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Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon 2016 University of San Francisco

Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon

Master's Projects

CNL Abstract

A community health needs assessment for the service area prompted concern regarding access to quality healthcare for non-English speaking Southeast Asians (SEA) in the area. Goals of an initial investigation and subsequent implementation of sustainable stroke health fairs for non-English speaking communities were evaluated to assess primary healthcare concerns that the SEA community face and to suggest long-term solutions to these issues. Initial investigation required researching population-specific minority health statistics to quantify the prevalence of chronic diseases and conditions which were prioritized in terms of needs versus disparities. Research came from evidence base practice guidelines and personal concern ...


The Effect Of Health Insurance On Young Adults' Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence From The Affordable Care Act's Dependent Coverage Expansion, Quazi Hassan 2016 CUNY Hunter College

The Effect Of Health Insurance On Young Adults' Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence From The Affordable Care Act's Dependent Coverage Expansion, Quazi Hassan

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

The Affordable Care Act’s dependent coverage mandate extended young adults’ parental coverage to age 26. I study the expansion’s impact on young adults’ labor market outcomes using a control function method. Following the expansion, I find dependent coverage lowered labor force participation, lowered incomes, and mixed evidence regarding labor supply.


Fresh Air: The Impact Of Reformulated Gasoline On Infant Health, Mohammed Husain 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Fresh Air: The Impact Of Reformulated Gasoline On Infant Health, Mohammed Husain

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This paper considers a 1996 Reformulated Gasoline program, where gasoline emissions were regulated in California, to observe the effects on infant health indicators. I use a cross-county analysis to find significant effects from the policy that suggests an improvement in birth weight, gestational length, and infant mortality.


Looking Back: Cyclamate, Allan Mazur, Kevin Jacobson 2016 University of New Hampshire

Looking Back: Cyclamate, Allan Mazur, Kevin Jacobson

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The second in a series re-evaluating hazards identified in the 1950s and 60s.


“Mexico, Public Policy And Obesity In A Global Context”, Daniela Carina Bermudez 2016 University of San Francisco

“Mexico, Public Policy And Obesity In A Global Context”, Daniela Carina Bermudez

Master's Theses

Mexico has one of the most obese populations in the world. A country known for its diversity of rich flavorful food is drowning in low nutritional food products. This thesis examines Mexico’s obesity epidemic within the larger global context of international economic trade policies, public policies and Mexico’s health policies. The key research questions are 1) why is there an obesity epidemic in Mexico? and 2) what remedies should Mexico implement to control it? This thesis contributes to a viable policy strategy for the Mexican government to control and prevent the further increase of this obesity epidemic. Reviewing ...


Cardiovascular Disease—Risk Benefits Of Clean Fuel Technology And Policy: A Statistical Analysis, Paul Gallagher, William Lazarus, Hosein Shapouri, Roger Conway, Fantu Bachewe, Amelia Fischer 2016 Iowa State University

Cardiovascular Disease—Risk Benefits Of Clean Fuel Technology And Policy: A Statistical Analysis, Paul Gallagher, William Lazarus, Hosein Shapouri, Roger Conway, Fantu Bachewe, Amelia Fischer

Paul Gallagher

The hypothesis of this study is that there is a statistical relationship between the cardiovascular disease mortality rate and the intensity of fuel consumption (measured in gallons/square mile) at a particular location. We estimate cross-sectional regressions of the mortality rate due to cardiovascular disease against the intensity of fuel consumption using local data for the entire US, before the US Clean Air Act (CAA) in 1974 and after the most recent policy revisions in 2004. The cardiovascular disease rate improvement estimate suggests that up to 60 cardiovascular disease deaths per 100,000 residents are avoided in the largest urban ...


What Would Happen If Over-The-Counter Antibiotics Were Banned In Swine Rations?, Dermot J. Hayes, Helen H. Jensen, Jacinto F. Fabiosa 2016 Iowa State University

What Would Happen If Over-The-Counter Antibiotics Were Banned In Swine Rations?, Dermot J. Hayes, Helen H. Jensen, Jacinto F. Fabiosa

Dermot J. Hayes

A ban on over-the-counter feed antibiotics was implemented in Sweden in 1986. Similar bans were enacted in Norway in 1992, in Finland in 1996 (for grower-finishing hogs), in Denmark in 1998, and in Poland and Switzerland in 1999. In a study we conducted in 1999, we explored what would happen if a ban on the use of over-the-counter antibiotics in swine rations were to be implemented in the United States. Specifically, our purpose was to estimate the likely economic effects of such a ban on the U.S. pork industry and pork market.


Hospital Closure And Hospital Choice: How Hospital Quality And Availability Will Affect Rural Residents, Deepak Premkumar, Dave Jones, Peter Orazem 2016 University of California, Berkeley

Hospital Closure And Hospital Choice: How Hospital Quality And Availability Will Affect Rural Residents, Deepak Premkumar, Dave Jones, Peter Orazem

Peter Orazem

This study estimates a model of rural patient hospital choice between the nearest rural hospital, the nearest urban hospital, or the nearest research hospital. We present separate estimates for inpatient and outpatient visits, for different diagnoses, and for emergency and nonemergency admissions. The analyses illustrate the tradeoffs between hospital quality and distance in deciding whether to choose the nearest hospital or to travel farther for an alternative. The model parameters are used to simulate two hospital closing scenarios for both outpatient and inpatient data: 1) closing 25% of lowest quality rural hospitals and 2) closing 15% of the least used ...


Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer

Doctoral Dissertations

Sports-related concussions are a major public health concern affecting a significant number of collegiate student-athletes. Medical and public health research has addressed every aspect of concussion management processes including concussion education, medical diagnosis, recovery, and returning to sport and classroom. This research has led to several best-practices for concussion management. Since 2010, the NCAA has mandated that its member institutions maintain concussion management policies and procedures. However, the current recommendations, based primarily on medical research, have been found in quantitative studies of the behaviors and practices of athletic trainers, coaches, and student-athletes to be ineffective. To date, no studies have ...


Hospital Closure And Hospital Choice: How Hospital Quality And Availability Will Affect Rural Residents, Deepak Premkumar, Dave Jones, Peter Orazem 2016 University of California, Berkeley

Hospital Closure And Hospital Choice: How Hospital Quality And Availability Will Affect Rural Residents, Deepak Premkumar, Dave Jones, Peter Orazem

Economics Working Papers

This study estimates a model of rural patient hospital choice between the nearest rural hospital, the nearest urban hospital, or the nearest research hospital. We present separate estimates for inpatient and outpatient visits, for different diagnoses, and for emergency and nonemergency admissions. The analyses illustrate the tradeoffs between hospital quality and distance in deciding whether to choose the nearest hospital or to travel farther for an alternative. The model parameters are used to simulate two hospital closing scenarios for both outpatient and inpatient data: 1) closing 25% of lowest quality rural hospitals and 2) closing 15% of the least used ...


Healthy Native Community Fellowship: An Indigenous Leadership Program To Enhance Community Wellness, Rebecca Rae, Marita Jones, Alexis J. Handal, Marge Bluehorse-Anderson, Shelley Frazier, Kristine Maltrud, Chris Percy, Tina Tso, Frances Varela, Nina Wallerstein 2016 University of New Mexico

Healthy Native Community Fellowship: An Indigenous Leadership Program To Enhance Community Wellness, Rebecca Rae, Marita Jones, Alexis J. Handal, Marge Bluehorse-Anderson, Shelley Frazier, Kristine Maltrud, Chris Percy, Tina Tso, Frances Varela, Nina Wallerstein

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The Healthy Native Communities Fellowship (HNCF) is a grassroots evidence-based mentorship and leadership program that develops the skills and community-building capacities of leaders and community teams to improve health status through several intermediate social and cultural mechanisms: (a) strengthening social participation (also known as social capital or cohesion); (b) strengthening cultural connectedness and revitalization of cultural identity; and (c) advocating for health-enhancing policies, practices, and programs that strengthen systems of prevention and care, as well as address the structural social determinants of health. This leadership program uses a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach and participatory evaluation to investigate how the ...


Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem 2016 Iowa State University

Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem

Peter Orazem

The health consequences of child labor may take time to manifest themselves. This study examines whether children who began working at a young age experience increased incidence of illness or physical disability as adults. When child labor and schooling are treated as chosen without consideration of unobserved abilities or health endowments, child labor appears to have small adverse effects on a wide variety of health measures. Some adverse health consequences such as heart disease or hypertension seem unlikely to be caused by child labor. However, when we allow unobserved health and ability endowments to alter the age of labor market ...


How Will We Heal?, William H. Lane 2016 Gettysburg College

How Will We Heal?, William H. Lane

English Faculty Publications

How will we ever heal from our recent election? Isn't that what many Americans are asking at this point in time? Deadlines being what they have to be in order to keep a lively small town paper on track. I pose these questions while writing on Halloween Eve--appropriately enough given the current state of our politics--without knowing the results of the election. I don't know who won what exactly, but I do know our country lost, having been seriously damaged over the last year and a half by a presidential campaign without precedent in American history, and I ...


Sanitation And Hygiene Deficiencies As Contributing Factors In Contamination Of Imported Foods, Fengxia Dong, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

Sanitation And Hygiene Deficiencies As Contributing Factors In Contamination Of Imported Foods, Fengxia Dong, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

Imports of agricultural products into the United States represent a significant share of many foods consumed in the United States today. Increased income, better transportation, and global food supply chains support vast trade in agricultural products. In 2006, the United States imported more than $64 billion worth of agricultural products. Beverages, tropical products, fruits, and vegetables led the import value (Dohlman and Gehlhar, 2007).


Quantitative Economic Evaluations Of Hiv-Related Prevention And Treatment Services: A Review, David R. Holtgrave, Ronald O. Valdiserri, Gary A. West 2016 University of New Hampshire

Quantitative Economic Evaluations Of Hiv-Related Prevention And Treatment Services: A Review, David R. Holtgrave, Ronald O. Valdiserri, Gary A. West

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Holtgrave and colleagues at the CDC set forth an extensive taxonomy of HIV prevention and treatment services and review reports of efforts to subject some of those services to formal economic evaluation. They find few services thus far to have been so evaluated, no evaluation to have focused solely upon behavioral outcomes and most economic evaluations to lack formal quantitative analyses.


Envisioning Mechanisms For Success: Evaluation Of Ebcd At Cheo, Kristina Rohde, Mireille Brosseau, Diane Gagnon, Jennifer Schellinck, Christine Kouri 2016 Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute

Envisioning Mechanisms For Success: Evaluation Of Ebcd At Cheo, Kristina Rohde, Mireille Brosseau, Diane Gagnon, Jennifer Schellinck, Christine Kouri

Patient Experience Journal

To advance patient engagement (PE) and more comprehensively involve patients, families, and staff in quality improvement (QI) at the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO), the Experience Based Co-Design (EBCD) approach was piloted. Set against the backdrop of envisioning factors that would facilitate success, an evaluation was designed to assess five domains: strengthening of mutual understanding, collaboration, and partnerships between patients/families and staff; a greater involvement of patients, families, and staff in QI; satisfaction with the process; the ability of EBCD to generate clear and useful data to ascertain the patient/family and staff experience; and the ability ...


Patient Advisors: How To Implement A Process For Involvement At All Levels Of Governance In A Healthcare Organization, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Edith Morin, Catherine Neault, Veronique Biron, Lise Houle, Louise Lavigueur, Guy Bouvette, Nicole St-Pierre, Martin Beaumont 2016 University of Montreal

Patient Advisors: How To Implement A Process For Involvement At All Levels Of Governance In A Healthcare Organization, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Edith Morin, Catherine Neault, Veronique Biron, Lise Houle, Louise Lavigueur, Guy Bouvette, Nicole St-Pierre, Martin Beaumont

Patient Experience Journal

Patient involvement at the operational (clinical care and services), tactical (management), and strategic (board of directors and executive management) levels of establishments is increasingly sought after. To address this specific challenge, a Canadian healthcare organization, the Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de la Mauricie-et-du-Centre-du-Québec, has developed an integrated strategy based on three principles: (1) shared leadership between a patient and a manager to build the strategy; (2) a clear process for recruiting, training, and coaching patient advisors (PA) so that they can participate in decision-making at the various levels of governance of the establishment; and (3 ...


Using Patient Value Statements To Develop A Culture Of Patient-Centred Care: A Case Study Of An Ontario, Canada Hospital, Erica Bridge, Madelyn P. Law, Miya Narushima 2016 Brock University

Using Patient Value Statements To Develop A Culture Of Patient-Centred Care: A Case Study Of An Ontario, Canada Hospital, Erica Bridge, Madelyn P. Law, Miya Narushima

Patient Experience Journal

Patient-centred care (PCC) is not a new concept; however, in recent years it has garnered increasing attention in the research literature and clinical practice. PCC in clinical practice has been found to improve clinical outcomes, resource allocation, and the patient experience. In response to the need for PCC and quality in healthcare, the Ontario, Canada government developed the Excellent Care for All Act (ECFAA) in 2010. The ECFAA imposes six obligations to Ontario hospitals, one of which is developing and publishing a Patient Declaration of Values (PDoV). The purpose of this study was to explore how a leading patient-centred Ontario ...


Improving The Patient Experience Through A Commit To Sit Service Excellence Initiative, Cari D. Lidgett 2016 Texas Christian University Doctorate of Nursing Practice Student

Improving The Patient Experience Through A Commit To Sit Service Excellence Initiative, Cari D. Lidgett

Patient Experience Journal

Effective communication between nurses and patients positively impacts patient care, outcomes, and the patient experience. While in the hospital, patients receive information from multiple caregivers and are often overwhelmed and confused. Nurses make up the majority of interactions with patients and are in an ideal position to improve the patient experience from the front lines. The purpose of implementing the Commit to Sit service excellence initiative was to positively impact the patient’s perception of nurse communication by nurses sitting with their patients during each shift. Outcomes were measured by the overall nurse communication composite on the Press Ganey survey ...


Beyond Patient-Centered Care: Enhancing The Patient Experience In Mental Health Services Through Patient-Perspective Care, Timothy A. Carey Prof 2016 Flinders University

Beyond Patient-Centered Care: Enhancing The Patient Experience In Mental Health Services Through Patient-Perspective Care, Timothy A. Carey Prof

Patient Experience Journal

Delivering mental health services as patient-centered care has been an international priority for more than 50 years. Despite its longevity there is still not widespread agreement regarding how it should be defined or how it should guide the delivery of services. Generally, though, prioritizing the patient’s values and preferences seem to be at the core of this particular approach. It is not clear, however, that services attend to patient values and preferences as closely as they should. Terms such as “treatment resistant” and “noncompliant” seem to belie an attitude where the therapist’s opinion is privileged rather than the ...


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