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Stomatognathic Diseases Commons

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Auriculotemporal Nerve Block For Tmj: A Systematic Review, Hasan Zia, Usmaan Al-Shehab, Ahmed Gawash, Anthony Dipalma, Dale Johnson, Musa Dolley, David F. Lo, Ryan St. John, Zain Hassam, Don D. Shamilov 2024 Rowan University

Auriculotemporal Nerve Block For Tmj: A Systematic Review, Hasan Zia, Usmaan Al-Shehab, Ahmed Gawash, Anthony Dipalma, Dale Johnson, Musa Dolley, David F. Lo, Ryan St. John, Zain Hassam, Don D. Shamilov

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate auriculotemporal nerve blocks for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder management. 583 articles reviewed from five databases, selected four studies for pooled analysis on visual analog scale (VAS) and maximum mouth opening (MMO) outcomes. Pooled analysis showed significant improvement in VAS (-2.27, p < 0.001) and MMO (0.94, p = 0.03) post-auriculotemporal nerve blocks for TMJ disorder. Auriculotemporal nerve blocks demonstrate potential effectiveness in TMJ disorder treatment, warranting further research on long-term effects and side effects.


Stevens-Johnson Syndrome From Combined Allopurinol And Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors: A Narrative Review, Isabella M. Fabian, Kirsten Maddox, Cameron Robicheaux, Rahib K. Islam, Ahmed Anwar, Bradley Dorius, Christopher L. Robinson, Adam M. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye 2024 Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome From Combined Allopurinol And Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors: A Narrative Review, Isabella M. Fabian, Kirsten Maddox, Cameron Robicheaux, Rahib K. Islam, Ahmed Anwar, Bradley Dorius, Christopher L. Robinson, Adam M. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a severe and potentially debilitating skin reaction frequently related to medication use. Allopurinol and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are commonly prescribed medications for prevalent health conditions worldwide, and their interaction associated with SJS warrants further investigation. A comprehensive literature search was performed to investigate cases as studies related to SJS occurring in patients with concomitant use of allopurinol and ACE inhibitors. We identified case reports and studies detailing hypersensitivity reactions, including SJS, attributed to a combination of allopurinol and ACE inhibitors. Despite the drug-drug interactions or lack thereof seen in patient populations, there is no definitive …


Stevens-Johnson Syndrome And Pemphigus Vulgaris: A Missed Connection, Amelia Mellor, Suresh Antony 2024 HCA Healthcare

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome And Pemphigus Vulgaris: A Missed Connection, Amelia Mellor, Suresh Antony

Central & West Texas Research Day 2024

No abstract provided.


Prevalence And Clinical Characteristics Of Temporomandibular Disorders In Adults: An Epidemiological Study In The Mediterranean Region Of Türkiye, Esra Yavuz, Selmi Yardimci, Humeyra Tercanli 2023 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Türkiye

Prevalence And Clinical Characteristics Of Temporomandibular Disorders In Adults: An Epidemiological Study In The Mediterranean Region Of Türkiye, Esra Yavuz, Selmi Yardimci, Humeyra Tercanli

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The prevalence and clinical characteristics of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in the Mediterranean region of Türkiye have not yet been thoroughly investigated. Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of TMD in a sample of the population in this region and to characterize the clinical findings related to TMD. Methods: Four hundred and one participants were included in this study. “Presence of TMD” in the participants was evaluated using the Fonseca Anamnestic Index. Through clinical examination, the findings in the participants were classified as limited mouth opening, deviation, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) sounds, TMJ pain, and muscle …


Handheld Bedside Pocus In The Evaluation Of Neck Swelling: A Case Of Ludwig's Angina, Alex Gechlik, Frank Wheeler, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema 2023 Rowan University

Handheld Bedside Pocus In The Evaluation Of Neck Swelling: A Case Of Ludwig's Angina, Alex Gechlik, Frank Wheeler, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Ludwig's angina is a rare and life threatening cellulitic infection, first described by German physician, Wilhelm Frederick Von Ludwig in 1836, as a gangrenous infection of the soft tissue floor of the mouth and neck. The potential to spread rapidly to contiguous tissues surrounding the upper airways, notably the glottis, resulted in Ludwig's angina carrying a high mortality rate near 50% in the pre- antibiotic era. It necessitates rapid detection and management to assure respiratory compromise does not occur. This case study is novel as it illustrates handheld bedside POCUS utilization in diagnosing Ludwig’s Angina.


Anterior And Posterior Tongue Regions And Taste Papillae: Distinct Roles And Regulatory Mechanisms With An Emphasis On Hedgehog Signaling And Antagonism., Archana Kumari, Charlotte M. Mistretta 2023 Rowan University

Anterior And Posterior Tongue Regions And Taste Papillae: Distinct Roles And Regulatory Mechanisms With An Emphasis On Hedgehog Signaling And Antagonism., Archana Kumari, Charlotte M. Mistretta

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

Sensory receptors across the entire tongue are engaged during eating. However, the tongue has distinctive regions with taste (fungiform and circumvallate) and non-taste (filiform) organs that are composed of specialized epithelia, connective tissues, and innervation. The tissue regions and papillae are adapted in form and function for taste and somatosensation associated with eating. It follows that homeostasis and regeneration of distinctive papillae and taste buds with particular functional roles require tailored molecular pathways. Nonetheless, in the chemosensory field, generalizations are often made between mechanisms that regulate anterior tongue fungiform and posterior circumvallate taste papillae, without a clear distinction that highlights …


Burning Mouth Disorder And Parkinson's Disease: A Scoping Review Of The Literature, O. Guru, Ramesh Balasubramaniam, Gary D. Klasser 2023 The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Burning Mouth Disorder And Parkinson's Disease: A Scoping Review Of The Literature, O. Guru, Ramesh Balasubramaniam, Gary D. Klasser

School of Dentistry Faculty Publications

Background: Burning mouth disorder (BMD) is a complex medical condition characterized by a burning sensation in the mouth of fluctuating intensity. BMD is considered a diagnosis of exclusion, as oral burning can occur secondary to local or systemic conditions. Parkinson's disease (PD) is one such condition. Objective: To provide a scoping review of the literature by assessing all articles written in English that investigated the relationship between BMD and PD. Materials and Methods: Various databases (PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, Science Direct and Scopus) and a search platform (EBSCOhost) were searched following similar investigative approaches. Duplicates were removed and reference …


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Artificial Intelligence For Detecting Gastrointestinal Luminal Pathologies: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Om Parkash, Asra Tus Saleha Siddiqui, Uswa Jiwani, Fahad Rind, Zahra Ali Padhani, Arjumand Rizvi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Jai K. Das 2022 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Artificial Intelligence For Detecting Gastrointestinal Luminal Pathologies: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Om Parkash, Asra Tus Saleha Siddiqui, Uswa Jiwani, Fahad Rind, Zahra Ali Padhani, Arjumand Rizvi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Jai K. Das

Section of Gastroenterology

Background: Artificial Intelligence (AI) holds considerable promise for diagnostics in the field of gastroenterology. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to assess the diagnostic accuracy of AI models compared with the gold standard of experts and histopathology for the diagnosis of various gastrointestinal (GI) luminal pathologies including polyps, neoplasms, and inflammatory bowel disease.
Methods: We searched PubMed, CINAHL, Wiley Cochrane Library, and Web of Science electronic databases to identify studies assessing the diagnostic performance of AI models for GI luminal pathologies. We extracted binary diagnostic accuracy data and constructed contingency tables to derive the outcomes of interest: sensitivity and specificity. …


Incidence Of Typhoid And Paratyphoid Fever In Bangladesh, Nepal, And Pakistan: Results Of The Surveillance For Enteric Fever In Asia Project, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Sadia Shakoor, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Junaid Mehmood, Rozina Thobani, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Seema Irfan, Abdul Momin Kazi, Mohammed J. Hunzai 2022 Aga Khan University

Incidence Of Typhoid And Paratyphoid Fever In Bangladesh, Nepal, And Pakistan: Results Of The Surveillance For Enteric Fever In Asia Project, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Sadia Shakoor, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Junaid Mehmood, Rozina Thobani, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Seema Irfan, Abdul Momin Kazi, Mohammed J. Hunzai

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Precise enteric fever disease burden data are needed to inform prevention and control measures, including the use of newly available typhoid vaccines. We established the Surveillance for Enteric Fever in Asia Project (SEAP) to inform these strategies.
Methods: From September, 2016, to September, 2019, we conducted prospective clinical surveillance for Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (S Typhi) and Paratyphi (S Paratyphi) A, B, and C at health facilities in predetermined catchment areas in Dhaka, Bangladesh; Kathmandu and Kavrepalanchok, Nepal; and Karachi, Pakistan. Patients eligible for inclusion were outpatients with 3 or more consecutive days of fever in the last 7 …


An Updated Patient-Centered Sialadenitis Instrument: The Obstructive Salivary Problem Impact Test (Spit), Arushi Gulati, David M. Cognetti, David S. Cohen, M. Allison Ogden, Barry M. Schaitkin, Rohan R. Walvekar, William R. Ryan, Jolie L. Chang 2022 University of California, San Francisco

An Updated Patient-Centered Sialadenitis Instrument: The Obstructive Salivary Problem Impact Test (Spit), Arushi Gulati, David M. Cognetti, David S. Cohen, M. Allison Ogden, Barry M. Schaitkin, Rohan R. Walvekar, William R. Ryan, Jolie L. Chang

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Objective: The Chronic Obstructive Sialadenitis Symptoms questionnaire (COSS) was created to assess chronic sialadenitis symptoms and treatment response, but its development lacked patient input and validation. We analyzed COSS responses and feedback from sialadenitis patients and physician experts to create the novel obstructive Salivary Problem Impact Test (SPIT), a new standardized measure of sialadenitis-associated symptoms. Methods: We analyzed COSS responses via exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to identify essential symptom domains and reduce overlap in questions. Sialadenitis patients evaluated the significance of index symptoms identified from the literature review. Expert physicians rated symptom relevance in clinical assessment. An updated questionnaire (SPIT) …


Differentiating The Mechanistic Role And Chemotherapeutic Potential Of Src And Podoplanin In Oncogenic Transformation, Edward P. Retzbach 2021 Rowan University

Differentiating The Mechanistic Role And Chemotherapeutic Potential Of Src And Podoplanin In Oncogenic Transformation, Edward P. Retzbach

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Theses and Dissertations

There were an estimated 20 million new cancer cases worldwide in 2020, resulting in nearly 1000 deaths per hour [1]. Oral cancer exemplifies the difficulties of treating cancer patients. The first line for oral cancer treatment is surgery and radiation that can lead to patient disfigurement and decreased quality of life in cancer survivors [2-4]. Though there have been many developments in chemotherapy in the last 30 years, the 50% mortality rate associated with oral cancer has not changed [4, 5]. Longitudinal studies that track survival rates in oral cancer patients demonstrate a 3-fold reduction in patient deaths when patients …


Dysphagia And Masticatory Performance As A Mediator Of The Xerostomia To Quality Of Life Relation In The Older Population., Ting-Yu Lu, Jen-Hao Chen, Je-Kang Du, Ying-Chun Lin, Pei-Shan Ho, Chien-Hung Lee, Chih-Yang Hu, Hsiao-Ling Huang 2020 Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan

Dysphagia And Masticatory Performance As A Mediator Of The Xerostomia To Quality Of Life Relation In The Older Population., Ting-Yu Lu, Jen-Hao Chen, Je-Kang Du, Ying-Chun Lin, Pei-Shan Ho, Chien-Hung Lee, Chih-Yang Hu, Hsiao-Ling Huang

School of Public Health Faculty Publications

Background: The impact of poor oral health on older adults' quality of life is a public health problem. In this study, the mediating effects of dental status, occlusal condition, dysphagia, and masticatory performance on the association between xerostomia and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) were assessed in the older adult population.Methods: Stratified cluster sampling was used to recruit 1076 community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older from Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Community care centers were randomly selected according to their geographic classifications (urban, rural, or mountainous areas). Assessments of dental status and occlusal condition were performed by dentists. Information on demographics, …


The Role Of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (Ahr) Signaling Pathway In Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Oscc): Preliminary Results., Renee Lee, Cui Xu, Leticia Ferreira, Ana Carolina Morandini, Erivan Ramos-Junior 2018 University of California, Berkeley

The Role Of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (Ahr) Signaling Pathway In Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Oscc): Preliminary Results., Renee Lee, Cui Xu, Leticia Ferreira, Ana Carolina Morandini, Erivan Ramos-Junior

Excellence Day

OBJECTIVES: A large number of experimental and clinical studies suggest that the origin of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is linked to environmental carcinogenesis (tobacco, alcohol). Among these environmental factors, cigarette smoking is the most studied and has been associated with increased susceptibility to OSCC by activating signaling pathways responsible for cancer initiation and progression. Besides nicotine, cigarette smoke also contains aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonists, such as dioxin and benzo(a)pyrene. Aberrant AhR expression and AhR pathway activation are involved in several types of cancer. However, the relationship between AhR pathway activation and oral cancer progression is still unclear.


Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome In An 18-Year Old Female: Case Report, Karishma Lal, Akash Khetpal, Muhammad Saad Ali Mallick, Ansab Godil, Arsalan Majeed Adam, Zahid Ali Memon 2018 Aga Khan University

Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome In An 18-Year Old Female: Case Report, Karishma Lal, Akash Khetpal, Muhammad Saad Ali Mallick, Ansab Godil, Arsalan Majeed Adam, Zahid Ali Memon

Medical College Documents

We report an unusual case of an 18-year old woman, who presented to Civil Hospital Karachi in May 2016 with complaints of vomiting, abdominal pain, dysphagia, altered bowel habits, loss of appetite and chronic weight loss. On examination, abdomen was found to be soft and non-tender with discomfort on breathing. CT angiogram revealed reduction of aortomesenteric angle and aortomesenteric distance which were both consistent with superior mesenteric artery syndrome. Reduction in angle was thought to be because of weight loss and adipose tissue depletion so patient was started on enteral and parenteral nutritional supplements. Upon seeing little to no improvement, …


Kallikrein-Related Peptidases Are Dysregulated In Pleomorphic Adenoma, Matthew D. Morrison 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Kallikrein-Related Peptidases Are Dysregulated In Pleomorphic Adenoma, Matthew D. Morrison

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Objectives: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign salivary gland tumor. Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) have been identified as biomarkers in many human tumors and may influence tumor behavior. We investigated KLK1-15 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and proteins in PA specimens to determine a KLK expression profile for this tumor.

Methods: Fresh frozen PA tissue specimens (n = 26) and matched controls were subjected to RT-qPCR to detect KLK1-15 mRNA. Expression of KLK1, KLK12, KLK13 and KLK8 proteins were then evaluated via immunostaining techniques. Statistical analyses were performed with the level of significance set at P < .05.

Results: We observed downregulation …


Is Botulinum Toxin A Safe And Effective For The Treatment Of Trigeminal Neuralgia In Adults?, Bryan Frank 2016 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is Botulinum Toxin A Safe And Effective For The Treatment Of Trigeminal Neuralgia In Adults?, Bryan Frank

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this evidence based medicine review is to determine whether or not Botulinum Toxin A is safe and effective for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia in adults.

STUDY DESIGN: Three double blind, randomized controlled trials were reviewed and selected based on their relevance to the clinical question and their inclusion of patient oriented outcomes (POEMS).

DATA SOURCES: Each study was obtained by searching NCBI and PubMed database.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: The outcomes were measured using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Quality of Life (QoL), Patient Global Impression of Change Scale (PGIC), Last Observation Carried Forward (LOCF), and detected …


Is A Vitamin Supplement Effective In Treatment Of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers?, Annalyse Grayson 2016 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is A Vitamin Supplement Effective In Treatment Of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers?, Annalyse Grayson

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this EBM review is to determine whether or not a daily vitamin supplement is effective treatment for recurrent aphthous ulcers.

STUDY DESIGN: A review of 3 randomized control trials. All three trials are in English between 2009-2014.

DATA SOURCES: 3 randomized double blind placebo-controlled parallel-arm single center trials were found using PubMed.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: Each of the RCTs measured the efficacy of treatment for RAU in patients with aphthous ulcer outbreaks for at least a year or at least one to three outbreaks a month. This was performed by subjects of the study reporting on efficacy …


Is Laser Therapy Effective At Relieving Pain In Adult Patients With Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis?, Kevin Jackson 2016 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is Laser Therapy Effective At Relieving Pain In Adult Patients With Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis?, Kevin Jackson

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not laser therapy is effective at relieving pain in adult patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis.

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of three randomized controlled trials published in 2009, 2009, and 2013.

DATA SOURCES: Three randomized controlled trials were obtained using PubMed.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: The symptom of pain was measured for improvement by patient survey of visual analog pain scales.

RESULTS: Prasad et al. (2013), Tezel et al. (2009), and Zand et al. (2009) all demonstrated improvement in a majority of the subjects’ pain relief from treatment with laser …


Is Topical Clonazepam More Effective Than Oral Clonazepam In Treatment Of Burning Mouth Syndrome (Bms)?, Sherley Casseus 2014 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is Topical Clonazepam More Effective Than Oral Clonazepam In Treatment Of Burning Mouth Syndrome (Bms)?, Sherley Casseus

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

Abstract not available.


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