Who Bears The Economic Costs Of Environmental Regulations?, 2017 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Who Bears The Economic Costs Of Environmental Regulations?, Don Fullerton, Erich Muehlegger
Rural Waste Management Issues At Global Level (Introductory Chapter), 2017 "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University
Rural Waste Management Issues At Global Level (Introductory Chapter), Florin C. Mihai, Mohammad J. Taherzadeh
Florin C MIHAI
Trends In The Environmental Health Job Market For New Graduates, 2017 Eastern Kentucky University
Trends In The Environmental Health Job Market For New Graduates, Jason W. Marion, Timothy J. Murphy Phd, Anne Marie Zimeri Phd
EKU Faculty and Staff Scholarship
The question of whether the job market can support future graduates of environmental health programs remains an important and difficult question for environmental health programs, current and prospective students, parents, and other stakeholders. Our previous report using 2014 data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics demonstrated anticipated growth and higher than average pay in the profession through at least 2022 for baccalaureate degree holders (Marion & Sinde, 2015). Growth in the profession does not necessarily translate into job availability if the market is saturated with job candidates. While university programs produce graduates, local health departments (LHDs) have suffered tremendous ...
Benefits Of Reduced Meat Consumption In The U.S.: Cost-Benefit Analysis Of An Increase In Plant-Based Diets, 2017 University of Rhode Island
Benefits Of Reduced Meat Consumption In The U.S.: Cost-Benefit Analysis Of An Increase In Plant-Based Diets, Rebecca Zahora
Senior Honors Projects
How sustainable is our food system? An investigation of diet choices and their environmental impacts
Food is often thought of as a commodity, when fundamentally it is our nourishment and foundation of life. In the United States, it appears as if we have a functional food system, but in reality what we have is an unsustainable system of industrialized agriculture perpetuated by a disproportionate allocation of resources. Current consumer behavior within our food system is detrimental to future environmental and human well being, ultimately exacerbating the timing and magnitude of global climate change.
With negative impacts of climate change looming ...
Exploring The Contributions Of Local Health Departments In Land Use And Transportation Policy: Implications For Cross-Sector Collaboration, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Exploring The Contributions Of Local Health Departments In Land Use And Transportation Policy: Implications For Cross-Sector Collaboration, Meera Sreedhara, Karin V. Goins, Semra Aytur, Katie Heinrich, Jay Maddock, Stephenie C. Lemon
Stephenie C. Lemon
Introduction: Transportation and land use policies can impact physical activity. Local health departments (LHDs) are encouraged to participate in land use and transportation policy processes, which are outside their traditional expertise. Cross-sector collaborations are needed, yet stakeholders’ perceptions of LHD involvement are not well-understood. This paper explores (1) the perceived value of LHD participation in transportation and land use decision-making and (2) potential contributions of LHDs to these processes among relevant stakeholders.
Methods: Qualitative data were analysed from 49 semi-structured interviews conducted in 2015 and 2016. Participants were professionals representing land use planning (n=13), transportation/public works (n=11 ...
The Epa's Air Quality Index, And Public Transportation Usage In The Chicago Metro Region, Nicholas R. Rosenberg
Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby
This paper assesses whether air quality influences public transportation ridership in the city of Chicago. Urban air pollution is a serious health risk, and a priority of urban municipalities. Public transportation is an attractive option for governments attempting to curb urban air emissions. I use data from the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) and the EPA’s Air Quality Index (AQI) to explore the relationship between a day’s air quality and CTA ridership. I employ three different model specifications, rail, bus and total ridership, to test whether high AQI values (poor air quality) result in increased public transportation ridership in ...
Alternative Intertemporal Permit Trading Regimes With Stochastic Abatement Costs, 2017 Iowa State University
Alternative Intertemporal Permit Trading Regimes With Stochastic Abatement Costs, Hongli Feng, Jinhua Zhao
We examine the social efficiency of alternative intertemporal permit trading regimes. Banking with a 1-to-1 ratio and with a non-unitary intertemporal trading ratio (ITR) are compared with each other and with the no-banking permit trading regime. The more industry-wide shocks vary, and/or the more they are negatively correlated across time, the more efficient is a bankable permit regime. When the slope of the benefit function is greater than the slope of the damage function, banking with ITR=1+r is more efficient than a no-banking regime. Banking with ITR=1 can be more efficient than a no-banking regime. However ...
Green Payments And Dual Policy Goals, 2017 Iowa State University
Green Payments And Dual Policy Goals, Hongli Feng
We use a mechanism design framework to analyze the optimal design of green payment policies with the dual goals of conservation and income support for small farms. Each farm is characterized by two dimensions of attributes: farm size and conservation efficiency. Policymakers may not be able to use the attributes as an explicit criterion for payments. We characterize optimal policy when conservation efficiency is unobservable to policymakers, and when farm size is also unobservable. An income support goal is shown to reduce the conservation distortion caused by asymmetric information. The cost of optimal green payment mechanisms is shown to depend ...
The Conservation Reserve Program In The Presence Of A Working Land Alternative: Implications For Environmental Quality, Program Participation, And Income Transfer, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Silvia Secchi, Philip W. Gassman
The United States has invested large sums of resources in multiple conservation programs for agriculture over the past century. In this paper we focus on the impacts of program interactions. Specifically, using an integrated economic and bio-physical modeling framework, we consider the impacts of the presence of working land programs on a land retirement for an important agricultural region—the Upper Mississippi River Basin (UMRB). Compared to a land retirement only program, we find that the presence of a working land program for conservation tillage results in significantly lower predicted signups for land retirement at a given rental rate. We ...
Conservation Payments: Challenges In Design And Implementation, 2017 Iowa State University
Conservation Payments: Challenges In Design And Implementation, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Michael D. Duffy, Hongli Feng, Brent M. Hueth, Catherine L. Kling, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Uwe A. Schneider, Silvia Secchi, Quinn Weninger, Jinhua Zhao
As Congress develops new farm legislation, some are lobbying for a new partnership between U.S. taxpayers and farmers. In exchange for an annual transfer of $10 to $20billion from taxpayers to agriculture, farmers would do much more to enhance environmental quality. An attractive feature of a new partnership is that paying for an improved environment provides a clear and justifiable rationale for farm program payments, something that is lacking under current farm programs. By changing management practices and land use, farmers can provide cleaner water, cleaner air, better wildlife habitat, lower net greenhouse gas emissions, and improved long-run soil ...
Characterizing And Comprehending Land Use Change In The Loess Hills Region, 2017 Iowa State University
Characterizing And Comprehending Land Use Change In The Loess Hills Region, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, Hongli Feng, David A. Hennessy
Regional land use change has important implications for ecosystems and the local human population. Metropolitan areas (MAs) are placing increasing emphasis on amenities and the environment when seeking to attract high income workers and their employers. Our interest is in characterizing land use change in Iowa’s Loess Hills Ecoregion (ILHE) that skirts both Sioux City and Council Bluffs MAs. ILHE is a distinctive landform of silty soils up to 200 feet high that were wind deposited just east of the Missouri River floodplain. Covering about 0.7 million acres, the Loess hills stretch north about 200 miles (usually no ...
Land Use Change And Policy In Iowa’S Loess Hills, 2017 Iowa State University
Land Use Change And Policy In Iowa’S Loess Hills, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, David A. Hennessy, Hongli Feng
We consider land use change in Iowa’s Loess Hills, which contain much of the state’s remaining prairie grassland. Although crop production has expanded on the landform since 2005, much of this expansion has been from soybean into corn with a clear trend toward more intensive corn rotations. Forest land has expanded in the area while we do not find evidence of extensive conversion to development. Data indicate that crop production has moved away from more heavily sloped land, but the increase in cropping does not appear to be occurring on land with high crop productivity.
Subsidies! The Other Incentive-Based Instrument: The Case Of The Conservation Reserve Program, 2017 Iowa State University
Subsidies! The Other Incentive-Based Instrument: The Case Of The Conservation Reserve Program, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Silvia Secchi
In this paper, we examine command-and-control (CAC) policies and market-based instruments (MBI) in the context of the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The CRP, an MBI in the form of subsidies, is by far the largest agro-environmental policy implemented to date. We compare the environmental performance of the CRP as implemented to a few counterfactual CAC polices using EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate), a bio-physical simulation model. In the context of multiple environmental indicators, no policy alternative emerges as a clear winner. The importance of the choice and design of CAC policies is emphasized.
Assessing And Mitigating The Environmental Impacts Of Shipping In The Arctic, 2017 World Maritime University
Assessing And Mitigating The Environmental Impacts Of Shipping In The Arctic, Lilitha Pongolini, Jonas Pålsson, Jennie Folkunger, Jennie Larsson, Anne Bouyssou, Lawrence Hildebrand, Neil Bellefontaine
Assessing and mitigating the environmental impacts of shipping in the Arctic
Report by World Maritime University for the Total Foundation project "Assessing and mitigating the environmental impacts of shipping in the Arctic - Focus on the introduction of invasive species and pathogens".
Economic Evaluation Of Coastal Land Loss In Louisiana, 2017 Louisiana State University
Economic Evaluation Of Coastal Land Loss In Louisiana, Stephen R. Barnes, Craig Bond, Nicholas Burger, Kate Anania, Aaron Strong, Sarah Weilant, Stephanie Virgets
Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
Louisiana has lost approximately 1,880 square miles of land over the past eighty years. Projections suggest that in a future without action, the next fifty years could result in the loss of 1,750 additional square miles of land area. As land loss continues, a large portion of the natural and man-made capital stocks of coastal Louisiana will be at greater risk of damage, either from land loss or from the associated increase in storm damage. We estimate the replacement cost of capital stock directly at risk from land loss ranges from approximately $2.1 billion to $3.5 ...
The Market Transfer Effect In The Hawaiian Longline Fishery: Why Correlation Does Not Imply Causation, 2017 Middlebury Institute of International Studies
The Market Transfer Effect In The Hawaiian Longline Fishery: Why Correlation Does Not Imply Causation, Jason D. Scorse, Shaun Richards, Philip King
Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
A lot of discussion and controversy has surrounded whether the “market transfer” effect in the Hawaii longline swordfish fishery occurred during the swordfish closure of 2001-2004, because of its potential impacts on sea turtle mortality. The primary academic work in support of the market transfer effect during the closure is a paper by Rausser et al. (2009): “Unintended Consequences: The Spillover Effects of Common Property Regulations.” In this paper, the authors claim to find evidence in support of the market transfer hypothesis.To our knowledge, no analysis has yet been undertaken to assess whether this analysis is sound, and yet ...
Considerations Of Socio-Economic Input, Related Challenges And Recommendations For Ecosystem-Based Maritime Spatial Planning: A Review, 2017 Independent researcher and consultant
Considerations Of Socio-Economic Input, Related Challenges And Recommendations For Ecosystem-Based Maritime Spatial Planning: A Review, Mavra Stithou
Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
Socio-economics in an ecosystem-based Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) process cover a wide range from specifying socio-economic objectives, respective indicators, organising stakeholder engagement, to data, methods and tools (e.g., environmental valuation and cost-benefit analysis) for example to identify issues, assess ecosystem services, provide an insight on human behaviour and compare alternative marine plans with potentially competing goals. In addition, social principles such as that of social equity have an important role to play in achieving sustainability in marine management. However, the use of socio-economics in making the ecosystem-based MSP framework operational, poses certain challenges to researchers, regulators and policy-makers. The ...
Reversing Inequality, Combatting Climate Change: A Climate Jobs Program For New York State, 2017 Occidental College
Reversing Inequality, Combatting Climate Change: A Climate Jobs Program For New York State, J. Mijin Cha, Lara Skinner
Research Studies and Reports
[Excerpt] Economic inequality in New York is rising. Currently, the state has the second highest level of economic inequality in the country. Unequal job growth across the state and stagnant wages in several sectors are two of the main contributors to rising inequality. While the state overall has seen several years of employment growth, there are stronger employment gains in New York City than in other parts of the state still suffering from job losses and stagnant employment levels. Additionally, in many sectors, such as construction and manufacturing, wages are not increasing at the same pace as inflation, leaving many ...
Chinese Industrialization & Subsequent Environmental Degradation, 2017 Dickinson College
Chinese Industrialization & Subsequent Environmental Degradation, Courtney Wojcik
Student Honors Theses By Year
China has risen from the subject of Western neo-colonialism to a rising hegemon that is beginning to buck the U.S.’s monopoly of the Asia-Pacific arena. Traditionally, Chinese society spurned the economic elite, Confucian-era businessmen made up the lowest social class. This view promoted by Mao Zedong, who stripped property holders of their assets to transition to a state-led economic system and led the country straight into a severe economic depression. It was only after the reform and opening policies of Deng Xiaoping, that China was able to recognize its economic potential. Since these policies were enacted, China’s ...
Examining The Effects Of Policy Interventions On Increasing Electric Vehicle Adoption In California, 2017 University of San Francisco
Examining The Effects Of Policy Interventions On Increasing Electric Vehicle Adoption In California, Ethan G. Mcdermott
Master's Projects and Capstones
Any significant effort to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gasses must address the growing concern of the transportation sector’s inability to meaningfully reduce its emissions contribution. A major shift in the primary fuel used in the sector away from petroleum-based fuel to electricity is one potential way the sector can lower its emissions and transition into a sustainable future. However, a number of barriers face the electric vehicle market, including competing against an already mature vehicle market, battling consumer preferences, and overcoming technical challenges. This paper examines several policy proposals to combat these barriers and examines the impact similar ...