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Institutionalizing Rights: The Rise And Fall Of The Human Rights Paradigm In Managing Migration, Todd Scribner 2019 U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops

Institutionalizing Rights: The Rise And Fall Of The Human Rights Paradigm In Managing Migration, Todd Scribner

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

In a December 2018 message to a gathering in Rome, Pope Francis challenged attendees to place “human rights at the centre of all policies,” even if it meant going against the grain of popular opinion. The occasion for his message was the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which, at least rhetorically, placed human rights at the center of the international order. Three years after its proclamation, the United Nations used the Universal Declaration as a key pillar on which it built its Convention Related to the Status of Refugees, thus making human rights a key ...


Caste, Economic Inequality, And Climate Justice In India, Dadasaheb Tandale 2019 University of Massachusetts Boston

Caste, Economic Inequality, And Climate Justice In India, Dadasaheb Tandale

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

This paper examines the deepening of economic inequities in India as a result of caste and climate change. Caste as a structure of disadvantage and discrimination determines social, economic, and political status in India. Access to the non-agricultural labor market, financial resources like banking and microfinance resources, and rural cooperatives is shaped by one’s position in the caste hierarchy. Further, the social mobility of the rural poor, migration trajectories, and navigation of the urban labor market are shaped by caste networks in India. In recent years, climate change has also adversely affected various caste groups in India. The change ...


The Ira, Social Media And Political Polarization In The United States, 2012-2018, Philip N. Howard, Bharath Ganesh, Dimitra Liotsiou, John Kelly, Camille François 2019 University of Oxford

The Ira, Social Media And Political Polarization In The United States, 2012-2018, Philip N. Howard, Bharath Ganesh, Dimitra Liotsiou, John Kelly, Camille François

U.S. Senate Documents

Russia’s Internet Research Agency (IRA) launched an extended attack on the United States by using computational propaganda to misinform and polarize US voters. This report provides the first major analysis of this attack based on data provided by social media firms to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI).

This analysis answers several key questions about the activities of the known IRA accounts. In this analysis, we investigate how the IRA exploited the tools and platforms of Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube to impact US users. We identify which aspects of the IRA’s campaign strategy got the most ...


The Tactics & Tropes Of The Internet Research Agency, Renee DiResta, Kris Shaffer, Becky Ruppel, David Sullivan, Robert Matney, Ryan Fox, Jonathan Albright, Ben Johnson 2019 New Knowledge

The Tactics & Tropes Of The Internet Research Agency, Renee Diresta, Kris Shaffer, Becky Ruppel, David Sullivan, Robert Matney, Ryan Fox, Jonathan Albright, Ben Johnson

U.S. Senate Documents

Upon request by the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI), New Knowledge reviewed an expansive data set of social media posts and metadata provided to SSCI by Facebook, Twitter, and Alphabet, plus a set of related data from additional platforms. The data sets were provided by the three primary platforms to serve as evidence for an investigation into the Internet Research Agency (IRA) influence operations. The organic post content in this data set has never previously been seen by the public. Our report quantifies and contextualizes Internet Research Agency (IRA) influence operations targeting American citizens from 2014 through ...


Report Of The Select Committee On Intelligence United States Senate On Russian Active Measures Campaigns And Interference In The 2016 U.S. Election: Volume 2: Russia's Use Of Social Media, With Additional Views, Select Committee on Intelligence United States Senate 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Report Of The Select Committee On Intelligence United States Senate On Russian Active Measures Campaigns And Interference In The 2016 U.S. Election: Volume 2: Russia's Use Of Social Media, With Additional Views, Select Committee On Intelligence United States Senate

U.S. Senate Documents

In 2016, Russian operatives associated with the St. Petersburg-based Internet Research Agency (IRA) used social media to conduct an information warfare campaign designed to spread disinformation and societal division in the United States. Masquerading as Americans, these operatives used targeted advertisements, intentionally falsified news articles, self-generated content, and social media platform tools to interact with and attempt to deceive tens of millions of social media users in the United States. This campaign sought to polarize Americans on the basis of societal, ideological, and racial differences, provoked real world events, and was part of a foreign government's covert support of ...


Report Of The Select Committee On Intelligence United States Senate On Russian Active Measures Campaigns And Interference In The 2016 U.S. Election: Volume 1: Russian Efforts Against Election Infrastructure, With Additional Views, Select Committee on Intelligence United States Senate 2019 Select Committee on Intelligence United States Senate

Report Of The Select Committee On Intelligence United States Senate On Russian Active Measures Campaigns And Interference In The 2016 U.S. Election: Volume 1: Russian Efforts Against Election Infrastructure, With Additional Views, Select Committee On Intelligence United States Senate

U.S. Senate Documents

From 2017 to 2019, the Committee held hearings, conducted interviews, and reviewed intelligence related to Russian attempts in 2016 to access election infrastructure. The Committee sought to determine the extent of Russian activities, identify the response of the U.S. Government at the state, local, and federal level to the threat, and make recommendations on how to better prepare for such threats in the future. 1 he Committee received testimony from state election officials, Obama administration officials, and those in the Intelligence Community and elsewhere in the U.S. Government responsible for evaluating threats to elections.

he Russian govemment directed ...


Population Law And Policy: From Control And Contraception To Equity And Equality, Victoria Mather 2019 St. Mary's University School of Law

Population Law And Policy: From Control And Contraception To Equity And Equality, Victoria Mather

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming


Using A Role-Driven Race Equity Reform Approach To Mitigate The Effects Of America's History Of Racism On Food Insecurity, Kenya N. Washington, Darryl E. Williams Jr. 2019 Florida A&M University

Using A Role-Driven Race Equity Reform Approach To Mitigate The Effects Of America's History Of Racism On Food Insecurity, Kenya N. Washington, Darryl E. Williams Jr.

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Food insecurity, or the lack of reliable access to sufficient quantities of nutritious food, affects African Americans and other minorities disproportionately. This paper examines how America’s history of racism created and sustains the Nation’s racially disparate food system. Food insecurity contributes to hunger. This paper contemplates disparities in other American systems, including education and criminal justice, as exemplars of the broader ramifications of hunger. Finally, the paper examines the potential of individual action to address problems in any system. It champions the adoption of a role-driven race equity reform strategy as a tool to confront the current ...


Summary: Economic Return Of Nation Brands, David J. Reibstein 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Summary: Economic Return Of Nation Brands, David J. Reibstein

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

It is generally considered good business practice for a company to invest in its brand. A positive brand image typically results in a more loyal customer base and an overall increase in profit. Likewise, nations have brands, and the reputation of a country has an economic impact on its gross domestic product (GDP).


Summary: Achieving Regulatory Excellence, Cary Coglianese 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Summary: Achieving Regulatory Excellence, Cary Coglianese

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

Regulatory excellence is governmental excellence. Three primary mechanisms exist for promoting regulatory success: Procedure, Management, and Technology. This seminar, based on research conducted at the Penn Program on Regulation, focused on analyzing the impacts of regulation on the economy and promoting the attributes of a high-quality regulatory system. An emphasis was placed on the role of legislators in overseeing and supporting the achievement of regulatory excellence, situated within the context of ongoing efforts for regulatory reform as well as new imperatives, such as the development of algorithmic technologies.


Summary: Insuring High Risks Fairly, Protecting Individuals Against Flood Losses, Howard Kunreuther 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Summary: Insuring High Risks Fairly, Protecting Individuals Against Flood Losses, Howard Kunreuther

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) encompasses issues of risk transparency and fairness. There is general agreement that floodplain residents need to know their risk-based insurance premium-and with that information, how to make their homes safer and thus make flood insurance more affordable. In this B-School Seminar, Professor Howard Kunreuther focused on the importance of accurate mapping of flood risk, how to encourage investment in cost effective mitigation measures, and ways to deal with fairness and affordability in designing a flood insurance program for the future.


Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang 2019 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Sean Farhang

This article draws on novel data and presents the results of the first empirical analysis of how potentially salient characteristics of Court of Appeals judges influence precedential lawmaking on class certification under Rule 23. We find that the partisan composition of the panel (measured by the party of the appointing president) has a very strong association with certification outcomes, with all-Democratic panels having more than double the certification rate of all-Republican panels in precedential cases. We also find that the presence of one African American on a panel, and the presence of two females (but not one), is associated with ...


How To Attract Young Adults To Americorps Service, Rachel Goldstein 2019 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

How To Attract Young Adults To Americorps Service, Rachel Goldstein

Capstone Collection

AmeriCorps offers a variety of options for US citizens to serve their country in a non-military fashion while providing an opportunity for skill development, career exploration, community service, and self-growth. In exchange for service, AmeriCorps provides a minimal living allowance and an education award. Even with these benefits geared towards young adults, few young adults choose to enter AmeriCorps service upon the completion of their undergraduate studies. This research sought to understand motivations for and against service in an attempt to inform and improve AmeriCorps current recruitment practices. To understand how AmeriCorps can attract more young adults, a qualitative research ...


Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang 2019 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article draws on novel data and presents the results of the first empirical analysis of how potentially salient characteristics of Court of Appeals judges influence precedential lawmaking on class certification under Rule 23. We find that the partisan composition of the panel (measured by the party of the appointing president) has a very strong association with certification outcomes, with all-Democratic panels having more than double the certification rate of all-Republican panels in precedential cases. We also find that the presence of one African American on a panel, and the presence of two females (but not one), is associated with ...


No Easy Answer: Representative Bureaucracy And Police Use Of Force, Jacob Herrera 2019 University of Colorado,Denver

No Easy Answer: Representative Bureaucracy And Police Use Of Force, Jacob Herrera

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

The theory of Representative Bureaucracy is a well-studied concept in Public Administration, positing that more representative government agencies will lead to greater equity for underserved groups. This paper is review of empirical applications of the theory to the use of force by police and it will show that the work does not support the idea that more representative police departments correlate with lower rates of use of force against minority groups. Implications for future studies are addressed at the end of the article.


Actores De La Política De Calidad En La Educación Superior Costarricense, Eugenia Gallardo-Allen 2019 Universidad de Costa Rica

Actores De La Política De Calidad En La Educación Superior Costarricense, Eugenia Gallardo-Allen

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

En el presente artículo se analiza, desde la corriente neoinstitucionalista, el proceso de formulación y adopción de la acreditación de carreras, como un componente de la política de calidad en educación superior costarricense. Para ello, se utilizan los elementos planteados por el modelo de Scharpf (1997). También, se identifican las universidades estatales como actores, promotores y directivos; las universidades privadas, como actores aliados; y algunos organismos internacionales y el gobierno, como actores claves en el proceso de formulación y adopción del Sistema Nacional de Acreditación de la Educación Superior (Sinaes), en Costa Rica. Se evidencia la creencia y la percepción ...


Guanajuato: Retos En Materia De Seguridad Pública, Estela García Patlán 2019 Universidad de Guanajuato-México

Guanajuato: Retos En Materia De Seguridad Pública, Estela García Patlán

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

La seguridad pública ha tomado relevancia en el marco de políticas públicas que buscan trastocar la causalidad de un fenómeno, por ejemplo, las orientadas a prevenir conductas delictivas. Estudiar las causas de un fenómeno, observarlo en una dimensión amplia y analizar lo cualitativo de lo cuantitativo puede contribuir a elaborar políticas públicas que trabajen desde la raíz del problema y no desde lo reactivo. Con esta base, el principal objetivo de esta investigación, la cual se encuentra en primera etapa, es analizar las causas estructurales que podrían estar relacionadas con el alza de las tasas delictivas en el Estado mexicano ...


Gobernanza De Recursos Privados Para Destinación Pública, Diana Fernández, Adolfo Eslava, Camilo Arango 2019 Gestión Social,Grupo SURA. Medellín, Colombia

Gobernanza De Recursos Privados Para Destinación Pública, Diana Fernández, Adolfo Eslava, Camilo Arango

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Este artículo estudia el papel de las organizaciones privadas en la gobernanza, con el fin de avanzar en la comprensión de los procesos de toma de decisiones respecto a la asignación de recursos privados en asuntos públicos. En particular, desde una mirada institucionalista y de la mano de la categoría analítica gobernanza policéntrica, aquí se aborda la decisión de algunas organizaciones privadas de asignar recursos a la educación pública en el departamento de Antioquia. El análisis cualitativo permite afirmar que, en efecto, existen múltiples centros de toma de decisiones que adolecen de falta de articulación pero que, al mismo tiempo ...


Capacidades Institucionales Para La Implementación Local Del Acuerdo De Paz Con Las Farc: El Punto Sobre Participación Política En El Municipio De Ituango, Colombia, Xamara Mesa Betancur 2019 Universidad de Antioquia, Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas, Medellín, Colombia

Capacidades Institucionales Para La Implementación Local Del Acuerdo De Paz Con Las Farc: El Punto Sobre Participación Política En El Municipio De Ituango, Colombia, Xamara Mesa Betancur

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

El propósito de este trabajo es analizar la implementación local del Acuerdo de Paz con las FARC-EP, concretamente, a partir de la dimensión institucional del Concejo Municipal de Ituango, Antioquia (capacidades institucionales), así como la dimensión actitudinal (percepciones, posiciones) de sus concejales. Lo anterior resulta significativo, toda vez que el punto a analizar es el referido a la participación política y la apertura democrática, lo cual posibilita ahondar en dos elementos neurálgicos en el funcionamiento de este cuerpo colegiado, a saber, el relacionamiento entre la institucionalidad y la sociedad civil para la tramitación de problemas públicos y el fortalecimiento de ...


Formación Universitaria En Administración Pública Y Capacidades Burocráticas En Argentina (1990-2017), Sergio Agoff, Gabriela Mansilla 2019 Instituto del Conurbano-Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento (Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Formación Universitaria En Administración Pública Y Capacidades Burocráticas En Argentina (1990-2017), Sergio Agoff, Gabriela Mansilla

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Este trabajo tiene como objetivo reflexionar acerca del vínculo entre las capacidades burocráticas probablemente involucradas en la gestión de Estados que se reconocen en dos corrientes: neoliberal y neodesarrollista y el desarrollo de la oferta de formación en Administración y Gestión Pública en Argentina durante los últimos veintisiete años, a partir de interrogarnos: ¿cuáles serían esas capacidades en cada caso? y ¿qué ofertas formativas alimentarían esas capacidades? El trabajo postula que este campo de formación se define por las promesas en torno a sus perfiles de egreso y los alcances para ellos diseñados, al mismo tiempo que se constituye como ...


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