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Measuring The Impact Of The Affordable Care Act Medicaid Expansion On Access To Primary Care Using An Interrupted Time Series Approach, Elizabeth A. Brown, Brandi M. White, Walter J. Jones, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Kit N. Simpson 2021 Medical University of South Carolina

Measuring The Impact Of The Affordable Care Act Medicaid Expansion On Access To Primary Care Using An Interrupted Time Series Approach, Elizabeth A. Brown, Brandi M. White, Walter J. Jones, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Kit N. Simpson

Health and Clinical Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, commonly referred to as the Affordable Care Act (ACA), was created to increase access to primary care, improve quality of care, and decrease healthcare costs. A key provision in the law that mandated expansion of state Medicaid programme changed when states were given the option to voluntarily expand Medicaid. Our study sought to measure the impact of ACA Medicaid expansion on preventable hospitalization (PH) rates, a measure of access to primary care.

METHODS: We performed an interrupted time series analysis of quarterly hospitalization rates across eight states from 2012 to ...


Small-Family Mindset: An Analysis Of The Impact Of China's Family Planning Policies On Family Culture, Sarah Ansley Croft 2021 University of Mississippi

Small-Family Mindset: An Analysis Of The Impact Of China's Family Planning Policies On Family Culture, Sarah Ansley Croft

Honors Theses

This thesis examines the impact of China’s family planning policies on women’s attitudes towards family culture and the implications on China today. The family planning policies began in the 1970s as an emergency measure intended to create a short-term voluntary small-family culture by decreasing fertility rates. My research, comprised primarily of primary and secondary qualitative sources, discusses the development and implementation of the policies, the economic reforms beginning in the 1980s, and their joint effects on fertility rates, sex ratio at birth, women’s liberation, and changes in family culture, particularly in rural areas. This study found that ...


Mental Illness Economics In The United States: A Comparison With Foreign Countries, Christopher Odum 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Mental Illness Economics In The United States: A Comparison With Foreign Countries, Christopher Odum

Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2018, suicide was the tenth leading cause of death in the United States, claiming the lives of over forty-eight thousand people.1 Globally, eight-hundred thousand people die from suicide every year, which is twice the number from homicide.2 For years, there has been a stigma around mental illness causing it to be a taboo topic, but recently there has been more of a focus and acceptance in our society. Along with the stigma, throughout most of history there has not been a focus on innovating and curing mental health diseases. In many cases, these diseases left unchecked lead ...


Marketing To Food Insecure College Students: An Investigation Into The University Of Mississippi’S Food Pantry, Dandridge Parks 2021 University of Mississippi

Marketing To Food Insecure College Students: An Investigation Into The University Of Mississippi’S Food Pantry, Dandridge Parks

Honors Theses

College students are documented to suffer food insecurity at a high rate, and student-run food pantries have aimed to alleviate some of this burden. However, these pantries operate inefficiently and struggle to adequately meet student needs. In particular, many students are unaware of the pantry or have barriers to use. Research has found that only 14% of food insecure college students use their campus food pantries. The objective of the following work is to improve future marketing for campus run food pantries, with a specific focus on the University of Mississippi’s pantry.

In the last year, the University of ...


Increasing Mississippi’S Hpv Vaccination Rate: A Proposal Based On Providers’ Insights, Madison N. Thornton 2021 University of Mississippi

Increasing Mississippi’S Hpv Vaccination Rate: A Proposal Based On Providers’ Insights, Madison N. Thornton

Honors Theses

Despite high childhood vaccination rates for required vaccinations for kindergarten, including the MMR vaccine, Mississippi has the lowest HPV vaccination rate in the nation. This is so even though the HPV vaccine can prevent multiple cancers, including cervical cancer, of which Mississippi has the nation’s highest mortality rate. This study seeks to understand the factors surrounding Mississippi’s low HPV vaccination rate as well as potential policy solutions to increase this rate. To accomplish this, the author conducted interviews with 13 Mississippi physicians in various specialties to gather qualitative data. As a result of these interviews, the author found ...


Testing Of Patients First In A Real-World Setting, As A Patient Experience Accreditation Tool For Hospitals And Clinics, Carlos Bezos, Rosa M. Salazar, María Caballero 2021 Instituto paraa la Experiencia del Paciente

Testing Of Patients First In A Real-World Setting, As A Patient Experience Accreditation Tool For Hospitals And Clinics, Carlos Bezos, Rosa M. Salazar, María Caballero

Patient Experience Journal

Many healthcare providers are developing patient experience strategies and investing in this area. Yet, patients have no means to know if a hospital is following proper patient experience standards. For this reason, it is important to certify that hospitals and clinics follow own a patient experience policy and apply patient experience standards. This is the reason why the accreditation Patients First was developed. The goal of this study is to test the accreditations’ feasibility in a real-life environment. The accreditation was tested at the Guadarrama Hospital, nearby Madrid in Spain. A mixed team between Guadarrama staff and the Institute for ...


Patient And Provider Perspectives Regarding Criteria For Patient Prioritization In Two Specialized Rehabilitation Programs, Julien Déry, Angel Ruiz, François Routhier, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, André Côté, Daoud Ait-Kadi, Valérie Bélanger, Marie-Eve Lamontagne 2021 Université Laval

Patient And Provider Perspectives Regarding Criteria For Patient Prioritization In Two Specialized Rehabilitation Programs, Julien Déry, Angel Ruiz, François Routhier, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, André Côté, Daoud Ait-Kadi, Valérie Bélanger, Marie-Eve Lamontagne

Patient Experience Journal

To increase fairness and equity in access to rehabilitation services, a strategy emerging from the literature is patient prioritization. Selecting explicit prioritization criteria is a complex task because it is important to simultaneously consider the objectives of all stakeholders. The of this study was to compare service users’ and service providers’ perspectives regarding patient prioritization criteria in two rehabilitation programs. We conducted a multiple case study in two rehabilitation programs, i.e., a driving evaluation program and a compression garment manufacturing program. We sent a web-based survey asking two groups (patients and providers) to individually produce a set of criteria ...


Exploring Mental Health Experience In Individuals Living With Temporomandibular Disorders, Wafaa Safour, Richard Hovey 2021 Mcgill University / Sebha University

Exploring Mental Health Experience In Individuals Living With Temporomandibular Disorders, Wafaa Safour, Richard Hovey

Patient Experience Journal

Despite the evidence supporting deteriorating mental health because of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) conditions, there is limited evidence of TMD patients' experience regarding how their mental health is affected by the disorders. As a sequence of these conditions, TMD patients suffer from physical and mental complications, not to mention the loss of food enjoyment. In this study, we aim to explore TMD patients' lived experiences who had changed their dietary habits concerning their mental health. Six participants were interviewed to answer open-ended questions during semi-structured interviews regarding their mental health experiences with TMD-related food routine changes. These interviews were held face-to-face ...


Co-Production Of The Quality Of Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Partnerships Instrument For People With Mental Health Conditions, Karen L. Fortuna, Amanda Myers, Jessica Brooks, Caroline Collins-Pisano, Skyla Marceau, Sarah Pratt, Kathy Lyons, Robert Walker, Shavon Thompson, Kaycie Greene, Willie Pringle, Katina Carter 2021 Dartmouth College

Co-Production Of The Quality Of Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Partnerships Instrument For People With Mental Health Conditions, Karen L. Fortuna, Amanda Myers, Jessica Brooks, Caroline Collins-Pisano, Skyla Marceau, Sarah Pratt, Kathy Lyons, Robert Walker, Shavon Thompson, Kaycie Greene, Willie Pringle, Katina Carter

Patient Experience Journal

Mounting scientific evidence over the past decades in the field of psychiatry has shown community engagement in research produces more relevant research, increased uptake of research findings, and better clinical outcomes. Despite the need for the integration of community engagement methodologies into the scientific method, doctoral and master's level competencies in the field of psychiatry commonly do not include dedicated training or coursework on community engagement methodologies. Without appropriate training or research experience, attempts to facilitate community engagement are often ineffective and burdensome and leave stakeholders feeling disenfranchised. The goal of this study was to co-produce an instrument designed ...


The Experiences Of Rural British Columbians Accessing Surgical And Obstetrical Care, Aria Jazdarehee, Anshu Parajulee, Jude Kornelsen 2021 University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine

The Experiences Of Rural British Columbians Accessing Surgical And Obstetrical Care, Aria Jazdarehee, Anshu Parajulee, Jude Kornelsen

Patient Experience Journal

The attrition of small volume surgical and maternity services in rural Canada over the past three decades has made access to these services especially challenging for rural citizens. While many of these closures have occurred as consequences of regionalization, a strategy to regionally centralize healthcare services, many studies investigating outcomes of regionalization have focused on costs and medical endpoints rather than the direct experiences of the rural patients affected. In this study, we aimed to understand and document the experiences of rural residents accessing procedural and maternity care both locally and away from home. This study is part of a ...


Needle Phobia: How To Improve The Child's Experience During Blood Drawing, Maria D. Navarro, Helena Illera, Bonaventura Ruíz, Montserrat Naudó, Núria Serrallonga, Sonia Tordera, David Kornmehl, Lola Crevillén, Ana Bosque, David Nadal, Mercedes Jabalera 2021 Sant Joan de Déu Children's Hospital, Barcelona, Spain

Needle Phobia: How To Improve The Child's Experience During Blood Drawing, Maria D. Navarro, Helena Illera, Bonaventura Ruíz, Montserrat Naudó, Núria Serrallonga, Sonia Tordera, David Kornmehl, Lola Crevillén, Ana Bosque, David Nadal, Mercedes Jabalera

Patient Experience Journal

Pediatric diseases, pain and hospitalization have an important impact on children and their families. This is especially significant when considering common invasive procedures, such as blood drawing. The objectives of the study were to assess the experience of children and families during the blood drawing procedure and suggest methods for improvement. The study was conducted in a children’s hospital in Barcelona, Spain, between 2018 and 2020. A mix-method design or combination of qualitative and quantitative methodologies was developed. We carried out a search of the literature, a design thinking approach, and a survey. Results from the qualitative approach identified ...


Surveying Pediatric Caregivers’ Readiness For Dyad Isolation In The Hospital During Covid-19, Shanqing Yin, Mei Zi Quek, Celestine Mun Ting Yeo, Sylvia Mun, Ronghui Li, Derrick Chan 2021 KK Women's & Children's Hospital

Surveying Pediatric Caregivers’ Readiness For Dyad Isolation In The Hospital During Covid-19, Shanqing Yin, Mei Zi Quek, Celestine Mun Ting Yeo, Sylvia Mun, Ronghui Li, Derrick Chan

Patient Experience Journal

The onset of any emerging outbreak is stressful for everyone. Singapore was one of many countries affected early by COVID-19. In response, many precautionary measures were quickly initiated, including the isolation of suspected COVID-19 pediatric cases, and their caregivers were isolated together with their hospitalized children as a result. Caregivers play an important role in facilitating their child’s health in the hospital. Rooming in with their children during hospitalization promotes the benefits of parental presence and reduces separation effects. However, sudden admission with strict movement restrictions poses stress to these caregivers too. This study ran a 3-part paper-based survey ...


Patients’ And Family Caregivers’ Perceptions Of Doctor-To-Doctor Advice And Electronic Referral Notifications In Alberta, Yong Li, Annabelle Wong 2021 Alberta Health Services, Calgary

Patients’ And Family Caregivers’ Perceptions Of Doctor-To-Doctor Advice And Electronic Referral Notifications In Alberta, Yong Li, Annabelle Wong

Patient Experience Journal

Effective communication between health professionals and patients is essential to patient safety and quality care. Primary care providers seeking specialist advice to manage patients’ conditions in the community has recently been adopted to improve timely access to specialty care and increase the efficacy of the referral process. To understand patients’ and family caregivers’ perceptions on doctor-to-doctor advice for non-urgent clinical questions and electronic referral communications with patients in Alberta, a mixed method online survey was conducted by Alberta Health Services’ Access Improvement team. A total of 1,422 patients and family caregivers living in Alberta were included in the quantitative ...


The Association Between An Established Chief Experience Officer Role And Hospital Patient Experience Scores, William Breen, Seongwon Choi, Kristina "Ria" Hearld, Stephen J. O'Connor, Edward Rafalski, Nancy Borkowski 2021 Honeycomb Management Services, LLC

The Association Between An Established Chief Experience Officer Role And Hospital Patient Experience Scores, William Breen, Seongwon Choi, Kristina "Ria" Hearld, Stephen J. O'Connor, Edward Rafalski, Nancy Borkowski

Patient Experience Journal

The healthcare industry is currently reacting to multiple stakeholders demanding improvements to the patient experience. Some healthcare organizations are implementing new management structures, i.e., the role of Chief Experience Officer (CXO). This study statistically reviewed descriptors associated with hospitals that have and have not created and filled the role of CXO and, more importantly, measured the association between the CXO role and results of patients’ perceptions of their experience of care as measured by publicly reported Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) results. This study was conducted utilizing data gather on hospitals in three states, California ...


Safety Participation At The Direct Care Level: Results Of A Patient Questionnaire, Lenora Duhn, Nathaniel Gumapac, Jennifer Medves 2021 Queen's University

Safety Participation At The Direct Care Level: Results Of A Patient Questionnaire, Lenora Duhn, Nathaniel Gumapac, Jennifer Medves

Patient Experience Journal

Understanding how patients can be engaged in safety-related activities at the direct care level is of current relevance given global efforts to reduce harm in hospitals. As part of a multiphase study, including a descriptive, exploratory qualitative study (Duhn & Medves, 2018), patients were asked to respond to a brief questionnaire to quantify how they viewed their patient-reported safety participation behaviours while in hospital. This paper is a summary of those responses. The 8-item questionnaire was, in part, used to help address a secondary research question of the larger qualitative study, specifically: What behaviours do patients report in promoting their safety while receiving care in hospital? Patients completed the questionnaire at the end of the face-to-face in-hospital interviews. Twenty-eight adult inpatients completed the questionnaire. Fifteen participants indicated that they ‘always’ or ‘usually’ checked their hospital medications; this was the second lowest rated activity. Most participants (n=20) believed they could rely on their knowledge and alertness to protect them from health-care error. Seventeen participants were in the high participation category. Given the prevalence of medication errors, patient involvement warrants further examination, including system supports to increase feasibility. Overall, a standardized, valid and reliable patient engagement in safety ...


An Evidence-Based Tool (Pe For Ps) For Healthcare Managers To Assess Patient Engagement For Patient Safety In Healthcare Organizations, Ursulla Aho-Glele, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Maiana Regina Gomes de Sousa, Khayreddine Bouabida 2021 University of Montreal

An Evidence-Based Tool (Pe For Ps) For Healthcare Managers To Assess Patient Engagement For Patient Safety In Healthcare Organizations, Ursulla Aho-Glele, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Maiana Regina Gomes De Sousa, Khayreddine Bouabida

Patient Experience Journal

In 1999, the Institute of Medicine had already warned that medical errors caused between 44,000 and 98,000 avoidable deaths per year in the United States. A similar situation was subsequently in 2000, documented in Canadian hospitals. According to a Canadian Patient Safety Institute report (2016), incidents in both acute and home care settings resulted in additional costs of $2.75 billion each year. Research suggests that Patient Engagement (PE) for Patient Safety (PS) can help address this issue. However, the use of PE in various strategies to promote PS has yet to be fully integrated across healthcare systems ...


No Visitors Allowed: How Health Systems Can Better Engage Patients’ Families During A Pandemic, Jennifer Schlimgen, Amy Frye 2021 Kahler Slater

No Visitors Allowed: How Health Systems Can Better Engage Patients’ Families During A Pandemic, Jennifer Schlimgen, Amy Frye

Patient Experience Journal

The ravages of COVID -19 and the no visitor policies that accompany it have forged a tectonic shift in the patient and family experience. This hit home for me with a recent family member health event and hospitalization, leading me to think “we HAVE to do better!” Why should hospitals and health systems care about family involvement during COVID-19?

Experience Framework

This article is associated with the Patient, Family & Community Engagement lens of The Beryl Institute Experience Framework (https://www.theberylinstitute.org/ExperienceFramework).


The Paradoxical Injunctions Of Partnership In Care: Patient Engagement And Partnership Between Issues And Challenges, Khayreddine Bouabida, Marie-Pascale Pomey, genevieve Cyr, Ursulla Aho-Glele, Breitner Gomes Chaves 2021 University of Montreal

The Paradoxical Injunctions Of Partnership In Care: Patient Engagement And Partnership Between Issues And Challenges, Khayreddine Bouabida, Marie-Pascale Pomey, Genevieve Cyr, Ursulla Aho-Glele, Breitner Gomes Chaves

Patient Experience Journal

Partnership in care and patient engagement is an expanding approach and tremendously promising for improving the quality of healthcare services. However, the approach could be subject to many issues and challenges of various kinds. In this paper, we develop a reflection of the challenges and issues that the approach of patient engagement and partnership in care is facing. After a brief presentation of certain key concepts of partnership in care and patient engagement, we discuss in this paper the most worthy of consideration issues that we identified and classified as follows: Political, Financial, Organizational, Clinical, and Ethical Issues. We then ...


Gravely Disabled: The Vestigial Prong Of 5150 Designations, Diane Y. Byun 2021 Cleveland State University

Gravely Disabled: The Vestigial Prong Of 5150 Designations, Diane Y. Byun

Journal of Law and Health

Effective July 1, 1972, California’s Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (“LPS Act”) set the precedent for modern mental health commitment procedures in the U.S. named after its authors, State Assemblyman Frank Lanterman and State Senators Nicholas C. Petris and Alan Short, the LPS Act sought to “end the inappropriate, indefinite, and involuntary commitment of persons with mental health disorder”; to “provide prompt evaluation and treatment of persons with mental health disorders or impaired by chronic alcoholism”; and to “guarantee and protect public safety.” Despite citing to these articles of intent, the LPS Act violates its own legislative intent through its inclusion ...


Measuring Food Consumption Within A Foodrx Program, Katie Howell 2021 University of Mississippi

Measuring Food Consumption Within A Foodrx Program, Katie Howell

Honors Theses

This pilot study set out to assess food consumption measures within the Charleston FoodRx program. Assessments made through this investigation aim to improve the Charleston program as well as provide suggestions for future programs. Charleston FoodRx provides enrolled households with fruits and vegetables in a supply intended to last for two weeks. These goals combine social and pharmaceutical science, by addressing barriers in food environment and insecurity, nutritional health, and preventative treatment. Though the idea behind FoodRx has existed prior to recent pilot programs, research behind FoodRx and its possible integration within the healthcare system lack published and replicable research ...


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