Is There Room For Individual Patient-Specified Preferences In The Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Revolution?, 2023 HealthPartners Institute
Is There Room For Individual Patient-Specified Preferences In The Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Revolution?, Leif I. Solberg, Jeanette Y. Ziegenfuss, Rachael L. Rivard, Christine K. Norton, Robin R. Whitebird, Glyn Elwyn, Mark Swiontkowski
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: The study aim was to test the feasibility of collecting qualitative patient-preferred outcomes or goals and the degree of their attainment as an addition to a standardized process for collecting quantitative composite patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) from patients undergoing knee joint replacement..
Methods: Patients of a large Midwestern medical group scheduled to have total replacement of their knee joint have been asked to complete a PROMs survey preoperatively and at 3 and 12 months after surgery since 2014. In March 2020, an open-ended question about their most important preferred outcome was added to the existing questionnaire. The responses for …
Ciprofloxacin-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy: A Case Report, 2023 Texas Christian University Burnett School of Medicine, Fort Worth, TX
Ciprofloxacin-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy: A Case Report, Alexander Refaeian, Eric L. Vest, Michael Schmidt, Jorge D. Guerra, Mohd N. Refaei, Michael Refaeian, Ryan A. Floresca, Manouchehr Refaeian
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Fluoroquinolones, a class of antibiotics, are commonly employed in the treatment of a wide array of bacterial infections. Recognized for their effectiveness against a broad spectrum of pathogens, fluoroquinolones have played a pivotal role in managing conditions like urinary tract infections and respiratory diseases. Nevertheless, their usage is not without contention due to their association with a variety of adverse effects, including tendon rupture and the less frequently reported issue of peripheral neuropathy.
We present the case of a 42-year-old male who developed peripheral neuropathy several days after completing a 10-day course of ciprofloxacin for gastroenteritis. The …
Characterization Of Epithelial Growth Factor Transcripts Identified In Crotalus Atrox Venom, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Characterization Of Epithelial Growth Factor Transcripts Identified In Crotalus Atrox Venom, Ivan Lopez, Ying Jia
Epithelial Growth Factor (EGF) is the primary source in regeneration and stimulation of essential fibroblasts cells commonly found in epithelium. Studies have shown that snake venom components are becoming a growing factor in treating illnesses such as cancer, muscular dystrophy, chronic pain, blood pressure, blood clotting, etc. EGF in human cells contains a promising quaternary structure that can bind to snake venom metalloproteinases, proposing a means of activating biochemical responses through protein-protein interactions to regulate unwanted cellular functions. This supports promising research in achieving a greater understanding of regulation along cellular pathways through ligands, increasing the likelihood of targeting unwanted …
Treatment Of Knee Synovitis From Psoriatic Arthritis With Platelet Rich Plasma Injection, 2023 Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine
Treatment Of Knee Synovitis From Psoriatic Arthritis With Platelet Rich Plasma Injection, Nicolle Mazzei, Arielle Hall, Cody Clinton
Cooper Rowan Medical Journal
Psoriatic arthritis has been known to cause many inflammatory clinical features, including synovitis. In the past, synovitis has been primarily treated with NSAIDs, corticosteroid injections, and synovectomy when needed. This case report outlines a 49-year-old female with synovitis caused by psoriatic arthritis who did not respond to conventional treatment options and was apprehensive to surgery. She was offered a platelet rich plasma (PRP) injection as alternative therapy to a synovectomy. This case explores the use of PRP injections as a potential treatment modality for patients with synovitis caused by psoriatic arthritis. This patient was able to show improvement in her …
Minoxidil Weakens Newly Synthesized Collagen In Fibrotic Synoviocytes From Osteoarthritis Patients, 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans
Minoxidil Weakens Newly Synthesized Collagen In Fibrotic Synoviocytes From Osteoarthritis Patients, Stefan Sarkovich, Peter P. Issa, Andrew Longanecker, Davis Martin, Kaitlyn Redondo, Patrick Mcternan, Jennifer Simkin, Luis Marrero
School of Medicine Faculty Publications
Purpose: Synovial fibrosis (SFb) formation and turnover attributable to knee osteoarthritis (KOA) can impart painful stiffness and persist following arthroplasty. To supplement joint conditioning aimed at maximizing peri-operative function, we evaluated the antifibrotic effect of Minoxidil (MXD) on formation of pyridinoline (Pyd) cross-links catalyzed by Plod2-encoded lysyl hydroxylase (LH)2b that strengthen newly synthesized type-I collagen (COL1) in fibroblastic synovial cells (FSCs) from KOA patients. MXD was predicted to decrease Pyd without significant alterations to Col1a1 transcription by FSCs stimulated with transforming growth factor (TGF)β1. Methods: Synovium from 10 KOA patients grouped by SFb severity was preserved for picrosirius and LH2b …
Muscle Defects Lead To Skeletal Deformities In A Zebrafish Model Of Distal Arthrogryposis, 2023 University of Maine
Muscle Defects Lead To Skeletal Deformities In A Zebrafish Model Of Distal Arthrogryposis, Emily A. Tomak
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Distal Arthrogryposis Type 1 (DA1) involves mild muscle weakness and limb skeletal abnormalities thought to be caused by paralysis in utero. Why the limbs are particularly affected in DA1 and the degree of paralysis that leads to these skeletal deformities in utero remains unclear. Several muscle genes are known to cause DA1, including MYLPF (myosin light chain phosphorylatable), which encodes a myosin light chain protein that binds close to the force-generating head of myosin heavy chains. The zebrafish mylpfa-/- mutant displays a phenotype consistent with DA1, including impaired myosin activity, reduced muscle force overall, and complete fin paralysis. I …
Pannexin3 In Exercise, Obesity, And Osteoarthritis, 2023 Western University
Pannexin3 In Exercise, Obesity, And Osteoarthritis, Brent Wakefield
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Pannexin 3 (PANX3), is a glycoprotein that oligomerizes to form mechano-sensitive channels expressed in musculoskeletal tissues, and has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of obesity and osteoarthritis (OA). Obesity and OA are two of the most prevalent diseases worldwide, leading to disability and even death. These conditions are thought to originate from a complex interaction between genetics, aging, sex, and modifiable lifestyle factors, such as exercise. Investigating the interactions between genetic and exercise may provide a more comprehensive, context-specific understanding of gene function. This thesis aimed to understand the interactions between PANX3 and exercise interventions on …
Socioeconomic Disparities Exist In Access To Rotator Cuff Repair Surgery, 2023 University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine
Socioeconomic Disparities Exist In Access To Rotator Cuff Repair Surgery, Justin Solarczyk, Heather Roberts Md, Stephanie Wong Md, Derek Ward Md
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Background: The relationship of socioeconomic disparity in access to rotator cuff repair (RCR) has not been well studied. Socioeconomic, racial, and ethnic disparities in access to surgical management of rotator cuff tears have previously been described in patients with commercial insurance. This study is a population-level analysis which investigates racial and ethnic disparities in access to surgical rotator cuff repair across multiple health insurance statuses.
Purpose: (1) Is non-white race and ethnicity associated with lower rates of RCR? (2) Do these associations change throughout different insurance statuses?
Methods: We used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) database to identify …
Abaloparatide Maintains Normal Rat Blood Calcium Level In Part Via 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D/Osteocalcin Signaling Pathway, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Abaloparatide Maintains Normal Rat Blood Calcium Level In Part Via 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D/Osteocalcin Signaling Pathway, Yanmei Yang, Wei-Ju Louis Tseng, Bin Wang
Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers
The PTH-related peptide(1-34) analog, abaloparatide (ABL), is the second anabolic drug available for the treatment of osteoporosis. Previous research demonstrated that ABL had a potent anabolic effect but caused hypercalcemia at a significantly lower rate. However, the mechanism by which ABL maintains the stability of blood calcium levels remains poorly understood. Our in vivo data showed that ABL treatment (40 µg/kg/day for 7 days) significantly increased rat blood level of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D] without raising the blood calcium value. ABL also significantly augmented the carboxylated osteocalcin (Gla-Ocn) in the blood and bone that is synthesized by osteoblasts, and increased noncarboxylated …
Identification Of Potential Non-Invasive Biomarkers In Diastrophic Dysplasia, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Identification Of Potential Non-Invasive Biomarkers In Diastrophic Dysplasia, Chiara Paganini, Ricki S. Carroll, Chiara Gramegna Tota, Andrea J. Schelhaas, Alessandra Leone, Angela L. Duker, David A. O'Connell, Ryan F. Coghlan, Brian Johnstone, Carlos R. Ferreira, Sabrina Peressini, Riccardo Albertini, Antonella Forlino, Luisa Bonafé, Ana Belinda Campos-Xavier, Andrea Superti-Furga, Andreas Zankl, Antonio Rossi, Michael B. Bober
Student Papers, Posters & Projects
Diastrophic dysplasia (DTD) is a recessive chondrodysplasia caused by pathogenic variants in the SLC26A2 gene encoding for a cell membrane sulfate/chloride antiporter crucial for sulfate uptake and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) sulfation. Research on a DTD animal model has suggested possible pharmacological treatment approaches. In view of future clinical trials, the identification of non-invasive biomarkers is crucial to assess the efficacy of treatments. Urinary GAG composition has been analyzed in several metabolic disorders including mucopolysaccharidoses. Moreover, the N-terminal fragment of collagen X, known as collagen X marker (CXM), is considered a real-time marker of endochondral ossification and growth velocity and was studied …
Incorporating Poi As A Therapeutic Modality For Preschool Aged Children In The Care Clinic, 2023 Nova Southeastern University
Incorporating Poi As A Therapeutic Modality For Preschool Aged Children In The Care Clinic, Danielle Zirkle
Department of Occupational Therapy Entry-Level Capstone Projects
No abstract provided.
Proteoglycan 4 (Prg4)/Lubricin And The Extracellular Matrix In Gout, 2023 Chapman University
Proteoglycan 4 (Prg4)/Lubricin And The Extracellular Matrix In Gout, Khaled A. Elsaid, Gregory D. Jay, Ru Liu-Bryan, Robert Terkeltaub
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) is a mucinous glycoprotein secreted by synovial fibroblasts and superficial zone chondrocytes, released into synovial fluid, and adsorbed on cartilage and synovial surfaces. PRG4′s roles include cartilage boundary lubrication, synovial homeostasis, immunomodulation, and suppression of inflammation. Gouty arthritis is mediated by monosodium urate (MSU) crystal phagocytosis by synovial macrophages, with NLRP3 inflammasome activation and IL-1β release. The phagocytic receptor CD44 mediates MSU crystal uptake by macrophages. By binding CD44, PRG4 limits MSU crystal uptake and downstream inflammation. PRG4/CD44 signaling is transduced by protein phosphatase 2A, which inhibits NF-κB, decreases xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR), urate production, and ROS-mediated IL-1β …
Stellate Ganglion Block For Refractory Raynaud’S Phenomenon- A Case Report, 2023 Trinity Health Ann Arbor Mercy Health-Saint Rita's Medical Center
Stellate Ganglion Block For Refractory Raynaud’S Phenomenon- A Case Report, William J. Naber Ii, Derik J. Scribner, Gabriel Howard
Graduate Medical Education Research Journal
Introduction: Raynaud’s phenomenon (RP) is predominately a sympathetically mediated ischemic vasospastic disease involving the distal limbs and is associated with sharp pains, numbness, and dermatological color changes. The symptoms are commonly induced by cold weather, stress, and trauma and it is known to affect 4.85% of the population. There are few well-defined treatments for patients with RP that are refractory to 1st-line therapies. We present a case of intractable RP with corresponding response to stellate ganglion block (SGB) which demonstrates the efficacy profile and safety of SNS blocks in treatment of resistant RP.
Methods: Per Bon Secours Mercy Health …
Posttreatment Lyme Disease Syndrome And Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Systematic Review And Comparison Of Pathogenesis, Natalie Bai, Christie Richardson
Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship
Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne illness in the United States and has been causing significant morbidity since its discovery in 1977. It is well-documented that about 10% of patients properly treated with antibiotics never fully recover, but instead go on to develop a chronic illness dubbed, posttreatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS) characterized by severe fatigue, cognitive slowing, chronic pain, and sleep difficulties. This review includes 18 studies that detail the symptoms of patients with PTLDS and uses qualitative analysis to compare them to myalgic encephalitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS), a strikingly similar syndrome. In the majority of the PTLDS …
Development And Validation Of An Ultrahigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry Method To Investigate The Plasma Pharmacokinetics Of A KCa2.2/KCa2.3 Positive Allosteric Modulator In Mice, 2023 Chapman University
Development And Validation Of An Ultrahigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry Method To Investigate The Plasma Pharmacokinetics Of A KCa2.2/KCa2.3 Positive Allosteric Modulator In Mice, Mohammad Asikur Rahman, Devaraj Venkatapura Chandrashekar, Young-Woo Nam, Basir Syed, David Salehi, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Miao Zhang, Reza Mehvar
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
There is currently no treatment for spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs), which are a group of genetic disorders that often cause a lack of coordination, difficulty walking, slurred speech, tremors, and eventually death. Activation of KCa2.2/KCa2.3 channels reportedly exerts beneficial effects in SCAs. Here, we report the development and validation of an analytical method for quantitating a recently developed positive allosteric modulator of KCa2.2/KCa2.3 channels (compound 2q) in mouse plasma.
Mouse plasma samples (10 μL) containing various concentrations of 2q were subjected to protein precipitation in the presence of a structurally similar …
Identifying The Neural Correlates Of Anticipatory Postural Control: A Novel Fmri Paradigm, 2023 Chapman University
Identifying The Neural Correlates Of Anticipatory Postural Control: A Novel Fmri Paradigm, Jo Armour Smith, Rongwen Tain, Kelli G. Sharp, Laura M. Glynn, Linda R. Van Dillen, Korinne Henslee, Jesse V. Jacobs, Steven C. Cramer
Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research
Altered postural control in the trunk/hip musculature is a characteristic of multiple neurological and musculoskeletal conditions. Previously it was not possible to determine if altered cortical and subcortical sensorimotor brain activation underlies impairments in postural control. This study used a novel fMRI-compatible paradigm to identify the brain activation associated with postural control in the trunk and hip musculature. BOLD fMRI imaging was conducted as participants performed two versions of a lower limb task involving lifting the left leg to touch the foot to a target. For the supported leg raise (SLR) the leg is raised from the knee while the …
Case Report And Review: Hawthorne Root Toxicity, 2023 Rowan University
Case Report And Review: Hawthorne Root Toxicity, James Espinosa, Darren Finn, Alan Lucerna
Stratford Campus Research Day
Here we present the case of a patient who purchased a hawthorn root product, Raiz de Tejocote, for weight loss purposes. The side effect profile seen, including a positive digoxin level, are consistent with hawthorn root. This case reinforces the importance of asking a patient about all medications, including over the internet medications.
Case Report: Use Of Bedside Handheld Ultrasound To Diagnose Finger Dislocation, 2023 Jefferson Health
Case Report: Use Of Bedside Handheld Ultrasound To Diagnose Finger Dislocation, Frank Wheeler, Philip Carhart, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema
Stratford Campus Research Day
Here we present the case of a 37-year-old male with a finger injury in which finger dislocation was suspected clinically. A bedside pocket ultrasound was performed using a water submersion technique, which identified a posterior dislocated right 2nd digit at the PIP joint. This finding was confirmed with an x-ray. This case report demonstrates that ultrasonography can be utilized to correctly identify finger dislocation. Although larger studies need to be performed to validate the accuracy of this imaging technique, the implications may improve care of the patient. It would also be particularly beneficial for this technique to be applied to …
Comparative Outcomes Of Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation And Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation With Patellar Realignment For Patellar Instability With Associated Cartilage Defects, 2023 Rowan University
Comparative Outcomes Of Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation And Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation With Patellar Realignment For Patellar Instability With Associated Cartilage Defects, Adeeb Hanna, Michael Campbell, John Matthews, Gabriel Onor, Emma Johnson, Bradford Tucker, Kevin Freedman
Stratford Campus Research Day
Abstract Background: Articular cartilage pathology can stem from a spectrum of etiologies including osteochondritis dissecans, avascular necrosis, degenerative joint disease, and injury resulting from recurrent instability of the patella.
Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify differences in clinical and functional outcomes in patients treated with either ACI or OCA transplantation for chondral defects with concomitant MPFL reconstruction and tibia tubercle osteotomy.
Study Design: Retrospective Cohort Study
Methods: A retrospective review identified patients who underwent autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) or osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation with concomitant medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction and tibia tubercle osteotomy (TTO). Outcome measures …
Determining Accuracy Of Chondral Lesion Sizing Methods Prior To Surgery, 2023 Rowan University
Determining Accuracy Of Chondral Lesion Sizing Methods Prior To Surgery, Adeeb Hanna, Henson Destine, Emma Johnson, Michael Campbell, Austin Looney, Dominic Farronato, Joshua Pezzulo, Bradford S. Tucker, Kevin Freedman
Stratford Campus Research Day
Background: Osteochondral lesions of the knee may require cartilage restoration such as osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation or autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). Although MRI and arthroscopy can offer valuable information regarding lesion characteristics prior to these procedures, no study has compared the use of each in estimating the sizes of grafts used at the time of surgical correction.
Hypothesis/Purpose: To compare osteochondral defect size measurements and characteristics across MRI, arthroscopy, and at the time of implantation with OCA or ACI. Study Design: Retrospective Cohort Study (Level III)
Methods: Patients who underwent ACI and OCA transplantation at a single institution between 2015 …