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Application Of Eh-Ph Diagrams On Acid Leaching Systems For The Recovery Of Rees From Bastnaesite, Monazite And Xenotime, Peijia Lin, Xinbo Yang, Joshua M. Werner, Rick Q. Honaker 2021 University of Kentucky

Application Of Eh-Ph Diagrams On Acid Leaching Systems For The Recovery Of Rees From Bastnaesite, Monazite And Xenotime, Peijia Lin, Xinbo Yang, Joshua M. Werner, Rick Q. Honaker

Mining Engineering Faculty Publications

Bastnaesite, monazite and xenotime are rare earth minerals (REMs) that are typical sources for rare earth elements (REEs). To advance the understanding of their leaching and precipitation behavior in different hydrometallurgical processes, Eh-pH diagrams were constructed and modified using the HSC 9.9 software. The aqueous stability of rare earth elements in H2O and acid leaching systems, i.e., the REE-Ligands-H2O systems, were depicted and studied based on the Eh-pH diagrams. This study considers the most relevant lixiviants, their resulting equilibrium states and the importance in the hydrometallurgical recovery of rare earth elements (REMs). A literature ...


Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of The Effect Of Integration Of A Flooded-Bed Scrubber Into A Longwall Shearer On Airflow Along A Coal Mine Longwall Face, Sampurna Arya, Thomas Novak, Joseph Sottile 2021 University of Alaska Fairbanks

Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of The Effect Of Integration Of A Flooded-Bed Scrubber Into A Longwall Shearer On Airflow Along A Coal Mine Longwall Face, Sampurna Arya, Thomas Novak, Joseph Sottile

Mining Engineering Faculty Publications

Dust control is one of the most difficult challenges for underground coal mine operators, especially longwall mine operators. The most widely used dust control technologies at a longwall section are ventilation air and water sprays, whereas a continuous miner section has the added advantage of having a dust scrubber built into the continuous miner. To test the potential benefits of integrating a flooded-bed scrubber into a longwall shearer, the authors designed and built a dust scrubber system for a full-scale mock-up of a longwall shearer. The mock-up was installed in the longwall test gallery at the Pittsburgh Research Laboratory (PRL ...


Is The Relationship Between Mining And Climate Change Only One-Way? Climate Change Potential Impacts On Mining Activity – Hazards, Risks And Adaptation Measures, Małgorzata Markowska 2021 Central Mining Institute

Is The Relationship Between Mining And Climate Change Only One-Way? Climate Change Potential Impacts On Mining Activity – Hazards, Risks And Adaptation Measures, Małgorzata Markowska

Journal of Sustainable Mining

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Precipitation On The Groundwater Of Coal Waste Dump, Tomasz Suponik, Dawid Franke, Robert Frączek, Katarzyna Nowińska, Piotr Pierzyna, Zenon Różański, Paweł Wrona 2021 Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Mining, Safety Engineering and Industrial Automation, Poland

The Impact Of Precipitation On The Groundwater Of Coal Waste Dump, Tomasz Suponik, Dawid Franke, Robert Frączek, Katarzyna Nowińska, Piotr Pierzyna, Zenon Różański, Paweł Wrona

Journal of Sustainable Mining

The aim of the study was to assess the effect of climate change, mainly higher and lower precipitation, on the intensity of the impact of a coal waste dump on groundwater. The analysis used meteorological data for the Katowice region in 2002-2020 as well as data on the height of the groundwater table in the vicinity of the coal waste dump, and data on physicochemical parameters and chemical composition of groundwater in 2004-2020. Based on the analyses, it was found that the periods of drought in the Silesian Voivodeship, located in the south of Poland, occurred mainly in spring, while ...


The Level Of Securing Dust Deposits Against The Possibility Of Coal Dust Explosion In The Drilled Dog Headings, Bogdan Malich, Krzysztof Cybulski, Malgorzata Wysocka, Krystian Skubacz, Aneta Michałek, Paweł Urban 2021 Experimental Mine “Barbara”, Central Mining Institute

The Level Of Securing Dust Deposits Against The Possibility Of Coal Dust Explosion In The Drilled Dog Headings, Bogdan Malich, Krzysztof Cybulski, Malgorzata Wysocka, Krystian Skubacz, Aneta Michałek, Paweł Urban

Journal of Sustainable Mining

The article presents the analysis how the actual coal dust explosion hazard is at the distance of the initial 200 metres of the safety zone maintained along the entire length of driven inclined drift II – face 567 in BRZESZCZE colliery, which was used during realization of the project titled Modelling of the mechanism of explosive coal dust deposition in the vicinity of mined faces in terms of identification, assessment and levelling the possibility of its explosion financed by the National Centre for Research and Development. The mine dust level was between 0.014 kg/m3 and 0.193 kg ...


Blast-Induced Noise Level Prediction Model Based On Brain Inspired Emotional Neural Network, Victor Amoako Temeng, Yao Yevenyo Ziggah, Clement Kweku Arthur 2021 University of Mines and Technology, Department of Mining Engineering, Tarkwa

Blast-Induced Noise Level Prediction Model Based On Brain Inspired Emotional Neural Network, Victor Amoako Temeng, Yao Yevenyo Ziggah, Clement Kweku Arthur

Journal of Sustainable Mining

Although a major portion of the emitted energy from mine blast is sub-audible (lower frequency), there exist a component that is audible (high frequencies from 20 Hz to 20 KHz) and as such within the range of human hearing as noise. Unlike blast air overpressure (low frequency occurrence), noise prediction from mine blasting has received little scholarly attention in mining sciences. Noise from mine blast is considered a major detrimental blasting effect and can be a menace to nearby residents and workers in the mine. In this paper, a blast-induced noise level prediction model based on Brain Inspired Emotional Neural ...


The Influence Of Pressure Drop On Gas Emissions From A Mining Shaft – An Overview, Paweł Wrona, Zenon Różański, Grzegorz Pach, Adam Niewiadomski, Tomasz Suponik 2021 Silesian University of Technology

The Influence Of Pressure Drop On Gas Emissions From A Mining Shaft – An Overview, Paweł Wrona, Zenon Różański, Grzegorz Pach, Adam Niewiadomski, Tomasz Suponik

Journal of Sustainable Mining

Climate change can make an impact on the mining sector and post-mining sites. Among others, extreme weather events are connected with sudden and deep pressure drops which lead to gas emissions from an underground space to the surface through closed shafts. The tests undertaken in the frameworks of TEXMIN project lead to get measuring data of this phenomenon and will allow validating numerical models for further forecasts and mitigation means. Three examples of the results were presented. They showed that the intensity of pressure drop influences strongly on gas emissions from a closed shaft. Although the pressure drop process should ...


Acknowledge Of Reviewers, 2021 Central Mining Institute

Acknowledge Of Reviewers

Journal of Sustainable Mining

No abstract provided.


Laboratory Determination Of Coal Dust Cleaning Efficacy Of A Fibrous Filter For Flooded-Bed Dust Scrubber, Neeraj Gupta, Ashish Ranjan Kumar, Steven Schafrik 2021 University of Kentucky

Laboratory Determination Of Coal Dust Cleaning Efficacy Of A Fibrous Filter For Flooded-Bed Dust Scrubber, Neeraj Gupta, Ashish Ranjan Kumar, Steven Schafrik

Mining Engineering Faculty Publications

Fibrous-type dust filters are used in flooded-bed dust scrubbers to capture dust from underground room and pillar mining atmospheres. They have 10–30 layers of finely woven strands that trap particles through the interception and impaction process. A full-cone water spray is installed upstream of the filter, which floods the screen. A scrubber’s efficacy is usually measured and reported in terms of reduction in gravimetric dust concentration at a known location in a mine. This paper reports the particle-size-dependent dust removal efficiency of a fibrous filter obtained from an instrumented test-set up. A variable frequency drive and an inline ...


Die Entstehung Der Steinkohle Und Verwandter Bildungen Einschliesslich Des Petroleums, Henry Potonié 2021 Livre de Lyon

Die Entstehung Der Steinkohle Und Verwandter Bildungen Einschliesslich Des Petroleums, Henry Potonié

Engineering Sciences

No abstract provided.


The Acoustic Camera As A Tool To Identify Belt Conveyor Noises, Piotr Bortnowski, Anna Nowak-Szpak, Maksymilian Ozdoba, Robert Król 2021 Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geoengineering, Mining and Geology, Department of Mining and Geodesy, Na Grobli 15, 50-421, Wroclaw, Poland

The Acoustic Camera As A Tool To Identify Belt Conveyor Noises, Piotr Bortnowski, Anna Nowak-Szpak, Maksymilian Ozdoba, Robert Król

Journal of Sustainable Mining

This paper explores the possibilities of using an acoustic camera as a tool that allows the verification of the correct construction and operation of individual elements of a belt conveyor. Based on the simultaneously recorded components - a video camera and measuring microphones, the sound pressure level map of the belt conveyor was created. The tests were carried out in laboratory conditions and covered the location and identification of individual noise sources. The verification consists not only of searching for dominant sound sources, but above all, of searching for frequencies in the analysed spectrum that should not occur during their proper ...


Optimization Of The Distribution Of Drilling Boreholes In Methane Production From Coal Seams, Anna Wątor, Jarosław Chećko, Tomasz Urych 2021 Central Mining Institute, Katowice, Poland

Optimization Of The Distribution Of Drilling Boreholes In Methane Production From Coal Seams, Anna Wątor, Jarosław Chećko, Tomasz Urych

Journal of Sustainable Mining

The paper presents an evaluation of methane production from coal seams. The Warszowice-PawłowicePółnoc deposit was selected for numerical modelling of methane production. The numerical model was made for a fragment of this deposit of about 2 km2. The numerical model was constructed for 6 seams. Three deposits were selected for simulation of methane production. Three horizontal boreholes were designed within the model area, referring to the existing Suszec-19 borehole. A number of simulations related to methane production from the selected deposits were performed. They included different variants of the number of boreholes and also took into account the z-pinnate ...


A Systematic Review Of The Use Of Environmental Economics In The Mining Industry, Maria Menegaki, Dimitris Damigos 2021 National Technical University of Athens

A Systematic Review Of The Use Of Environmental Economics In The Mining Industry, Maria Menegaki, Dimitris Damigos

Journal of Sustainable Mining

Environmental economics is increasingly being used in project appraisals, environmental liability estimates and design of market-based instruments. Mining, an actor capable of causing adverse effects on the environment, human health and well-being, has already been affected by these developments, at a great extent. Up to date, several research studies have been carried out to monetise the externalities of mining projects. Nevertheless, a systematic review of these publications has not been carried out, yet. This paper aims to fill this gap in the literature by investigating (i) the main non-market valuation techniques used; (ii) the main external costs or benefits of ...


Covid-19: A Spectio-Temporal Analysis Of Air Quality Status In Coking Coalfields Of India Due To Nationwide Lockdown In India, Amarjeet Singh Mr., Gurdeep Singh Dr. 2021 Indian School of Mines

Covid-19: A Spectio-Temporal Analysis Of Air Quality Status In Coking Coalfields Of India Due To Nationwide Lockdown In India, Amarjeet Singh Mr., Gurdeep Singh Dr.

Journal of Sustainable Mining

A novel infectious corona virus disease (COVID-19) was identified in month of December 2019.It has now been announced as a worldwide pandemic by the World Health Organization [1]. The COVID-19 pandemic has positive impacts on the environmental pollutants. In present work, Coalfield areas of Jharia Coalfields (JCF), India have been taken as a case study to evaluate the effect of lockdown on air quality at 10 locations. This study had been selected to estimate the reduction in concentration of pollutants like PM10, PM2.5, SO2, and NOx during 3 Seasons (summer, Post-Monsoon and winter season) in ...


Evaluation Of Undeveloped Hard Coal Deposits And Estimation Of Hard Coal Reserves In The Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Poland, Tomasz Urych, Jarosław Chećko, Marek Rosa, Anna Wątor 2021 Central Mining Institute, Katowice, Poland

Evaluation Of Undeveloped Hard Coal Deposits And Estimation Of Hard Coal Reserves In The Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Poland, Tomasz Urych, Jarosław Chećko, Marek Rosa, Anna Wątor

Journal of Sustainable Mining

The article presents the results of works concerning evaluation of undeveloped deposits in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin and an estimation of hard coal reserves which can be developed by 2050. Evaluation of hard coal deposits was established on criterions choice and their score determination. On the basis of obtained the final score and after consultations with experts in the field of hard coal mining, there were selected three areas of undeveloped deposits with the amount of about 1.99 Gt (billion metric tons) of anticipated economic resources which can extend the coal reserve base located in the direct vicinity ...


A Generalized Bayesian Approach For Localizing Static Natural Obstacles On Unpaved Roads, Yoshito Kinoshita, Josiah Steckenrider, Ioannis Papakis, Tomonari Furukawa 2020 Komatsu

A Generalized Bayesian Approach For Localizing Static Natural Obstacles On Unpaved Roads, Yoshito Kinoshita, Josiah Steckenrider, Ioannis Papakis, Tomonari Furukawa

West Point Research Papers

This paper presents an approach that implements sensor fusion and recursive Bayesian estimation (RBE) to improve a vehicle's ability to perform obstacle detection and localization in unpaved road environments. The proposed approach utilizes RADAR, LiDAR and stereovision fully for sensor fusion to detect and localize static natural obstacles. Each sensor is characterized by a probabilistic sensor model which quantifies level of confidence (LOC) and probability of detection (POD) associatively. Deploying these sensor models enables the fusion of heterogeneous sensors without extensive formulations and with the incorporation of each sensor's strengths. An Extended Kalman filter (EKF) is formulated and ...


Use Of Image Processing Algorithms For Mine Originating Waste Grain Size Determination, Sebastian Iwaszenko 2020 Central Mining Institute

Use Of Image Processing Algorithms For Mine Originating Waste Grain Size Determination, Sebastian Iwaszenko

Journal of Sustainable Mining

The utilization of mineral wastes from the mining industry is one of most challenging phases in the raw materials life cycle. In many countries, there are piles of mineral waste materials that date back to the previous century. There is also a constant stream of accompanying mineral matter excavated during everyday mine operation. This stream of waste matter is particularly notable for deep coal mining. Grain size composition of waste mineral matter is one of most important characteristics of coal originating waste material. This paper presents the use of image analysis for the determination of grain size composition of mineral ...


Optimum Location Of Last-Mined Stope With The Influence Of Backfilling, Huawei Xu, Derek B. Apel 2020 University of Alberta

Optimum Location Of Last-Mined Stope With The Influence Of Backfilling, Huawei Xu, Derek B. Apel

Journal of Sustainable Mining

Many mines in Canada have adopted sublevel stoping method or one of its variations, such as blasthole stoping (BHS) and sublevel longhole retreat (SLR), for the extraction of steeply dipping orebodies. Stope, as the basic excavated element, plays a significant role in the whole process of mining activity. In the mining method of BHS, crossing cuts are excavated at tops and bottoms in each stope for drilling blast holes and transportation of mined out orebodies. Crossing cuts failure may result in prolonged production interruption, fatality, and equipment loss. After the completion of orebodies excavation from the sublevel open stope, the ...


Geochemistry, Petrology, And Palynology Of The Princess No. 3 Coal, Greenup County, Kentucky, Madison M. Hood, Cortland F. Eble, James C. Hower, Shifeng Dai 2020 University of Kentucky

Geochemistry, Petrology, And Palynology Of The Princess No. 3 Coal, Greenup County, Kentucky, Madison M. Hood, Cortland F. Eble, James C. Hower, Shifeng Dai

Center for Applied Energy Research Faculty Publications

The high volatile C bituminous-rank, Bolsovian-age Princess No. 3 coal, a correlative of the heavily-mined Hazard No. 7 coal and the Peach Orchard and Coalburg Lower Split coals, was investigated three sites at a mine in Greenup County, Kentucky. The coal exhibits a “dulling upwards” trend, with decreasing vitrinite and a greater tendency towards dull clarain and bone lithotypes towards the top of the coal. The relatively vitrinite-rich basal lithotype is marked by a dominance of lycopod tree spores. The palynology transitions upwards to a middle parting co-dominated by tree fern and small lycopod spores and an upper bench dominated ...


Version 2 Ozone Monitoring Instrument So2 Product (Omso2 V2): New Anthropogenic So2 Vertical Column Density Dataset, Can Li, Nickolay A. Krotkov, Peter J.T. Leonard, Simon Carn, Joanna Joiner, Robert J.D. Spurr, Alexander Vasilkov 2020 University of Maryland

Version 2 Ozone Monitoring Instrument So2 Product (Omso2 V2): New Anthropogenic So2 Vertical Column Density Dataset, Can Li, Nickolay A. Krotkov, Peter J.T. Leonard, Simon Carn, Joanna Joiner, Robert J.D. Spurr, Alexander Vasilkov

Michigan Tech Publications

The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) has been providing global observations of SO2 pollution since 2004. Here we introduce the new anthropogenic SO2 vertical column density (VCD) dataset in the version 2 OMI SO2 product (OMSO2 V2). As with the previous version (OMSO2 V1.3), the new dataset is generated with an algorithm based on principal component analysis of OMI radiances but features several updates. The most important among those is the use of expanded lookup tables and model a priori profiles to estimate SO2 Jacobians for individual OMI pixels, in order to better characterize pixel-to-pixel variations in SO2 sensitivity including ...


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