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Endocrine System Diseases Commons

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662 full-text articles. Page 1 of 29.

Li-Fraumeni Syndrome And The Benefits Of Annual Comprehensive Screening: A Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Case, Alice He BS, Wern Lynn Ng MD, Faith Seltun DO, Lay She Ng MD, Si Yuan Khor MD, Elham Nasrollahi MD, Chandi Garg MD, Rong Rong Ge MD 2024 Drexel University College of Medicine

Li-Fraumeni Syndrome And The Benefits Of Annual Comprehensive Screening: A Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Case, Alice He Bs, Wern Lynn Ng Md, Faith Seltun Do, Lay She Ng Md, Si Yuan Khor Md, Elham Nasrollahi Md, Chandi Garg Md, Rong Rong Ge Md

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Revolutionizing Feature Selection: A Breakthrough Approach For Enhanced Accuracy And Reduced Dimensions, With Implications For Early Medical Diagnostics, Shabia Shabir Khan, Majid Shafi Kawoosa, Bonny Bannerjee, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan 2024 Islamic University of Science and Technology

Revolutionizing Feature Selection: A Breakthrough Approach For Enhanced Accuracy And Reduced Dimensions, With Implications For Early Medical Diagnostics, Shabia Shabir Khan, Majid Shafi Kawoosa, Bonny Bannerjee, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan

Research Symposium

Background: The system's performance may be impacted by the high-dimensional feature dataset, attributed to redundant, non-informative, or irrelevant features, commonly referred to as noise. To mitigate inefficiency and suboptimal performance, our goal is to identify the optimal and minimal set of features capable of representing the entire dataset. Consequently, the Feature Selector (Fs) serves as an operator, transforming an m-dimensional feature set into an n-dimensional feature set. This process aims to generate a filtered dataset with reduced dimensions, enhancing the algorithm's efficiency.

Methods: This paper introduces an innovative feature selection approach utilizing a genetic algorithm with an ensemble crossover operation …


Use Of A Primary Care Dataset To Describe ‘The Real Picture’ Of Diabetes In Kimberley Aboriginal Communities, Caitlyn S. White, Kimberley Seear, Lorraine Anderson, Emma Griffiths 2024 Kimberley Aboriginal Medical Services; The Rural Clinical School of Western Australia, Medical School, University of Western Australia

Use Of A Primary Care Dataset To Describe ‘The Real Picture’ Of Diabetes In Kimberley Aboriginal Communities, Caitlyn S. White, Kimberley Seear, Lorraine Anderson, Emma Griffiths

Journal of the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Objective
Aboriginal communities are impacted by high rates of diabetes, however these are currently underestimated by national data sources used by policy and decision makers to inform allocation of health resources. We aimed to estimate diabetes prevalence and screening coverage using primary care electronic medical record data.

Methods
A cross-sectional audit was conducted using primary care data from Aboriginal regular Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service (ACCHS) clinic attendees aged 15 years and over (n=1763) in five remote communities in the Kimberley region. Main outcome measures were overall diabetes prevalence; age-specific diabetes prevalence; prevalence of pre-diabetes; and screening rates among patients …


Multiple Daily Injection Insulin Regimen Is An Effective, And More Economical, Alternative To Continuous Insulin Infusion For Type 1 Diabetics, Julia Yee 2024 Wayne State University, School of Medicine

Multiple Daily Injection Insulin Regimen Is An Effective, And More Economical, Alternative To Continuous Insulin Infusion For Type 1 Diabetics, Julia Yee

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Heller S, White D, Lee E, et al. A cluster randomised trial, cost-effectiveness analysis and psychosocial evaluation of insulin pump therapy compared with multiple injections during flexible intensive insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes: the REPOSE Trial. Health Technol Assess. 2017 Apr;21(20):1-278. https://doi.org/10.3310/hta21200

for a patient with type 1 diabetes.


Primary Adrenal Insufficiency In Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 1 - A Case Report And Literature Review, Hafiza A. Qadeer MD, Reshma Samkutty, Caitlyn Moss 2024 Reading Hospital - Tower Health

Primary Adrenal Insufficiency In Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome Type 1 - A Case Report And Literature Review, Hafiza A. Qadeer Md, Reshma Samkutty, Caitlyn Moss

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome (APS) type 1 is a rare autosomal recessive disorder secondary to AIRE gene mutation, that is classically characterized by autoimmune hypoparathyroidism, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and Addison’s disease. A review of the literature shows that these disease manifestations may present in any order in different age groups. Patients with APS type 1 are also at risk for other endocrinopathies. We present the case of a female patient with a history of APS type 1 and type 1 diabetes who presented with new onset hypoglycemia and decreased insulin requirement and was diagnosed with new onset adrenal insufficiency due to …


Phaeochromocytoma-Induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Presented With Cardiogenic Shock, Wong Lai Sze Alice, Yu Cheuk-Man, Hong Kam Fai Jeffrey, Tsang Man Wo, Wat Yiu Kin Jason, Tong Mei Wa Gensy 2024 Diabetes and Endocrinology Centre, Hong Kong Baptist Hospital, 222 Waterloo Road, Hong Kong

Phaeochromocytoma-Induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Presented With Cardiogenic Shock, Wong Lai Sze Alice, Yu Cheuk-Man, Hong Kam Fai Jeffrey, Tsang Man Wo, Wat Yiu Kin Jason, Tong Mei Wa Gensy

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Background: Phaeochromocytoma, on its own, is a rare endocrine condition. Patient that presents with cardiogenic shock as a result of phaeochromocytoma-induced Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is even rarer, as phaeochromocytoma classically presents with hypertension. Clinical awareness and understanding of this disease entity is important for early identification and appropriate management of this endocrine emergency. Case presentation: A 39-year-old woman presented with one day history of repeated vomiting associated with epigastric pain. Her condition deteriorated rapidly with acute cardiac and renal failure with cardiogenic shock after intravenous fluid infusion, requiring high flow oxygen and high dose inotropic support in intensive care unit. Subsequent …


Hyperkalemia: Pharmacotherapies And Clinical Considerations, Evan S. Sinnathamby, Kelly T. Banh, William T. Barham, Tyler D. Hernandez, Audrey J. De Witt, Danielle M. Wenger, Vincent G. Klapper, David McGregor, Antonella Paladini, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi 2024 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Hyperkalemia: Pharmacotherapies And Clinical Considerations, Evan S. Sinnathamby, Kelly T. Banh, William T. Barham, Tyler D. Hernandez, Audrey J. De Witt, Danielle M. Wenger, Vincent G. Klapper, David Mcgregor, Antonella Paladini, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye, Giustino Varrassi

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Hyperkalemia has been defined as a condition where a serum potassium level is > 5.5 mmol/l. It is associated with fatal dysrhythmias and muscular dysfunction. Certain medical conditions, such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes mellitus, and others, can lead to hyperkalemia. Many of the signs of hyperkalemia are nonspecific. A history and physical examination can be beneficial in the diagnosis of the condition. In this regard, certain characteristic electrocardiogram findings are associated with hyperkalemia along with laboratory potassium levels. In acute and potentially lethal conditions, hyperkalemia treatments include glucose and insulin, bicarbonate, calcium gluconate, beta-2 agonists, hyperventilation, and dialysis. There …


Perceived Neighborhood Disorder And Type 2 Diabetes Disparities In Hispanic, Black, And White Americans, Min Ying Yu, Alfredo J. Velasquez, Belinda Campos, Jennifer W. Robinette 2024 Chapman University

Perceived Neighborhood Disorder And Type 2 Diabetes Disparities In Hispanic, Black, And White Americans, Min Ying Yu, Alfredo J. Velasquez, Belinda Campos, Jennifer W. Robinette

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction: Approximately 32 million Americans have type 2 diabetes, and that number continues to grow. Higher prevalence rates are observed among certain subgroups, including members of marginalized racial/ethnic groups as well as residents of disordered neighborhoods (i.e., those with more trash and vandalism). Institutionalized discriminatory practices have resulted in disproportionate representation of marginalized racial/ethnic groups in disordered neighborhoods compared to non-Hispanic Whites. These neighborhood disparities may partially contribute to health disparities, given that signs of neighborhood disorder often relate to a general withdrawal from the neighborhood, minimizing opportunities for both physical and social engagement. Yet, research suggests variability across …


Utility Of Bariatric Surgery In The Remission Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Christine Ercoline, Alyssa Bower, Corinne Singh 2023 James Madison University

Utility Of Bariatric Surgery In The Remission Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Christine Ercoline, Alyssa Bower, Corinne Singh

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Objective: Assess whether bariatric surgery is more effective than lifestyle modification and medication in the long-term reduction of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose among obese adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: A PubMed search was performed utilizing the terms bariatric surgery, type 2 diabetes and remission. In PubMed the following limits and terms were used: published in the last 10 years, humans, full text, clinical trial, randomized control trial, and English. Results: An analysis of three randomized control trials (RCTs) supports bariatric surgery as a modality to induce the remission of type 2 …


Enhancing Diabetic Patient Continuous Glucose Monitoring Access, Colleen Ildefonso 2023 The University of San Francisco

Enhancing Diabetic Patient Continuous Glucose Monitoring Access, Colleen Ildefonso

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Diabetic patients utilize treatments that require frequent monitoring and medication changes based on their blood sugar results. Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) is more commonly used for diabetes management as time in range is becoming more prevalent to measure diabetes outcomes. Many diabetic patients find CGM use more accessible than finger sticks and glucometers. In contrast, others utilize the technology to closely monitor their blood sugars for interventions throughout the day. However, older adults have difficulty facilitating new CGM technology and may require further reinforcement using additional education methods such as teach-back.

Context: The endocrinology clinic serves a patient population, …


Evidence-Based Intervention For Decreasing Chronic Kidney Progression In Patients With Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus, Lynn M. Johnson 2023 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Evidence-Based Intervention For Decreasing Chronic Kidney Progression In Patients With Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus, Lynn M. Johnson

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: The overall management of Type II Diabetes Mellitus (DM II) and the complications that accompany along with comorbidities are debilitating and financially exhausting. The American Diabetes Association dietary recommends a consistent low-carbohydrate diet to maintain optimal blood glucose levels to prevent complications and progression of other comorbidities. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus leads to the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) which can lead to the progression to End Stage Renal Disease.

PICOT: In patients in the outpatient setting aged 18 years and older(P), how does the ADA dietary guidelines for patients with type II DM(I) compared with patients self-reported …


Dietary Analysis For Hashimoto’S Thyroiditis: An Integrative Review, Evan Thompson, Alison Hultquist 2023 Kennesaw State University

Dietary Analysis For Hashimoto’S Thyroiditis: An Integrative Review, Evan Thompson, Alison Hultquist

Master of Science in Nursing Final Projects

Abstract

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis (HT) is the leading cause of primary hypothyroidism in the United States. In HT, there is an infiltration by lymphocytes which leads to the production of autoantibodies against the thyroid gland. Throughout this integrative review, the aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of micronutrient supplementation and dietary management as adjunct treatments in HT. The purpose was to assist primary care providers in the development of a more holistic plan of care. Literature published within the past seven years was gathered and reviewed from PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. Findings indicate that many patients with HT may benefit …


Emergency Department Presentations Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis In A Large Cohort Of Children, Lisa E. Nigrovic, Nathan Kuppermann, Simona Ghetti, Jeff E. Schunk, Michael J. Stoner, Arleta Rewers, Julie K. McManemy, Kimberly S. Quayle, Jennifer L. Trainor, Leah Tzimenatos, Jonathan E. Bennett, Maria Y. Kwok, Sage R. Myers, Kathleen M. Brown, T. Charles Casper, Cody S. Olsen, Nicole S. Glaser 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Emergency Department Presentations Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis In A Large Cohort Of Children, Lisa E. Nigrovic, Nathan Kuppermann, Simona Ghetti, Jeff E. Schunk, Michael J. Stoner, Arleta Rewers, Julie K. Mcmanemy, Kimberly S. Quayle, Jennifer L. Trainor, Leah Tzimenatos, Jonathan E. Bennett, Maria Y. Kwok, Sage R. Myers, Kathleen M. Brown, T. Charles Casper, Cody S. Olsen, Nicole S. Glaser

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Background.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of childhood diabetes. However, the influence of demographic factors on presentation are not well-defined.

Methods.

We included children from 12 centers who were <18 years with DKA (glucose > 300 mg/dL, serum pH < 7.25, or serum bicarbonate <15 mEq/L) enrolled in the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) Fluid Therapies Under Investigation in DKA (FLUID) Trial. Data were also collected for children who presented to the centers during the enrollment period but were not enrolled due to disease or treatment-related reasons. We compared demographic, clinical, and biochemical findings among children with newly and previously diagnosed diabetes and children in different age groups.

Results.

Of the 1,679 DKA episodes in 1,553 children, 799 (47.5%) episodes occurred in children with newly diagnosed diabetes and 396 (23.6%) were severe (pH < 7.1). Newly diagnosed children <6 years of age were not more likely to have severe DKA in terms of pH, but had more severe hypocarbia and higher blood urea nitrogen levels, factors previously associated with the risk of cerebral injury. Lower socioeconomic status (SES) (based on family income and maternal education level) were associated with more severe DKA in new onset children, and recurrent DKA in the previously diagnosed children.

Conclusions.

Greater efforts are needed to identify the children with diabetes early and to prevent recurrent DKA, particularly among children in low-SES groups. Young children with DKA may need more intensive monitoring due to higher …


Improving Effective Care In Obese Patients In A Primary Care Clinic, Amy Miller 2023 University of Louisiana at Monroe

Improving Effective Care In Obese Patients In A Primary Care Clinic, Amy Miller

Journal of Interprofessional Practice and Collaboration

Background: Obesity is a preventable epidemic and costs the United States $200 billion annually. The leading causes of death are linked to obesity.

Local Problem: In a chart review, 53% of patients at a northeast Louisiana primary care clinic were obese. However, none were offered comprehensive lifestyle intervention. The aim was to increase the percentage of patients with BMI < 30 kg/m2 to 60% over 8 weeks.

Methods: A rapid-cycle quality improvement initiative was implemented using four Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles over 8 weeks. Each cycle produced tests of change related to screening, patient and team engagement, and assessing effective care. Run charts and aggregate tables were used to analyze …


Cgm Use With Interprofessional Therapy Management Improves Hba1c Levels In T2dm Patients, Stephen R. Hill, Courtney Robertson, Teri B. O'Neal, Sonia Garner 2023 University of Louisiana Monroe College of Pharmacy

Cgm Use With Interprofessional Therapy Management Improves Hba1c Levels In T2dm Patients, Stephen R. Hill, Courtney Robertson, Teri B. O'Neal, Sonia Garner

Journal of Interprofessional Practice and Collaboration

Background

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease state with increased complications over time from uncontrolled glucose. Significant data has shown benefits of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in reducing glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) patients, but a lack of robust evidence is seen in T2DM. This study assessed the impact of short-term CGM placement on HbA1c levels in T2DM.

Objectives

The primary outcome was the change in baseline HbA1c levels in patients with T2DM up to six months after CGM placement. Secondary outcomes assessed intensification of diabetes medications made by an interprofessional team …


Enhancing Diabetes Care In Lmics: Insights From A Multinational Consensus, Jose Carlos Miranda, S Abbas Raza, Babatope Kolawole, Jahanzeb Kamal Khan, Atiba Alvi, Fariha Sadiq Ali, Ejim Emmanuel Chukwudi, Nanik Ram, Amira Oluwatoyin 2023 Southeast Asian Medical Center, Philippines

Enhancing Diabetes Care In Lmics: Insights From A Multinational Consensus, Jose Carlos Miranda, S Abbas Raza, Babatope Kolawole, Jahanzeb Kamal Khan, Atiba Alvi, Fariha Sadiq Ali, Ejim Emmanuel Chukwudi, Nanik Ram, Amira Oluwatoyin

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

The International Cardio-Metabolic Forum held a plenary session to establish a multinational consensus on the challenges faced in diabetes management within lower-middle-income countries (LMICs) and their potential solutions. Stakeholders, including patients, family/caretakers, healthcare professionals, and healthcare policymakers & organizations, participated in discussions. The audience of 280 doctors from 15 different countries (Pakistan, Qatar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Myanmar, Georgia, Nigeria, Philippines, Uzbekistan, Iraq, Tanzania, Cambodia, Kazakhstan, South Sudan and Libya) was divided into 4 groups led by Group Leaders to represent each stakeholder group. Questionnaires addressing key challenges and solutions specific to each group were used to facilitate consensus development. Participants …


Diabetes-Associated Hyperglycemia Causes Rapid-Onset Ocular Surface Damage, Judy Weng, Christopher Ross, Jacob Baker, Saleh Alfuraih, Kiumars Shamloo, Ajay Sharma 2023 Chapman University

Diabetes-Associated Hyperglycemia Causes Rapid-Onset Ocular Surface Damage, Judy Weng, Christopher Ross, Jacob Baker, Saleh Alfuraih, Kiumars Shamloo, Ajay Sharma

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose: The metabolic alterations due to chronic hyperglycemia are well-known to cause diabetes-associated complications. Short-term hyperglycemia has also been shown to cause many acute changes, including hemodynamic alterations and osmotic, oxidative, and inflammatory stress. The present study was designed to investigate whether diabetes-associated hyperglycemia can cause rapid-onset detrimental effects on the tear film, goblet cells, and glycocalyx and can lead to activation of an inflammatory cascade or cellular stress response in the cornea.

Methods: Mouse models of type 1 and type 2 diabetes were used. Tear film volume, goblet cell number, and corneal glycocalyx area were measured on …


Untargeted Metabolomics Analysis On Kidney Tissues From Mice Reveals Potential Hypoxia Biomarkers, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Francisco J. Nunez, Farideh Amirrad, Moom Rahman Roosan, Tom Vojtko, Scott McCulloch, Amal Alachkar, Surya M. Nauli 2023 Chapman University

Untargeted Metabolomics Analysis On Kidney Tissues From Mice Reveals Potential Hypoxia Biomarkers, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Francisco J. Nunez, Farideh Amirrad, Moom Rahman Roosan, Tom Vojtko, Scott Mcculloch, Amal Alachkar, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Chronic hypoxia may have a huge impact on the cardiovascular and renal systems. Advancements in microscopy, metabolomics, and bioinformatics provide opportunities to identify new biomarkers. In this study, we aimed at elucidating the metabolic alterations in kidney tissues induced by chronic hypoxia using untargeted metabolomic analyses. Reverse phase ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy/mass spectroscopy (RP–UPLC–MS/MS) and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC)–UPLC–MS/MS methods with positive and negative ion mode electrospray ionization were used for metabolic profiling. The metabolomic profiling revealed an increase in metabolites related to carnitine synthesis and purine metabolism. Additionally, there was a notable increase in bilirubin. Heme, N-acetyl-L-aspartic …


Social Supports For Adolescent And Young Adult Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Patients: A Scoping Review, Caitlin E. Mungall 2023 Western University

Social Supports For Adolescent And Young Adult Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Patients: A Scoping Review, Caitlin E. Mungall

Western Libraries Undergraduate Research Awards (WLURAs)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a chronic disorder with negative health consequences for millions of women. The paucity of research regarding interventions targeting the psychosocial symptoms of PCOS for adolescents and young adults (AYAs), susceptible to low self-esteem and depression, warranted this review. This paper provides an overview of research on the social supports currently available for AYAs and identifies areas where further research is required to elucidate their support needs. A scoping review methodology identified 15 studies that met inclusion criteria. Findings revealed that this is an emerging field of research and most included studies originated in North America. …


Penile Calciphylaxis In An End Stage Renal Disease Patient., Juan Enrique Garcia Lopez, Alain Velazquez Blanco, Aileen Aguilar, Sareena Siyas, Daniel Ibarias Paz, Mays Abdulazeez, Jesus Garza-Tamez, Desmond Adamu 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Penile Calciphylaxis In An End Stage Renal Disease Patient., Juan Enrique Garcia Lopez, Alain Velazquez Blanco, Aileen Aguilar, Sareena Siyas, Daniel Ibarias Paz, Mays Abdulazeez, Jesus Garza-Tamez, Desmond Adamu

Research Colloquium

Background: Penile Calciphylaxis occurs in about 1–4% of hemodialysis patients worldwide. Associated mortality rates are very high, and hyperparathyroidism is the second most frequently associated disorder. Addressing the resulting metabolic imbalance, and surgical intervention guided by findings of radiological studies may improve quality of life. The pathogenesis is thought to be mediated by vascular smooth muscle cells which differentiate into osteoblast-like cells. Decrease in vascular calcification inhibitory proteins fetuin-A and matrix Gla is found in patients on dialysis causing systemic medial calcification of arterioles, leading to epidermal ischemia, tissue infarction, and ulceration.

Case presentation: 47-year-old male with history of coronary …


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