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Understanding Older Adults Living In Medically Underserved Areas Perspectives Regarding Type 2 Diabetes Care Received, Christopher Rogers 2021 Seton Hall University

Understanding Older Adults Living In Medically Underserved Areas Perspectives Regarding Type 2 Diabetes Care Received, Christopher Rogers

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Older adults with type 2 diabetes living in medically underserved areas (MUAs) have unique health and social needs that must be taken into consideration when supporting their type 2 diabetes treatment and management care. Effective treatment and management of type 2 diabetes for older adults living in MUAs requires incorporating the preferences, desires, needs, values, and goals of the person at the center of the care into his/her care plan. Shifting care to be conducive to the treatment and management goals and plans co-created with older adults living in MUAs based on their individual physical, psychological, social, and spiritual ...


Effectiveness Of Ehr-Depression Screening Among Adult Diabetics In An Urban Primary Care Clinic, Filipina C. Schnabel MD, MPH, MSN, FNP-BC, Danielle Aldridge MSN, FNP-C, Laura Reed DNP, FNP-BC 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Effectiveness Of Ehr-Depression Screening Among Adult Diabetics In An Urban Primary Care Clinic, Filipina C. Schnabel Md, Mph, Msn, Fnp-Bc, Danielle Aldridge Msn, Fnp-C, Laura Reed Dnp, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) and depression are important comorbid conditions that can lead to more serious health outcomes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) supports routine screening for depression as part of standard diabetes management. The PHQ2 and PHQ9 questionnaires are good diagnostic screening tools used for major depressive disorders in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). This quality improvement study aims to compare the rate of depression screening, treatment, and referral to behavioral health in adult patients with DM2 pre and post-integration of depression screening tools into the electronic health record (EHR).

Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review on patients ...


Diabetes In The Oncology Setting Webinar Series, Jennifer Williams, Denise A. Palma, Michael Rizk MSN, APRN, FNP-C, BC-ADM 2021 University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Diabetes In The Oncology Setting Webinar Series, Jennifer Williams, Denise A. Palma, Michael Rizk Msn, Aprn, Fnp-C, Bc-Adm

2021 Education Week Posters

Department of Endocrine Neoplasia and Hormonal Disorders


Pheochromocytoma Presenting As Testicular Pain: An Unusual Case Report, Jinal K. Patel, Varun Reddy, Gauthier L. Stepman, Debra Angelo, Johnathan Frunzi 2021 HCA Healthcare

Pheochromocytoma Presenting As Testicular Pain: An Unusual Case Report, Jinal K. Patel, Varun Reddy, Gauthier L. Stepman, Debra Angelo, Johnathan Frunzi

Endocrinology

Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a rare catecholamine-secreting tumor that arises from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla which are derived from the neural crest. This report illustrates a 51-year-old Caucasian male with a history of hypertension diagnosed two years ago who presented to the hospital due to acute onset of right testicular pain of 3-day duration. Laboratory results and imaging revealed a presumptive diagnosis of PCC. The patient had undergone robot-assisted laparoscopic right adrenalectomy 14 days after being diagnosed with PCC due to perioperative management with phenoxybenzamine. The final pathology report revealed a PCC. At follow-up two weeks after discharge, the ...


Compliance With A Nurse-Driven Hypoglycemia Protocol: Time From Hypoglycemia Event To Euglycemia, Robin A. Chappell 2021 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Compliance With A Nurse-Driven Hypoglycemia Protocol: Time From Hypoglycemia Event To Euglycemia, Robin A. Chappell

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Hypoglycemia is a known complication of diabetes mellitus and is considered one of the top three adverse drug events by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2019) because it is common, clinically significant, measurable, and preventable.

PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was: In non-critical hospitalized adult patients on medical-surgical units with documented HGEs, how does active surveillance for strict adherence to a nurse-driven hypoglycemia protocol, compared to no surveillance, affect the time from hypoglycemia to euglycemia?

Evidence: Treatment of hypoglycemia is commonly inconsistent and prolonged; however, active surveillance and monitoring of ...


“It’S Pretty Hard To Make Friends Over A Zoom Meeting Room”: Understanding The Recreational Experiences Of Youth With Type 1 Diabetes During Covid-19, Ryan Malpaya, Rowan Williams 2021 Old Dominion University

“It’S Pretty Hard To Make Friends Over A Zoom Meeting Room”: Understanding The Recreational Experiences Of Youth With Type 1 Diabetes During Covid-19, Ryan Malpaya, Rowan Williams

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Youth with diabetes frequently have limited access to traditional camps because of the need for accessible medical staff (Hill, E., 2019). COVID-19 has made it even more difficult for youth with type 1 diabetes to participate in any youth development programs due to the pandemic restrictions. During the pandemic, it is unknown if youth with T1D are able to engage in any recreational activities that may teach them resilience and independence in managing their medical condition. The purpose of this study was to see how youth with T1D cope in an altered recreation environment as a result of COVID-19

Using ...


Calcaneal Ultrasound And Its Relation To Dietary And Lifestyle Factors, Anthropometry, And Vitamin D Deficiency In Young Medical Students, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Sibtain Ahmed, Ghazala Naureen, Aysha Habib Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

Calcaneal Ultrasound And Its Relation To Dietary And Lifestyle Factors, Anthropometry, And Vitamin D Deficiency In Young Medical Students, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Sibtain Ahmed, Ghazala Naureen, Aysha Habib Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Bone quality and peak bone mass are greatly affected by lifestyle factors. The objective of the study was to investigate the relationships between anthropometry, dietary and caloric intake, body composition measurements, physical activity, and vitamin D status with quantitative ultrasound-based bone parameters among medical students.
Methods: Both male and female medical college students were included in this study. A detailed questionnaire was administered, collecting clinical, dietary, physical activity information, physical examination details, including body mass index (BMI). Body composition (total body fat, total body water, muscle mass, mean visceral fat mass, basal metabolic rate, bone mass using a bioelectrical ...


Compliance Of Checking Hba1c In A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Abdul Aziz, Syed Ahsan Ali 2021 Aga Khan University

Compliance Of Checking Hba1c In A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Abdul Aziz, Syed Ahsan Ali

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Background and objectives: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus worldwide was 171 million one and half decade ago, while the prediction is 366 million patients by 2030 and more than 640 million people by 2040. HbA1c value represents average blood glucose over the past 2-3 months and accounts for both pre-prandial and post-prandial blood glucose levels. A link between HbA1c and diabetic complications has been confirmed. In general, patients with controlled diabetes mellitus should have at least biannual testing, while patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or unmet glycemic targets should be tested every three months. The objective was to see compliance ...


To Determine The Efficacy Of Bilateral Inferior Petrosal Sinus Sampling In Differentiating Cushing Disease From Ectopic Cushing Syndrome, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Tanveer Ul Haq, Shahmeer Khan, Raza Sayani, Ayesha Shoukat Hussain, Rumaisa Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

To Determine The Efficacy Of Bilateral Inferior Petrosal Sinus Sampling In Differentiating Cushing Disease From Ectopic Cushing Syndrome, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Tanveer Ul Haq, Shahmeer Khan, Raza Sayani, Ayesha Shoukat Hussain, Rumaisa Khan

Department of Radiology

Management of endogenous Cushing syndrome is based on its aetiology. Increased Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) levels are the most common cause of this disorder and, therefore, it is critical to determine the source of ACTH before further management. Dynamic post contrast MRI is currently the most common investigation implied to diagnose pituitary adenoma; however, it comes with the drawback of low specificity and high false positive results. Inferior petrosal sinus sampling (IPSS) is an established invasive procedure performed to differentiate central versus peripheral source of ACTH which, in turn, results in hypercortesolaemia. This is a series of 14 patients who underwent ...


Associations Between Fruit Intake And Risk Of Diabetes In The Ausdiab Cohort: Supplementary Material, Nicola P. Bondonno, Raymond J. Davey, Kevin Murray, Simone Radavelli-Bagatini, Catherine P. Bondonno, Lauren C. Blekkenhorst, Marc Sim, Dianna J. Magliano, Robin M. Daly, Jonathan E. Shaw, Joshua R. Lewis, Jonathan M. Hodgson 2021 Edith Cowan University

Associations Between Fruit Intake And Risk Of Diabetes In The Ausdiab Cohort: Supplementary Material, Nicola P. Bondonno, Raymond J. Davey, Kevin Murray, Simone Radavelli-Bagatini, Catherine P. Bondonno, Lauren C. Blekkenhorst, Marc Sim, Dianna J. Magliano, Robin M. Daly, Jonathan E. Shaw, Joshua R. Lewis, Jonathan M. Hodgson

Research Datasets

Supplementary Material accompanying manuscript entitled ‘Associations between fruit intake and risk of diabetes in the AusDiab cohort’.


Efficacy Of Anti-Mullerian Hormone In The Diagnosis Of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Cassidy Prewitt 2021 Arcadia University

Efficacy Of Anti-Mullerian Hormone In The Diagnosis Of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Cassidy Prewitt

Capstone Showcase

Introduction: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a complex condition that presents with a wide variety of symptoms. The PCOS diagnosis standard is the Rotterdam criteria, which includes hyperandrogenism, oligo-anovulation, and polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM). Transvaginal ultrasounds have traditionally been used to evaluate PCOM, however, they are highly dependent on technician skill. This paper will evaluate research regarding the use of anti-Mullerian (AMH) in PCOS diagnosis as an alternative to transvaginal ultrasound.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using PubMed and Academic Search Ultimate in January 2020. A total of eight articles were selected based on relevance to the research topic ...


Joint Influences Of Obesity, Diabetes, And Hypertension On Indices Of Ventricular Remodeling: Findings From The Community-Based Framingham Heart Study, Beatrice von Jeinsen, Ramachandran S. Vasan, David D. McManus, Gary F. Mitchell, Susan Cheng, Vanessa Xanthakis 2020 Boston University

Joint Influences Of Obesity, Diabetes, And Hypertension On Indices Of Ventricular Remodeling: Findings From The Community-Based Framingham Heart Study, Beatrice Von Jeinsen, Ramachandran S. Vasan, David D. Mcmanus, Gary F. Mitchell, Susan Cheng, Vanessa Xanthakis

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

INTRODUCTION: Obesity, hypertension, and diabetes are independently associated with cardiac remodeling and frequently co-cluster. The conjoint and separate influences of these conditions on cardiac remodeling have not been investigated.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 5,741 Framingham Study participants (mean age 50 years, 55% women) who underwent echocardiographic measurements of left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), global longitudinal strain (GLS), mitral E/e', left atrial end-systolic (peak) dimension (LASD) and emptying fraction (LAEF). We used multivariable generalized linear models to estimate the adjusted-least square means of these measures according to cross-classified categories of body mass index (BMI ...


Implementation Of Comprehensive Foot Exams In Primary Care: A Quality Improvement Project, Dora Elia Trevino 2020 University of the Incarnate Word

Implementation Of Comprehensive Foot Exams In Primary Care: A Quality Improvement Project, Dora Elia Trevino

Doctor of Nursing Practice

The purpose of this quality improvement project was to increase performance and documentation of provider comprehensive foot exams (CFEs) by 50% among patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in a small clinic in the southwestern United States.

The project leader assessed clinic systems including the electronic health record (EHR) to identify means to increase CFE completion and documentation rate for patients with T2DM being seen for a chronic disease management (CDM) appointment. A process was created to incorporate a hardcopy CFE documentation form into the EHR and create a pop-up care reminder notification system. Staff and the provider were educated ...


Patient-Centered Implementation Of Statin Therapy In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, Giovanna P. Favarato 2020 University of the Incarnate Word

Patient-Centered Implementation Of Statin Therapy In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, Giovanna P. Favarato

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Heart disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The American Diabetes Association recommends statins and lifestyle modifications for all patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus for the prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular events. A patient-centered approach to primary prevention is encouraged, yet there are no specific instructions regarding implementation. The Statin Choice Decision Aid is a tool designed to facilitate shared decision-making between the patient and the provider in the clinical setting. The 2018 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for the primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease for patients ...


Lifetime Risk Of Diabetes In Metropolitan Cities In India, Shammi Luhar, Dimple Kondal, Rebecca Jones, Ranjit M. Anjana, Shivani A. Patel, Sanjay Kinra, Lynda Clarke, Mohammed K. Ali, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Muhammad Masood Kadir 2020 University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Lifetime Risk Of Diabetes In Metropolitan Cities In India, Shammi Luhar, Dimple Kondal, Rebecca Jones, Ranjit M. Anjana, Shivani A. Patel, Sanjay Kinra, Lynda Clarke, Mohammed K. Ali, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Muhammad Masood Kadir

Community Health Sciences

Aims/hypothesis: We aimed to estimate the lifetime risk of diabetes and diabetes-free life expectancy in metropolitan cities in India among the population aged 20 years or more, and their variation by sex, age and BMI.
Methods: A Markov simulation model was adopted to estimate age-, sex- and BMI-specific lifetime risk of developing diabetes and diabetes-free life expectancy. The main data inputs used were as follows: age-, sex- and BMI-specific incidence rates of diabetes in urban India taken from the Centre for Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia (2010-2018); age-, sex- and urban-specific rates of mortality from period lifetables reported ...


Peptidylarginine Deiminase Inhibition Prevents Diabetes Development In Nod Mice, Fernanda M. C. Sodré, Samal Bissenova, Ylke Bruggeman, Ronak Tilvawala, Dana P. Cook, Claire Berthault, Santanu Mondal, Aïsha Callebaut, Sylvaine You, Raphael Scharfmann, Roberto Mallone, Paul R. Thompson, Chantal Mathieu, Mijke Buitinga, Lut Overbergh 2020 KU Leuven

Peptidylarginine Deiminase Inhibition Prevents Diabetes Development In Nod Mice, Fernanda M. C. Sodré, Samal Bissenova, Ylke Bruggeman, Ronak Tilvawala, Dana P. Cook, Claire Berthault, Santanu Mondal, Aïsha Callebaut, Sylvaine You, Raphael Scharfmann, Roberto Mallone, Paul R. Thompson, Chantal Mathieu, Mijke Buitinga, Lut Overbergh

Thompson Lab Publications

Protein citrullination plays a role in several autoimmune diseases. Its involvement in murine and human type 1 diabetes has recently been recognized through the discovery of antibodies and T-cell reactivity against citrullinated peptides. In the current study, we demonstrate that systemic inhibition of peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs), the enzymes mediating citrullination, through BB-Cl-amidine treatment, prevents diabetes development in NOD mice. This prevention was associated with reduced levels of citrullination in the pancreas, decreased circulating autoantibody titers against citrullinated GRP78 and reduced spontaneous NETosis of bone marrow-derived neutrophils. Moreover, BB-Cl-amidine treatment induced a shift from Th1 to Th2 cytokines in the serum ...


Assessing Disease Severity Of Diabetic Retinopathy Using Novel Graphical Interpretation Of Flicker Electroretinogram, Anjalee Choudhury, Jonas Moses, Victor Gonzalez 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Assessing Disease Severity Of Diabetic Retinopathy Using Novel Graphical Interpretation Of Flicker Electroretinogram, Anjalee Choudhury, Jonas Moses, Victor Gonzalez

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

Purpose: To assess the clinical value of reporting full-field electroretinogram (eg, flicker ERG) findings graphically to determine the severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) within an office-based setting.

Methods: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were included and classified into varying degrees of DR based on presence and severity. Flicker ERG responses were recorded and compared between groups.

Results: Between the varying disease stages, significant differences in the mean magnitude and phase values were found. There was also a significant difference between the proportions of the magnitude and phase color-coded frequencies between groups of severity and threat to vision.

Conclusion: Magnitude ...


Myxedema Coma: A Life-Threatening Condition In Patients Using Pembrolizumab, Sangeetha Gummalla, Madhura Manjunath, Brian Phillips 2020 Berkshire Medical Center

Myxedema Coma: A Life-Threatening Condition In Patients Using Pembrolizumab, Sangeetha Gummalla, Madhura Manjunath, Brian Phillips

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors has significantly improved the prognosis of patients with advanced malignancies. As we begin to understand these medications, multiple immune-related adverse effects (irAEs) have been found with these drugs, including endocrinopathies. Understanding the treatment-related adverse events of these medications is critical for clinical practice. Thyroid-related adverse effects usually occur within the first three months of treatment and rarely after eight months. It can manifest as an early onset of thyrotoxicosis, which is largely asymptomatic, followed by a rapid transition to hypothyroidism, requiring long-term levothyroxine substitution. We present a case in which our patient was found ...


Coxsackievirus B Type 4 Infection In Beta Cells Downregulates The Chaperone Prefoldin Uri To Induce A Mody4-Like Diabetes Via Pdx1 Silencing, Hugo Bernard, Ana Teijeiro, Almudena Chaves-Perez, Cristian Perna, Basanthi Satish, Anna Novials, Jennifer P. Wang, Nabil Djouder 2020 National Cancer Research Center

Coxsackievirus B Type 4 Infection In Beta Cells Downregulates The Chaperone Prefoldin Uri To Induce A Mody4-Like Diabetes Via Pdx1 Silencing, Hugo Bernard, Ana Teijeiro, Almudena Chaves-Perez, Cristian Perna, Basanthi Satish, Anna Novials, Jennifer P. Wang, Nabil Djouder

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Enteroviruses are suspected to contribute to insulin-producing beta cell loss and hyperglycemia-induced diabetes. However, mechanisms are not fully defined. Here, we show that coxsackievirus B type 4 (CVB4) infection in human islet-engrafted mice and in rat insulinoma cells displays loss of unconventional prefoldin RPB5 interactor (URI) and PDX1, affecting beta cell function and identity. Genetic URI ablation in the mouse pancreas causes PDX1 depletion in beta cells. Importantly, diabetic PDX1 heterozygous mice overexpressing URI in beta cells are more glucose tolerant. Mechanistically, URI loss triggers estrogen receptor nuclear translocation leading to DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) expression, which induces Pdx1 promoter ...


Upper Vs. Lower Extremity: Does The Site Of Steroid Injection Have A Different Effect On Blood Glucose Levels In Patients With Diabetes?, Emilyn Anderi 2020 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Upper Vs. Lower Extremity: Does The Site Of Steroid Injection Have A Different Effect On Blood Glucose Levels In Patients With Diabetes?, Emilyn Anderi

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising Twu J, Patel N, Wolf JM, Conti Mica M. Impact of variation of corticosteroid dose, injection site, and multiple injections on blood glucose measurement in diabetic patients. J Hand Surg Am. 2018;43(8):738-744. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.06.005 for a patient with diabetes and osteoarthritis.


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