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The Year 2014: A Banner Year For Institutional Racism, Andrew I.E. Ewoh 2017 Barbara Jordan Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs, Texas Southern University

The Year 2014: A Banner Year For Institutional Racism, Andrew I.E. Ewoh

Ralph Bunche Journal of Public Affairs

The Ralph Bunche Journal of Public Affairs is dedicating this special issue to the profound and pervasive effects of institutional racism that were prominent in 2014. The year 2014 might be viewed as a remarkable year for institutional racism. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Section IV of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 is no longer necessary.


Race And Justice Outcomes: Contextualizing Racial Discrimination And Ferguson, Jason M. Williams 2017 Montclair State University

Race And Justice Outcomes: Contextualizing Racial Discrimination And Ferguson, Jason M. Williams

Ralph Bunche Journal of Public Affairs

While scores of literature may hint at the tumultuous relationship between the criminal justice system and Blacks, such literature, however, fail to assess, comprehensively, the intersectional purpose of present criminal justice processes and race. This paper will examine contemporary applications of justice along racial lines. It is argued that current justice outcomes are advantageous to the status quo. It is no secret that the American system of justice has a race problem; however, if the goal is to administer justice then, as this paper argues, the current system needs to be seriously examined and rebuilt. The paper also argues that ...


Standing Up For Standing Rock: Environmental Racism In Modern America, Lizzy LeBleu 2017 Pepperdine University

Standing Up For Standing Rock: Environmental Racism In Modern America, Lizzy Lebleu

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

In this essay, I explore the implications of environmental racism among our national and global neighbors.


Economic Valuation Of Ecosystem Benefits From Conservation Practices Targeted In Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy 2013: A Non Market Valuation Approach, Mainul Hoque, Catherine L. Kling 2017 Iowa State University

Economic Valuation Of Ecosystem Benefits From Conservation Practices Targeted In Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy 2013: A Non Market Valuation Approach, Mainul Hoque, Catherine L. Kling

Catherine Kling

With the aim of improving water quality, the Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy 2014 sets a goal of reducing agricultural non-point-source generated nitrogen load by 41 percent and phosphorus load by 29 percent in Iowa’s waterways. The “strategy” describes several land use that could achieve those reductions, such as widespread adoption of conservation practices in farming, land retirement, and wetland restoration that can meet the specified target reduction. The goal of the current study is to identify the range of ecosystem benefits resulting from the conservation practices associated with each of these scenarios and apply a nonmarket valuation method to ...


The Precautionary Principle And Radiation Protection, Kenneth L. Mossman, Gary E. Marchant 2017 University of New Hampshire

The Precautionary Principle And Radiation Protection, Kenneth L. Mossman, Gary E. Marchant

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors examine the application of the precautionary principle through a case study of ionizing radiation control and suggest a reevaluation of current radiation safety standards and practices.


Review Of: Social Trust And The Management Of Risk (George Cvetkovich & Ragnar E. Loftstedt, Eds.), Mahua Roy Chowdhury 2017 University of New Hampshire

Review Of: Social Trust And The Management Of Risk (George Cvetkovich & Ragnar E. Loftstedt, Eds.), Mahua Roy Chowdhury

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of the book: Social Trust and the Management of Risk (George Cvetkovich & Ragnar E. Lofstedt, eds., Earthscan Publications Ltd. 1999). Tables, Figures, and Boxes, Acronyms and Abbreviations, Forward, Preface, Introduction, References, Index. ISBN 1-85383-604-4 [196 pp. $25.00. Paperback, 120 Pentonville Road, London, NI 9JN UK].


Review Of: Eckard Kämper, Decision Making Under Risk In Organisations: The Case Of German Waste Management, Jeremy S. Cleverly 2017 University of New Hampshire

Review Of: Eckard Kämper, Decision Making Under Risk In Organisations: The Case Of German Waste Management, Jeremy S. Cleverly

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of the book: Eckard K-Kämper, Decision Making Under Risk in Organisations: The Case of German Waste Management (Ashgate Publishing Co. 2000). Preface, Acknowledgements, Bibliography. ISBN 0-7546-1434-4 [183 pp. $69.95. Hardbound, 131 Main Street, Burlington, VT 05401- 5600].


Internet Media In Technological Risk Amplification: Plutonium On Board The Cassini-Huygens Spacecraft, Christine M. Rodrigue 2017 University of New Hampshire

Internet Media In Technological Risk Amplification: Plutonium On Board The Cassini-Huygens Spacecraft, Christine M. Rodrigue

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author discusses how the Cassini controversy demonstrates the power of the Internet, particularly listservs and Usenet groups, and how this resource offers political activists an opportunity to affect the agendas of risk management policy decision-makers.


Risk Assessments For Chemical Stockpile Incinerators: Is The Supporting Guidance Adequate, Lawrence V. Tannenbaum 2017 University of New Hampshire

Risk Assessments For Chemical Stockpile Incinerators: Is The Supporting Guidance Adequate, Lawrence V. Tannenbaum

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author identifies potential deficiencies in guidance used in the United States for risk assessments of chemical weapons incinerators.


Who Are The Stakeholders In Environmental Risk Decisions - How Should They Be Involved, Mary R. English 2017 University of New Hampshire

Who Are The Stakeholders In Environmental Risk Decisions - How Should They Be Involved, Mary R. English

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

[Excerpt] "In the United States, as in other countries, public participation in environmental policy decisions has come a long way. In its infancy, it was limited to public hearings concerning decisions that were, for all practical purposes, "done deals." Overturning public agency decisions could be accomplished only through expensive, often protracted, usually futile court cases, and then only if the issue was justiciable and the plaintiff had the funds and standing to sue. In recent decades - especially since the 1960s - opportunities for public participation in the U.S. have been overhauled. Access to documents has been assured through federal and ...


Perceived Control, Voluntariness And Emotional Reactions In Relocated Areas Of Russia, Ukraine And Belarus, Carol Jeniffer Figueiredo, Britt-Marie Drottz-Sjöberg 2017 University of New Hampshire

Perceived Control, Voluntariness And Emotional Reactions In Relocated Areas Of Russia, Ukraine And Belarus, Carol Jeniffer Figueiredo, Britt-Marie Drottz-Sjöberg

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

[Excerpt] "The Chernobyl accident occurred at a time of considerable social and economic changes in the former Soviet Union. The contamination due to the accident still covers parts of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Some areas were considered too contaminated to suit long-term human settlement and a considerable number of people were therefore moved from their homes and resettled in other areas. Resettlement policies often differed between the states. Some variations in state policy included the duration before implementation of the decision to resettle people from certain areas, the swiftness of the transition, and the acceptance of personal initiatives in the ...


How To Achieve Public Participation In Nuclear Waste Decisions: Public Relations Or Transparent Adversary Science, Judy Treichel 2017 University of New Hampshire

How To Achieve Public Participation In Nuclear Waste Decisions: Public Relations Or Transparent Adversary Science, Judy Treichel

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

[Excerpt] "Commercial nuclear reactors in the United States have been producing electricity and highly radioactive wastes for more than forty years. Originally, reluctant utilities built reactors at the urging of Congress, acting in accordance with the Atomic Energy Act. The Act called for promotion of nuclear technology and also provided a shield of secrecy allowing for extensive power to classify information. Wiretapping and other surveillance techniques were allowable if nuclear secrets or interference with nuclear programs were involved. During this time the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) provided films and comic books, and gave speeches in a public relations campaign designed ...


Overpopulation And The Impact On The Environment, Doris Baus 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Overpopulation And The Impact On The Environment, Doris Baus

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this research paper, the main focus is on the issue of overpopulation and its impact on the environment. The growing size of the global population is not an issue that appeared within the past couple of decades, but its origins come from the prehistoric time and extend to the very present day. Throughout the history, acknowledged scientists introduced the concept of “overpopulation” and predicted the future consequences if the world follows the same behavioral pattern. According to predictions, scientists invented the birth control pill and set population control through eugenics. Despite that, population continued to increase and fight with ...


Yale’S Environmental Performance Index: The Construction And Use Of A Composite Index For Global Sustainability, Zach Wendling 2017 FES

Yale’S Environmental Performance Index: The Construction And Use Of A Composite Index For Global Sustainability, Zach Wendling

Yale Day of Data

No abstract provided.


Free, Prior, And Informed Consent And Reconciliation In Canada: Proposals To Implement Articles 19 And 32 Of The Un Declaration On The Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Sasha Boutilier 2017 University of Toronto

Free, Prior, And Informed Consent And Reconciliation In Canada: Proposals To Implement Articles 19 And 32 Of The Un Declaration On The Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Sasha Boutilier

Western Journal of Legal Studies

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has repeatedly promised to meet the Indian Residential School Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s recommendation to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) as a framework for reconciliation. This commitment is significant as Canada’s position on UNDRIP has been highly contested. In particular, the compatibility of UNDRIP’s Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) standard with Canadian law has been repeatedly called into question. This work evaluates the possibility and importance of implementing FPIC in Canada. It begins with an overview of FPIC internationally and of FPIC in relation ...


Roots Of A Movement: Community Action And The Impact Of Urban Agriculture In Chicago, Maia Welbel 2017 Pomona College

Roots Of A Movement: Community Action And The Impact Of Urban Agriculture In Chicago, Maia Welbel

Pomona Senior Theses

Efforts to maintain a relationship to food pathways have been consistent throughout U.S. history despite the general evolution towards an increasingly industrialized food system. Urban agriculture serves as a means of reclaiming and furthering knowledge of where food comes from while also addressing larger social, economic, and environmental goals. This has been demonstrated in Chicago where urban farmers have worked to improve food access, increase employment, and revitalize communities all across the city. For many years, federal policies have promoted maximum production of commodity crops and kept supermarket prices low, allowing the government to ignore the impacts these policies ...


A Better Calculus For Regulators: From Cost-Benefit Analysis To The Social Welfare Function, Matthew D. Adler 2017 Duke Law School

A Better Calculus For Regulators: From Cost-Benefit Analysis To The Social Welfare Function, Matthew D. Adler

Faculty Scholarship

The “social welfare function” (SWF) is a powerful tool that originates in theoretical welfare economics and has wide application in economic scholarship, for example in optimal tax theory and environmental economics. This Article provides a comprehensive introduction to the SWF framework. It then shows how the SWF framework can be used as the basis for regulatory policy analysis, and why it improves upon cost-benefit analysis (CBA).

Two types of SWFs are especially plausible: the utilitarian SWF, which sums individual well-being numbers, and the prioritarian SWF, which gives extra weight to the well-being of the worse off. Either one of these ...


Increased Indigenous Participation In Environmental Decision-Making: A Policy Analysis For The Improvement Of Indigenous Health, Kerry Black, Edward McBean 2016 University of Guelph

Increased Indigenous Participation In Environmental Decision-Making: A Policy Analysis For The Improvement Of Indigenous Health, Kerry Black, Edward Mcbean

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Improving the physical environment and Indigenous participation in environmental decision-making is inherently related to the improvement of health among Indigenous Peoples. Improving the state of the physical environment necessitates increased involvement by Indigenous communities in decision-making and policy development. This involvement must integrate local traditional knowledge (TK) as an important tool in the decolonization of environmental decision-making, and a necessary step towards the improvement of Indigenous health. With a focus on the physical environment as a social determinant of Indigenous health, this article highlights the need for increased Indigenous participation in the decision-making process on environmental issues and proposes a ...


Deepwater Port Act Of 1974: Some International And Environmental Implications, James H. Gnann Jr. 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Deepwater Port Act Of 1974: Some International And Environmental Implications, James H. Gnann Jr.

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Fresh Air: The Impact Of Reformulated Gasoline On Infant Health, Mohammed Husain 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Fresh Air: The Impact Of Reformulated Gasoline On Infant Health, Mohammed Husain

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This paper considers a 1996 Reformulated Gasoline program, where gasoline emissions were regulated in California, to observe the effects on infant health indicators. I use a cross-county analysis to find significant effects from the policy that suggests an improvement in birth weight, gestational length, and infant mortality.


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