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Effects Of Imu Sensor Location And Number On The Validity Of Vertical Acceleration Time-Series Data In Countermovement Jumping, Dianne Althouse 2022 Utah State University

Effects Of Imu Sensor Location And Number On The Validity Of Vertical Acceleration Time-Series Data In Countermovement Jumping, Dianne Althouse

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Many devices are available for measuring the height of a CMJ. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) measures linear acceleration, orientation, and angular velocity. As an alternative to using IMU estimates of flight time, CMJ height could be estimated by integrating the IMU time-series signal for vertical acceleration to derive CMJ take-off velocity in order to track whole-body center of mass (WBCoM) movement, yet this approach would require valid IMU acceleration data. Thus, the purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of IMU sensor location and number on the validity of vertical acceleration estimation in CMJ. Thirty young adults ...


Novel Patterning Techniques To Improve Digital Image Correlation In Challenging Environments, Weston Craig 2022 Utah State University

Novel Patterning Techniques To Improve Digital Image Correlation In Challenging Environments, Weston Craig

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A camera-based measurement technique called digital image correlation (DIC) is beneficial to measure displacement and strain in challenging environments (such as post-irradiation evaluation and high temperature environments) due to its non-contacting nature and ability to obtain measurements over multiple length scales. This technique requires a surface pattern which influences the measurement resolution and accuracy of the measurements. This thesis explores two novel patterning techniques to allow the use of DIC in more challenging environments:

The first is to determine if a pattern created from printed text can be used as a pattern in DIC. Native patterns are patterns already present ...


A Numerical Study On The Powder Flowability, Spreadability, Packing Fraction In Powder Bed Additive Manufacturing, Yeasir Mohammad Akib, Ehsan Marzbanrad, Farid Ahmed, Jianzhi Li 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

A Numerical Study On The Powder Flowability, Spreadability, Packing Fraction In Powder Bed Additive Manufacturing, Yeasir Mohammad Akib, Ehsan Marzbanrad, Farid Ahmed, Jianzhi Li

Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The powder bed fusion (PBF) process is widely adopted in many manufacturing industries because of its capability to 3D print complex parts with micro-scale precision. In PBF process, a thermal energy source is used to selectively fuse powder particles layer by layer to build a part. The build quality in the PBF process primarily depends on the thermal energy deposition and properties of the powder bed. Powder flowability, powder spreading, and packing fraction are key factors that determine the properties of a powder bed. Therefore, the study of these process parameters is essential to better understand the PBF process. In ...


Applications Of Thermal Energy Storage With Electrified Heating And Cooling, Erich Ryan 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Applications Of Thermal Energy Storage With Electrified Heating And Cooling, Erich Ryan

Masters Theses

With a clear correlation between climate change and rising CO2 emissions, decarbonization has garnered serious interest in many sectors to limit the adverse effects of global warming. Heating and cooling systems have been a focus of decarbonization efforts, with heat pumps becoming more popular in the United States and abroad. In fact, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning accounts for nearly 27% of total energy use in the United States [1]. Ground source heat pumps (GSHP) utilizing borehole heat exchangers (BHE) have been shown to be an effective method of electrifying heating and cooling systems, maintaining some of the best ...


Film Cooling In Gas Turbine And Nozzle, Manideep Uduta Engineer-Graduate Aerospace, Vaibhav Naiknavre Engineer-Graduate Aerospace 2022 Sandip University, Maharashtra, Nashik, INDIA

Film Cooling In Gas Turbine And Nozzle, Manideep Uduta Engineer-Graduate Aerospace, Vaibhav Naiknavre Engineer-Graduate Aerospace

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

A gas turbine is a rotating engine that generates its power through the flow of combustion gases. With either an axial or centrifugal compressor, air from the surrounding environment is drawn into the engine intake, where it is compressed and heated before being sent to combustion chamber. Every gas turbine engine has a nozzle as a standard part. Among its many responsibilities include propelling the engine forward, returning exhaust gases to the free stream, and regulating mass flow through the engine. When the power turbine's exhaust exits, the nozzle is directly in the direction of the fumes. Simply put ...


Noncontact Liquid Crystalline Broadband Optoacoustic Sensors [U.S. Patent Us11366054b2], Hengky Chandrahalim, Michael T. Dela Cruz 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Noncontact Liquid Crystalline Broadband Optoacoustic Sensors [U.S. Patent Us11366054b2], Hengky Chandrahalim, Michael T. Dela Cruz

Faculty Publications

An optoacoustic sensor includes a liquid crystal (LC) cell formed between top and bottom plates of transparent material. A transverse grating formed across the LC cell that forms an optical transmission bandgap. A CL is aligned to form a spring-like, tunable Bragg grating that is naturally responsive to external agitations providing a spectral transition regime, or edge, in the optical transmission bandgap of the transverse grating that respond to broadband acoustic waves. The optoacoustic sensor includes a narrowband light source that is oriented to transmit light through the top plate, the LC cell, and the bottom plate. The optoacoustic sensor ...


A Study On Concepts De-Laval Nozzle Using Cfd Tool, Krishna Yadav Graduate Engineer, Digambar Daware Mr., Vedant Akolkar, Pallavi Padalwar 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering Sandip University

A Study On Concepts De-Laval Nozzle Using Cfd Tool, Krishna Yadav Graduate Engineer, Digambar Daware Mr., Vedant Akolkar, Pallavi Padalwar

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

A device that is used to control the characteristics of fluid is known as a nozzle. Its primary function is to increase the fluid's rate of motion. A traditional De-Laval nozzle will have three distinct parts: a throat, a converging section, and a diverging part. This paper will attempt to detail the bulk of the nozzle concepts developed by De Laval. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the nozzle's operational philosophy. In addition, theoretical flow analysis is carried out at a number of locations along the length of the nozzle. The dynamic changes in flow parameters such ...


Hybrid Rocket Propulsion Development And Application, AKSHAY GHARAT Assistant Professor, VINAYAK HASTAK Graduate Engineer 2022 SOET, Sandip University, MH, INDIA

Hybrid Rocket Propulsion Development And Application, Akshay Gharat Assistant Professor, Vinayak Hastak Graduate Engineer

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Satellite technology is advancing. Satellite propulsion requires several desired rocket properties. This is necessary for 1 kg of payload. Launch vehicles no longer need rocket engines. Application includes satellite movement, orbit transfer, and probe and lander propulsion. Space travel is inventive and exciting.

Research, production, and use costs must be decreased to make space transportation systems generally available. Security shouldn't be affected. Rocket propellants must be high-performing, non-toxic, and safe. Rocket engines have other parts. Restarting and throttling are crucial. These are inaccessible to solid rocket motors. Developing a liquid rocket engine is hard and expensive, but it can ...


A Critical Study On Missile And Missile Guidance, Jay Vavdiya Engineer, Vishal Kaushik Prof. 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharashtra

A Critical Study On Missile And Missile Guidance, Jay Vavdiya Engineer, Vishal Kaushik Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

As a result of advancements in armament technology, traditional conceptions of battle are going through a profound transformation. The use of technology as a force multiplier is extremely prevalent in modern combat. In the modern battlefield, autonomous weapons are absolutely necessary. In this day and age, the presence of missiles is almost always indicative of a country's level of military power. The employment of guided weapons is an unavoidable need in the arsenals of modern militaries. The study will primarily concentrate on several types of weapons, ranging in range from extremely short to medium, long, and automated. This study ...


Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof. 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharashtra, INDIA

Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Design Criteria, Experimental Studies of Supersonic Shock Wave Interaction with Film Cooling, and High-Pressure Subscale Combustion Chamber of Film Cooling Liquid-Propellant Rocket Engines are all covered in this review study. Using earth-storable, space-storable, and cryogenic propellant combinations, the study establishes the applicability of film cooling to rocket engines in the high thrust range. The study's findings are given in this publication. Additionally, data from studies mixing different types of propellant were used to evaluate the analytical model's accuracy. Tests employing supersonic film cooling were done in the wind tunnel to investigate the impact of external shock waves on ...


Aerospace Components Made By Polymer Material, Minal Babar Graduate Engineer, Priyansh Saxena Graduate Engineer, Nilesh Vilash Thube Graduate Engineer, GOKUL RAJ S Engineering Graduate 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, MH, INDIA

Aerospace Components Made By Polymer Material, Minal Babar Graduate Engineer, Priyansh Saxena Graduate Engineer, Nilesh Vilash Thube Graduate Engineer, Gokul Raj S Engineering Graduate

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The aerospace and aviation industry have fasted growing industries on a global scale. Reliable aircraft demands many top rubber components. These rubber components must-have high performance and endurance properties, since they will be exposed to a range of extreme weather conditions, such as excessively hot or cold temperatures, and different types of oils and gases. Rubber products are becoming more famous because of their durability under extreme environmental conditions and cost-effectiveness. The rubber used for aircraft must be of high quality, and this factor is most important in the production of the necessary parts. To study the effect of all ...


Engine Use In Hybrid Rocket - A Review, Shantanu. U. Bayaskar Er., Vaibhav Arya Graduate Engineer, Shiva Prasad U Prof. 2022 Sandip University

Engine Use In Hybrid Rocket - A Review, Shantanu. U. Bayaskar Er., Vaibhav Arya Graduate Engineer, Shiva Prasad U Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Despite all the other rocket motors on the market such as solid and liquid. A historically failed motor was in the market which was handicapped in performance but now with technological development in the previous years, hybrid rocket motor is the most influential talk in the market.

Deeper in the paper we will discuss the hybrid motor focusing on the fuel used in Hybrid rocket engines and the performance depending on the design. Furthermore, this review paper will help us to study the different materials for the betterment of the engine performance. We will also be focusing on the methods ...


The Influence Of Flow Mechanotransduction On Endothelial Cells In The Lymphatic Valve Sinus, Joshua Daniel Hall 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Influence Of Flow Mechanotransduction On Endothelial Cells In The Lymphatic Valve Sinus, Joshua Daniel Hall

Doctoral Dissertations

Fluid flow in the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems influences the phenotype of endothelial cells that line the interior to the vessel via mechanotransduction. Geometric features in a vessel such as curvature, bifurcation, and valves promote heterogeneous fluid flow profiles, inducing a heterogeneous endothelial phenotype within a vessel region. Certain flow conditions are associated with vascular dysfunction, and diseases such as atherosclerosis preferentially develop in areas of flow disturbance. Lymphatic vessels are highly analogous to blood vessels, although lymphatic flow characteristics and its effect on lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) via mechanotransduction have been comparatively less examined. The most significant geometric features ...


Bbt Side Mold Assy, Bill Hemphill 2022 East Tennessee State University

Bbt Side Mold Assy, Bill Hemphill

STEM Guitar Project’s BBT Acoustic Kit

This electronic document file set covers the design and fabrication information of the ETSU Guitar Building Project’s BBT (OM-sized) Side Mold Assy for use with the STEM Guitar Project’s standard acoustic guitar kit. The extended 'as built' data set contains an overview file and companion video, the 'parent' CADD drawing, CADD data for laser etching and cutting a drill &/or layout template, CADD drawings in AutoCAD .DWG and .DXF R12 formats of the centerline tool paths for creating the mold assembly pieces on an AXYZ CNC router, and support documentation for CAM applications including router bit specifications, feeds ...


Nano-Enhanced Biolubricant In Sustainable Manufacturing: From Processability To Mechanisms, Yanbin ZHANG, Hao Nan LI, Changhe LI, Chuanzhen HUANG, Hafiz Muhammad ALI, Xuefeng XU, Cong MAO, Wenfeng DING, Xin CUI, Min YANG, Tianbiao YU, Muhammad JAMIL, Munish Kumar GUPTA, Dongzhou JIA, Zafar SAID 2022 School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao 266520, China

Nano-Enhanced Biolubricant In Sustainable Manufacturing: From Processability To Mechanisms, Yanbin Zhang, Hao Nan Li, Changhe Li, Chuanzhen Huang, Hafiz Muhammad Ali, Xuefeng Xu, Cong Mao, Wenfeng Ding, Xin Cui, Min Yang, Tianbiao Yu, Muhammad Jamil, Munish Kumar Gupta, Dongzhou Jia, Zafar Said

Friction

To eliminate the negative effect of traditional metal-working fluids and achieve sustainable manufacturing, the usage of nano-enhanced biolubricant (NEBL) is widely researched in minimum quantify lubrication (MQL) machining. It’s improved tool wear and surface integrity have been preliminarily verified by experimental studies. The previous review papers also concluded the major influencing factors of processability including nano-enhancer and lubricant types, NEBL concentration, micro droplet size, and so on. Nevertheless, the complex action of NEBL, from preparation, atomization, infiltration to heat transfer and anti-friction, is indistinct which limits preparation of process specifications and popularity in factories. Especially in the complex machining ...


Tribological Behavior Of Co-Textured Cylinder Liner-Piston Ring During Running-In, Chenwei MIAO, Zhiwei GUO, Chengqing YUAN 2022 School of Energy and Power Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China; Reliability Engineering Institute, National Engineering Research Center for Water Transportation Safety, Wuhan 430063, China

Tribological Behavior Of Co-Textured Cylinder Liner-Piston Ring During Running-In, Chenwei Miao, Zhiwei Guo, Chengqing Yuan

Friction

The running-in of cylinder liner-piston rings (CLPRs) is the most important process that must be performed before a marine diesel engine can be operated. The quality of running-in directly affects the reliability of a CLPR. The surface texture of a CLPR has been proven to significantly affect its lubrication performance. In this study, the tribological behavior of a CLPR during running-in is investigated. Three types of surface textures are generated on the CLPR via laser processing: dimple texture on piston rings, groove texture on cylinder liners, and co-texture on both sides. Subsequently, a series of tests are performed on a ...


Investigation Into Gas Lubrication Performance Of Porous Gas Bearing Considering Velocity Slip Boundary Condition, Xiangbo ZHANG, Shuiting DING, Farong DU, Fenzhu JI, Zheng XU, Jiang LIU, Qi ZHANG, Yu ZHOU 2022 School of Energy and Power Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China; Aircraft/Engine Integrated System Safety Beijing Key Laboratory, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China

Investigation Into Gas Lubrication Performance Of Porous Gas Bearing Considering Velocity Slip Boundary Condition, Xiangbo Zhang, Shuiting Ding, Farong Du, Fenzhu Ji, Zheng Xu, Jiang Liu, Qi Zhang, Yu Zhou

Friction

Porous gas bearings (PGBs) have a proactive application in aerospace and turbomachinery. This study investigates the gas lubrication performance of a PGB with the condition of velocity slip boundary (VSB) owing to the high Knudsen number in the gas film. The Darcy-Forchheimer laws and modified Navier-Stokes equations were adopted to describe the gas flow in the porous layer and gas film region, respectively. An improved bearing experimental platform was established to verify the accuracy of the derived theory and the reliability of the numerical analysis. The effects of various parameters on the pressure distribution, flow cycle, load capacity, mass flow ...


Effect Of Wear Debris On Fretting Fatigue Crack Initiation, Shengjie WANG, Tongyan YUE, Dagang WANG, Magd ABDEL WAHAB 2022 Soete Laboratory, Department of Electrical Energy, Metals, Mechanical Construction & Systems, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Ghent University, Ghent 9052, Belgium

Effect Of Wear Debris On Fretting Fatigue Crack Initiation, Shengjie Wang, Tongyan Yue, Dagang Wang, Magd Abdel Wahab

Friction

Both wear and fatigue occur in fretting condition, and they interact with one another during the whole process. Fretting fatigue is commonly analysed without considering the effect of wear in partial slip regime, although wear affects the lifetime of crack initiation. This paper investigates, for the first time, the effect of wear debris on fretting fatigue crack initiation. To investigate the effect of debris, first fretting wear characteristics in partial slip regime are analysed for loading conditions. Then, the effect of wear on fretting fatigue crack initiation is investigated using Ruiz parameters and critical plane methods without considering the debris ...


Incipient Sliding Of Adhesive Contacts, Francesc PÉREZ-RÀFOLS, Lucia NICOLA 2022 Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, Padua I-35131, Italy

Incipient Sliding Of Adhesive Contacts, Francesc Pérez-Ràfols, Lucia Nicola

Friction

A model is proposed herein to investigate the incipient sliding of contacts in the presence of both friction and adhesion, where the interfacial response is modeled based on traction-separation laws. A Maugis-like parameter is defined to characterize the response in the tangential direction. Subsequently, the model is used to investigate the contact between a smooth cylinder and a flat body, where adhesion-friction interactions are strong. A range of behaviors are observed when a tangential displacement is imposed: When the parameter is low, the contact pressure exhibits a relatively constant profile; when it is high, a pressure spike is observed at ...


Water-Based Lubrication Of Niobium Nitride, Kaifei MIAO, Jia WANG, Qiang ZHAO, Kaiwen WANG, Mao WEN, Kan ZHANG 2022 State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Department of Materials Science, Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials, MOE, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China

Water-Based Lubrication Of Niobium Nitride, Kaifei Miao, Jia Wang, Qiang Zhao, Kaiwen Wang, Mao Wen, Kan Zhang

Friction

Water-based lubrication has attracted wide attention as an oil-free lubrication method owing to its greener and cleaner lubrication means. However, due to operating in the water environment, most moving parts would inevitably suffer from abrasion, rusting, and aging problems. Developing a novel solid-water composite system with ultra-low friction and wear will open new possibilities for innovative lubrication material research and development. Here, we first revealed the water-based lubrication behavior of a high-hardness niobium nitride coating (NbN). In a three-phase contact environment (water, air, and NbN), oxidation and hydrolytic reactions of NbN result in the formation of "colloidal solutions", containing Nb ...


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