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Introduction To America's Four Gods: What We Say About God And What That Says About Us, Paul Froese, Christoper Bader 2010 Baylor University

Introduction To America's Four Gods: What We Say About God And What That Says About Us, Paul Froese, Christoper Bader

Sociology Faculty Books and Book Chapters

Despite all the hype surrounding the "New Atheism," the United States remains one of the most religious nations on Earth. In fact, 95% of Americans believe in God--a level of agreement rarely seen in American life. The greatest divisions in America are not between atheists and believers, or even between people of different faiths. What divides us, this groundbreaking book shows, is how we conceive of God and the role He plays in our daily lives.

America's Four Gods draws on the most wide-ranging, comprehensive, and illuminating survey of American's religious beliefs ever conducted to offer a systematic ...


Out-Of-School Time Matters: Activity Involvement And Positive Development Among Coos County Youth, Erin H. Sharp 2010 University of New Hampshire

Out-Of-School Time Matters: Activity Involvement And Positive Development Among Coos County Youth, Erin H. Sharp

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

This brief looks at the connections between how youth spend their free time and positive or negative attitudes about themselves and their future plans. Family studies assistant professor and Carsey faculty fellow Erin Hiley Sharp used data from the Carsey Institute's Coos County Youth Survey to show differences by activity level and students' expectations for positive outcomes in their future.


Gendered Disparities In Take-Ups Of Employee Health Benefits, Jennifer Reid Keene, Anastasia H. Prokos 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Gendered Disparities In Take-Ups Of Employee Health Benefits, Jennifer Reid Keene, Anastasia H. Prokos

Sociology Faculty Publications

Using a sample of 2,271 workers from the 2002 National Study of the Changing Workforce whose employers offered personal health insurance, this article investigates the gendered nature of health insurance benefit take-ups. These analyses include family and employment characteristics in addition to employers’ contributions to health insurance premiums, a measure that is unexamined in sociological analyses of health benefits. Progressive logistic regression models predict the effects of gender and family characteristics. Results indicate that women with employed spouses are less likely to take up their own health benefits than are comparable men, net of basic employment characteristics. Gender differences ...


The Impact Of Therapeutic Alliance On Outcomes In Parent-Child Dyadic Interventions, Ryan M. Smith 2010 Antioch University - Santa Barbara

The Impact Of Therapeutic Alliance On Outcomes In Parent-Child Dyadic Interventions, Ryan M. Smith

Dissertations & Theses

An infant’s attachment relationship with primary caregivers has been demonstrated to have a long-term relationship to an individual’s social and emotional functioning throughout the lifespan. Recognizing the critical importance of this period, interventions to facilitate secure attachment are now being evaluated for treatment efficacy. Evaluation of these treatments has typically focused on the components of treatment, examining changes in maternal sensitivity, parental attachment representations, and concrete support to address basic needs, housing, or other contextual factors, and evidence has been found to support the inclusion of these factors. However, little is known regarding what elements of treatment impact ...


The Relationship Of Health, Loneliness, Housing, And Communities For Aging Adults, Laura Elizabeth Severson 2010 Iowa State University

The Relationship Of Health, Loneliness, Housing, And Communities For Aging Adults, Laura Elizabeth Severson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Increases in the aging population, coupled with the desire to age in place, requires additional research to understand what is needed to keep elders healthy, safe, and independent for as long as possible. This study examined the relationships among home accessibility, community livability, loneliness, and health to better understand the implications for those who age in place. Analyses were computed on a subsample of 1,134 individuals (55.4% male) aged 65 and older from the 2005 Iowa Family Survey. Regression analyses predicted relationships among the variables. Older adults had better levels of health when communities were larger, included more ...


Understanding Health In Very Late Adulthood: The Role Of Personal, Social, And Community-Care Resources, Neha Deshpande 2010 Iowa State University

Understanding Health In Very Late Adulthood: The Role Of Personal, Social, And Community-Care Resources, Neha Deshpande

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this study were to (a) to understand health in very late life (b) to identify the mechanisms through which personal, social, and community-care resources influence multiple health outcomes in very late life. This study used the data (N = 197) from Phase III of the Georgia Centenarian Study (GCS). The Georgia Centenarian Study collected data from centenarians and near centenarians (98 years and older), octogenarians (80 years and older) as well as their proxy informants. The results of structural equation modeling demonstrated differential pathways for effects of psychosocial resources on four health outcomes (proxy-rated centenarian health, functional health ...


Professional Burnout And Compassion Fatigue Among Early Childhood Special Education Teachers, Lisa Ann Naig 2010 Iowa State University

Professional Burnout And Compassion Fatigue Among Early Childhood Special Education Teachers, Lisa Ann Naig

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explored stress and coping as related to the phenomena of professional burnout, compassion fatigue, and resiliency in early childhood special education (ECSE) teachers. Interviews and observations were conducted with four ECSE teachers and the data were analyzed to identify stressors, coping strategies, and resiliency outcomes. First, ECSE teachers experienced stressors from teaming, working with families who face challenges, and carrying high caseloads and paperwork demands. Second, ECSE teachers coped in a variety of ways with the stress they experienced. It was difficult to attribute the use of specific coping strategies directly to less burnout and compassion fatigue for ...


Utilization Of Care Services Among The Oldest Old, Laura Catherine Temple Scheetz 2010 Iowa State University

Utilization Of Care Services Among The Oldest Old, Laura Catherine Temple Scheetz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Background: Home health care services for older adults are essential to their ability to age in place as independently as their health will allow. Prior research examining care service utilization has typically included age, but has generally not looked at how different older adult age groups use care services, and examined centenarians specifically. Objective: The present research is designed to examine if the predictors of care services utilization are the same for those in their 80s and those aged 100 and over and if centenarians will need more services than those in their 80s. Methods: The data reported in the ...


Male College Students' Accounts Of Their Resilience From Risky Behaviors During Adolescence: A Qualitative Analysis, Matthew Thomas Hiveley 2010 Iowa State University

Male College Students' Accounts Of Their Resilience From Risky Behaviors During Adolescence: A Qualitative Analysis, Matthew Thomas Hiveley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Using grounded theory with a constructivist perspective, this study sought to gain greater insight and understanding regarding how a select group of males were able to demonstrate resilience by overcoming risky behaviors. Male college students with past

engagement in risky behaviors were interviewed to gain their perceptions of what helped them to discontinue their risky behaviors during adolescence and demonstrate resilience. Participants were asked to share what it was that specifically contributed to their risky

behaviors and themes were developed based on their responses using a grounded theory method to further understand what helped them to demonstrate their resilience. Implications ...


The Effects Of Caregiver Depression And Caregiver Stress On The Relationship Between Poverty And Social And Emotional Development In Children, William Roy Henninger Iv 2010 Iowa State University

The Effects Of Caregiver Depression And Caregiver Stress On The Relationship Between Poverty And Social And Emotional Development In Children, William Roy Henninger Iv

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Literature on the course of children's social emotional development in early childhood is abundant. In addition, literature has identified that various family level variables play a role in a children's social emotional development. However, little research has utilized longitudinal panel data to investigate the relationship between children's social emotional development and caregiver's psychological well being.

In this paper, latent growth curves were constructed for children's externalizing behaviors, caregiver depression, and caregiver stress. Latent growth curves were constructed for caregiver stress, caregiver depression, and child externalizing behaviors. The mean score for participants were highest at the ...


The Effect Of Video Games On Family Communication And Interaction, Dustin L. Redmond 2010 Iowa State University

The Effect Of Video Games On Family Communication And Interaction, Dustin L. Redmond

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effect of video games on communication and interaction between participants and their family members. These variables were measured using an online survey derived from the Family Communication Scale, the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, and the Anderson Video Game Questionnaire. A total of 480 18-year-old college students were recruited via email to complete the survey. Correlational and regression analyses revealed a significant negative relationship between the total amount of time an individual spent playing video games and the amount of parent communication and sibling communication. However, the relationship between video game usage and interaction with ...


Adopted College Students' Family Adoption Communication Processes: A Mixed Methods Study, Diana L. Baltimore 2010 Iowa State University

Adopted College Students' Family Adoption Communication Processes: A Mixed Methods Study, Diana L. Baltimore

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this mixed methods study were to examine adopted college students' adoption-related experiences, family communication processes, topic avoidance, and reasons for topic avoidance. The study utilized qualitative findings from a previous study to inform the creation of a new web-based survey instrument comprised of Likert-type, dichotomous, and open-ended response questions. A census sampling was used to collect data from all adult college students (N=25,526) enrolled in a midwestern public university. Descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analyses, and a MANOVA were used to analyze quantitative data and inductive analysis with open coding was employed to explore qualitative responses ...


"The God Of All Comfort:" Experiences From A Biblically-Based Perinatal Loss Support Group, Teske Renee Drake 2010 Iowa State University

"The God Of All Comfort:" Experiences From A Biblically-Based Perinatal Loss Support Group, Teske Renee Drake

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Perinatal loss, the loss of a baby during pregnancy, through stillbirth, or neonatal death, often goes unrecognized in society (Cacciatore, 2009; Corr, 1998; Kish & Holder, 1996). Still, it is estimated that one in five pregnancies end in miscarriage (Brier, 2008), there are over 26,000 stillbirths each year in the U.S. and the neonatal death rate if 6.8 per every1,000 live births (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003). Despite the prevalence of such loss, women report feeling isolated through such experiences (Cacciatore, 2009; St John, Cooke, & Goopy, 2006). The purpose of this critical ethnography is to explore the support experiences of bereaved mothers who participate in the Mommies with Hope, a biblically-based perinatal loss support group. Viewing perinatal loss as a disenfranchised grief, this qualitative study aims to break the silence that surrounds women's perinatal loss experiences and offer validation. Through participant observations, individual interviews, and focus groups, I uncover how women experience support through Mommies with Hope ...


The Role Of Social Support Systems In Reducing Loneliness And Social Isolation For Parents Whose Partner Work Fly-In/Fly-Out, Nicole Fresle 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Role Of Social Support Systems In Reducing Loneliness And Social Isolation For Parents Whose Partner Work Fly-In/Fly-Out, Nicole Fresle

Theses : Honours

Fly-in/fly-out (FIFO) practices in the mining and contracting industries are currently prominent and expanding throughout Western Australia. There is a strong need for effective social support systems for families during the worker's deployment due to long periods of time apart, reappraisal of family roles and social isolation. This study used a hermeneutic phenomenological approach to explore the lived experiences of parents whose partners are employed on a fly-in/fly-out basis and their views of social support systems in addressing the issues of loneliness and isolation. Family resilience was also utilised to investigate how female home-based partners deal with ...


Communalism Predicts Prenatal Affect, Stress, And Physiology Better Than Ethnicity And Socioeconomic Status, Cleopatra M. Abdou, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Belinda Campos, Clayton J. Hilmert, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Calvin J. Hobel, Laura M. Glynn, Curt A. Sandman 2010 University of Michigan

Communalism Predicts Prenatal Affect, Stress, And Physiology Better Than Ethnicity And Socioeconomic Status, Cleopatra M. Abdou, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Belinda Campos, Clayton J. Hilmert, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Calvin J. Hobel, Laura M. Glynn, Curt A. Sandman

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

The authors examined the relevance of communalism, operationalized as a cultural orientation emphasizing interdependence, to maternal prenatal emotional health and physiology and distinguished its effects from those of ethnicity and childhood and adult socioeconomic status (SES). African American and European American women (N = 297) were recruited early in pregnancy and followed through 32 weeks gestation using interviews and medical chart review. Overall, African American women and women of lower socioeconomic backgrounds had higher levels of negative affect, stress, and blood pressure, but these ethnic and socioeconomic disparities were not observed among women higher in communalism. Hierarchical multivariate regression analyses showed ...


Domestication Alone Does Not Lead To Inequality: Intergenerational Wealth Transmission Among Horticulturalists, Michael Gurven, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder, Paul L. Hooper, Hillard Kaplan, Robert Quinlan, Rebecca Sear, Eric Schniter, Christopher von Rueden, Samuel Bowles, Tom Hertz, Adrian Bell 2010 University of California - Santa Barbara

Domestication Alone Does Not Lead To Inequality: Intergenerational Wealth Transmission Among Horticulturalists, Michael Gurven, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder, Paul L. Hooper, Hillard Kaplan, Robert Quinlan, Rebecca Sear, Eric Schniter, Christopher Von Rueden, Samuel Bowles, Tom Hertz, Adrian Bell

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

We present empirical measures of wealth inequality and its intergenerational transmission among four horticulturalist populations. Wealth is construed broadly as embodied somatic and neural capital, including body size, fertility and cultural knowledge, material capital such as land and household wealth, and relational capital in the form of coalitional support and field labor. Wealth inequality is moderate for most forms of wealth, and intergenerational wealth transmission is low for material resources and moderate for embodied and relational wealth. Our analysis suggests that domestication alone does not transform social structure; rather, the presence of scarce, defensible resources may be required before inequality ...


Disentangling Fathering And Mothering: The Role Of Youth Personality., Heidi Stolz, B Barber, J Olsen, L Clifford 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Disentangling Fathering And Mothering: The Role Of Youth Personality., Heidi Stolz, B Barber, J Olsen, L Clifford

Heidi E Stolz

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the possibility that mothers' and fathers' support are differentially moderated by personality-informed latent classes in predicting youth social initiative, therefore making contingent the previously detected pattern of fathers' support being more impactful than mothers' support with regard to this outcome. To test this, we conducted mixture model regression analyses (separately for boys and girls). Guided by prior research, we used the youth personality scales activity, openness, and fearlessness, along with mothers' and fathers' support, to index the latent class assignments from the mixture model. Results for both boys and girls suggested ...


A Polemic On A ‘Faked’ Divorce Case (婚辯:從傅崐萁的「假離婚」談起), Jui-Chung Allen Li 2009 Academia Sinica

A Polemic On A ‘Faked’ Divorce Case (婚辯:從傅崐萁的「假離婚」談起), Jui-Chung Allen Li

Jui-Chung Allen Li

No abstract provided.


Briefing Paper: The Impact Of Divorce On Children’S Behavior Problems (With Media Reports), Jui-Chung Allen Li 2009 Academia Sinica

Briefing Paper: The Impact Of Divorce On Children’S Behavior Problems (With Media Reports), Jui-Chung Allen Li

Jui-Chung Allen Li

No abstract provided.


Place For Personhood: Individual And Local Character In Lifestyle Migration, Brian Hoey 2009 Marshall University

Place For Personhood: Individual And Local Character In Lifestyle Migration, Brian Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

While drawing on literature of narrative interpretations of the construction of self and place-based, embodied identity, this article will explore the impact of invasive market forces on intertwined processes of person, self, and place-making. It considers how resources for these projects have changed in the face of translocal market forces and neoliberal ideals. Despite numerous proclamations of an essential placelessness to contemporary American society, place continues to be a basic part of the construction of the person. In fact, a variety of place-making practices are increasingly pursued as ways of negotiating tension between personal experience with material demands in pursuit ...


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