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Recurrent Cyanotic Spells In An Octogenarian, Chin Tong Kwok, Chun Kit Wong 2023 Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong

Recurrent Cyanotic Spells In An Octogenarian, Chin Tong Kwok, Chun Kit Wong

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

We report rare case of an octogenarian who, after years of diagnostic delay, was found to have a patent foramen ovale, and due to an ascending aortic aneurysm that anatomically facilitated right-to-left shunt, presenting with life-threatening cyanotic attacks. The characteristic orthodeoxia-platypnea syndrome and high alveolar arterial gradient hint to the diagnosis. She was eventually treated successfully with urgent percutaneous PFO closure. Routine ordering of a transthoracic echocardiogram, without agitated saline injection under provocation maneuvers, may not be sufficient to rule out shunts.


Roles Of Exercise Treadmill Test In The Diagnosis & Risk Stratification Of Cardiac Channelopathies, Kit Chan 2023 Pro-Care Heart Clinic

Roles Of Exercise Treadmill Test In The Diagnosis & Risk Stratification Of Cardiac Channelopathies, Kit Chan

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Channelopathies are the leading causes of SCD in patients without structural heart disease. Missing the diagnosis of high-risk but concealed channelopathies could have lethal clinical consequences. However, the diagnosis of channelopathies is often challenging due to the dynamic clinical presentations and elusive ECG manifestations of these diseases. An integrated approach including clinical assessment, repeated electrocardiography, drug provocation tests, exercise stress test and genetic studies is often required for establishing the diagnosis. Pharmacological provocation tests may have limited sensitivity and may be associated with false positive results. Wide-spread use of genetic studies are limited by low yield, cost-effectiveness and availability issue. …


Retrospective Observational Study Comparing Two Reperfusion Strategies In Patients With Acute Stemi Presenting Outside Office Hours, Derek Pok-Him Lee, Kam-Tim Chan, Michael Kang-Yin Lee, Eric Chi-Yuen Wong 2023 Divison of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong

Retrospective Observational Study Comparing Two Reperfusion Strategies In Patients With Acute Stemi Presenting Outside Office Hours, Derek Pok-Him Lee, Kam-Tim Chan, Michael Kang-Yin Lee, Eric Chi-Yuen Wong

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Introduction : A pilot cluster-based 24-hour PPCI service in a phased expansion program was launched in October 2018. This study aimed to compare the 30-day mortality and major bleeding event in acute STEMI patients presenting outside office hours who received historical thrombolytic therapy and PPCI under the newly implemented 24-hour service model. Methods and results : A single center retrospective study was conducted on consecutive STEMI patients presenting outside office hours, who received urgent thrombolytic therapy or PPCI between 2016-2019. The primary endpoints were 30-day mortality and major bleeding event. The secondary endpoints were thrombolytic failure rate and hospital length …


The Impact Of Renal Insufficiency Upon Admission On The Clinical Outcome Of Patients With Acute St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Wai Lun KWONG, Kwok Ho YAU, Eugene SIN, Kwok Keung CHAN 2023 Department of Medicine, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital

The Impact Of Renal Insufficiency Upon Admission On The Clinical Outcome Of Patients With Acute St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Wai Lun Kwong, Kwok Ho Yau, Eugene Sin, Kwok Keung Chan

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Background: Coronary artery disease is common in patients with renal insufficiency. In acute coronary syndrome, impaired renal function is present in approximately 30-40% of patients and is associated with worse prognosis. Local data regarding the risks and benefits for those patients suffering from acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is scarce. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of patients suffering from STEMI with and without renal insufficiency upon admission who underwent PPCI.

Methods: From 1st January 2009 to 30th September 2017, all patients with STEMI treated with PPCI were identified. The primary …


Pneumococcal Vaccine Guidance 2022, Bona Shin, Michael Do, Elaina Lioudis 2022 Pharmacy Department, Reading Hospital-Tower Health, West Reading, PA

Pneumococcal Vaccine Guidance 2022, Bona Shin, Michael Do, Elaina Lioudis

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

PCV15 and PCV20 received FDA approval in 2021. This article provides an overview of all pneumococcal vaccines - PPSV23, PCV13, PCV15, and PCV20 and their place in therapy. It provides a summary of pneumococcal disease burden in the U.S., vaccine spectrum of activity, indications, adult/pediatric dosing schedules, efficacy, and common adverse drug reactions.


Noninvasive Quantification Of Tissue Sodium Concentration In The Kidney Disease Spectrum Using 23na Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Fabio R. Salerno 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Noninvasive Quantification Of Tissue Sodium Concentration In The Kidney Disease Spectrum Using 23na Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Fabio R. Salerno

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially when requiring kidney replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD)), is associated with extracellular water expansion with increased total body sodium. Sodium can also be accumulated in tissues independently of extracellular water. Sodium-23 magnetic resonance imaging (23Na MRI) can quantify the concentration of sodium nuclei in tissues. Applied to the human leg, quantification of tissue sodium concentrations mainly at the skin and muscle level is possible. We hypothesized that increased tissue sodium concentrations exert toxic effects in CKD and dialysis. We aimed to (1) compare tissue sodium concentrations in adults, children and …


Partial Outpatient Oral Antibiotic Treatment Of Infective Endocarditis Is Non-Inferior To Inpatient Intravenous Antibiotic Therapy, Nicholas J. Murphy 2022 Wayne State University

Partial Outpatient Oral Antibiotic Treatment Of Infective Endocarditis Is Non-Inferior To Inpatient Intravenous Antibiotic Therapy, Nicholas J. Murphy

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Iversen K, Ihlemann N, Gill SU, et al. Partial Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotic Treatment of Endocarditis. N Engl J Med. 2019; 380:415-424. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1808312

for a patient with infective endocarditis and intravenous drug use with desire to leave the hospital.


A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed 2022 California State University, San Bernardino

A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for people around the world today. Diagnosis for various forms of heart disease can be detected with numerous medical tests, however, predicting heart disease without such tests is very difficult. Machine learning can help process medical big data and provide hidden knowledge which otherwise would not be possible with the naked eye. The aim of this project is to explore how machine learning algorithms can be used in predicting heart disease by building an optimized model. The research questions are; 1) What Machine learning algorithms are used in the diagnosis of heart …


Childhood And Adolescent Obesity: Related Comorbidities And Interventions, Jasmine Wong 2022 Dominican University of California

Childhood And Adolescent Obesity: Related Comorbidities And Interventions, Jasmine Wong

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

The prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity in the United States has steadily risen over the years and has become a public health concern. Obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children and teens of the same age and sex. Obese children and adolescents are at risk for poor health and poor quality of life. Furthermore, there are numerous comorbidities associated with childhood and adolescent obesity. While some of the associated diseases are acute, others can become chronic and result in lifelong conditions.

Objective

The purpose of the present thesis is to explore …


Weekly Telehealth Weigh-In For Bmi Reduction, Kelly Ahmad 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Weekly Telehealth Weigh-In For Bmi Reduction, Kelly Ahmad

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: The citizens of the United States are known for being overweight or obese. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2021) reported that approximately 74% of adults are either overweight or obese. PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was In overweight adults (P), does telemonitoring weekly for counseling and weigh-in (I) compared to current practice (C) decrease BMI over an 8-week period of time (T)? Evidence: The citizens of the United States are known for being overweight or obese. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2021) reported that approximately 74% of …


Patient Care Management Of Hypertension Through Improving Follow-Up And Reducing Missed Appointments In A Primary Care Clinic: A Qi Project, Victoria Idubor 2022 University of the Incarnate Word

Patient Care Management Of Hypertension Through Improving Follow-Up And Reducing Missed Appointments In A Primary Care Clinic: A Qi Project, Victoria Idubor

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Background. Missed follow-up appointments constitute significant problems clinics and health centers face nationwide. A significant portion of primary care providers’ patients will require follow-up appointments to manage their chronic illnesses. About 20 to 40% of patients seen at this clinic have a history of hypertension. Uncontrolled hypertension has been shown to increase the risk of certain cardiovascular disease events and mortality. Follow-up appointments are crucial for patients with hypertension to monitor for more life-threatening signs and manage their overall care. Purpose. The purpose of this project is to improve the timely management of care for patients with hypertension …


The Impact Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Vascular Function In Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mousa Khalafi, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Fatemeh Kazeminasab, Michael E. Symonds, Sara K. Rosenkranz 2022 University of Kashan

The Impact Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Vascular Function In Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mousa Khalafi, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Fatemeh Kazeminasab, Michael E. Symonds, Sara K. Rosenkranz

Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

Aim: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared with moderateintensity continuous training (MICT) or with no exercise (CON) on vascular function in adults who were free of cardiometabolic diseases and those with cardiometabolic diseases.

Methods: A search across three electronic databases including Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science was conducted through February 2022 to identify the randomized trials evaluating HIIT vs. MICT and/or CON on vascular function as measured using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in adults. Separate analyses were conducted for HIIT vs. MICT and/or CON to calculate weighted …


A Quantification And Impact Of Incomplete Revascularization Using Residual Syntax Score In Nstemi Patients After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Syed Waqar Ahmed, Nasir Rahman 2022 Aga Khan University

A Quantification And Impact Of Incomplete Revascularization Using Residual Syntax Score In Nstemi Patients After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Syed Waqar Ahmed, Nasir Rahman

Section of Cardiology

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic significance of rSS after PCI for NSTEMI in terms of all-cause mortality and MACE (Major adverse cardiac event) at 3 years of follow-up.
Methodology: A retrospective analysis of 115 consecutive NSTEMI patients who underwent PCI at the Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi between January 2016 and December 2016 was performed. 7 patients were excluded from the final analysis due to missing data (n=108). The SYNTAX scores before (baseline syntax=bSS) and after PCI (rSS) were calculated. Patients were stratified as CR if rSS =0, RICR if rSS >0 and ≤8 …


Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Hemodialysis (HD) provides life-saving treatment in individuals with kidney failure. However, HD is associated with poor quality of life and extremely high mortality rates mainly caused by cardiovascular disease due to heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Standard pharmacological treatment developed within the non-kidney disease community are largely ineffective in HD patients because of the difference in pathophysiology of cardiovascular mortality. HD treatment causes hypotension and recurrent ischemic injury to multiple vascular beds including the heart, leading to heart failure. These injuries can be abrogated by improving the patient’s tolerability of the treatment. To apply interventions that may improve hemodynamic …


30th Annual Scientific Congress Of Hong Kong College Of Cardiology Abstracts, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

30th Annual Scientific Congress Of Hong Kong College Of Cardiology Abstracts

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


30th Annual Scientific Congress Of Hong Kong College Of Cardiology Proceedings, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

30th Annual Scientific Congress Of Hong Kong College Of Cardiology Proceedings

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


29th Annual Scientific Congress Of Hong Kong College Of Cardiology Proceedings, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

29th Annual Scientific Congress Of Hong Kong College Of Cardiology Proceedings

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


24th Asc Of Icsm Proceedings, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

24th Asc Of Icsm Proceedings

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


29th Annual Scientific Congress Of Hong Kong College Of Cardiology Abstracts, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

29th Annual Scientific Congress Of Hong Kong College Of Cardiology Abstracts

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


24th Asc Of Icsm Abstracts, 2022 Hong Kong College of Cardiology

24th Asc Of Icsm Abstracts

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

No abstract provided.


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