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Is Antitrust's Consumer Welfare Principle Imperiled?, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Is Antitrust's Consumer Welfare Principle Imperiled?, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

Antitrust’s consumer welfare principle stands for the proposition that antitrust policy should encourage markets to produce output as high as is consistent with sustainable competition, and prices that are accordingly as low. Such a policy does not protect every interest group. For example, it opposes the interests of cartels or other competition-limiting associations who profit from lower output and higher prices. It also runs counter to the interest of less competitive firms that need higher prices in order to survive. Market structure is relevant to antitrust policy, but its importance is contingent rather than absolute – that is, market structure ...


Rethinking The Fiscal Relationship Between Public Lands And Public Land Counties: County Payments 4.0, Mark Haggerty 2018 Headwaters Economics

Rethinking The Fiscal Relationship Between Public Lands And Public Land Counties: County Payments 4.0, Mark Haggerty

Humboldt Journal of Social Relations

In 1908, Congress authorized payments to local governments, including counties and school districts, to compensate for the non-taxable status of the newly established forest reserves within their boundaries. The original program shared revenue generated from commercial activities on public lands, e.g. timber harvesting, not anticipating the major changes in the volume and types of activities on National Forest lands, particularly in the Pacific Northwest, that have played out over the past century. Two subsequent reforms – the appropriated Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) in 1976 and ‘transition’ payments made between 1990 and 2018, including payments associated with the Northwest ...


The Policy Trajectories Of Autonomous Vehicles, John Paul MacDuffie 2018 University of Pennsylvania

The Policy Trajectories Of Autonomous Vehicles, John Paul Macduffie

Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) technology promises to dramatically reduce deaths and economic losses from crashes caused by human error, increase mobility for those with disabilities, and revolutionize the auto industry. Yet legislation to facilitate oversight of the development and deployment of AVs is stalling in Congress. Professor John Paul MacDuffie offers a primer on AV technology policy, and discusses strategies for addressing safety and other public concerns while still facilitating AV innovation in the private sector.


The Economy Of Divorce: Pensions In Latin America, The Effects On Women, And The Decision To Divorce, Mary Walsh 2018 The University of San Francisco

The Economy Of Divorce: Pensions In Latin America, The Effects On Women, And The Decision To Divorce, Mary Walsh

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis addresses the gender inequalities produced in pension systems in Latin America, discusses pension reform, and specifically describes gender inequalities that exist for divorced women, and the relationship between divorce and pensions.This topic is important in the discussion in analyzing pension reform in Latin America, as well as analyzing the nuanced degrees of inequalities present for women in Latin America. It is crucial to understand this relationship, in order to address gender inequality as divorce rates continue to rise . To analyze this relationship,I looked at both qualitative and quantitative data.To start I examined the inequalities present ...


'Geaux Guard' And The Shift To The All-Volunteer Force: The Economics Of The Louisiana Army National Guard, 1973-1991, Titus L. Firmin 2018 University of New Orleans

'Geaux Guard' And The Shift To The All-Volunteer Force: The Economics Of The Louisiana Army National Guard, 1973-1991, Titus L. Firmin

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

After the Vietnam War, increased defense funds assigned to the Army National Guard stimulated and supported small communities in Louisiana. Recruits from economically depressed regions lined up to join the Guard because of the competitive pay and the generous education benefits it offered. In the mid-1980s, when a state budgetary shortfall threatened to limit the stream of federal funds and close local armories, communities in Louisiana rallied to keep the doors of their armories open. This paper examines how the readiness efforts of the Louisiana Army National Guard affected the economies of small communities as defense dollars increased following the ...


The Pricing Impact Of The Decreasing Competitiveness Of The Health Insurance Market, Lauren N. Patterson 2018 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Pricing Impact Of The Decreasing Competitiveness Of The Health Insurance Market, Lauren N. Patterson

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The Affordable Care Act created the national insurance exchanges of qualified health plans to encourage a higher insured rate, larger risk pools, and lower prices for quality health coverage. Consolidation of insurers can have opposing effects. The insurers’ risk pools will grow, allowing insurers to better hedge for risk. However, consolidation decreases the prevalence of competition in the market, and past research shows that insurer consolidation decreases market competition and increases prices.

I examine how the number of plans offered in a set market, pricing components, and county health variables impact the monthly premium pricing of plans sold on the ...


Mapping Wyoming's Future: A Gis-Based Mapping Analysis Of Wyoming's Industry Assets, Sam Mallory 2018 University of Wyoming

Mapping Wyoming's Future: A Gis-Based Mapping Analysis Of Wyoming's Industry Assets, Sam Mallory

Honors Theses AY 17/18

To support economic planning and development in Wyoming, the University of Wyoming (UW), the Wyoming Geographic Information Science Center (WyGISC) and the Wyoming Business Council (WBC) developed a series of over 150 maps intended to communicate various industry assets available in the state to leverage growth and development of associated industry sectors. This paper discusses the context and objectives of this project, the geographic information systems methodology developed for the creation of these maps, a critique of the maps, as well as a demonstration of their intended use.


The Effects Of Food Security On Socioeconomic Mobility In The United States: A Case Study In Allendale County, South Carolina, Taylor St Clarke 2018 University of South Carolina

The Effects Of Food Security On Socioeconomic Mobility In The United States: A Case Study In Allendale County, South Carolina, Taylor St Clarke

Senior Theses

This thesis examines the relationship between food security – defined as accessibility to an affordable, nutritious, and sustainable source of food – and socioeconomic mobility in the continental United States. This thesis is primarily focused on the effects of food insecurity on both individuals and communities, examining the chronic long-term effects of such insecurity on areas known as “food deserts,” which are often given status as areas of persistent poverty. This research further examines the effects of a sustained poor diet, brought about by food insecurity, on the individual and overarching community in a food desert and how such a diet impacts ...


California Redevelopment 2.0: Implementation Of Community Revitalization And Investment Authorities, Christopher Hoem 2018 San Jose State University

California Redevelopment 2.0: Implementation Of Community Revitalization And Investment Authorities, Christopher Hoem

Master's Projects

This research aims at revealing the challenges and opportunities in implementing Community Revitalization and Investment Authorities (CRIAs) in California.

This study will focus on the implementation of CRIAs, but it is worth examining alternative economic development tools to draw comprehensive comparisons and understand their advantages and disadvantages.

Understanding economic development tools may be valuable for the commercial and industrial growth and prosperity of cities and local governments. It may also be important to increase the number of affordable housing units in an area. Businesses and low-income families alike share the benefits of successful redevelopment. It may be possible to reveal ...


Us China Trade Dispute Over Intellectual Property, Mozi Luo 2018 San Jose State University

Us China Trade Dispute Over Intellectual Property, Mozi Luo

Master's Projects

How have Section 301 investigations impacted trade relations between China and the U.S. in clean energy area, and between Japan and the U.S. in semiconductor and auto part areas, and does the impact provide a guide for the possible outcome of the upcoming Section 301 investigation of China?

After President Donald Trump’s memorandum on August 14, 2017 stating that China’s behavior regarding intellectual property rights (IPR) and the high technology industries adversely influences the U.S. economy, the United States Trade Representative (USTR) declared the initiation of a section 301 investigation of China on the topic ...


The State And Future Of Autonomous Vehicle Regulation In The United States, Nikolay Nyashin 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The State And Future Of Autonomous Vehicle Regulation In The United States, Nikolay Nyashin

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Autonomous vehicle technology is poised to revolutionize transit around the world. There are currently tens of private companies either testing or building autonomous vehicles, including industry juggernauts like Ford and Google. This new mode of transportation falls into a regulatory grey area. Once cars reach full autonomy, governments will have to decide what entities will regulate them, where they will be allowed to drive, who will be responsible for them and a host of other issues. In some municipalities like San Francisco and Phoenix, autonomous vehicles (AVs) are being tested on public streets in real life conditions. Meanwhile, in 2017 ...


The Importance Of Stem: How Rust Belt Universities Can Drive Economic Growth By Supporting High-Technology Industry, Robert O'Gara 2018 College of William and Mary

The Importance Of Stem: How Rust Belt Universities Can Drive Economic Growth By Supporting High-Technology Industry, Robert O'Gara

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study examines whether universities in mid-sized “Rust Belt” cities can help drive local economic growth by directly supporting growth in local high-technology industry. This study is inspired by the hypothesis of van Agtmael and Bakker (2016) that high-technology industry can generate significant levels of economic growth that revitalized Rust Belt communities. This study shows that some university outputs, like undergraduate students in STEM fields and R&D expenditures in STEM fields benefit a Rust Belt city’s high-technology industry sector and overall economy. However, these results are stronger in the mid-sized Rust Belt cities of the Midwest rather than ...


Speech Excerpts: Welfare Reform: Making Work Pay, 2018 University of North Florida

Speech Excerpts: Welfare Reform: Making Work Pay

Saffy Collection Textual

Excerpt from speeches by Governor Bill Clinton regarding welfare as we know it. Printed on Bill Clinton for President Committee letterhead. No date given. Box: 16 Folder: 3


Bitcoin: Bauble Or Bullion?, Kristjan Tomasson 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Bitcoin: Bauble Or Bullion?, Kristjan Tomasson

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine in what ways capital-B Bitcoin, the system, and lower-b bitcoin, the unit of account, are or are not money. Bitcoin is the largest, by market capitalization, financial asset labeled "cryptocurrency" and the first decentralized digital currency. The paper canvasses the academic, business and technical literature to scrutinize the validity of this neologism's implied equivalency to money as a concept, system and artifact from historical, economic, political, teleological, theoretical and functional perspectives. The author(s) of Bitcoin invented blockchain, that is a shared, decentralized, time stamped, public ledger, to solve the problem ...


Segregation Of Student Financial Aid In Higher Education: The Effects On Low-Income Students When Ebt Is Not Accepted At University Campuses In San Diego, Ca., Tanisha-Jean Martin 2018 University of San Diego

Segregation Of Student Financial Aid In Higher Education: The Effects On Low-Income Students When Ebt Is Not Accepted At University Campuses In San Diego, Ca., Tanisha-Jean Martin

M.A. in Leadership Studies: Capstone Project Papers

The student bodies of universities are made up of a diverse financial class of students which utilize various methods to cover financial obligations on campus, even with the use of welfare governmental assistance. Low-income students that are involved in government welfare programs are given an Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) card to support them while they are pursuing an education; however, every university in San Diego, CA (and nearly the entire United States), segregate EBT into an unacceptable category and refuse to accept the card at any venues on campus. The EBT card is a plastic card that can be used ...


Speech Excerpts: A New Covenant For Economic Change, 2018 University of North Florida

Speech Excerpts: A New Covenant For Economic Change

Saffy Collection Textual

Excerpt from speeches by Governor Bill Clinton regarding a new covenant for economic change in America. An agreement that we need a President who will revolutionize government to invest more in the future and put economic opportunities in the hands of ordinary people. Printed on Bill Clinton for President Committee letterhead. No date given. Box: 16, Folder: 3


Packet: Putting People First, A National Economic Strategy For America, 2018 University of North Florida

Packet: Putting People First, A National Economic Strategy For America

Saffy Collection Textual

Sent out by the Bill Clinton for President Committee, the paper gives an overview of Bill Clinton's national economic strategy for America. Part of the 1991-92 Clinton campaign. No date given.


Flyer: Bill Clinton On American Families, 2018 University of North Florida

Flyer: Bill Clinton On American Families

Saffy Collection Textual

A leaflet presenting the Clinton campaign’s plan to help families with tax relief programs, educational reform, affordable health care, and safety initiatives to deter violence and . Includes bullet points on the social reform implemented in Arkansas. No date given.


The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement, Intellectual Property And Medicines: Differential Outcomes For Developed And Developing Countries, Deborah Gleeson, Joel Lexchin, Ruth Lopert, Burcu Kilic 2018 George Washington University

The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement, Intellectual Property And Medicines: Differential Outcomes For Developed And Developing Countries, Deborah Gleeson, Joel Lexchin, Ruth Lopert, Burcu Kilic

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

The final text of the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), agreed between the 12 negotiating countries in 2016, included a suite of intellectual property provisions intended to expand and extend pharmaceutical company exclusivities on medicines. It drew wide criticism for including such provisions in an agreement that involved developing countries (Vietnam, Peru, Malaysia, Mexico, Chile and Brunei Darussalam) because of the effect on delaying the introduction of low-cost generics. While developing nations negotiated transition periods for implementing some obligations, all parties would have eventually been expected to meet the same standards had the TPP come into force. While the TPP ...


Ireland Austerity Addiction: Challenges & Opportunities, Brendan O'Rourke, John Hogsn 2018 Dublin Institute of Technology

Ireland Austerity Addiction: Challenges & Opportunities, Brendan O'Rourke, John Hogsn

Conference papers

The current hold of austerity on Irish public policy provokes a comparison with addiction. Postliberalism, the form of austerity Ireland is hooked on, brought the country to its knees. It tied the millstone of bank bailouts around Ireland’s neck, slashed its education and health spending and meant its budgets were closely supervised by the Troika of the Europe Union (EU), the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank from 2010-2013. Unemployment spiked and there was an exodus, particularly of young people, from the country. This was a period of national humiliation as economic sovereignty evaporated in a deal ...


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