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Properties Of Portland Cement Concrete Incorporating Basalt-Based Pozzolanic Cement, Rana Khalil 2024 American University in Cairo

Properties Of Portland Cement Concrete Incorporating Basalt-Based Pozzolanic Cement, Rana Khalil

Theses and Dissertations

Over the last decade, the world's population has increased dramatically. Due to this growth, the demand for concrete and Portland cement, in return, have increased. Manufacturing of Portland cement is an energy-intensive process that, alone, contributes to about 8% of global CO2. For decades, efforts have been exerted to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of Portland cement by reducing its use in concrete as well as considering alternate binders that may fully or partially replace it. This study aims to assess the properties of concrete incorporating a novel basalt-based pozzolanic cement. To meet this objective, four sets of concrete mixtures …


Applicability Of Using Bio-Receptive Concrete For Building Facades In Egypt, Gina Roupheil 2024 American University in Cairo

Applicability Of Using Bio-Receptive Concrete For Building Facades In Egypt, Gina Roupheil

Theses and Dissertations

The significant increase in carbon dioxide emissions caused by the construction industry is detrimental to our planet. This is rapidly increasing with the urbanization of cities that is gradually taking its toll on the available green spaces, which help in balancing such emissions. Recently, researchers have been trying to make use of bio-receptivity to create biomaterial systems that could be spread on building envelopes and support the growth of small plant species and microorganisms to establish on. Out of those materials, comes the concrete as a promising material for bio-colonization.

Within this context, this study aims at investigating the applicability …


Assessing Adoption Barriers Of Sustainable Packaging In Egypt, Carol Ramses Morgan 2024 American University in Cairo

Assessing Adoption Barriers Of Sustainable Packaging In Egypt, Carol Ramses Morgan

Theses and Dissertations

Sustainable packaging has become an essential part of business decisions and corporate directions. With the rise of environmental damages due to improper waste management and unsustainable practices, businesses have a major responsibility to analyze their products’ life cycles and redesign them with sustainability in mind. Applying sustainable packaging could save companies large amounts of resources, therefore cutting costs, while also achieving the legal and social duty as a corporation towards society and the environment. Many developing countries, with specific focus on Egypt, have recently focused on legislative and corporate decisions in order to encourage more sustainable practices. Egypt’s new Waste …


Developing And Forecasting The Egyptian Construction Cost Index, Mayada Elsaied 2024 American University in Cairo

Developing And Forecasting The Egyptian Construction Cost Index, Mayada Elsaied

Theses and Dissertations

Accurate cost estimation is pivotal for the success of construction projects, yet the industry grapples with challenges related to cost overruns. Uncertainties and unforeseen variables often introduce discrepancies, particularly during the planning phase. Economic changes, considered uncontrollable risks, significantly influence these fluctuations. Various research endeavors have quantified the impact of economic conditions on construction costs, emphasizing the correlation between economic indicators and project expenses. Addressing these challenges, the Construction Cost Index (CCI), a tool introduced by Engineering News Record (ENR), accurately delineates the correlation between economic changes and construction costs. Despite its global efficacy, an Egyptian Construction Cost Index is …


Modified Zero-Gravity Chair In The Management Of Pain And Anxiety With Emphasis On Pre And Post Anesthesia For Surgical Procedures, Alexander Tisdale, Kinsley Batson, Zachary Jamous, Isabella Termini, Kyle Mooday, Matt Cohn, Jackson Justice 2024 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Modified Zero-Gravity Chair In The Management Of Pain And Anxiety With Emphasis On Pre And Post Anesthesia For Surgical Procedures, Alexander Tisdale, Kinsley Batson, Zachary Jamous, Isabella Termini, Kyle Mooday, Matt Cohn, Jackson Justice

Annual Research Symposium

The purpose of this research is the integration of a zero-gravity chair with planar vibration as a non-pharmaceutical approach to preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain management. The treatment plan involves preoperative familiarization with the chair's vibrational patterns and postoperative use for pain relief. Integration of this approach holds promise in reshaping postoperative care paradigms, advocating for personalized, holistic interventions to enhance patient well-being and mitigate opioid-related risks.


Development Of An Empirical Ground-Motion Model For Post-Mining Induced Seismicity Near Gardanne, France, Pierre Gehl, Pascal Dominique, Hideo Aochi, Mickael Delatre, Jannes Kinscher, Isabelle Contrucci 2024 Risks and Prevention Division, BRGM, Orléans, France

Development Of An Empirical Ground-Motion Model For Post-Mining Induced Seismicity Near Gardanne, France, Pierre Gehl, Pascal Dominique, Hideo Aochi, Mickael Delatre, Jannes Kinscher, Isabelle Contrucci

Journal of Sustainable Mining

Since the closure of mining activities in 2003, the coal basin of Gardanne in South-East France has experienced thousands of small-magnitude earthquake events, mostly triggered by the flooding of mine workings. Some of these events have been powerful enough to be strongly felt by the population, generating nuisance and concern about potential damage to buildings. The aim of this study is to improve the characterisation of the level of ground motion at the surface, by developing a ground-motion model for post-mining induced seismicity, based on several years of recorded data. A Bayesian-based method is applied to the data in order …


Hydraulic Borehole Mining (Hbm) Technology Employed In Lignite Mining – Technical, Economic And Market Aspects, Bartłomiej Jura, Piotr Krawczyk, Jacek Skiba, Natalia Howaniec 2024 Central Mining Institute, Department of Mining Aerology, Katowice, Poland,

Hydraulic Borehole Mining (Hbm) Technology Employed In Lignite Mining – Technical, Economic And Market Aspects, Bartłomiej Jura, Piotr Krawczyk, Jacek Skiba, Natalia Howaniec

Journal of Sustainable Mining

The results of a cost-effectiveness and economic efficiency assessment of the Hydraulic Borehole Mining (HBM) technology applied to lignite mining are presented. The Dynamic Generation Cost, the Net Present Value, and the Internal Rate of Return were calculated for the extraction of lignite at a rate of about 3.44 million Mg/year from a mining parcel of 1 2.5 km, taking into account CAPEX and OPEX. The cost of mining 1 Mg of lignite using the HBM technology was reported to be lower than its market prices before the energy crisis in Europe caused by the war in Ukraine. The values …


Predicting Open-Pit Mine Production Using Machine Learning Techniques, Faustin Nartey Kumah, Alex Kwasi Saim, Millicent Nkrumah Oppong, Clement Kweku Arthur 2024 Department of Mineral Engineering, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico, USA

Predicting Open-Pit Mine Production Using Machine Learning Techniques, Faustin Nartey Kumah, Alex Kwasi Saim, Millicent Nkrumah Oppong, Clement Kweku Arthur

Journal of Sustainable Mining

In mining, where production is affected by several factors, including equipment availability, it is necessary to develop reliable models to accurately predict mine production to improve operational efficiency. Hence, in this study, four (4) machine learning algorithms – namely: artificial neural network (ANN), random forest (RF), gradient boosting regression (GBR) and decision tree (DT)) – were implemented to predict mine production. Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) analysis was used as a baseline study for comparison purposes. In that regard, one hundred and twenty-six (126) datasets from an open-pit gold mine were used. The developed models were evaluated and compared using the …


An Innovative Fracture Plugging Evaluation Method For Drill-In Fluid Loss Control And Formation Damage Prevention In Deep Fractured Tight Reservoirs, Chengyuan Xu, Lei Liu, Yang Yang, Yili Kang, Zhenjiang You 2024 Edith Cowan University

An Innovative Fracture Plugging Evaluation Method For Drill-In Fluid Loss Control And Formation Damage Prevention In Deep Fractured Tight Reservoirs, Chengyuan Xu, Lei Liu, Yang Yang, Yili Kang, Zhenjiang You

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Lost circulation, resulting from the undesired loss of drilling fluid into formation fractures, stands as a significant technical obstacle in the exploration and production of oil, gas, and geothermal reservoirs. Effective mitigation of this challenge requires the development and application of robust experimental evaluation methods to assess the effectiveness of fracture plugging. The traditional approach to fracture plugging evaluation relies on a uniform evaluation index and experimental parameters for various lost circulation types. Unfortunately, this practice frequently results in inconsistent performance of loss control formulas during laboratory experiments and field tests. To address this issue, this paper introduces an innovative …


Numerical And Experimental Investigation Of Negative Stiffness Beams And Honeycomb Structures, Yasser Darwish, Mohamed A. ElGawady 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Numerical And Experimental Investigation Of Negative Stiffness Beams And Honeycomb Structures, Yasser Darwish, Mohamed A. Elgawady

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Metamaterial structures that exhibit negative stiffness (MSNS) behavior have shown the potential to be used as energy dissipation systems in different applications. Negative stiffness honeycomb structures consist of multiple pre-buckled beams that snapping through from one pre-buckled mode to another buckled mode, when subjected to transverse loads, displaying negative stiffness, and dissipating a significant portion of the input energy. This paper presents finite element models (FEMs) developed to investigate the performance of negative stiffness pre-buckled beams and honeycombs. The FEMs were validated using experimental results of single pre-buckled beams and honeycomb structures. The experimental testing of the pre-buckled beams was …


Numerical Investigation Of The Thermo-Hydraulic Performance Of A Shark Denticle-Inspired Plate Fin Heat Exchanger, Aakash S. Hurry, Ana Vafadar, Kevin Hayward, Ferdinando Guzzomi, Kanishk Rauthan 2024 Edith Cowan University

Numerical Investigation Of The Thermo-Hydraulic Performance Of A Shark Denticle-Inspired Plate Fin Heat Exchanger, Aakash S. Hurry, Ana Vafadar, Kevin Hayward, Ferdinando Guzzomi, Kanishk Rauthan

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Growing demand for increased power dissipation is fuelling the need for the design of more efficient heat exchangers. Modifying fin geometry is an effective way of improving heat transfer efficiency and of reducing flow resistance for plate fin heat exchangers. To date, fin designs have mostly revolved around classical shapes such as pins, ellipses, and rectangles, due to limitations of conventional manufacturing technologies. However, with recent advancements in metal additive manufacturing, there is an opportunity of redesigning approaches and ways of thinking to create novel fin geometries. In this study, biomimicry was used as a tool to reverse engineer a …


Permeability Enhancement And Coal Fines Removal Through Oxidation Treatment In Coalbed Methane Reservoirs, Yu Lu, Yili Kang, Chengzhong Bu, Ying Li, Chong Lin, Zhenjiang You 2024 Edith Cowan University

Permeability Enhancement And Coal Fines Removal Through Oxidation Treatment In Coalbed Methane Reservoirs, Yu Lu, Yili Kang, Chengzhong Bu, Ying Li, Chong Lin, Zhenjiang You

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

This study utilized anthracite coal samples from Zhijin Block and applied NaClO as the oxidant to investigate the effects of oxidation treatment on permeability enhancement and coal fines migration. Subsequent to oxidation treatment, the coal samples demonstrated an average increase of 42.17% in the equivalent hydraulic aperture (EHA). This treatment also resulted in the expansion of fluid flow channels, contributing to an average permeability enhancement of 108.85% in the coal samples. Resulting from the non-uniform dissolution of the oxidant on the fracture surface of coal, self-propping fractures were formed, effectively maintaining the conductivity of fractures. The oxidation treatment converted the …


Identification Of Strong Tremor Causes For Appropriate Rock Burst Prevention In A Hard Coal Mine, Rafał Pakosz, Łukasz Wojtecki, Maciej J. Mendecki, Agnieszka Krzyżanowska 2024 Polish Mining Group, Ruda Hard Coal Mine, Poland

Identification Of Strong Tremor Causes For Appropriate Rock Burst Prevention In A Hard Coal Mine, Rafał Pakosz, Łukasz Wojtecki, Maciej J. Mendecki, Agnieszka Krzyżanowska

Journal of Sustainable Mining

The exploitation carried out in the Bielszowice part of the Ruda Hard Coal Mine is mainly accompanied by seismic and rock burst hazards. The occurrence of high-energy tremors may be associated with many factors, e.g., fracturing of thick layers of high-strength rocks or destruction processes of a stressed and/or thick coal seam. These factors are often combined when excavating a single longwall panel. Determining the causes of strong tremors is of fundamental importance for mining and rock burst prevention. The extraction of the 004z longwall panel in the top layer of coal seam No. 504 was designed in complex geological …


Mri Image Regression Cnn For Bone Marrow Lesion Volume Prediction, Kevin Yanagisawa 2024 Rowan University

Mri Image Regression Cnn For Bone Marrow Lesion Volume Prediction, Kevin Yanagisawa

Theses and Dissertations

Bone marrow lesions (BMLs), occurs from fluid build up in the soft tissues inside your bone. This can be seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and is characterized by excess water signals in the bone marrow space. This disease is commonly caused by osteoarthritis (OA), a degenerative join disease where tissues within the joint breakdown over time [1]. These BMLs are an emerging target for OA, as they are commonly related to pain and worsening of the diseased area until surgical intervention is required [2]–[4]. In order to assess the BMLs, MRIs were utilized as input into a regression …


Automated Large-Scale Tornado Treefall Detection And Directional Analysis Using Machine Learning, Daniel G. Butt, Aaron L. Jaffe, Connell S. Miller, Gregory A. Kopp, David Sills 2024 Western University

Automated Large-Scale Tornado Treefall Detection And Directional Analysis Using Machine Learning, Daniel G. Butt, Aaron L. Jaffe, Connell S. Miller, Gregory A. Kopp, David Sills

Civil and Environmental Engineering Publications

Abstract

In many regions of the world, tornadoes travel through forested areas with low population densities, making downed trees the only observable damage indicator. Current methods in the EF scale for analyzing tree damage may not reflect the true intensity of some tornadoes. However, new methods have been developed that use the number of trees downed or treefall directions from high-resolution aerial imagery to provide an estimate of maximum wind speed. Treefall Identification and Direction Analysis (TrIDA) maps are used to identify areas of treefall damage and treefall directions along the damage path. Currently, TrIDA maps are generated manually, but …


A Quick And Cost-Effective Method For Monitoring Deforestation Of Oil Sands Mining Activities Using Synthetic Aperture Radar And Multispectral Real-Time Satellite Data From Sentinel-1 And Sentinel-2., J Garcia del Real, M. Alcaraz 2024 Polytechnic University of Cartagena, Mining and Civil Engineering, Cartagena - Spain

A Quick And Cost-Effective Method For Monitoring Deforestation Of Oil Sands Mining Activities Using Synthetic Aperture Radar And Multispectral Real-Time Satellite Data From Sentinel-1 And Sentinel-2., J Garcia Del Real, M. Alcaraz

Journal of Sustainable Mining

Alberta’s oil sands mining operations rank among the largest human-made structures globally. Monitoring through the use of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Multispectral satellite imaging is an indispensable strategy in attaining sustainable development and mitigating deforestation in the third-largest verified oil reserves worldwide. This paper introduces a novel approach for cost-effective and reliable monitoring of deforestation caused by oil sands mining, avoiding cumbersome methods. It focuses on observing forest/non-forest areas affected by Suncor Energy Company’s mining assets in Alberta, using a combination of SAR and Multispectral satellite remote sensing. Radar images from Sentinel-1B and Multispectral images from Sentinel-2A were analyzed …


Correlation Enhanced Distribution Adaptation For Prediction Of Fall Risk, Ziqi Guo, Teresa Wu, Thurmon Lockhart, Rahul Soangra, Hyunsoo Yoon 2024 The State University of New York at Binghamton

Correlation Enhanced Distribution Adaptation For Prediction Of Fall Risk, Ziqi Guo, Teresa Wu, Thurmon Lockhart, Rahul Soangra, Hyunsoo Yoon

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

With technological advancements in diagnostic imaging, smart sensing, and wearables, a multitude of heterogeneous sources or modalities are available to proactively monitor the health of the elderly. Due to the increasing risks of falls among older adults, an early diagnosis tool is crucial to prevent future falls. However, during the early stage of diagnosis, there is often limited or no labeled data (expert-confirmed diagnostic information) available in the target domain (new cohort) to determine the proper treatment for older adults. Instead, there are multiple related but non-identical domain data with labels from the existing cohort or different institutions. Integrating different …


Retraction Of Numerical Modeling Of An L-Shaped Very Stiff Concrete Retaining Wall, MEJ Editorial Board 2024 Mansoura University

Retraction Of Numerical Modeling Of An L-Shaped Very Stiff Concrete Retaining Wall, Mej Editorial Board

Mansoura Engineering Journal

This is a Retraction note


Transfer Learning In The Era Of Foundational Models: Application To Diagnosis In Rheumatology, Prashant Shekhar 2024 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Transfer Learning In The Era Of Foundational Models: Application To Diagnosis In Rheumatology, Prashant Shekhar

Math Department Colloquium Series

Problems with current synovitis grading procedures

  • There has been a lack of reliability in grading these images in the medical community due to a lack of universally accepted diagnostic criteria [Momtazmanesh et al., 2022]
  • The human/machine variability creates an additional challenge in an efficient automated scoring system [Ranganath et al., 2022]
  • There is a lack of consistency between doctors in grading these images [Momtazmanesh et al., 2022]


History Of Clover Leaf Syndrome, Isabella Perez 2024 Nova Southeastern University

History Of Clover Leaf Syndrome, Isabella Perez

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

The purpose of this paper is to summarize the history of clover leaf syndrome and describe the newest advancements made to treat it. Clover leaf syndrome is more formally referred to as Kleeblattschadel syndrome. Information was gathered from several scholarly, peer-reviewed articles, and was condensed down into the key takeaways. This syndrome impacts the formation of the skull due to premature fusion of its sutures, creating a tri-lobar skull that resembles a clover leaf. This premature fusion is referred to as a type of craniosynostosis and has been linked to causing several other health complications ranging in severity. This is …


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