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7,344 full-text articles. Page 1 of 183.

Local Entities As Mechanisms For Global Climate Governance, Daniel Vernick, Cameron Stanish, Joshua Hill 2019 Yale University

Local Entities As Mechanisms For Global Climate Governance, Daniel Vernick, Cameron Stanish, Joshua Hill

Climate and Society

This paper considers the role of local government entities as actors in global climate governance regimes. The authors review traditional state-based climate governance efforts and existing attempts to engage municipal and local actors through transnational municipal networks (TMNs). Arguing for the importance of TMNs to effective and time-sensitive climate action, the authors then show how and why TMNs are crucial to future efforts to address climate mitigation as part of multi-level, holistic plans for global climate governance.


Sex Segregation As Policy Problem: A Gendered Policy Paradox, Elizabeth Sharrow 2019 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Sex Segregation As Policy Problem: A Gendered Policy Paradox, Elizabeth Sharrow

Elizabeth Sharrow


2017 marked the forty-fifth anniversary of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, a sex non-discrimination policy which remade American education and athletics. Has Title IX fulfilled its promise to end discriminatory and disparate treatment of women in educational institutions? This article places policy in conversation with scholarly debate over tackling persistent sex and gender inequalities, illustrating that the athletic policy sphere sits at the center of both addressing and reproducing sexism.  It examines the under-appreciated complexity of sex equity politics and suggests the need to question how well public policy addresses inequalities.  It argues that we are losing ...


Fire Training Fatalities And Firefighter Adherence To National Fire Protection Association Standards, Lucas Aaron Garcia 2019 Walden University

Fire Training Fatalities And Firefighter Adherence To National Fire Protection Association Standards, Lucas Aaron Garcia

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Sudden cardiac arrest continues to be a major cause of firefighter deaths during training due to a lack of individual firefighter adherence to National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards. These standards identify requirements for fire departments to create and maintain fitness programs. Existing research has not identified any relationships between training fatalities and individual firefighter adherence to NFPA 1583, Standard on Health-Related Fitness Programs for Fire Department Members. Using self-determination theory as the foundation, the purpose of this cross-sectional correlation study was to investigate whether individual firefighter adherence to NFPA 1583 has a measurable effect on training fatalities. Survey data ...


Nudge Theory's Perceived Influence On Fmla Among Midwestern Metropolitan Nonprofit Arts Organizations, Eliza Gordner 2019 Walden University

Nudge Theory's Perceived Influence On Fmla Among Midwestern Metropolitan Nonprofit Arts Organizations, Eliza Gordner

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) has had significant influence on both for-profit and nonprofit employers since it was enacted in 1993. Because nonprofit organizations often have more limited resources than for-profit organizations, implementing family and medical leave policy mandates can be problematic. Arts-related nonprofit organizations often have even fewer resources available yet must still ensure legal compliance and market competitiveness while continuing to focus on meeting their missions. Even if a smaller nonprofit organization is not subject to the FMLA, it is subject to other federal, state, and local employment laws, and the organization must decide whether to ...


Second Language Capability In The Army Linguist Community, Kenneth John Hutchinson 2019 Walden University

Second Language Capability In The Army Linguist Community, Kenneth John Hutchinson

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Developing the ability to understand one's adversary is a critical task for any professional in the military. In the army, this understanding is partially realized through a second language capability. This study involved quantifying results from different sites and methods of second language training for army linguists, using proficiency scores measured by the Defense Language Proficiency Test to determine if quantitative differences between methods of instruction existed. The hypothesis that trainees at Site 1 achieved significantly higher proficiency levels than trainees at Site 2 was used as the primary building block for this research. The objective of this study ...


A Quantitative Analysis Of Re-Offense Among Delinquent Foster Care Youth In Georgia, Brian Keith Jones 2019 Walden University

A Quantitative Analysis Of Re-Offense Among Delinquent Foster Care Youth In Georgia, Brian Keith Jones

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Nationwide more than 2 million youth are placed in custody annually, approximately 80,000 children return home, and more than 70% have a diagnosable mental disorder. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the outcomes of 311 youth released from secure residential facilities in Georgia between January 2012 thru May 2017. In the dataset, 136 youth returned to regular homes, 128 returned to group homes (GC), and 47 returned to traditional foster homes (TFC). The goal of the study was to examine the differences in probation outcomes based on the type of placement. For the purpose of the ...


The Use Of Compassionate Release Policies For Elderly Offenders, Lindsey Martin 2019 Walden University

The Use Of Compassionate Release Policies For Elderly Offenders, Lindsey Martin

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

This research examined the use of compassionate release policy in response to the fastest-increasing segment of the prison population- elderly offenders. Though this policy is an approach to this problem, there was little available research regarding which correctional organizations in the United States adopt compassionate release and how it is used. The purpose of this nonexperimental comparative quantitative study was to examine the use of the policy in neighboring and distant state correctional systems relative to those organizations that used the policy more frequently to determine if the leader-laggard theory of policy diffusion was an effective policy-implementation framework. The research ...


African American Males' Perceptions Of The Police, Shawanda S. Moore 2019 Walden University

African American Males' Perceptions Of The Police, Shawanda S. Moore

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

African American males are more likely than any of race of males to report unreasonable and unnecessary negative experiences with law enforcement officers. They may describe these experiences as unjustified due to the level of force used. In some cases, excessive force used by police has resulted in the death of African American males. Due to unresolved issues between African American males and police officers dating back to the slavery era, there is a deep historical division between these groups. Among African American males, the percentage of individuals who express distrust toward police officers tends to be higher than in ...


Late Adolescent Mothers' Homelessness And Pregnancy Experiences While Living In Transitional Housing, Beverly Vendryes 2019 Walden University

Late Adolescent Mothers' Homelessness And Pregnancy Experiences While Living In Transitional Housing, Beverly Vendryes

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The numbers of homeless adolescent mothers have been increasing over the past decade. Previous studies have focused on homeless individuals, but no studies examined late adolescent mothers' homelessness and pregnancy experiences while living in transitional housing. Using a phenomenological methodology, this study explored the lived experiences of 7 adolescent mothers, 18 to 24 years old, who were homeless, pregnant, and living in transitional housing. The social construction of reality theory provided the framework and interpretive lens for this study. Social networking and snowball sampling were used for participant recruitment. Through in-depth interviews, data coding and analyses were conducted to identify ...


The Impact Of Good Governance And Stability On Sustainable Development In Ghana, William Deiyan Towah 2019 Walden University

The Impact Of Good Governance And Stability On Sustainable Development In Ghana, William Deiyan Towah

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Previous studies have lauded Ghana's commitment to sustainable development, but corruption and violence may affect sustainable development policies and initiatives related to poverty reduction, agricultural practices, environmental protection, and human development. The purpose of this holistic, qualitative case study was to identify and describe good governance practices in Ghana and threats to sustainable development. A Marxist conceptual lens guided the thematic analysis of data collected from artifact documents, field notes, and interviews of 20 key informants from various professions and diverse perspectives who were directly involved in the governance of Ghana or implementation of policies. Three primary themes emerged ...


Terrorism In The Middle East: Implications On Egyptian Travel And Tourism, Tamer Z.F Mohamed, Tamer S. Elseyoufi 2018 Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan

Terrorism In The Middle East: Implications On Egyptian Travel And Tourism, Tamer Z.F Mohamed, Tamer S. Elseyoufi

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This paper attempts to shed the light on challenging issues affecting travel and tourism industry especially in the Middle East such as political, socio-economic and security instability. Due to its geopolitical and historical importance, the paper focuses on the situation in Egypt as a descriptive case study. The methodology relies on historical review and impact assessment to understand the roots and extended branches of instability in the Middle East that led to the Arab Spring, by focusing on the Egyptian case in the last half century. The assessment explains the negative effect of Western and Egyptian policy on extending the ...


Stealth Democracy: Authoritarianism And Democratic Deliberation, Peter Muhlberger 2018 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Stealth Democracy: Authoritarianism And Democratic Deliberation, Peter Muhlberger

Journal of Public Deliberation

In Stealth Democracy, Hibbing and Theiss-Morse seek to show that much of the American public desires "stealth democracy"--a democracy run like a business with little deliberation or public input. The authors maintain that stealth democracy beliefs are largely reasonable preferences, and the public does not want and would react negatively to a more deliberative democracy. This paper introduces an opposing "authoritarian stealth democrats thesis" that suggests that stealth democracy beliefs may be driven by authoritarianism and a variety of related orientations including poor political perspective taking and low cognitive engagement. These orientations may be ameliorated through democratic deliberation. Hypotheses ...


Certainty Vs. Flexibility In The Conflict Of Laws, Kermit Roosevelt III 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Certainty Vs. Flexibility In The Conflict Of Laws, Kermit Roosevelt Iii

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Traditional choice of law theory conceives of certainty and flexibility as opposed values: increase one, and you inevitably decrease the other. This article challenges the received wisdom by reconceptualizing the distinction. Rather than caring about certainty or flexibility for their own sake, it suggests, we care about them because each makes it easier to promote a certain cluster of values. And while there may be a necessary tradeoff between certainty and flexibility, there is no necessary tradeoff between the clusters of values. It is possible to improve a choice of law system with regard to both of them. The article ...


A Public Health Argument Against Arming Teachers, David I. Swedler 2018 Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation

A Public Health Argument Against Arming Teachers, David I. Swedler

Health Behavior Research

The peer-reviewed scientific literature does not support the idea that arming teachers will prevent school shootings. In this commentary, I draw on the criminal justice, injury prevention, and firearm safety literature to demonstrate how arming teachers will do more harm than good.


Robin Hood Politics: An Analysis Of Wealth Redistributive Policies And The Impact Of Political Donations, Marley R. Dizney Swanson 2018 Gettysburg College

Robin Hood Politics: An Analysis Of Wealth Redistributive Policies And The Impact Of Political Donations, Marley R. Dizney Swanson

Gettysburg Social Sciences Review

Both Democrats and Republicans have taken strong positions on wealth redistribution. But is there variance within the parties? I hypothesize that while moderate non-donors and moderate donors will favor increases in federal spending for such policies at similar rates, both liberal and conservative donors will be less likely to favor spending due to attachment to their personal wealth. This paper analyzes the differences in support for increasing the budgets of five wealth redistributive policies while controlling for political donations: public schools, welfare, aid to the poor, childcare, and Social Security. The research finds that moderates and moderate donors support do ...


Thoughts And Prayers, Chloe Kardasopoulos 2018 Chapman University

Thoughts And Prayers, Chloe Kardasopoulos

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Examining the symbolic Gun against its tangible counterpart illuminates abstract attachments of power and superiority this nation associates with the weapon. These elements loaded in the Gun transform the weapon into an object representative of American identity. Analyzing ideological commitments within the Gun guides a critical response to examine disproportionately increasing national gun violence against stagnant federal gun control. The ongoing gun debate must be analyzed in its entirety, beginning at its source - the Second Amendment. Scholars such as Gary Wills dissect the Second Amendment to extract its contextualized intent from modern writers’ manipulated interpretations. It is not the Amendment ...


Ecuador: 20 Años De Correspondencias Históricas, Políticas Y Normativas Entre Sociedad Civil Y Estado, Juan Auz, Sofía Jarrín MSc. 2018 Fundación Pachamama y Asesor Legal de Terra Mater-Ecuador

Ecuador: 20 Años De Correspondencias Históricas, Políticas Y Normativas Entre Sociedad Civil Y Estado, Juan Auz, Sofía Jarrín Msc.

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

La investigación centra su análisis en la (de) construcción de las dinámicas inter-relacionales del Estado ecuatoriano y la Sociedad Civil en estos últimos 20 años, considerando un corte temporal de dos bloques históricos, que incluyen cambios significativos de las figuras de representación política ecuatoriana y las transformaciones sustanciales del entorno jurídico e institucional del estado. El primer bloque (1996 a 2005), se relaciona a un periodo neoliberal que consolidó una débil y reducida estructura institucional enfocada en proteger los intereses de las elites económicas. El segundo (2006-2017), plantea un cambio sustantivo de las figuras de representación tradicionales y el ascenso ...


“La Forma Sigue A La Función”. Organizaciones Parciales De Movimientos Sociales Para La Realización Prefigurativa Del Cambio, Ruth Simsa, Marion Totter 2018 Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria

“La Forma Sigue A La Función”. Organizaciones Parciales De Movimientos Sociales Para La Realización Prefigurativa Del Cambio, Ruth Simsa, Marion Totter

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

El propósito de este artículo es analizar cómo los activistas del movimiento español de protesta 15M conceptualizan las prácticas organizativas en relación con los objetivos del movimiento. Ubicamos el concepto “organización parcial” en el contexto de la política de prefiguración. Empíricamente, el trabajo se basa en la investigación de campo realizada en España durante tres años (2014-2016), que incluyó 36 entrevistas cualitativas y observaciones participantes. Los hallazgos indican que los activistas consideran, de un lado, a las prácticas organizacionales como medios cruciales para lograr el cambio social y, de otro lado, a las organizaciones como organizaciones parciales, específicamente, para lograr ...


Sostenibilidad Integrada De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En Ecuador: Entre La Supervivencia Y La Extinción, Eulalia Flor, Jairo Rivera, Wilson Araque 2018 Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, Sede Ecuador

Sostenibilidad Integrada De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En Ecuador: Entre La Supervivencia Y La Extinción, Eulalia Flor, Jairo Rivera, Wilson Araque

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Este documento analiza la sostenibilidad de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil (OSC) en Ecuador desde un enfoque integrado. Actualmente las OSC en el país afrontan desafíos relacionados con cambios normativos que regulan su actividad, menor flujo de recursos desde la cooperación internacional -al ser considerado, el Ecuador, un país de ingreso medio-, y, también, la tendencia a un estado de inercia organizacional. La metodología del estudio incluye un levantamiento de información primaria proveniente de la captura y análisis de discursos de los dirigentes de las OSC y de la identificación y análisis de buenas prácticas para la sostenibilidad integrada ...


Auto-Organización De Los Trabajadores: Las Empresas Recuperadas En Argentina, Nathalie Colasanti, Rocco Frondizi, Laura González-Ortiz, Marco Meneguzzo 2018 Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”, Facultad de Economía. Italia

Auto-Organización De Los Trabajadores: Las Empresas Recuperadas En Argentina, Nathalie Colasanti, Rocco Frondizi, Laura González-Ortiz, Marco Meneguzzo

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el fenómeno de las Empresas Recuperadas por sus Trabajadores (ERT) en Argentina, el cual ha ocurrido a partir de 2001 en adelante, a fin de responder la siguiente pregunta de investigación: «Como cooperativas de trabajadores, ¿cómo son las ERT particulares?». Para llevar a cabo este objetivo, el diseño de investigación inició con una revisión de la literatura acerca de las cooperativas de trabajadores, y la comparación con teorías específicas sobre ERT. Posteriormente, se utilizó una metodología de investigación cualitativa, con el análisis de dos casos de estudio referentes a las principales ERT en ...


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