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Environmental, Health And Safety Intricacies Of Artisanal Mining In The Gold-Rich Landscapes Of Karamoja, North-Eastern Uganda, Eria Serwajja, Paul Isolo Mukwaya 2021 Makerere University

Environmental, Health And Safety Intricacies Of Artisanal Mining In The Gold-Rich Landscapes Of Karamoja, North-Eastern Uganda, Eria Serwajja, Paul Isolo Mukwaya

Journal of Sustainable Mining

Artisanal small-scale gold mining presents opportunities for Uganda’s rural poor. However, it also poses serious environmental, health and safety challenges. A suite of data collection methods including interviews, focus groups discussions, water and soils sampling were used to examine the perceptions of miners on the status, prevalence and extent of mercury use in artisanal gold mining, mercury transit routes and toxicity levels of soils and water in Karamoja sub-region. It also explores the health, safety and environmental implications of artisanal small-scale gold mining in the sub-region. The findings show that trade and access to mercury is widespread; although trade ...


Real Work With Real Consequences: Enlisting Community Energy Engineering As An Approach To Envisioning Engineering In Context, Michelle E. Jordan, Steve Zuiker, Wendy Wakefield, Mia DeLaRosa 2021 Arizona State University

Real Work With Real Consequences: Enlisting Community Energy Engineering As An Approach To Envisioning Engineering In Context, Michelle E. Jordan, Steve Zuiker, Wendy Wakefield, Mia Delarosa

Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER)

This study describes an illustrative case study from a year-round program that positions middle and high school youth to explore the social value of energy systems in their homes, schools, and neighborhoods. Designed to center existing youth assets, interests and values, Community Energy Engineering (CEE) frames engineering as a tool that students can enlist in order to understand and interrogate their local socio-energy system while also acting to transform it. CEE partners with Title 1 schools in Latino/a neighborhoods in the U.S. southwest. CEE situates youth community-based solar energy innovation projects as consequential, evolving in and with historically ...


Making Makers: Tracing Stem Identity In Rural Communities, Jessie Nixon, Andy Stoiber, Erica Halverson, Michael Dando 2021 PBS Wisconsin Education

Making Makers: Tracing Stem Identity In Rural Communities, Jessie Nixon, Andy Stoiber, Erica Halverson, Michael Dando

Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER)

In this article, we describe efforts to reduce barriers of entry to pre-college engineering in a rural community by training local teens to become maker-mentors and staff a mobile makerspace in their community. We bring a communities of practice frame to our inquiry, focusing on inbound and peripheral learning and identity trajectories as a mechanism for representing the maker-mentor experience. Through a longitudinal case study, we traced the individual trajectories of five maker-mentors over two years. We found a collection of interrelated factors present in those students who maintained inbound trajectories and those who remained on the periphery. Our research ...


Cross-Junction Based Metasurfaces: A Roadmap To Fano Resonances, Mirna Soliman 2021 American University in Cairo

Cross-Junction Based Metasurfaces: A Roadmap To Fano Resonances, Mirna Soliman

Theses and Dissertations

The first part of the thesis presents a summary of the classification of materials, followed by the development of metamaterials and their salient role. Then, a study of metamaterials and the evolution of these 3D structures to 2D, known as metasurfaces, have been discussed. Moreover, the physics and practical interest behind Fano resonance have been discussed. Furthermore, the physical fundamentals guiding the performance of both the metamaterials and metasurfaces, including the temporal coupled-mode theory and the generalized laws of reflection and refraction, have been intensely investigated, along with some of the outstanding properties of the metamaterials. Then, a comparison between ...


Evaluating Human Factors In The Commercial Pilot-Airplane Airman Certification Standards, Alaba Gabriel Idowu 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Evaluating Human Factors In The Commercial Pilot-Airplane Airman Certification Standards, Alaba Gabriel Idowu

Graduate Student Works

This research aimed to identify risk management elements in the Commercial Pilot-Airplane Airman Certification Standards (ACS), and to evaluate tasks relating to or involving human factors. The investigation examined the risk management elements under each task in the Commercial Pilot-Airplane ACS and classified them under the preconditions for unsafe acts of the Human Factors Analysis Classification System (HFACS). The method of investigation was a qualitative research approach to determine the human factors element prevalent in the Commercial Pilot-Airplane ACS. Three research questions were stated: (1) Which factor under the preconditions for unsafe of HFACS has the highest number of tasks ...


An Evaluation Of Electrically Conductive Asphalt Mixtures For Electrically Heated Flexible Pavement Systems, Rahaf Hasan 2021 Rowan University

An Evaluation Of Electrically Conductive Asphalt Mixtures For Electrically Heated Flexible Pavement Systems, Rahaf Hasan

Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study is to develop Electrically Conductive Asphalt (ECA) mixtures with optimized electrical and mechanical properties for use in electrically heated asphalt pavements for anti-icing applications. Laboratory experiments were carried out to design ECA mixtures at varying dosages, using three graphite grades of different particle sizes, one virgin aggregate type, two binder grades, and one carbon fiber. The impact of graphite dosage and particle size on the volumetric properties and electrical resistivity of asphalt mixtures was assessed. Different factors with potential impact on the electrical properties were investigated, including the graphite particle size and dosage, the air ...


On-Chip Nanoscale Plasmonic Optical Modulators, Abdalrahman Mohamed Nader Abdelhamid 2021 American University in Cairo

On-Chip Nanoscale Plasmonic Optical Modulators, Abdalrahman Mohamed Nader Abdelhamid

Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis work, techniques for downsizing Optical modulators to nanoscale for the purpose of utilization in on chip communication and sensing applications are explored. Nanoscale optical interconnects can solve the electronics speed limiting transmission lines, in addition to decrease the electronic chips heat dissipation. A major obstacle in the path of achieving this goal is to build optical modulators, which transforms data from the electrical form to the optical form, in a size comparable to the size of the electronics components, while also having low insertion loss, high extinction ratio and bandwidth. Also, lap-on-chip applications used for fast diagnostics ...


Stock Market Manipulation Detection Using Continuous Wavelet Transform & Machine Learning Classification, Sarah Youssef 2021 American University in Cairo

Stock Market Manipulation Detection Using Continuous Wavelet Transform & Machine Learning Classification, Sarah Youssef

Theses and Dissertations

Stock market manipulation detection is important for both investors and regulators. Being able to detect stock manipulation and preventing it gives investors the confidence in the market fairness and integrity. It also helps maintaining liquidity of the stocks and market efficiency. Implementing data mining algorithms in manipulation detection is a relatively recent technique but in the past few years there has been an increasing interest in it's applications in this domain. The benefit of monitoring manipulative trade behavior is that it can be implemented on live feed of stock data, which saves a lot of time in detecting stock ...


Assessment Of Carbon Dioxide Emission And Its Impact On High-Rise Mixed-Use Buildings In Egypt, Ahmed Salah Hamza 2021 The American University in Cairo AUC

Assessment Of Carbon Dioxide Emission And Its Impact On High-Rise Mixed-Use Buildings In Egypt, Ahmed Salah Hamza

Theses and Dissertations

With Egypt's vision of 2030 focusing on sustainable development with a true emphasis on Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emission reduction in the newly built cities and high-rise buildings, efforts are exerted on various levels towards accomplishing the vision’s goals. This is achieved through multiple tools and models associated with aiding the reduction of carbon emissions, yet not a clear one was introduced for the mixed-use buildings in Egypt.

Through this work, a significant gap was identified with respect to high-rise buildings carbon emission assessment in Egypt. This was a main driving force for this work in an attempt ...


In Situ Characterization Of Fiber-Matrix Interface Debonding Via Full-Field Measurements, Robert Livingston 2021 Rowan University

In Situ Characterization Of Fiber-Matrix Interface Debonding Via Full-Field Measurements, Robert Livingston

Theses and Dissertations

Macroscopic mechanical and failure properties of fiber-reinforced composites depend strongly on the properties of the fiber-matrix interface. For example, transverse cracking behavior and interlaminar shear strength of composites can be highly sensitive to the characteristics of the fiber-matrix interface. Despite its importance, experimental characterization of the mechanical behavior of the fiber-matrix interface under normal loading conditions has been limited. This work reports an experimental approach that uses in situ full-field digital image correlation (DIC) to quantify the mechanical and failure behaviors at the fiber-matrix interface. Single fiber model composite samples are fabricated from a proprietary epoxy embedding a single glass ...


The Matrix Revisited: A Critical Assessment Of Virtual Reality Technologies For Modeling, Simulation, And Training, George Demetrius Lecakes 2021 Rowan University

The Matrix Revisited: A Critical Assessment Of Virtual Reality Technologies For Modeling, Simulation, And Training, George Demetrius Lecakes

Theses and Dissertations

A convergence of affordable hardware, current events, and decades of research have advanced virtual reality (VR) from the research lab into the commercial marketplace. Since its inception in the 1960s, and over the next three decades, the technology was portrayed as a rarely used, high-end novelty for special applications. Despite the high cost, applications have expanded into defense, education, manufacturing, and medicine. The promise of VR for entertainment arose in the early 1990's and by 2016 several consumer VR platforms were released. With VR now accessible in the home and the isolationist lifestyle adopted due to the COVID-19 global ...


Personalized Digital Phenotype Score, Healthcare Management And Intervention Strategies Using Knowledge Enabled Digital Health Framework For Pediatric Asthma, Utkarshani Jaimini, Amit Sheth 2021 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Personalized Digital Phenotype Score, Healthcare Management And Intervention Strategies Using Knowledge Enabled Digital Health Framework For Pediatric Asthma, Utkarshani Jaimini, Amit Sheth

Publications

Asthma is a personalized, and multi-trigger respiratory condition which requires continuous monitoring and management of symptoms and medication adherence. We developed kHealth: Knowledge-enabled Digital Healthcare Framework to monitor and manage the asthma symptoms, medication adherence, lung function, daily activity, sleep quality, indoor, and outdoor environmental triggers of pediatric asthma patients. The kHealth framework collects up to 1852 data points per patient per day. It is practically impossible for the clinicians, parents, and the patient to analyze this vast amount of multimodal data collected from the kHealth framework. In this chapter, we describe the personalized scores, clinically relevant asthma categorization using ...


Seamless Container Migration Between Cloud And Edge, Aditya Mohan, Jonathan Yezalaleul, Angeline Chen, Tamir Enkhjargal 2021 Santa Clara University

Seamless Container Migration Between Cloud And Edge, Aditya Mohan, Jonathan Yezalaleul, Angeline Chen, Tamir Enkhjargal

Computer Science and Engineering Senior Theses

Considering the limited resources of edge devices, it is essential to monitor their current resource utilization and device resource allocation strategies that assign containers to edge and cloud nodes based on their priority. Edge containers may need to be migrated to a cloud platform to reduce the load of edge devices and allow for running missions critical applications. In this case, we proposed a prioritization method to exchange containers between the edge and cloud, while trying to assign delay-sensitive containers to edge nodes. We evaluate the performance of running Docker container management systems on resource-constrained machines such as Raspberry Pi ...


Graphene As A Shielding Material For Sar Reduction In Human Head Using Rectangular And Circular Patch Antenna, Alka Singla Er., Anupma Marwaha Dr., Sanjay Marwaha Dr. 2021 SLIET Longowal

Graphene As A Shielding Material For Sar Reduction In Human Head Using Rectangular And Circular Patch Antenna, Alka Singla Er., Anupma Marwaha Dr., Sanjay Marwaha Dr.

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Nanomaterials pave the way for better performance in wireless applications due to their unique properties. Nowadays, these have been used as shield material in dipole antennas for a solution of reduction in SAR value. This work proposes the use of emerging graphene nanomaterial by comparing the performance for two different shapes of patch antenna namely rectangular and circular patch. With the growth in technology, the protection of human health is also mandatory so the work is planned to use graphene as a shielding material for SAR reduction in the human brain and it is proved that for rectangular and circular ...


Mathematical Model For Measuring The Concentration Of Nanoparticles In A Liquid During Sedimentation, Safaa Mohammed Ridha Hussien Hussien, Airat Sakhabutdinov, Vladimir Anfinogentov, Maxim Danilaev, Vladimir Kuklin, Oleg Morozov 2021 University of Karbala, Karbala, Iraq

Mathematical Model For Measuring The Concentration Of Nanoparticles In A Liquid During Sedimentation, Safaa Mohammed Ridha Hussien Hussien, Airat Sakhabutdinov, Vladimir Anfinogentov, Maxim Danilaev, Vladimir Kuklin, Oleg Morozov

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Expanding the application areas of polymer composite materials with dispersed filler requires the development of technologies providing the required mechanical characteristics. One of these methods is based on forming a thin polymer shell on the surfaces of particles. At the same time, it is impossible to take into account the mechanical characteristics of a thin polymer shell due to its ultra-small thickness. The mechanical properties of the polymer shell can be determined only by indirect methods, and prior information can improve the adequacy of the properties determination. The method, which allows reducing the requirements for composite sample preparation, is proposed ...


An Implementation Of A Multi-Hop Underwater Wireless Sensor Network Using Bowtie Antenna, Samuel Ryecroft Mr, Andy Shaw Prof, Paul Fergus, Patryk Kot, Khalid Hashim, Alex Teng, Adam Moody, Laura Conway 2021 Liverpool John Moores University

An Implementation Of A Multi-Hop Underwater Wireless Sensor Network Using Bowtie Antenna, Samuel Ryecroft Mr, Andy Shaw Prof, Paul Fergus, Patryk Kot, Khalid Hashim, Alex Teng, Adam Moody, Laura Conway

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Water quality is a growing area of research, with more and more focus in the UK and globally on environmental issues and water quality. Current methods of monitoring environmental data such as air quality have continued to develop, spurred on by the growth of the Internet of Things. However, water quality monitoring mainly still depends on manual sample collection. This research presents the first implementation of a multi-hop underwater radio frequency sensor network using bowtie antennas combined with the 433 MHz frequency and a controlled flooding routing approach. The experimental work was conducted in the water reservoir and demonstrates the ...


Drone-Based Wireless Communications For Disaster Recovery, Mark Rizko, Cameron Burdsall 2021 Santa Clara University

Drone-Based Wireless Communications For Disaster Recovery, Mark Rizko, Cameron Burdsall

Computer Science and Engineering Senior Theses

This project aims to establish a drone system that can deploy a wireless mesh network over a disaster area, which would aid in the process of finding survivors by using wireless communications to identify where victims are and allow authorities to send out alerts to people in the area. We also seek to add a device detection feature that would allow the drones to passively look for devices through WiFi and Bluetooth Low Energy, giving disaster responders the ability to actively identify specific devices, locate zones where victims lie, and discern a rough population estimate of that area. Those that ...


Enhanced Sensing Methods For Uav-Based Disaster Recovery, Connor Azzarello, Chris Gerbino, Ruchir Mehta 2021 Santa Clara University

Enhanced Sensing Methods For Uav-Based Disaster Recovery, Connor Azzarello, Chris Gerbino, Ruchir Mehta

Computer Science and Engineering Senior Theses

Natural and human-caused disasters devastate and displace civilian populations. Over the past century, the rate at which these catastrophes occur has increased dramatically. Climate change and unsustainable human behaviors are large contributors to the occurrence of natural disasters, therefore it is likely this upward trend will continue. The region of the world where a disaster takes place often determines how severe the implications are for the affected civilians. The devastation that occurs from a disaster is much greater in low-resourced regions of the world.

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are commonly used to assist first responders during disaster response. The existing ...


College Of Engineering News, Georgia Southern University 2021 Georgia Southern University

College Of Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Engineering & Computing, Allen E. Paulson College of - News

  • Cesar Carapia won Averitt Award for Excellence in Graduate Research


The Impact Of Vision Zero Initiatives On Road User Safety In New York City, Alex C. Phares, Md Amdad Hossen, Kakan Dey 2021 West Virginia University

The Impact Of Vision Zero Initiatives On Road User Safety In New York City, Alex C. Phares, Md Amdad Hossen, Kakan Dey

Mountaineer Undergraduate Research Review

Despite modern vehicles, improved transportation infrastructure, and advanced traffic signals, more than 36,000 Americans die from traffic crashes every year1. With the goal of reducing traffic fatalities to zero, New York City (NYC) adopted Vision Zero (VZ) initiatives in 2014 and has deployed 23 categories of countermeasures, ranging from road improvements to training and community outreach programs2. In this research, trend analysis and hypothesis tests were done on NYC traffic fatality data for three main categories of roadway users: motorists, cyclists, and pedestrians, to evaluate the success of the VZ initiatives. It was found that annual fatalities of both ...


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