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Component Monitoring Strategies For Ipwr Plant Systems During Operational Transients, Matthew S. Scott 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Component Monitoring Strategies For Ipwr Plant Systems During Operational Transients, Matthew S. Scott

Masters Theses

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are currently at the forefront of the nuclear industry as potential next stage in nuclear energy production. Implementing a new reactor technology in a commercial setting contains many challenges in terms of maintaining safety and regulatory standards since all of the regulatory framework is based on the traditional PWR design. One benefit of the SMR design is the increased ability to load-follow to meet the constant changes in grid demand. This type of operational strategy introduces changes into the system that impacts the operational lifespan of system components due to increased degradation. Since there are no …


Uranium Holdup Mass Quantification By Hybrid Gamma Imaging, Blake R. Montz 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Uranium Holdup Mass Quantification By Hybrid Gamma Imaging, Blake R. Montz

Masters Theses

Accurate quantification of uranium holdup is crucial in the efficient operation of many processing facilities involved with special nuclear material (SNM). The varying shapes and sizes of holdup deposits can make accurate quantification a challenge. The most common approach is the Generalized Geometry Holdup (GGH) method which simplifies the shape of the deposit to a point, line, or area source. Although the GGH method is quick and easy to implement, the oversimplifying assumptions can lead to systematic uncertainties as high as 50%. The research presented here is exploring gamma-ray imaging as a more accurate method of quantifying deposits. A PHDs …


Determination Of Near-Sol Carbon Impurity Content Due To Divertor Target Leakage Using Carbon-13 Tracers Via Methane Injection On The Diii-D Tokamak, Jonah David Duran 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Determination Of Near-Sol Carbon Impurity Content Due To Divertor Target Leakage Using Carbon-13 Tracers Via Methane Injection On The Diii-D Tokamak, Jonah David Duran

Doctoral Dissertations

Experiments with outer strike point injection of isotopically enriched methane (13CD­4) in DIII-D L-mode discharges have demonstrated the ability to infer near scrape-off-layer (SOL) impurity density profiles based on: far-SOL collector probe (CP) measurements; a stable isotopic mixing model; and SOL impurity transport modelling. This work enables one of the first in-depth investigations on the source and transport of SOL impurities which could hinder performance of future fusion devices. Modelling by DIVIMP and 3DLIM of 13C SOL evolution is consistent with diagnostic observations and indicates that the buildup of injected impurities on plasma-facing surfaces must …


Multi-Objective Optimization Of The Fast Neutron Source By Machine Learning, John L. Pevey 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Multi-Objective Optimization Of The Fast Neutron Source By Machine Learning, John L. Pevey

Doctoral Dissertations

The design and optimization of nuclear systems can be a difficult task, often with prohibitively large design spaces, as well as both competing and complex objectives and constraints. When faced with such an optimization, the task of designing an algorithm for this optimization falls to engineers who must apply engineering knowledge and experience to reduce the scope of the optimization to a manageable size. When sufficient computational resources are available, unsupervised optimization can be used.

The optimization of the Fast Neutron Source (FNS) at the University of Tennessee is presented as an example for the methodologies developed in this work. …


First Development And Demonstration Of Fiber Optic Bolometer, Seungsup Lee 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

First Development And Demonstration Of Fiber Optic Bolometer, Seungsup Lee

Doctoral Dissertations

The fiber optic bolometer (FOB) was demonstrated observing a fusion plasma for the first time, and 2D fiber optic bolometer was developed and demonstrated to have high spatial resolution. The FOB is a novel type of a bolometer that is theoretically immune to EMI. A bolometer that is a sensor that measure the power of the incoming electromagnetic radiation. The most common bolometer used in fusion research is a resistive bolometer that utilize resistors in an electrical circuit. Due to high electromagnetic interferences (EMI) in fusion environment, noise can be a serious problem in determining accurate plasma radiation. The demonstration …


Development Of A Low-Dose Radiation Therapy Device For Acute Respritory Distress Syndrome, Thomas Heath Davis 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of A Low-Dose Radiation Therapy Device For Acute Respritory Distress Syndrome, Thomas Heath Davis

Masters Theses

This research focuses on the development of a low dose radiotherapy (LD-RT) device for treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a respiratory illness that affects millions of people a year. The use of orthovoltage (200 – 500 keV) X-ray energy provides many advantages over traditional radiotherapy delivery with linear accelerators, such as low cost and greater accessibility. In addition, X-ray tubes have been shown throughout history to provide good treatment outcomes for pneumonia, and research has shown LD-RT to be just as effective with ARDS. This proposal summarizes my efforts in determining the dosimetric properties of a LD-RT system …


The Role Of Generation Iv Nuclear Reactors In Decarbonising International Shipping: A Multi-Criteria Decision Making (Mcdm) Framework For Matching Potential Decarbonisation Pathways To Different Ship Types And Size, Claudianus David Kunze 2022 World Maritime University

The Role Of Generation Iv Nuclear Reactors In Decarbonising International Shipping: A Multi-Criteria Decision Making (Mcdm) Framework For Matching Potential Decarbonisation Pathways To Different Ship Types And Size, Claudianus David Kunze

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Numerical Investigations Of The Fluid Flow And Heat Transfer And Construction Of Control System For The Canadian Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactor Power Plant, Huirui Han 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Numerical Investigations Of The Fluid Flow And Heat Transfer And Construction Of Control System For The Canadian Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactor Power Plant, Huirui Han

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Canada participated in the Generation IV nuclear reactors with the Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactor (SCWR) concept. This work focuses on the numerical studies of the fluid flow and heat transfer of the supercritical water in the nuclear reactor fuel bundle, and the construction of the linear dynamic model and the design of the control system for the Canadian SCWR power plant.

Firstly, the fluid flow and heat transfer of the supercritical water in the vertical tube and the rod bundle is numerically investigated to evaluate whether the existing turbulent models could successfully caption the wall temperature variations at supercritical conditions by …


Full Volume 13, Issue 1, Seyma Tufan 2022 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Full Volume 13, Issue 1, Seyma Tufan

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Enabling Rapid Chemical Analysis Of Plutonium Alloys Via Machine Learning-Enhanced Atomic Spectroscopy Techniques, Ashwin P. Rao 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Enabling Rapid Chemical Analysis Of Plutonium Alloys Via Machine Learning-Enhanced Atomic Spectroscopy Techniques, Ashwin P. Rao

Theses and Dissertations

Analytical atomic spectroscopy methods have the potential to provide solutions for rapid, high fidelity chemical analysis of plutonium alloys. Implementing these methods with advanced analytical techniques can help reduce the chemical analysis time needed for plutonium pit production, directly enabling the 80 pit-per-year by 2030 manufacturing goal outlined in the 2018 Nuclear Posture Review. Two commercial, handheld elemental analyzers were validated for potential in situ analysis of Pu. A handheld XRF device was able to detect gallium in a Pu surrogate matrix with a detection limit of 0.002 wt% and a mean error of 8%. A handheld LIBS device was …


Development Of Metal Halide Perovskites For Radiation Detection, Ryan Tan 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of Metal Halide Perovskites For Radiation Detection, Ryan Tan

Doctoral Dissertations

Metal halide perovskite (MHP) semiconductors have attracted significant interest in recent years within photovoltaic and radiation detection communities due to their inexpensive solution growths, high effective atomic number for gamma and X-ray sensing, suitable bandgap, large resistivity, and moderate mobility-lifetime products. The MHP stoichiometry can also be tuned as needed to achieve desired physical and electronic properties. Moreover, the hybrid or organometallic halide perovskite (OMHP) variants contain a large atomic fraction of hydrogen for fast neutron sensing. These qualities make MHPs an attractive low-cost option for meeting detector needs within nuclear security and imaging applications. This work presents the development …


Modeling The Reactor Time-Dependent Delayed Particle Tail With Monte Carlo N-Particle (Mcnp) Version 6.2, Eli James Boland 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Modeling The Reactor Time-Dependent Delayed Particle Tail With Monte Carlo N-Particle (Mcnp) Version 6.2, Eli James Boland

Masters Theses

"Energy is deposited into experiment packages due to post-shutdown decay heat created from delayed particles. Modeling these delayed particles in a reactor assists researchers in quantifying the expected energy deposition sources to an experiment package before irradiation. This paper focuses on modeling the delayed particles in a reactor in MCNP6.2 by capturing a reactor as a source, converting this source capture to a source definition, applying appropriate physics such as activation and photonuclear interactions, and finally using proper tallies to create the expected delayed particle tail of a reactor.

To capture the source distribution, the FMESH capability within MCNP was …


Computational Methods, Investigations, And Codes To Support Corrosion Experiments In Molten Lead And Transfer To Reactor Conditions, Khaled A. Talaat 2022 University of New Mexico

Computational Methods, Investigations, And Codes To Support Corrosion Experiments In Molten Lead And Transfer To Reactor Conditions, Khaled A. Talaat

Nuclear Engineering ETDs

Lead cooled fast reactors have many potential economic advantages over other Generation IV reactor designs due to the high boiling point of lead (~1750 °C) at atmospheric pressure and excellent neutronic properties which have made them attractive to the commercial energy sector in the recent years. They, however, remain hampered by challenges in cladding material compatibility with the heavy liquid metal coolant. A forced circulation loop was established at the University of New Mexico (“Lobo Lead Loop”) to prequalify materials for Versatile Test Reactor (VTR) testing and to improve the understanding of flow accelerated corrosion in molten lead environment. Corrosion …


Fire Simulation And Analysis Of A Switchgear Cabinet Fire And Its Effects On Cable Trays, Yalcin Meraki 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Fire Simulation And Analysis Of A Switchgear Cabinet Fire And Its Effects On Cable Trays, Yalcin Meraki

Masters Theses

Switchgear rooms are crucial in containing essential equipment such as cabinets and cable trays in case of a possible fire. There are three fire model classes which are algebraic models, zone model, and computation fluid dynamics model (CFD). PyroSim software, a visual user interface for the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), was used for simulation by using the CFD. Two different 464 kW and 1002 kW heat release rate (HRR) values were used under the same conditions for the fire scenario. By considering a fire scenario, the fire ignited due to …


Computational Models To Detect Radiation In Urban Environments: An Application Of Signal Processing Techniques And Neural Networks To Radiation Data Analysis, Jose Nicolas Gachancipa 2022 Student

Computational Models To Detect Radiation In Urban Environments: An Application Of Signal Processing Techniques And Neural Networks To Radiation Data Analysis, Jose Nicolas Gachancipa

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Radioactive sources, such as uranium-235, are nuclides that emit ionizing radiation, and which can be used to build nuclear weapons. In public areas, the presence of a radioactive nuclide can present a risk to the population, and therefore, it is imperative that threats are identified by radiological search and response teams in a timely and effective manner. In urban environments, such as densely populated cities, radioactive sources may be more difficult to detect, since background radiation produced by surrounding objects and structures (e.g., buildings, cars) can hinder the effective detection of unnatural radioactive material. This article presents a computational model …


Joining Of Candidate Materials For Lead-Cooled Fast Reactors, Brandon M. Bohanon 2022 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Joining Of Candidate Materials For Lead-Cooled Fast Reactors, Brandon M. Bohanon

Nuclear Engineering ETDs

The lead-cooled fast reactor (LFR) is a fourth-generation reactor design characterized by high temperatures, neutron dosage, and highly corrosive and erosive environment due to high flow velocities. Therefore, materials testing must be performed to find structural and system components that withstand this harsh environment. These candidate alloys must have high-temperature creep strength, resistance to damage from fast-spectrum neutrons, and must grow protective oxide layers. FeCrAl alloys have been identified as possessing all these qualities, however, there are limitations due to erosion and the joining of these materials. In this work, mechanical and microstructural properties of base and conventionally joined FeCrAl-based …


Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Safe Management Of Spent Nuclear Fuel, Robert L. Sindelar 2022 Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC

Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Safe Management Of Spent Nuclear Fuel, Robert L. Sindelar

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

The aim for storage of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) either in wet or in dry storage systems is to ensure general safety objectives are met throughout a desired storage period. Staff at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), in collaborations with partners at other national laboratories, industry research organizations, and the University of South Carolina (UofSC), have performed materials aging testing and analyses, and have established nuclear materials aging management programs to support extended periods of safe storage of research reactor (RR) SNF and of commercial power reactor (PR) SNF pending ultimate disposal. Several example challenges include susceptibility of aluminum …


Nuclear Energy As A Reliable And Safe Source Of Power Generation, Sarup Dhungana 2022 University of Mississippi

Nuclear Energy As A Reliable And Safe Source Of Power Generation, Sarup Dhungana

Honors Theses

There is a high demand of energy for generating civil applicable power in the world and in the USA, correspondingly. The world has been consuming various sources to extract the power to meet its demands. Most of the power sources include renewable and non-renewable sources like fossil fuels, natural gas, coal, water, solar, wind, and nuclear power. Although most of these sources have many advantages in terms of their capacity and cost of production, nuclear power can be categorized as the emerging driving force in the United States and in the world for power generation, because of its reliability and …


A High Rate Pixelated Neutron Detector For Neutron Reflectometry At The Spallation Neutron Source, Su-Ann Chong 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A High Rate Pixelated Neutron Detector For Neutron Reflectometry At The Spallation Neutron Source, Su-Ann Chong

Doctoral Dissertations

This work presents the development of a high-rate 6Li-based pixelated neutron detector for neutron reflectometry instruments at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The current detector technology falls short on the instrument requirements, particularly on the counting rate capability. This detector was designed specifically to overcome the limitation in counting rate by having a fully pixelated design from neutron conversion layer to photodetector and readout system. For the neutron converting layer, a 6Li-based neutron scintillator was used. Each scintillator element was coupled to a photodetector, in this case, a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM). The output of each SiPM …


Tokamak 3d Heat Load Investigations Using An Integrated Simulation Framework, Thomas Looby 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Tokamak 3d Heat Load Investigations Using An Integrated Simulation Framework, Thomas Looby

Doctoral Dissertations

Reactor class nuclear fusion tokamaks will be inherently complex. Thousands of interconnected systems that span orders of magnitude in physical scale must operate cohesively for the machine to function. Because these reactor class tokamaks are all in an early design stage, it is difficult to quantify exactly how each subsystem will act within the context of the greater systems. Therefore, to predict the engineering parameters necessary to design the machine, simulation frameworks that can model individual systems as well as the interfaced systems are necessary. This dissertation outlines a novel framework developed to couple otherwise disparate computational domains together into …


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