Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

506 Full-Text Articles 1,807 Authors 131,413 Downloads 68 Institutions

All Articles in Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms

Faceted Search

506 full-text articles. Page 3 of 24.

Emergency Medicine Journal Club, David Gibbs, Dylan Norton, Kyle Barbour 2022 Rochester Regional Health System

Emergency Medicine Journal Club, David Gibbs, Dylan Norton, Kyle Barbour

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

In this column, we provide a brief review of important papers recently published that relate to the field of Emergency Medicine. The goal is to provide the busy clinician a bullet-like summary of the study, focusing on the research question, methods, results, limitations and bottom line interpretation.


Association Between Covid-19 And Mortality In Hip Fracture Surgery In The National Covid Cohort Collaborative (N3c): A Retrospective Cohort Study, Eli B. Levitt, David A. Patch, Scott Mabry, Alfredo Terrero, Byron Jaeger, Melissa A. Haendel, Christopher G. Chute, Jonathan H. Quade, Brent Ponce, Steven Theiss, Clay A. Spitler, Joey P. Johnson 2022 University of Alabama, Birmingham

Association Between Covid-19 And Mortality In Hip Fracture Surgery In The National Covid Cohort Collaborative (N3c): A Retrospective Cohort Study, Eli B. Levitt, David A. Patch, Scott Mabry, Alfredo Terrero, Byron Jaeger, Melissa A. Haendel, Christopher G. Chute, Jonathan H. Quade, Brent Ponce, Steven Theiss, Clay A. Spitler, Joey P. Johnson

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the outcomes of coronavirus disease (COVID-19)-positive patients undergoing hip fracture surgery using a national database.

METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing hip fracture surgery outcomes between COVID-19 positive and negative matched cohorts from 46 sites in the United States. Patients aged 65 and older with hip fracture surgery between March 15 and December 31, 2020, were included. The main outcomes were 30-day all-cause mortality and all-cause mortality.

RESULTS: In this national study that included 3303 adults with hip fracture surgery, the 30-day mortality was 14.6% with COVID-19-positive versus 3.8% in COVID-19-negative ...


The Slow Rhythm Of Midodrine: A Peculiar Case Of Profound Bradycardia, Larissa Check, Louis Tsichlis, Mohamed Faris 2022 HCA Healthcare

The Slow Rhythm Of Midodrine: A Peculiar Case Of Profound Bradycardia, Larissa Check, Louis Tsichlis, Mohamed Faris

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2022

No abstract provided.


Cutaneous Horn On The Right Supraclavicular Region In An Adolescent Female, A Rare Case Report, Rohit Gupta, Manoj Kumar, Ruchi Sinha, Reva Shankar Sahu 2021 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India

Cutaneous Horn On The Right Supraclavicular Region In An Adolescent Female, A Rare Case Report, Rohit Gupta, Manoj Kumar, Ruchi Sinha, Reva Shankar Sahu

The New Ropanasuri Journal of Surgery

Cutaneous horn (CH) is an outgrowth from the skin surface, composed of keratin, and associated with benign to malignant skin lesions. We report a case of CH in a 15-year-old female associated with Keratoacanthoma. It is uncommon in young people and is associated with a good prognosis because of its benign nature. This case needs to be reported as it highlights the rare occurrence of this condition in the younger age group and its good prognosis. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice, with histopathologic diagnosis playing a critical role in determining the nature and further treatment of this condition ...


The Curious Case Of Hla-Dr-Positive Apl, Kanta Devi, Natasha Bahadur Ali 2021 Aga Khan University

The Curious Case Of Hla-Dr-Positive Apl, Kanta Devi, Natasha Bahadur Ali

Section of Haematology/Oncology

The triad of weak/absent CD34, negative HLA-DR expression, and positivity to CD117 is pathognomonic for the diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia. However, in rare cases, strong positivity to HLD-DR and CD34 may be noted.


Thrombosis With Thrombocytopenia Syndrome After Administration Of Azd1222 Or Ad26.Cov2.S Vaccine For Covid-19: A Systematic Review, Usama Waqar, Shaheer Ahmed, Syed M H Ali Gardezi, Muhammad Sarmad Tahir, Zain Ul Abidin, Ali Hussain, Natasha Bahadur Ali, Syed Faisal Mahmood 2021 Aga Khan University

Thrombosis With Thrombocytopenia Syndrome After Administration Of Azd1222 Or Ad26.Cov2.S Vaccine For Covid-19: A Systematic Review, Usama Waqar, Shaheer Ahmed, Syed M H Ali Gardezi, Muhammad Sarmad Tahir, Zain Ul Abidin, Ali Hussain, Natasha Bahadur Ali, Syed Faisal Mahmood

Medical College Documents

Background: Cases of thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS) have been reported following vaccination with AZD1222 or Ad26.COV2.S. This review aimed to explore the pathophysiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, management, and prognosis of TTS.
Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify evidence on TTS till 4th September 2021. Case reports and series reporting patient-level data were included. Descriptive statistics were reported and compared across patients with different sexes, age groups, vaccines, types of thrombosis, and outcomes.
Findings: Sixty-two studies reporting 160 cases were included from 16 countries. Patients were predominantly females with a median age of 42.50 (22) years ...


Role Of Meibum And Tear Phospholipids In The Evaporative Water Loss Associated With Dry Eye., Samiyyah M. Sledge 2021 University of Louisville

Role Of Meibum And Tear Phospholipids In The Evaporative Water Loss Associated With Dry Eye., Samiyyah M. Sledge

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

It is generally believed that the tear film lipid surface film inhibits the rate of evaporation (Revap) of the underlying tear aqueous. It is also generally believed that changes in the composition of the tear film lipid layer is responsible for an increase in Revap in patients with dry eye. Both of these ideas have never been proven. The purpose of the current studies was to test these ideas. Revap was measured in vitro gravimetrically. Lipid spreading was measured using Raman spectroscopy and microscopy. The influence of the following surface films on the Revap of the sub phase of physiologically ...


Intracranial Mesenchymal Tumors With Fet-Creb Fusion Are Composed Of At Least Two Epigenetic Subgroups Distinct From Meningioma And Extracranial Sarcomas, Emily A. Sloan, Rohit Gupta, Christian Koelsche, Jason Chiang, Javier E. Villanueva-Meyer, Sanda Alexandrescu, Jennifer E. Eschbacher, Wesley Wang, Manuela Mafra, Nasir Ud Din 2021 University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Intracranial Mesenchymal Tumors With Fet-Creb Fusion Are Composed Of At Least Two Epigenetic Subgroups Distinct From Meningioma And Extracranial Sarcomas, Emily A. Sloan, Rohit Gupta, Christian Koelsche, Jason Chiang, Javier E. Villanueva-Meyer, Sanda Alexandrescu, Jennifer E. Eschbacher, Wesley Wang, Manuela Mafra, Nasir Ud Din

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Intracranial mesenchymal tumor, FET-CREB fusion-positive' occurs primarily in children and young adults and has previously been termed intracranial angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) or intracranial myxoid mesenchymal tumor (IMMT). Here we performed genome-wide DNA methylation array profiling of 20 primary intracranial mesenchymal tumors with FET-CREB fusion to further study their ontology. These tumors resolved into two distinct epigenetic subgroups that were both divergent from all other analyzed intracranial neoplasms and soft tissue sarcomas, including meningioma, clear cell sarcoma of soft tissue (CCS), and AFH of extracranial soft tissue. The first subgroup (Group A, 16 tumors) clustered nearest to but independent of ...


Geriatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship Journal Club: Frailty, Sarah Keene, Rebecca Fisher, Lauren Cameron-Comasco 2021 Beaumont Royal Oak

Geriatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship Journal Club: Frailty, Sarah Keene, Rebecca Fisher, Lauren Cameron-Comasco

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


Pain Characteristics Among Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis In Aden, Yemen, Abdulsalam Abdullah Hadi Mohsen 2021 University of Aden

Pain Characteristics Among Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis In Aden, Yemen, Abdulsalam Abdullah Hadi Mohsen

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

Knee osteoarthritis in adults is very common and is one of the most common causes of joint pain. The aim of the study was to describe the demographic characteristics and to analyze the clinical finding. It was a retrospective study conducted in Aden during the years 2015 to 2017. Data was obtained from patients’ charts and presented as frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviation. Significance was considered at P value < 0.05. The patients were 367, (males 44.4% and females 55.6%). The older patients (≥ 55 years) were (77.1%). About (39.5%) patients were mostly suffered from right knee osteoarthritis, (25.1%) suffered from left knee and (35.4%) patients have both knee osteoarthritis. Knee pain was mild in (61%) patients and in (30%) patients was moderate. The female to male ratio was 1.3:1 and their mean age was 61.0 ± 9.5 years (age ranged between 35 and 83 years). There was a significant correlation between mean ages of both genders (p = 0.001). The mean uric acid was 6.9 ± 1.6 mg/dL and the relationship between means in both genders was significant (p = 0.000). Patients were higher in the age group ≥ 55 years. Most of the right knee osteoarthritis were in females (28.6%), while bilateral osteoarthritis were predominant in males (22.1%) (P = 0.000). The relationship between the severity of knee pain and side involvement of the knee joint was highly statically significant (P = 0.000). Further prospective studies are needed.


Is Covid-19 Impacting Cancer Screening In Pakistan? An Observational Study Of Cancer Screening Test Requests During The Pandemic, Sibtain Ahmed, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Noureen Niaz Ali, Junaid Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui 2021 Aga Khan University

Is Covid-19 Impacting Cancer Screening In Pakistan? An Observational Study Of Cancer Screening Test Requests During The Pandemic, Sibtain Ahmed, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Noureen Niaz Ali, Junaid Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The purpose of this study is to assess how the COVID-19 pandemic affected cancer screening at a large tertiary care setting in the city of Karachi, the third largest city in the world, and to identify if there has been any decrease in cancer screening during the ongoing pandemic.
Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted at the clinical chemistry laboratory at the Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Karachi Pakistan. Data for test volumes was extracted from the Integrated Laboratory Management System (ILMS) for the following tumor markers: CA19 Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9 ...


Atypical Involvement Of Central Nervous System In Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Case Report, Shanila Ahmed, Babar Irfan, Muhammad Raza, Ghulam Haider 2021 Aga Khan University

Atypical Involvement Of Central Nervous System In Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Case Report, Shanila Ahmed, Babar Irfan, Muhammad Raza, Ghulam Haider

Section of Haematology/Oncology

Background: Hodgkin lymphoma is a systemic disease that commonly involves the cervical, supraclavicular, and mediastinal lymph nodes. The involvement of central nervous system in Hodgkin lymphoma is extremely rare, and diagnosis is usually established using distinct morphological and immunohistochemical staining on the tissue biopsied. Extranodal presentation of HL is a rare occurrence. It has been evident that prognosis is encouraging in patients with disease that is limited to just central nervous system initially or as relapse, compared with involvement of multiple sites of relapse.
Case presentation: We herein report a case of a 35-year-old South-East Asian male with relapsed Hodgkin ...


Strategic Priorities For Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation In The Emro Region, Syed Osman Ahmed, Riad El Fakih, Alaa Elhaddad, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Abdulghani Altbakhi, Qamar-Un-Nisa Chaudhry, Ali Bazarbachi, Salman Adil, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Tarek Ben Othman 2021 King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Saudi Arabia

Strategic Priorities For Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation In The Emro Region, Syed Osman Ahmed, Riad El Fakih, Alaa Elhaddad, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Abdulghani Altbakhi, Qamar-Un-Nisa Chaudhry, Ali Bazarbachi, Salman Adil, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Tarek Ben Othman

Section of Haematology/Oncology

The World Health Organization-designated Eastern Mediterranean region (EMRO) consists of 22 countries in North Africa and Western Asia with a collective population of over 679 million. The area comprises some of the wealthiest countries per capita income and some of the poorest. The population structure is also unique and contrasts with western countries, with a much younger population. The region sits in the heart of the thalassemia belt. Many countries have a significant prevalence of sickle cell disease, and cancer is on the rise in the region. Therefore, the strategic priorities for the growth and development of hematopoietic stem cell ...


Impact Of Covid-19 On The Pre And Post Analytical Clinical Laboratory Testing Processes- A Performance Evaluation Study Using Six Sigma, Sibtain Ahmed, Farhat Jahan, Muhammad Umer Naeem Effendi, Farooq Ghani 2021 Aga Khan University

Impact Of Covid-19 On The Pre And Post Analytical Clinical Laboratory Testing Processes- A Performance Evaluation Study Using Six Sigma, Sibtain Ahmed, Farhat Jahan, Muhammad Umer Naeem Effendi, Farooq Ghani

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the total testing process using six sigma metrics based on a comparison of pre and during pandemic periods.
Material & methods: The study duration was over 12 months, 6 months before and 6 months after the COVID-19 onset in Pakistan in March 2020 after the recognition of the first case, using quality indicators (QIs). QIs were chosen from a model of QIs recommended by the CAP. Analysis was performed using Six Sigma calculators and QIs were expressed in percentage (%) and Sigma value were computed. Three levels ...


Super-Enhancer-Based Identification Of A Batf3/Il-2r-Module Reveals Vulnerabilities In Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma, Huan-Chang Liang, Mariantonia Costanza, Nicole Prutsch, Mark W. Zimmerman, Elisabeth Gurnhofer, Ivonne A. Montes-Mojarro, Brian J. Abraham, Nina Prokoph, Stefan Stoiber, Shahid Pervez 2021 Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Super-Enhancer-Based Identification Of A Batf3/Il-2r-Module Reveals Vulnerabilities In Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma, Huan-Chang Liang, Mariantonia Costanza, Nicole Prutsch, Mark W. Zimmerman, Elisabeth Gurnhofer, Ivonne A. Montes-Mojarro, Brian J. Abraham, Nina Prokoph, Stefan Stoiber, Shahid Pervez

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), an aggressive CD30-positive T-cell lymphoma, comprises systemic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive, and ALK-negative, primary cutaneous and breast implant-associated ALCL. Prognosis of some ALCL subgroups is still unsatisfactory, and already in second line effective treatment options are lacking. To identify genes defining ALCL cell state and dependencies, we here characterize super-enhancer regions by genome-wide H3K27ac ChIP-seq. In addition to known ALCL key regulators, the AP-1-member BATF3 and IL-2 receptor (IL2R)-components are among the top hits. Specific and high-level IL2R expression in ALCL correlates with BATF3 expression. Confirming a regulatory link, IL-2R-expression decreases following BATF3 ...


Concomitant Bilateral Mandibular Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma And Cementoblastoma: Case Report Of An Extremely Rare Occurrence, Madiha Bilal Qureshi, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Muhammad Raza, Nasir Ud Din 2021 Aga Khan University

Concomitant Bilateral Mandibular Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma And Cementoblastoma: Case Report Of An Extremely Rare Occurrence, Madiha Bilal Qureshi, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Muhammad Raza, Nasir Ud Din

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF) and cementoblastoma (CB) are rare benign odontogenic tumors with a predilection for the mandible. Cemento-ossifying fibroma is a fibro-osseous lesion that originates in the tooth bearing areas of jaw and shows cementum-like tissue in a fibrotic stroma. Cementoblastoma is classically related to roots of teeth with the presence of calcified cementum-like material. To date, only a single case of concomitant unilateral COF and CB has been reported in the literature.
Case presentation: We present an unusual case of a 37-year-old female who presented with two discrete bilateral swellings in the right and left mandible for 10 ...


Editorial: Vitamin D Deficiency And Sufficiency In Reproduction And Bone Metabolism, Rehana Rehman, Faiza Alam, Mukhtiar Baig, Aysha Habib Khan, Naseer Ahmed 2021 Aga Khan University

Editorial: Vitamin D Deficiency And Sufficiency In Reproduction And Bone Metabolism, Rehana Rehman, Faiza Alam, Mukhtiar Baig, Aysha Habib Khan, Naseer Ahmed

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Living Environment Considerations On Obesity Prevention Behaviors And Self-Efficacy Among Chinese Americans, Doreen Liou, Jessica A. Karasik 2021 Montclair State University

Living Environment Considerations On Obesity Prevention Behaviors And Self-Efficacy Among Chinese Americans, Doreen Liou, Jessica A. Karasik

Department of Nutrition and Food Studies Scholarship and Creative Works

The aim of this study is to ascertain if the living environment (type of residential neighborhood and number of household members) will elucidate differences in obesity risk reduction behaviors and self-efficacy in Chinese Americans. A cross-sectional survey design was used to recruit participants from Los Angeles County and New York City metropolitan areas. A total of 650 adults were recruited from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. Descriptive statistics were measured for 19 behaviors reflecting food intake and portion size control and items measuring self-efficacy and attitudes. T-tests were applied for the two categories of living environment. The mean age of the sample ...


Classical Findings Of Infantile Hepatic Hemangiomas, Senayit Demie, Michael Bossak 2021 Memorial Health University Medical Center

Classical Findings Of Infantile Hepatic Hemangiomas, Senayit Demie, Michael Bossak

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors that are common during infancy. They are most commonly noted as superficial bright red lesions on the skin but can also be found deeper as subcutaneous lesions. Patients with multifocal cutaneous hemangiomas are at risk of visceral involvement with the liver being most commonly affected. Most hemangiomas can be monitored clinically as they are self-limiting. Despite this, hepatic hemangiomas can have serious complications including large arteriovenous shunts leading to cardiac compromise as well as severe hepatomegaly which can cause abdominal compartment syndrome, impaired ventilation and renal vein compression.

Clinical Findings

A six-month-old female, born ...


Higher Entropy Observed In Sars-Cov-2 Genomes From The First Covid-19 Wave In Pakistan, Najia Karim Ghanchi, Asghar Nasir, Kiran I. Masood, Syed Hani Abidi, Syed Faisal Mahmood, Akber Kanji, Safina Abdul Razzak, Waqasuddin Khan, Saba Shahid, Maliha Yameen, Ali Raza, Javaria Ashraf, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Mohammad Buksh Dharejo, Nazneen Islam, Zahra Hasan, Rumina Hasan 2021 Aga Khan University

Higher Entropy Observed In Sars-Cov-2 Genomes From The First Covid-19 Wave In Pakistan, Najia Karim Ghanchi, Asghar Nasir, Kiran I. Masood, Syed Hani Abidi, Syed Faisal Mahmood, Akber Kanji, Safina Abdul Razzak, Waqasuddin Khan, Saba Shahid, Maliha Yameen, Ali Raza, Javaria Ashraf, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Mohammad Buksh Dharejo, Nazneen Islam, Zahra Hasan, Rumina Hasan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: We investigated the genome diversity of SARS-CoV-2 associated with the early COVID-19 period to investigate evolution of the virus in Pakistan.
Materials and methods: We studied ninety SARS-CoV-2 strains isolated between March and October 2020. Whole genome sequences from our laboratory and available genomes were used to investigate phylogeny, genetic variantion and mutation rates of SARS-CoV-2 strains in Pakistan. Site specific entropy analysis compared mutation rates between strains isolated before and after June 2020.
Results: In March, strains belonging to L, S, V and GH clades were observed but by October, only L and GH strains were present. The ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress