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Polyethersulfone Thin-Film Nanocomposite Membrane Embedded With Amine-Functionalized Graphene Oxide For Desalination Applications, Ahmed Bahaeldin 2023 American University in Cairo

Polyethersulfone Thin-Film Nanocomposite Membrane Embedded With Amine-Functionalized Graphene Oxide For Desalination Applications, Ahmed Bahaeldin

Theses and Dissertations

Thin-film nanocomposite (TFN) desalination membranes were prepared based on a polyethersulfone (PES) support, where the polyamide (PA) layer was embedded with amine-functionalized graphene oxide (GO). The effect of adding various concentrations of functionalized and un-functionalized GO on the desalination performance, hydrophilicity, and morphology of the membranes was additionally assessed throughout this work. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements were used to assess the morphology of the membranes in combination with Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. Contact angle measurements were used to gauge the hydrophilicity of the synthesized membranes. The membrane with the best desalination performance contained 1x10-3 wt/vol% of functionalized GO in …


Potential Of Biduri Fiber (Calotropis Gigantea) As Material For Oil Spill Absorbent, Anne Sukmawati, Wulan Septiani 2023 Balai Besar Tekstil

Potential Of Biduri Fiber (Calotropis Gigantea) As Material For Oil Spill Absorbent, Anne Sukmawati, Wulan Septiani

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Biduri fiber (Calotropis gigantea) is a natural hollow fiber with hydrophobic and oleophilic properties potentially used as oil spilled sorbent from seawater. This study aims to determine the absorption capacity and efficiency of the Biduri fiber and membrane to fuel oil. Measurement of oil absorption to seawater was carried out at various fiber weights (0.5-1.5 g), fiber composition (50-95%), contact time (10-90 minutes), temperature (30 and 50°C), and compared with commercial products. The results showed that the fiber weight variation of 0.5-1.5 g has an average absorption efficiency of 96.67%, and the highest absorption was obtained in a weight of …


The Effect Of Graphite And Activated Carbon As Dispersed Particle In Base Fluid As Quench Medium On The Hardness Of S45c Carbon Steel, Wahyuaji Narottama Putra, Danika Aprilia Somadinata, Ghiska Ramahdita 2023 Universitas Indonesia

The Effect Of Graphite And Activated Carbon As Dispersed Particle In Base Fluid As Quench Medium On The Hardness Of S45c Carbon Steel, Wahyuaji Narottama Putra, Danika Aprilia Somadinata, Ghiska Ramahdita

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Adding a solid particle dispersion into a base fluid could increase its thermal conductivity, hence increasing the heat transfer characteristics. One example of this thermally enhanced fluid is in heat treatment industry as quench medium. By controlling the amount of the dispersed particle, the cooling rate of the quench medium can be altered, and could affect steel hardness after heat treatment. In this research, the dispersed particle used was commercially available graphite and activated carbon particle. As for the base fluid, distilled water and common engine oil were compared. The concentration of the dispersed particle was 0.1, 0.3, 0.5 weight …


Development Of Battery Materials To Function As Corrosion Protection On Car Body Plates, Tubagus Noor Rohmannudin, Sulistijono Sulistijono, Noval Adrinanda, Faridz Wira Dharma, Samuel Areliano 2023 Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

Development Of Battery Materials To Function As Corrosion Protection On Car Body Plates, Tubagus Noor Rohmannudin, Sulistijono Sulistijono, Noval Adrinanda, Faridz Wira Dharma, Samuel Areliano

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Most car bodies made for mass production are made from steel or aluminum. Both are strong metals, but steel is cheaper than aluminum and is more commonly used in lower-end cars for a broader consumer range. The weakness of steel compared to aluminum is that it is susceptible to corrosion under certain conditions, and thus it may deteriorate over time without proper care. To prevent corrosion, modern cars are coated with paint to prevent direct contact with the environment. As a second line of protection, a car battery can be connected to the body to create an impressed current cathodic …


Effect Of Austenization And Repeated Quenching On The Microstructures And Mechanical Properties Of Wear-Resistant Steel, Yanuar Nugraha, Myrna Ariati Mochtar 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Effect Of Austenization And Repeated Quenching On The Microstructures And Mechanical Properties Of Wear-Resistant Steel, Yanuar Nugraha, Myrna Ariati Mochtar

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

This study was focused on determining the effect of repeated austenitization and quenching on mechanical properties and microstructure. The experiment was carried out in a rolled quencher facility with a heat treatment process of one to two times, with parameters of an austenizing temperature of 9500C and quenching at a temperature of 8500C with pressurized water media. Testing of specimens, including microstructure observations and hardness testing. The repeated heat treatment process showed an increase in hardness of 0.79% on one-time repeated heat treatment and 1.65% on two repeated heat treatments. This occurs due to the presence accompanied by refinement of …


Freespan Analysis For Subsea Pipeline Integrity Management Strategy, Nurul Hadi, Muhammad Helmi, Edo Cathaputra, Dedi Priadi, Donanta Dhaneswara 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Freespan Analysis For Subsea Pipeline Integrity Management Strategy, Nurul Hadi, Muhammad Helmi, Edo Cathaputra, Dedi Priadi, Donanta Dhaneswara

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Abstract. Over a rough seabed or on seabed subject to scour, freespans can occur when contact between a subsea pipeline and the seabed is lost over an acceptable distance. When this exceeds the allowable freespan length, design stresses can be exceeded, and a vortex induced vibration (VIV) response can be initiated, resulting in the risk of fatigue failure. If this is not predicted and controlled properly, it will affect pipeline integrity, leading to expensive rectification and intervention work. Freespan analysis consisted primarily of a screening check in which the as-found freespans from Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) or multibeam Side …


Structural Integrity Analysis Of The Rig Mast Following Repair Of Two Diagonal Braces In The Upper Mast Section, Rendhatya Padmodwiputra, Johny Wahyuadi Soedarsono, Mirza Mahendra, Bambang Eka Satria, Chandra Arif, Eka Juni Suarthana 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Structural Integrity Analysis Of The Rig Mast Following Repair Of Two Diagonal Braces In The Upper Mast Section, Rendhatya Padmodwiputra, Johny Wahyuadi Soedarsono, Mirza Mahendra, Bambang Eka Satria, Chandra Arif, Eka Juni Suarthana

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

During a move to the new drilling location, two braces of the upper mast section on a 550 HP oil and gas rig was damaged. When damage is discovered, the rig operating company should conduct a risk analysis related to the damage using the standard used to determine rejection criteria and follow-up repairs. The strength of the rig mast is calculated using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) with initial conditions (before damage occurs) where all braces are installed and extreme conditions where neither brace is repaired. The calculation results are then used to assess the risk of reducing the rig mast …


Source Data For Xueyan Feng, Michael S. Dimitriyev & Edwin L. Thomas, "Soft, Malleable Double Diamond Twin", Xueyan Feng, Michael S. Dimitriyev, Edwin L. Thomas 2023 Fudan University

Source Data For Xueyan Feng, Michael S. Dimitriyev & Edwin L. Thomas, "Soft, Malleable Double Diamond Twin", Xueyan Feng, Michael S. Dimitriyev, Edwin L. Thomas

Data and Datasets

Source data and code for Xueyan Feng, Michael S. Dimitriyev & Edwin L. Thomas, "Soft, malleable double diamond twin"


Application Of Multi-Scale Computational Techniques To Complex Materials Systems, Mujan N. Seif 2023 University of Kentucky

Application Of Multi-Scale Computational Techniques To Complex Materials Systems, Mujan N. Seif

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

The applications of computational materials science are ever-increasing, connecting fields far beyond traditional subfields in materials science. This dissertation demonstrates the broad scope of multi-scale computational techniques by investigating multiple unrelated complex material systems, namely scandate thermionic cathodes and the metallic foam component of micrometeoroid and orbital debris (MMOD) shielding. Sc-containing "scandate" cathodes have been widely reported to exhibit superior properties compared to previous thermionic cathodes; however, knowledge of their precise operating mechanism remains elusive. Here, quantum mechanical calculations were utilized to map the phase space of stable, highly-faceted and chemically-complex W nanoparticles, accounting for both finite temperature and chemical …


Damage Stability Study Of A 500 Dw Ro-Ro Ferry Vessel, Zulfaidah Ariany, Budhi Santoso, Sarwoko Sarwoko, Nauval Abdurrahman Prasetyo 2022 Departement of Industrial Technology, Vocational School, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang 50275, Indonesia

Damage Stability Study Of A 500 Dw Ro-Ro Ferry Vessel, Zulfaidah Ariany, Budhi Santoso, Sarwoko Sarwoko, Nauval Abdurrahman Prasetyo

Makara Journal of Technology

The development of the crossing transportation industry is currently increasing in the island areas. The use of Ro-Ro type ferry boats is extremely efficient in moving people, goods, and vehicles. The current research focuses on the damage stability of the 500 DWT Ro-Ro ferry, which aims to meet the needs of the Ro-Ro ferry in the archipelago area. The previously existing initial design of a barge hull with a main size Lpp = 40.15 m, B = 12 m, H = 3.2 m, and T = 2.15 m was used to analyze the damage stability condition further. First, the drawings …


Enhanced Performance Of 3d Electroactive Polymer Transducers Via Hierarchical Structures, Frederick B. Holness 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Enhanced Performance Of 3d Electroactive Polymer Transducers Via Hierarchical Structures, Frederick B. Holness

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Conjugated polymers (CPs) are a class of polymers that exhibit a change in size or shape in response to electrical stimuli. The unique combination of electrical and mechanical properties facilitates the fabrication of novel devices in a broad range of applications including: sensors, actuators, and lab-on-a-chip systems. The alternating single and double bonds along the polymer chain of CPs enables their electroactive properties but is also responsible for processability associated with CPs that has limited fabrication methods. Recently a photosensitive CP composite enabling additive manufacturing (AM) of 3D CP structures was developed. However, the introduction of a copolymer for mechanical …


Investigation Of The Effect Of Corundum Layer On The Heat Transfer Of Sic Slab, Sri Elsa Fatmi, Donanta Dhaneswara, Muhammad Anis, Ahmad Ashari 2022 University of Indonesia

Investigation Of The Effect Of Corundum Layer On The Heat Transfer Of Sic Slab, Sri Elsa Fatmi, Donanta Dhaneswara, Muhammad Anis, Ahmad Ashari

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Aluminum is the most widely used metal in industry. Aluminum smelting is one of the important steps that needs to be carried out to produce products made of aluminum metal with good quality. In the process of smelting aluminum there are several problems that occur, one of which is the growth of corundum in Si C refractories which affects the quality of aluminum melt and the durability of Si C refractories. This research was conducted to see the heat transfer in Si C and the effect of the presence of Corundum on heat transfer. This research was carried out by …


Structural Risk-Based Underwater Inspection (Rbui) As A Cost Reduction Of Field’S End Of Production Life, Ivan Fitrian Putra, Johny Wahyuadi Soedarsono, Mirza Mahendra, Yuki Haidir, Faisal Dwiyana Purnawarman, Iwan Sukirna, Widi Hernowo 2022 University of Indonesia

Structural Risk-Based Underwater Inspection (Rbui) As A Cost Reduction Of Field’S End Of Production Life, Ivan Fitrian Putra, Johny Wahyuadi Soedarsono, Mirza Mahendra, Yuki Haidir, Faisal Dwiyana Purnawarman, Iwan Sukirna, Widi Hernowo

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Mubadala Petroleum operates offshore platforms in a southern Makassar Straits that needs to be periodically inspected. The cost for the inspection is massive due to the high cost of mobilization and demobilization of vessels including crew and equipment. In response of a new approach to reduce cost, a Risk-Based Underwater Inspection (RBUI) methodology is developed. This RBUI purpose is to reduce the inspection interval of the offshore platform, from every 2 years to a longer period[1]. There are existing RBUI methodologies, which are already developed and implemented in other companies[5]. Purpose of this paper is to …


The Comparison Of Pipe Thickness Selection Method Using Full Flange Rating And Non-Full Flange Rating Of Cryogenic Services In An Lng Plant Construction, Ari Agustar, Isdaryanto Iskandar, Wahyuaji Narottama Putra 2022 Atma Jaya Catholic University

The Comparison Of Pipe Thickness Selection Method Using Full Flange Rating And Non-Full Flange Rating Of Cryogenic Services In An Lng Plant Construction, Ari Agustar, Isdaryanto Iskandar, Wahyuaji Narottama Putra

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Significant growth of gas demand as a source of power generation for domestic use and industries, mainly in the developed countries, has forced the effort to secure the gas supplies located thousands of miles away across the sea as an economical way of gas transportation instead of transporting by pipeline. LNG technology was created as the solution. Natural gas is refrigerated below its boiling point (-160oC to -162oC), known as cryogenic temperature or cryogenic service. Material of Construction (MOC) selection report showed that 304/304L and 316/316L Stainless Steel pipe could withstand and be suitable for this …


Dynamic Rbi With Central Difference Method Approach In Calculation Of Uniform Corrosion Rate: A Casestudy On Gas Pipelines, M.Riefqi Dwi Alviansyah, Fernanda Hartoyo, Zahra Nadia Nurullia, Ari Kurniawan 2022 Departemen Metalurgi dan Material, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Dynamic Rbi With Central Difference Method Approach In Calculation Of Uniform Corrosion Rate: A Casestudy On Gas Pipelines, M.Riefqi Dwi Alviansyah, Fernanda Hartoyo, Zahra Nadia Nurullia, Ari Kurniawan

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

The oil and gas industry generally uses a piping system to drain fluids. Even though the pipes used have been well designed, the use of pipes as a means of fluid transportation still provides the possibility of failure that can occur at any time, one of which is due to uniform corrosion. The use of standard Risk Based Inspection (RBI) according to the API RBI 581 document has been widely used to anticipate potential failures to pipe components. The use of standard RBI can reduce the risk of failure significantly. Because the standard RBI considers the component risk value to …


Platinum-Iridium Alloys In Jewelry, Nathen C. Christa, Seth Walker, Dylan Hallman 2022 Nathen Cade Christa

Platinum-Iridium Alloys In Jewelry, Nathen C. Christa, Seth Walker, Dylan Hallman

ME 4133/6133 Mechanical Metallurgy

One of the most widely used metals on the periodic table is Platinum (Pt). The name is derived from the Spanish Platina, meaning “silver.” This malleable, ductile material is widely used in applications due to its unique chemical properties. A couple of these unique properties include a high melting point and good resistance to corrosion or chemical attack. Platinum materials have alloys that are indispensable in the chemical laboratory for electrodes. This allows for material applications in crucibles and dishes to withstand elevated temperatures. Platinum is used primarily in catalytic converters in vehicles converting emissions from the vehicle’s engine into …


High-Carbon Steel In Additive Manufacturing, Chidi N. Agusiegbe, Devin Morton, Emmanuel Moore 2022 Mississippi State University

High-Carbon Steel In Additive Manufacturing, Chidi N. Agusiegbe, Devin Morton, Emmanuel Moore

ME 4133/6133 Mechanical Metallurgy

High-carbon steel can be processed through numerous methods. The method that will be focused on primarily is processing high-carbon steel through means of additive manufacturing. Additive manufacturing is the industrial production name for 3D printing, a computer-controlled process that creates three-dimensional objects by depositing materials, usually in layers. AM methods like wire laser additive manufacturing (WLAM) and electron beam melting (EBM) are all common methods for fabricating high carbon steel. The perks associated with these methods are that they improve some drawbacks of the natural properties of high-carbon steel. This paper discusses the uses of these additive manufacturing methods along …


High Carbon Steel In Additive Manufacturing, Emmanuel Moore II, Devin Morton, Chid Agusiegbe 2022 Mississippi State University

High Carbon Steel In Additive Manufacturing, Emmanuel Moore Ii, Devin Morton, Chid Agusiegbe

ME 4133/6133 Mechanical Metallurgy

The first known use of carbon steel dates back to 500 A.D. when a blacksmith mistakenly used iron ore as a primary material for smithing. This material, as the name suggests, is made up of both carbon and iron. This material, as one of the most abundant at the time, was used most frequently in European and Asian countries. “Carbon steel first appeared around the year 500 AD in Damascus steel swords as well as Japanese swords. They were prized for their sharp edges and sturdiness compared to other weapons of the era. The composition of these swords was very …


Integration Of Hadfield Steel Into Modern Body Armor, Jason T. Fridlund 2022 Mississippi State University

Integration Of Hadfield Steel Into Modern Body Armor, Jason T. Fridlund

ME 4133/6133 Mechanical Metallurgy

The increased lethality of recently fielded projectiles mandates a proportional escalation in armor performance. Recent advancements in ceramic technologies have allowed designers to incorporate harder but more brittle materials into hard armor designs to defeat yet more capable penetrating projectiles. Ceramics suffer from the feature of shattering, however, even when impacted by threats below their design parameters. While this shattering mechanism is used effectively to dissipate energy from high-energy rifle projectiles, it is wasted on low-energy projectiles, and can result in easily damaged lifesaving gear, both of which are undesirable in combat. In contrast, steel body armor has been used …


High Carbon Steel In Additive Manufacturing, Chidi Agusiegbe, Devin Morton, Emmanuel Moore 2022 Mississippi State University

High Carbon Steel In Additive Manufacturing, Chidi Agusiegbe, Devin Morton, Emmanuel Moore

ME 4133/6133 Mechanical Metallurgy

Infographic demonstrating the composition, and use of high carbon steels as well as the process of the material in additive manufacturing.


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