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Creating A Guideline For Sti Testing In The Pediatric Population, Alexandria Molaro, Alexandra Evans, Alex Niebrugge 2022 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Creating A Guideline For Sti Testing In The Pediatric Population, Alexandria Molaro, Alexandra Evans, Alex Niebrugge

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention, education, screening, and management in pediatric primary care settings are of importance due to the increasing number of cases yearly. Almost half of the 26 million new STIs that occurred in 2018 were among young people 15-24. An opportunity existed in a rural pediatric primary clinic, for improved adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) or American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations to screen/test patients. An evidence-based project (EBP) was developed to address this concern. Project objectives included: developing STI screening guidelines for pre-teen to young adults, developing a screening algorithm, providing ...


Human Papillomavirus-Associated Anal Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions In Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women Living With And Without Hiv In Karachi Pakistan: Implications For Screening And Prevention, Muslima Ejaz, Muhammad Mubarak, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Sören Andersson, Anna Mia Ekström 2021 Aga Khan University

Human Papillomavirus-Associated Anal Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions In Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women Living With And Without Hiv In Karachi Pakistan: Implications For Screening And Prevention, Muslima Ejaz, Muhammad Mubarak, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Sören Andersson, Anna Mia Ekström

Community Health Sciences

Background: Anal squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASIL), strongly related to human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, is more prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM). However, no such data are available for Pakistan yet, and neither HPV vaccination nor anal-cytology screening is implemented in Pakistan. The purpose of this first ever study was to assess the prevalence of HPV-related anal cytological abnormalities among MSM and transgender women living with and without HIV infection in Pakistan.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study from March 2016 to November 2017 at sexual health centers run by the Perwaaz Trust and the National AIDS ...


Anal Human Papillomavirus Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women Living With And Without Hiv In Pakistan: Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study, Muslima Ejaz, Soren Andersson, Salma Batool, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Anna Mia Ekström 2021 Aga Khan University

Anal Human Papillomavirus Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women Living With And Without Hiv In Pakistan: Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study, Muslima Ejaz, Soren Andersson, Salma Batool, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Anna Mia Ekström

Community Health Sciences

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of infection, genotypes and risk factors for human papillomavirus (HPV) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women living with and without HIV in Pakistan. Anal infection with HPV is very common worldwide among MSM, particularly among MSM living with HIV. The high prevalence of HIV among MSM and male-to-female transgendered individuals in Pakistan is a significant health concern since access to screening and health-seeking is often delayed in this stigmatised key population.
Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2016 and November 2017.
Participants ...


Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Remains Dependent On Oncogenic Drivers Found In Primary Tumors, David J. Einstein, Seiji Arai, Carla Calagua, Fang Xie, Olga Voznesensky, Brian J. Capaldo, Christina Luffman, Jonathan L. Hecht, Steven P. Balk, Adam G. Sowalsky, Joshua W. Russo 2021 Harvard Medical School

Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Remains Dependent On Oncogenic Drivers Found In Primary Tumors, David J. Einstein, Seiji Arai, Carla Calagua, Fang Xie, Olga Voznesensky, Brian J. Capaldo, Christina Luffman, Jonathan L. Hecht, Steven P. Balk, Adam G. Sowalsky, Joshua W. Russo

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

Metastatic prostate cancer is initially sensitive to androgen receptor inhibition, but eventually becomes castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Early use of more intensive therapies targeting androgen receptor and other oncogenic drivers in treatment-naive primary prostate cancer (PC) may be more effective than that in advanced mCRPC. However, analysis of primary tumors may not reveal targetable metastatic drivers that are subclonal in the primary tumor or acquired at metastatic sites.

METHODS: PC samples spanning one patient's clinical course: diagnostic biopsies, pre- or post-enzalutamide metastatic biopsies, and rapid autopsy samples including a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) were analyzed by targeted exome sequencing followed ...


Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis Presenting After Two Donor Kidney Transplantations: A Case Report And Literature Review, Sasmit Roy, Kyrstin Alexander, Monzurul Hasan Chowdhury, Vijay K. Vanguri, Kenneth A. Bodziak 2021 University of Virginia

Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis Presenting After Two Donor Kidney Transplantations: A Case Report And Literature Review, Sasmit Roy, Kyrstin Alexander, Monzurul Hasan Chowdhury, Vijay K. Vanguri, Kenneth A. Bodziak

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis is a rare, recurring complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. With a mortality rate of 51%, it continues to be a therapeutic enigma among clinicians. However, the incidence after kidney transplantation (KT) has rarely been reported. We report a unique case of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), occurring years after failed initial living KT, and diagnosed after second deceased donor kidney transplantation. A 35-year-old male, on prior PD for 4 years, followed by failed KT of 8 years, was presented with abdominal pain, weight loss, and vomiting, 7 months after his second deceased donor KT. An abdominal computed ...


C-Jun N-Terminal Kinase (Jnk) Signaling Contributes To Cystic Burden In Polycystic Kidney Disease [Preprint], Abigail O. Smith, Julie A. Jonassen, Kenley Preval, Roger J. Davis, Gregory J. Pazour 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

C-Jun N-Terminal Kinase (Jnk) Signaling Contributes To Cystic Burden In Polycystic Kidney Disease [Preprint], Abigail O. Smith, Julie A. Jonassen, Kenley Preval, Roger J. Davis, Gregory J. Pazour

UMass Chan Medical School Faculty Publications

Polycystic kidney disease is an inherited degenerative disease in which the uriniferous tubules are replaced by expanding fluid-filled cysts that ultimately destroy organ function. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common form, afflicting approximately 1 in 1,000 people. It primarily is caused by mutations in the transmembrane proteins polycystin-1 (Pkd1) and polycystin-2 (Pkd2). The most proximal effects of Pkd mutations leading to cyst formation are not known, but pro-proliferative signaling must be involved for the tubule epithelial cells to increase in number over time. The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway promotes proliferation and is activated in ...


Review Of Sexual Health Issues Linked With Cardiovascular Disease And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Males, Veronica Collins, Tamara J. Swann, Jane Burns, Tim Moss, Mick Adams 2021 Healthy Male; Monash University

Review Of Sexual Health Issues Linked With Cardiovascular Disease And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Males, Veronica Collins, Tamara J. Swann, Jane Burns, Tim Moss, Mick Adams

Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin

There are well established links between male sexual health conditions and chronic disease, particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Erectile dysfunction (ED) and low testosterone are two sexual health conditions that are relatively common among the wider male population. However, there is a lack of data specifically about these sexual problems among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males.

One of the most important findings of research regarding the links between sexual health and chronic disease is that ED can be a risk marker for future CVD or undiagnosed T2DM. Understanding these links can lead to more holistic ...


Using Deep Learning To Identify Bladder Cancers With Fgfr-Activating Mutations From Histology Images, Constantine S. Velmahos, Marcus Badgeley, Ying-Chun Lo 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Using Deep Learning To Identify Bladder Cancers With Fgfr-Activating Mutations From Histology Images, Constantine S. Velmahos, Marcus Badgeley, Ying-Chun Lo

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) pathway has been proven to be an important therapeutic target in bladder cancer. FGFR-targeted therapies are effective for patients with FGFR mutation, which can be discovered through genetic sequencing. However, genetic sequencing is not commonly performed at diagnosis, whereas a histologic assessment of the tumor is. We aim to computationally extract imaging biomarkers from existing tumor diagnostic slides in order to predict FGFR alterations in bladder cancer.

METHODS: This study analyzed genomic profiles and HandE-stained tumor diagnostic slides of bladder cancer cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 418 cases ...


Adenocarcinoma Of The Prostate: Future Directions For Translational Science, Tao Wang, Brian C. Lewis, Ameer L. Elaimy, Marcus Ruscetti, Mitchell H. Sokoloff, Kriti Mittal, Thomas J. Fitzgerald 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Adenocarcinoma Of The Prostate: Future Directions For Translational Science, Tao Wang, Brian C. Lewis, Ameer L. Elaimy, Marcus Ruscetti, Mitchell H. Sokoloff, Kriti Mittal, Thomas J. Fitzgerald

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

Adenocarcinoma of the prostate is a common malignancy affecting one in nine men, with six of every 10 cases identified in men older than 66 years, and more adversely affects African American males. It remains less common in men under the age of 40. The age adjusted incidence is increasing with the application of prostate specific antigen (PSA) as a biomarker. PSA helps identifying the disease at an early stage, which is treatable and curable with traditional therapies. However, a significant percentage of men present with high Gleason grade and advanced disease, with lower PSA, and younger age at presentation ...


Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma To Pancreas And Gastrointestinal Tract: A Clinicopathological Study Of 3 Cases And Review Of Literature, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din, Ramin Saadaat, Zubair Ahmad 2021 French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children (FMIC), Kabul, Afghanistan

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma To Pancreas And Gastrointestinal Tract: A Clinicopathological Study Of 3 Cases And Review Of Literature, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din, Ramin Saadaat, Zubair Ahmad

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) metastasizes in approximately 20-30% cases. The most common sites for metastases are the lungs, bones, liver, and brain. Metastases of RCC in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are very rare. Metastatic RCC has a poor prognosis. We herein present a case series of three patients with metastatic disease in the colon, duodenum, and pancreas following complete resection of RCC.
Methods: Hematoxylin and Eosin and immunohistochemical slides of 3 cases of RCC metastatic to GIT were reviewed. These cases were diagnosed between 2002 and 2019 at French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children (FMIC), Kabul, Afghanistan, and ...


Bilateral Vas Deferens Calcification In A Patient With Multi-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease And Severe Aortic Stenosis: Linking Infertility With Cardiovascular Disease, Amartya Kundu, Adedotun Ogunsua, Jennifer Walker, Waqas Qureshi, Nikolaos Kakouros 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Bilateral Vas Deferens Calcification In A Patient With Multi-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease And Severe Aortic Stenosis: Linking Infertility With Cardiovascular Disease, Amartya Kundu, Adedotun Ogunsua, Jennifer Walker, Waqas Qureshi, Nikolaos Kakouros

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

Vas deferens calcification is a chronic arterio-sclerotic process that develops over many years and is strongly associated with infertility. Incidental findings on imaging are the most common means of diagnosing this condition. We report a case of a 56-year man who likely has male factor infertility and was found to have bilateral vas deferens calcification on CT imaging. This was performed during pre-procedural workup for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for management of severe aortic stenosis (AS). The patient was also had severe calcific multi-vessel coronary artery disease requiring percutaneous coronary intervention with atherectomy. This case highlights a novel clinical ...


Metastatic Adenocarcinoma Of The Prostate To The Brain Initially Diagnosed As Meningioma By Craniotomy: A Case Report, Julia T. Scali, Young Son, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller 2021 Rowan University

Metastatic Adenocarcinoma Of The Prostate To The Brain Initially Diagnosed As Meningioma By Craniotomy: A Case Report, Julia T. Scali, Young Son, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller

Stratford Campus Research Day

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men after lung cancer. The most common site of prostate metastasis is bone (84%), lymph node (10.6%), liver (10.2%), and thorax (9.1%), with 18.4% to multiple metastatic sites [1]. Prostate metastasis to the brain is rare, with less than 1% documented cases from M.D. Anderson Cancer Center [2]. It is estimated that 1%-6% of prostate cancer metastasis is found in post mortem examination [3]. Parenchymal brain metastasis has a mean survival of 9.2 months after discovery of brain metastasis [4]. Acute neurological ...


Retrospective Analysis Of Post-Operative Sepsis Rates, Stone Composition, And Ureteral Stent Duration After Ureteroscopy And Laser Lithotripsy During Covid-19, Young Son, Julia T. Scali, Ian Madison, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller 2021 Rowan University

Retrospective Analysis Of Post-Operative Sepsis Rates, Stone Composition, And Ureteral Stent Duration After Ureteroscopy And Laser Lithotripsy During Covid-19, Young Son, Julia T. Scali, Ian Madison, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy is routinely used to remove stones but results in manipulation of the genitourinary mucosa and has a well-established relationship with post-operative sepsis under certain conditions. Postoperative sepsis represents a significant morbidity and mortality cost to patients and the healthcare system. Several studies to determine risk factors for sepsis after ureteroscopy have been completed. Such risk factors include positive preoperative urine cultures, female gender, prolonged preoperative stent time > 1 month, and patients with sepsis at the time of initial stenting. To improve sepsis rates, procedural alterations such as the use of disposable ureteroscopes have been introduced, as ...


An Unusual Ed Case: Scrotal Edema From A Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm In A 58-Year-Old Male, Yevgeniy Polunin, Emily Nguyen, Bhumi Shah 2021 Rowan University

An Unusual Ed Case: Scrotal Edema From A Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm In A 58-Year-Old Male, Yevgeniy Polunin, Emily Nguyen, Bhumi Shah

Stratford Campus Research Day

Scrotal edema is not an uncommon presentation in emergency medicine. We describe the case of a 58-year-old male with no prior medical history who presented to the emergency department (ED) due to progressive scrotal edema. The patient noted increased painless testicular enlargement, dry cough, and dyspnea on exertion over the course of several weeks. Scrotal edema was evaluated by an Ultrasound (US), showing bilateral testicular edema with concern for congestive heart failure (CHF). Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPE) scan showed a large 6.51 cm thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA), cardiomegaly with dilated left sided chambers, and a small pericardial effusion ...


Acute Presentation Of Cocoon Abdomen As Septic Peritonitis Mimicking With Strangulated Internal Herniation: A Case Report, Sabah Uddin Saqib, Rimsha Farooq, Omair Saleem, Sarosh Moeen, Tabish Umer Chawla 2021 Aga Khan University

Acute Presentation Of Cocoon Abdomen As Septic Peritonitis Mimicking With Strangulated Internal Herniation: A Case Report, Sabah Uddin Saqib, Rimsha Farooq, Omair Saleem, Sarosh Moeen, Tabish Umer Chawla

Section of General Surgery

Background: Abdominal cocoon syndrome is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in which loops of small bowel get entrapped inside a fibro-collagenous membrane. Condition is also known in the literature as sclerosing peritonitis and in the majority of cases, it has no known cause. Although the majority of patients exhibit long-standing signs and symptoms of partial bowel obstruction in an out-patient clinic, its acute presentation in the emergency room with features of sepsis is extremely rare. This case report aims to describe the emergency presentation of cocoon abdomen with septic peritonitis.
Case presentation: A 35-year-old male with no known co-morbidity ...


Non-Invasive Predictors Of Response To Tamsulosin For Benign Prostatic Obstruction, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, Hammad Ather 2021 Aga Khan University

Non-Invasive Predictors Of Response To Tamsulosin For Benign Prostatic Obstruction, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, Hammad Ather

Section of Urology

Objectives: To identify non-invasive predictors of response to tamsulosin 0.4 mg in patients with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO).
Methods: Males ≥ 50 years of age with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of BPO for over three months were included in the study. We assessed change in the mean International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and maximum flow rate (Qmax) after six weeks of medical therapy. Clinical and uroflowmetry parameters were compared between two groups of patients with >25% vs. <25% change in the IPSS after treatment. Pre- and post-treatment post-void residue (PVR), Qmax, and IPSS were compared by independent t-test, univariate/multivariate regression analysis.
Results: A total of 121 patients were included. At presentation, the mean prostate size was 35.7±12.2 grams and ...


Health Outcomes And Utilization Associated With Renal Diseases In Patients With Cancer In The United States, Mitisha Dedhia 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Health Outcomes And Utilization Associated With Renal Diseases In Patients With Cancer In The United States, Mitisha Dedhia

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Adverse events and impairments associated with cancer and its treatments causes worse outcomes. Increased incidence of renal diseases among cancer patients is of particular concern. Objective: To determine the risk factors for renal disease in cancer patients and compare healthcare costs, utilization and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of cancer patients with a renal disease and cancer patients without renal diseases. Methods: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey files from 2009 – 2018 for cancer patients was used for this study. Multiple logistic regression, generalized linear model, Poisson regression and multiple linear regression for analyses after adjusting for demographic, socioeconomic and clinical ...


Predicting The 10-Year Risk Of Death From Other Causes In Men With Localized Prostate Cancer Using Patient-Reported Factors: Development Of A Tool, Daniel M. Frendl, Gordon A. FitzGerald, Mara M. Epstein, Jeroan J. Allison, Mitchell H. Sokoloff, John E. Ware Jr. 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predicting The 10-Year Risk Of Death From Other Causes In Men With Localized Prostate Cancer Using Patient-Reported Factors: Development Of A Tool, Daniel M. Frendl, Gordon A. Fitzgerald, Mara M. Epstein, Jeroan J. Allison, Mitchell H. Sokoloff, John E. Ware Jr.

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

OBJECTIVE: To develop a tool for estimating the 10-year risk of death from other causes in men with localized prostate cancer.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We identified 2,425 patients from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey database, age < 80, newly diagnosed with clinical stage T1-T3a prostate cancer from 1/1/1998-12/31/2009, with follow-up through 2/28/2013. We developed a Fine and Gray competing-risks model for 10-year other cause mortality considering age, patient-reported comorbid medical conditions, component scores and items of the SF-36 Health Survey, activities of daily living, and sociodemographic characteristics. Model discrimination and calibration were compared to predictions from Social Security life table mortality risk estimates.

RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 7.7 years, 76 men died of prostate-specific causes and 465 died of other causes. The strongest predictors of 10-year other cause mortality risk included increasing age at diagnosis, higher approximated Charlson Comorbidity Index score, worse patient-reported general health (fair or poor vs. excellent-good), smoking at diagnosis, and marital status (all other vs ...


Epigenetic Regulation Of Prostate Cancer, Ruixin Wang, Xiaoqi Liu 2020 University of Kentucky

Epigenetic Regulation Of Prostate Cancer, Ruixin Wang, Xiaoqi Liu

Toxicology and Cancer Biology Faculty Publications

Prostate cancer is (PCa) the second leading cause of cancer death in males in the United State, with 174,650 new cases and 31,620 deaths estimated in 2019. It has been documented that epigenetic deregulation such as histone modification and DNA methylation contributes to PCa initiation and progression. EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog 2), the catalytic subunit of the Polycomb Repressive Complex (PRC2) responsible for H3K27me3 and gene repression, has been identified as a promising target in PCa. In addition, overexpression of other epigenetic regulators such as DNA methyltransferases (DNMT) is also observed in PCa. These epigenetic regulators undergo ...


The Effect Of Mtor Inhibitor Rapamycin On A Dietary Drosophila Melanogaster Model Of Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis, Michael T. Pignanelli 2020 The University of Western Ontario

The Effect Of Mtor Inhibitor Rapamycin On A Dietary Drosophila Melanogaster Model Of Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis, Michael T. Pignanelli

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Impaired cellular tolerance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been suggested as a common mechanistic link associated with aging in both metabolic syndrome and nephrolithiasis. The mechanistic (mammalian) target of rapamycin (mTOR) activity is characteristic of metabolic syndrome. When nutrients are abundant, mTOR is active. Conversely, fasting inhibits mTOR. Metabolic syndrome is correlated with an increased risk of self-reported or imaging findings of nephrolithiasis. At the individual level, patients with a higher BMI have an increased prevalence of recurrent symptomatic nephrolithiasis, 24-hour urinary excretion of oxalate, sodium, uric acid, calcium, and phosphorous as well as lower pH. Calcium oxalate crystals ...


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