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Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms Commons

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Scrna Seq Analysis Of Ebv+ Associated Gastric Cancer, Eric Wang 2021 Western University

Scrna Seq Analysis Of Ebv+ Associated Gastric Cancer, Eric Wang

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

No abstract provided.


Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis Induced By Cetuximab, Sadia Masood, Mohammad Rizwan, Saira Fatima, Palwasha Jalil 2021 Aga Khan University

Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis Induced By Cetuximab, Sadia Masood, Mohammad Rizwan, Saira Fatima, Palwasha Jalil

Department of Medicine

A wide variety of diseases and drugs can cause cutaneous pustular eruptions. Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a unique drug-induced dermatosis clinically presented as erythematous papular and pustular eruption, usually caused by certain systemic drugs. We are presenting a very rare association of AGEP with a biological agent, cetuximab. A male aged 66 years, who was recently diagnosed with a case of squamous cell carcinoma of glottis, presented in the dermatology clinic with a recent onset of fever and widespread pustular eruption over the face, trunk, and limbs. The eruption was noted after the injection of cetuximab given for ...


Inflammation-Type Dysbiosis Of The Oral Microbiome Associates With The Duration Of Covid-19 Symptoms And Long-Covid, John P. Haran, Evan Bradley, Abigail Zeamer, Lindsey Cincotta, Marie-Claire Salive, Protiva Dutta, Shafik Mutaawe, Otuwe Anya, Mario Meza-Segura, Ann M. Moormann, Doyle V. Ward, Beth A. McCormick, Vanni Bucci 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Inflammation-Type Dysbiosis Of The Oral Microbiome Associates With The Duration Of Covid-19 Symptoms And Long-Covid, John P. Haran, Evan Bradley, Abigail Zeamer, Lindsey Cincotta, Marie-Claire Salive, Protiva Dutta, Shafik Mutaawe, Otuwe Anya, Mario Meza-Segura, Ann M. Moormann, Doyle V. Ward, Beth A. Mccormick, Vanni Bucci

COVID-19 Publications by UMass Chan Authors

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused the pandemic Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and now many face the burden of prolonged symptoms-long-lasting COVID-19 symptoms or "long-COVID". Long-COVID is thought to be linked to immune dysregulation due to harmful inflammation, with the exact causes being unknown. Given the role of the microbiome in mediating inflammation, we aimed to examine the relationship between the oral microbiome and the duration of long-COVID symptoms. Tongue swabs were collected from patients presenting with symptoms concerning for COVID-19. Confirmed infections were followed until resolution of all symptoms. Bacterial composition was determined by metagenomic sequencing ...


Behavioral Health Management Of Chronic Pain, Elizabeth C. Dykhouse 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Behavioral Health Management Of Chronic Pain, Elizabeth C. Dykhouse

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is a part of the PEER Liberia Behavioral Health Lecture Series. It provides an overview for physicians of behavioral health management of chronic pain, including: needs assessment; understanding pain/chronic pain; role as medical provider; behavioral health treatment modalities for chronic pain; adaptation in medical practice; and medication considerations.


Non-Specific Pain And 30-Day Readmission In Acute Coronary Syndromes: Findings From The Trace-Core Prospective Cohort, Jinying Chen, Catarina I. Kiefe, Marc Gagnier, Darleen M. Lessard, David D. McManus, Bo Wang, Thomas K. Houston 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Non-Specific Pain And 30-Day Readmission In Acute Coronary Syndromes: Findings From The Trace-Core Prospective Cohort, Jinying Chen, Catarina I. Kiefe, Marc Gagnier, Darleen M. Lessard, David D. Mcmanus, Bo Wang, Thomas K. Houston

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndromes often experience non-specific (generic) pain after hospital discharge. However, evidence about the association between post-discharge non-specific pain and rehospitalization remains limited.

METHODS: We analyzed data from the Transitions, Risks, and Actions in Coronary Events Center for Outcomes Research and Education (TRACE-CORE) prospective cohort. TRACE-CORE followed patients with acute coronary syndromes for 24 months post-discharge from the index hospitalization, collected patient-reported generic pain (using SF-36) and chest pain (using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire) and rehospitalization events. We assessed the association between generic pain and 30-day rehospitalization using multivariable logistic regression (N = 787). We also examined ...


Asthma Pathophysiology, Tyler Wolpert 2021 Otterbein University

Asthma Pathophysiology, Tyler Wolpert

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

This poster will examine the pathophysiology of Asthma, explore signs and symptoms of the disease, and review different treatment modalities. The Doctorate of Nursing (DNP) prepared nurse should be able to identify signs and symptoms of the disease and be prepared to manage the disease from a medical standpoint, as well as with behavior modification. The economic burden of asthma on healthcare yearly is over $82 billion. It is pertinent that continued research is done in the field of asthma to reduce the economic impacts of the disease, as well as to help improve patient outcomes on people living with ...


Our Experience Of Treating Adult Bone Lymphoma, A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study In A Tertiary Care Center, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Masood Umer, Muhammad Younus Khan Durrani, Javeria Saeed, Nasir Ud Din 2021 Aga Khan University

Our Experience Of Treating Adult Bone Lymphoma, A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study In A Tertiary Care Center, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Masood Umer, Muhammad Younus Khan Durrani, Javeria Saeed, Nasir Ud Din

Section of Orthopaedic Surgery

Objective: To determine the experience at the Aga Khan University Hospital in diagnosing and treating adult patients with primary lymphoma of bone.
Methodology: All patients with Primary lymphoma of bone (PLB) that were diagnosed and/or treated at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from 2005 to 2019 were included as part of this study.
Results: There were 17 patients with PLB including 13 (76.5%) males and 4 (23.5%) females with a mean age of 44 ± 16.5 years. Nine patients were between 30-59 years of age at diagnosis. The mean follow-up time of patients was 80±46.7 ...


"When They See Someone Who Is Poor, They Step On Them": The Social Determinants Of Health Among Survivors Of Sex Trafficking In Cambodia, James P. Havey, Glenn M. Miles, Lim Vanntheary, Nhanh Channtha, Hanni Stoklosa 2021 Chab Dai International, University of Kent, UK

"When They See Someone Who Is Poor, They Step On Them": The Social Determinants Of Health Among Survivors Of Sex Trafficking In Cambodia, James P. Havey, Glenn M. Miles, Lim Vanntheary, Nhanh Channtha, Hanni Stoklosa

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

Social determinants of health (SDH) are defined as the non-medical yet health-affecting conditions of a person’s life. They include such considerations as working conditions, discrimination, and access to health services. The aim of this study was to explore the SDH impacting those who have survived sex trafficking in Cambodia. This study employed a mixed methods, secondary analysis, focusing on 52 survivors of sex trafficking in the Butterfly Longitudinal Research Project from 2010 through 2019. Participants described myriad social determinants of health, including: gender, age, relationship status (marriage), ethnicity, national identification documentation (statelessness), social class, formal education, vocational training, occupation ...


Establishing Reference Interval For Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone In Children Below Two-Year Ages In Pakistani Population, Siraj Muneer, Imran Siddiqui, Hafsa Majid, Lena Jafri, Khadija N Humayun, Sibtain Ahmed, Aysha Habib Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

Establishing Reference Interval For Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone In Children Below Two-Year Ages In Pakistani Population, Siraj Muneer, Imran Siddiqui, Hafsa Majid, Lena Jafri, Khadija N Humayun, Sibtain Ahmed, Aysha Habib Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Introduction: Reference intervals (RIs) of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) are age, assay and population specific. Currently, the age and assay-specific RIs for TSH are not available for children under two years of age. This study aimed to establish reference intervals for serum concentrations of TSH and FT4 in healthy children aged 1-24 months as per CLSI C28-A3 guidelines.
Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in children from 1 to 24 months visiting the clinical laboratory for serum vitamin D testing but without any recent illness, hospitalization, medication and history of maternal thyroid diseases from August 2018 ...


Clinical Features And Outcomes Of Critically Ill Patients With Elizabethkingia Meningoseptica: An Emerging Pathogen, Abdullah Umair, Nosheen Nasir 2021 Aga Khan University

Clinical Features And Outcomes Of Critically Ill Patients With Elizabethkingia Meningoseptica: An Emerging Pathogen, Abdullah Umair, Nosheen Nasir

Department of Medicine

Background: Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, formerly known as Chryseobacterium meningosepticum, is a non-motile, non-fastidious, catalase and oxidase-positive, aerobic, glucose-non-fermentative, Gram-negative bacillus that was first defined by Elizabeth O. King in 1959. It has emerged as an opportunistic pathogen that has infected patients in extreme age groups and immunocompromised individuals, especially in intensive care settings. There has been an increased interest in this pathogen due to its increasing occurrence around the world, ubiquitous nature, and inherent capacity for antimicrobial resistance.
Methods: We describe an observational study at a tertiary care center in Karachi, Pakistan, based on patients admitted between January 2013 and December ...


Characterizing The Cellular, Molecular, And Behavioural Pathology Of Repetitive Mtbi In A Human Tau Transgenic Mouse, Morgan A. Walker 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Characterizing The Cellular, Molecular, And Behavioural Pathology Of Repetitive Mtbi In A Human Tau Transgenic Mouse, Morgan A. Walker

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

After an episode of repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (rmTBI), many cellular and molecular cascades are initiated that result in the disruption of the structural and chemical integrity of the components in the brain, leading to the development of various cognitive deficits. The goal of this thesis was to evaluate a mouse model of concussion in order to study the relationship between rmTBI, GSK3β and tau phosphorylation, and behavioural outcomes in a transgenic mouse line expressing solely human tau. We found that there was increased phosphorylation of the two main regulatory sites on GSK3β, Tyr216 and Ser9, in the C57BL ...


Indirect Determination Of Serum Creatinine Reference Intervals In A Pakistani Pediatric Population Using Big Data Analytics, Sibtain Ahmed, Jakob Zierk, Imran Siddiqui, Aysha Habib Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

Indirect Determination Of Serum Creatinine Reference Intervals In A Pakistani Pediatric Population Using Big Data Analytics, Sibtain Ahmed, Jakob Zierk, Imran Siddiqui, Aysha Habib Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The indirect methods of reference intervals (RI) establishment based on data mining are utilized to overcome the ethical, practical challenges and the cost associated with the conventional direct approach.
Aim: To generate RIs for serum creatinine in children and adolescents using an indirect statistical tool.
Methods: Data mining of the laboratory information system was performed for serum creatinine analyzed from birth to 17 years for both genders. The timeline was set at six years from January 2013 to December 2018. Microsoft Excel 2010 and an indirect algorithm developed by the German Society of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine's ...


Depression Predicts Chronic Pain Interference In Racially-Diverse, Low-Income Patients [Preprint], Benjamin C. Nephew, Angela C. Incollingo Rodriguez, Veronica Melican, Justin J. Polcari, Kathryn E. Nippert, Mikhail Rashkovskii, Lilly-Beth Linnell, Ruofan Hu, Carolina Ruiz, Jean A. King, Paula Gardiner 2021 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Depression Predicts Chronic Pain Interference In Racially-Diverse, Low-Income Patients [Preprint], Benjamin C. Nephew, Angela C. Incollingo Rodriguez, Veronica Melican, Justin J. Polcari, Kathryn E. Nippert, Mikhail Rashkovskii, Lilly-Beth Linnell, Ruofan Hu, Carolina Ruiz, Jean A. King, Paula Gardiner

UMass Chan Medical School Faculty Publications

Background Chronic pain is one of the most common reasons adults seek medical care in the US, with estimates of prevalence ranging from 11% to 40%. Mindfulness meditation has been associated with significant improvements in pain, depression, physical and mental health, sleep, and overall quality of life. Group medical visits are increasingly common and are effective at treating myriad illnesses including chronic pain. Integrative Medical Group Visits (IMGV) combine mindfulness techniques, evidence based integrative medicine, and medical group visits and can be used as adjuncts to medications, particularly in diverse underserved populations with limited access to non-pharmacological therapies.

Objective and ...


Assessment Of Video Capsule Endoscopy In The Management Of Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Shahrad Hakimian, Daniel Raines, George W. Reed, Mark Hanscom, Lilia Stefaniwsky, Matthew Petersile, Prashanth Rau, Anne Foley, David R. Cave 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Assessment Of Video Capsule Endoscopy In The Management Of Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Shahrad Hakimian, Daniel Raines, George W. Reed, Mark Hanscom, Lilia Stefaniwsky, Matthew Petersile, Prashanth Rau, Anne Foley, David R. Cave

COVID-19 Publications by UMass Chan Authors

Importance: Evaluation of acute gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding using invasive endoscopic procedures comprising the standard of care (SOC)-upper endoscopy and colonoscopy-can expose the endoscopy staff to SARS-CoV-2. Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) does not generate aerosols and only requires 1 person to manage the procedure.

Objective: To examine the safety of VCE for the initial evaluation of GI bleeding at the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic to identify signs of active bleeding while minimizing patient and personnel exposure, saving personal protective equipment, and avoiding invasive or unnecessary procedures.

Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter (UMass Memorial Medical Center and Louisiana State ...


Increasing Staff Awareness And Screening Practices For Adverse Childhood Experiences At A Primary Care Clinic, Kayla Wright 2021 Jacksonville State University

Increasing Staff Awareness And Screening Practices For Adverse Childhood Experiences At A Primary Care Clinic, Kayla Wright

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are present in approximately 60% of the adult population in the United States. There is a correlation between adverse childhood experiences and chronic health conditions as adults. Despite the evidence showing this correlation, there is a lack of screening for ACEs in the primary care setting. Many primary care providers and staff are unaware of ACEs or the correlation with chronic health conditions and substance abuse and, therefore, do not understand how to or recognize the benefits of screening in primary care. With education for providers and staff, primary care is the ideal setting to perform ...


A Cross Sectional Evaluation Of The Corona-Score For Swift Identification Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection At A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Sibtain Ahmed, Muhammad Umer Naeem Effendi, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Lena Jafri 2021 Aga Khan University

A Cross Sectional Evaluation Of The Corona-Score For Swift Identification Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection At A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Sibtain Ahmed, Muhammad Umer Naeem Effendi, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Lena Jafri

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The Corona-Score is one of the first and most widely used predictive model for coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. The purpose of this study was to validate the performance of Corona-Score in a cohort of Pakistani patients pursuing care for suspected infection.
Methods: After seeking institution's ethical committee exemption, results of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP), ferritin, absolute lymphocyte and neutrophil counts, chest x-ray findings and demographics of suspected COVID-19 cases with respiratory symptoms were recouped from electronic medical record. The pre-validated score as proposed by Kurstjens S et al., was calculated. The subjects were divided into ...


Microangiopathic Haemolytic Anaemia Diagnosis And Management In Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura And Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome: A Review, Adam P. Korneluk 2021 Munster Technological University

Microangiopathic Haemolytic Anaemia Diagnosis And Management In Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura And Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome: A Review, Adam P. Korneluk

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

Microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia (MAHA) describes non-immune haemolysis by intravascular fragmentation of red blood cells, resulting from microvascular thrombosis characteristic of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). TMA-associated MAHAs include several diseases but are mostly associated with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). TTP is caused by a severe deficiency in ADAMTS13 proteinase, responsible for regulating coagulation, either due to presence of anti-ADAMTS13 (acquired iTTP; immune-mediated) or mutations in ADAMTS13 itself (congenital cTTP). HUS is caused by abnormal and uncontrolled complement activation, either by bacterial toxin activity (typical dHUS) or lack of normal regulatory proteins (atypical aHUS). This review focuses on TTP ...


Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021, 2021 Munster Technological University

Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

The full June 2021 issue (Volume 1, Issue 1) of the International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences


Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, yet accurate in vivo detection of TBI neuropathology remains challenging due to complexities in the structural and functional changes observed post-injury as well as limitations in conventional neuroimaging modalities. Although advanced neuroimaging techniques such as arterial spin labeling (ASL) can noninvasively assess cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes observed post-injury, this technique is underutilized in TBI research partly due to the low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) inherent in ASL imaging. The aim of the current study is to examine the use of machine learning, specifically a Support ...


Spermatocytic Tumor Of Testis In A Young Male, Madiha Bilal Qureshi, Nasir Ud Din, Zubair Ahmad, Saira Fatima 2021 Aga Khan University

Spermatocytic Tumor Of Testis In A Young Male, Madiha Bilal Qureshi, Nasir Ud Din, Zubair Ahmad, Saira Fatima

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Spermatocytic tumor is a rare germ cell tumor not related to germ cell neoplasia in situ, and derived from postpubertal-type germ cells. It was previously called "Spermatocytic Seminoma" due to false belief of its origin from germ cell neoplasia in situ. The tumor usually occurs in an older age group and orchidectomy is curative. We present a case of spermatocytic tumor in a 25-year male who presented with right-sided testicular swelling and right-sided varicocele. Radiology revealed a 9.8 × 9 cm testicular mass and the patient underwent right-sided orchidectomy. Microscopic examination showed classic morphology with three characteristic cell types and ...


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