Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Cardiovascular Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,855 Full-Text Articles 5,562 Authors 368,554 Downloads 155 Institutions

All Articles in Cardiovascular Diseases

Faceted Search

1,855 full-text articles. Page 6 of 84.

Bacteremia And Endocarditis, Steven C. Hatch 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Bacteremia And Endocarditis, Steven C. Hatch

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation provides an overview of the pathogens that cause bacteremia and endocarditis. Manifestations, pathology and treatment are discussed. The goals of the presentation are: Consider major pathogens that cause bacteremia and endocarditis in both adults and children; Discuss pathogenesis; Review clinical manifestations; Discuss basic treatment strategies; and Highlight useful sources of information.


Nurse-Initiated Protocols For Chest Pain In The Emergency Department, Matthew Hodges 2020 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Nurse-Initiated Protocols For Chest Pain In The Emergency Department, Matthew Hodges

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Emergency department crowding inhibits the ability to provide safe patient care to chest pain patients and negatively impact patient outcomes. A Veteran Affairs emergency department has identified a similar concern and implemented a nurse-initiated protocol to decrease the length of stay and improve patient outcomes.

PICOT: This evidence-based practice (EBP) project was guided by the following PICOT question: In the emergency department (ED), how does a nurse-initiated protocol (NIP) for chest pain (CP) patients compared to no protocol use influence length of stay (LOS) in the ED over 8 weeks?

Evidence: The reviewed literature supported the evidence of ...


The Covid-19 Pandemic And Religious Travel: Present And Future Trends, Daniel H. Olsen, Dallen Timothy 2020 Brigham Young University

The Covid-19 Pandemic And Religious Travel: Present And Future Trends, Daniel H. Olsen, Dallen Timothy

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The COVID-19 pandemic of 2020 has had dramatic effects on both the health and economic stability of countries around the world. While several scholars and media commentators have suggested that the pandemic would be a good time to reset an unsustainable tourism system, left out of these discussions has been the impacts on religion and religious travel. The purpose of this paper is to review the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on religion and religious travel, including the tensions that have arisen between religious communities, governments and health officials. The paper then discusses potential futures regarding religious travel in a ...


Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention In Saphenous Vein Grafts In A Low To Middle-Income Country, Ghurfan Adnan, Intisar Ahmed, Javed Tai, Maria Ali Khan, Hammad Hasan 2020 Aga Khan University

Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention In Saphenous Vein Grafts In A Low To Middle-Income Country, Ghurfan Adnan, Intisar Ahmed, Javed Tai, Maria Ali Khan, Hammad Hasan

Section of Cardiology

Background: Revascularization of saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) is challenging and debated for the last few decades. The percutaneous revascularization of SVGs was reported to have poorer long-term outcomes than native coronary artery revascularization.
Purpose: We aim to study the peri-procedural complications and long-term outcomes of the percutaneous revascularization of SVGs in a low-middle-income country.
Methods: In this retrospective study, we included 110 patients who underwent percutaneous revascularization from January 2011 to March 2020 and followed them retrospectively for long-term outcomes and major adverse cardiovascular events.
Results: The mean age was 71 ±9, and 81% were male. The most common reason ...


Mobile Health Assessments Of Geriatric Elements In Older Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: The Mobile Sage-Af Study (M-Sage), Katherine Trymbulak, Eric Y. Ding, Francesca Marino, Zi-Yue Wang 2020 Quinnipiac University

Mobile Health Assessments Of Geriatric Elements In Older Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: The Mobile Sage-Af Study (M-Sage), Katherine Trymbulak, Eric Y. Ding, Francesca Marino, Zi-Yue Wang

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Background

Geriatric conditions (eg, cognitive impairment, frailty) are increasingly recognized for their impact on clinical and quality-of-life outcomes in older patients with cardiovascular disease, but are not systematically assessed in the context of clinical visits owing to time constraints.

Objective

To examine feasibility of remote monitoring of the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial status of older adults with atrial fibrillation (AF) via a novel smartphone app over 6 months.

Methods

Forty participants with AF and eligible for anticoagulation therapy (CHA2DS2VASc ≥2) enrolled in an ongoing cohort study participated in a mobile health pilot study. A 6-component geriatric ...


Pulmonary Embolism Related To Covid-19 Quarantine, Eduardo J. Quinteros MD, Juan Bisonni MD 2020 Clinica Privada Mayo Bell Ville

Pulmonary Embolism Related To Covid-19 Quarantine, Eduardo J. Quinteros Md, Juan Bisonni Md

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

The mandatory quarantine imposed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic has been related to an increase in cases of thromboembolism in non-COVID-19 patients. Particularly in countries like Argentina where strict quarantine was mandated, individuals were far less likely to risk being outside or observing healthy practices that would maintain the exacerbation of diseases such as thromboembolism. We report the case of a patient with pulmonary thromboembolism without usual triggering causes during the quarantine period, related to a previously undiagnosed hypercoagulable condition.


Managing May-Thurner Syndrome And Associated Complications Throughout Pregnancy And Postpartum, Jessica A. Young, Stephen Zweibach, Nicole L. Plenty, Tiffany Tonismae 2020 HCA Healthcare

Managing May-Thurner Syndrome And Associated Complications Throughout Pregnancy And Postpartum, Jessica A. Young, Stephen Zweibach, Nicole L. Plenty, Tiffany Tonismae

OB-GYN

No abstract provided.


Implementing Trauma-Informed Care Early In The Lives Of Children And Adults, Carley Clymer 2020 Murray State University

Implementing Trauma-Informed Care Early In The Lives Of Children And Adults, Carley Clymer

Scholars Week

Throughout the health care industry, providers are failing to recognize the implications that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have upon adult health. As a result, these patients not only have to endure these traumas, but they’re also faced with crippling health conditions that accompany them including depression, heart disease and obesity. The prevalence of common high-risk behaviors such as smoking, drinking and illicit drug use can also co-exist with adversity, which leads to an exacerbation of already poor health. This presentation aims to relay the significance of adopting a trauma informed care (TIC) approach early in the lives of clients ...


Availability And Affordability Of Medicines And Cardiovascular Outcomes In 21 High-Income, Middle-Income And Low-Income Countries, Clara Kayei Chow, Tu Ngoc Nguyen, Simone Marschner, Rafael Diaz, Omar Rahman, Alvaro Avezum, Scott A. Lear, Koon Teo, Karen E. Yeates, Khawar Kazmi 2020 The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Availability And Affordability Of Medicines And Cardiovascular Outcomes In 21 High-Income, Middle-Income And Low-Income Countries, Clara Kayei Chow, Tu Ngoc Nguyen, Simone Marschner, Rafael Diaz, Omar Rahman, Alvaro Avezum, Scott A. Lear, Koon Teo, Karen E. Yeates, Khawar Kazmi

Section of Cardiology

Objectives: We aimed to examine the relationship between access to medicine for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) among people at high risk of CVD in high-income countries (HICs), upper and lower middle-income countries (UMICs, LMICs) and low-income countries (LICs) participating in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study.
Methods: We defined high CVD risk as the presence of any of the following: hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, smoker, diabetes or age >55 years. Availability and affordability of blood pressure lowering drugs, antiplatelets and statins were obtained from pharmacies. Participants were categorised: group 1-all three drug types ...


Comparison Of Figure Of Eight And Traditional Simple Wire Closure Method To Prevent Dehiscence After Sternal Closure, Aleezay Asghar, Khawaja Muhammad Talha, Muneer Amanullah, Syed Shahabuddin 2020 Aga Khan University

Comparison Of Figure Of Eight And Traditional Simple Wire Closure Method To Prevent Dehiscence After Sternal Closure, Aleezay Asghar, Khawaja Muhammad Talha, Muneer Amanullah, Syed Shahabuddin

Medical College Documents

Objective: To investigate significant differences, if any, between figure of-eight method and simple wire closure technique in reducing the incidence of infectious and non-infectious sternal dehiscence in patients undergoing sternal closure.
Methods: The systematic review was conducted in the Cardiothoracic Surgery Department at Aga Khan University from 1st December 2015 to 13th December 2017. The review was registered with PROSPERO, the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews. Pubmed, Cochrane Library (Wiley) and Scopus databases were searched for articles published up to December 13, 2017. The search was limited to randomised control trials, clinical trials, retrospective cohort studies, journal analyses, systematic ...


Stroke Preventive In African American Women Ages 20-40 That Are Using Or Have Used Oral Contraceptives, Ashanti L. N. Coleman 2020 Abilene Christian University

Stroke Preventive In African American Women Ages 20-40 That Are Using Or Have Used Oral Contraceptives, Ashanti L. N. Coleman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This Doctor of Nursing Practice project will inform the audience of stroke awareness as it pertains to oral contraceptives. The study’s focus was to enhance the knowledge of African American women ages 20–40 that have used or are currently using an oral contraceptive. It has been identified that this patient population lacked the knowledge regarding stroke and oral contraceptives, and African American women continue to have the highest incidence of stroke. African American women also make up more than half of the consumers utilizing oral contraceptives. An oral contraceptive knowledge questionnaire was utilized from previous research to determine ...


Ultrasound-Guided Resuscitation In Open Aortic Surgery - The Aortus Trial, John H. Landau 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Ultrasound-Guided Resuscitation In Open Aortic Surgery - The Aortus Trial, John H. Landau

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Major abdominal aortic surgery requires significant fluid resuscitation in the post-operative phase. Patients are at significant risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality which can be affected by the approach to post-operative fluid resuscitation. Point of care ultrasonography (POCUS) has evolved as a tool to perform whole-body assessments at the bedside to augment the physical exam and guide the resuscitation of the critically ill. This study will aim to explore the value of rigorous goal-directed resuscitation in aortic surgery using point of care ultrasonography (POCUS).

Methods: In an open-label, randomized, feasibility trial we enrolled 17 patients to receive resuscitation guided ...


Association Of Damaging Variants In Genes With Increased Cancer Risk Among Patients With Congenital Heart Disease, Sarah U. Morton, Peter E. Newburger, Christine E. Seidman 2020 Harvard Medical School

Association Of Damaging Variants In Genes With Increased Cancer Risk Among Patients With Congenital Heart Disease, Sarah U. Morton, Peter E. Newburger, Christine E. Seidman

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Importance: Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), the most common birth defect, have increased risks for cancer. Identification of the variables that contribute to cancer risk is essential for recognizing patients with CHD who warrant longitudinal surveillance and early interventions.

Objective: To compare the frequency of damaging variants in cancer risk genes among patients with CHD and control participants and identify associated clinical variables in patients with CHD who have cancer risk variants.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter case-control study included participants with CHD who had previously been recruited to the Pediatric Cardiac Genomics Consortium based on presence of ...


Endovascular Branch Fenestration And/Or Stenting May Be A Viable Treatment Option For Lower Limb Malperfusion Due To Acute Type B Aortic Dissection, Matthew Henry 2020 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Endovascular Branch Fenestration And/Or Stenting May Be A Viable Treatment Option For Lower Limb Malperfusion Due To Acute Type B Aortic Dissection, Matthew Henry

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising Norton EL, Williams DM, Kim KM, et al. Management of acute type B aortic dissection with malperfusion via endovascular fenestration/stenting [published online September 30, 2019]. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.09.065


Incorporating Kidney Disease Measures Into Cardiovascular Risk Prediction: Development And Validation In 9 Million Adults From 72 Datasets, Kunihiro Matsushita, Simerjot K. Jassal, Yingying Sang, Shoshana H. Ballew, Morgan E. Grams, Aditya Surapaneni, Johan Arnlov, Nisha Bansal, Milica Bozic, Tazeen H. Jafar 2020 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA.

Incorporating Kidney Disease Measures Into Cardiovascular Risk Prediction: Development And Validation In 9 Million Adults From 72 Datasets, Kunihiro Matsushita, Simerjot K. Jassal, Yingying Sang, Shoshana H. Ballew, Morgan E. Grams, Aditya Surapaneni, Johan Arnlov, Nisha Bansal, Milica Bozic, Tazeen H. Jafar

Section of Nephrology

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) measures (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] and albuminuria) are frequently assessed in clinical practice and improve the prediction of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), yet most major clinical guidelines do not have a standardized approach for incorporating these measures into CVD risk prediction. "CKD Patch" is a validated method to calibrate and improve the predicted risk from established equations according to CKD measures.
Methods: Utilizing data from 4,143,535 adults from 35 datasets, we developed several "CKD Patches" incorporating eGFR and albuminuria, to enhance prediction of risk of atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) by the Pooled Cohort ...


Efficacy Of Beveled Tip Aspiration Catheter In Mechanical Thrombectomy For Acute Ischemic Stroke, Jan Vargas, Jonathan Blalock, Anand Venkatraman, Vania Anagnostakou, Robert M. King, Joseph A. Ewing, Matthew J. Gounis, Raymond D. Turner, Imran Chaudry, Aquilla Turk 2020 Prisma Health Upstate

Efficacy Of Beveled Tip Aspiration Catheter In Mechanical Thrombectomy For Acute Ischemic Stroke, Jan Vargas, Jonathan Blalock, Anand Venkatraman, Vania Anagnostakou, Robert M. King, Joseph A. Ewing, Matthew J. Gounis, Raymond D. Turner, Imran Chaudry, Aquilla Turk

Radiology Publications

BACKGROUND: Direct aspiration thrombectomy techniques use large bore aspiration catheters for mechanical thrombectomy. Several aspiration catheters are now available. We report a bench top exploration of a novel beveled tip catheter and our experience in treating large vessel occlusions (LVOs) using next-generation aspiration catheters.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis from a prospectively maintained database comparing the bevel shaped tip aspiration catheter versus non-beveled tip catheters was performed. Patient demographics, periprocedural metrics, and discharge and 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores were collected. Patients were divided into two groups based on which aspiration catheter was used.

RESULTS: Our data showed no significant ...


Premature Atrial And Ventricular Contraction Detection Using Photoplethysmographic Data From A Smartwatch, Dong Han, Syed Khairul Bashar, Fahimeh Mohagheghian, Eric Y. Ding, Cody Whitcomb, David D. McManus, Ki H. Chon 2020 University of Connecticut

Premature Atrial And Ventricular Contraction Detection Using Photoplethysmographic Data From A Smartwatch, Dong Han, Syed Khairul Bashar, Fahimeh Mohagheghian, Eric Y. Ding, Cody Whitcomb, David D. Mcmanus, Ki H. Chon

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

We developed an algorithm to detect premature atrial contraction (PAC) and premature ventricular contraction (PVC) using photoplethysmographic (PPG) data acquired from a smartwatch. Our PAC/PVC detection algorithm is composed of a sequence of algorithms that are combined to discriminate various arrhythmias. A novel vector resemblance method is used to enhance the PAC/PVC detection results of the Poincare plot method. The new PAC/PVC detection algorithm with our automated motion and noise artifact detection approach yielded a sensitivity of 86% for atrial fibrillation (AF) subjects while the overall sensitivity was 67% when normal sinus rhythm (NSR) subjects were also ...


Improving Door To Transfer Times For St Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction In Small Emergency Departments: A Quality Performance Improvement Project, Amber Ryals 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

Improving Door To Transfer Times For St Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction In Small Emergency Departments: A Quality Performance Improvement Project, Amber Ryals

Doctoral Projects

Heart disease is a leading cause of death in the United States (Centers for Disease Control [CDC], 2020). ST-elevation myocardial infarctions are around 38% of all coronary syndrome patients that present to the emergency department (Akbar et al., 2020). Smaller, outlying facilities can be at a disadvantage due to the lack of readily available specialties and services, such as a cardiac catheterization laboratory, which has the potential to cause a delay in inpatient care. With standardized cardiac protocols in place at many facilities, initial identification and treatment of myocardial infarctions are begun long before a patient enters a facility, often ...


Ruptured Mycotic Reverse Saphenous Vein Graft Aneurysm: A Late Complication Of Mediastinitis, Yasir Bilal Khan, Shiraz Hashmi, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi 2020 Aga Khan University

Ruptured Mycotic Reverse Saphenous Vein Graft Aneurysm: A Late Complication Of Mediastinitis, Yasir Bilal Khan, Shiraz Hashmi, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi

Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Reverse saphenous vein graft aneurysm (RSVGA) is a rare complication that occurs after coronary bypass grafting surgery. Mycotic aneurysm of reverse saphenous vein graft is even more rare. We describe the case of a 76-year-old man who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting 10 years back and had mediastinitis four to five months after surgery. He presented with chest pain in July 2017 and was diagnosed as NSTEMI. Angiography showed left main coronary artery disease (90%) with aneurysm of reverse saphenous vein graft to right posterior descending artery(RPDA). Emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the left main artery was performed ...


An Approach For The In-Vivo Characterization Of Brain And Heart Inflammation In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Joanne Tang 2020 The University of Western Ontario

An Approach For The In-Vivo Characterization Of Brain And Heart Inflammation In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Joanne Tang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a neuromuscular disorder caused by dystrophin loss—notably within muscles and CNS neurons. DMD presents as cognitive weakness, progressive skeletal and cardiac muscle degeneration until pre-mature death from cardiac or respiratory failure. Innovative therapies improved life expectancy, but this is accompanied by increased late-onset heart failure and emergent cognitive degeneration. Thus, there is an increasing need to both better understand and track disease pathophysiology in the dystrophic heart and brain prior to onset of severe degenerative symptoms. Chronic inflammation is strongly associated with skeletal and cardiac muscle degeneration, however chronic neuroinflammation’s role is largely ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress