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Food Justice Youth Development: Using Photovoice To Study Urban School Food Systems, Krista Harper, Catherine Sands, Diego Angarita, Molly Totman, Monica Maitin, Jonell Sostre Rosado, Jazmin Colon, Nick Alger 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Food Justice Youth Development: Using Photovoice To Study Urban School Food Systems, Krista Harper, Catherine Sands, Diego Angarita, Molly Totman, Monica Maitin, Jonell Sostre Rosado, Jazmin Colon, Nick Alger

Krista M. Harper

How do youth learn through participation in efforts to study and change the school food system? Through our participatory youth action research (YPAR) project, we move beyond the "youth as consumer" frame to a food justice youth development approach. We track how a group of youth learned about food and the public policy process through their efforts to transform their own school food systems by conducting a participatory evaluation of farm-to-school efforts in collaboration with university and community partners. We used the Photovoice research method, placing cameras in the hands of young people so that they themselves could document and ...


Perceptions Of School Readiness, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, And The Role Of Professionalism, Brittany Kristine McAllister 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

Perceptions Of School Readiness, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, And The Role Of Professionalism, Brittany Kristine Mcallister

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Research supports the knowledge that there exist many models on and definitions of school readiness within early education. Additionally, research shows that utilizing developmentally appropriate practices (DAP) produces positive short and long term results for students; indicating the effectiveness and necessity for DAP in the classroom. The study sought to inform teachers via presentation on the subjects of school readiness and DAP; as well as gain insight on the barriers teachers face in utilizing their school readiness and DAP knowledge base in the classroom. To accomplish this, the study used a pre-survey, presentation with discussion, and a post-survey to collect ...


The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Education systems in low income countries are routinely portrayed as experiencing a learning crisis and as facing strong political economy challenges that impede efforts aimed at improving quality. This paper aims to improve the understanding of the confluence of political, bureaucratic and societal challenges faced by public school actors in their quest to reform and compete in the context of Nepal. It draws on extensive in-depth qualitative and quantitative data on the perceptions of public sector actors, including national and district officials and school principals. I show that stakeholders from the national to school level confirm that the combination of ...


Teaching Agent-Based Computational Economics To Graduate Students, Leigh Tesfatsion 2016 Iowa State University

Teaching Agent-Based Computational Economics To Graduate Students, Leigh Tesfatsion

Leigh Tesfatsion

Agent-based computational economics (ACE) is roughly defined as the computational study of economies modeled as evolving decentralized systems of autonomous interacting agents. A key focus of ACE research is understanding how global regularities' arise from the-bottom^up, through the repeated local interactions-of autonomous agents channeled through socioeconomic institutions, rather than from top down coordination mechanisms such as imposed market clearing constraints or an assumption of single representative agents. This paper discusses how ACE materials have been.introduced into graduate-level courses in macroeconomic theory over the past several years, using an ACE labor market framework for concrete illustration...


The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, Peter F. Orazem, Paul Glewwe, Harry Patrinos 2016 Iowa State University

The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, Peter F. Orazem, Paul Glewwe, Harry Patrinos

Peter Orazem

Few empirical relationships have been investigated more frequently than that between years of schooling and earnings. Hundreds of studies using a wide variety of datasets from developed countries, spanning many decades, and employing alternative specifications to correct for various potential sources of bias, have consistently found positive private returns per year of schooling.• Returns arc frequent ly equal to or above long-run average market returns to other investments.


Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem 2016 Iowa State University

Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem

Peter Orazem

The health consequences of child labor may take time to manifest themselves. This study examines whether children who began working at a young age experience increased incidence of illness or physical disability as adults. When child labor and schooling are treated as chosen without consideration of unobserved abilities or health endowments, child labor appears to have small adverse effects on a wide variety of health measures. Some adverse health consequences such as heart disease or hypertension seem unlikely to be caused by child labor. However, when we allow unobserved health and ability endowments to alter the age of labor market ...


Central Mandates And Local Incentives: The Colombia Education Voucher Program, Elizabeth M. King, Peter F. Orazem, Darin R. Wohlgemuth 2016 World Bank

Central Mandates And Local Incentives: The Colombia Education Voucher Program, Elizabeth M. King, Peter F. Orazem, Darin R. Wohlgemuth

Peter Orazem

In decentralized education systems programs that promote central mandates may have to be devolved to local governments, communities, and providers. When participation by local governments and providers is voluntary rather than compulsory, the determinants of program placement are important in predicting potential benefits to individuals. This article analyzes incentives for municipalities and private schools to participate in Colombia's voucher program. It finds that the demand for secondary education relative to the capacity of public schools and the availability of spaces in private schools in the municipality were key predictors of municipal participation, whereas the number of underserved students had ...


School Quality, School Cost, And The Public/Private School Choices Of Low-Income Households In Pakistan, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem, Elizabeth M. Paterno 2016 World Bank

School Quality, School Cost, And The Public/Private School Choices Of Low-Income Households In Pakistan, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem, Elizabeth M. Paterno

Peter Orazem

Variation in school attributes, proximity, and fees across neighborhoods is used to identify factors that affect whether poor households send their children to government school, private school, or no school. Analysis shows that even the poorest households use private schools extensively, and that utilization increases with income. Lowering private school fees or distance or raising measured quality raises private school enrollments, partly by transfers from government schools and partly from enrollments of children who otherwise would not have gone to school. The strong demand for private schools is consistent with evidence of greater mathematics and language achievement in private schools ...


Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, Nannette Nicholson, Patti Martin, Abby Smith, Sheila Thomas, Ahmad A. Alanazi M.Aud. 2016 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Arkansas Children's Hospital

Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, Nannette Nicholson, Patti Martin, Abby Smith, Sheila Thomas, Ahmad A. Alanazi M.Aud.

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Prelingual hearing loss greatly restricts a child’s language development, hindering his or her behavioral, cognitive and social functioning. Although technology such as hearing aids and cochlear implants are an option for providing access to sound, they fail to teach the child how to listen or attend, how to process language (whether visual or spoken), or how to produce language and communicate. Home visiting is widely recognized as a cost-effective intervention service delivery model. Home visiting programs for promoting language development in children who are diagnosed as deaf or hard of hearing have been in existence for over 50 years ...


Losing My Religion? The Impact Of Spiritual Cues On Noncognitive Skills, Daniel H. Bowen, Albert Cheng 2016 Rice University

Losing My Religion? The Impact Of Spiritual Cues On Noncognitive Skills, Daniel H. Bowen, Albert Cheng

Journal of Catholic Education

Studies consistently show that Catholic schools produce positive impacts on educational outcomes. Many charter school networks in the United States now provide, what are essentially, secularized versions of the Catholic education model. However, charter schools cannot legally replicate the overt religious curriculum and mission of Catholic schools. Although difficult to disentangle its impacts from confounding variables, research suggests that religiosity is a positive predictor of educational outcomes. This relationship might suggest that religious-based education produces effects on outcomes of public value that could be difficult to replicate in secularized contexts. To examine this question we conducted an experiment where 180 ...


The Consequences Of The State Implementation Of A Nationally Standardized Teacher Performance Assessment As A Certification Requirement: A Mixed Methods Study, Deborah Greenblatt 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Consequences Of The State Implementation Of A Nationally Standardized Teacher Performance Assessment As A Certification Requirement: A Mixed Methods Study, Deborah Greenblatt

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The edTPA (Teacher Performance Assessment) is a nationally distributed and scored standards-based teacher performance assessment being promoted throughout the country (AACTE, n.d.-a). This mixed methods study investigated the experiences of New York City teacher candidates and teacher educators with the elementary education edTPA portfolio. It was found that teacher candidates experienced various supports and challenges based on their personal demographics, school of education, and student teaching placements. Additionally, the edTPA affected participants' personal, professional, academic and student teaching experiences. Furthermore, the study revealed ways that implementation of the edTPA affected teacher educators and the teacher education curriculum.

Based ...


The Right To Learn: Preparing Early Childhood Teachers To Work In High-Need Schools, Julie Diamond, Fretta Reitzes, Betsy Grob 2016 92nd Street Y

The Right To Learn: Preparing Early Childhood Teachers To Work In High-Need Schools, Julie Diamond, Fretta Reitzes, Betsy Grob

Occasional Paper Series

Three teacher educators trained in the 1960's reflect on how to ensure educational equity in high-needs schools of today. The article starts with a description of the education the writers want for all children, and outline the processes and practices needed to sustain it. This is followed by a discussion on how schools of education can equip teachers with the values, understandings, and strategies they will need to achieve these goals.


Interview With Dr. George H. Hoemann Assistant Dean, Chair Of Commission For Lgbt People, Donna Marie Braquet, James Roger Weaver 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Interview With Dr. George H. Hoemann Assistant Dean, Chair Of Commission For Lgbt People, Donna Marie Braquet, James Roger Weaver

Roger Weaver

Dr. George H. Hoemann is Assistant Dean for Distance Education and holds the Ph.D. in American Constitutional-Legal History from Rice University (1982) and the M.S.L.S. from the University of Tennessee (1995). His publications include What God Hath Wrought: the Embodiment of Freedom in the Thirteenth Amendment as well as assistant or associate editor on numerous volumes of the Papers of John Marshall, the Papers of Thomas Jefferson and the Papers of Andrew Jackson. He is the co-author and maintainer of the American Civil War Homepage (http://sunsite.utk.edu/civil-war), an award-winning gateway to online materials ...


Interview With Jenny Moshak, Donna Marie Braquet, James Roger Weaver 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Interview With Jenny Moshak, Donna Marie Braquet, James Roger Weaver

Roger Weaver

Jenny Moshak is in her 21st year with the Lady Vols. She directs all sports medicine, athletic training, rehabilitation, strength and conditioning of the players on the eleven women’s teams at UT and continues to work directly with basketball, traveling with the team. Moshak’s vision led to the creation of Team ENHANCE, an unique program which creates a healthy culture for the Lady Vol student-athletes so they can achieve personal bests in their sports and in their lives. Under her leadership, the Women’s Athletics Department established the program to assist student-athletes in the nutritional, mental and emotional ...


Student Attitudes Toward The Transgender Community Following Restroom Reassignment, Kelly L. Duggins 2016 Old Dominion University

Student Attitudes Toward The Transgender Community Following Restroom Reassignment, Kelly L. Duggins

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to investigate the effect recent changes to gender specific restrooms had on students’ attitudes toward the transgender community at a public research university in the southeastern United States. To determine if further education and/or inclusion actions should be implemented by university communities, an invitation to complete an electronic survey was sent by email to students at Old Dominion University’s main campus in Norfolk, VA. Participants responded to seventeen statements, each designed to collect data relating to one of the four research objectives of this study. The findings of this study may be ...


Experiencing And Responding To Private Competition: The Importance Of Subjectivity And Intermediate Outcomes, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Experiencing And Responding To Private Competition: The Importance Of Subjectivity And Intermediate Outcomes, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Despite the substantial private schooling growth in developing countries in the past three decades, there has been very little attention to the question on how public schools are experiencing and responding to competition in these contexts. To address this research gap, I conduct a competition-focused analysis using primary survey data collection from two districts with high private market share (Kathmandu and Chitwan) in Nepal. Utilizing descriptive and logistic regression analysis methods I address the following questions in this paper: How do public schools experience private competition, and how do they respond to it? There are two central findings. I find ...


Commentary, Marjorie Siegel 2016 Teachers College, Columbia University

Commentary, Marjorie Siegel

Occasional Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Commentary, Susan Freeman 2016 Bank Street College of Education

Commentary, Susan Freeman

Occasional Paper Series



Commentary, Martha Foote 2016 Bank Street College of Education

Commentary, Martha Foote

Occasional Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Toward Meaningful Assessment: Lessons From Five First-Grade Classrooms, Laura Kates 2016 Kingsborough Community College

Toward Meaningful Assessment: Lessons From Five First-Grade Classrooms, Laura Kates

Occasional Paper Series

A case study of six first grade teachers' responses to a performance assessment mandated in New York City Public Schools from 1998 to 2003.


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