Live Imaging Of Micro And Macro Wettability Variations Of Carbonate Oil Reservoirs For Enhanced Oil Recovery And Co/ Trapping/Storage, Anastasia Ivanova, A. Orekhov, S. Markovic, Stefan Iglauer, P. Grishin, A. Cheremisin
Research outputs 2022 to 2026
Carbonate hydrocarbon reservoirs are considered as potential candidates for chemically enhanced oil recovery and for CO² geological storage. However, investigation of one main controlling parameter—wettability—is usually performed by conventional integral methods at the core-scale. Moreover, literature reports show that wettability distribution may vary at the micro-scale due to the chemical heterogeneity of the reservoir and residing fluids. These differences may profoundly affect the derivation of other reservoir parameters such as relative permeability and capillary pressure, thus rendering subsequent simulations inaccurate. Here we developed an innovative approach by comparing the wettability distribution on carbonates at micro and macro-scale by ...
Effect Of Organic Acids On Co2-Rock And Water-Rock Interfacial Tension: Implications For Co2 Geo-Storage, 2022 Edith Cowan University
Effect Of Organic Acids On Co2-Rock And Water-Rock Interfacial Tension: Implications For Co2 Geo-Storage, Ahmed Al-Yaseri, Nurudeen Yekeen, Muhammad Ali, Nilanjan Pal, Amit Verma, Hesham Abdulelah, Hussein Hoteit, Mohammad Sarmadivaleh
Research outputs 2022 to 2026
A small concentration of organic acid in carbon dioxide (CO2) storage formations and caprocks could significantly alter the wettability of such formations into less water-wet conditions, decreasing the CO2-storage potential and containment security. Recent studies have attempted to infer the influence of the organic acid concentration on the wettability of rock–CO2–brine systems by measuring advancing and receding contact angles. However, no studies have investigated the influence of organic acid contamination on CO2-storage capacities from rock-fluid interfacial tension (IFT) data because solid-brine and solid-CO2 IFT values cannot be experimentally measured. Equilibrium contact angles and rock-fluid IFT datasets were used ...
Noncontact Liquid Crystalline Broadband Optoacoustic Sensors [U.S. Patent Us11366054b2], 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology
Noncontact Liquid Crystalline Broadband Optoacoustic Sensors [U.S. Patent Us11366054b2], Hengky Chandrahalim, Michael T. Dela Cruz
An optoacoustic sensor includes a liquid crystal (LC) cell formed between top and bottom plates of transparent material. A transverse grating formed across the LC cell that forms an optical transmission bandgap. A CL is aligned to form a spring-like, tunable Bragg grating that is naturally responsive to external agitations providing a spectral transition regime, or edge, in the optical transmission bandgap of the transverse grating that respond to broadband acoustic waves. The optoacoustic sensor includes a narrowband light source that is oriented to transmit light through the top plate, the LC cell, and the bottom plate. The optoacoustic sensor ...
Exploring The Metabolic Landscape Of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cells Using Genome-Scale Metabolic Modeling, 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Exploring The Metabolic Landscape Of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cells Using Genome-Scale Metabolic Modeling, Mohammad Mazharul Islam, Andrea Goertzen, Pankaj K. Singh, Rajib Saha
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering -- All Faculty Papers
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a major research focus because of its poor therapy response and dismal prognosis. PDAC cells adapt their metabolism to the surrounding environment, often relying on diverse nutrient sources. Because traditional experimental techniques appear exhaustive to find a viable therapeutic strategy, a highly curated and omics-informed PDAC genome-scale metabolic model was reconstructed using patient-specific transcriptomics data. From the model-predictions, several new metabolic functions were explored as potential therapeutic targets in addition to the known metabolic hallmarks of PDAC. Significant downregulation in the peroxisomal beta oxidation pathway, flux modulation in the carnitine shuttle system, and upregulation in ...
Virucidal N95 Respirator Face Masks Via Ultrathin Surface-Grafted Quaternary Ammonium Polymer Coatings, 2022 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Virucidal N95 Respirator Face Masks Via Ultrathin Surface-Grafted Quaternary Ammonium Polymer Coatings, Mirco Sorci, Tanner D. Fink, Vaishali Sharma, Sneha Singh, Ruiwen Chen, Brigitte L. Arduini, Katharine Dovidenko, Caryn L. Heldt, Edmund F. Palermo, R Helen Zha
Michigan Tech Publications
N95 respirator face masks serve as effective physical barriers against airborne virus transmission, especially in a hospital setting. However, conventional filtration materials, such as nonwoven polypropylene fibers, have no inherent virucidal activity, and thus, the risk of surface contamination increases with wear time. The ability of face masks to protect against infection can be likely improved by incorporating components that deactivate viruses on contact. We present a facile method for covalently attaching antiviral quaternary ammonium polymers to the fiber surfaces of nonwoven polypropylene fabrics that are commonly used as filtration materials in N95 respirators via ultraviolet (UV)-initiated grafting of ...
Photocatalytic Degradation Of Organic Contaminants By Titania Particles Produced By Flame Spray Pyrolysis, 2022 Mississippi State University
Photocatalytic Degradation Of Organic Contaminants By Titania Particles Produced By Flame Spray Pyrolysis, Noah Babik
Theses and Dissertations
Advanced oxidation of organic pollutants with TiO2 photocatalysts is limited due to the wide bandgap of TiO2, 3.2 eV, which requires ultraviolet (UV) radiation. When nanosized TiO2 is modified by carbon doping, charge recombination is inhibited and the bandgap is narrowed, allowing for efficient photodegradation under visible light. Here, we propose a flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) technique to create TiO2. The facile process of FSP has been successful in preparing highly crystalline TiO2 nanoparticles. Using the same procedure to deposit TiO2 onto biochar, the photocatalyst was doped by the carbonaceous material. The morphology, crystalline and electronic structure of the ...
Molecular-Level Control Over Ionic Conduction And Ionic Current Direction By Designing Macrocycle-Based Ionomers, 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Molecular-Level Control Over Ionic Conduction And Ionic Current Direction By Designing Macrocycle-Based Ionomers, Shyambo Chatterjee, Ehsan Zamani, Seefat Farzin, Iman Evazzade, Oghenetega Allen Obewhere, Tyler James Johnson, Vitaly Alexandrov, Shudipto Konika Dishari
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering -- All Faculty Papers
Poor ionic conductivity of the catalyst-binding, submicrometer- thick ionomer layers in energy conversion and storage devices is a huge challenge. However, ionomers are rarely designed keeping in mind the specific issues associated with nanoconfinement. Here, we designed nature-inspired ionomers (calix-2) having hollow, macrocyclic, calixarene-based repeat units with precise, sub-nanometer diameter. In ≤100 nm-thick films, the in-plane proton conductivity of calix-2 was up to 8 times higher than the current benchmark ionomer Nafion at 85% relative humidity (RH), while it was 1−2 orders of magnitude higher than Nafion at 20−25% RH. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and other ...
Monolithically Integrated Microscale Pressure Sensor On An Optical Fiber Tip [U.S. Patent Us11326970b2], 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology
Monolithically Integrated Microscale Pressure Sensor On An Optical Fiber Tip [U.S. Patent Us11326970b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim
A passive microscopic Fabry-Pérot Interferometer (FPI) pressure sensor includes an optical fiber and a three-dimensional microscopic optical enclosure. The three-dimensional microscopic optical enclosure includes tubular side walls having lateral pleated corrugations and attached to a cleaved tip of the optical fiber to receive a light signal. An optically reflecting end wall is distally engaged to the tubular side walls to enclose a trapped quantity of gas that longitudinally positions the optically reflecting end wall in relation to ambient air pressure, changing a distance traveled by a light signal reflected back through the optical fiber.
Optimization Of Styrene From Ethylbenzene Case Study, 2022 University of Mississippi
Optimization Of Styrene From Ethylbenzene Case Study, Jabria Daria Thompson
The following pages detail the optimization process of styrene from ethylbenzene in the Styrene Production Plant, Unit 500. There were two parts of the assignment, each with slightly different end goals. The goal of the first part of the assignment, was to create a process that would effectively and efficiently increase the negative Net Present Value (NPV) of the production plant. Procedures taken in this process included developing a working kinetic process simulation model and optimizing this model through unit operations and heat integration, as well as developing an accurate economic model that will be used to evaluate the proposed ...
Nuclear Energy As A Reliable And Safe Source Of Power Generation, 2022 University of Mississippi
Nuclear Energy As A Reliable And Safe Source Of Power Generation, Sarup Dhungana
There is a high demand of energy for generating civil applicable power in the world and in the USA, correspondingly. The world has been consuming various sources to extract the power to meet its demands. Most of the power sources include renewable and non-renewable sources like fossil fuels, natural gas, coal, water, solar, wind, and nuclear power. Although most of these sources have many advantages in terms of their capacity and cost of production, nuclear power can be categorized as the emerging driving force in the United States and in the world for power generation, because of its reliability and ...
The Design And Economic Optimization Of A Warehouse Refrigeration System, 2022 University of Mississippi
The Design And Economic Optimization Of A Warehouse Refrigeration System, Hannah Talbot
The purpose of this project was to design a cool warehouse refrigeration system for Acme Frozen Foods, Inc located in Newark, New Jersey. The refrigeration system was used to cool eighteen 300,000 ft3 refrigerated units (200 ft x 100 ft x 15 ft), each requiring 200 cooling tons of refrigeration at a level of 0 F. The scope of this project included determining the appropriate refrigeration cycle, selecting the most desirable refrigerant, and temperature ranges to optimize the performance of the system. This project also considered the economic cost of the power needed to run the refrigerated units ...
Optimization Of An Ethylbenzene To Styrene Production Facility, 2022 University of Mississippi
Optimization Of An Ethylbenzene To Styrene Production Facility, John Michels
The purpose of this case study is to optimize the design and production of an ethylbenzene-to-styrene manufacturing facility, Unit 500. Compared to the original base-case design, the optimizations presented in this document will save approximately $337 million dollars without compromising the production requirements or quality. Optimization of this process used net present value as an objective function, with changes centered around the reactors, but also the separation equipment and exchangers prior to separation, as those devices most directly controlled process stream contents and conditions. The second set of reactors was removed in favor of using one optimized set of reactors ...
Optimization And Analysis Of A Styrene Production Process, 2022 University of Mississippi
Optimization And Analysis Of A Styrene Production Process, Alexis Kimpel
The production of styrene from ethylbenzene in Unit 500 is designed to start up in 2024 and operate for 12 years after startup. The engineering team was tasked with designing the process, creating an economic model, and optimizing the net present value (NPV). The process was simulated in AVEVA PRO/II Simulation for the design process and to estimate the size of equipment. Parametric and topological optimization was performed subsequently on the unit operations in the process. The NPV was improved by $423M from a base case of -$919M to an optimized case of -$496M. The project is recommended to ...
Improving Degree Of Delignification And Selectivity Of Oxygen Delignification Of Southern Pine Kraft Pulp, Azadeh Pahlevanzadeh
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Oxygen delignification is a pre-bleaching stage that provides environmental benefits for bleached pulp production by replacing about 50% of the chlorine-based bleaching chemicals with oxygen. The resulting reduction in chlorine-based chemicals leads to a significantly lower release of chlorinated organics in the pulp bleaching effluent. However, the main disadvantage of applying oxygen delignification is the low delignification/cellulose degradation selectivity compared to chlorine dioxide bleaching. Modern conventional oxygen delignification is limited at level 60% delignification to maintain an acceptable cellulose Degree of Polymerization (DP) and thus fiber strength as indicated by the pulp intrinsic viscosity. The increase in the degree ...
Optimization Of A Styrene Prodcution And Separation Process, 2022 University of Mississippi
Optimization Of A Styrene Prodcution And Separation Process, Bryce Little
A step wise optimization of Unit 500 was completed. Unit 500 is a planned ethylbenzene to styrene production plant that has a annual production goal of 100,000 metric tons of styrene. The cost of styrene on the market is $1,598. The base case of Unit 500 produced styrene at a cost of $2,650. Optimization was completed with an emphasis on parametric changes though material of construction and heat integration were also considered. The optimized Unit 500 design reduced the cost of styrene production to $2,035 per metric ton. While this represents a significant improvement on the ...
Optimization Of A Fluidized Bed Reactor For The Production Of Styrene From Ethylbenzene, 2022 University of Mississippi
Optimization Of A Fluidized Bed Reactor For The Production Of Styrene From Ethylbenzene, Gregory Espenan
In order to optimize Unit 500, a styrene production plant, the Net Present Value (NPV) was used as the objective function to ensure every optimization strategy had a positive economic effect. To optimize a chemical plant, it is important to note efficiency, economics, product specifications, and production requirements. The goal of this project was to make changes to the base case of Unit 500 to minimize the cost to produce styrene for an upstream unit. PRO/II was used to simulate various points in different unit operations throughout the process. The NPV was measured after each unit operation was simulated ...
Hinged Temperature-Immune Self-Referencing Fabry–Pérot Cavity Sensors [Us Patent Us11320596b2], 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology
Hinged Temperature-Immune Self-Referencing Fabry–Pérot Cavity Sensors [Us Patent Us11320596b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim
A passive microscopic Fabry-Pérot Interferometer (FPI) sensor includes a three-dimensional microscopic optical structure formed on a cleaved tip of the optical fighter using a two-photon polymerization process on a photosensitive polymer by a three-dimensional micromachining device. The three-dimensional microscopic optical structure having a hinged optical layer pivotally connected to a distal portion of a suspended structure. A reflective layer is deposited on a mirror surface of the hinged optical layer while in an open position. The hinged optical layer is subsequently positioned in the closed position to align the mirror surface to at least partially reflect a light signal back ...
Free Convection Heat Transfer From Plates, 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Free Convection Heat Transfer From Plates, Alexa Moreno
Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses
The purpose of this honors thesis is to create an experiment for the CHEG Lab I course. This report explains the motivation for creating this heat convection experiment, the results of performing the experiment, and provides recommendations for future work on this experiment. Multiple experiments were performed to assess materials and parameters to be investigated. It was determined that a 0.5” plate has smaller percent error and accommodates for the desired timeframe for a Lab I experiment compared to the first plate used (1.5” thickness). Recommendations for expanding on this project include adding experiments using vertical geometry for ...
Analyzing The Surface Chemistry Of Ni-Fe Hydroxide Alloy Nanoparticles As Catalysts For The Oxygen Evolution Reaction By X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Analysis, 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Analyzing The Surface Chemistry Of Ni-Fe Hydroxide Alloy Nanoparticles As Catalysts For The Oxygen Evolution Reaction By X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Analysis, Lauren B. Shepard
Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses
Water electrolysis has been proposed as a renewable source of hydrogen, a possible replacement to harmful fossil fuels. This process can be broken down into two half reactions, the hydrogen evolution reaction and the oxygen evolution reaction. Because the oxygen evolution reaction has slow kinetics and a high overpotential to overcome, a catalyst is needed to speed up the kinetics and ensure faster and more efficient production of molecular hydrogen. The use of Ni-Fe hydroxide alloy nanoparticles as a catalyst has been shown to significantly improve the efficiency of the reaction by decreasing the overpotential, making the process more energy ...
Diffusion Of A Salt In An Aqueous Media, 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Diffusion Of A Salt In An Aqueous Media, Aldaly Pineda Hernandez
Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses
Diffusion is defined as the net transfer of a molecule from a high concentration region to a low concentration region. The concept of diffusion is used in a very important process called "desalination." Desalination is a separation process used to reduce the salt content dissolved in brackish water to make it suitable for human consumption, irrigation, and industrial use.
In desalination plants, it is important to monitor the constantly changing salt content of water, partly due to the diffusive effect. The main purpose of this experiment was to study the diffusion of NaCl in water at two NaCl concentrations. The ...