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Exploring The Contributions Of Local Health Departments In Land Use And Transportation Policy: Implications For Cross-Sector Collaboration, Meera Sreedhara, Karin V. Goins, Semra Aytur, Katie Heinrich, Jay Maddock, Stephenie C. Lemon 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Exploring The Contributions Of Local Health Departments In Land Use And Transportation Policy: Implications For Cross-Sector Collaboration, Meera Sreedhara, Karin V. Goins, Semra Aytur, Katie Heinrich, Jay Maddock, Stephenie C. Lemon

Stephenie C. Lemon

Introduction: Transportation and land use policies can impact physical activity. Local health departments (LHDs) are encouraged to participate in land use and transportation policy processes, which are outside their traditional expertise. Cross-sector collaborations are needed, yet stakeholders’ perceptions of LHD involvement are not well-understood. This paper explores (1) the perceived value of LHD participation in transportation and land use decision-making and (2) potential contributions of LHDs to these processes among relevant stakeholders.

Methods: Qualitative data were analysed from 49 semi-structured interviews conducted in 2015 and 2016. Participants were professionals representing land use planning (n=13), transportation/public works (n=11 ...


The Epa's Air Quality Index, And Public Transportation Usage In The Chicago Metro Region, Nicholas R. Rosenberg 2017 Colby College

The Epa's Air Quality Index, And Public Transportation Usage In The Chicago Metro Region, Nicholas R. Rosenberg

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

This paper assesses whether air quality influences public transportation ridership in the city of Chicago. Urban air pollution is a serious health risk, and a priority of urban municipalities. Public transportation is an attractive option for governments attempting to curb urban air emissions. I use data from the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) and the EPA’s Air Quality Index (AQI) to explore the relationship between a day’s air quality and CTA ridership. I employ three different model specifications, rail, bus and total ridership, to test whether high AQI values (poor air quality) result in increased public transportation ridership in ...


Alternative Intertemporal Permit Trading Regimes With Stochastic Abatement Costs, Hongli Feng, Jinhua Zhao 2017 Iowa State University

Alternative Intertemporal Permit Trading Regimes With Stochastic Abatement Costs, Hongli Feng, Jinhua Zhao

Hongli Feng

We examine the social efficiency of alternative intertemporal permit trading regimes. Banking with a 1-to-1 ratio and with a non-unitary intertemporal trading ratio (ITR) are compared with each other and with the no-banking permit trading regime. The more industry-wide shocks vary, and/or the more they are negatively correlated across time, the more efficient is a bankable permit regime. When the slope of the benefit function is greater than the slope of the damage function, banking with ITR=1+r is more efficient than a no-banking regime. Banking with ITR=1 can be more efficient than a no-banking regime. However ...


Green Payments And Dual Policy Goals, Hongli Feng 2017 Iowa State University

Green Payments And Dual Policy Goals, Hongli Feng

Hongli Feng

We use a mechanism design framework to analyze the optimal design of green payment policies with the dual goals of conservation and income support for small farms. Each farm is characterized by two dimensions of attributes: farm size and conservation efficiency. Policymakers may not be able to use the attributes as an explicit criterion for payments. We characterize optimal policy when conservation efficiency is unobservable to policymakers, and when farm size is also unobservable. An income support goal is shown to reduce the conservation distortion caused by asymmetric information. The cost of optimal green payment mechanisms is shown to depend ...


The Conservation Reserve Program In The Presence Of A Working Land Alternative: Implications For Environmental Quality, Program Participation, And Income Transfer, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Silvia Secchi, Philip W. Gassman 2017 Iowa State University

The Conservation Reserve Program In The Presence Of A Working Land Alternative: Implications For Environmental Quality, Program Participation, And Income Transfer, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Silvia Secchi, Philip W. Gassman

Hongli Feng

The United States has invested large sums of resources in multiple conservation programs for agriculture over the past century. In this paper we focus on the impacts of program interactions. Specifically, using an integrated economic and bio-physical modeling framework, we consider the impacts of the presence of working land programs on a land retirement for an important agricultural region—the Upper Mississippi River Basin (UMRB). Compared to a land retirement only program, we find that the presence of a working land program for conservation tillage results in significantly lower predicted signups for land retirement at a given rental rate. We ...


Conservation Payments: Challenges In Design And Implementation, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Michael D. Duffy, Hongli Feng, Brent M. Hueth, Catherine L. Kling, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Uwe A. Schneider, Silvia Secchi, Quinn Weninger, Jinhua Zhao 2017 Iowa State University

Conservation Payments: Challenges In Design And Implementation, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Michael D. Duffy, Hongli Feng, Brent M. Hueth, Catherine L. Kling, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Uwe A. Schneider, Silvia Secchi, Quinn Weninger, Jinhua Zhao

Hongli Feng

As Congress develops new farm legislation, some are lobbying for a new partnership between U.S. taxpayers and farmers. In exchange for an annual transfer of $10 to $20billion from taxpayers to agriculture, farmers would do much more to enhance environmental quality. An attractive feature of a new partnership is that paying for an improved environment provides a clear and justifiable rationale for farm program payments, something that is lacking under current farm programs. By changing management practices and land use, farmers can provide cleaner water, cleaner air, better wildlife habitat, lower net greenhouse gas emissions, and improved long-run soil ...


Characterizing And Comprehending Land Use Change In The Loess Hills Region, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, Hongli Feng, David A. Hennessy 2017 Iowa State University

Characterizing And Comprehending Land Use Change In The Loess Hills Region, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, Hongli Feng, David A. Hennessy

Hongli Feng

Regional land use change has important implications for ecosystems and the local human population. Metropolitan areas (MAs) are placing increasing emphasis on amenities and the environment when seeking to attract high income workers and their employers. Our interest is in characterizing land use change in Iowa’s Loess Hills Ecoregion (ILHE) that skirts both Sioux City and Council Bluffs MAs. ILHE is a distinctive landform of silty soils up to 200 feet high that were wind deposited just east of the Missouri River floodplain. Covering about 0.7 million acres, the Loess hills stretch north about 200 miles (usually no ...


Land Use Change And Policy In Iowa’S Loess Hills, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, David A. Hennessy, Hongli Feng 2017 Iowa State University

Land Use Change And Policy In Iowa’S Loess Hills, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, David A. Hennessy, Hongli Feng

Hongli Feng

We consider land use change in Iowa’s Loess Hills, which contain much of the state’s remaining prairie grassland. Although crop production has expanded on the landform since 2005, much of this expansion has been from soybean into corn with a clear trend toward more intensive corn rotations. Forest land has expanded in the area while we do not find evidence of extensive conversion to development. Data indicate that crop production has moved away from more heavily sloped land, but the increase in cropping does not appear to be occurring on land with high crop productivity.


Subsidies! The Other Incentive-Based Instrument: The Case Of The Conservation Reserve Program, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Silvia Secchi 2017 Iowa State University

Subsidies! The Other Incentive-Based Instrument: The Case Of The Conservation Reserve Program, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Silvia Secchi

Hongli Feng

In this paper, we examine command-and-control (CAC) policies and market-based instruments (MBI) in the context of the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The CRP, an MBI in the form of subsidies, is by far the largest agro-environmental policy implemented to date. We compare the environmental performance of the CRP as implemented to a few counterfactual CAC polices using EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate), a bio-physical simulation model. In the context of multiple environmental indicators, no policy alternative emerges as a clear winner. The importance of the choice and design of CAC policies is emphasized.


Economic Evaluation Of Coastal Land Loss In Louisiana, Stephen R. Barnes, Craig Bond, Nicholas Burger, Kate Anania, Aaron Strong, Sarah Weilant, Stephanie Virgets 2017 Louisiana State University

Economic Evaluation Of Coastal Land Loss In Louisiana, Stephen R. Barnes, Craig Bond, Nicholas Burger, Kate Anania, Aaron Strong, Sarah Weilant, Stephanie Virgets

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Louisiana has lost approximately 1,880 square miles of land over the past eighty years. Projections suggest that in a future without action, the next fifty years could result in the loss of 1,750 additional square miles of land area. As land loss continues, a large portion of the natural and man-made capital stocks of coastal Louisiana will be at greater risk of damage, either from land loss or from the associated increase in storm damage. We estimate the replacement cost of capital stock directly at risk from land loss ranges from approximately $2.1 billion to $3.5 ...


The Market Transfer Effect In The Hawaiian Longline Fishery: Why Correlation Does Not Imply Causation, Jason D. Scorse, Shaun Richards, Philip King 2017 Middlebury Institute of International Studies

The Market Transfer Effect In The Hawaiian Longline Fishery: Why Correlation Does Not Imply Causation, Jason D. Scorse, Shaun Richards, Philip King

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

A lot of discussion and controversy has surrounded whether the “market transfer” effect in the Hawaii longline swordfish fishery occurred during the swordfish closure of 2001-2004, because of its potential impacts on sea turtle mortality. The primary academic work in support of the market transfer effect during the closure is a paper by Rausser et al. (2009): “Unintended Consequences: The Spillover Effects of Common Property Regulations.” In this paper, the authors claim to find evidence in support of the market transfer hypothesis.To our knowledge, no analysis has yet been undertaken to assess whether this analysis is sound, and yet ...


Considerations Of Socio-Economic Input, Related Challenges And Recommendations For Ecosystem-Based Maritime Spatial Planning: A Review, Mavra Stithou 2017 Independent researcher and consultant

Considerations Of Socio-Economic Input, Related Challenges And Recommendations For Ecosystem-Based Maritime Spatial Planning: A Review, Mavra Stithou

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Socio-economics in an ecosystem-based Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) process cover a wide range from specifying socio-economic objectives, respective indicators, organising stakeholder engagement, to data, methods and tools (e.g., environmental valuation and cost-benefit analysis) for example to identify issues, assess ecosystem services, provide an insight on human behaviour and compare alternative marine plans with potentially competing goals. In addition, social principles such as that of social equity have an important role to play in achieving sustainability in marine management. However, the use of socio-economics in making the ecosystem-based MSP framework operational, poses certain challenges to researchers, regulators and policy-makers. The ...


Reversing Inequality, Combatting Climate Change: A Climate Jobs Program For New York State, J. Mijin Cha, Lara Skinner 2017 Occidental College

Reversing Inequality, Combatting Climate Change: A Climate Jobs Program For New York State, J. Mijin Cha, Lara Skinner

Research Studies and Reports

[Excerpt] Economic inequality in New York is rising. Currently, the state has the second highest level of economic inequality in the country. Unequal job growth across the state and stagnant wages in several sectors are two of the main contributors to rising inequality. While the state overall has seen several years of employment growth, there are stronger employment gains in New York City than in other parts of the state still suffering from job losses and stagnant employment levels. Additionally, in many sectors, such as construction and manufacturing, wages are not increasing at the same pace as inflation, leaving many ...


Examining The Effects Of Policy Interventions On Increasing Electric Vehicle Adoption In California, Ethan G. McDermott 2017 University of San Francisco

Examining The Effects Of Policy Interventions On Increasing Electric Vehicle Adoption In California, Ethan G. Mcdermott

Master's Projects and Capstones

Any significant effort to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gasses must address the growing concern of the transportation sector’s inability to meaningfully reduce its emissions contribution. A major shift in the primary fuel used in the sector away from petroleum-based fuel to electricity is one potential way the sector can lower its emissions and transition into a sustainable future. However, a number of barriers face the electric vehicle market, including competing against an already mature vehicle market, battling consumer preferences, and overcoming technical challenges. This paper examines several policy proposals to combat these barriers and examines the impact similar ...


Exploring The Contributions Of Local Health Departments In Land Use And Transportation Policy: Implications For Cross-Sector Collaboration, Meera Sreedhara, Karin V. Goins, Semra Aytur, Katie Heinrich, Jay Maddock, Stephenie C. Lemon 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Exploring The Contributions Of Local Health Departments In Land Use And Transportation Policy: Implications For Cross-Sector Collaboration, Meera Sreedhara, Karin V. Goins, Semra Aytur, Katie Heinrich, Jay Maddock, Stephenie C. Lemon

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Introduction: Transportation and land use policies can impact physical activity. Local health departments (LHDs) are encouraged to participate in land use and transportation policy processes, which are outside their traditional expertise. Cross-sector collaborations are needed, yet stakeholders’ perceptions of LHD involvement are not well-understood. This paper explores (1) the perceived value of LHD participation in transportation and land use decision-making and (2) potential contributions of LHDs to these processes among relevant stakeholders.

Methods: Qualitative data were analysed from 49 semi-structured interviews conducted in 2015 and 2016. Participants were professionals representing land use planning (n=13), transportation/public works (n=11 ...


Food For Thought: Analyzing The Impacts Of Livestock Factory Farming In The United States, Mallory Russo 2017 Fordham University

Food For Thought: Analyzing The Impacts Of Livestock Factory Farming In The United States, Mallory Russo

Student Theses 2015-Present

The practice of large scale factory farming in the United States has raised moral and ethical questions since its establishment in the mid twentieth century. Though a relatively modern development in the field of agribusiness, factory farming has already accounted for drastic damage to both public and environmental health. Factory farming requires the unsustainable use of resources, gives off toxic waste, and poses a serious threat to public health. This paper aims the further analyze those damages, as well as investigate the lack of transparency and political corruption carried out by factory farm industry leaders. Major factory farming companies have ...


How Do Environmental Changes And Shared Cultural Experiences Impact The Health Of Indigenous Peoples In South Louisiana?, Shanondora M. Billiot 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

How Do Environmental Changes And Shared Cultural Experiences Impact The Health Of Indigenous Peoples In South Louisiana?, Shanondora M. Billiot

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Global environmental change is an ongoing and complex social problem that will continue to permeate all spheres of life on earth (Moran, 2010). Not all communities experience social and economic consequences of environmental change at the same level (Adger, 2006a; Cutter, Boruff, & Shirley, 2003; Gillespie, 2010; Nicholls et al., 2007; Vogel, Moser, Kasperson, & Dabelko, 2007). The variability of vulnerability, or potential for exposure or harm, stems from proximity to fragile ecosystems as well as social and economic differences across communities (Boruff, Emrich, & Cutter, 2005). Additionally, environmental changes are projected to have adverse impacts on marginalized populations through additional pressures on existing, struggling social systems. Indigenous coastal communities, given their attachment to and dependence on the land, are especially vulnerable to environmental changes (Ford, 2012). In addition, indigenous peoples worldwide have poorer health compared to their majority groups (Anderson et al., 2006; Castor et al., 2006; Gracey & King, 2009; King, Smith, & Gracey, 2009; Lama, 2012).

To date, there is limited academic literature on the impact of climate change on health outcomes, especially among indigenous peoples (Ford et al., 2014). Land is a viable resource to indigenous communities both culturally and for future generations. Therefore, it ...


The State Of Coal In Wyoming, Sidney A. Smith 2017 University of Wyoming

The State Of Coal In Wyoming, Sidney A. Smith

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Coal has been part of Wyoming’s economy since the late 1800s and continues to have a major influence on the state. Since mining began, trends of rising and falling prices for coal have created economic instability. Currently, Wyoming’s coal industry is experiencing a downturn, leading to lay-offs and financial hardship for the state and municipalities. The Wyoming legislature has attempted to invigorate the industry through several pieces of legislation. Some of these include increasing the purview of the Wyoming Infrastructure Authority, funding the Integrated Technology Center in Gillette, and preventing new taxation on the industry. Governor Matt Mead ...


The Power Of Peer Pressure: Incorporating Social Comparison Into Traditional Anti-Food Waste Campaigns And Its Potential Effects On College Campuses, Grace E. Venit 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Power Of Peer Pressure: Incorporating Social Comparison Into Traditional Anti-Food Waste Campaigns And Its Potential Effects On College Campuses, Grace E. Venit

Honors Theses (PPE)

Food waste is a major contributor to climate change, one of the most pressing environmental challenges of our time. Addressing this problem would not only protect the environment, but it would also save trillions of dollars and help to reduce the staggering number of people in the world today who are chronically malnourished. This paper focuses on the potential of using behavioral economic theory, particularly the concept of “nudging” in addressing the problem of food waste. Existing literature on nudges and food waste mainly focuses on how feedback and manipulating plate size can reduce food waste. Another proven approach to ...


Perceptions Of Fin-Fish Aquaculture: A Multi-Scalar Policy Perspective, Jordan Wrigley 2017 Huxley College of the Environment, Western Washington University

Perceptions Of Fin-Fish Aquaculture: A Multi-Scalar Policy Perspective, Jordan Wrigley

Graduate Student Conference

Fin-fish aquaculture presents a problem for planners and policy-makers. While there are negative environmental impacts and questions regarding aquaculture's sustainability, there are also benefits such as increased local food production. Solutions balancing these detriments and benefits are often obscured by ingrained perceptions of aquaculture leading to exclusionary or suppressive outcomes and a lack of exploration into aquaculture's value within various contexts. To examine these perceptions, I developed a multi-scalar series of studies at the national, regional, and individual levels.

The collected results of the three studies suggest aquaculture awareness and perceptions are context-dependant. Nuances in national data also ...


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