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Effects Of A Wi-Fi Link On The Performance Of A Path Following Autonomous Ground Vehicle, Anthony Iwejuo, Austin Cagle, Billy Kihei, Ph.D. 2024 Kennesaw State University

Effects Of A Wi-Fi Link On The Performance Of A Path Following Autonomous Ground Vehicle, Anthony Iwejuo, Austin Cagle, Billy Kihei, Ph.D.

Symposium of Student Scholars

As vehicles become more automated and connected, the future of safe and efficient travel will be dependent on efficient wireless networks. Artificial intelligence (AI) demands high power resources and computing resources that can be resource-intensive for mobile robotic systems. A new paradigm involving the remote computing of A.I. can enable robotics that are built lighter and more power efficient. In this study, we compare a locally run artificial intelligence algorithm for autonomous ground vehicle navigation against remote computation through various wireless links to highlight the need for low-latency access to remote computing resources over Wi-Fi network calls. Our findings show …


Redesign Of Leg Assembly For Remote Walking Training Device To Improve Gait Kinematics, Jacob Anthony 2024 University of Texas at Tyler

Redesign Of Leg Assembly For Remote Walking Training Device To Improve Gait Kinematics, Jacob Anthony

Mechanical Engineering Theses

As modern medicine has improved, the average age of patients has increased. This has cause a growing number of patients to develop disabilities over time due to spinal cord injuries and stroke among other neurological ailments. This has led to an increased interest in developing robotic exoskeletons to help patients with neuromuscular rehabilitation. However, most exoskeletons do not accurately replicate the natural human gait kinematics due to a lack of degrees of freedom at the designed knee joint. In this thesis, the leg assembly for a robotic rehabilitation (RoboREHAB) device is redesigned to improve the gait kinematics and a reinforcement …


Advective And Diffusive Gas Phase Transport In Vadose Zones: Importance For Defining Vapour Risks And Natural Source Zone Depletion Of Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Kaveh Sookhak Lari, Greg B. Davis, John L. Rayner, Trevor P. Bastow 2024 Edith Cowan University

Advective And Diffusive Gas Phase Transport In Vadose Zones: Importance For Defining Vapour Risks And Natural Source Zone Depletion Of Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Kaveh Sookhak Lari, Greg B. Davis, John L. Rayner, Trevor P. Bastow

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Quantifying the interlinked behaviour of the soil microbiome, fluid flow, multi-component transport and partitioning, and biodegradation is key to characterising vapour risks and natural source zone depletion (NSZD) of light non-aqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) petroleum hydrocarbons. Critical to vapour transport and NSZD is transport of gases through the vadose zone (oxygen from the atmosphere, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), methane and carbon dioxide from the zone of LNAPL biodegradation). Volatilisation of VOCs from LNAPL, aerobic biodegradation, methanogenesis and heat production all generate gas pressure changes that may lead to enhanced gas fluxes apart from diffusion. Despite the importance of the gaseous …


Mosaic Swarm Robotics: Emulating Natural Collective Behaviors For Efficient Task Execution With Custom Mobile Robots, Jonathan Ridley, Arielle Charles, Charles Koduru, Muhammad Hassan Tanveer, Razvan Voicu 2024 Kennesaw State University

Mosaic Swarm Robotics: Emulating Natural Collective Behaviors For Efficient Task Execution With Custom Mobile Robots, Jonathan Ridley, Arielle Charles, Charles Koduru, Muhammad Hassan Tanveer, Razvan Voicu

Symposium of Student Scholars

Mosaics, as an artistic expression, involves the meticulous arrangement of diverse tiles to form a unified composition. Drawing inspiration from this concept, the field of swarm robotics seeks to emulate nature’s collective behaviors observed in ant colonies, fish schools, and bird flocks, employing multiple agents to accomplish tasks efficiently. Our research explores the concept of mosaic swarm robotics, where numerous nodes with specialized functions are deployed across various domains, including applications for outdoor data capture and environment mapping. We utilized custom mobile robots operated by Raspberry Pi microcontrollers. By establishing an elaborate web of client-to-client communications to enable true localized …


Evaluating The Health Benefits And Cost-Effectiveness Of Dental Sealant Reapplication Among Children And Adolescents, Pritam Deb, Jayden Ayash, Christina Scherrer 2024 Kennesaw State University

Evaluating The Health Benefits And Cost-Effectiveness Of Dental Sealant Reapplication Among Children And Adolescents, Pritam Deb, Jayden Ayash, Christina Scherrer

Symposium of Student Scholars

Dental caries, commonly known as cavities, persist as a prevalent chronic disease among children. Dental sealants, which are transparent coatings applied to the molars, have been proven to prevent over 80% of caries in these teeth. However, the effectiveness of sealants diminishes over time, primarily due to their potential to detach shortly after application due to inadequate bonding, or else gradually over time. Notably, dental insurance coverage for resealing teeth after the initial sealant has been lost varies widely, with many policies only covering the cost of the initial application. This study employs a Markov model-based discrete event simulation to …


Influence Of Al2o3 Passivation Layer Thickness On The Thermal Stability And Quality Of Mocvd-Grown Gan On Si, S M Atiqur Rahman, Manika Tun Nafisa, Zhe Chuan Feng, Benjamin Klein, Ian T. Ferguson 2024 Kennesaw State University

Influence Of Al2o3 Passivation Layer Thickness On The Thermal Stability And Quality Of Mocvd-Grown Gan On Si, S M Atiqur Rahman, Manika Tun Nafisa, Zhe Chuan Feng, Benjamin Klein, Ian T. Ferguson

Symposium of Student Scholars

This research delves into the significant impact of varying thicknesses of the Al2O3 passivation layer on the thermal stability and crystalline quality of GaN on Si structures, an essential aspect for the next generation of high-temperature electronic and optoelectronic devices. By adopting metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) for the growth process, we analyzed structures with different Al2O3 passivation layer thicknesses: none, 2 nm, 10 nm, and 20 nm, each built upon the GaN layer. Through Raman spectroscopy, we meticulously assessed the changes in the E2 (High) phonon mode's peak position and full width …


Computer Security Lab Experiment, Orit D. Gruber, Herbert Schanker 2024 CUNY College of Staten Island

Computer Security Lab Experiment, Orit D. Gruber, Herbert Schanker

Open Educational Resources

This is a basic experiment for all students of all majors to explore Computer Security. Each instruction included in this experiment is conducted online via a Web Browser; Firefox or Chrome is recommended. Software does not need to be downloaded nor installed. The step by step instructions in this experiment include interactive questions and observations which are then included in the (student's) final report.


Fitness For Service (Ffs) And Fatigue Assessment For Shell Distorted Steel Storage Tank Based On Api 579-1/Asme Ffs-1, Wira Herucakra Sr. Structure Engineer, Luh Putri Adyani, IC Farid Hadi Prasetyo, Alviani Rahma Rizkhita 2024 PT. Dinamika Teknik Persada

Fitness For Service (Ffs) And Fatigue Assessment For Shell Distorted Steel Storage Tank Based On Api 579-1/Asme Ffs-1, Wira Herucakra Sr. Structure Engineer, Luh Putri Adyani, Ic Farid Hadi Prasetyo, Alviani Rahma Rizkhita

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings

A shell distortion was occurred due to incorrect in the welding procedure during construction of a new built above ground steel storage tank. The assessment level 1 then performed referred to original construction code of API Standard 650 was performed, the roundness data of tank plate was obtained through to laser scanning survey, and the result on assessment level 1 known that the minimum radius of measured point is exceeding the radius tolerance. This unacceptable condition of assessment level 1 requires to be performed the higher level of assessment. A fitness for service assessment level 3 for tank 1000 KL …


Development Of 485 Mpa Class High Strength Low Alloy Steel For Power Plant Infrastructures, Agung Baskoro, Rini Riastuti 2024 Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, 16424, Indonesia

Development Of 485 Mpa Class High Strength Low Alloy Steel For Power Plant Infrastructures, Agung Baskoro, Rini Riastuti

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings

Currently, Indonesia is progressing to build 35,000 MW of power plants, which will increase the demand for materials, especially steel. One of these power plants is fossil fuel-based, which generates not only electricity but also flue gas containing sulfur that may cause corrosion to power plant infrastructure such as chimney or boiler areas. In addition, apart from being resistant to corrosion in sulfuric and hydrochloric acid conditions, the steel used in power plant infrastructure must also have good strength, toughness, and weldability. Therefore, the present paper describes about steel development for power plant applications that has not only corrosion resistance …


Effects Of Ti Addition On The Characteristics Of Al-10zn-6mg-2si/Zro2 Composites Produced By Squeeze Casting, Qesha Diva Prameshvara, Pipin Indah Lestari, Bondan Tiara Sofyan 2024 Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, 16424, Indonesia

Effects Of Ti Addition On The Characteristics Of Al-10zn-6mg-2si/Zro2 Composites Produced By Squeeze Casting, Qesha Diva Prameshvara, Pipin Indah Lestari, Bondan Tiara Sofyan

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings

Metal matrix composite (MMC) with 7xxx aluminum matrix is potential for ballistic applications due to the combination of strength, toughness, and light weight. Previous study successfully produced aluminum-based composites with SiC particles which were able to stop type III bullet, however cracks remained on back of the plate. Therefore, in this research, SiC was replaced by zirconia (ZrO2) due to its high fracture toughness. Ti-B grain refiner was added to further improve toughness through grain boundary strengthening mechanism. This research developed 5 vol.% ZrO2 strengthened Al-10Zn-6Mg-2Si composite with addition of Al-5Ti-1B grain refiner produced through squeeze casting …


Integration Of The Ashby Technique And Pahl-Beitz Quantitative Ranking For Railway Axle Material Selection, Helya Chafshoh Nafisah, Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah, Siti Norasmah Surip 2024 Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, 16424, Indonesia

Integration Of The Ashby Technique And Pahl-Beitz Quantitative Ranking For Railway Axle Material Selection, Helya Chafshoh Nafisah, Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah, Siti Norasmah Surip

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings

Railway axle serves as a vital connection between the train's wheels and its body. However, cyclic loading and high speed can induce fatigue in railway axle, which potentially leads to damage human safety. Therefore, it is important to find materials that have good mechanical properties with the lowest weight and cost. In this paper, a comprehensive method using Ashby chart has been performed to select candidate materials of railway axle. The methods begin with analyzing function by determining the problem, objective function, and constraints. After that, the results obtained are ranked using Pahl and Beitz quantitative weighting method. The results …


Study On Human Integrity Management System Maturity Level For Supporting Asset Integrity And Process Safety Implementation, Anggiat M. Sihotang, Dedi Priadi, Datu Rizal Asral 2024 Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, 16424, Indonesia

Study On Human Integrity Management System Maturity Level For Supporting Asset Integrity And Process Safety Implementation, Anggiat M. Sihotang, Dedi Priadi, Datu Rizal Asral

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings

The human factors (HF) are recognized as one of critical process safety barriers involved in normal and abnormal conditions in the oil and gas industry. In order to strengthen the HF roles as barriers we need to ensure that the actions generated are based on a valid risk assessment of the operation to be addressed by a relevant human factor analysis. Organizations within the oil and gas process have made much progress in understanding and implementing HF improvement programs. However, organizations are not always clear about what are their current situations in managing HF, their priorities for HF to be …


Analysis Of The Effect Of Different Surface Preparation Methods On Corrosion Resistance And Adhesion Strength Of Astm A36 Steel Substrate With Surface Tolerant Epoxy Paint As Coating Material, Irwan Wijaya Santoso, Daffa Aqila, Rini Riastuti, Rizal Tresna Ramadhani 2024 Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, 16424, Indonesia

Analysis Of The Effect Of Different Surface Preparation Methods On Corrosion Resistance And Adhesion Strength Of Astm A36 Steel Substrate With Surface Tolerant Epoxy Paint As Coating Material, Irwan Wijaya Santoso, Daffa Aqila, Rini Riastuti, Rizal Tresna Ramadhani

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings

In the industrial world, to extend the service life of materials, protection methods are carried out to slow down the material's corrosion rate. The protection method that is often used is the coating method. The coating method is a protection method by coating the substrate material using a coating material to prevent contact between the substrate material and the environment. In this research, the substrate material used is ASTM A36 steel and the coating material used is Surface Tolerant Epoxy paint. The independent variable used in this study lies in the surface preparation method which consists of: solvent cleaning, hand …


Early Age Assessment Of A New Course Of Irish Fly Ash As A Cement Replacement, Niall Holmes Dr., Nikki Shaji, Mark Tyrer 2024 Technological University Dublin

Early Age Assessment Of A New Course Of Irish Fly Ash As A Cement Replacement, Niall Holmes Dr., Nikki Shaji, Mark Tyrer

Articles

This paper explores the potential of a new source of fly ash, deposited on the site of a coalfired power plant in Ireland dating from 1985 to 1995, as a cement replacement material. A series of X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses on binder samples with cement replacement levels of 0, 10, 25 and 35% was undertaken to determine the fly ash’s mineralogical composition and to determine its suitability as a supplemental cementitious material (SCM). The XRD results reveal a unique mineral composition with promising characteristics for enhancing the strength and durability of concrete. The experimental results were used to calibrate a …


Spectral Characterization Of High-Speed Sers Fluctuations, Makayla Schmidt, Emily A. Farley, Marit A. Engevik, Alexandre G. Brolo, Nathan Lemke, Nathan Lindquist 2024 Bethel University

Spectral Characterization Of High-Speed Sers Fluctuations, Makayla Schmidt, Emily A. Farley, Marit A. Engevik, Alexandre G. Brolo, Nathan Lemke, Nathan Lindquist

Science Symposium

The concept of plasmonic “hotspots” is central to the broad field of nanophotonics. In surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), hotspots can increase Raman scattering efficiency by orders of magnitude. Hotspot dimensions may range from a few nanometers down to the atomic scale and are able to generate SERS signals from single molecules. However, these single-molecule SERS signals often show significant fluctuations, and the concept of intense, localized, yet static hotspots has come into question. Recent experiments have shown these SERS intensity fluctuations (SIFs) to occur over an extremely wide range of timescales, from seconds to micro-seconds, due to the various physical …


Effect Of Recommending Users And Opinions On The Network Connectivity And Idea Generation Process, Sriniwas Pandey, Hiroki Sayama 2024 Binghamton University, SUNY

Effect Of Recommending Users And Opinions On The Network Connectivity And Idea Generation Process, Sriniwas Pandey, Hiroki Sayama

Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)

The growing reliance on online services underscores the crucial role of recommendation systems, especially on social media platforms seeking increased user engagement. This study investigates how recommendation systems influence the impact of personal behavioral traits on social network dynamics. It explores the interplay between homophily, users’ openness to novel ideas, and recommendation-driven exposure to new opinions. Additionally, the research examines the impact of recommendation systems on the diversity of newly generated ideas, shedding light on the challenges and opportunities in designing effective systems that balance the exploration of new ideas with the risk of reinforcing biases or filtering valuable, unconventional …


Co-Designing Situated Displays For Family Co-Regulation With Adhd Children, Lucas M. Silva, Franceli L. Cibrian, Clarisse Bonang, Arpita Bhattacharya, Aehong Min, Elissa M. Monteiro, Jesus A. Beltran, Sabrina E. B. Schuck, Kimberley D. Lakes, Gillian R. Hayes, Daniel A. Epstein 2024 University of California, Irvine

Co-Designing Situated Displays For Family Co-Regulation With Adhd Children, Lucas M. Silva, Franceli L. Cibrian, Clarisse Bonang, Arpita Bhattacharya, Aehong Min, Elissa M. Monteiro, Jesus A. Beltran, Sabrina E. B. Schuck, Kimberley D. Lakes, Gillian R. Hayes, Daniel A. Epstein

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Family informatics often uses shared data dashboards to promote awareness of each other’s health-related behaviors. However, these interfaces often stop short of providing families with needed guidance around how to improve family functioning and health behaviors. We consider the needs of family co-regulation with ADHD children to understand how in-home displays can support family well-being. We conducted three co-design sessions with each of eight families with ADHD children who had used a smartwatch for self-tracking. Results indicate that situated displays could nudge families to jointly use their data for learning and skill-building. Accommodating individual needs and preferences when family members …


Chloride Binding Mechanism In Seawater-Mixed Uhpc, Wei Zhang, Dawei Ding, Mengmeng Li, Tiao Wang, Hongyan Ma, Binmeng Chen, Hongxing Hu, Jizhou Chen, Xiaomin Liu, Dongshuai Hou 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Chloride Binding Mechanism In Seawater-Mixed Uhpc, Wei Zhang, Dawei Ding, Mengmeng Li, Tiao Wang, Hongyan Ma, Binmeng Chen, Hongxing Hu, Jizhou Chen, Xiaomin Liu, Dongshuai Hou

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The rapid development of marine concrete structures and the sharp shortage of freshwater resources contribute to the wide investigation of seawater-mixed ultra-high-performance concrete (swuhpc). However, few studies have investigated the chloride ions (cl-) binding mechanism of swuhpc. Herein, the chloride binding experiments and molecular dynamics (md) simulation were carried out to reveal the physically and chemically bound cl- mechanisms of swuhpc. The results of the experiments clearly demonstrate that the addition of silica fume (sf) led to a significant decrease in the capacity of cl- binding. Conversely, the incorporation of metakaolin (mk) resulted in a marked increase in the content …


Imaging Of Structural Timber Based On In Situ Radar And Ultrasonic Wave Measurements: A Review Of The State-Of-The-Art, Narges Pahnabi, Thomas Schumacher, Arijit Sinha 2024 Portland State University

Imaging Of Structural Timber Based On In Situ Radar And Ultrasonic Wave Measurements: A Review Of The State-Of-The-Art, Narges Pahnabi, Thomas Schumacher, Arijit Sinha

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

With the rapidly growing interest in using structural timber, a need exists to inspect and assess these structures using non-destructive testing (NDT). This review article summarizes NDT methods for wood inspection. After an overview of the most important NDT methods currently used, a detailed review of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and Ultrasonic Testing (UST) is presented. These two techniques can be applied in situ and produce useful visual representations for quantitative assessments and damage detection. With its commercial availability and portability, GPR can help rapidly identify critical features such as moisture, voids, and metal connectors in wood structures. UST, which …


Generalized Model To Enable Zero-Shot Imitation Learning For Versatile Robots, Yongshuai Wu 2024 Kennesaw State University

Generalized Model To Enable Zero-Shot Imitation Learning For Versatile Robots, Yongshuai Wu

Master's Theses

The rapid advancement in Deep Learning (DL), especially in Reinforcement Learning (RL) and Imitation Learning (IL), has positioned it as a promising approach for a multitude of autonomous robotic systems. However, the current methodologies are predominantly constrained to singular setups, necessitating substantial data and extensive training periods. Moreover, these methods have exhibited suboptimal performance in tasks requiring long-horizontal maneuvers, such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) inventory, where a robot requires thousands of steps to complete.

In this thesis, we address the aforementioned challenges by presenting the Cross-modal Reasoning Model (CMRM), a novel zero-shot Imitation Learning policy, to tackle long-horizontal robotic …


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