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Space And Defense – Volume Twelve – Number One – Winter 2021, Space and Defense Journal 2021 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Twelve – Number One – Winter 2021, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Evaluating Human Factors In The Commercial Pilot-Airplane Airman Certification Standards, Alaba Gabriel Idowu 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Evaluating Human Factors In The Commercial Pilot-Airplane Airman Certification Standards, Alaba Gabriel Idowu

Graduate Student Works

This research aimed to identify risk management elements in the Commercial Pilot-Airplane Airman Certification Standards (ACS), and to evaluate tasks relating to or involving human factors. The investigation examined the risk management elements under each task in the Commercial Pilot-Airplane ACS and classified them under the preconditions for unsafe acts of the Human Factors Analysis Classification System (HFACS). The method of investigation was a qualitative research approach to determine the human factors element prevalent in the Commercial Pilot-Airplane ACS. Three research questions were stated: (1) Which factor under the preconditions for unsafe of HFACS has the highest number of tasks ...


Fatigue And Its Management In The Aviation Industry, With Special Reference To Pilots, Rajee Olaganathan, Timothy B. Holt, Jackie Luedtke, Brent D. Bowen 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Fatigue And Its Management In The Aviation Industry, With Special Reference To Pilots, Rajee Olaganathan, Timothy B. Holt, Jackie Luedtke, Brent D. Bowen

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

Abstract Fatigue is a significant contributing factor that reduces human ability and leads to accidents and threatens the safety of aircraft and human lives. Approximately 70% of fatal accidents that occur in commercial aviation operations are due to human factors. More specifically, crew fatigue contributes to nearly 15 to 20% of the accidents (Akerstedt, 2000). These accidents and incidents are associated with pilot fatigue because of the long duty periods, disruption of circadian rhythms, and inadequate sleep that are common among both commercial and military pilots. Though fatigue is seen in all the disciplines associated with the aviation industry, this ...


Uav For Medical Equipment Distribution, Richard Barakat, Logan Christensen, Brandon Halebsky, Justin Slavick 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Uav For Medical Equipment Distribution, Richard Barakat, Logan Christensen, Brandon Halebsky, Justin Slavick

Mechanical Engineering

This Final Design Review report documents the senior project participating in the Vertical Flight Society’s 38th Annual Student Design Competition sponsored by The Boeing Company. The goal of this project and competition is to develop an unmanned vertical lift for medical equipment distribution capable of safely delivering a 50 kg payload over distances up to 200 km. This system must be autonomous and have a backup plan to land if any part of the system malfunctions. We discuss the research and justification that drove the selection of the aircraft configuration, a winged quadcopter with a rear propeller. Furthermore, we ...


Mindfulness Workshop For Airline Pilots, Eric Miller 2021 Lesley University

Mindfulness Workshop For Airline Pilots, Eric Miller

Mindfulness Studies Theses

The science on mindfulness as it relates specifically to aviation is sparse. It has only been in recent years that mindfulness has been examined as it relates to aviation. That being the case, this paper draws connections from areas that are already well studied with mindfulness; stress, anxiety, attention, and communication. Evidence exists that even short duration mindfulness interventions can have positive effects on mindfulness. The one-day workshop created with this thesis gives pilots a cursory overview of mindfulness as it relates to various areas of commercial aviation. Furthermore, the workshop will teach pilots how these different mindfulness techniques can ...


Service Quality And Passenger Satisfaction In Air Transportation In A Developing Economy: Evidence From Nigeria, Obioma R. Nwaogbe, Innocent C. Ogwude, Ejem E. A, A Pius 2021 Nigeria Maritime University Okerenkoko, Warri

Service Quality And Passenger Satisfaction In Air Transportation In A Developing Economy: Evidence From Nigeria, Obioma R. Nwaogbe, Innocent C. Ogwude, Ejem E. A, A Pius

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

This study investigates the quality of service provided for air travel in Nigeria and the level of satisfaction of passengers with the service encountered. It does so by focusing on both the airports and the airlines as service providers. In that way, the study captures much of the effects of the organizational culture, employee behavior, and general norms which influence passenger attitudes. The SERVQUAL model was used in measuring the five dimensions of service. Domestic travel only was studied, with data obtained from well-structured questionnaires to evaluate perception–expectation gaps in airports as well as in airlines. The overall gap ...


Air Traffic Controllers’ Occupational Stress And Performance In The Future Air Traffic Management, Hui Wang 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Air Traffic Controllers’ Occupational Stress And Performance In The Future Air Traffic Management, Hui Wang

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

As demand for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) operations increases, it is vital to understand its effects on air traffic controllers and the safety of the national airspace system. This study’s primary purpose is to determine how UAVs that operate in controlled airspace would influence air traffic controllers’ occupational stress and performance. In a within-subject experimental research design, 24 participants sampled from a university’s undergraduate Air Traffic Management (ATM) program completed three different air traffic control (ATC) scenarios on an en route ATC simulation system. The degree of UAV automation and control were varied in each scenario. The participants ...


Gold Standards Training And Evaluator Calibration Of Pilot School Check Instructors, Paul M. Cairns 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Gold Standards Training And Evaluator Calibration Of Pilot School Check Instructors, Paul M. Cairns

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

A key component of air carrier advanced qualification programs is the calibration and training of instructors and evaluators and assurance of reliable and valid data in support of such programs. A significant amount of research is available concerning the calibration of air carrier evaluators, but no research exists regarding the calibration of pilot school check instructors. This study was designed to determine if pilot school check instructors can be calibrated against a gold standard to perform reliable and accurate evaluations. Calibration followed the principles and theories of andragogy and adult learning and teaching, including emphasis on the cognitive domain of ...


Efficiency Of The United States Navy's Mid-Air Refueling System: Do The Best Pilots In The World Use The Best Equipment?, Austin Westfield 2021 University of Maine - Main

Efficiency Of The United States Navy's Mid-Air Refueling System: Do The Best Pilots In The World Use The Best Equipment?, Austin Westfield

Honors College

The United States Navy has used the Drogue refueling system since the 1950’s. This system, while incredibly effective, has design elements that, if improved upon, could save the Navy millions of dollars per year. For my thesis project within the University of Maine Honors College, I studied the drag characteristics of two models of a refueling apparatus. One model mirrored the current Navy design and the other was based on my sensor array design implemented within my Mechanical Engineering Capstone team project, which was to design, build, and fly a remote-controlled (RC) aircraft that deployed and retracted a towed ...


Air Navigation And Covid-19: Atm Efficiency In Pandemic Crisis, Fabio Lourenco Carneiro Barbosa 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Air Navigation And Covid-19: Atm Efficiency In Pandemic Crisis, Fabio Lourenco Carneiro Barbosa

Graduate Student Works

The coronavirus crisis effects on aviation in 2020 are currently well-documented. Nonetheless, the widely registered low traffic due to the crisis does not necessarily lead to increased air navigation efficiency. Thus, the present work, developed to fulfill the program outcomes for the Master of Science in Aeronautics, Air Traffic Management (ATM) specialization, aimed to investigate what was the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on air navigation efficiency in Brazil. This research question was addressed through a quantitative, nonexperimental, observational approach with two parallel branches, designed to answer two sub-questions. For the first, regarding what was the impact of the crisis ...


Aviation English In A Bilingual Context: Bilingual Spanish-English Pilots, Seneca Doty 2021 Bowling Green State University

Aviation English In A Bilingual Context: Bilingual Spanish-English Pilots, Seneca Doty

Honors Projects

The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of English and Spanish in the applied context of aviation by researching pilot experiences in the cockpit within the register of aviation English. This study investigates pilot’s in-flight experiences in relation to language proficiency in the hopes of improving future standards of communication. Expounding on previous research with a focus on native Spanish speaking pilots, this research utilizes a Likert scale survey and demographic assessment to evaluate proficiencies inside the cockpit of bilingual Spanish-English participants. By determining each pilot´s use of English outside of the workplace as well ...


Advancing Christ: Understanding How Foreign Cultures Respond To Missionary Aviation, Aidan Van Pelt, Mitchell A. Morrison 2021 Liberty University

Advancing Christ: Understanding How Foreign Cultures Respond To Missionary Aviation, Aidan Van Pelt, Mitchell A. Morrison

Liberty University Research Week

Undergraduate

Applied


Advancing Christ: Understanding How Foreign Cultures Respond To Missionary Aviation, Aidan Van Pelt, Mitchell Morrison 2021 Liberty University

Advancing Christ: Understanding How Foreign Cultures Respond To Missionary Aviation, Aidan Van Pelt, Mitchell Morrison

Liberty University Research Week

Undergraduate

Applied


Changing The Process In Educational Field And Air Navigation Through Advances In Hologram Technology, Camilo Fernandez Sr. 2021 Universidad de Antioquia

Changing The Process In Educational Field And Air Navigation Through Advances In Hologram Technology, Camilo Fernandez Sr.

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

The objective of this piece is to propose reasons that change the way air traffic controllers and others learn and work in air navigation, but also how they can improve workloads, due to the implementation of holographic radar. This research also aims to describe how this could reduce the cognitive load of an operator, thanks to the improvement of visual perspective and capacity of analysis, in order to more easily control an aircraft.

Seeing that the visual facilitation is well known, radar is able to represent in three dimensions and in detail that which could not previously be perceived. This ...


Advancing Christ: Understanding How Foreign Cultures Respond To Missionary Aviation, Aidan Van Pelt 2021 Liberty University

Advancing Christ: Understanding How Foreign Cultures Respond To Missionary Aviation, Aidan Van Pelt

Senior Honors Theses

After World War II, missionary aviation became a profound influence on the world of missions. The impacts of missionary aviation culture on the spread of the Gospel in foreign locations will be investigated to better understand how it influences Christianity. The effect of expediting the travel-time to remote locations is apparent, but missionary pilots have several other influences as well, such as, community development, education and discipling locals. These various cultural aspects will be explored by first defining the culture, discussing the history of missiological responses and the origin of missionary aviation, and then examining the effects of missionary aviation ...


The Effects Of Carry-On Baggage On Aircraft Evacuation Efficiency, Sang-A Lee 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The Effects Of Carry-On Baggage On Aircraft Evacuation Efficiency, Sang-A Lee

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

The most frequent obstacle of an aircraft evacuation is the passengers carrying baggage while evacuating. Passengers who insist on taking their carry-on baggage during an emergency evacuation not only slow down the evacuation process but also act as a significant risk to the safety of other passengers. This study investigated the factors that affect passengers’ behavioral intention to evacuate with carry-on baggage and the effects of evacuating with carry-on baggage on the total evacuation time. Overall, two studies were conducted to provide an outline of the factors that affect and affected by carry-on baggage.

Study 1 used an agent-based model ...


Development Of A Safety Performance Decision-Making Tool For Flight Training Organization, Marisa D. Aguiar 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Development Of A Safety Performance Decision-Making Tool For Flight Training Organization, Marisa D. Aguiar

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 141 flight training organizations are actively pursuing ways to increase operational safety by introducing advanced risk assessment and decision-making techniques. The purpose of the dissertation was to create and validate a safety performance decision-making tool to transform a reactive safety model into a predictive, safety performance decision-making tool, specific to large, collegiate Title 14 CFR Part 141 flight training organizations, to increase safety and aid in operational decision-making. The validated safety decision-making tool uses what-if scenarios to assess how changes to the controllable input variables impact the overall level of ...


Cost Optimization Modeling For Airport Capacity Expansion Problems In Metropolitan Areas, Woo-Jin Choi 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Cost Optimization Modeling For Airport Capacity Expansion Problems In Metropolitan Areas, Woo-Jin Choi

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to develop a cost optimization model to identify an optimal solution to expand airport capacity in metropolitan areas in consideration of demand uncertainties. The study first analyzed four airport capacity expansion cases from different regions of the world to identify possible solutions to expand airport capacity and key cost functions which are highly related to airport capacity problems. Using mixedinteger nonlinear programming (MINLP), a deterministic optimization model was developed with the inclusion of six cost functions: capital cost, operation cost, delay cost, noise cost, operation readiness, and airport transfer (ORAT) cost, and passenger access ...


A Comparison Of Safety Management Systems Training Methods At A Collegiate Flight-Training Institution, Mackenzie Tyler Dickson 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

A Comparison Of Safety Management Systems Training Methods At A Collegiate Flight-Training Institution, Mackenzie Tyler Dickson

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

The purpose of this thesis was to compare how two different types of Safety Management Systems (SMS) training affect SMS knowledge in instructors and students in a university flight program. Additionally, the research sought to determine whether a correlation exists between safety knowledge and safety culture perception. An experimental research design was used to study two independent variables, training method and person type, and their effect of SMS knowledge. A non-experimental design was used to study the correlation between safety knowledge and safety culture perception. Research has shown that a safety-training program’s engagement level has an effect on the ...


Impact Of Covid-19 On Airline Industry And Strategic Plan For Its Recovery With Special Reference To Data Analytics Technology, Rajee Olaganathan 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Impact Of Covid-19 On Airline Industry And Strategic Plan For Its Recovery With Special Reference To Data Analytics Technology, Rajee Olaganathan

Publications

This paper discusses the status quo of the airline industry around the world facing the COVID-19 pandemic situation. The purpose of the first part of this study was to assess the impact of COVID-19 on global air traffic, airline revenues by region of operation, number of international passengers by region, and the number of domestic passenger traffic by route group. The data for this study was collected from January 2019 to December 2020 from the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) database. The research strategy of the second part of this study is based on PEST analysis which is applied to ...


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