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City Profile Of Richmond, Julian Maxwell Hayter 2015 University of Richmond

City Profile Of Richmond, Julian Maxwell Hayter

Jepson School of Leadership Studies articles, book chapters and other publications

Cities are never blank slates. Every urban ranking and rating begs acknowledgement of lasting cultural legacies and histories. It is essential that any quantitative assessment not stand outside of context. At stake is the difference between possessing sheer quantities of information, on the one hand, and quality knowledge, or wisdom, on the other. In order to put data into a context for wise action, Thriving Cities has created distinct city profiles for its pilot cities.

These profiles are central in that they characterize a given pilot city in relation to the Project's distinctive "human ecology" framework and research design ...


Building On Social Capital To Improve Health: The Interactional Approach To Community Development, Matthew Charles Tomlin Mr 2015 Illinois State University

Building On Social Capital To Improve Health: The Interactional Approach To Community Development, Matthew Charles Tomlin Mr

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

Since political scientist, Robert Putnam, (1995) brought the concept of social capital into popular discourse, there has been a surge in debate over its definition, causes, and consequences in a range of social science disciplines. While social capital has been found to support self-rated overall health at the state level (Kawachi et al, 1999), there is still a dearth of data and research on localities in different regions of the country. This study analyzes survey data collected in the United Way of McLean County’s 2014 Community Assessment to better understand the dynamic between social capital and health in one ...


Developing Effective Diabetes Programming For Black Men., Tera R. Hurt, Asania H. Seawell, Margaret C. Shirley 2015 Iowa State University

Developing Effective Diabetes Programming For Black Men., Tera R. Hurt, Asania H. Seawell, Margaret C. Shirley

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

The purpose of this study is to obtain feedback from 20 men on developing effective programming to reduce the impact of diabetes (t2dm) among Black men. Three focus groups were convened in Des Moines, Iowa. Men were recruited, all either diagnosed with t2dm (n = 10), pre-diabetic (n = 1), or experienced t2dm through family and friends (n = 9). The results highlighted themes related to t2dm knowledge, masculinity, and behavioral health; gender-centered diabetes management education; and family support and functioning. Men provided recommendations for program format and content, desirable facilitator characteristics, and whether to include spouses/partners, relatives, and friends. These results ...


The Gender Of Renewable Energy: Theory On The Politics Of Sustainable Energy Development In Iceland, Jamie Woodworth 2015 University of Colorado, Boulder

The Gender Of Renewable Energy: Theory On The Politics Of Sustainable Energy Development In Iceland, Jamie Woodworth

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The role of women in sustainable development has largely been marginalized within the worldwide political milieu. However, with increasing women’s leadership in the policy realm, gender analysis takes on a new relevance. My research investigates how gender representation and feminine versus masculine modalities of governance impact the adoption and formation of renewable energy policy, and shape environmental discourses. Today, women, inside and outside of government, play an increasing role in global sustainability initiatives. Applying gender to political analysis can help elucidate how to advance the development of a sustainable energy future. I elaborate on the gender politics of sustainability ...


Negotiating Work And Family: Lifestyle Migration, Potential Selves And The Role Of Second Homes As Potential Spaces, Brian Hoey 2014 Marshall University

Negotiating Work And Family: Lifestyle Migration, Potential Selves And The Role Of Second Homes As Potential Spaces, Brian Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

This article is based on ethnographic research conducted in the USA with migrants who use an act of relocation as a means of deliberately constructing identity as well as seeking greater ‘balance’ and ‘control’ in their lives. Specifically, it examines how ‘second’ homes can serve as a transitional or ‘potential space’ in the lives of these migrants not only between different geographic places but also what are taken to be distinct identities and ideals associated with these places and the lives lived in them. Such behaviour is not simply about coping and adapting to a new environment; rather, it is ...


Creating Healthy Community In The Postindustrial City, Brian A. Hoey 2014 Marshall University

Creating Healthy Community In The Postindustrial City, Brian A. Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

This chapter explores how community might be reimagined for the benefit of public health as well as to promote incipient social or economic agendas born of progressive citizen action aimed at what is commonly characterized as development or, perhaps, even more broadly as “growth.” Can a city like Huntington, West Virginia, emerge as a positive example of what we might term postindustrial urban regeneration and perhaps even community healing? Can this happen specifically through a grassroots movement now finding local governmental support in a collective attempt to transform this place from one defined primarily by the productive capacity of factories ...


Capitalizing On Distinctiveness: Creating Wv For A New Economy, Brian A. Hoey 2014 Marshall University

Capitalizing On Distinctiveness: Creating Wv For A New Economy, Brian A. Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

This article explores use of images and ideas of place to promote particular social and economic agendas within the regional context of Appalachia. Despite prevailing imageries of backwardness and isolation that adhere to the region, as well as recent history of often-bleak economic conditions, communities such as Huntington, West Virginia, are ideal places to observe inventive forms of community-building, place-making, and place-marketing that borrow from emerging cultural and economic models and stand in sharp contrast to a once dominant paradigm that encouraged capital investment by relying simply on tax breaks and the provision of cheap land and labor to attract ...


Attaining Sustainability: The American Evolution Of Socially Responsible Business Practices, Lauren M. Beatty 2014 Olivet Nazarene University

Attaining Sustainability: The American Evolution Of Socially Responsible Business Practices, Lauren M. Beatty

Alumni Scholarship

The focus of this thesis is on the evolution of socially responsible business practices (SRBPs); the historical progression of commercial philanthropy; the current market trends that drive corporate actions; and the projected rise of social responsibility integration within organizational cultures. The purpose of this paper is to provide evidence for how SRBPs contribute to, rather than detract from, the strength and success of American consumer goods companies because of their strategic integration in organizational cultures. In addition to providing a brief historical overview of the evolution of SRBPs, the thesis will highlight how the objectives of SRBPs have continuously advanced ...


Black Men And The Decision To Marry, Tera R. Hurt 2014 Iowa State University

Black Men And The Decision To Marry, Tera R. Hurt

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

The purpose of this descriptive study is to understand the decision to marry among a sample of 52 married Black men. Qualitative inquiry was used to explore this issue. The men noted five factors that encouraged marriage: wife's characteristics, spirituality, desire to be together, readiness to marry, and encouragement from others. Five barriers to marriage were personal reservations, perceived loss of freedom, disapproval from others, prior relationship experiences, and finances. If they had to make the choice to marry again, 44% reported they would marry at the same time, 30% would opt to marry later, and 23% would select ...


Connecting Through Consilience: Ecology, Society, Culture And Technology, Ruth Mirams, Alexander Hayes 2014 University of Wollongong

Connecting Through Consilience: Ecology, Society, Culture And Technology, Ruth Mirams, Alexander Hayes

Alexander Hayes Mr.

Amongst linguistic, cultural and geographic diversity, humanity is characterised by inquisitiveness, communication and a deep desire to connect with each other. Despite our advanced intelligence and technological capacity, we are creatures of nature - a species which occupies a habitat, depends on consumable resources and fragile in many ways. As a species, we currently face challenges including overpopulation, diminishing resources and habitat degradation. In essence, we are exhausting the resources we depend on. [1] Resource depletion, disruption, famine, growth and sustainability are all observable in other species and natural systems. Human societies and systems can be described through the same scaling ...


An Evaluation Of The Food Web Dynamics And Predator Prey Interactions In Scofield Reservoir, Lisa K. Winters 2014 Utah State University

An Evaluation Of The Food Web Dynamics And Predator Prey Interactions In Scofield Reservoir, Lisa K. Winters

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Aquatic food webs are comprised of complex spatial and temporal interactions within and among trophic levels. Human manipulations, such as construction of reservoirs, enhance uncertainties in our understanding of aquatic food web structure. Reservoirs are novel ecosystems which contain a unique composition of species. Species introductions into reservoirs may disrupt interactions within an already complex and poorly understood food web.

In Scofield Reservoir in central Utah, a rapidly expanding population of Utah chub poses a detrimental threat to the blue-ribbon trout fishery. The Utah Division of Wildlife Resources has recently stocked cutthroat trout and tiger trout (a brown trout x ...


Adolescent And Adult Perceptions Of Adolescent Diet, Physical Activity, Body Size, And Obesity Prevention In Botswana, Corbett D. Brown 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Adolescent And Adult Perceptions Of Adolescent Diet, Physical Activity, Body Size, And Obesity Prevention In Botswana, Corbett D. Brown

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Obesity is a worldwide health problem affecting developed and developing nations. Botswana is an upper-middle income nation experiencing rapid urbanization, economic, and nutritional change. The combined prevalence of adolescent overweight and obesity has now surpassed underweight. Little is known regarding the adolescent and adult perceptions of adolescent diet, physical activity, body size, the meaning of obesity, and obesity prevention interventions. This qualitative-descriptive study uses Ecological Systems Theory to analyze and interpret data from 15 focus groups (12 adolescent and 3 parent focus groups of unrelated participants) conducted in Gaborone, Botswana. The purpose of this study is to describe the factors ...


The Cultural Contexts Of Children’S Prosocial Behaviors, Maria Rosario de Guzman, Kieu-Anh Do, Car Mun Kok 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Cultural Contexts Of Children’S Prosocial Behaviors, Maria Rosario De Guzman, Kieu-Anh Do, Car Mun Kok

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

In 1976 Beatrice Whiting famously urged researchers to “unpackage” the concept of culture and related constructs. She highlighted the need in social and behavioral research to tease out the complex and often interwoven factors that might underlie superficial culture group differences in child outcomes and suggested looking more closely at the child’s learning environment, the details within which could provide important insight regarding children’s behaviors that could better explain how culture might be manifested in the developmental landscape (Whiting, 1976). Almost 40 years later, the importance of culture in children’s development is widely recognized, nonetheless researchers continue ...


Hanging Out In The Concrete Jungle: Exploring The Culture Of Youth Homelessness In Melbourne, Jennifer L. Hill 2014 Australian Catholic University

Hanging Out In The Concrete Jungle: Exploring The Culture Of Youth Homelessness In Melbourne, Jennifer L. Hill

Theses

Since early nineteenth century much homeless literature has conceptualised groups of homeless people as a homeless ‘subculture’ with distinct characteristics and norms. Theories of youth homelessness suggest that young people who participate in the subculture are at a high risk of experiencing chronic homelessness into their adulthood yet, until recently very little has been known about the youth homeless culture, particularly in the Australian context. In order to widen our understanding of the homelessness experienced by young people we must first understand the context in which they conduct their lives. This thesis is the result of an ethnographic study that ...


The Physiological Effects Of Resistant Starch On Obesity And Diabetes, Felicia Robin Goldsmith 2014 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Physiological Effects Of Resistant Starch On Obesity And Diabetes, Felicia Robin Goldsmith

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Three studies were performed to determine the effects of RS on body weight and adiposity in HF DIO, diabetic C57BL/6J and GLP-1 receptor KO mice as well as genetically obese ZDF rats. The first study was a dose-response experiment for HM260 (0, 15, or 28 g/100 g diet) against the anti-diabetes drug SG (Januvia®) (0 or 0.4 g/100 g diet) in HF DIO C57BL/6J (n=55) mice injected with STZ in order to assess synergy. The most effective combination was used in the second study, the purpose of which was to determine the mechanistic importance ...


Development Of A Food Preference Survey, Amber Bourgeois McGuerty 2014 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Development Of A Food Preference Survey, Amber Bourgeois Mcguerty

LSU Master's Theses

This study developed a food preference survey to estimate adolescents’ willingness to consume energy-dense foods and sugar-sweetened beverages. Five focus group interviews with 13 to 19 year-old students were conducted, and items representing energy-dense foods, energy-dilute foods, sweetened beverages, and unsweetened beverages were determined (5 per category). The final survey was administered to 234 students. Willingness to consume items was assessed using a 7-point Likert Scale (1, representing “Extremely Unwilling” to 7, indicating “Extremely Willing”). Exploratory Factor Analysis using Principal Axis factoring with a Promax (oblique) rotation revealed two factors. Factor one included French fries, Kool-Aid, glazed donuts, cookies, lemonade ...


Relational Ecology: A Theoretical Framework For Understanding The Human-Animal Bond, Jennifer M. Putney 2013 Simmons College

Relational Ecology: A Theoretical Framework For Understanding The Human-Animal Bond, Jennifer M. Putney

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This qualitative study investigated the perceived impact of companion animals on the psychological well-being of lesbian women over age 65. Twelve women, ranging in age from 65-80, were interviewed with a semi-structured interview guide. Four thematic findings are highlighted: love and attachment, animals in transitional spaces, challenges and rewards of caregiving, and preparation for death. The author offers the term "relational ecology" to explain how animals contribute to well-being. This integrates the growth task model of human development, object relations theory, liminality, and deep ecology.


Expanding The Ecological Lens In Child Welfare Practice To Include Other Animals, Christina Risley-Curtiss 2013 Arizona State University

Expanding The Ecological Lens In Child Welfare Practice To Include Other Animals, Christina Risley-Curtiss

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Sixty-nine million U.S. households have companion animals and most of these families consider these animals to be family members. Research shows that children have powerful emotional connections with animals that can be both beneficial and harmful. Considerable research findings report that violence against animals often co-occurs with, indicates, or predicts other forms of family violence, including child abuse. A companion animal may be an abused child's confidante, and separation from that animal through foster care may be a source of stress and grief for that child. Child welfare agencies are slowly acknowledging some animal-human relationships, especially in regard ...


Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant: Early Human Settlement Of The High-Altitude Pucuncho Basin, Southern Peruvian Andes, Daniel H. Sandweiss, Kurt Rademaker 2013 Principal Investigator; University of Maine, Orono

Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant: Early Human Settlement Of The High-Altitude Pucuncho Basin, Southern Peruvian Andes, Daniel H. Sandweiss, Kurt Rademaker

University of Maine Office of Research Administration: Grant Reports

Under the direction of Dr. Daniel Sandweiss, Mr. Kurt Rademaker will collect data for his doctoral dissertation research. His project focuses on determining the timing of early human occupation in the Andes Mountains. Human settlement of Earth's high-altitude mountains and plateaus is among the most recent of our species' bio-geographic expansions. Current anthropological models emphasize the physiographic and biological challenges inherent to these extreme environments to explain a lack of pre-11,000 year-old archaeological evidence above 3500 m elevation in the Andes and on the high Tibetan Plateau. However few archaeological studies targeting hunter-gatherer sites have been conducted in ...


Acceptance And Support Of The Australian Carbon Policy, Stacia J. Dreyer, Iain Walker 2013 University of Maine

Acceptance And Support Of The Australian Carbon Policy, Stacia J. Dreyer, Iain Walker

Publications

In July 2012, the Australian government instituted the Clean Energy Legislative Package. This policy, commonly known as the carbon policy or carbon tax, holds industries responsible for emissions they release through a carbon price. Because this will have an indirect effect on consumer costs, the policy also includes a compensation package for households indirectly impacted. This study, building upon past work in distributive justice, examines the determinants of the policy’s acceptance and support. We proposed perceived fairness and effectiveness of the policy, and endorsement of free-market ideology, would directly predict policy acceptance. We tested this through an on-line survey ...


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