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Institutionalizing Environmental Justice: Race, Place, And The National Environmental Policy Act, Keith K. Miyake 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Institutionalizing Environmental Justice: Race, Place, And The National Environmental Policy Act, Keith K. Miyake

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this dissertation, I examine ways that the US National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and its primary enforcement mechanism, the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process, have reshaped the state as a site for racial and environmental conflict by institutionalizing a particular form of environmental justice within governmental decision making processes. Combining archival methods and legal analysis, I develop three case studies involving community struggles over the social production of space that each engage the EIA process to different effect. The case studies were selected based on what they reveal about the ways that the environmental justice framework intersects ...


A Mi’Kmaw Perspective On Advancing Salmon Governance In Nova Scotia, Canada: Setting The Stage For Collaborative Co-Existence, Shelley K. Denny, Lucia M. Fanning 2016 Dalhousie University

A Mi’Kmaw Perspective On Advancing Salmon Governance In Nova Scotia, Canada: Setting The Stage For Collaborative Co-Existence, Shelley K. Denny, Lucia M. Fanning

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Issues related to fisheries governance are a source of debate and tension between the Indigenous Mi’kmaq people of Nova Scotia and the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) in matters concerning Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Within the context of the existing governance regime, this analysis compares the concept of salmon conservation and management from a Mi’kmaq perspective and proposes a collaborative co-existence approach for effective salmon governance in Nova Scotia. This approach begins by using co-management as a process, Two-Eyed Seeing as the design, and treaties as the model to achieve shared objectives of maintaining and improving ...


Traditional Knowledge, Sustainable Forest Management, And Ethical Research Involving Aboriginal Peoples: An Aboriginal Scholar’S Perspective, Deborah McGregor 2016 Selected Works

Traditional Knowledge, Sustainable Forest Management, And Ethical Research Involving Aboriginal Peoples: An Aboriginal Scholar’S Perspective, Deborah Mcgregor

Deborah McGregor

No abstract provided.


Transportation And Climate Change, Jonathan Rubin 2016 University of Maine

Transportation And Climate Change, Jonathan Rubin

Jonathan Rubin

The transportation and residential sectors in Maine use a large proportion of fossil fuels, primarily petroleum products, and are a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. Jonathan Rubin’s article on transportation reviews mechanisms by which petroleum demand and greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced, emphasizing state and federal legislation to achieve these goals. He describes ways in which transportation systems will be affected by and have to adapt to climate change.


Shaping The Future: The Dialectic Of Law And Environmental Values, Holly Doremus 2016 Berkeley Law

Shaping The Future: The Dialectic Of Law And Environmental Values, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

No abstract provided.


Shaping The Future: The Dialectic Of Law And Environmental Values, Holly Doremus 2016 Berkeley Law

Shaping The Future: The Dialectic Of Law And Environmental Values, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

No abstract provided.


Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus 2016 Selected Works

Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

24 pages.


Shaping The Future: The Dialectic Of Law And Environmental Values, Holly Doremus 2016 Berkeley Law

Shaping The Future: The Dialectic Of Law And Environmental Values, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

No abstract provided.


Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus 2016 Selected Works

Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus

Holly Doremus

24 pages.


Essays On Environmental Policy Instruments, Emissions Leakage And Public Policy, Shreekar Pradhan 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Essays On Environmental Policy Instruments, Emissions Leakage And Public Policy, Shreekar Pradhan

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three essays related to my research on environmental policy, emissions leakage, and public policy. In the first essay, I address how open economies respond to environmental policy instruments under uncertainty. I develop a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model for a small open economy (SOE) and evaluate the macroeconomic fluctuations in response to cap-and-trade, pollution tax, and emissions intensity standard under two shocks: productivity and terms of trade. My findings suggest that cap-and-trade policies are most effective in dampening the macroeconomic volatility from productivity shock. However, under the terms-of-trade shock, pollution tax, and intensity target policies are ...


Using An Equilibrium Displacement Model To Simulate The Impact Of An Environmental Meat Tax On Grain And Livestock Markets, Regan Gilmore 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Using An Equilibrium Displacement Model To Simulate The Impact Of An Environmental Meat Tax On Grain And Livestock Markets, Regan Gilmore

UCARE Research Products

Research Question

What are the potential effects of imposing a hypothetical environmental tax on meat consumption, including beef, pork, and poultry, on the livestock and grain markets in the United States from farm to fork?

Faculty advisor: Azzeddine Azzam


The Geopolitics Of Global Climate Change., Rodger A. Payne 2016 University of Louisville

The Geopolitics Of Global Climate Change., Rodger A. Payne

Rodger A. Payne

No abstract provided.


Agenda: Coping With Water Scarcity In River Basins Worldwide: Lessons Learned From Shared Experiences, University of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment 2016 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: Coping With Water Scarcity In River Basins Worldwide: Lessons Learned From Shared Experiences, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment

Coping with Water Scarcity in River Basins Worldwide: Lessons Learned from Shared Experiences (Martz Summer Conference, June 9-10)

Water scarcity is increasingly dominating headlines throughout the world. In the southwestern USA, the looming water shortages on the Colorado River system and the unprecedented drought in California are garnering the greatest attention. Similar stories of scarcity and crisis can be found across the globe, suggesting an opportunity for sharing lessons and innovations. For example, the Colorado River and Australia's Murray-Darling Basin likely can share many lessons, as both systems were over-allocated, feature multiple jurisdictions, face similar climatic risks and drought stresses, and struggle to balance human demands with environmental needs. In this conference we cast our net broadly ...


Agenda: Indigenous Water Justice Symposium, University of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment 2016 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: Indigenous Water Justice Symposium, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment

Indigenous Water Justice Symposium (June 6)

Indigenous peoples throughout the world face diverse and often formidable challenges of what might be termed “water justice.” On one hand, these challenges involve issues of distributional justice that concern Indigenous communities’ relative abilities to access and use water for self-determined purposes. On the other hand, issues of procedural justice are frequently associated with water allocation and management, encompassing fundamental matters like representation within governance entities and participation in decision-making processes. Yet another realm of water justice in which disputes are commonplace relates to the persistence of, and respect afforded to, Indigenous communities’ cultural traditions and values surrounding water—more ...


Motivating Without Mandates: The Role Of Voluntary Programs In Environmental Governance, Cary Coglianese, Jennifer Nash 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Motivating Without Mandates: The Role Of Voluntary Programs In Environmental Governance, Cary Coglianese, Jennifer Nash

Faculty Scholarship

For the last several decades, governments around the world have tried to use so-called voluntary programs to motivate private firms to act proactively to protect the environment. Unlike conventional environmental regulation, voluntary programs offer businesses flexibility to adopt cost-effective measures to reduce environmental impacts. Rather than prodding firms to act through threats of enforcement, they aim to entice firms to move forward by offering various kinds of positive incentives, ranging from public recognition to limited forms of regulatory relief. Despite the theoretical appeal of voluntary programs, their proper role in government’s environmental toolkit depends on the empirical evidence of ...


Environmental Activism And Indigenous Populations Case Study: The Indonesian Palm Oil Industry, Kellsey K. Bledsoe 2016 University of Washington - Tacoma Campus

Environmental Activism And Indigenous Populations Case Study: The Indonesian Palm Oil Industry, Kellsey K. Bledsoe

Global Honors Theses

The purpose of this study was to see whether or not environmental activism projects benefit or harm the indigenous populations of the countries in which these projects are taking place. When looking at environmental activism projects, Greenpeace International’s environmental activism projects within Indonesia were analyzed because they are one of the largest environmental organizations in the world. The Indonesian palm oil industry was looked at specifically to examine the effects of Greenpeace’s work on the indigenous populations of Indonesia that are affected by the palm oil industry. Several of Greenpeace’s publications were examined in order to find ...


Oil Spill Preparedness In Sweden : Prevention, Planning, And Response For Large Accidents, Jonas Pålsson 2016 World Maritime University

Oil Spill Preparedness In Sweden : Prevention, Planning, And Response For Large Accidents, Jonas Pålsson

Jonas Pålsson

This dissertation has analysed the Swedish oil spill preparedness between 2010 and 2015 by examining management, prevention, planning and response, and compared it to international practices. The study is based on analysis of available data, surveys administered to the coastal County Administrative Boards and municipalities, and interviews with the national oil spill experts.

Oil spills can cause significant acute damage to the environment. Sweden has a long coastline with intense shipping traffic. This suggests a high risk of a large oil spill occurring, but no oil spill over 1,200 tonnes has affected the Swedish territorial waters or Exclusive Economic ...


Landfill Communities Within The Land Of Eternal Spring, Blanca Vaneza Guzmán 2016 Salve Regina University

Landfill Communities Within The Land Of Eternal Spring, Blanca Vaneza Guzmán

ENV 434 Environmental Justice

This paper examines the placement and impact of landfills within Guatemala City, Guatemala. By examining the municipal cite and its accessibility to policy taken on towards proper waste management, the recurring theme of lack of information will be obvious. It specifically looks at the lack of information provided and describes the landfill communities by looking at the minimal scholarship and media attention offered. This paper will also interrelate the importance of all beings, living and non-living with its surroundings and highlight ideas of ecological thinking. An emphasis on environmental racism will be stressed, particularly with the enormous impact it has ...


Plastic Pollution And The Global Throwaway Culture: Environmental Injustices Of Single-Use Plastic, Kristin L. McDermott 2016 Salve Regina University

Plastic Pollution And The Global Throwaway Culture: Environmental Injustices Of Single-Use Plastic, Kristin L. Mcdermott

ENV 434 Environmental Justice

The global throwaway culture has created a cross-ecosystem plastic pollution injustice. The first to suffer this injustice will be the most vulnerable. Our oceans have become our dumpsters. The throwaway culture has created a disrespect of material goods that has turned the earth’s resources into rubbish after a single use. Eighty percent of the yearly 8 million tons of plastic that enter the ocean is single use plastic, such as plastic bottles, plastic shopping bags, or cigarette lighters.[1] Plastic has destroyed ecosystems, robbing impoverished communities of natural resources and of a healthy and safe living environment. First to ...


Get A Lot For Less: Evaulation Of The $1 Vacant Lot Pilot Program In Milwaukee's 15th Aldermanic District, Sierra Starner-Heffron 2016 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Get A Lot For Less: Evaulation Of The $1 Vacant Lot Pilot Program In Milwaukee's 15th Aldermanic District, Sierra Starner-Heffron

Theses and Dissertations

Between July, 2014 and July, 2015, the city piloted a program in which City-owned vacant lots could be sold for $1 to adjacent homeowners exclusively in the 15th Aldermanic District. The focus of this research was to determine the effectiveness of the $1 lot program in revitalizing the neighborhoods within that District. Using a visual assessment, this research observed the condition of 26 vacant lots sold approximately one year prior to the assessment and scored them based on a unique set of factors including the presence of a fence (a proxy for defensible space) the presence of gardens, whether any ...


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