatt, Kyrillos Girgis, Taha Syed, Michael Valderrama, Rafail Beshai 2024 Rowan University

Effects Of Obesity On Patients Undergoing Cardiomems Procedure: Retrospective Cohort Study, Tony Elias, Mena Elmalh, Priya Brahmbhatt, Kyrillos Girgis, Taha Syed, Michael Valderrama, Rafail Beshai

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

★ Remote hemodynamic monitoring (CardioMEMs) is becoming increasingly important for management of chronic heart failure patients.

★ There is limited data looking specifically for obese patients who undergo CardioMEMs implantation.

★ We sought to examine the national inpatient sample database to describe in-hospital outcomes for this demographic


Sex Differences In Outcomes Among Patients With High-Output Heart Failure: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Tony Elias, Mena Elmalh, Priya Brahmbhatt, Kyrillos Girgis, Taha Syed, Michael Valderrama, Rafail Beshai 2024 Rowan University

Sex Differences In Outcomes Among Patients With High-Output Heart Failure: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Tony Elias, Mena Elmalh, Priya Brahmbhatt, Kyrillos Girgis, Taha Syed, Michael Valderrama, Rafail Beshai

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

❖ There is limited data specifically looking for sex differences in patients with high output heart failure (HOHF).

❖ We sought to examine the national inpatient sample database to describe in-hospital outcomes among female patients.


Clinical Outcomes For Impella Patients Associated With Hyperlipidemia: An Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Tony Elias, Sonika Vatsa, Kyrillos Gamal, Taha Syed, Rafail Beshai 2024 Rowan University

Clinical Outcomes For Impella Patients Associated With Hyperlipidemia: An Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Tony Elias, Sonika Vatsa, Kyrillos Gamal, Taha Syed, Rafail Beshai

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

The Impella, a ventricular assist device, is crucial for managing severe heart failure and cardiogenic shock. Despite its widespread use, there's scant information on how hyperlipidemia affects Impella patients. To address this gap, we delved into the National Inpatient Sample Database from 2019 and 2020. Our aim was to scrutinize in-hospital outcomes among these patients. We identified 8233 Impella patients, among whom 1012 (12.3%) had hyperlipidemia. Those with hyperlipidemia displayed higher rates of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and chronic kidney disease compared to their counterparts without hyperlipidemia. Shockingly, in-hospital mortality was notably elevated in the hyperlipidemia group, emphasizing its clinical significance. …


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