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Identifying Opportunities For Implementing Home Blood Pressure Monitoring In Newly Diagnosed Or Worsening Hypertension At A Family Health Clinic, Catherine Liikala 2021 University of San Diego

Identifying Opportunities For Implementing Home Blood Pressure Monitoring In Newly Diagnosed Or Worsening Hypertension At A Family Health Clinic, Catherine Liikala

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

The literature is clear that the diagnosis, treatment, and plan of care for hypertension in adults should rely, at least in part, on ambulatory blood pressure. Using in-office blood pressures alone risks inaccurate measurements and can result in inappropriate treatments. Many clinics, however, do not adhere to this recommendation and will fall back on clinic readings which puts the patient at risk of mismanaged hypertension and polypharmacy. This project was formulated to identify the extent to which hypertensive patients were diagnosed and managed without the use of home blood pressure monitoring in a small local community clinic. This project ...


Is Microthrombosis The Main Pathology In Coronavirus Disease 2019 Severity?-A Systematic Review Of The Postmortem Pathologic Findings, Omar H. Fahmy, Farah M. Daas, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Jessica L. Petrey, Ediz F. Cosar, Julio Ramirez, Ozan Akca 2021 University of Louisville

Is Microthrombosis The Main Pathology In Coronavirus Disease 2019 Severity?-A Systematic Review Of The Postmortem Pathologic Findings, Omar H. Fahmy, Farah M. Daas, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Jessica L. Petrey, Ediz F. Cosar, Julio Ramirez, Ozan Akca

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

This systematic review attempts to retrieve and report the findings of postmortem studies including the histopathologic data of deceased coronavirus disease 2019 patients and to review the manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019-associated thrombotic pathologies reported in the recent literature.

Data Sources: PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database, and Cochrane library between December 1, 2019, and August 26, 2020.

Study Selection: Investigators screened 360 unique references, retrieved published autopsy series, and report on the postmortem histopathologic information on patients who had died of coronavirus disease 2019.

Data Extraction: Investigators independently abstracted all available data including study design, participant demographics, key histopathologic findings, disease ...


Myocarditis Following Covid-19 Vaccination, Elisabeth Albert, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Jason Saucedo, David S. Gerson 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Myocarditis Following Covid-19 Vaccination, Elisabeth Albert, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Jason Saucedo, David S. Gerson

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination frequently leads to minor side-effects, that may be more intense after the second dose, but more serious side effects have been reported. We report a case of a 24-year-old man who presented to the hospital with acute substernal chest pain, 4 days after his second COVID-19 Moderna vaccination. Laboratory studies revealed elevated troponins and negative viral serologies. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) demonstrated edema and delayed gadolinium enhancement of the left ventricle in a midmyocardial and epicardial distribution. The patient was diagnosed with myocarditis following Moderna vaccination. Our case report raises concern that myocarditis ...


Atrial Standstill In A Pediatric Patient With Scn5a Mutation Following Procainamide Challenge, Anmol Goyal 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Atrial Standstill In A Pediatric Patient With Scn5a Mutation Following Procainamide Challenge, Anmol Goyal

Research Days

Background: Atrial standstill (AS) is a rare arrhythmia characterized by absence of electrical and mechanical atrial activity associated with SCN5A channelopathy.

Case: An 18 year old male with structurally normal heart, frequent sinus pauses, nonsustained atrial tachycardia and high-grade block was found to have SCN5A mutation c.3823G>A (p.Asp1275Asn). An electrophysiology study (EPS) with high density voltage mapping of the right atrium was done (Fig 1a). Nonsustained multifocal atrial tachycardia was induced without ablative targets (Fib 1b). Procainamide challenge was negative for Brugada, however induced AS (Fig 1c-d). No atrial capture could be achieved at maximal output. Empiric ...


Inflammation, Diet, And Depression, Kareem F. Hamada 2021 College of the Holy Cross

Inflammation, Diet, And Depression, Kareem F. Hamada

College Honors Program

Although it is well established that inflammation contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD), this thesis considers the potential for dietary-induced inflammation to also play a role in the development of depression. Even though the association between inflammation and depression was initially proposed over 100 years ago, treatment of depression has focused on psychopharmacological and psychotherapy. In addition to the increases in the chronic diseases that are the leading causes of death, including CVD, diabetes, and several forms of cancer, consumption of meat, dairy, and highly processed foods have also increased dramatically in recent decades. The resulting Standard American Diet (S.A ...


Prenatal Diagnosis Of An Uncommon Form Of A Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Variant., Anmol Goyal 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Prenatal Diagnosis Of An Uncommon Form Of A Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Variant., Anmol Goyal

Research Days

Background: Mitral valve dysplasia syndrome (MVDS) is a rare form of congenital heart disease, similar to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Prenatal identification is important for counseling, delivery planning and postnatal management.

Case: A 39 year-old woman underwent fetal echocardiography at ~34 weeks gestation for evaluation of fetal cardiomegaly and hydrops revealing: biatrial enlargement, mild-to-moderate mitral and tricuspid valve insufficiency, echobright mitral valve apparatus, biventricular dilation, severe LV fibroelastosis (EFE) and systolic dysfunction, mild hypoplasia of aortic valve annulus and aortic arch, and a thick restrictive atrial septum (RAS) with left to right flow (Fig 1a-c).

Decision‐making: Although critical ...


Pediatric Pulmonary Artery Aneurysms Causing Pulmonary Hemorrhage: A Case Of Transcatheter Intervention While On Va Ecmo Support, Igor Areinamo 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Pediatric Pulmonary Artery Aneurysms Causing Pulmonary Hemorrhage: A Case Of Transcatheter Intervention While On Va Ecmo Support, Igor Areinamo

Research Days

Background: The incidence of pulmonary artery aneurysm (PAA) in children remains unknown. There are few reports of a transcutaneous interventional approach to address this type of pathology. Management of PAAs while on VA ECMO has not been described in pediatrics.

Objectives/Goal:

Methods/Design:

Case: 9-year-old previously healthy male presented with MRSA associated ARDS and sepsis requiring urgent VA ECMO cannulation. Chest CT done on ECMO day 22 showed development of right sided PAAs. Patient had an episode of significant pulmonary hemorrhage. Angiogram demonstrated two fusiform right PAAs, one of which had ruptured and was bleeding into the lung parenchyma ...


Standardized Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (Pocus) Set-Up For Cardiac Evaluation During Covid-19 Pandemic In A Pediatric Population., Anmol Goyal 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Standardized Point-Of-Care Ultrasound (Pocus) Set-Up For Cardiac Evaluation During Covid-19 Pandemic In A Pediatric Population., Anmol Goyal

Research Days

Background: The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV2 is known to cause significant cardiac dysfunction, effusion, thromboembolism and coronary dilation. Currently no pediatric specific guidelines exist from ACC or ASE for use of POCUS. Our objective was to identify ideal pediatric appropriate POCUS equipment and standardize its use.

Methods: A Phillips Lumify probe paired with Android-Samsung tablet and a Butterfly iQ probe paired with an iPad were considered. A workflow algorithm and cleaning instructions were created. If the POCUS scan answered the clinical question, then a detailed echo was deferred. If the POCUS scan revealed findings requiring comprehensive evaluation, a follow-up echo was ...


Machine Learning In The Health Industry: Predicting Congestive Heart Failure And Impactors, Alexandra Norman, James Harding, Daria Zhukova 2021 Southern Methodist University

Machine Learning In The Health Industry: Predicting Congestive Heart Failure And Impactors, Alexandra Norman, James Harding, Daria Zhukova

SMU Data Science Review

Cardiovascular diseases, Congestive Heart Failure in particular, are a leading cause of deaths worldwide. Congestive Heart Failure has high mortality and morbidity rates. The key to decreasing the morbidity and mortality rates associated with Congestive Heart Failure is determining a method to detect high-risk individuals prior to the development of this often-fatal disease. Providing high-risk individuals with advanced knowledge of risk factors that could potentially lead to Congestive Heart Failure, enhances the likelihood of preventing the disease through implementation of lifestyle changes for healthy living. When dealing with healthcare and patient data, there are restrictions that led to difficulties accessing ...


Tricuspid Atresia With Totally Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection: An Uncommon Finding, Anmol Goyal 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Tricuspid Atresia With Totally Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection: An Uncommon Finding, Anmol Goyal

Research Days

Background: Tricuspid atresia comprises 3-4% of all congenital heart disease (CHD). Anatomic findings are no true connection between the right atrium (RA) and right ventricle (RV) with concomitant findings of a ventricular septal defect (VSD), right ventricular hypoplasia, abnormalities of right ventricular outflow tract, pulmonary valve and pulmonary arteries. Common associated lesions have been described including transposition of great vessels, hypoplasia of aortic arch, double outlet ventricle or a common arterial trunk. Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is relatively rare and we present a case in addition to the six previously described cases in literature.

Case: A 33-year-old woman ...


Acute Flecainide Toxicity Treated With Intravenous Lipid Emulsion, Joseph S. Schreiner 2021 Rowan University

Acute Flecainide Toxicity Treated With Intravenous Lipid Emulsion, Joseph S. Schreiner

Stratford Campus Research Day

Flecainide is a Vaughn-Williams class IC antiarrhythmic used in the treatment of supraventricular tachycardias including atrial fibrillation. While overdose is rare, its negative effects on cardiac inotropy and conduction pathways can be readily fatal. This is further complicated by the redistribution of the drug out of the plasma and deposition in tissue, rendering reversal by sodium bicarbonate (the standard first line treatment agent) relatively ineffective. A case study of the successful treatment of hemodynamic collapse using sodium bicarbonate in conjunction with intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) in a patient who ingested a large amount of flecainide in a suicide attempt will ...


A Peculiar Presentation Of Cardiac Sarcoidosis As Third-Degree Atrioventricular Heart Block Complicated By Right Ventricle Perforation, Yash Suthar, Pooja Patel, Nikhita Kothari, Kristofer Hillegas 2021 Rowan University

A Peculiar Presentation Of Cardiac Sarcoidosis As Third-Degree Atrioventricular Heart Block Complicated By Right Ventricle Perforation, Yash Suthar, Pooja Patel, Nikhita Kothari, Kristofer Hillegas

Stratford Campus Research Day

• Cardiac sarcoidosis is a rare, inflammatory multisystem disorder that manifests as noncaseating granulomas of multiple organs.

• The clinical presentation of sarcoidosis is variable and may be underrecognized by clinicians.

• Individuals may be asymptomatic during their lifetimes and may be incidentally diagnosed with the disease for the first-time during autopsy.

• Patients with cardiac involvement of sarcoidosis may initially present with complications including arrhythmias, heart block, bundle branch block, congestive heart failure, pericardial effusion, pulmonary hypertension, and/or sudden cardiac death.


Coronary Artery Disease: An Analysis Of Its Biochemical, Physiological, And Sociological Causes And Effects, Alexander Velazquez 2021 University of Mississippi

Coronary Artery Disease: An Analysis Of Its Biochemical, Physiological, And Sociological Causes And Effects, Alexander Velazquez

Honors Theses

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a serious condition caused by a buildup of plaque in your coronary arteries, the blood vessels that bring oxygen-rich blood to your heart. It disproportionately affects millions of Americans and thousands of Mississippians. This study presents the results of an evaluation of causation factors of CAD, the physiological impact on the body, and the contributing determinants of CAD on Mississippi populations. Data on Mississippi populations were collected using the Center for Population Studies at the University of Mississippi. A multitude of individuals were evaluated when examining the causes and effects of CAD including men, women ...


Business Analysis Of Flexpacer: The Viability And Profitability Of Rechargeable Pacemakers, Bailey Arnold 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Business Analysis Of Flexpacer: The Viability And Profitability Of Rechargeable Pacemakers, Bailey Arnold

Information Systems Undergraduate Honors Theses

Heart disease being as prominent as it is in the United States enables medical technology manufacturers to create lucrative businesses and products for cardiothoracic and cardiovascular physicians and patients. As a proposed rechargeable pacemaker (PM) that uses piezoelectric energy harvesting technology, FlexPacer has the chance to eliminate the need for battery replacement surgeries. This paper aims to outline the current issues in PM products and technology, identify the potential risks and benefits of FlexPacer, and discuss FlexPacer’s potential for profitability.


Finding The Balance​ The Effects Of Α-Cyclodextrin, 2-Hydroxypropyl-Β-Cyclodextrin, And Cholesterol Bacteroides Vulgatus And Clostridium Bolteae​, Bethany Weaver 2021 Olivet Nazarene University

Finding The Balance​ The Effects Of Α-Cyclodextrin, 2-Hydroxypropyl-Β-Cyclodextrin, And Cholesterol Bacteroides Vulgatus And Clostridium Bolteae​, Bethany Weaver

Honors Program Projects

Atherosclerosis is a cardiovascular disease that is characterized by the hardening of arteries through the formation of cholesterol plaques. Cyclodextrins could potentially treat atherosclerosis by shrinking plaques. These cyclic oligosaccharides can make complexes with cholesterol but have also shown toxic side effects. This study looked for potential negative effects of cyclodextrins and cholesterol on gut bacteria. It was hypothesized that Bacteroides vulgatus will have decreased growth when grown in broth with cholesterol. In contrast, Clostridium bolteae will have decreased growth when grown in broth with cyclodextrins. Due to the fact that these bacteria are anaerobic, Clostridium bolteae and Bacteroides vulgatus ...


Economic And Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of The Community-Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trials In India, Pakistan And Mozambique, Jeffrey N. Bone, Asif R. Khowaja, Marianne Vidler, Beth A. Payne, Mrutyunjaya B. Bellad, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Ashalata A. Mallapur, Khatia Munguambe, Rahat Qureshi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2021 The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Economic And Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of The Community-Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trials In India, Pakistan And Mozambique, Jeffrey N. Bone, Asif R. Khowaja, Marianne Vidler, Beth A. Payne, Mrutyunjaya B. Bellad, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Ashalata A. Mallapur, Khatia Munguambe, Rahat Qureshi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Background: The Community-Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) trials (NCT01911494) in India, Pakistan and Mozambique (February 2014-2017) involved community engagement and task sharing with community health workers for triage and initial treatment of pregnancy hypertension. Maternal and perinatal mortality was less frequent among women who received ≥8 CLIP contacts. The aim of this analysis was to assess the incremental costs and cost-effectiveness of the CLIP intervention overall in comparison to standard of care, and by PIERS (Pre-eclampsia Integrated Estimate of RiSk) On the Move (POM) mobile health application visit frequency.
Methods: Included were all women enrolled in the three CLIP trials ...


Perivascular Adipose Tissue In Relation To Diet, Thermogenesis And Cardiovascular Health, Ginger Paquette, Caitlin Stieber, Ashely Soucy, Benjamin Tero, Lucy Liaw 2021 University of Southern Maine

Perivascular Adipose Tissue In Relation To Diet, Thermogenesis And Cardiovascular Health, Ginger Paquette, Caitlin Stieber, Ashely Soucy, Benjamin Tero, Lucy Liaw

Thinking Matters Symposium

Adipose tissue is a diverse and crucial component to vascular health due to its role in energy storage and heat production. The primary function of white adipose tissue (WAT) is energy storage while the function of mitochondria-rich brown adipose tissue (BAT) is heat production. Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT), which surrounds blood vessels, contains both WAT and BAT adipocytes. Dietary calorie restriction is associated with increased lifespan with decreased adiposity. Increased prevalence of WAT-like PVAT, due to high-fat diets and obesity, leads to increased metabolic disfunction and cardiovascular-disease. We used a calorie-restriction model in C57BL6/J mice to test the hypothesis ...


Hiv Tat Protein Activates Plasma Kallikrein-Kinin System In Hiv-1 Tat Transgenic Mice, Logan Sneed 2021 University of Mississippi

Hiv Tat Protein Activates Plasma Kallikrein-Kinin System In Hiv-1 Tat Transgenic Mice, Logan Sneed

Honors Theses

Human Immunodeficiency Viruses are a group of lentiviruses that have seen a lot of study ever since their discovery. HIV-1, the most common and virulent form of the virus, has proven to be quite deadly when untreated, so any research into the mechanisms of HIV pathogenesis and replication could have major medical applications all over the world. HIV-1 is a sexually transmitted virus that compromises the hosts immune system and eventually leads to the patient developing AIDS, a life-threatening condition that nearly half of people infected with HIV will develop within ten years. Our study sets out to determine exactly ...


Acute Stroke Imaging, Jose Gavito-Higuera 2021 RAD-AID

Acute Stroke Imaging, Jose Gavito-Higuera

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is part of the PEER Liberia Radiology Lecture Series. It provides an overview of imaging and stroke assessment for acute stroke, including a review of some cases.


Seroprevalence Of Sars-Cov-2 Antibody In Echocardiography And Stress Laboratory, Renuka Jain, Stacie Kroboth, Denise Ignatowski, Bijoy K. Khandheria 2021 Advocate Aurora Health

Seroprevalence Of Sars-Cov-2 Antibody In Echocardiography And Stress Laboratory, Renuka Jain, Stacie Kroboth, Denise Ignatowski, Bijoy K. Khandheria

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Transesophageal echocardiography is an aerosol-generating procedure, and exercise stress testing is a potentially aerosol-generating activity. Concern has been raised about heightened risk of transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) among health care personnel participating in these procedures. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of past coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection in echocardiography and stress laboratory staff.

Methods: All staff who worked in the echocardiography and stress laboratories of one high-traffic urban hospital from March 15, 2020, to June 15, 2020, were asked to voluntarily participate. Those willing to participate were consented, and past COVID-19 infection was ...


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