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A Study Of Wings With Constant And Variable Sweep For Aerodynamic Efficiency In Inviscid Flow, Bruno Moorthamers 2022 Utah State University

A Study Of Wings With Constant And Variable Sweep For Aerodynamic Efficiency In Inviscid Flow, Bruno Moorthamers

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Wing sweep has been studied by industry and academia since the pioneering days of aviation for both high-speed and low-speed applications. In transonic and supersonic flight regimes it serves to delay the onset of compressibility effects and decrease wave drag. In subsonic conditions, flying wing designs sweep back the main lifting surface in such a way that it can be used for longitudinal stability and control, to allow for the elimination of a traditional empenage. This is desirable because it can decrease the aerodynamic drag. Sweep can also be seen in nature in the wings of birds and fins of ...


Evaluating Plant Uptake Of 4,4'-Methylenedianiline, Jeff Wight 2022 Utah State University

Evaluating Plant Uptake Of 4,4'-Methylenedianiline, Jeff Wight

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

4,4’-Methylenedianiline (MDA) is an important industrial chemical used primarily in the production of polyurethane. It is toxic and a suspected human carcinogen. Polyurethane is used in a wide variety of applications such as furniture cushioning, coatings, adhesives, sealants, and elastomers. Polyurethane in soil may degrade and release MDA. This is concerning due to some models predicting a high potential for MDA to be taken up by plants and stored in edible tissue, creating a possible route of exposure for humans and animals. In this project, the potential for MDA to be take up by plants was investigated in ...


Improving Flood Inundation And Streamflow Forecasts In Snowmelt Dominated Regions, Irene Garousi-Nejad 2022 Utah State University

Improving Flood Inundation And Streamflow Forecasts In Snowmelt Dominated Regions, Irene Garousi-Nejad

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Much effort has been dedicated to expanding hydrological forecasting capabilities and improving understanding of the continental-scale hydrological modeling used to predict future hydrologic conditions and quantify consequences of climate change. In 2016, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Office of Water Prediction implemented the National Water Model (NWM) to provide nationally consistent, operational hydrologic forecasting capability across the continental U.S. The primary goal of this research was to develop hydrological tools that include modeling of flood inundation mapping and snowmelt contributions to river flow in snowmelt-dominated regions across the Western U.S. This dissertation first presents terrain ...


Thermodynamic Analysis Of A Novel Cycle For Nuclear Smr And Heat Transfer Performance Validation Of The Related Supercritical Working Fluids, Benjamin M. Pepper 2022 Utah State University

Thermodynamic Analysis Of A Novel Cycle For Nuclear Smr And Heat Transfer Performance Validation Of The Related Supercritical Working Fluids, Benjamin M. Pepper

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Currently, all operating nuclear power facilities in the U.S. follow the same general design and process: light-water reactors boil water into steam using bundles of nuclear fuel rods as a heat source, pumping that steam through a turbine which powers a generator to produce clean year-round electricity. Water is an effective coolant, but other facilities around the world have demonstrated the ability to use non-water-based coolants in nuclear reactor designs, which consequently have their own trade-offs. Some positive consequences of using different reactor designs include enhanced safety, better economics, and cheaper clean consumer energy. The work described in this ...


Development And Testing Of Braking And Acceleration Features For Vehicle Advanced Driver Assistance System, Johann Carlo Marasigan, Gian Paolo Mayuga, Elmer R. Magsino 2022 Ateneo de Manila University

Development And Testing Of Braking And Acceleration Features For Vehicle Advanced Driver Assistance System, Johann Carlo Marasigan, Gian Paolo Mayuga, Elmer R. Magsino

Electronics, Computer, and Communications Engineering Faculty Publications

Traffic congestion is a constant problem for cities worldwide. The human driving inefficiency and poor urban planning and development contribute to traffic buildup and travel discomfort. An example of human inefficiency is the phantom traffic jam, which is caused by unnecessary braking, causing traffic to slow down, and eventually coming to a stop. In this study, a brake and acceleration feature (BAF) for the advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) is proposed to mitigate the effects of the phantom traffic phenomenon. In its initial stage, the BAF provides a heads-up display that gives information on how much braking and acceleration input ...


Surface Modified Hybrid Znsno3 Nanocubes For Enhanced Piezoelectric Power Generation And Wireless Sensory Application, Sk Md Ali Zaker Shawon, Zaida D. Carballo, Valeria Suarez Vega, Chen Lin, Muhammad Sufian Rafaqut, Andrew Xu Sun, James Li, Mohammed Jasim Uddin 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Surface Modified Hybrid Znsno3 Nanocubes For Enhanced Piezoelectric Power Generation And Wireless Sensory Application, Sk Md Ali Zaker Shawon, Zaida D. Carballo, Valeria Suarez Vega, Chen Lin, Muhammad Sufian Rafaqut, Andrew Xu Sun, James Li, Mohammed Jasim Uddin

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Piezoelectric Nanogenerators (PENGs), which can convert ambient mechanical stimuli into electrical energy, are held in high regard due to their cost-effectiveness, energy harvesting applications, and potential as self-powered sensors. We report an aluminum-doped zinc stannate (ZnSnO3) PENG that can achieve high electrical outputs with respect to the external force. In order to enrich the piezoelectric mechanics, a low-temperature solution method was adopted in our work to synthesize ZnSnO3 nanocubes with an average side length of only 30 – 55 nm. Furthermore, ZnSnO3 was doped with 1 wt% to 5 wt% of aluminum nanoparticles. We report that 2 wt% of aluminum doped ...


A Self-Referencing Non-Destructive Test Method To Detect Damage In Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks Using Nonlinear Vibration Response Characteristics, Ali Hafiz, Thomas Schumacher, Anis M. Raad 2022 Portland State University

A Self-Referencing Non-Destructive Test Method To Detect Damage In Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks Using Nonlinear Vibration Response Characteristics, Ali Hafiz, Thomas Schumacher, Anis M. Raad

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Several non-destructive test (NDT) methods, namely visual inspection, hammer sounding, chain drag, impulse response testing, impact echo testing, ultrasonic (array) echo testing, and under certain conditions ground penetrating radar (GPR) are currently used to detect and estimate the extent of damage such as delaminations in reinforced concrete bridge decks. In this article, we present a self-referencing NDT method that builds on impulse response (IR) testing to detect damage using nonlinear vibration characteristics. The hypothesis is that for an undamaged deck, varying the impact force applied to a specific test point does not affect the corresponding frequency response function (FRF) for ...


A New Approach For Grasp Quality Calculation Using Continuous Boundary Formulation Of Grasp Wrench Space, Shuwei Qiu, Shuwei Qiu Ph.D., P.Eng. 2022 Western University

A New Approach For Grasp Quality Calculation Using Continuous Boundary Formulation Of Grasp Wrench Space, Shuwei Qiu, Shuwei Qiu Ph.D., P.Eng.

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


Representation Learning For Chemical Activity Predictions, Mohamed S. Ayed 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Representation Learning For Chemical Activity Predictions, Mohamed S. Ayed

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Computational prediction of a phenotypic response upon the chemical perturbation on a biological system plays an important role in drug discovery and many other applications. Chemical fingerprints derived from chemical structures are a widely used feature to build machine learning models. However, the fingerprints ignore the biological context, thus, they suffer from several problems such as the activity cliff and curse of dimensionality. Fundamentally, the chemical modulation of biological activities is a multi-scale process. It is the genome-wide chemical-target interactions that modulate chemical phenotypic responses. Thus, the genome-scale chemical-target interaction profile will more directly correlate with in vitro and in ...


Detailed Velocity And Heat Transfer Measurements In An Advanced Gas Turbine Vane Insert Using Magnetic Resonance Velocimetry And Infrared Thermometry, Michael Benson, David Bindon CDT'19, Mattias Cooper CDT'19, F. Todd Davidson, Benjamin Duhaime CDT'19, David Helmer, Robert Woodings CDT'19, Bret P. Van Poppel, Christopher J. Elkins, John P. Clark 2022 United States Military Academy

Detailed Velocity And Heat Transfer Measurements In An Advanced Gas Turbine Vane Insert Using Magnetic Resonance Velocimetry And Infrared Thermometry, Michael Benson, David Bindon Cdt'19, Mattias Cooper Cdt'19, F. Todd Davidson, Benjamin Duhaime Cdt'19, David Helmer, Robert Woodings Cdt'19, Bret P. Van Poppel, Christopher J. Elkins, John P. Clark

West Point Research Papers

This work reports the results of paired experiments for a complex internal cooling flow within a gas turbine vane using magnetic resonance velocimetry (MRV) and steady-state infrared (IR) thermometry. A scaled model of the leading edge insert for a gas turbine vane with multi-pass impingement was designed, built using stereolithography fabrication methods, and tested using MRV techniques to collect a three-dimensional, three-component velocity field data set for a fully turbulent test case. Stagnation and recirculation zones were identified and assessed in terms of impact on potential cooling performance. A paired experiment employed an IR camera to measure the temperature profile ...


Flexural Strengthening Of Rc Slabs Using Near Surface Mounted Gfrp Bars, Sama Taha 2022 American University in Cairo

Flexural Strengthening Of Rc Slabs Using Near Surface Mounted Gfrp Bars, Sama Taha

Theses and Dissertations

Glass Fiber reinforced polymers (GFRPs) have been recently successfully used to increase reinforced concrete elements' strength. In general, FRPs have many advantages such as resistance to corrosion, and high strength-to-weight ratio. On the other hand, debonding from concrete may constitute a limitation to using GFRP bars; hence the increase in strength of RC elements strengthened using GFRP bars may be limited by this premature debonding failure mechanism.

This study aims to investigate the strengthening effect of GFRP bars on the capacity of RC slabs when subject to flexure loading. The work studies the use of different bonding lengths, diameters and ...


Strengthening Of Long Rc Columns Using Near Surface Mounted Gfrp Bars, Ahmed Romaih 2022 American University in Cairo

Strengthening Of Long Rc Columns Using Near Surface Mounted Gfrp Bars, Ahmed Romaih

Theses and Dissertations

Many of the existing reinforced concrete (RC) columns are deficient because of numerous reasons such as increase in service loads, deterioration due to environmental attacks, errors in the design and/or construction phase or in the worst case, accidents. These elements require strengthening or repair. Different methods have been developed over the years for solving different rehabilitation problems. Recently, advanced composites used for external bonding in the form of fabrics or laminates have become an accepted method. The use of Fibre-Reinforced Polymers (FRPs) in this process is a promising technology, especially that these materials are corrosion-free. One of the new ...


Heteroaggregation Of Lignin-Zein Nanoparticles: Effects Of Relative Size And Concentration, Yada Chulakham 2022 Louisiana State University

Heteroaggregation Of Lignin-Zein Nanoparticles: Effects Of Relative Size And Concentration, Yada Chulakham

LSU Master's Theses

Nanotechnology has become an advanced tool for manufacturing materials of the future. As the size of a material is reduced to a nanoscale, its surface area to volume ratio increases drastically, and its surface property becomes size dependent. This allows scientists to make use of unique properties that nanomaterials have to offer to create novel materials that otherwise could not have been achieved in meter-scale materials. As more industrial companies have planned to incorporate different types of nanomaterials into their products, it is undeniable that some of these nanomaterials will be released to the environment. Such possibility has led to ...


Iot-Fog-Edge-Cloud Computing Simulation Tools, A Systematic Review, ABHILASH PATI, Manoranjan Parhi, Binod Kumar Pattanayak 2022 Siksha 'O' Anusandhan (Deemed to be University)

Iot-Fog-Edge-Cloud Computing Simulation Tools, A Systematic Review, Abhilash Pati, Manoranjan Parhi, Binod Kumar Pattanayak

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

The Internet of Things (IoT) perspective promises substantial advancements in sectors such as smart homes and infrastructure, smart health, smart environmental conditions, smart cities, energy, transportation and mobility, manufacturing and retail, farming, and so on. Cloud computing (CC) offers appealing computational and storage options; nevertheless, cloud-based explanations are frequently conveyed by downsides and constraints, such as energy consumption, latency, privacy, and bandwidth. To address the shortcomings related to CC, the advancements like Fog Computing (FC) and Edge Computing (EC) are introduced later on. FC is a novel and developing technology that connects the cloud to the network edges, allowing for ...


A Comprehensive Evaluation Of Wastewater Grit Characteristics And Its Application In The Design Of A Facility-Specific Grit Removal Solution, Tetiana Kolsovska 2022 Rowan University

A Comprehensive Evaluation Of Wastewater Grit Characteristics And Its Application In The Design Of A Facility-Specific Grit Removal Solution, Tetiana Kolsovska

Theses and Dissertations

Tailored solutions for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are becoming more prevalent for optimization of treatment process, based on the unique quality of the influent received by each facility. In-depth evaluation of the influent properties is necessary for design of the most appropriate treatment system. In this study, wastewater grit was evaluated in terms of its quantity, particle size distribution, total organic carbon (TOC) content, including fats, oils, and grease (FOG), and settling velocity of the particles, over the course of one year at the headworks, collection network, and through the treatment stages of the Atlantic County Utilities Authority (ACUA) WWTP ...


Therapeutic Treatment With The Anti-Inflammatory Drug Candidate Mw151 May Partially Reduce Memory Impairment And Normalizes Hippocampal Metabolic Markers In A Mouse Model Of Comorbid Amyloid And Vascular Pathology, David J. Braun, David K. Powell, Christopher J. McLouth, Saktimayee M. Roy, D. Martin Watterson, Linda J. Van Eldik 2022 University of Kentucky

Therapeutic Treatment With The Anti-Inflammatory Drug Candidate Mw151 May Partially Reduce Memory Impairment And Normalizes Hippocampal Metabolic Markers In A Mouse Model Of Comorbid Amyloid And Vascular Pathology, David J. Braun, David K. Powell, Christopher J. Mclouth, Saktimayee M. Roy, D. Martin Watterson, Linda J. Van Eldik

Neuroscience Faculty Publications

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia in the elderly, but therapeutic options are lacking. Despite long being able to effectively treat the ill-effects of pathology present in various rodent models of AD, translation of these strategies to the clinic has so far been disappointing. One potential contributor to this situation is the fact that the vast majority of AD patients have other dementia-contributing comorbid pathologies, the most common of which are vascular in nature. This situation is modeled relatively infrequently in basic AD research, and almost never in preclinical studies. As part of our efforts to ...


Influence Of Pinholes On Water Vapor And Oxygen Permeation Of Packaging Foil And Films, Petri Johansson, Johanna Lahti, Jurkka Kuusipalo 2022 Tampere University

Influence Of Pinholes On Water Vapor And Oxygen Permeation Of Packaging Foil And Films, Petri Johansson, Johanna Lahti, Jurkka Kuusipalo

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Controlling of moisture and oxygen permeation through the packaging material is essential in most packaging applications. With multilayer structures of different barrier materials, there is possibility to create desired barrier properties to the package. The challenge is to plan appropriate barrier level, e.g. WVTR and OTR, theoretically to the package before producing the package. Furthermore, in specific packages there is a need to control the permeation e.g. respiration in vegetable packages. Typically foils and polymer films have high barrier properties, therefore, permeation can be controlled by producing artificial pinholes in these kinds of packages.

Influence of artificial pinholes ...


Strategic Energy Master Planning For Carbon Neutrality, Marie Patterson 2022 California State University, Chico

Strategic Energy Master Planning For Carbon Neutrality, Marie Patterson

The CSU Journal of Sustainability and Climate Change

Universities across the United States are generating goals to be more sustainable and carbon neutral. The energy used in existing buildings on campuses amount to a large volume of greenhouse emissions and must be reduced to help achieve neutrality goals. Strategic Energy Master Plans are instrumental to support these goals through the development of recommendations to reduce energy. Calculating the energy use intensity for existing buildings, a main component of a Strategic Energy Master Plan, can help the campus understand where energy is being used the most. With this information the highest energy consuming buildings can be the focus of ...


Qualitative Findings From The Practice Of Outsourcing By The Aviation Technical Services Industry In Northern Europe: Comparison With Literature, Jukka Holkeri 2022 Aalto University

Qualitative Findings From The Practice Of Outsourcing By The Aviation Technical Services Industry In Northern Europe: Comparison With Literature, Jukka Holkeri

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

The outsourcing of maintenance and other technical services is a trend in both military and civil aviation. This article uses input from real outsourcing cases in Northern Europe to verify previous literature findings and to introduce new viewpoints to fill an identified research gap.

Interviews of deeply involved individuals from six cases were selected and analyzed using the Delphi method. The findings were synthesized using a framework that articulates contexts, observed outcomes, and generative mechanisms.

Many of the key literature findings were verified by this case analysis, but there were also some contradictions and new observations that had not been ...


Osm-Gan: Using Generative Adversarial Networks For Detecting Change In High-Resolution Spatial Images, James Carswell 2022 Technological University Dublin

Osm-Gan: Using Generative Adversarial Networks For Detecting Change In High-Resolution Spatial Images, James Carswell

Articles

Detecting changes to built environment objects such as buildings/roads/etc. in aerial/satellite (spatial) imagery is necessary to keep online maps and various value-added LBS applications up-to-date. However, recognising such changes automatically is not a trivial task, and there are many different approaches to this problem in the literature. This paper proposes an automated end-to-end workflow to address this problem by combining OpenStreetMap (OSM) vectors of building footprints with a machine learning Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) model - where two neural networks compete to become more accurate at predicting changes to building objects in spatial imagery. Notably, our proposed OSM-GAN ...


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