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The Need For Energy Storage On Renewable Energy Generator Outputs To Lessen The Geeth Effect, I.E. Short-Term Variations Mainly Associated With Wind Turbine Active Power Output, Tony Kealy 2023 Technological University Dublin

The Need For Energy Storage On Renewable Energy Generator Outputs To Lessen The Geeth Effect, I.E. Short-Term Variations Mainly Associated With Wind Turbine Active Power Output, Tony Kealy

Articles

Many studies investigating the short-term variations associated with the power output from wind turbine generators utilise simulated or modelled data in the analysis. This current study uses short-term empirical data downloaded directly from operational wind turbines via electrical power quality meters. The empirical data shows that the short-term variations (one-second or sub-one-second timeframe) occur continuously over most of the power output range. A novel name is proposed, the Geeth Effect, for this variability phenomenon. The Geeth Effect is measured using the coefficient of variation mathematical expression and is likely contributing to (i) lower-than-expected financial and environmental benefits associated with …


An Improved Genetic Algorithm Based Fractional Open Circuit Voltage Mppt For Solar Pv Systems, Aakash Hassan, Octavian Bass, Mohammad A. S. Masoum 2023 Edith Cowan University

An Improved Genetic Algorithm Based Fractional Open Circuit Voltage Mppt For Solar Pv Systems, Aakash Hassan, Octavian Bass, Mohammad A. S. Masoum

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

To extract the maximum power from solar PV, maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controllers are needed to operate the PV arrays at their maximum power point under varying environmental conditions. Fractional Open Circuit Voltage (FOCV) is a simple, cost-effective, and easy to implement MPPT technique. However, it suffers from the discontinuous power supply and low tracking efficiency. To overcome these drawbacks, a new hybrid MPPT technique based on the Genetic Algorithm (GA) and FOCV is proposed. The proposed technique is based on a single decision variable, reducing the complexity and convergence time of the algorithm. MATLAB/Simulink is used to test …


Deep Learning To Predict The Hydration And Performance Of Fly Ash-Containing Cementitious Binders, Taihao Han, Rohan Bhat, Sai Akshay Ponduru, Amit Sarkar, Jie Huang, Gaurav Sant, Hongyan Ma, Narayanan Neithalath, Aditya Kumar 2023 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Deep Learning To Predict The Hydration And Performance Of Fly Ash-Containing Cementitious Binders, Taihao Han, Rohan Bhat, Sai Akshay Ponduru, Amit Sarkar, Jie Huang, Gaurav Sant, Hongyan Ma, Narayanan Neithalath, Aditya Kumar

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Fly ash (FA) – an industrial byproduct – is used to partially substitute Portland cement (PC) in concrete to mitigate concrete's environmental impact. Chemical composition and structure of FAs significantly impact hydration kinetics and compressive strength of concrete. Due to the substantial diversity in these physicochemical attributes of FAs, it has been challenging to develop a generic theoretical framework – and, therefore, theory-based analytical models – that could produce reliable, a priori predictions of properties of [PC + FA] binders. In recent years, machine learning (ML) – which is purely data-driven, as opposed to being derived from theorical underpinnings – …


In-Field Solar Panel Assessment And Fault Diagnosis, Muhammad Elgamal 2023 American University in Cairo

In-Field Solar Panel Assessment And Fault Diagnosis, Muhammad Elgamal

Theses and Dissertations

Photovoltaic energy is a green energy that suit from small houses to high-power stations spanning large areas. In such large areas, monitoring individual panels can be a tedious task, especially if it was required to identify operational faults of these panels. Photovoltaic 4.0 technology depend on collecting data from each station and feeding them to a central processing system that can analyze operation data and hopefully locate when a fault happens. In such method, it is crucial to be accurate as much as possible and for measuring device to be accurate as well to have a clear judgement. In this …


Electromagnetic Theory And Applications, Nicholas Madamopoulos, George Kliros 2023 CUNY City College

Electromagnetic Theory And Applications, Nicholas Madamopoulos, George Kliros

Open Educational Resources

This book intends to provide both the fundamentals of Electromagnetics but also some practical applications of the concepts covered. Having taught electromagnetics for several years, the authors feel that many times the field of electromagnetics comes as “old” and often times students do not appreciate the concepts and their importance in everyday applications. The authors intend to accompany the EM concepts with life applications. Hence, students may see the direct impact of the knowledge they acquire through the study of the field of electromagnetics and better appreciate the field.


Design Of A Non-Destructive System For Arctic Permafrost Detection Via High Frequency Electromagnetic Induction, Gray Dominic Thurston 2023 Rowan University

Design Of A Non-Destructive System For Arctic Permafrost Detection Via High Frequency Electromagnetic Induction, Gray Dominic Thurston

Theses and Dissertations

Electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors have been utilized in the past by the United States Army Corps of Engineers as a method of detecting unexploded ordnance (UXO). Recently, an EMI instrument was constructed that extended the traditional EMI frequency range from 100 kHz to 15 MHz to aid in the detection of nonmetallic ordnance, landmines, and improvised explosive devices. Building on this research, the iFROST mapper project aims to use the same high-frequency (HF) EMI technique to characterize arctic soil and subsurface permafrost deposits. Based on a device used by the US Army for UXO detection, an HF EMI instrument was …


Senior Design Project - Ev Charger And Distributed Energy Resources, Eric Iliyev, Mostafa Younes, Abanoub Said, Carlos Figueroa, Ahmed Mohamed 2023 CUNY City College

Senior Design Project - Ev Charger And Distributed Energy Resources, Eric Iliyev, Mostafa Younes, Abanoub Said, Carlos Figueroa, Ahmed Mohamed

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Editorial, Sameeh Ullah Dr. 2023 School of Information Technology, Illinois State University (ISU), Normal, IL.

Editorial, Sameeh Ullah Dr.

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

This special issue seeks papers that provide a convergent research perspective on business futures, i.e., research that draws on many disciplinary views and strives to establish fresh integrative frameworks and vocabularies. Addressing the difficulty of work culture and intelligent machines in a broad sense necessitates grappling with complicated issues such as motivation, cognition, machine learning, human learning, and system design, among others.


Aircraft Communication Systems - Topologies, Protocols, And Vulnerabilities, Tyler Przybylski, Niroop Sugunaraj, Prakash Ranganathan 2023 University of North Dakota

Aircraft Communication Systems - Topologies, Protocols, And Vulnerabilities, Tyler Przybylski, Niroop Sugunaraj, Prakash Ranganathan

Electrical Engineering Student Publications

Aviation systems are facing fierce competition driven by private investments promoting the development of new avionics suites (AS). With these new AS comes the need for a faster and larger bandwidth requirement for next generation communication systems. The legacy military (MIL) standard 1553 communication system (e.g., 1Mbps) can no longer keep up with the surge in bandwidth demand requirements. The new communication systems need to be designed with a system architecture background that can enable simplistic integration with Information Technology (IT) controlled groundnetworks, military, and commercial payloads. To facilitate a seamless integration with communication architecture, the current system is highly …


A Bilevel Game-Theoretic Decision-Making Framework For Strategic Retailers In Both Local And Wholesale Electricity Markets, Qiuyi Hong, Fanlin Meng, Jian Liu, Rui Bo 2023 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Bilevel Game-Theoretic Decision-Making Framework For Strategic Retailers In Both Local And Wholesale Electricity Markets, Qiuyi Hong, Fanlin Meng, Jian Liu, Rui Bo

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper proposes a bilevel game-theoretic model for multiple strategic retailers participating in both wholesale and local electricity markets while considering customers' switching behaviors. At the upper level, each retailer maximizes its own profit by making optimal pricing decisions in the retail market and bidding decisions in the day-ahead wholesale (DAW) and local power exchange (LPE) markets. The interaction among multiple strategic retailers is formulated using the Bertrand competition model. For the lower level, there are three optimization problems. First, the welfare maximization problem is formulated for customers to model their switching behaviors among different retailers. Second, a market-clearing problem …


Extended Version Of Stability Of A Groucho-Style Bounding Run In The Sagittal Plane, Jeff Duperret, D. E. Koditschek 2023 University of Pennsylvania

Extended Version Of Stability Of A Groucho-Style Bounding Run In The Sagittal Plane, Jeff Duperret, D. E. Koditschek

Technical Reports (ESE)

This paper develops a three degree-of-freedom sagittal-plane hybrid dynamical systems model of a Groucho-style bounding quadrupedal run. Simple within-stance controls using a modular architecture yield a closed form expression for a family of hybrid limit cycles that represent bounding behavior over a range of user-selected fore-aft speeds as a function of the model's kinematic and dynamical parameters. Controls acting on the hybrid transitions are structured so as to achieve a cascade composition of in-place bounding driving the fore-aft degree of freedom, thereby decoupling the linearized dynamics of an approximation to the stride map. Careful selection of the feedback channels used …


Introduction To Control Engineering, Xiangyu Meng 2023 Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge

Introduction To Control Engineering, Xiangyu Meng

E-Textbooks

This is an introductory level textbook for control engineering.


State Of The Art In Drivers’ Attention Monitoring – A Systematic Literature Review, Sama Hussein Al-Gburi, Kanar Alaa Al-Sammak, Ion Marghescu, Claudia Cristina Oprea 2023 Department of Telecommunications University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, Romania

State Of The Art In Drivers’ Attention Monitoring – A Systematic Literature Review, Sama Hussein Al-Gburi, Kanar Alaa Al-Sammak, Ion Marghescu, Claudia Cristina Oprea

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Recently, driver inattention has become the leading cause of automobile accidents. As a result, the driver's perception and decision-making abilities are diminished, and the driver can lose control of the car. To prevent accidents caused by driver inattention, it’s vital to continuously monitor the driver and his driving behaviour and inform him if he becomes distracted or sleepy. This topic has been the subject of study for decades. Whenever feasible to recognise unsafe driving in advance, accidents could be avoided. This document presents an overview of the existing driver alertness system and the various techniques for detecting driver attentiveness.


Influence Of Synthesis Conditions On The Physicochemical And Electrocatalytic Properties Of Non-Stoichiometric Ba2sr2la2ti4o12 Perovskites, Ofeliya Kostadinova, Iliyan Popov, Simeon M. Stankov, Hristo Kolev, Tamara Petkov 2023 Institute of Electrochemistry and Energy Systems Acad. Evgeni Budevski, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., bl 10, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Influence Of Synthesis Conditions On The Physicochemical And Electrocatalytic Properties Of Non-Stoichiometric Ba2sr2la2ti4o12 Perovskites, Ofeliya Kostadinova, Iliyan Popov, Simeon M. Stankov, Hristo Kolev, Tamara Petkov

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Present work studies the influence of the pretreatment milling media (deionized water (BLTOS-H) and isopropanol (BLTOS-i)) on the surface characteristics, structure, chemical composition and catalytic activity of non-stoichiometric Ba2Sr2La2Ti4O12 perovskites. The IR spectroscopy and XRD analyses shows a difference in the structure and phase composition of the two materials. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy detects a Ba2+- and La3+-enriched and Sr2+-depleted surface. The BLTOS-i sample appears to exhibit higher specific surface area (SSA) and pore volume in comparison to BLTOS-H. The electrochemical tests showed that BLTOS-H sample have similar behavior to platinum at current densi-ties up to 10 mA cm-2, while BLTOS-i …


Using Dielectric Scatters To Selectively Excite Embedded Eigenstates In Cavity Resonators, Olugbenga Joshua Gbidi 2023 Rowan University

Using Dielectric Scatters To Selectively Excite Embedded Eigenstates In Cavity Resonators, Olugbenga Joshua Gbidi

Theses and Dissertations

Bound states in the continuum (BICs) are waves that remain in the continuous spectrum of radiating waves that carry energy, however, still localized within the spectrum. BICs, also embedded eigenmodes, exhibit high quality factors that have been observed in optical and acoustic waveguides, photonic structures, and other material systems. Presently, there are limited means to select these BICs in terms of the quality factor and their excitation. In this work, we show that a different type of BIC, Quasi-BICs (Q-BICs), in open resonators can have their quality attuned by introducing embedded scatters. Using microwave cavities and dielectric scatters as an …


Lesker Pvd75 E-Beam/Thermal Evaporator (Pvd-02) Standard Operating Procedure, David S. Barth, Jason A. Röhr 2023 University of Pennsylvania

Lesker Pvd75 E-Beam/Thermal Evaporator (Pvd-02) Standard Operating Procedure, David S. Barth, Jason A. Röhr

Standard Operating Procedures

Standard Operating Procedure for the Lesker PVD75 E-beam/Thermal Evaporator (PVD-02) located at the Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility within the Singh Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Pennsylvania


Running Shoe Pedometer, Benjamin Kasper 2023 The University of Akron

Running Shoe Pedometer, Benjamin Kasper

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Running shoe pedometer aims to solve the issue of worn out running shoes. It can be difficult to know just how many miles you have run in your shoes and when a new pair is needed. Running in old shoes and worn out shoes is heavily linked to injury. My proposed project is a device that is powered by the compressive forces on the shoes soles that counts the number of steps the wearer takes using a microcontroller. Then, when the shoe reaches milestone that indicate it has been used 75% 90% and 100% of its expected life, it will …


An Adaptive Multiple-Object Tracking Architecture For Long-Duration Videos With Variable Target Density, Joachim Lohn-Jaramillo 2023 Dartmouth College

An Adaptive Multiple-Object Tracking Architecture For Long-Duration Videos With Variable Target Density, Joachim Lohn-Jaramillo

Dartmouth College Ph.D Dissertations

Multiple-Object Tracking (MOT) methods are used to detect targets in individual video frames, e.g., vehicles, people, and other objects, and then record each unique target’s path over time. Current state-of-the-art approaches are extremely complex because most rely on extracting and comparing visual features at every frame to track each object. These approaches are geared toward high-difficulty-tracking scenarios, e.g., crowded airports, and require expensive dedicated hardware, e.g., Graphics Processing Units. In hardware-constrained applications, researchers are turning to older, less complex MOT methods, which reveals a serious scalability issue within the state-of-the-art. Crowded environments are a niche application for MOT, i.e., there …


Topologically Optimized Electrodes For Electroosmotic Actuation, Jianwen Sun, Jianyu Zhang, Ce Guan, Teng Zhou, Shizhi Qian, Yongbo Deng 2023 Old Dominion University

Topologically Optimized Electrodes For Electroosmotic Actuation, Jianwen Sun, Jianyu Zhang, Ce Guan, Teng Zhou, Shizhi Qian, Yongbo Deng

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Electroosmosis is one of the most used actuation mechanisms for the microfluidics in the current active lab-on-chip devices. It is generated on the induced charged microchannel walls in contact with an electrolyte solution. Electrode distribution plays the key role on providing the external electric field for electroosmosis, and determines the performance of electroosmotic microfluidics. Therefore, this paper proposes a topology optimization approach for the electrodes of electroosmotic microfluidics, where the electrode layout on the microchannel wall can be determined to achieve designer desired microfluidic performance. This topology optimization is carried out by implementing the interpolation of electric insulation and electric …


Proknow: Process Knowledge For Safety Constrained And Explainable Question Generation For Mental Health Diagnostic Assistance, Kaushik Roy, Manas Gaur, Misagh Soltani, Vipula Rawte, Ashwin Kalyan, Amit Sheth 2023 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Proknow: Process Knowledge For Safety Constrained And Explainable Question Generation For Mental Health Diagnostic Assistance, Kaushik Roy, Manas Gaur, Misagh Soltani, Vipula Rawte, Ashwin Kalyan, Amit Sheth

Publications

Current Virtual Mental Health Assistants (VMHAs) provide counseling and suggestive care. They refrain from patient diagnostic assistance because of a lack of training on safety-constrained and specialized clinical process knowledge (Pro-Know). In this work, we define ProKnow as an ordered set of information that maps to evidence-based guidelines or categories of conceptual understanding to experts in a domain. We also introduce a new dataset of diagnostic conversations guided by safety constraints and ProKnow that healthcare professionals use (ProKnow-data). We develop a method for natural language question generation (NLG) that collects diagnostic information from the patient interactively (ProKnow-algo). We demonstrate the …


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