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Gettysburg Social Sciences Review Fall 2018, 2018 Gettysburg College

Gettysburg Social Sciences Review Fall 2018

Gettysburg Social Sciences Review

No abstract provided.


Project Renew Worcester, Danni Yue, Amy Zhang, Jing Han, Omid Ashrafi, Yiming Xu 2018 Clark University

Project Renew Worcester, Danni Yue, Amy Zhang, Jing Han, Omid Ashrafi, Yiming Xu

School of Professional Studies

n The client for this capstone project is RENEW Worcester which is a fledgling solar power project whose main goals are to bring renewable energy in the form of solar power into local, primarily low-income communities and are committed to the mission of making the transition off of fossil fuels to clean, renewable power. Based in Worcester, Massachusetts, they are a local chapter of Co-op Power which is a consumer-owned sustainable energy cooperative (co-op) made up of numerous different local chapters all over the New England area as well as the state of New York. The problem that we will ...


Nudging With The Health Security Index: Behavioral Economics In Coalition Development, Glen P. Mays 2018 University of Kentucky

Nudging With The Health Security Index: Behavioral Economics In Coalition Development, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Healthcare coalitions can use comparative data from the National Health Security Preparedness Index, combined with insights from behavioral economics, to strengthen community engagement and investment in coalition activities. Using Index results, we demonstrate how organizational preparedness and individual behavior interact at the systems-level to produce unique strengths and vulnerabilities in health security for individual states and communities. Strategic use of comparative data can nudge stakeholders toward greater cooperative behavior and stronger coalition engagement. This session illustrates specific tools and approaches for data-driven coalition nudging.


Trying To Cover The Sun With Your Thumb: A Critical Ethnography Of Maternity Care Provision In Rural Northern New Mexico, Abigail Reese 2018 University of New Mexico

Trying To Cover The Sun With Your Thumb: A Critical Ethnography Of Maternity Care Provision In Rural Northern New Mexico, Abigail Reese

Shared Knowledge Conference

Access to maternity care is disappearing for women across rural America. In New Mexico, women often travel long distances in order to access hospitals and providers that offer childbirth services, as these resources are primarily concentrated in metropolitan areas. Although data on provider distribution is available, very few studies have explored the maternity care access crisis from the perspectives of the midwives and physicians who work in rural areas. The purpose of this study was to explore barriers and facilitators to the provision of childbirth services from providers’ perspectives with the intent of informing policy debates around the maintenance of ...


The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy 2018 University of New Mexico

The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy

Shared Knowledge Conference

Based on a review of research and best practices in mental health awareness and skills, this inquiry project argues for state legislative policies that would require mental health awareness and skills in the K-12 curriculum. Mental health affects individual accomplishments in every stage of people’s lives beginning in early childhood and throughout the life cycle. Prevention and treatment of mental illness plays a key role in the ability of an individual to cope with loss and develop resiliency and perseverance in challenging times and to make better decisions that improve the individual’s life and the lives of those ...


Effectiveness Of The Communication Model, C.O.N.N.E.C.T., On Patient Experience And Employee Engagement: A Prospective Study, Agnes Barden, Nicole Giammarinaro 2018 Northwell Health

Effectiveness Of The Communication Model, C.O.N.N.E.C.T., On Patient Experience And Employee Engagement: A Prospective Study, Agnes Barden, Nicole Giammarinaro

Patient Experience Journal

Northwell Health is a large integrated healthcare organization comprised of 66,000+ employees, 23 hospitals and over 650 medical practice locations located geographically across New York State. In an effort to align and structure interactions between patients, families and healthcare professionals, Northwell Health created a communication model, C.O.N.N.E.C.T. This unique, humanistic model is an acronym that stands for: Contact, Opening Greeting, Name/Title, Needs, Explanation, Closing and Thank. This prospective 3-part study explores the impact of the C.O.N.N.E.C.T. model on professional education, engagement and patient experience. A holistic ...


How Younger Adults With Psychosocial Problems Experienced Person-Centered Health Consultations, Line Soot, Kirsten S. Freund, Jørgen Lous, Mikkel Vass, Lotte Hvas 2018 University of Copenhagen, Section of General Practice, Department of Public Health

How Younger Adults With Psychosocial Problems Experienced Person-Centered Health Consultations, Line Soot, Kirsten S. Freund, Jørgen Lous, Mikkel Vass, Lotte Hvas

Patient Experience Journal

Much attention is focused on the social determinants of health. Family medicine is challenged with a growing number of vulnerable persons with psychosocial or lifestyle related problems. The objective of this work was to explore how vulnerable younger adults experience person-centered preventive health consultations with their general practitioner. The design and setting for this work were a secondary qualitative analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in Danish general practices. Younger adults (20-45) were consecutively invited to answer a screening questionnaire about psychosocial and lifestyle-related problems when visiting general practice (28 general practitioners (GPs)) for ordinary consultations. The 30% most ...


Rules Of Engagement: Strategies Used To Enlist And Retain Underserved Mothers In A Mental Health Intervention, Maureen J. Baker PhD, RN, CNL, Beth Perry Black PhD, RN, FAAN, Linda S. Beeber PhD, PMHCNS-BC, FAAN 2018 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rules Of Engagement: Strategies Used To Enlist And Retain Underserved Mothers In A Mental Health Intervention, Maureen J. Baker Phd, Rn, Cnl, Beth Perry Black Phd, Rn, Faan, Linda S. Beeber Phd, Pmhcns-Bc, Faan

Patient Experience Journal

Patient engagement has been identified as both a goal and strategy to lower health care costs and improve health care outcomes. However, a lack of consensus and clarity exists as to how the process of patient engagement is implemented in clinical practice. Research addressing the underlying and crucial components of effective patient engagement is limited, leaving a significant gap as to how providers engage patients as active collaborators in their health and health care.

This study provides specific, detailed insight and description into the processes through which advanced practice mental health nurses engaged low-income depressed mothers in a mental health ...


What Older Adults Want From Their Health Care Providers, Hazel Williams-Roberts, Sylvia Abonyi, Julie Kryzanowski 2018 University of Saskatchewan

What Older Adults Want From Their Health Care Providers, Hazel Williams-Roberts, Sylvia Abonyi, Julie Kryzanowski

Patient Experience Journal

Changing demographic trends and population needs have increased demand for chronic complex care and contributed to rising health care costs. The study sought to identify unmet health care needs of older adults and opportunities for service improvement in a high need suburban neighborhood of a prairie province. The insights provided by older adults informed the service design for a new model of integrated care in community settings. Narrative inquiry methodology was used to understand care experiences through stories. Stories of older adults’ health care journeys were elicited with semi-structured interviews. A paradigmatic approach to analysis was applied with holistic coding ...


Racial/Ethnic And Geographic Differences In Access To A Usual Source Of Care That Follows The Patient-Centered Medical Home Model: Analyses From The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Data, Zo Ramamonjiarivelo, Delawnia Comer-HaGans, Shamly Austin, Karriem Watson, Alicia Kaye Matthews 2018 Texas State University-San Marcos

Racial/Ethnic And Geographic Differences In Access To A Usual Source Of Care That Follows The Patient-Centered Medical Home Model: Analyses From The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Data, Zo Ramamonjiarivelo, Delawnia Comer-Hagans, Shamly Austin, Karriem Watson, Alicia Kaye Matthews

Patient Experience Journal

This study examined racial and geographic differences in access to a usual source of care (USC) and it further explored these differences among individuals who had a USC that followed the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model. Using cross-sectional data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2008-2013), our sample consisted of non-institutionalized US civilians ages 18-85 (n= 146,233; weighted n = 229,487,016). Our analysis included weighted descriptive statistics and weighted logistic regressions. Although 76% of the respondents had a USC, only 11% of them had a USC that followed the PCMH model. Among respondents who ...


Barriers And Enablers Of Patient And Family Centred Care In An Australian Acute Care Hospital: Perspectives Of Health Managers, Bradley Lloyd, Mark Elkins, Lesley Innes 2018 Centre for Education & Workforce Development, Sydney Local Health District, NSW Health, Sydney, Australia

Barriers And Enablers Of Patient And Family Centred Care In An Australian Acute Care Hospital: Perspectives Of Health Managers, Bradley Lloyd, Mark Elkins, Lesley Innes

Patient Experience Journal

The aim of this study was to identify and explore organisational barriers to, and enablers of, patient and family centred care within an Australian acute care hospital from the perspective of that hospital’s management staff. A qualitative study, incorporating purposive sampling and semi-structured interviews was undertaken in a 215-bed metropolitan acute care public hospital in Sydney, Australia. Fifteen health managers from a broad range of professional groups, including Medicine, Nursing, Allied Health and non-clinical services were interviewed. Interview data were recorded, transcribed, and analysed for key themes using the Framework Approach. The key barriers to patient and family centred ...


Improving The Patient Experience Through Patient Portals: Insights From Experienced Portal Users, Cynthia J. Sieck, Jennifer L. Hefner, Ann Scheck McAlearney 2018 The Ohio State University

Improving The Patient Experience Through Patient Portals: Insights From Experienced Portal Users, Cynthia J. Sieck, Jennifer L. Hefner, Ann Scheck Mcalearney

Patient Experience Journal

Background: Patient portals have become part of the ecosystem of care as both patients and providers use them for a range of activities both individually and collaboratively. As patients and providers gain greater experience using portals, their use and needs related to portals may evolve. Objective: This study aimed to learn from experienced patient portal users to improve our understanding of their perspectives on portal use for collaboration and engagement as well as explore how using a portal influenced their experiences with primary care providers. Methods: Qualitative study involving 29 semi-structured interviews with family medicine patients from a large Academic ...


Developing The First Pan-Canadian Acute Care Patient Experiences Survey, Salima Hadibhai, Jeanie Lacroix, Kira Leeb 2018 Canadian Institute for Health Information

Developing The First Pan-Canadian Acute Care Patient Experiences Survey, Salima Hadibhai, Jeanie Lacroix, Kira Leeb

Patient Experience Journal

The Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) in partnership with stakeholders sought to develop the first pan-Canadian patient experiences survey for inpatient care (CPES-IC). The goal was to provide a national survey standard for comparative patient experience measures to facilitate benchmarking for quality improvement. A cognitive and pilot testing study design was performed using survey data from adult inpatient care settings. Participants included the inter-jurisdictional members (IJ), survey subject matter experts and CIHI (The Group). Cognitive testing of the survey took place in three Canadian jurisdictions in English and French languages. Thirty-nine individuals participated in one-on-one interviews. During pilot testing ...


First, Do No Harm: The Patient's Experience Of Avoidable Suffering As Harm, Ashley Bauer MHA 2018 TriStar Health

First, Do No Harm: The Patient's Experience Of Avoidable Suffering As Harm, Ashley Bauer Mha

Patient Experience Journal

Although my entire career has been spent in Patient Experience, nothing I have learned from data, evidence-based practice, or experience-based correlations, has been near as impactful as what I learned from being a patient. This article discusses my own experiences as a patient. I ask readers to consider instances of avoidable suffering as sources of harm that negatively impact patient perceptions, erode trust in care providers and healthcare delivery systems, and create barriers to engaging patients in their care. Recognizing how avoidable suffering creates harm challenges traditional views of Patient Experience as hospitality-based “soft skills” and helps to establish patient ...


Patient Partner Compensation In Research And Health Care: The Patient Perspective On Why And How, Dawn P. Richards, Isabel Jordan, Kimberly Strain, Zal Press 2018 Five02 Labs and the Canadian Arthritis Patient Alliance

Patient Partner Compensation In Research And Health Care: The Patient Perspective On Why And How, Dawn P. Richards, Isabel Jordan, Kimberly Strain, Zal Press

Patient Experience Journal

As patient and family engagement activity broadens across the continuum of care and expands around the world, the question of compensation for an increasingly competent advisory community continues to come up. The authors are 4 patients who are highly active in patient and public involvement initiatives internationally. Through our exclusive patient perspective, we provide insight into the reasoning and motivation that many patients are now awakening to as to why lived experience is a value that organizations need to recognize and support in concrete ways. We explore the core principles that an organization needs to consider and adopt when developing ...


Elevating The Discourse On Experience In Healthcare’S Uncertain Times, Jason A. Wolf PhD, CPXP 2018 The Beryl Institute / Patient Experience Journal

Elevating The Discourse On Experience In Healthcare’S Uncertain Times, Jason A. Wolf Phd, Cpxp

Patient Experience Journal

Over the last five years, we have been inspired by the breadth of contributions that have helped shape the experience landscape through PXJ as well as the reach that the conversation on patient experience has had. Both the authors and readers of PXJ reinforce that the conversation on patient experience and the human experience in healthcare is not one dominated by national intent or even policy. While for some motivation has come in some part from mandated action, for most tackling this idea in healthcare is it grounded in two core realities. The first, in healthcare at its core we ...


Protecting Science At Federal Agencies: How Congress Can Help, Jacobs Institute of Women’s Health, The George Washington University, Climate Science Legal Defense Fund, Democracy Forward, Environmental Integrity Project, Environmental Protection Network, Government Accountability Project, Greenpeace, National Federation of Federal Employees, National Partnership for Women & Families, Power to Decide, Project on Government Oversight, Union of Concerned Scientists 2018 Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

Protecting Science At Federal Agencies: How Congress Can Help, Jacobs Institute Of Women’S Health, The George Washington University, Climate Science Legal Defense Fund, Democracy Forward, Environmental Integrity Project, Environmental Protection Network, Government Accountability Project, Greenpeace, National Federation Of Federal Employees, National Partnership For Women & Families, Power To Decide, Project On Government Oversight, Union Of Concerned Scientists

Jacobs Institute of Women's Health

No abstract provided.


Connecting The Systems That Drive Health In Your Community: Medical, Social & Public Health, Glen P. Mays 2018 University of Kentucky

Connecting The Systems That Drive Health In Your Community: Medical, Social & Public Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

A growing body of research documents the health and economic gains that accrue to communities that successfully align their medical, social, and public health delivery systems to work cooperatively on shared goals and objectives. This session examines what we know and still need to learn about building strong multi-sector community networks, based on research from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Systems for Action program.


Hiring Workers With Disabilities Makes Sense Whether The Job Market Is Hot Or Cold, Kathleen A. Petkauskos 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hiring Workers With Disabilities Makes Sense Whether The Job Market Is Hot Or Cold, Kathleen A. Petkauskos

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

The U.S. Department of Labor released its latest report in September, and it was more of the same. Unemployment remained at 3.9 percent, where it has hovered for much of the year, but there was a shift for one key demographic.

After decades of struggle, workers with disabilities are beginning to move the needle, outpacing the employment gains of people without disabilities. In August 2018, the employment-to-population ratio for working-age people with disabilities jumped to 30.2 percent from 29.5 percent the year before. The labor force participation rate for working-age people with disabilities also increased, rising ...


Legalization Of Physician-Assisted Suicide For Increased Patient Autonomy, Morgan McEnroe 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Legalization Of Physician-Assisted Suicide For Increased Patient Autonomy, Morgan Mcenroe

Religion: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

This essay features an assessment of the various factors which play into the argument for legalization of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) in the United States for increased patient autonomy. Arguments for legalization of PAS as a means of end-of-life care remain separate from voluntary euthanasia. National legalization of PAS, for this fundamental principle of hospice care, is necessary to allow a choice to those in their final stages of life of how they wish to leave. If the values of PAS advocates are maximization of autonomy and minimization of suffering, then it follows that the chronically depressed, as well as patients ...


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