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Engine Performance On Atomization Of Fuel Injector: A Review, Ankit Patil Er., Akshay C. Bedke Er., Vedant A. Deshmukh Er., Pratiksha Y. Shevare Er. 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, SOET, Sandip University, Nashik, INDIA

Engine Performance On Atomization Of Fuel Injector: A Review, Ankit Patil Er., Akshay C. Bedke Er., Vedant A. Deshmukh Er., Pratiksha Y. Shevare Er.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The impact of the fuel injection of fuel atoms on engine performance has been investigated to improve fuel efficiency and waste disposal features. The fuel swirl method for injection atomization was evaluated both by the analysis of the fuel flow and the sample test. The goal of the paper is to establish good fuel atomization over the range of engine performance. As a result of our studies, it has been concluded that the desired atomization can be achieved when gasoline is thrown into a circular motion. Fuel spray and atomization features play an important role in the performance of internal ...


Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof. 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharashtra, INDIA

Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Design Criteria, Experimental Studies of Supersonic Shock Wave Interaction with Film Cooling, and High-Pressure Subscale Combustion Chamber of Film Cooling Liquid-Propellant Rocket Engines are all covered in this review study. Using earth-storable, space-storable, and cryogenic propellant combinations, the study establishes the applicability of film cooling to rocket engines in the high thrust range. The study's findings are given in this publication. Additionally, data from studies mixing different types of propellant were used to evaluate the analytical model's accuracy. Tests employing supersonic film cooling were done in the wind tunnel to investigate the impact of external shock waves on ...


Support New Business To Solve Old Problems With Kentucky’S Keystone Waste From Bourbon & Brewing, Samuel C. Kessler 2022 Commonwealth Policy Coalition, University of Louisville Chapter

Support New Business To Solve Old Problems With Kentucky’S Keystone Waste From Bourbon & Brewing, Samuel C. Kessler

Commonwealth Policy Papers

Provided here is a policy solution from the backside of Kentucky bourbon and brewing to upcycle Kentucky’s “keystone” wastes and grow businesses in the process. Potential effects range from removing the bottleneck on bourbon production and producing GHG-friendly biogas to lowering the price of milk.This full whitepaper brief provides an incentive model for keystone wastes which have a provider and a use. It is equally applicable for policymakers or advocates wishing to place a policy incentive behind waste-to-product upcycling, businesses involved with methane sequestration & renewable biogas energy, and shifting regulatory and penalizing models of pollution into incentive model ...


Complex System Governance Leadership, David C. Walters 2022 Old Dominion University

Complex System Governance Leadership, David C. Walters

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to develop a systems theory-based framework for leadership in governance of complex systems. Recognizing complexity and uncertainty as norms for the environments in which organizations exist encouraged researchers to suggest complexity theory, complex systems, and complex adaptive systems as appropriate for addressing these conditions. Complex System Governance (CSG), based in systems theory, management cybernetics, and governance, endeavors to provide for the design, execution and evolution of functions that provide control, communication, coordination, and integration at the metasystem level to support operations and continued system existence (viability). From a management cybernetics perspective, CSG leadership has ...


Chen-Fliess Series For Linear Distributed Systems, Natalie T. Pham 2022 Old Dominion University

Chen-Fliess Series For Linear Distributed Systems, Natalie T. Pham

Electrical & Computer Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Distributed systems like fluid flow and heat transfer are modeled by partial differential equations (PDEs). In control theory, distributed systems are generally reformulated in terms of a linear state space realization, where the state space is an infinite dimensional Banach space or Hilbert space. In the finite dimension case, the input-output map can always be written in terms of a Chen-Fliess functional series, that is, a weighted sum of iterated integrals of the components of the input function. The Chen-Fliess functional series has been used to describe interconnected nonlinear systems, to solve system inversion and tracking problems, and to design ...


Protecting Our Community From The Hidden Vulnerabilities Of Today’S Intelligent Transportation Systems, Shahab Tayeb 2022 California State University, Fresno

Protecting Our Community From The Hidden Vulnerabilities Of Today’S Intelligent Transportation Systems, Shahab Tayeb

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

The ever-evolving technology interwoven into the transportation industry leaves it frequently at risk for cyber-attacks. This study analyzes the security of a common in-vehicle network, the Controller Area Network (CAN), standard in most vehicles being manufactured today. Like many other networks, CAN comes with inherent vulnerabilities that leave CAN implementations at risk of being targeted by cybercriminals. Such vulnerabilities range from eavesdropping, where the attacker can read the raw data traversing the vehicle, to spoofing, where the attacker can place fabricated traffic on the network. The research team initially performed a simulation of CAN traffic generation followed by hardware implementation ...


Students Interest And Thoughts On Stem, Chrisitine Girtain 2022 Toms River High School North

Students Interest And Thoughts On Stem, Chrisitine Girtain

STEM Month

I am Juan Sebastian Bohorquez Mora, I am a sophomore student at Toms River High School North. I am interested in biofuels because I believe they are a good option to replace fossil fuels. I am also interested in duckweed because biofuels are made out of crops, and people need to eat those crops. That’s when duckweed comes in and it can be used as a feedstock for ethanol production which is a biofuel. Bioethanol is a type of biofuel and it is derived from the corn’s starch. Instead of making ethanol from the corn’s starch, we ...


Human-Machine Communication Scholarship Trends: An Examination Of Research From 2011 To 2021 In Communication Journals, Riley J. Richards, Patric R. Spence, Chad Edwards 2022 Oregon Institute of Technology

Human-Machine Communication Scholarship Trends: An Examination Of Research From 2011 To 2021 In Communication Journals, Riley J. Richards, Patric R. Spence, Chad Edwards

Human-Machine Communication

Despite a relatively short history, the modern-day study of communication has grown into multiple subfields. To better understand the relationship between Human-Machine Communication (HMC) research and traditional communication science, this study examines the published scholarship in 28 communication-specific journals from 2011–2021 focused on human-machine communication (HMC). Findings suggest limited prior emphasis of HMC research within the 28 reviewed journals; however, more recent trends show a promising future for HMC scholarship. Additionally, HMC appears to be diverse in the specific context areas of research in the communication context. Finally, we offer future directions of research and suggestions for the development ...


Optimal Kanban Number: An Integrated Lean And Simulation Modelling Approach, Angassu Girma Mullisa, Walid Abdul-Kader 2022 Addis Ababa Institute of Technology

Optimal Kanban Number: An Integrated Lean And Simulation Modelling Approach, Angassu Girma Mullisa, Walid Abdul-Kader

Mechanical, Automotive & Materials Engineering Publications

Kanban is credited as a major means to controlling the inventory within a manufacturing system. Determining the optimum number of Kanban is of great interest for manufacturing industries. To fulfill this aim, an integrated modelling approach using discrete-event simulation technique and Kanban Lean tool is developed for a pull system ensuring an optimum Kanban number. This research has developed a base-case simulation model which was statistically validated using ANOVA. Initial Kanban number obtained from the mathematical model of Toyota motor company is used to obtain initial results. A Kanban integrated simulation model is developed that employed the idea of pull ...


Importance Measure-Based Maintenance Strategy Considering Maintenance Costs, Chao Zhang, Yadong Zhang, Hongyan Dui, Shaoping Wang, Mileta M. Tomovic 2022 Old Dominion University

Importance Measure-Based Maintenance Strategy Considering Maintenance Costs, Chao Zhang, Yadong Zhang, Hongyan Dui, Shaoping Wang, Mileta M. Tomovic

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

Maintenance is an important way to ensure the best performance of repairable systems. This paper considers how to reduce system maintenance cost while ensuring consistent system performance. Due to budget constraints, preventive maintenance (PM) can be done on only some of the system components. Also, different selections of components to be maintained can have markedly different effects on system performance. On the basis of the above issues, this paper proposes an importance-based maintenance priority (IBMP) model to guide the selection of PM components. Then the model is extended to find the degree of correlation between two components to be maintained ...


Performing A Penetration Test On A Storage Network, Scott Moskal 2022 The University of Akron

Performing A Penetration Test On A Storage Network, Scott Moskal

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

A small storage network will be designed with two wired routers, one wireless router, a switch, two laptops, a desktop, and a Raspberry Pi. Both laptops will be connected to the wireless router. The HP laptop will run Parrot OS and the Acer laptop will run Windows 11. The wireless router will be connected to the second router via port eth0. The eth2 port on the second router will be connected to eth1 port of the third router. The third router will be connected to the eth0 port of the Netgear switch. The switch will have two VLANs. VLAN 10 ...


Airspace Integration Of New Entrants And Safety Risk Management Models, Fadjimata Issoufou Anaroua 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Airspace Integration Of New Entrants And Safety Risk Management Models, Fadjimata Issoufou Anaroua

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses


In recent years, the demand for airspace access of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) increased significantly and is continuously increasing for different altitude-types UAS. A similar evolution is expected from Commercial Space Operations (CSO) in the next years. These aviation/aerospace systems will need to be seamlessly integrated into the National Airspace System (NAS), at their operational altitude levels, and accounted for from all perspectives, including proactively addressing their safety hazards. This thesis captures the requirements for the new entrants’ integration, and then identifies and analyzes the safety risks added to the NAS operations by its new entrants, the future omnipresent ...


Forecasting Nigeria's Electricity Demand And Energy Efficiency Potential Under Climate Uncertainty, Olawale Olabisi 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Forecasting Nigeria's Electricity Demand And Energy Efficiency Potential Under Climate Uncertainty, Olawale Olabisi

Doctoral Dissertations

The increasing population and socio-economic growth of Nigeria, coupled with the current, unmet electricity demand, requires the need for power supply facilities expansion. Of all Nigeria’s electricity consumption by sector, the residential sector is the largest and growing at a very fast rate. To meet this growing demand, an accurate estimation of the demand into the future that will guide policy makers to adequately plan for the expansion of electricity supply and distribution, and energy efficiency standards and labeling must be made. To achieve this, a residential electricity demand forecast model that can correctly predict future demand and guide ...


Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Automobile collisions occur daily. We now live in an information-driven world, one where technology is quickly evolving. Blockchain technology can change the automotive industry, the safety of the motoring public and its surrounding environment by incorporating this vast array of information. It can place safety and efficiency at the forefront to pedestrians, public establishments, and provide public agencies with pertinent information securely and efficiently. Other industries where Blockchain technology has been effective in are as follows: supply chain management, logistics, and banking. This paper reviews some statistical information regarding automobile collisions, Blockchain technology, Smart Contracts, Smart Cities; assesses the feasibility ...


Application Of A Blockchain Enabled Model In Disaster Aids Supply Network Resilience, Farinaz Sabz Ali Pour 2021 Old Dominion University

Application Of A Blockchain Enabled Model In Disaster Aids Supply Network Resilience, Farinaz Sabz Ali Pour

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The disaster area is a dynamic environment. The bottleneck in distributing the supplies may be from the damaged infrastructure or the unavailability of accurate information about the required amounts. The success of the disaster response network is based on collaboration, coordination, sovereignty, and equality in relief distribution. Therefore, a reliable dynamic communication system is required to facilitate the interactions, enhance the knowledge for the relief operation, prioritize, and coordinate the goods distribution. One of the promising innovative technologies is blockchain technology which enables transparent, secure, and real-time information exchange and automation through smart contracts. This study analyzes the application of ...


Wiener-Fliess Composition Of Formal Power Series: Additive Static Feedback And Shuffle Rational Series, Subbarao Venkatesh Guggilam 2021 Old Dominion University

Wiener-Fliess Composition Of Formal Power Series: Additive Static Feedback And Shuffle Rational Series, Subbarao Venkatesh Guggilam

Electrical & Computer Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The problem statement for this dissertation is two-fold. The first problem considered is when does a Chen-Fliess series in an additive static feedback connection with a formal static map yield a closed-loop system with a Chen-Fliess series expansion? This work proves that such a closed-loop system always has a Chen-Fliess series representation. Furthermore, an algorithm based on the Hopf algebras for the shuffle group and the dynamic output feedback group is designed to compute the generating series of the closed-loop system. It is proved that the additive static feedback connection preserves local convergence and relative degree, but a counterexample shows ...


Adaptive Lean Manufacturing Implementation For Organizations With Rapid Leadership Turnover, Brett Babcock 2021 University of Texas at El Paso

Adaptive Lean Manufacturing Implementation For Organizations With Rapid Leadership Turnover, Brett Babcock

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Lean Six Sigma seeks to optimize workplace efficiency and is now world renowned as the standard for how to maximize profits, perfect quality control, and emphasize workplace safety. Almost every large scale engineering company has in some shape or form a Lean Six Sigma aimed concept of operations to the point that a subset of the Lean Six Sigma Institute is focused towards compiling packages to assist those companies that have not implemented it to make the transition. These packages while efficient, operate with the understanding that the ideologies they deploy will be implemented from the top down and that ...


Continuity Of Chen-Fliess Series For Applications In System Identification And Machine Learning, Rafael Dahmen, W. Steven Gray, Alexander Schmeding 2021 Old Dominion University

Continuity Of Chen-Fliess Series For Applications In System Identification And Machine Learning, Rafael Dahmen, W. Steven Gray, Alexander Schmeding

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Model continuity plays an important role in applications like system identification, adaptive control, and machine learning. This paper provides sufficient conditions under which input-output systems represented by locally convergent Chen-Fliess series are jointly continuous with respect to their generating series and as operators mapping a ball in an Lp-space to a ball in an Lq-space, where p and q are conjugate exponents. The starting point is to introduce a class of topological vector spaces known as Silva spaces to frame the problem and then to employ the concept of a direct limit to describe convergence. The proof of the main ...


Exploring Quality Management Strategies To Mitigate Culture Shock Among Cochlear Implant Users, Victor Mulume' Ambila 2021 Walden University

Exploring Quality Management Strategies To Mitigate Culture Shock Among Cochlear Implant Users, Victor Mulume' Ambila

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

AbstractAfter the cochlear implant (CI) activation period and therapy, adult CI users who travel overseas encounter culture shock factors that paralyze their coping capability, which need normalization through management strategies during the post-cochlear-implantation process (PCIP). In the structure of the conceptual framework, a plan is presented for addressing the management strategy. An integrated system of product-process-service-care portrays the product as an active implant within an individual bearer fostering a CI user’s physical, physiological, and psychological traits. The problematic aspects alter the end users’ coping capability in an unfamiliar host environment abroad. The qualitative research approach used was a single ...


The Role Of Feedback In The Assimilation Of Information In Prediction Markets, Richard Donald Jolly 2011 Portland State University

The Role Of Feedback In The Assimilation Of Information In Prediction Markets, Richard Donald Jolly

Dissertations and Theses

Leveraging the knowledge of an organization is an ongoing challenge that has given rise to the field of knowledge management. Yet, despite spending enormous sums of organizational resources on Information Technology (IT) systems, executives recognize there is much more knowledge to harvest. Prediction markets are emerging as one tool to help extract this tacit knowledge and make it operational. Yet, prediction markets, like other markets, are subject to pathologies (e.g., bubbles and crashes) which compromise their accuracy and may discourage organizational use.

The techniques of experimental economics were used to study the characteristics of prediction markets. Empirical data was ...


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