Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Health Policy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3172 Full-Text Articles 4166 Authors 1005403 Downloads 162 Institutions

All Articles in Health Policy

Faceted Search

3172 full-text articles. Page 3 of 107.

Influence Of Pharmaceutical Marketing On Medicare Prescriptions In The District Of Columbia, Susan Wood, Joanna Podrasky, Meghan McMonagle, Janani Raveendran, Tyler Bysshe, Alycia Hogenmiller, Adriane Fugh-Berman 2017 George Washington University

Influence Of Pharmaceutical Marketing On Medicare Prescriptions In The District Of Columbia, Susan Wood, Joanna Podrasky, Meghan Mcmonagle, Janani Raveendran, Tyler Bysshe, Alycia Hogenmiller, Adriane Fugh-Berman

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

Importance

Gifts from pharmaceutical companies are believed to influence prescribing behavior, but few studies have addressed the association between industry gifts to physicians and drug costs, prescription volume, or preference for generic drugs. Even less research addresses the effect of gifts on the prescribing behavior of nurse practitioners (NPs), physician assistants (PAs), and podiatrists.

Objective

To analyze the association between gifts provided by pharmaceutical companies to individual prescribers in Washington DC and the number of prescriptions, cost of prescriptions, and proportion of branded prescriptions for each prescriber.

Design

Gifts data from the District of Columbia’s (DC) AccessRx program and ...


Clinician-Investigator Training And The Need To Pilot New Approaches To Recruiting And Retaining This Workforce., Alison K Hall, Sherry L Mills, P Kay Lund 2017 George Washington University

Clinician-Investigator Training And The Need To Pilot New Approaches To Recruiting And Retaining This Workforce., Alison K Hall, Sherry L Mills, P Kay Lund

Neurology Faculty Publications

Clinician–investigators, also called physician–scientists, offer critical knowledge and perspectives that benefit research on basic science mechanisms, improved diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, population and outcomes medicine, health policy, and health services, yet few clinically trained health professionals pursue a research career. Sustaining this workforce requires attention to the unique challenges faced by investigators who must achieve clinical and research competence during training and their careers. These challenges include the duration of required clinical training, limited or discontinuous research opportunities, high levels of educational debt, balancing the dual obligations and rewards of clinical care and research, competition for research funding ...


Key New Hampshire And Federal Statutes Regulating Health Care Delivery And Payment, Lucy Hodder 2017 University of New Hampshire School of Law

Key New Hampshire And Federal Statutes Regulating Health Care Delivery And Payment, Lucy Hodder

Law Faculty Scholarship

A summary of New Hampshire and federal regulations by subject matter, chart of New Hampshire state agency responsibilities, federal laws and regulation: An index


Community Paramedicine Pilot Programs: Lessons From Maine, Karen B. Pearson, George Shaler MPH 2017 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center

Community Paramedicine Pilot Programs: Lessons From Maine, Karen B. Pearson, George Shaler Mph

Emergency Medical Services (EMS)

Community paramedicine programs are beginning to flourish across the nation, and the need to provide demonstration or pilot programs is essential to providing a consistent and high-level standard for this model of care. While the overarching goals are to align with the Triple Aim, piloting a community paramedicine program also allows each community to develop and implement a program tailored to the healthcare needs of their specific community. A successful program builds the evidence base that can then be used to create legislative change necessary to financially sustain this model of care across the healthcare delivery system. This article provides ...


Defragmenting Delivery Systems That Drive Population Health, Glen P. Mays 2017 University of Kentucky

Defragmenting Delivery Systems That Drive Population Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This session profiles research from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Systems for Action national research program, which tests mechanisms for reducing fragmentation across medical, social, and public health delivery systems.


Building System Capital For Population Health Improvement: Networks, Incentives, And Leadership, Glen P. Mays 2017 University of Kentucky

Building System Capital For Population Health Improvement: Networks, Incentives, And Leadership, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This session reviews research on population health improvement strategies, with a focus on the role of community networks, organizational incentives, and leadership.


Public Health Systems As Dissemination & Implementation Mechanisms, Glen P. Mays 2017 University of Kentucky

Public Health Systems As Dissemination & Implementation Mechanisms, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This session reviews research evaluating community-based public health systems as dissemination and implementation mechanisms for research-tested health interventions.


Narrow Networks On The Individual Marketplace In 2017, Daniel Polsky, Janet Weiner, Yuehan Zhang 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Narrow Networks On The Individual Marketplace In 2017, Daniel Polsky, Janet Weiner, Yuehan Zhang

Issue Briefs

This Issue Brief describes the breadth of physician networks on the ACA marketplaces in 2017. We find that the overall rate of narrow networks is 21%, which is a decline since 2014 (31%) and 2016 (25%). Narrow networks are concentrated in plans sold on state-based marketplaces, at 42%, compared to 10% of plans on federally-facilitated marketplaces. Issuers that have traditionally offered Medicaid coverage have the highest prevalence of narrow network plans at 36%, with regional/local plans and provider-based plans close behind at 27% and 30%. We also find large differences in narrow networks by state and by plan type.


Stabilizing Individual Health Insurance Markets With Subsidized Reinsurance, Scott E. Harrington 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Stabilizing Individual Health Insurance Markets With Subsidized Reinsurance, Scott E. Harrington

Issue Briefs

Subsidized reinsurance represents a potentially important tool to help stabilize individual health insurance markets. This brief describes alternative forms of subsidized reinsurance and the mechanisms by which they spread risk and reduce premiums. It summarizes specific state initiatives and Congressional proposals that include subsidized reinsurance. It compares approaches to each other and to more direct subsidies of individual market enrollment. For a given amount of funding, a particular program’s efficacy will depend on how it affects insurers’ risk and the risk margins built into premiums, incentives for selecting or avoiding risks, incentives for coordinating and managing care, and the ...


Charting A Pathway Forward: Redesigning And Realigning Supports And Services For Maine's Older Adults, Eileen Griffin JD, Elizabeth C. Gattine JD 2017 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service

Charting A Pathway Forward: Redesigning And Realigning Supports And Services For Maine's Older Adults, Eileen Griffin Jd, Elizabeth C. Gattine Jd

Disability & Aging

The current growth of the population age 65 and older is one of the most significant demographic trends in the history of this country and is especially significant for Maine, where the number of people age 65 and older is growing even faster than the rest of the nation. By 2025, over a quarter of Maine’s population is expected to be age 65 and older. Because the cost of long term paid support is out of reach for many Mainers, public financing—particularly Medicaid financing—is an essential tool for addressing the long term support needs of older adults ...


Substance Use Disorder Treatment Confidentiality Boot Camp, Lucy C. Hodder, Stephanie Cameron, Marcy Doyle, Christina Muñiz, Jeanne Ryer 2017 University of New Hampshire School of Law

Substance Use Disorder Treatment Confidentiality Boot Camp, Lucy C. Hodder, Stephanie Cameron, Marcy Doyle, Christina Muñiz, Jeanne Ryer

Law Faculty Scholarship

[Excerpt]: "INTRODUCTION: The Health Law and Policy Programs at UNH School of Law, Institute for Health Policy and Practice, and the NH Citizens Health Initiative have contracted with several of the New Hampshire Building Capacity for Transformation Delivery System Reform Incentive Payment (DSRIP) Integrated Delivery Networks (IDN) to provide technical assistance to the IDNs as they develop confidentiality tools related to substance use disorder services projects.

A UNH Team assisted the IDNs by providing an educational summary of federal and state confidentiality requirements, focusing on 42 CFR Part 2, and hosting IDN interdisciplinary teams in three Substance Use Disorder (SUD ...


Trends In The Environmental Health Job Market For New Graduates, Jason W. Marion, Timothy J. Murphy PhD, Anne Marie Zimeri PhD 2017 Eastern Kentucky University

Trends In The Environmental Health Job Market For New Graduates, Jason W. Marion, Timothy J. Murphy Phd, Anne Marie Zimeri Phd

EKU Faculty and Staff Scholarship

The question of whether the job market can support future graduates of environmental health programs remains an important and difficult question for environmental health programs, current and prospective students, parents, and other stakeholders. Our previous report using 2014 data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics demonstrated anticipated growth and higher than average pay in the profession through at least 2022 for baccalaureate degree holders (Marion & Sinde, 2015). Growth in the profession does not necessarily translate into job availability if the market is saturated with job candidates. While university programs produce graduates, local health departments (LHDs) have suffered tremendous ...


Stakeholders' Views On Data Sharing In Multicenter Studies, Kathleen M. Mazor, Allison Richards, Mia Gallagher, David E. Arterburn, Marsha A. Raebel, W. Benjamin Nowell, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Andrea R. Paolino, Sengwee Toh 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Stakeholders' Views On Data Sharing In Multicenter Studies, Kathleen M. Mazor, Allison Richards, Mia Gallagher, David E. Arterburn, Marsha A. Raebel, W. Benjamin Nowell, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Andrea R. Paolino, Sengwee Toh

Open Access Articles

AIM: To understand stakeholders' views on data sharing in multicenter comparative effectiveness research studies and the value of privacy-protecting methods.

MATERIALS and METHODS: Semistructured interviews with five US stakeholder groups.

RESULTS: We completed 11 interviews, involving patients (n = 15), researchers (n = 10), Institutional Review Board and regulatory staff (n = 3), multicenter research governance experts (n = 2) and healthcare system leaders (n = 4). Perceptions of the benefits and value of research were the strongest influences toward data sharing; cost and security risks were primary influences against sharing. Privacy-protecting methods that share summary-level data were acknowledged as being appealing, but there were ...


Barriers And Facilitators To The Integration Of Mental Health Services Into Primary Health Care: A Systematic Review Protocol., Edith K Wakida, Dickens Akena, Elialilia S Okello, Alison Kinengyere, Ronald Kamoga, Arnold Mindra, Celestino Obua, Zohray M Talib 2017 George Washington University

Barriers And Facilitators To The Integration Of Mental Health Services Into Primary Health Care: A Systematic Review Protocol., Edith K Wakida, Dickens Akena, Elialilia S Okello, Alison Kinengyere, Ronald Kamoga, Arnold Mindra, Celestino Obua, Zohray M Talib

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

Background

Mental health is an integral part of health and well-being and yet health systems have not adequately responded to the burden of mental disorders. Integrating mental health services into primary health care (PHC) is the most viable way of closing the treatment gap and ensuring that people get the mental health care they need. PHC was formally adapted by the World Health Organization (WHO), and they have since invested enormous amounts of resources across the globe to ensure that integration of mental health services into PHC works.

Methods

This review will use the SPIDER (Sample, Phenomenon of Interest, Design ...


Integrating Third Party Liability (Tpl) Across Medicaid Operations And Enterprise Systems In Massachusetts, Jenifer Hartman 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Integrating Third Party Liability (Tpl) Across Medicaid Operations And Enterprise Systems In Massachusetts, Jenifer Hartman

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

This poster highlights the results of a UMass Medical School partnership with MassHealth, the Massachusetts Medicaid program, to integrate third party liability (TPL) activities across all aspects of the Medicaid program. By embedding TPL at all stages of Medicaid operations and interfacing with all Medicaid systems, the partners optimized identification of and access to TPL sources for all Medicaid members.

The TPL activities include eligibility coordination, coverage coordination, payment coordination and recovery coordination. The partnership has achieved over $40 million in cost avoidance through the identification of missed Medicare benefits, over $64 million in cost avoidance over enhanced coordination of ...


The Efficacy Of Public Health Interventions Aimed At Curbing Gun Violence: An Integrative Review, Brian Cook 2017 DePaul University

The Efficacy Of Public Health Interventions Aimed At Curbing Gun Violence: An Integrative Review, Brian Cook

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Gun violence is a pressing public health issue in the United States. Homicide is the second-leading cause of death for 15 to 24 year-old Americans, and the third-leading cause of death for 25 to 34 year-old Americans, and 80% of these homicides are committed via firearm. In recent years, the field of criminology has studied the efficacy of a variety of policing, public health, and public policy interventions that aim to reduce the incidence of gun violence, but many of their findings have yet to be incorporated into the body of nursing literature.

Objective: This project’s objective ...


A Mixed Methods Study Of Hiv-Related Services In Buprenorphine Treatment, Hannah K. Knudsen, Jennifer Cook, Michelle R. Lofwall, Sharon L. Walsh, Jamie L. Studts, Jennifer R. Havens 2017 University of Kentucky

A Mixed Methods Study Of Hiv-Related Services In Buprenorphine Treatment, Hannah K. Knudsen, Jennifer Cook, Michelle R. Lofwall, Sharon L. Walsh, Jamie L. Studts, Jennifer R. Havens

Behavioral Science Faculty Publications

Background: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a major risk factor in the acquisition and transmission of HIV. Clinical practice guidelines call for the integration of HIV services in OUD treatment. This mixed methods study describes the integration of HIV services in buprenorphine treatment and examines whether HIV services vary by prescribers’ medical specialty and across practice settings.

Methods: Data were obtained via qualitative interviews with buprenorphine experts (n = 21) and mailed surveys from US buprenorphine prescribers (n = 1174). Survey measures asked about screening for HIV risk behaviors at intake, offering HIV education, recommending all new patients receive HIV testing, and ...


Mapping The Alignment Of Programmatic Mission, Functions And Outcomes With The Attainment Of Health Equity: An Overview Of The Approach And Initial Outcomes Through The Lens Of The Usda’S Cyfar Scp Program, Onyemaechi Nweke, Kara Ryan, MPP, Bonita Williams, PhD 2017 US Environmental Protection Agency

Mapping The Alignment Of Programmatic Mission, Functions And Outcomes With The Attainment Of Health Equity: An Overview Of The Approach And Initial Outcomes Through The Lens Of The Usda’S Cyfar Scp Program, Onyemaechi Nweke, Kara Ryan, Mpp, Bonita Williams, Phd

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Eliminating health disparities is a priority across national agenda and initiatives such as the National Partnership for Action to End Health Disparities (NPA), the National Prevention Strategy, and Healthy People 2020. To advance this priority under the NPA, the Federal Interagency Health Equity Team (FIHET), which is an NPA federal cross-sector and collaborative platform, initiated a voluntary pilot “health equity mapping” exercise in 2014. This exercise served as a strategy to clarify the strategic alignment between participant federal partner program missions, goals, and activities, and the goal to end health disparities and promote health equity. The mapping process included an ...


The Effect Of Paid Sick Leave On Physician Office-Based Visits, Korvin Vicente 2017 CUNY Hunter College

The Effect Of Paid Sick Leave On Physician Office-Based Visits, Korvin Vicente

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This paper uses a balanced sample of workers from cross-sections of the National Health Interview Survey to estimate the causal effects of paid sick leave on the medical care seeking behavior of individuals, as measured by physician office-based visits.


Updates From The National Health Security Preparedness Index, Glen P. Mays 2017 University of Kentucky

Updates From The National Health Security Preparedness Index, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This session summarizes new methods and findings from the National Health Security Preparedness Index.


Digital Commons powered by bepress