A Framework For Measuring The Spatial Equity In The Distribution Of Public Transportation Benefits, 2017 Isfahan University of Technology
A Framework For Measuring The Spatial Equity In The Distribution Of Public Transportation Benefits, Seyyed Amir Hosein Mortazavi, Meisam Akbarzadeh
Journal of Public Transportation
This paper proposes that an equitable transit system requires that the geographical distribution of transit service benefits conform to the geographical distribution of the citizens with the greatest need for public transportation. This is the essence of vertical equity. This study calculated “connectivity power,” which reflects public transit service quality in each traffic analysis zone (TAZ) in a city to indicate the amount of benefit that TAZ is receiving from the transit system. The number of carless citizens in each TAZ was also calculated as an index of need to the public transit services in that area. Conformity of need ...
Variation In Environmental Risk Perceptions And Information Sources Among Three Communities In El Paso, 2016 University of New Hampshire
Variation In Environmental Risk Perceptions And Information Sources Among Three Communities In El Paso, Theresa L. Byrd, James Vanderslice, Susan K. Peterson
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
The authors report the results of a pilot study of environmental risk and sources of environmental information in three socio-economically and culturally distinct communities in Texas.
Non-Employment Benefits And The Evolution Of Worker-Employer Cooperation: Experiments With Real And Computational Agents, 2016 University of Nevada - Reno
Non-Employment Benefits And The Evolution Of Worker-Employer Cooperation: Experiments With Real And Computational Agents, Mark Pingle, Leigh Tesfatsion
Experiments with real and computational agents are used to examine the impact of changing the level of a non-employment payoff on the evolution of cooperation between workers and employers participating in a sequential employment game with incomplete contracts. Workers either direct work offers to preferred employers or choose unemployment. and receive the non-employment payoff. Subject to capacity limitations, employers either accept work offers from preferred workers or remain-vacant' and receive the non-employment payoff. Matched workers and. employers participate in an employment relationship modeled as a prisoner's dilemma game. • In both types of experiments, increases in the non-employment payoff result ...
Spaceways: Airspace In Outer Space, 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Spaceways: Airspace In Outer Space, Scott Haeffelin
Space Traffic Management Conference
Forecasted future demand in space travel is driving the need for the development of space traffic management. Currently, orbital space traffic is mostly unregulated with internationally agreed upon best practices and self-interest driving space operators to avoid collisions with other spacecraft. This paper explores the future of space travel by presenting a concept of creating “airspace in space” or spaceways to manage the ever growing volumes of space traffic. Spaceways are analogous to airspace for aircraft with the goal of increasing levels of safety and reducing probabilities of collision. These goals can be achieved by creating traffic rules, defining valuable ...
The Economic Costs And Benefits Of Implementing The Clean Power Plan, 2016 University of Pennsylvania
The Economic Costs And Benefits Of Implementing The Clean Power Plan, Jose Miguel Abito, Christopher R. Knittel, Konstantinos Metaxoglou, Andre Trindade
Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative
This brief looks at the costs of implementing the EPA’s Clean Power Plan. Specifically, it examines whether implementing the CPP on a state-by-state basis—that is, with each state meeting its own individual target for emissions reduction by 2030, rather than establishing regional targets—is economically efficient. The economic analysis uses data from electricity-generating firms participating in the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) Interconnection to examine the relative economic efficiency of regional versus state-by-state implementation of the CPP. The research indicates that state-by-state implementation would yield the lowest electricity prices in 2030.
Public Participation In Hazard Management: The Use Of Citizen Panels In The U.S., 2016 University of New Hampshire
Public Participation In Hazard Management: The Use Of Citizen Panels In The U.S., Ortwin Renn, Thomas Webler, Branden B. Johnson
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
After discussing the need for citizen participation in Risk management and a method of facilitating such participation as developed in Germany, the authors discuss and analyze its subsequent modification and use in a sewage sludge management project in New Jersey.
Strategic Community Healthcare Management, 2016 University of San Francisco
Strategic Community Healthcare Management, Stephanie Penrod
Federally Qualified Health Centers(FQHC) and Community Health Centers are growing with the Affordable Care Act. This paper introduces literature that supports the need for Community Health Centers and management of low income patients with chronic illnesses. This paper also reviews the fieldwork experience at a FQHC. It reviews the goals, project, methods and findings of the fieldwork. This paper also elaborates on the scope of the project and a quality improvement report for the FQHC in observation. It discusses the future potential implementation of the recommendations and the benefits for both employees and patients. This paper concludes with follow ...
Improving Pathways To Transit For Persons With Disabilities, 2016 Rutgers University - New Brunswick/Piscataway
Improving Pathways To Transit For Persons With Disabilities, Stephanie Dipetrillo, Andrea Lubin, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, Carla Salehian, Stephen Gibson, Kristen William, Theodore Trent Green
Mineta Transportation Institute Publications
Persons with disabilities can achieve a greater degree of freedom when they have full access to a variety of transit modes, but this can only be achieved when the pathways to transit – the infrastructure and conditions in the built environment – allow full access to transit stops, stations, and vehicles. Since passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990, many transit agencies and governmental jurisdictions have made significant progress in this area. Policy initiatives, incremental enhancements, modifications, and other measures undertaken by transit agencies and their partners have significantly improved access to transit for persons with disabilities, others who ...
The Cost Of Earmarks, 2016 California State University - San Bernardino
The Cost Of Earmarks, Nicholis John Zappia
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
Finding revenue is a challenge that faces many municipalities in the United States. As the tax base continues to decline and demand for government services increases, local governments are forced to make hard choices. Low on the list of priorities for local governments is the maintenance, and construction of infrastructure. Traditionally there have been several ways for local governments to fund long-term infrastructure projects including, federal-aid through the process of earmarking. The practice of earmarking has been around since the first congress, but hit its peak between 2003 and 2007. The earmarking process is controversial for several reasons; earmarking bypasses ...
Singapore's Vision Of A Smart Nation, 2016 Singapore Management University
Singapore's Vision Of A Smart Nation, Foo S.L., Pan, Gary
Research Collection School Of Accountancy
With a population of 5.4 million and land area of 718 square kilometres, 94 percent of Singapore’s population live in high-rise apartments, of which, 82 percent dwell in public housing. As an ultra-dense city-state, effective and innovative urban development is a social and economic imperative intricately intertwined with Singapore’s competitiveness and quality of life. Harnessing information and communications technology (ICT) is not only essential to achieving this, but also serves as a template for answering some of the global challenges faced by urban centres around the world–particularly in regard to economic development, social cohesion, better city ...
Broadband And Mobile Internet Services In Nonmetropolitan Nebraska: 2016 Nebraska Rural Poll Results, 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Broadband And Mobile Internet Services In Nonmetropolitan Nebraska: 2016 Nebraska Rural Poll Results, Rebecca Vogt, Cheryl Burkhart-Kriesel, Randolph Cantrell, Bradley Lubben, Larry R Mcelravy Jr
Publications from the Center for Applied Rural Innovation (CARI)
A recent Pew Research Center survey revealed that home broadband adoption has plateaued in the United States. In addition, there has been an increase in adults who use a smartphone to access the Internet but do not have traditional broadband service in their home. Given these national trends, how do rural Nebraskans access the Internet? Are they accessing the Internet from their cell phones? Are they subscribing to high-speed Internet services at home? How satisfied are they with their Internet services? How important do they feel Internet access is for various items? This paper provides a detailed analysis of these ...
Corporate Responsibility In Peace Building, Conflict Prevention And Development: The Role Of The Mining Sector In Ghana, 2016 University of Cape Coast
Corporate Responsibility In Peace Building, Conflict Prevention And Development: The Role Of The Mining Sector In Ghana, Abdul Karim Issifu
Journal of Interdisciplinary Conflict Science
This article seeks to explore the role of the mining sector in peace building, conflict prevention and community development in Ghana. After thoroughly reviewing secondary data, including articles, books, journals, newspapers, etc., via critical document review and qualitative research approaches the research found that, there is no legal document on CSR in Ghana, yet mining companies in a free will, have executed CSR programs laying down for peace, security and development in the country. More so, this article provides a theoretical support for the Integrative theory of CSR on the basis that, the socio-economic, political, cultural and environmental needs of ...
"Refugee Industrial Complex," Neoliberal Governance Within The Resettlement Industry And Its Effects: Is An Alternative Structure Possible?, Amira F. Al-Dasouqi
International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)
Within the current political climate and discussions surrounding displacement, refugee resettlement is a ‘hot-button’ issue. While working at one of the largest resettlement agencies in New England, the author began to analyze how power itself is structured within the Refugee Resettlement Industry (RRI) nationally. This paper argues that the RRI is embedded within neoliberal governance and can be better understood and improved with this understanding. The author argues for the term “Refugee [Resettlement] Industrial Complex,” to more adequately understand the ways that power is enacted through the current structure, and how it inhibits social justice work rooted in advocating for ...
Healthcare Facility Location: A Breast Cancer Alliance Case Study, 2016 Clark University
Healthcare Facility Location: A Breast Cancer Alliance Case Study, Alexandra Knopf
International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)
Community health is impacted by the location of a health advocacy agency. This commissioned report for the Breast Cancer Alliance of Greenwich, CT, consists of a location analysis to review potential cities in which they might locate expansion efforts. Such cities include Boston, MA, Chicago, IL, Greenwich, CT, Los Angeles, CA, San Francisco, CA, and Washington, D.C. This report will look at five ways (4 mathematical and one spatial) of conducting a location analysis that require specialized knowledge for interpretation. For this study, a Spatial Geographic Information System methodology is preferred because of the visualization component, which can ensure ...
Reorganizing The Department Of Veterans Affairs Acquisition And Logistics Office, 2016 American Public University System
Reorganizing The Department Of Veterans Affairs Acquisition And Logistics Office, Kristine M. Clark
Master's Capstone Theses
The Secretary of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is looking for suggestions on options to realign the services that provide support VA-wide. The goals of the proposed alignment should focus on increasing efficiencies and reducing costs. The project examines the organizational structure and design options and compares each for strengths and weaknesses against the requirements of the VA Acquisition and Logistics. It is also essential that the structure and design align with the new culture of the organization to avoid a conflict that will decrease the likelihood of successful implementation of the realignment. After a thorough evaluation of each ...
Led Street Light Research Project Part Ii: New Findings, 2016 Carnegie Mellon University
Led Street Light Research Project Part Ii: New Findings, Stephen Quick, Donald K. Carter, Kayvon Fatahalian, Cynthia Limauro, C+C Lighting
School of Architecture
Many cities are converting their existing street lighting to Light Emitting Diode (LED) source luminaires due to anticipated energy savings of 40 to 80 percent, as compared to high intensity discharge (HID) source luminaires, and maintenance savings estimated to be 50 to 75 percent due to the longer life of LED luminaires. Addressable electronic lighting controls and sensors are now available that can transform a basic streetlight into an intelligent, smart city device with public safety and other benefits. The number of variables that civic officials must consider for any street lighting conversion project has increased as a result of ...
Assessing Transportation Management Associations (Tmas) In Rural Maine As An Approach To Increase Transportation Options, 2016 University of New England
Assessing Transportation Management Associations (Tmas) In Rural Maine As An Approach To Increase Transportation Options, Vicki L. Rusbult
All Theses And Dissertations
Maine has the distinction of being a beautiful state defined by natural forests, crystal-clear lakes, and a landscape unblemished by the usual marks of the densely populated regions of the U.S. The downside to this rural beauty is the remoteness of the sparsely populated communities which present challenges to residents who are unable to drive themselves to procure basic services because of physical, legal, or economic conditions.
Many rural residents are unable to rely on personally-owned, single driver vehicles. According to the Maine Department of Transportation Bureau of Planning (2013), the Eastern Maine region has an estimated unmet need ...
Exchange Patterns And Relations In Collaborative Governance., 2016 University of Louisville
Exchange Patterns And Relations In Collaborative Governance., Charles Wharton Kaye-Essien
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Collaborative governance has received considerable attention in recent years. From environmental resource management to public safety, collaborative governance continues to play a vital role in regional problem solving. In spite of this increasing popularity previous attempts to model the political, economic, and demographic determinants of collaboration have in most cases produced inconsistent results, thereby undermining the ability to generalize from such findings. Additionally, our understanding of the relational patterns that emanate from collaborative agreements remains fairly rudimentary. The main objective of this research is to address some of the gaps in the literature and improve our understanding of collaborative governance ...
Trash On Taboga: A Case Study On Solid Waste Management And Feasible Methods For Sustainable Improvements, Taboga Island, Panama, 2016 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad
Trash On Taboga: A Case Study On Solid Waste Management And Feasible Methods For Sustainable Improvements, Taboga Island, Panama, Madison Marra
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
On Taboga Island, a touristic island located just 20km outside of Panama City, solid waste can be found both littered and accumulated in an open-air dump that contributes to air, land, and ocean pollution. While more sustainable waste management systems are possible, as seen in other developing countries, differences in perceptions of waste management by users may result in differences in acceptance of new ideas. In this study, semi-structured interviews were used to gauge the status of waste management on Taboga and the perceptions of waste by its residents and visitors in order to ensure the participation of users in ...
Transit-Oriented Development And Weak Real-Estate Markets, 2016 Trinity College
Transit-Oriented Development And Weak Real-Estate Markets, Jonathan Cabral
Mass public transportation has quickly become one of the hot topic issues throughout the country. Connecticut in particular has made significant investments in public transit and hopes to create a modern public transit system over the next two decades.
As part of the investment in public transit, there has also been significant investment in development planning around these newly created transit hubs. The development of the land around these hubs is oftentimes referred to as transit-oriented development (TOD). Rooted in TOD are principles of "new urbanism," an attempt to make places safer, walkable, and esthetically pleasing. In addition, TOD has ...