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Effect Of Developer Temperature On Photoresist Contrast In Grayscale Lithography, Dale Farnan, George Patrick Watson 2021 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Effect Of Developer Temperature On Photoresist Contrast In Grayscale Lithography, Dale Farnan, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

SPR 220-3 photoresist was spin-coated onto a silicon wafer, exposed using a Heidelberg DWL66+ laserwriter at different laser powers, and developed at different temperatures. The effect of developer temperature on photoresist contrast was examined. Results show that increasing developer temperature decreased photoresist contrast and increased required dose.


Exploration Of The Sludge Biodiesel Pathway, Zachary Christman 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Exploration Of The Sludge Biodiesel Pathway, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Wastewater sludge is an overlooked source of fat, oil, and grease (FOG) that could be converted into biodiesel. The United States produces about 8 million tons of sludge per year. The disposal cost for this amount of sludge is about 2 billion dollars. The widespread availability and low cost of sludge compared to other biodiesel raw materials make it an economical choice for a renewable fuel. Using sludge as a raw material can produce 25 to 30 mg per gram of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME); the main component of biodiesel. Sludge biodiesel has the potential of transforming a portion ...


Device Development For Long-Term Systemic Oral Biologic Drug Delivery, Benjamin Wankum 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Device Development For Long-Term Systemic Oral Biologic Drug Delivery, Benjamin Wankum

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

A biologic drug is a drug that is produced by a living organism. Biologic drugs are used to treat various medical conditions such as arthritis, diabetes, or certain forms of cancers due to their high potency and high selectivity of action. Drawbacks of biologics include their poor stability in the gastrointestinal tract and their poor absorption. In effect, this gives the drugs very low bioavailability and short therapeutic half-lives. To combat these obstacles, current delivery methods include subcutaneous injections at home or intravenous or intramuscular injections in a medical facility.

The overall scientific goal of the research was to utilize ...


Atomic Layer Deposition Of Sodium Fluoride Thin Films, Sara Kuraitis, Donghyeon Kang, Anil U. Mane, Hua Zhou, Jake Soares, Jeffrey W. Elam, Elton Graugnard 2021 Boise State University

Atomic Layer Deposition Of Sodium Fluoride Thin Films, Sara Kuraitis, Donghyeon Kang, Anil U. Mane, Hua Zhou, Jake Soares, Jeffrey W. Elam, Elton Graugnard

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The need for advanced energy conversion and storage devices remains a critical challenge amid the growing worldwide demand for renewable energy. Metal fluoride thin films are of great interest for applications in lithium-ion and emerging rechargeable battery technologies, particularly for enhancing the stability of the electrode-electrolyte interface and thereby extending battery cyclability and lifetime. Reported within, sodium fluoride (NaF) thin films were synthesized via atomic layer deposition (ALD). NaF growth experiments were carried out at reactor temperatures between 175 and 250 °C using sodium tert-butoxide and HF-pyridine solution. The optimal deposition temperature range was 175–200 °C, and the ...


Development Of An Intraperitoneal Catheter Placement Device For Use On The Battlefield, Riley Reynolds 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development Of An Intraperitoneal Catheter Placement Device For Use On The Battlefield, Riley Reynolds

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The objective of this project was to simplify peritoneal cavity access so an Airforce field medic can safely infuse oxygen microbubbles (OMBs) into the intraperitoneal space for the emergency treatment of hypoxia due to lung damage. To solve this problem, we created an intraperitoneal catheter placement device for use on the battlefield. The three common methods and some of the most common devices for peritoneal cavity access were reviewed. Injury frequencies for each of the three methods were analyzed. The results showed that each of the access techniques gives a similar rate of iatrogenic injury.

The battlefield conditions where the ...


Design And Control Of A Peristaltic Pump To Simulate Left Atrial Pressure In A Conductive Silicone Model, Jeremy Collins 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design And Control Of A Peristaltic Pump To Simulate Left Atrial Pressure In A Conductive Silicone Model, Jeremy Collins

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

According to the CDC, atrial fibrillation is responsible for more than 454,000 hospitalizations and approximately 158,000 deaths per year. A common treatment for atrial fibrillation is catheter ablation, a process in which a long flexible tube is guided through the femoral artery and to the source of arrhythmia in the heart, where it measures the electrical potential at various locations and converts problematic heart tissue to scar tissue via ablation. This paper details the design and control of a low-cost ($400) peristaltic pump system using repetitive control to replicate blood pressure in the left atrium in a conductive ...


Performance And Economics Of Solar Inverters And Module Level Power Electronics In A 1 Mw Photovoltaic System, Maxwell Criswell 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Performance And Economics Of Solar Inverters And Module Level Power Electronics In A 1 Mw Photovoltaic System, Maxwell Criswell

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Photovoltaic solar panels convert sunlight to electricity in the form of direct current; therefore, a necessary component of every photovoltaic system is an inverter to convert the electricity to usable alternating current. There are various commercially available inverter technologies manufactured today such as microinverters, string inverters, and central inverters, as well as module level power electronic devices such as DC optimizers that are capable of improving system performance in string and central inverter systems. This thesis compares the performance and economics of five different inverter and module level power electronic systems through model simulation using Helioscope software. The five alternatives ...


Design And Fabrication Of A Microstrip Bandpass Filter In Ltcc, Allison Rucker 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design And Fabrication Of A Microstrip Bandpass Filter In Ltcc, Allison Rucker

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The goal of the project was to design and fabricate a bandpass filter with a center frequency of 25GHz with a 2GHz bandwidth. The first step was to do the calculation to design a bandpass filter to meet these specifications along with the properties of the DupontTM GreenTapeTM 9K7. HFSS was then used to verify the results from the initial calculations. There was a significant error between the two results, so more tweaking was done to the calculations to get a better center frequency. After a final design was decided, the fabrication process started. Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramics (LLTC ...


Development Of Hybrid Ultra-High Performance Concrete Thermoplastic Composite Panels For Blast And Ballistic Protection, Alyssa M. Libby 2021 University of Maine

Development Of Hybrid Ultra-High Performance Concrete Thermoplastic Composite Panels For Blast And Ballistic Protection, Alyssa M. Libby

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) has become a material of interest for structures needing resistance to impact and blast loadings. These types of loadings have induced brittle flexural failure in UHPC due to punching shear from the impactor. One way to improve the impact resistance, energy absorption, and ductility of UHPC is by adding fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) skins to the front and rear faces of the concrete, resulting in a sandwich configuration. In this study, E-glass fiber-reinforced thermoplastic laminates were bonded to UHPC panels using a heated consolidation process known as stamp thermoforming. The bond between the UHPC ...


Husky Hand: A Low-Cost Electro-Mechanical Prosthetic Arm For The Underprivileged, Adam Robert 2021 University of Southern Maine

Husky Hand: A Low-Cost Electro-Mechanical Prosthetic Arm For The Underprivileged, Adam Robert

Thinking Matters Symposium

A continuation of a low-cost prosthetic upper limb prototype design which was investigated in EGN 301. The prosthetic is specifically designed for the needs and requirements of under privileged individuals in the Dominican Republic with upper limb amputations. The project focuses on the creation of an open-source computer aided prosthetic hand/arm model. The design allows consumer-grade fused filament fabrication (FFF) 3-D printers to be used. The improved design allows for the integration of the PQ-12 linear actuator for grasp and finger control. This simplifies the assembly, while, also reducing the size and mass of the whole unit. Producing a ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Impact Resistant Composites Inspired By Peacock Mantis Shrimp, Nandati Shrestha 2021 University of Southern Maine

Finite Element Analysis Of Impact Resistant Composites Inspired By Peacock Mantis Shrimp, Nandati Shrestha

Thinking Matters Symposium

The fist-like club of the peacock mantis shrimp, a 5-inch marine crustacean, can strike its prey with speed faster than a .22-caliber bullet with an impact force more than 1,000 times its own weight. Although these creatures punch so fast that it even boils the water, they don’t take any damage. This incredible insusceptibility is due to the arrangement of mineralized fiber layers in which each fibrous layer is laid at a slightly rotated angle to form a helicoidal structure that acts as a shock absorber for the club. The goal is to perform a finite element analysis ...


Features Of Chloridizing Roasting Of Almalyk Mining Metallurgical Combinate Wastes, Malokhat ATAMURATOVA, Dildora KHAKIMBOEVA, Khasan ShARIPOV, Zuhra KADIROVA, Tulkin SHAKAROV 2021 Tashkent Chemical Technological Institute

Features Of Chloridizing Roasting Of Almalyk Mining Metallurgical Combinate Wastes, Malokhat Atamuratova, Dildora Khakimboeva, Khasan Sharipov, Zuhra Kadirova, Tulkin Shakarov

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

With the aim to develop a comprehensive technology for processing Almalyk Mining Metallurgical Combinate (AMMC) wastes, the influence of chloride additives on the copper and zinc chloride volatilization process is considered. The relationship between presence of the calcium, potassium and sodium chlorides chlorinating additive on the copper and zinc chlorides sublimation from the AGMK wastes at roasting temperatures up to 700-1000˚C was established.


Synthesis Of Superabsorbing Hydrogels Based On Starch Copolymers, Baxodir KHOLNAZAROV, Khayit TURAEV, Abdulakhat JALILOV 2021 Termez State University

Synthesis Of Superabsorbing Hydrogels Based On Starch Copolymers, Baxodir Kholnazarov, Khayit Turaev, Abdulakhat Jalilov

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work is to synthesize highly swellable superabsorbent hydrogels based on starch copolymers. To achieve this goal, mineral-containing superabsorbent hydrogels based on starch, acrylamide, binder and initiator were synthesized. The optimal synthesis conditions were determined and studies were carried out on the influence of the molar ratios of the starting substances on the composition and physicochemical properties of the synthesized superabsorbent hydrogel. In the course of research, the optimum copolymerization temperature was 60 ° C, and the reaction time was 3 hours.

As a result of the study, a superabsorbent hydrogel based on starch, acrylamide and bentonite in ...


Synthesis Of Thiocol Oligomer Based On Sodium Tetrasulphide, Epichlorhydrine And Ammonium Phosphate, Bakhtiyor NORMURODOV, Khayit TURAEV, Abdulakhat JALILOV, Sherzod KASIMOV 2021 Termez State University

Synthesis Of Thiocol Oligomer Based On Sodium Tetrasulphide, Epichlorhydrine And Ammonium Phosphate, Bakhtiyor Normurodov, Khayit Turaev, Abdulakhat Jalilov, Sherzod Kasimov

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The purpose of this study is the synthesis and study of thiokol oligomer NEP-12 brand based on sodium tetrasulfide, epichlorohydrin and ammonium phosphate, which is intended for use as a main component of Thiokol sealant. To achieve this goal, a thiokol oligomer based on sodium tetrasulfide, epichlorohydrin, and ammonium phosphate was synthesized and investigated, and the optimal conditions for the synthesis of a thiokol oligomer were determined. Research has been carried out on the influence of the molar ratios of the starting substances on the composition and physicochemical properties of the synthesized thiocol oligomer. The optimum polycondensation temperature was taken ...


Synthesis And Structure Of The Coordination Complex Of Copper Ion With Collagen, Dildorа SADIKOVA, Adham RAFIKOV, Oybek TURSUNQULOV, Dilnoza SOYIBOVA 2021 Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Synthesis And Structure Of The Coordination Complex Of Copper Ion With Collagen, Dildorа Sadikova, Adham Rafikov, Oybek Tursunqulov, Dilnoza Soyibova

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work is to synthesize, determine the composition and microstructure of complexes of copper (II) sulfate with collagen for use as a dye for textile material. Coordination complexes of copper (II) sulfate with collagen synthesized at different ratios of the initial substances by the interaction of solutions of different concentrations of copper sulfate and collagen of raw skin. With an increase in the salt content, the yield of the reaction product increases. With an excess of collagen, some of it does not bind into a complex and precipitates. With an excess of salt, almost the weight of ...


Synthesis Of Sodium Ammonium Hydrophosphate And Sodium Dihydrophosphate Based On Extraction Phosphoric Acid From Central Kyzylkum Phosphorites, Kamola Arifdjanova, Kholtura Mirzakulov, Sherzod Khujamberdiev, Melikulova Gavkhar 2021 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Uzbekistan

Synthesis Of Sodium Ammonium Hydrophosphate And Sodium Dihydrophosphate Based On Extraction Phosphoric Acid From Central Kyzylkum Phosphorites, Kamola Arifdjanova, Kholtura Mirzakulov, Sherzod Khujamberdiev, Melikulova Gavkhar

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the research is the synthesis of sodium ammonium hydrogen phosphate and sodium dihydrogen phosphate based on purified extraction phosphoric acid.

The acid was purified from accompanying impurities by precipitation methods using sodium carbonate and metasilicate, washed burnt phosphoconcentrate, barium carbonate, acid neutralization with gaseous ammonia. Pre-neutralization of the purified solution of monoammonium phosphate with sodium carbonate to the ratio Na2O:P2O5 = 0.44 and subsequent drying at a temperature of 50 °С allows to obtain sodium ammonium hydrogen phosphate tetrahydrate, and at 100 °С sodium dihydrogen phosphate monohydrate.

The individuality and purity ...


Physico-Chemical Properties And Structural Transformations In The Synthesis Of Boroalumosilicate Glass-Crystal Materials, Julia Yeganyan 2021 Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Yerevan, Armenia

Physico-Chemical Properties And Structural Transformations In The Synthesis Of Boroalumosilicate Glass-Crystal Materials, Julia Yeganyan

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work is to study the areas of glass formation and metastable liquation of the pseudo-ternary system (MgO·Al2O3)-B2O3-SiO2, and study of the crystallization process of glasses of cordierite composition. The crystallization process of glasses of cordierite composition containing B2O3 by a single-stage heat treatment at 1000 oC and 1200 oC, the nature of crystallization, the thermal properties of glasses and glass crystalline materials of the system (MgO·Al2O3)-B2O3-SiO2 were studied. It revealed that ...


Simulation Of Optical Properties Of Dielectric Layers From Visible To Near Infrared Spectral Range, Andrew Cochran, Cory Conkel 2021 Ohio Northern University

Simulation Of Optical Properties Of Dielectric Layers From Visible To Near Infrared Spectral Range, Andrew Cochran, Cory Conkel

ONU Student Research Colloquium

Optical properties of dielectrics play a critical role in various applications including the design and manufacture of optical components & devices such as detectors, filters, imagers, lenses, optical coatings, photonic crystals, sensors and waveguides, and solar cells. Radiative properties of varying thicknesses of different dielectrics such as Aluminum Oxide (Al2O3), Silicon Dioxide (SiO2), Indium Tin Oxide (ITO), Magnesium Fluoride (MgF2) and Silicon Nitride (Si3N4) have been simulated and compared in the range of visible to near infrared by mathematical modelling using MATLAB simulations. The results of the evolution of the radiative properties, as a function of dielectric material thickness, on silicon ...


Polymers And Solvents Used In Membrane Fabrication: A Review Focusing On Sustainable Membrane Development, Xiaobo Dong, David Lu, Tequila A. L. Harris, Isabel C. Escobar 2021 University of Kentucky

Polymers And Solvents Used In Membrane Fabrication: A Review Focusing On Sustainable Membrane Development, Xiaobo Dong, David Lu, Tequila A. L. Harris, Isabel C. Escobar

Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

(1) Different methods have been applied to fabricate polymeric membranes with non-solvent induced phase separation (NIPS) being one of the mostly widely used. In NIPS, a solvent or solvent blend is required to dissolve a polymer or polymer blend. N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), dimethylacetamide (DMAc), dimethylformamide (DMF) and other petroleum-derived solvents are commonly used to dissolve some petroleum-based polymers. However, these components may have negative impacts on the environment and human health. Therefore, using greener and less toxic components is of great interest for increasing membrane fabrication sustainability. The chemical structure of membranes is not affected by the use of different solvents ...


Discontinuous Fiber Vacuum Assisted Compression Molding, Bennet Heidenreich 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Discontinuous Fiber Vacuum Assisted Compression Molding, Bennet Heidenreich

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Discontinuous short fiber carbon reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites were manufactured, and tested to demonstrate feasibility, and to document material properties. Different variations of manufacturing techniques were tested including continuous fiber reinforcement, metal inserts, and randomization of the dry fibers before processing. The process produced parts with strength to weight ratios similar to 6061-T6 aluminum without continuous fiber reinforcement, and 53% higher when small volumes of continuous reinforcement are added. Randomization of fibers produced no significant change in strength of the material, but did increase compression stiffness of the mixture while molding, increasing tool deflection. A pin joint was tested, and ...


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