The Policy Trajectories Of Autonomous Vehicles, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
The Policy Trajectories Of Autonomous Vehicles, John Paul Macduffie
Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative
Autonomous Vehicle (AV) technology promises to dramatically reduce deaths and economic losses from crashes caused by human error, increase mobility for those with disabilities, and revolutionize the auto industry. Yet legislation to facilitate oversight of the development and deployment of AVs is stalling in Congress. Professor John Paul MacDuffie offers a primer on AV technology policy, and discusses strategies for addressing safety and other public concerns while still facilitating AV innovation in the private sector.
A Study Of The Impact Of Tourism On The Environment And Jeddah Citizen’S Perceptions Toward Tourism In Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 2018 Clark Atlanta University
A Study Of The Impact Of Tourism On The Environment And Jeddah Citizen’S Perceptions Toward Tourism In Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Mona Aljohani
Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University
This study examined the impact of tourism on the environment and Jeddah citizens’ perceptions toward tourism in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The sample consisted of citizens who reside in the city of Jeddah. The variables analyzed included the following: cleanliness of the city, crowding, access to facilities, availability of water, and the quality of air and sea. An explanatory research design was utilized to generate the study, and purposive sampling was employed to gather the analysis. A total of 115 participants participated in the study. The study results suggested that cleanliness of the city, crowding, access to facilities, availability of water ...
Utrecht, Bike Capital Of The World, 2018 Utrecht University
Utrecht, Bike Capital Of The World, Martijn Rietbergen
TREC Friday Seminar Series
Utrecht is a bustling, bicycle-friendly city in the Netherlands. Every day, between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m., over 125,000 cyclists ride to their work, school, university, public transport, shops or home through the city centre.
The municipality wants to make cycling even more attractive for these and other cyclists. Consequently, the bicycle is given precedence in the mobility policy of the municipality of Utrecht. We want to be the most bike-friendly city in the world. We want to keep our growing city livable, accessible and economically strong, and we are convinced that the bicycle can and should ...
Midland: A Positive Community By Design, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
Midland: A Positive Community By Design, Miles Bukiet, Christine L. Moriarty, Elizabeth Weight, Kathryn Wessling, Katie Wittekind
Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects
This community project aims to improve the well-being of those who live and work in Midland, Michigan by improving the quality of relationships in the community. We use the galvanizing framework of a campaign which focuses on creating high quality connections in the community for everyone and to end loneliness (Project Zero: Nobody with Nobody). Using a multi-phase implementation plan, this campaign begins with the creation of a wellbeing committee and three micro-interventions: goal mapping, a psychological safety exercise, and one-on-one discussions called “Local Cafes.” These interventions draw on the power of high quality connections and positive emotions to support ...
The Impacts Of Green Spaces On Crime In New York City, 2018 Fordham University
The Impacts Of Green Spaces On Crime In New York City, Matthew Edward Iannone Jr.
Student Theses 2015-Present
From the early 1960s through the mid-1990s, crime in New York City ran rampant. With a gradually dwindling police during this time, a high unemployment rate, and an rapidly increasing metropolitan population, crime peaked in the early 1990s, with the murder rate hitting a record-high of 2,245 in 1990. When Mayor Rudy Giuliani took office in 1994 and appoint Bill Bratton as the NYPD police commissioner, these rates immediately plunged. Numerous factors may have contributed to this sudden decline in crime: the police force grew significantly through the 1990s, more criminals were placed and held in prison, and the ...
A Socioeconomic Valuation Of Urban Wetland Ecosystems And Policy Recommendation For College Lake, 2018 Lynchburg College
A Socioeconomic Valuation Of Urban Wetland Ecosystems And Policy Recommendation For College Lake, Michael Dunmyer
Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects
Cityscapes in the United States are often viewed dichotomously in regards to natural environments. Preserved sites can be seen as an obstacle to urban development, and the concept of a functioning ecosystem within city limits is fictitious to many; we assume the two cannot coexist. Lynchburg, Virginia’s College Lake offers a unique case study for how urban ecosystems can not only subsist within cities but provide pivotal functions for them as well. With the potential for a dam-breaching storm event increasing in possibility with each passing year, concerns regarding the structural integrity of the College Lake dam in Lynchburg ...
The State And Future Of Autonomous Vehicle Regulation In The United States, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
The State And Future Of Autonomous Vehicle Regulation In The United States, Nikolay Nyashin
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Autonomous vehicle technology is poised to revolutionize transit around the world. There are currently tens of private companies either testing or building autonomous vehicles, including industry juggernauts like Ford and Google. This new mode of transportation falls into a regulatory grey area. Once cars reach full autonomy, governments will have to decide what entities will regulate them, where they will be allowed to drive, who will be responsible for them and a host of other issues. In some municipalities like San Francisco and Phoenix, autonomous vehicles (AVs) are being tested on public streets in real life conditions. Meanwhile, in 2017 ...
Pedestrian Safety On San Jose Roads: The Impact Of Traffic Safety Infrastructure, 2018 San Jose State University
Pedestrian Safety On San Jose Roads: The Impact Of Traffic Safety Infrastructure, David Lisenbee
How successful have the City of San Jose’s traffic safety improvement programs been in reducing pedestrian injuries/fatalities on city streets? This research question focuses on the impact of the City of San Jose’s traffic safety programs on pedestrian safety between 2010 and 2014. The research aims to determine the extent to which traffic safety programs and infrastructure reduce rates of pedestrian injuries/fatalities and the severity of pedestrian injuries when incidents occur.
“When One Shingle Sends Up Smoke”: The Summit Beacon Advises Akron About The Epidemic Cholera, 1849, 2018 The University of Akron
“When One Shingle Sends Up Smoke”: The Summit Beacon Advises Akron About The Epidemic Cholera, 1849, Elizabeth Hall
Nineteenth-Century Ohio Literature
Elizabeth Hall explains the American cholera epidemic of 1849, with special attention to how cholera afflicted Akron, a booming canal town in Northeast Ohio. The article presents the full text of 1849 Akron newspaper articles on cholera and explains how their mix of good and bad information was published right before scientific breakthroughs in cholera research.
Housing Recovery After Disasters: Primary Versus Seasonal/Vacation Housing Markets In Coastal Communities, 2018 Iowa State University
Housing Recovery After Disasters: Primary Versus Seasonal/Vacation Housing Markets In Coastal Communities, Sara Hamideh, Walter G. Peacock, Shannon Van Zandt
Community and Regional Planning Publications
Recovery of seasonal housing after disasters is driven by different types of decisions and resource streams than those of year-round homes. Given the importance of seasonal rentals in the economy of coastal and particularly island communities, understanding the levels and recovery trajectories of seasonal housing may inform overall recovery expectations. The authors report findings from an empirical study of impact and recovery trajectories for owner-occupied and rental single-family housing in housing sub-market areas in Galveston, Texas following Hurricane Ike using random effects panel models to predict the parcel-level values over an eight-year period. Divergent impact and recovery trajectories and processes ...
Creating A Livable Region Through Sustainable Development Practices: Reorienting Development In Windsor-Essex Through The Implementation Of Light Rail Transit, Justin Morgan Appler
Windsor-Essex County lacks proper regional transportation, a major sustainability issue compounded by poor land use strategies, resulting in low-density suburban communities defined by extensive sprawl and heavy dependence on private automobile use. The current development direction of Windsor-Essex County is unsustainable on multiple levels, turning the region into space in which residents have limited options for how they can efficiently travel within their own municipality and to other municipalities. The downtown core of Windsor needs serious regeneration and the communities that make up the larger metropolitan region need an effective means of travel that is both environmentally sustainable and affordable ...
To What Extent Would Operational Restructuring Through Connecting Market Participants Streamline The Informal Recycling Industry In Urban India?, Peter W. Hjemdahl, Svanika Balasubramanian
Joseph Wharton Scholars
As the economies of developing countries grow, the waste production in these nations also increases proportionally. However, local governments are constrained by both the lack of adequate funds and a lack of skilled human capital, and are thus unable to build necessary waste management infrastructure. The majority of waste produced in these urban centres end up untreated in landfills, proving to be a social and environmental danger. A small portion of this refuse is handled by a vibrant informal recycling industry that is unable to scale given myriad inefficiencies. We propose the implementation of a tech-enabled marketplace platform to consolidate ...
Stormwater Management In Philadelphia: The Importance Of Green Stormwater Infrastructure And Community Involvement In Greater Citywide Sustainability, Julie Groff
Theses and projects
In 2000, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found the City of Philadelphia to be in violation of the Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1972 due to insufficient stormwater infrastructure. In 2011, Philadelphia initiated a 25-year, citywide plan called Green City, Clean Waters to reduce stormwater runoff by implementing green stormwater infrastructure (GSI). The plan promised significant community involvement in the process. I conducted semi-structured interviews with City employees and individuals in the community that have partnered with the City to administer GSI and participant observation of community meetings and used them to explore different neighborhoods’ experiences with Green City, Clean ...
Infrastructure Impacts On Commercial Property Values Across El Paso In 2013, 2018 Mercator International
Infrastructure Impacts On Commercial Property Values Across El Paso In 2013, Arturo Bujanda, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr.
Border Region Modeling Project
Real estate property value analysis is used for municipal taxation and budgeting. Commercial properties make up a large percentage of the property tax base in many, if not most, taxing jurisdictions. Data constraints limit the number of analyses conducted on commercial property value patterns. This study employs a fairly extensive data set to address that problem in the context of El Paso in 2013. The sample contains data for 105,611 commercial real estate parcels. Empirical analysis is conducted using geographically weighted regression analysis. Results confirm that parameter estimation for the commercial property data in this sample should be conducted ...
Japan's Employment 'Catch-22': The Impact Of Working Conditions For Women In Japan On Japan's Demographic Population Crisis, 2017 The University of San Francisco
Japan's Employment 'Catch-22': The Impact Of Working Conditions For Women In Japan On Japan's Demographic Population Crisis, Mary Perkins
This thesis examines Japan’s aging population crisis and gender inequalities in the workplace. This topic presents an interesting and challenging phenomenon for Japan, as Japan’s economy and technology have developed more rapidly than almost any other country, establishing Japan as one of the Group of Seven industrialized nations. Yet Japan still significantly lags behind other industrialized nations when it comes to women’s rights and opportunities for advancement in the workplace. This is in turn hampering efforts for Japan to address a population crisis, with an older population growth rate far outpacing the growth of demographic groups that ...
An Abbreviated Leap: The Geopolitical And Geoeconomic Significance Of The China – Pakistan Economic Corridor To The New Silk Road, Emma Nichols
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
The objective of this analysis is to reveal the geopolitical and geoeconomic significance of the China – Pakistan Economic Corridor of the Belt and Road Initiative to its major stakeholders; Pakistan and China. In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping unveiled one of the most ambitious international infrastructure plans in modern history. The plan, in its earliest stages, is currently underway with its first portion, the China – Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Through careful preliminary analysis of the greater Belt and Road Initiative, the China – Pakistan Economic Corridor, and history of Sino-Pak relations, the motivations of the collaborating nations are then manifested. This ...
Cash Versus In-Kind Transfers: Comparative Differences And Individual Best Practices To Benefit Recipient Communities, Sarah Wicker
Senior Honors Theses
This research paper seeks to compare cash and in-kind transfers in the context of foreign poverty aid to determine which transfer style is most beneficial and to evaluate long-term best practices of each kind to more positively benefit the recipient communities. It does this by comparing arguments for and against each transfer model. The first argument discusses the differences in distribution costs between the two models. The second compares the cash transfer’s strong concept of choice with in-kind transfer’s typical style of controlled consumption of goods. The second argument discusses the timing and impact of targeting communities in ...
Qkan - Management Of Drainage System Data With Qgis, 2017 FH Aachen Univ. of Applied Sciences, Germany
Qkan - Management Of Drainage System Data With Qgis, Jörg Höttges
Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial (FOSS4G) Conference Proceedings
Based on QGIS a database structure and a set of plugins have been developed to improve the workflow for the hydraulic design of urban drainage systems for consulting engineers. The main goal is pre- and postprocessing in combination with various commercial hydraulic simulation software packages. The plugins provide import and export functionalities, simulation result viewing and generation of longitudinal cross sections in a CAD program. All modules make intensive use of SQL based spatial functions instead of functions implemented in QGIS, because of their stability, higher flexibility and speed due to the indexing functionality. On the other hand the database ...
Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, 2017 University of Pennsylvania
Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney
Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects
What is a thriving city? Is it even possible to raise the well-being of an entire city, and why bother? Recent advancements in positive psychology have made it possible to define, measure, and increase well-being on a much larger scale. This provides an unprecedented opportunity for cities to explore well-being. In order to increase the well-being of the city – cities will need to think carefully about what that means, why it is important, and how they will do it. This capstone posits that cities can define what well-being means for themselves inclusive of: the target (the city, individuals, or other ...
The Feasibility Of Road User Fees And Other Alternative Sources Of Transportation Funding, 2017 Pepperdine University
The Feasibility Of Road User Fees And Other Alternative Sources Of Transportation Funding, Joshua R. Amberg
Pepperdine Policy Review
The nation faces an approaching crisis in transportation funding. This is a critical issue that is both relevant and essential to public administration. It affects all levels of government and extends across the nation. Rapidly declining sources of transportation funding pose short-term and long-term challenges for politicians, public administrators, and everyday citizens. In the face of inadequate revenues, new forms of funding are necessary to keep the transportation system solvent. This paper will briefly outline the history of transportation funding that created this problem and examine various proposed solutions. It will focus specifically on the emerging theory of road user ...