Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Economic Policy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3077 Full-Text Articles 2174 Authors 742323 Downloads 98 Institutions

All Articles in Economic Policy

Faceted Search

3077 full-text articles. Page 1 of 54.

Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick

Dissertations

This research provides insight into the impact of natural disasters as drivers of rural to urban migration in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Disasters of varying types are predicted to have differing impacts on the productive sectors of agriculture, industry, and services; which due to the concentration of the various productive sectors in either urban or rural areas, subsequently changes the urban-rural wage differential. Changes to the wage differential (as measured by the urban-rural income gap) are predicted to lead to movement between urban and rural areas until a new equilibrium wage is reached.

This dissertation first identifies a ...


Economic Interrelationships And Impacts Of The Aviation/Aerospace Industry In The State Of Florida Using Input-Output Analysis, Kelly A. Whealan-George, Tim Brady, Ian McAndrew, Irwin Price, Robert T. Clair 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Worldwide

Economic Interrelationships And Impacts Of The Aviation/Aerospace Industry In The State Of Florida Using Input-Output Analysis, Kelly A. Whealan-George, Tim Brady, Ian Mcandrew, Irwin Price, Robert T. Clair

Tim Brady

The study provided a detailed description of the interrelatedness of the aviation and aerospace industry with principal industries in Florida and Volusia County (VC) using Input-Output (IO) analysis. The economic impact measures included not only direct economic output and industry employment descriptions but also described the multiplier effects in the form of indirect and induced impacts using data for 2012.

This research concluded the average labor income of the aviation and aerospace industry was higher than average labor income in Florida and VC. A substantive difference between the Florida and VC average labor income for the aviation and aerospace industry ...


Capturing Regulatory Reality: Stigler’S The Theory Of Economic Regulation, Christopher Carrigan, Cary Coglianese 2016 George Washington University

Capturing Regulatory Reality: Stigler’S The Theory Of Economic Regulation, Christopher Carrigan, Cary Coglianese

Faculty Scholarship

This paper offers a retrospective assessment of economist George Stigler’s classic article, The Theory of Economic Regulation. Stigler argued that regulation is a product that, just like any other product, is produced in a market, and that it can be acquired from the governmental “marketplace” by business firms to serve their private interests and create barriers to entry for potential competitors. He challenged the idea that regulation arises solely to serve the public interest and demonstrated that important political advantages held by businesses can contribute to industry capture of the regulatory process. Although his argument was largely based on ...


The American Recovery And Reinvestment Act: Examining The Spatial Distribution Of Federal Stimulus Funds, Matin Katirai, Jeffery L. Osgood Jr 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

The American Recovery And Reinvestment Act: Examining The Spatial Distribution Of Federal Stimulus Funds, Matin Katirai, Jeffery L. Osgood Jr

Matin Katirai

No abstract provided.


Basic Commodity Programs: Understanding How They Work And Assessing 1990 Farm Bill Proposals, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

Basic Commodity Programs: Understanding How They Work And Assessing 1990 Farm Bill Proposals, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

How has agricultural policy changed over the years? Prior to the closing of the western frontier and for the first,150 years of this nation's history, government involvement in agriculture was primarily limited - to: - (1): land ownership, .and settlement policy,' (2) scientific input., .and (3> basic regulations. So, the U-Sb essentially had a market oriented policy


Options Of State And Local Governments For Dealing With Shfits And Fiscal Stress: A Midwest Perspective, Mark A. Edelman, Daniel M. Otto 2016 Iowa State University

Options Of State And Local Governments For Dealing With Shfits And Fiscal Stress: A Midwest Perspective, Mark A. Edelman, Daniel M. Otto

Mark Edelman

We live in a world of change. Nothing stays the sane forever. Communities and institutions are born. Some group and continue to group. Some nay experience decline. Some nay even die. Fiscal stress may' occur during the growth phase if the demand for community services expands faster than the capacity to deliver the services. However a different kind of fiscal stress occurs when the community's economic base erodes due to structural change in nature or declining industries like agriculture, mining, petroleum or labor-intensive manufacturing. This symposium is concerned more with the last type of stress.


A Preliminary Analysis Of The Proposed 1998 Taxpayers' Right Amendments To The Iowa Constitution And Fiscal Consequences Assuming Implementation From Fy1984 To Present, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

A Preliminary Analysis Of The Proposed 1998 Taxpayers' Right Amendments To The Iowa Constitution And Fiscal Consequences Assuming Implementation From Fy1984 To Present, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

This staff paper-reviews the Senate (SSB2072) anU House (HSB688) versions of'a proposed 1998 Amendment.to the Iowa Constitution and.provides a preliminary analysis of the fiscal impacts'on the,state general fund receipts, general fund appropriations, and local property^taxes assuming each proposal was implemented in FY1984. While the year-to-year reductions in spending are relatively small,the cumulative fiscal impact of the SSB2072 would likely have resulted in (1) a FY1997 state general-fund limit that allows 32 percent less spending'than•actual FY1997, (2) a $710-million reduction in the growth of state aid-to local government; and (3)'a29.7 ...


Analysis Of Senate Joint Resolution 1 (Sjr1): Proposed Amendments To The Iowa Constitution For Limiting State General Fund Expenditures And Tax Revenues, Mark A. Edelman Ph.D 2016 Iowa State University

Analysis Of Senate Joint Resolution 1 (Sjr1): Proposed Amendments To The Iowa Constitution For Limiting State General Fund Expenditures And Tax Revenues, Mark A. Edelman Ph.D

Mark Edelman

* This report is designed to foster discussion among citizens, leaders and policy makers regarding a public issue of concern to lowans. Iowa State University seeks to provide accurate research-based information on relevant issues and does not necessarily endorse or oppose any proposals that may be analyzed. The analysis provided herein was initiated after requests for information on the impacts of the proposals were expressed by leaders representing a coalition of more than twenty statewide interests. It is important to note that NO external support was received from any special interest groups for conducting this analysis. The methods and data used ...


Composición De Las Remesas Familiares A México, 1995-2016, Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu 2016 International Monetary Fund

Composición De Las Remesas Familiares A México, 1995-2016, Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu

Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu

Composición de las remesas familiares a México, 1995-2016
Fuente: cálculos propios con base en datos del Banco de México


Policy Analysis: Minimum Wage In The Portland Metropolitan Area, Aaron Kaufman 2016 Portland State University

Policy Analysis: Minimum Wage In The Portland Metropolitan Area, Aaron Kaufman

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Oregon’s current minimum wage of $9.25 per hour is unsustainable as it does not provide adequate nutritional resources or housing for full time employees. Additionally, employers of minimum wage workers often rely on social safety net benefits for their workers which effectively subsidize wages. This creates an unnecessary burden on the taxpayer. Oregon Senate Bill 1532 increases the minimum wage incrementally within Portland’s Metropolitan Area to $14.75 in 2022. This wage provides full time minimum wage workers enough income for adequate nutrition and reasonable housing while reducing reliance on social safety net programs.


Book Review: Aleman, Richard (Ed). The Hound Of Distributism: A Solution For Our Social And Economic Crisis, Anthony Philip Stine 2016 Portland State University

Book Review: Aleman, Richard (Ed). The Hound Of Distributism: A Solution For Our Social And Economic Crisis, Anthony Philip Stine

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Aleman and the collected authors provide a starting point for investigating modern Distributist writings. Distributism is a 'third way' private property-based economic system focused on decentralization of power, a focus on family life and reconceptualizing our relationships between individuals, families, the state and large economic actors. Essays range from the topics of totalitarianism and big government to pastoralism and permaculture. Contributing authors include classic Distributists like GK Chesterton and modern writers such as Joseph Pearce, Dale Ahlquist, Philip Maxence and Ryan Grant. The selected authors present a snapshot of a theory that presents a means towards achieving sustainability through decentralization ...


Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation is a case study of Better Work, a program run by the International Labor Organization and the International Finance Corporation. It aims to improve working conditions and productivity in the apparel industry. The purpose of this case study is to examine the role that international organizations can play in global governance. The research presented here comes from interviews, document analysis, and an examination of quantitative data on factories’ working conditions. In-person interviews were conducted in the United States, Switzerland, Vietnam, and Indonesia; many phone interviews took place with individuals in other countries. Both publicly available documents and internal ...


The Cost Of Earmarks, Nicholis John Zappia 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

The Cost Of Earmarks, Nicholis John Zappia

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Finding revenue is a challenge that faces many municipalities in the United States. As the tax base continues to decline and demand for government services increases, local governments are forced to make hard choices. Low on the list of priorities for local governments is the maintenance, and construction of infrastructure. Traditionally there have been several ways for local governments to fund long-term infrastructure projects including, federal-aid through the process of earmarking. The practice of earmarking has been around since the first congress, but hit its peak between 2003 and 2007. The earmarking process is controversial for several reasons; earmarking bypasses ...


Legitimacy Of Taiwan's Trade Negotiations With China: Demystifying Political Challenges, Pasha L. HSIEH 2016 Singapore Management University

Legitimacy Of Taiwan's Trade Negotiations With China: Demystifying Political Challenges, Pasha L. Hsieh

Pasha L. Hsieh

The article analyzes Taiwan’s legitimacy debate over trade negotiations with China. The theoretical concept of legitimacy is used to assess Taiwan’s cross-straits negotiation mechanism and trade agreements. This article argues that Taiwan’s current legal framework governing congressional supervision of cross-straits agreements falls short of procedural legitimacy and performance legitimacy.  By explaining the constitutional design for Taiwan’s “white glove” mechanism, the article explores the initial procedural legitimacy deficit.  As cross-straits negotiations involve increasingly substantive obligations, the legitimacy of bilateral agreements has changed fundamentally. The massive protest in the Sunflower Movement due to the Services Trade Agreement reinforced ...


The Crisis In Housing Has Deep Roots And Supply Alone Will Not Resolve It., Tom Dunne 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

The Crisis In Housing Has Deep Roots And Supply Alone Will Not Resolve It., Tom Dunne

Conference papers

Ireland is suffering a housing crisis which will not be easily solved. This is not the first generation to struggle with housing problems. A review of history shows that property markets have pronounced cycles and a continual struggle to provide affordable housing with much direct state provision and extensive subsidises for home ownership. Part of the current crisis results from the abandonment of direct provision of housing by the state but the gradual withdrawal subsidies for owner occupation, has also made a contribution to making home ownership less affordable for many.

A crucial part of dealing with the crisis is ...


Plastic Pollution And The Global Throwaway Culture: Environmental Injustices Of Single-Use Plastic, Kristin L. McDermott 2016 Salve Regina University

Plastic Pollution And The Global Throwaway Culture: Environmental Injustices Of Single-Use Plastic, Kristin L. Mcdermott

ENV 434 Environmental Justice

The global throwaway culture has created a cross-ecosystem plastic pollution injustice. The first to suffer this injustice will be the most vulnerable. Our oceans have become our dumpsters. The throwaway culture has created a disrespect of material goods that has turned the earth’s resources into rubbish after a single use. Eighty percent of the yearly 8 million tons of plastic that enter the ocean is single use plastic, such as plastic bottles, plastic shopping bags, or cigarette lighters.[1] Plastic has destroyed ecosystems, robbing impoverished communities of natural resources and of a healthy and safe living environment. First to ...


Description Of The Albelda Clayton-Matthews/Iwpr 2016 Paid Family And Medical Leave Simulator Model, Alan Clayton-Matthews, Randy Albelda 2016 Northeastern University

Description Of The Albelda Clayton-Matthews/Iwpr 2016 Paid Family And Medical Leave Simulator Model, Alan Clayton-Matthews, Randy Albelda

Economics Faculty Publication Series

The basic strategy behind our approach to estimating the cost of a paid leave program was to, as much as possible, base estimates of program costs on actual known leave-taking behavior, and where this was not possible, to estimate a range of program costs reflecting a range of reasonable assumptions about unknown aspects of behavior in the presence of a paid leave program. We wanted to be able to estimate the sensitivity of program costs estimates to these assumptions. We also wanted to be able to analyze the distribution of program benefits by demographic characteristics. Furthermore, we wanted to be ...


It’S About Time: Costs And Coverage Of Paid Family And Medical Leave In Massachusetts, Randy Albelda, Alan Clayton-Matthews 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

It’S About Time: Costs And Coverage Of Paid Family And Medical Leave In Massachusetts, Randy Albelda, Alan Clayton-Matthews

Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy Publications

In the United States, some, but far from all, employers offer certain forms of wage replacement when workers take a leave for medical or family reasons. In 2015, only 12% of all workers had access to paid family leave from their employers, 38% had access to short-term disability leave, and 65% had paid sick leave. Extending paid family and medical leave to all employees through a statewide program would share the costs and expand access, level the employment playing field, and reduce inequality among workers. One often-cited obstacle to providing paid family and medical leave in the United States is ...


Exchange Patterns And Relations In Collaborative Governance., Charles Wharton Kaye-Essien 2016 University of Louisville

Exchange Patterns And Relations In Collaborative Governance., Charles Wharton Kaye-Essien

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Collaborative governance has received considerable attention in recent years. From environmental resource management to public safety, collaborative governance continues to play a vital role in regional problem solving. In spite of this increasing popularity previous attempts to model the political, economic, and demographic determinants of collaboration have in most cases produced inconsistent results, thereby undermining the ability to generalize from such findings. Additionally, our understanding of the relational patterns that emanate from collaborative agreements remains fairly rudimentary. The main objective of this research is to address some of the gaps in the literature and improve our understanding of collaborative governance ...


Nuclear Power Plant Policy Comparison Between The U.S. And Republic Of Korea, Vara Ha 2016 Clark University

Nuclear Power Plant Policy Comparison Between The U.S. And Republic Of Korea, Vara Ha

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Five years after the Fukushima accident, people and countries still argue about the opportunity costs of denuclearization. While nuclear power generation has safety and waste issues, it is carbon free. Climate change has created more pressure for greenhouse gas reduction, so a few countries have decided to maintain or even increase nuclear power generation. The United States ranks first for using nuclear power produced by electricity generation, while the Republic of Korea, the closest country in proximity to Japan, ranks fourth in countries that use nuclear power. In fact, Korea even rapidly increased nuclear business after the Fukushima accident. Despite ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress