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Jet-Driven Mixing Regimes Identified In The Unsteady Isothermal Filling Of Rectangular Municipal Water Storage Tanks, Pramod Narayan Bangalore, K. (Kelly) O. Homan 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Jet-Driven Mixing Regimes Identified In The Unsteady Isothermal Filling Of Rectangular Municipal Water Storage Tanks, Pramod Narayan Bangalore, K. (Kelly) O. Homan

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Poor mixing of old and new water in municipal water storage vessels is a well-documented basis for potentially harmful water quality degradation in drinking water distribution systems. This numerical study investigates the effects of inflow and operational variables on mixing in the jet-driven filling process, with a particular focus on the transition from inadequate to sufficient mixing levels. An isothermal unsteady reynolds-averaged-navier-stokes volume-of-fluid (RANS-VOF) simulation is used to model the variable-volume filling process, accounting for the moving free surface following a draw-down in the stored water volume. A low diffusivity tracer is used to mark the old-water volume, and a …


Extraterrestrial Life: The Possibility Of A Human-Alien Interaction, Ariana M. Piscoya 2024 Gettysburg College

Extraterrestrial Life: The Possibility Of A Human-Alien Interaction, Ariana M. Piscoya

CAFE Symposium 2024

We all have heard of at least one case where someone assured having seen a flying extraterrestrial object. There are thousands of thousands of videos we can find online that “prove” the existence of aliens. In the hypothetical case where aliens are really out there, why haven't we been able to talk to them and look at them face-to-face? A human-extraterrestrial interaction has not yet been achieved for two reasons. First, alien energy is much more powerful than that of humans, so it would require thousands of thousands of years for the human race to develop a technology able to …


Systemization & Survival -- “Houston, We Have A Problem” – Business Lessons From Apollo 13, Judith Jacob Iddy, Njeru Zakayo 2024 1. University of Dar es Salaam Business School 2. University of Agder

Systemization & Survival -- “Houston, We Have A Problem” – Business Lessons From Apollo 13, Judith Jacob Iddy, Njeru Zakayo

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

In the business world, there are different factors that determine whether a business will survive or not. Apollo 13 film perfectly demonstrates what every business undergoes throughout its lifecycle. Apollo 13 spacecraft started its journey to the moon successfully with the mission being to land on the moon. Unfortunately, within a very short period of time, Apollo 13 started to experience a series of problems that required quick actions and decisions to be made with the involvement of different sets of technical skills. Ultimately, by using the prototype and systems which NASA had established for Apollo 13, the teams managed …


Control And Estimation Of Unmanned Aerospace Vehicles In The Presence Of Constraints And Dynamic Uncertainties, Abhijit Dongare 2024 Syracuse University

Control And Estimation Of Unmanned Aerospace Vehicles In The Presence Of Constraints And Dynamic Uncertainties, Abhijit Dongare

Dissertations - ALL

In the first part of this dissertation, we consider the control of autonomous systems in the presence of pointwise-in-time state and control constraints. Firstly, we propose the attitude and pointing control of a rigid body in the presence of constraints. Artificial potentials are used to achieve desired tracking and avoid pointing direction constraints. The proposed control law ensures the asymptotic convergence to the desired attitude and pointing direction. Additionally, the control of driftless control-affine systems is also considered. The feedback system converges in a stable manner to the desired safe set in the state space, while avoiding the unsafe exclusion …


Cubesat Reaction Wheel Attitude Control Platform System Architecture, Justin Hartland 2024 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Cubesat Reaction Wheel Attitude Control Platform System Architecture, Justin Hartland

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

In the classroom, physics behind spacecraft attitude dynamics and controls is abstract and difficult to comprehend. It is common that students struggle to develop the connection between the math they learn and how it can be applied in the real world. The goal of this project is to design and manufacture a 1U, 3U, and 6U CubeSat testbed for autonomous control systems utilizing reaction wheels. The testbed will include three separate reaction wheels each mounted on its own respective axis to control the attitude in 3 degrees of freedom. The end goal of the CubeSat Control Platform is to be …


Research On An Improved Cotton Cleaner Unit, Muzaffar Djurayev, Sherqul Hakimov, ilhom Abbazov, Rashid Kaldybaev 2024 Termiz State University

Research On An Improved Cotton Cleaner Unit, Muzaffar Djurayev, Sherqul Hakimov, Ilhom Abbazov, Rashid Kaldybaev

Technical science and innovation

This article analyzes the results of changes to the working parts of a cotton cleaning unit from small and large impurities. It is known that the UXK installation uses continuous cleaning technology, that is, the cotton entering the purifier is cleaned in all its cleaning sections and then transferred to another process. In these sections, pieces of cotton wool from the separated waste are regenerated in a separate drum. Existing purifier suppliers use a manually operated mechanical system to monitor its performance. These factors do not make it possible to control the cleaning process when the quality indicators of cotton …


Evaluation Of First-Order Actuator Dynamics And Linear Controller For A Bio-Inspired Rotating Empennage Fighter Aircraft, Benjamin C. Moulton, Matthew W. Harris, Douglas F. Hunsaker, James J. Joo 2024 Utah State University

Evaluation Of First-Order Actuator Dynamics And Linear Controller For A Bio-Inspired Rotating Empennage Fighter Aircraft, Benjamin C. Moulton, Matthew W. Harris, Douglas F. Hunsaker, James J. Joo

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Student Publications and Presentations

This paper considers the problem of stabilizing a bio-inspired fighter aircraft variant at its Air Combat Maneuver Condition. The aircraft equations of motion are linearized, and an infinite-horizon linear quadratic regulator design is conducted for this aircraft. Included in the dynamics are first-order actuator models, which have the effect of slowing actuator responses. This is particularly important for the bio-inspired variant because it requires rotation of the empennage, which has relatively large inertia. The bio-inspired variant open-loop system is unstable in the short period and Dutch roll modes, which is mitigated in the closed-loop system. Monte Carlo simulation responses to …


Stick-Fixed Maneuver Points In Roll, Pitch, And Yaw And Associated Handling Qualities, Benjamin C. Moulton, Troy A. Abraham, Douglas F. Hunsaker 2024 Utah State University

Stick-Fixed Maneuver Points In Roll, Pitch, And Yaw And Associated Handling Qualities, Benjamin C. Moulton, Troy A. Abraham, Douglas F. Hunsaker

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Student Publications and Presentations

The stick-fixed pitch maneuver point is an important measure of aircraft longitudinal dynamic response and handling quality characteristics, and includes effects of both aerodynamic and inertia properties of the aircraft about the pitch axis. In the present work, the existence of stick-fixed roll and yaw maneuver points is demonstrated, which are determined from the lateral forces, moments, and inertial properties of the aircraft. These stick-fixed roll and yaw maneuver points are directly related to the predicted lateral handling qualities. Example results are included for several aircraft that demonstrate the importance of this parameter when predicting the dynamic response of the …


Mathematical Modeling Of Fruit Drying And System Analysis Of The Process (On The Example Of Persimmon), Gani Dadayev, Jasur Safarov, Shakhnoza Sultanova, Qobiljon Muxiddinov 2024 Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Mathematical Modeling Of Fruit Drying And System Analysis Of The Process (On The Example Of Persimmon), Gani Dadayev, Jasur Safarov, Shakhnoza Sultanova, Qobiljon Muxiddinov

Technical science and innovation

Vegetable raw materials, as an object of drying, are characterized by a large amount of water and a low content of dry substances. Vegetable raw materials have a capillary-porous structure. Food products contain both bound and free moisture at the same time. The removal of moisture from the material during drying depends on the total moisture content and the form of connection of moisture with the material. Adsorption and osmotic - bound moisture is retained at the interface of colloidal particles with the environment. Food products contain both bound and free moisture at the same time. The quantitative ratio between …


Improvement Of Convective Drying Equipment, A Ponasenko, Jasur Safarov, Shaxnoza Sultanova 2024 Belarusian National Technical University, Minsk city, Republic of Belarus;

Improvement Of Convective Drying Equipment, A Ponasenko, Jasur Safarov, Shaxnoza Sultanova

Technical science and innovation

Drying of agricultural raw materials is an energy-consuming but integral process. Therefore, increasing the efficiency of drying and improving the quality indicators of dried material at minimum material and energy costs is relevant for producers of agricultural products. By present time numerous researches on improvement of constructions and processes of work of dryers providing satisfactory parameters of energy saving have been carried out. In some scientific materials it is shown that the use of generative gas and straw as fuel allows to reduce energy costs for the drying process in the fluidised bed dryer by 10-30%, the quality of seeds …


Capacitive Electrode Based Moisture Measurement Converter Errors And How To Eliminate Them, Hamdam Jabborov, Temurbek Rashidov 2024 Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Capacitive Electrode Based Moisture Measurement Converter Errors And How To Eliminate Them, Hamdam Jabborov, Temurbek Rashidov

Technical science and innovation

The article discusses the errors associated with the moisture measuring transducer that is based on the cylindrical electrode, along with their sources and calculation formulas for error elimination. The initial capacitance of the capacitive electrode humidity converter is dependent on its geometric parameters, such as the radii of the electrodes and their length. Accurate calculation of these geometric parameters enables the reduction of regular measurement errors in the input and switching circuit of the moisture converter to a minimum value, resulting in a significant increase in the informativeness and accuracy of the output signal. Consequently, some sources of measurement errors …


Existing Methods For Monitoring Power Autotransformers, Nurali Berdiyorovich Pyrmatov, Dilafruz Rustamjon qizi Abdullabekova 2024 Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Existing Methods For Monitoring Power Autotransformers, Nurali Berdiyorovich Pyrmatov, Dilafruz Rustamjon Qizi Abdullabekova

Technical science and innovation

autotransformers, methods, diagnostics, efficiency, monitoring.Particular attention is given to analyzing the gas composition of transformer oil, which is a sensitive indicator of various defects such as thermal breakdown and heating. In addition, methods based on the measurement of external magnetic field strength are discussed. This technique provides a unique opportunity to detect magnetic anomalies associated with possible defects in the structural components of the transformer. The article emphasizes that successful monitoring requires an integrated approach, combining different techniques. The authors analyze the advantages and limitations of each method and offer practical recommendations for integrating these methods into maintenance systems. In …


Influence Of Foil Stamping Parameters On Image Quality, Khalima Abishevna Babakhanova, Mukhlisa Ergashevna Khasanova, Aziz Azimjonovich Soadatov, Nigora Junaydullaevna Sadriddinova 2024 Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences,Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan;

Influence Of Foil Stamping Parameters On Image Quality, Khalima Abishevna Babakhanova, Mukhlisa Ergashevna Khasanova, Aziz Azimjonovich Soadatov, Nigora Junaydullaevna Sadriddinova

Technical science and innovation

The paper evaluates the influence of technological process parameters, namely die temperature and pressure force, on the quality of foil stamping, which is one of the types of finishing having a wide range of applications due to giving unique decorative and protective elements to printed products. When evaluating the influence of process parameters on the linearity and coverability of the image, it was found that the pressure force has less influence on the result than the temperature. According to the data of the study, it can be concluded that the maximum percentage of completeness of covering is achieved at a …


Immersive Framework For Designing Trajectories Using Augmented Reality, Joseph Anderson, Leo Materne, Karis Cooks, Michelle Aros, Jaia Huggins, Jesika Geliga-Torres, Kamden Kuykendall, David Canales, Barbara Chaparro 2024 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Immersive Framework For Designing Trajectories Using Augmented Reality, Joseph Anderson, Leo Materne, Karis Cooks, Michelle Aros, Jaia Huggins, Jesika Geliga-Torres, Kamden Kuykendall, David Canales, Barbara Chaparro

Publications

The intuitive interaction capabilities of augmented reality make it ideal for solving complex 3D problems that require complex spatial representations, which is key for astrodynamics and space mission planning. By implementing common and complex orbital mechanics algorithms in augmented reality, a hands-on method for designing orbit solutions and spacecraft missions is created. This effort explores the aforementioned implementation with the Microsoft Hololens 2 as well as its applications in industry and academia. Furthermore, a human-centered design process and study are utilized to ensure the tool is user-friendly while maintaining accuracy and applicability to higher-fidelity problems.


Experimental Analysis Of The Integrated High-Lift Propulsor, Robert W. Deters, Byron Ward, Shreyas Narsipur 2024 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Experimental Analysis Of The Integrated High-Lift Propulsor, Robert W. Deters, Byron Ward, Shreyas Narsipur

Publications

Wind tunnel testing was conducted to evaluate the performance of the Integrated High Lift Propulsor (IHLP), a novel Distributed Electric Propulsion (DEP) system. The IHLP integrates traditional Krueger flap/slat elements with a Distributed Electric Propulsion design, enhancing high lift performance and cruise efficiency compared to conventional pylon-mounted DEP configurations. Starting from a baseline configuration determined from pretest Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analyses, a parametric study was performed to determine the influence on the aerodynamic characteristics (𝐶𝑙 , 𝐶𝑥, and 𝐶𝑚). The study involved variations in flap settings, slat angles, overlap, propeller tilt, and propeller position. The impact of Reynolds number, …


On Progress In Exploring Controlled Viscous Limit-Cycle Oscillations In Modified Glauert Airfoil, Ethan Deweese, Lap Nguyen, Erik Vataker, William MacKunis, Vladimir Golubev, Ron Efrati, Oksana Stalnov 2024 Embry-Riddle

On Progress In Exploring Controlled Viscous Limit-Cycle Oscillations In Modified Glauert Airfoil, Ethan Deweese, Lap Nguyen, Erik Vataker, William Mackunis, Vladimir Golubev, Ron Efrati, Oksana Stalnov

Publications

The paper reports on the progress in the development of a novel robust, nonlinear flow control technology that employs an array of synthetic-jet actuators (SJAs) embedded in 2-DOF, elastically mounted, optimized Modified Glauert (MG) airfoil design in order to control limit cycle oscillations (LCO) at low subsonic flow regimes. The focus here is on the conceptual design of the wind energy harvesting system that employs, e.g., a piezoelectric device to extract energy from plunging LCO, with the closed-loop controller being capable to sustain the required LCO amplitudes over a wide range of wind speeds. The current high-fidelity studies first include …


Experimental Environmental Profiles And Sloshing Dynamics Aboard Zero-G Aircraft, Pedro J. Llanos, Sathya Gangadharan, Kevin Crosby 2024 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Experimental Environmental Profiles And Sloshing Dynamics Aboard Zero-G Aircraft, Pedro J. Llanos, Sathya Gangadharan, Kevin Crosby

Publications

This study presents the results of a parabolic flight experiment to study the sloshing dynamics of the magneto-active propellant management device experiment. This device utilizes a magnetoactive membrane and magnets located external to the tank to effectively damp the liquid free surface motion. This research work establishes a benchmark with sloshing analytical formulation and sensor calibration methods that can be used to characterize future research parabolic flights while providing important environmental profiles measured during flight, such as accelerations, pitch angle, velocity, temperature, total volatile content, carbon dioxide, relative humidity, magnetic field, and radiation. Correlation between these flight variables and the …


Autonomous Strike Uavs For Counterterrorism Missions: Challenges And Preliminary Solutions, Meshari Aljohani, Ravi Mukkamala, Stephan Olariu 2024 Old Dominion University

Autonomous Strike Uavs For Counterterrorism Missions: Challenges And Preliminary Solutions, Meshari Aljohani, Ravi Mukkamala, Stephan Olariu

Computer Science Faculty Publications

UAVs are becoming a crucial tool in modern warfare, primarily due to their cost-effectiveness, risk reduction, and ability to perform a wider range of activities. The use of autonomous UAVs to conduct strike missions against highly valuable targets is the focus of this research. Due to developments in ledger technology, smart contracts, and machine learning, such activities formerly carried out by professionals or remotely flown UAVs are now feasible. Our study provides the first in-depth analysis of challenges and potential solutions for successful implementation of an autonomous UAV mission.


Dynamical Modeling Of Resistojet Style Thrusters For Fault Detection, And Fault Identification, Jonathan Leo Kerivan 2024 University of Vermont

Dynamical Modeling Of Resistojet Style Thrusters For Fault Detection, And Fault Identification, Jonathan Leo Kerivan

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

The work presented in this thesis investigates and validates the dynamic modeling, fault detection, and fault identification (FDI) for the resistojet thruster system, typically used in low magnitude thrust applications for smaller spacecraft. The resistojet thruster is an improvement upon the widely utilized cold gas thruster, featuring an incorporated heating section aimed at improving propellant efficiency. This additional heating section enhances the performance of the system by increasing the propellant’s thermal energy before its discharge through the nozzle, subsequently leading to a reduction in overall fuel consumption. To implement a model-based FDI technique tailored to the typical resistojet thruster system, …


On The History And Semantics Of Burble In Aerodynamic Theory, Benjamin C. Moulton, Cory D. Goates, Troy A. Abraham 2024 Utah State University

On The History And Semantics Of Burble In Aerodynamic Theory, Benjamin C. Moulton, Cory D. Goates, Troy A. Abraham

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Student Publications and Presentations

The term burble has been in use in aerodynamic theory for over a century. While burble may be unfamiliar to most contemporary aerodynamicists, the word has a rich history based in aerodynamic theory and experimentation. The present paper outlines the fluidity of burble's meaning over time. From analyzing subsonic flow over an airfoil, to the implementation of stochastic turbulence in aircraft carrier landing simulations, the term burble has had a significant impact on the study of aerodynamics. The term burble has fallen out of use in aerodynamic engineering circles. Why did this happen? And what can be learned from the …


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