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“This Is A Game”: A History Of The Foreign Terrorist Organization And State Sponsors Of Terrorism Lists And Their Applications, Melissa Sanford 2020 CSUSB

“This Is A Game”: A History Of The Foreign Terrorist Organization And State Sponsors Of Terrorism Lists And Their Applications, Melissa Sanford

History in the Making

Following the post-September 11 United States reconfiguration of foreign policy, the use of the State Department’s Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) and State Sponsors of Terrorism (SST) lists and related news media coverage dramatically increased. Considering the gravity of such designations, both because of the potentially devastating economic ramifications in the form of sanctions and as negative P.R., it is imperative to examine the historical use and application of these lists. This paper seeks to help better determine the legitimacy of being designated on either of these lists through the analysis of two entities that have experienced listing: the ...


Challenges And Opportunities For Sharing Threat Information With Radioactive Materials Operators, Raphael Duguay 2020 Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

Challenges And Opportunities For Sharing Threat Information With Radioactive Materials Operators, Raphael Duguay

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Operators are required to implement security measures to address requirements set by the regulatory body or competent authority. These security requirements are generally based on the national threat level and information provided by the relevant law enforcement authority, intelligence agencies and other relevant stakeholders. However, not all States can share this information with radioactive materials holders (e.g., operators), especially if they take a more prescriptive approach to regulation on security. The same situation often exists when a performance-based approach is used because there are multiple barriers that restrict the competent authority from sharing threat information. For example, competent authorities ...


Coordination Of Inter-Agency Action For Nuclear Security In Uganda, Richard Sseggane 2020 Atomic Energy Council Uganda

Coordination Of Inter-Agency Action For Nuclear Security In Uganda, Richard Sseggane

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Despite the dynamic threats to the nuclear security of the East and Central African region, and the decision of the Government of Uganda to embark on a nuclear power programme, there was not much put in place as a coordination and cooperation mechanisms among the stakeholders in the nuclear security activities.

This work confirmed the need in Uganda for the major nuclear security stakeholder agencies with roles and mandates for nuclear security including the regulator, security and intelligence agencies, police, border control, transport control, customs agencies and others to work together as necessary in the different nuclear security activities in ...


Less Than Half Of Racially-Motivated Homicides Result In Official Hate Crime Charges, Jeff Gruenewald, Katie Ratcliff 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Less Than Half Of Racially-Motivated Homicides Result In Official Hate Crime Charges, Jeff Gruenewald, Katie Ratcliff

Research Projects

Background: On February 23, 2020, Ahmaud Arbery, a 25-year-old Black man, was gunned down while jogging near his Georgia home. Portions of the physical altercation were caught on camera by one of the three men charged in the murder. The shooter reportedly uttered a racial epithet at Arbery as he lay in the street dying. Georgia is one of the four states without hate crime laws in the United states, but the FBI is currently investigating the shooting as a potential hate crime.


Pedagogical Philisophy And Education In The Middle East And Central Asia (Ix-Xii Centuries), Baxrom Maxamadxodjaev 2020 INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ACADEMY OF UZBEKISTAN

Pedagogical Philisophy And Education In The Middle East And Central Asia (Ix-Xii Centuries), Baxrom Maxamadxodjaev

The Light of Islam

The article describes the period of the rapid development of education and culture in the Middle East and Central Asia in the IX-XII centuries. At this time, the ideas of the great thinkers Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, Ahmad al-Ferghani, Abu Nasr al-Farabi, Abu Ali Ibn Sina, Abu Rayhan al-Beruni, Ibn Iraq developed, which opened the way to a widespread of science and education in Europe.

Islamic culture has grown based on interconnected cultures of the countries of the Arab caliphate, Byzantium, India, and China. The Arab conquest did not mean a complete break with the cultural and pedagogical traditions of Hellenism and ...


The Social-Political Situation In Central Asia On The Eve Of The Advent Of Islam, Ziyodilla Ziynatullayev 2020 O'zbekiston xalqaro islom akademiyasi

The Social-Political Situation In Central Asia On The Eve Of The Advent Of Islam, Ziyodilla Ziynatullayev

The Light of Islam

The article discusses the strategic importance of Central Asia in the Middle Ages, the processes of the invasion of Turkic tribes, and its inclusion in the Turkic Kaganate. The Ephthalite Empire, which ruled Central Asia for almost a century, collapsed as a result of the attack of the Turkic clans. A management system based on nomadic traditions was created in the country: new orders and positions were introduced.

Although the states of Central Asia were vassals of the West Turkic Kaganate, they possessed a certain degree of internal independence. Without a centralized authority in the region, they developed in the ...


From History Of Malaysien Education System, Dilafruz Turdiyeva 2020 International islamic academy of Uzbekistan

From History Of Malaysien Education System, Dilafruz Turdiyeva

The Light of Islam

The article is devoted to the reforms in the field of higher education in the countries of Southeast Asia, which allows these countries to gain a leading position in the modern world. It should be noted that domestic studies on this topic are not enough.

Particular attention is paid to the study of the education system during the period of British colonization, as well as after the Second World War and during the independence of Malaysia.

The Malaysian Government’s Vision 2020 project clearly outlines the importance of studying religion as an integral component of secondary education. An attempt was ...


The Strategy Of The Object Conditions And Sub-Factors In The Development Of Civil Society In Uzbekistan, Mirsulton Kadirov 2020 Military-Technical Institute of National Guard of the Republik of Uzbekistan

The Strategy Of The Object Conditions And Sub-Factors In The Development Of Civil Society In Uzbekistan, Mirsulton Kadirov

The Light of Islam

The article analyzes the factors of free civil society, restoration of the secular state in Uzbekistan. To date, the principles, legal foundations of the state and civil society of legal democracy, which are being restored in our country, have been developed and studied in support of our people. Local and foreign non-governmental, non-profit organizations and other institutions of civil society operating in our country today are shown in the discrete manner of trying to conduct business in accordance with new needs and requirements.

The article also draws conclusions about the fact that the impact of non-profit organizations and other institutions ...


The Importance Of Regulating The Relationship Between The State And Religion In Ensuring The Stability Of Society, Mukhammadolim Mukhammadsidiqov 2020 INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ACADEMY OF UZBEKISTAN

The Importance Of Regulating The Relationship Between The State And Religion In Ensuring The Stability Of Society, Mukhammadolim Mukhammadsidiqov

The Light of Islam

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate that the wave of socio-political transformations that began in December 2010 in Tunisia and Algeria, called the “Arab Spring”, was a phenomenon caused by a difficult internal situation, as well as internal and external factors that triggered these events.

The article examines the degree of influence of political Islam on the processes of modernization, geopolitics, as well as socio-political development, including the need to create a scientific basis for regulating religious relations in Arab African countries, which have become a source of instability. In this context, political processes in North Africa and ...


The Influence Of A Religious Factor On The Political System Of Egypt Before “Arab Spring”, Shukhrat Yovkochev 2020 INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ACADEMY OF UZBEKISTAN

The Influence Of A Religious Factor On The Political System Of Egypt Before “Arab Spring”, Shukhrat Yovkochev

The Light of Islam

The article is devoted to the influence of the Islamic factor on the political system of modern Egypt. It analyzes the struggle of political forces, parties, and the Islamic opposition to achieve political power, as well as the methods and means of this struggle. The article covers the period of the late XX– early XXI century, the period of the reign of President Hosni Mubarak. Particular attention is paid to the tactics and strategies of the leader of the Islamic opposition in Egypt - the Muslim Brotherhood organization, which has long-standing political and historical roots, extensive experience in the underground struggle ...


Failed And Foiled Islamic Terrorist Plots Targeting Military Personnel In The United States Since 9/11, Jeff Gruenewald 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Failed And Foiled Islamic Terrorist Plots Targeting Military Personnel In The United States Since 9/11, Jeff Gruenewald

Research Projects

Background: On May 21, 2020, Navy police officers interrupted a terrorismrelated incident by neutralizing a 20-year old gunman who opened fire on military personnel at an entrance gate outside of the Naval Air Station Corpus Christi in Texas. One sailor was injured before the gunman was killed by Naval police officers.


Piety And Mayhem: How Extremist Groups Misuse Religious Doctrine To Condone Violence And Achieve Political Goals, Noah Garber 2020 Ursinus College

Piety And Mayhem: How Extremist Groups Misuse Religious Doctrine To Condone Violence And Achieve Political Goals, Noah Garber

Religious Studies Honors Papers

This thesis examines the way in which various groups have used religion as a justification for violent action towards political ends. From the Irgun, which carried out terrorist acts in Palestine, to the Palestinian Islamist organization Hamas, which has waged war on Israel, to the Buddhist leadership of Myanmar, which has waged a genocidal campaign against Rohingya Muslims living in the country, these groups have employed a narrow interpretation of their religious texts as a means to justify the actions they take. It is explained that it is not the compulsion of religious doctrine itself that is to blame, rather ...


Dyregrov, Raundalen, And Yules' "What Is Terrorism? A Book To Help Parents, Teachers And Other Grown-Ups Talk With Kids About Terror" (Book Review), Xin "Lucy" Bai 2020 Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary

Dyregrov, Raundalen, And Yules' "What Is Terrorism? A Book To Help Parents, Teachers And Other Grown-Ups Talk With Kids About Terror" (Book Review), Xin "Lucy" Bai

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Asymmetric Threats: Analyzing The Future Of Nuclear Terrorism & Cyber Attacks; The Value Of Deterrence Theory For Addressing The Challenges Of Nuclear Terrorism In The Age Of 21st Century Cybersecurity, Oliver Demmert-Shelfo 2020 Dominican University of California

Asymmetric Threats: Analyzing The Future Of Nuclear Terrorism & Cyber Attacks; The Value Of Deterrence Theory For Addressing The Challenges Of Nuclear Terrorism In The Age Of 21st Century Cybersecurity, Oliver Demmert-Shelfo

Political Science & International Studies | Senior Theses

Given the rapid development and ease of access to technology, the threat of extremist organizations utilizing cyberspace as a means to target critical American strategic infrastructure is of increasing concern. The risk posed by the acquisition of fissile material, sabotage, or use of a nuclear device by an extremist organization has been exasperated due to technological development outpacing strategy. Despite policy-makers’ attempts to protect the public from cyber-attacks and nuclear terrorism, the federal policies in place have failed to account for the continual evolution of technology and the gaps in security that this advancement brings. Through examining documents from congressional ...


Extreme Ideologies, Situational Factors, And Terrorists’ Target Selection, Evan Mudgett 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Extreme Ideologies, Situational Factors, And Terrorists’ Target Selection, Evan Mudgett

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the current study is to examine how ideology and situational factors shape terrorist target selection in the United States. While a growing number of studies have examined target selection by terrorists, the current study is the first to consider how combinations of factors present situated opportunities for terrorists to select particular types of targets as opposed to others. Guided by the situational crime prevention approach, this study relies on data from the American Terrorism Study (ATS) to measure attributes of incidents perpetrated by far-right and Islamic extremists and target selection. The outcomes of interest include government versus ...


Preventing School Shootings: The Interprofessional And Community Approach To Prevention, Heather C. Alonge, Constant P. Craig 2020 Walden University

Preventing School Shootings: The Interprofessional And Community Approach To Prevention, Heather C. Alonge, Constant P. Craig

Journal of Social Change

This essay examined the issue of school shootings within the United States, to include a literature review and analysis of the current status of the issue on a national level. From the review and analysis, the essay provides the multidisciplines engaged in school safety issues with viable, workable, and quickly implementable solutions to address this serious national issue at the local school district and even school level of implementation. This analysis examined a multidiscipline and multiprofessional community approach using existing federal guidelines that address actionable intelligence (social media and human information/informants), school design and incorporation of safety and protective ...


The Efficacy Of Foreign Aid In Counterterrorism Efforts, Carter A. Hanson 2020 Gettysburg College

The Efficacy Of Foreign Aid In Counterterrorism Efforts, Carter A. Hanson

Student Publications

A literature review investigating the effectiveness of foreign aid in countering terrorism, and donor countries' motivations to allocate foreign aid with the stated goal of combating terrorist insurgencies in recipient nations. In the post-9/11 period, the United States has increasingly invested in counterterrorism efforts, making the assessment and examination of the effectiveness of these efforts all the more important for American policymakers and citizens alike.


Interethnic Harmony As A Factor In Combating Ideological Threats In The Context Of Globalization, Mohira Toshbekova 2020 NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF UZBEKISTAN

Interethnic Harmony As A Factor In Combating Ideological Threats In The Context Of Globalization, Mohira Toshbekova

The Light of Islam

Peoplies interest to islam has been resing constantly now. Unfortunately there are a few who have been trying to vas troly islami a view as their vilorent political aims. They threat not oney our piece and independence, but also purity of Islam religion. Wicked purpose and destroying ideas of exstremistic groups always make us be careful and warned. Nowadays people are living with the fear of being murder terrorism. Global changes, different information technology attack and ideological theats encourage us to keep awareness in this threatening world.

Leading helthy social-religions atmosphere, larning heritage at the past and agitating of national ...


Mechanisms Of Prevention Of Religious Xenophobia And Islamophobia, Aziza Rustamovna Nosirova Miss 2020 International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan

Mechanisms Of Prevention Of Religious Xenophobia And Islamophobia, Aziza Rustamovna Nosirova Miss

The Light of Islam

Today it is important to study the phenomenon of religious xenophobia and Islamophobia, their impact in a globalized world and ways of prevention. The information presented in the article is aimed at preventing these realities, and various methods such as theoretical, historical, cultural and comparative have been used to highlight this matter. These methods will help to conduct a broader study on the topic. The included examples reveal the efforts to prevent religious xenophobia and Islamophobia, various international organizations, and legislation adopted in Uzbekistan. The article also discussed the views of the religions on religious freedom and tolerance. This, in ...


About The Content And Significance Of The Resolution "Education And Religious Tolerance", Saidafzal Saidxanbalovich Saidjalolov 2020 INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ACADEMY OF UZBEKISTAN

About The Content And Significance Of The Resolution "Education And Religious Tolerance", Saidafzal Saidxanbalovich Saidjalolov

The Light of Islam

The purpose of the article is to clarify the nature, meaning and significance of the resolution "Enlightenment and religious tolerance." The following methods were used to write the article: comparative analysis, synthesis, induction and deduction.

The article analyzes the nature, levels and types of tolerance. In particular, the definition of tolerance is mentioned based on the “Declaration of the principles of tolerance”. All levels and types of tolerance are described in detail. The author comments on gender, racial, ethnic, linguistic, economic, social and religious types of tolerance.

The essence of the introduction, paragraphs and all articles of the resolution "Enlightenment ...


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