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The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

The paper analyzes the challenges and supports that mediate public schools’ ability to initiate reforms and productively respond to competition from private schools. An understanding of impediments can help policymakers better target their attention to the key bottlenecks and the most disadvantaged populations. I conduct a two-step mixed methods analysis. I first conduct qualitative analysis of interview data and descriptive statistics of principal perceptions to describe the barriers to reform that generally affect public schools more frequently than private schools. Then, I analyze whether the barriers (and supports) to reform can be systematically linked to the extent of privatization by ...


Experiencing And Responding To Private Competition: The Importance Of Subjectivity And Intermediate Outcomes, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Experiencing And Responding To Private Competition: The Importance Of Subjectivity And Intermediate Outcomes, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Despite the substantial private schooling growth in developing countries in the past three decades, there has been very little attention to the question on how public schools are experiencing and responding to competition in these contexts. To address this research gap, I conduct a competition-focused analysis using primary survey data collection from two districts with high private market share (Kathmandu and Chitwan) in Nepal. Utilizing descriptive and logistic regression analysis methods I address the following questions in this paper: How do public schools experience private competition, and how do they respond to it? There are two central findings. I find ...


Building Quality In Teaching And Teacher Education, Nan Bahr, Suzanne Mellor 2016 Griffith University

Building Quality In Teaching And Teacher Education, Nan Bahr, Suzanne Mellor

Australian Education Review

AER 61 discusses the contemporary influences on initial teacher education, with particular attention to the notion of quality teaching, and the role of teacher education and teacher educators in the development of quality teachers. Section 1 introduces the key concept of ‘quality’ and explores the notion of quality in teaching. Section 2 reviews the context of education in Australia with discussion of the organisation and management of the educational systems, with particular attention to the different roles Federal and State/Territory governments play. Section 3 considers teaching as a profession by examining the nature of teachers’ work, working contexts and ...


Discussion Results From Future Directions In Iowa Education A Statewide Satellite Teleconference, Mark A. Edelman Dr., James J. Knudsen 2016 Iowa State University

Discussion Results From Future Directions In Iowa Education A Statewide Satellite Teleconference, Mark A. Edelman Dr., James J. Knudsen

Mark Edelman

The Future Directions in Iowa Education program was designed with three purposes in mind. First, the program was designed to provide local participants with the latest perspectives on current statewide trends in Iowa schools, school fiananceand legislative options. Second, the program was designed to provide each participant with data on local school district trends and directions for comparison with neighboring districts„ Finallv™ the program was designed to provide each participant with a sense of direction (or lack thereof) on manv of the major education issues as a result of discussions with other state and local leaders- As a result, the ...


On Multiethnic Schools In Consociational Democracies: A Comparative Analysis Of Brčko District And Bosnia-Herzegovina, Jusuf Šarančić 2016 Lawrence University

On Multiethnic Schools In Consociational Democracies: A Comparative Analysis Of Brčko District And Bosnia-Herzegovina, Jusuf Šarančić

Lawrence University Honors Projects

The 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement both ended the Bosnian War and created the consociational democracy that exists in Bosnia and Herzegovina to this day. The ethnic autonomy created by the Dayton Agreement has resulted in a frozen conflict between ethnic groups that has manifested itself in the country’s monoethnic education system. This study explores the short-term stability under consociationalism and the long-term stability under a multiethnic education system. Additionally, this study explains the importance of the country’s only multiethnic education system in Brčko District and how it came into existence.


Schools As Learning Organisations, Geoff N. Masters 2016 Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)

Schools As Learning Organisations, Geoff N. Masters

Excellence in Professional Practice Conference

From 1 January 2017 every school in Australia will be required to have a school improvement plan. But what is a school improvement plan? Is it different from the strategic plans that most schools already have? This presentation will define school improvement as the process of changing school practices in ways that lead to better student outcomes. A school improvement plan is developed by the school community to make improvements to current school practices and thus student outcomes. It embodies a collaborative commitment to the rigorous, systematic investigation of specific improvement strategies. Key steps in the development and implementation of ...


K-12 And The Active Shooter: Principals’ Perceptions Of Armed Personnel In New Jersey District Factor Group Gh Public Schools, Brian P. Kelly 2016 Seton Hall University

K-12 And The Active Shooter: Principals’ Perceptions Of Armed Personnel In New Jersey District Factor Group Gh Public Schools, Brian P. Kelly

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The purpose of this study was to explore the predicament school principals face when formulating the best methodology to provide a safe environment for their students and faculty, while simultaneously creating an atmosphere that is conducive to education.

This multiple-case study is a replication of a dissertation published in 2014 which explored a unique phenomenon containing multiple variables within an urban public school district. Conversely, this research study examined suburban public school districts within communities that possessed a median household salary ranging between $86,000 and $105,000, where the socioeconomic status of these schools is identified and delineated by ...


Market Effect: The Impact Of For-Profit Charter Schools On Racial And Socioeconomic Segregation, William Brett Robertson 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

Market Effect: The Impact Of For-Profit Charter Schools On Racial And Socioeconomic Segregation, William Brett Robertson

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For-profit charter schools are a controversial new development in public education. They combine a structural imperative to maximize profit for private shareholders with the social good of providing public education. This dissertation describes two analyses of for-profit charter schools designed to explore their impact on racial and socioeconomic segregation. The analyses utilize geographic information systems, multilevel modeling, and logistic regression to determine whether and how for-profit charter schools are likely to locate in demographically different neighborhoods, and/or educate demographically different student populations from other types of public schools. The results indicate that for-profit charter schools are less likely than ...


Five Challenges In Australian School Education, Geoff N. Masters AO 2016 Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)

Five Challenges In Australian School Education, Geoff N. Masters Ao

Policy Insights

There is no shortage of challenges in school education. Some of the biggest challenges we face can appear frustratingly intractable. Despite reform efforts, regular government reviews and ongoing calls for change, progress in addressing our most significant challenges is often slow and solutions continue to elude us. In this paper Professor Geoff Masters discusses five significant challenges facing school education.

  1. Equipping students for the 21st Century, including by increasing reading, mathematical and scientific literacy levels;
  2. Reducing disparities between Australia's schools, particularly along socioeconomic lines, by ensuring that every student has access to an excellent school and excellent teaching;
  3. Reducing ...


Leveraging The Effects Of Loss Framing To Nudge Low-Income, High-Achieving Students In Chicago Towards Higher Education, Benjamin Feis 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Leveraging The Effects Of Loss Framing To Nudge Low-Income, High-Achieving Students In Chicago Towards Higher Education, Benjamin Feis

Honors Theses (PPE)

The vast majority of low-income, high-achieving high school students in the U.S. either do not apply to college or undermatch by attending less selective institutions than those they are qualified to attend. Previous research has demonstrated that behavioral “nudges” can be an effective and low-cost method of influencing students’ application behavior and encouraging them to enroll in selective institutions. This study contributes to this existing body of literature by examining whether framing college earnings premium information as a loss causes low-income high school students in Chicago to report greater likelihood of applying to college than when the same information ...


College-Going Experiences Of Male Foster Youth Alumni Who Have Stopped-Out Of College, Felipe D. Longoria 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

College-Going Experiences Of Male Foster Youth Alumni Who Have Stopped-Out Of College, Felipe D. Longoria

Educational Administration: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

This qualitative research study examined how foster care experiences and masculinities influenced male foster youth alumni’s decision to go to college. The study also sought to understand the in-and-out-of-college factors that led participants to exit college prematurely. Five participants were each interviewed twice for data collection purposes. Findings from data analysis indicated that establishing and maintaining relationships in college were challenging and affected an already vulnerable population in their help-seeking behavior. Recommendations are offered for higher education professionals and areas for future research are noted.

Advisor: Corey Rumann


Exchange Patterns And Relations In Collaborative Governance., Charles Wharton Kaye-Essien 2016 University of Louisville

Exchange Patterns And Relations In Collaborative Governance., Charles Wharton Kaye-Essien

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Collaborative governance has received considerable attention in recent years. From environmental resource management to public safety, collaborative governance continues to play a vital role in regional problem solving. In spite of this increasing popularity previous attempts to model the political, economic, and demographic determinants of collaboration have in most cases produced inconsistent results, thereby undermining the ability to generalize from such findings. Additionally, our understanding of the relational patterns that emanate from collaborative agreements remains fairly rudimentary. The main objective of this research is to address some of the gaps in the literature and improve our understanding of collaborative governance ...


A Study That Critically Engages Secondary Language Acquisition And How It Relates To Immigrants Developing Cultural Competence, Susan Alecia Nelson 2016 Clark University

A Study That Critically Engages Secondary Language Acquisition And How It Relates To Immigrants Developing Cultural Competence, Susan Alecia Nelson

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

This study seeks to critically engage in the topic of secondary language acquisition to explore the role it plays in immigration, particularly as this relates to developing cultural competence. Further, the research examines the barriers to second language acquisition, and also makes recommendations for reducing those barriers. This will be done by examining literature that analyzes the role that secondary language learning plays in immigrants becoming culturally competent within the United States, and will look at this more in depth by focusing on Mexican immigrants who have come to the United States.


The Sustainable Development Goals: Promoting Education For Utility Or Transformation?, Radhika Mitter 2016 Clark University

The Sustainable Development Goals: Promoting Education For Utility Or Transformation?, Radhika Mitter

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

This paper uses the analytical approach of critical discourse analysis (CDA) to examine the dominant discourse(s) surrounding sustainable development and education that the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) espouse. Focusing on SDG 4, which aims to “to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education for all and promote lifelong learning,” I analyze the extent to which SDG 4 promotes a utilitarian and/or transformative approach to education, and what the implications of such approaches are on achieving sustainable development. I use the official United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development policy document as the basis for my analysis, as ...


The People’S College?, K. C. Brekken, E. Lee Bernick 2016 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The People’S College?, K. C. Brekken, E. Lee Bernick

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA)

The so-called People’s College, America’s community colleges provide the most affordable higher education opportunities and educate nearly half the nation’s minority undergraduates (Mullin, 2012). This study examines representation of local community college governing boards to better understand who governs these two-year post secondary institutions. Descriptive representation provides the main framework for studying minority representation: Boards should mirror the populations they serve (Meier, Gonzalez Juenke, Wrinkle & Polinard, 2005). This research finds that these boards are under representative of the black and Hispanic populations they serve and that minority population plays a large role in the variation of the ...


'Very Quiet Day, Vague Tension': Digitizing And Sharing The Stories Of School Desegregation And Busing In Boston, Andrew Elder 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

'Very Quiet Day, Vague Tension': Digitizing And Sharing The Stories Of School Desegregation And Busing In Boston, Andrew Elder

Joseph P. Healey Library Publications

In the summer of 2015, University Archives & Special Collections at UMass Boston began to work with a number of area archival institutions to create “a digital library of material that can be widely disseminated for both curricular and scholarly use” related to the history of school desegregation and busing in Boston. The process of selecting materials for digitization as part of this project was fairly difficult, as University Archives and Special Collections holds more than 200 linear feet of material related to Boston school desegregation. Too often, the history of Boston school desegregation seems weighted down by some of the ...


The Nature Of Teacher Learning In Collaborative Data Teams, Robert Michaud 2016 University of Massachusetts - Lowell

The Nature Of Teacher Learning In Collaborative Data Teams, Robert Michaud

The Qualitative Report

As data teams have grown in popularity in recent years, they have been increasingly looked to by educational researchers because of the tantalizing prospect of combining teachers’ on the job professional development with increased and effective data use to drive instruction. Data teams have been increasingly implemented within schools by educational leaders attempting to take advantage of what teachers learn from each other in the context of a data team. Many conceptual models of data team function have been proposed, but few empirical studies have examined how teachers learn from collaborating with each other in a data team. This paper ...


Indigenous School Attendance: Creating Expectations That Are ‘Really High’ And ‘Highly Real’, Tony Dreise, Gina Milgate, Bill Perrett, Troy Meston 2016 Australian Council for Educational Research

Indigenous School Attendance: Creating Expectations That Are ‘Really High’ And ‘Highly Real’, Tony Dreise, Gina Milgate, Bill Perrett, Troy Meston

Policy Insights

Issue 4 of ACER's Policy Insights series commences with a synthesis of publicly available data on school attendance by Indigenous Australians, highlighting areas of major risk. It explores Australian and international literature to develop an understanding of the risk factors and protective factors involved in strengthening school attendance. The paper then articulates a number of design principles to underpin future investment and intervention policies, and concludes with proposed guideposts which could be considered by policy-makers going forward.

Educators and policy-makers are increasingly calling for ‘high expectations’ in education, including in Indigenous education. One of these expectations is improved rates ...


Private Schooling Characteristics, Roles And Grievances, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Private Schooling Characteristics, Roles And Grievances, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Private schools have grown tremendously in developing countries. Education systems that adopt market-based principles, through the adoption of charter, voucher or public-private partnerships of varying degrees, are also on the rise globally. These developments suggest that there needs to be more investigation on the roles, responsibilities and regulations governing these entities, and how these developments affect systemwide quality and equity. In the burgeoning literature on the issue of rising private school growth, there is very limited analysis from the perspective of private sector actors. 

In this paper, I respond to this research gap by analyzing private schooling growth in the ...


Private Schooling Characteristics, Roles And Grievances, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Private Schooling Characteristics, Roles And Grievances, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Private schools have grown tremendously in developing countries. Education systems that adopt market-based principles, through the adoption of charter, voucher or public-private partnerships of varying degrees, are also on the rise globally. These developments suggest that there needs to be more investigation on the roles, responsibilities and regulations governing these entities, and how these developments affect systemwide quality and equity. In the burgeoning literature on the issue of rising private school growth, there is very limited analysis from the perspective of private sector actors. 

In this paper, I respond to this research gap by analyzing private schooling growth in the ...


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