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What’S At Steak? The Political Discourse Of Emissions Intensity And Implications Of Animal Agriculture, Kalyn Simon 2018 The University of San Francisco

What’S At Steak? The Political Discourse Of Emissions Intensity And Implications Of Animal Agriculture, Kalyn Simon

Master's Theses

This thesis analyzes the international discourse of greenhouse gas emissions in relation to livestock production. Specific government ministries, research institutes, and multilateral organizations are framing a new strategy to mitigate emissions by using emissions intensity metrics. Emissions intensity is a ratio comparing emissions produced per unit of animal product as oppose to measuring absolute emissions. This research is acknowledged as a win-win scenario which allows for a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions while continuing production more efficiently. This thesis outlines the emergence of this metric in international discourse and the implications this shift has on the livestock sector globally. Ultimately ...


Will Clean Air Fade Away?, Mojtaba Sadegh, Jennifer Pierce, Amir AghaKouchak, Nancy F. Glenn, Cynthia L. Curl 2018 Boise State University

Will Clean Air Fade Away?, Mojtaba Sadegh, Jennifer Pierce, Amir Aghakouchak, Nancy F. Glenn, Cynthia L. Curl

Nancy F. Glenn

Government-sponsored research and regulations enabled western U.S. states to clean up their air, despite industrial and population growth. Proposed funding cuts could undo this progress.


Will Clean Air Fade Away?, Mojtaba Sadegh, Jennifer Pierce, Amir AghaKouchak, Nancy F. Glenn, Cynthia Curl 2018 Boise State University

Will Clean Air Fade Away?, Mojtaba Sadegh, Jennifer Pierce, Amir Aghakouchak, Nancy F. Glenn, Cynthia Curl

Jennifer L. Pierce

Government-sponsored research and regulations enabled western U.S. states to clean up their air, despite industrial and population growth. Proposed funding cuts could undo this progress.


Will Clean Air Fade Away?, Mojtaba Sadegh, Jennifer Pierce, Amir AghaKouchak, Nancy F. Glenn, Cynthia L. Curl 2018 Boise State University

Will Clean Air Fade Away?, Mojtaba Sadegh, Jennifer Pierce, Amir Aghakouchak, Nancy F. Glenn, Cynthia L. Curl

Cynthia L. Curl

Government-sponsored research and regulations enabled western U.S. states to clean up their air, despite industrial and population growth. Proposed funding cuts could undo this progress.


Who Bears The Economic Costs Of Environmental Regulations?, Don Fullerton, Erich Muehlegger 2017 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Who Bears The Economic Costs Of Environmental Regulations?, Don Fullerton, Erich Muehlegger

Don Fullerton

Public economics has a well-developed literature on tax incidence – the ultimate burdens from tax policy.  This literature is used here to describe not only the distributional effects of environmental taxes or subsidies but also the likely incidence of non-tax regulations, energy efficiency standards, or other environmental mandates. Recent papers find that mandates can be more regressive than carbon taxes. We also describe how the distributional effects of such policies can be altered by various market conditions such as limited factor mobility, trade exposure, evasion, corruption, or imperfect competition. Finally, we review data on carbon-intensity of production and exports around the ...


Confessions Of A Collaborator: Shoesole And Stewardship Alliance Of Northeast Elko County, Nevada, Robin Boies 2017 Stewardship Alliance of Northeast Elko

Confessions Of A Collaborator: Shoesole And Stewardship Alliance Of Northeast Elko County, Nevada, Robin Boies

Human–Wildlife Interactions

Abstract – The Shoesole Management Team (Shoesole) and the Stewardship Alliance of Northeastern Elko (SANE) are place-based, landowner-organized, natural and human resource conservation initiatives. The Shoesole was organized in 2002 to take a more holistic approach to grazing management issues on two federal livestock grazing allotments. This effort provided the foundation for SANE, which was organized in 2012 by representatives of eight ranches in northeastern Nevada in response to the potential listing of the greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; sage-grouse). Shoesole and SANE came together voluntarily, as a rancher organized initiative, with a common goal of creating a better place-based conservation decision-making ...


The Gunnison Basin Sage-Grouse Strategic Committee: A Colorado County’S Fight For Conservation Self-Determination, James Cochran, Jonathan Houck, Greg Peterson 2017 Gunnison County, Colorado

The Gunnison Basin Sage-Grouse Strategic Committee: A Colorado County’S Fight For Conservation Self-Determination, James Cochran, Jonathan Houck, Greg Peterson

Human–Wildlife Interactions

Since 1995, sage-grouse (Centrocercus spp.) conservation planning in the western United States has largely been based upon local working groups comprised of federal, state and local governments, environmental groups, landowners, interested citizens. In this article, we review the history and process of these local working groups in western Colorado. These groups are generally convened by one or more government agencies, operate on the general principle of consensus, and have little or no administrative or financial support. The local working groups were generally comprised of field biologist, rancher/landowners, members of local environmental groups and occasionally representatives from local governments. The ...


Utah’S Watershed Restoration Initiative: Restoring Watersheds At A Landscape Scale, Alan G. Clark, Tyler W. Thompson, Jason L. Vernon, Alison Whittakker 2017 Utah Department of Natural Resources

Utah’S Watershed Restoration Initiative: Restoring Watersheds At A Landscape Scale, Alan G. Clark, Tyler W. Thompson, Jason L. Vernon, Alison Whittakker

Human–Wildlife Interactions

Abstract: The Utah Watershed Restoration Initiative (WRI) is a partnership-based program, administered by the Utah Department of Natural Resources, which seeks to improve the functional capacity of high priority watersheds throughout the state. Since its inception in 2006, the WRI partnership has completed nearly 1,500 projects to restore and rehabilitate over 526,091 ha in Utah watersheds. The WRI program is unique to the west, in that it transcends jurisdictional boundaries, and local, state, and federal management authority to focus finite resources on completing high priority conservation projects. We surveyed selected WRI selected participants in 2015 to determine what ...


Wyoming Sage-Grouse Working Groups: Lessons Learned, Thomas J. Christiansen, Lorien R. Belton 2017 Wyoming Game and Fish Department

Wyoming Sage-Grouse Working Groups: Lessons Learned, Thomas J. Christiansen, Lorien R. Belton

Human–Wildlife Interactions

The greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) has been the subject of multiple status reviews under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Wyoming accounts for approximately 38% of the range-wide population. Since 2000, 2 statewide and 8 local citizen working groups have been established in Wyoming to developed conservation plans and advise state policy. The first statewide plan for the conservation of sage-grouse was formally adopted in 2003. The statewide plan established local sage-grouse working groups charged with developing and facilitating implementation of local conservation plans. Those 8 plans were completed in 2007 and 2008, and updated in 2014. From 2005-2017, the local ...


Why Taxing Carbon May Not Make The World More Green, Serguei Netessine, Sam Aflaki 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Why Taxing Carbon May Not Make The World More Green, Serguei Netessine, Sam Aflaki

Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative

Although taxing carbon is an idea that enjoys significant support among policymakers and business leaders, new research indicates that carbon taxation can actually cause energy investments to gravitate away from the cleanest energy technologies. This counterintuitive finding reflects two key characteristics of energy markets: the worldwide increase in renewable energy sources whose output is intermittent and variable; and greater market liberalization, which has made the spot driving of electricity more volatile. The intermittency of renewable energy sources requires backup generation, typically from generators using fossil fuels. The dynamics of market liberalization amplify this negative effect of intermittency. Policymakers need to ...


Protecting And Maintaining Silicon Valley’S Liquid Gold, Paul Mark Fulcher 2017 San Jose State University

Protecting And Maintaining Silicon Valley’S Liquid Gold, Paul Mark Fulcher

Master's Projects

Public sector leaders and decision makers in the California water industry have learned from previous severe drought conditions that to sustain water supplies during extremely dry seasons, there is a substantial need for behavioral changes associated with water conservation efforts among the businesses and residents of the community to maintain an adequate water supply. The intent of this study is to compare four California water agencies that have been designated as sustainable groundwater agencies (GSA), and determine what current programs and/or practices those agencies are using to meet the mandated requirements of the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act of 2014 ...


A Conceptual Framework For Sustainable Water Management: The Case Of The Piracicaba River Basin, Brazil [Abstract], Amós Nascimento 2017 Selected Works

A Conceptual Framework For Sustainable Water Management: The Case Of The Piracicaba River Basin, Brazil [Abstract], Amós Nascimento

Amós Nascimento

2 pages.


Frameworks For Understanding And Promoting Solar Energy Technology Development, Chelsea Schelly 2017 Michigan Technological University

Frameworks For Understanding And Promoting Solar Energy Technology Development, Chelsea Schelly

Chelsea Schelly

In this paper, the contrasting theories of metabolic rift and ecological modernization theory (EMT) are applied to the same empirical phenomenon. Metabolic rift argues that the natural metabolic relationship between humans and nature has been fractured through modernization, industrialization and urbanization. EMT, in contrast, argues that societies in an advanced state of industrialization adopt ecologically benign production technologies and political policies, suggesting that modern societies could be on course to alleviate the ecological damage caused by capitalism. These two theories are fundamentally different in their assumptions about modern economies and technologies, yet both can be used as a theoretical lens ...


Renewable, Ethical? Assessing The Energy Justice Potential Of Renewable Electricity, Aparajita Banerjee, Emily Prehoda, Roman Sidortsov, Chelsea Schelly 2017 Michigan Technological University

Renewable, Ethical? Assessing The Energy Justice Potential Of Renewable Electricity, Aparajita Banerjee, Emily Prehoda, Roman Sidortsov, Chelsea Schelly

Chelsea Schelly

Energy justice is increasingly being used as a framework to conceptualize the impacts of energy decision making in more holistic ways and to consider the social implications in terms of existing ethical values. Similarly, renewable energy technologies are increasingly being promoted for their environmental and social benefits. However, little work has been done to systematically examine the extent to which, in what ways and in what contexts, renewable energy technologies can contribute to achieving energy justice. This paper assesses the potential of renewable electricity technologies to address energy justice in various global contexts via a systematic review of existing studies ...


What’S Political About Solar Electric Technology? The User’S Perspective, Chelsea Schelly 2017 Michigan Technological University

What’S Political About Solar Electric Technology? The User’S Perspective, Chelsea Schelly

Chelsea Schelly

Scholars in science and technology studies have debated the various ways in which technologies are (or are not) political. Here, I examine how users themselves understand and articulate the politics of a specific technology—residential solar electric technology—and how understandings of politics interact with motivations to adopt. Based on interviews with 48 individuals in 36 households across the state of Wisconsin who have adopted residential solar electric technology, I consider the user’s perspective on the question: “What’s political about residential solar electric technology use?” These users were asked about the politics of this technology and how their ...


Energy Policy: Regional Differences And Regulatory Choices, Madison Lane 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Energy Policy: Regional Differences And Regulatory Choices, Madison Lane

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

Government regulation in the realm of energy policy is difficult due to the scope and diversity of regional energy differences, as well as the political context through which the issue is framed. There is largely a focus on the negative economic impacts of regulation, and a lack of emphasis on the possibility of economic success through transition to cleaner sources of energy. Ultimately, there is a general neglect in policy decision making of the connection between policy output on the national level and policy outcomes on the state and local level. By assessing the merits of different regulatory approaches and ...


Biobased Products And The Leed® Rating System, Meredith Chambers, Mikesch Muecke 2017 Iowa State University

Biobased Products And The Leed® Rating System, Meredith Chambers, Mikesch Muecke

Mikesch Muecke

At the beginning of the 20th century, over 40% by weight of all the materials consumed through the production of goods within the United States were comprised of renewable resources (Matos and Wagner 1998). In contrast, by the end of the 20th century renewable material usage had dropped to less than 8% by weight (Matos and Wagner 1998). Combined with both an increase in the overall rate at which we consume resources as well as growing awareness of the inherently finite availability of nonrenewable resources, the early decades of the 21st century may mark the beginning of a shift back ...


Negative Impacts Of Illegal, Unreported And Unregulated Fishing Perpetrated By Mozambican Fishers, Catarina Maria Arminda Elias Vasco 2017 World Maritime University

Negative Impacts Of Illegal, Unreported And Unregulated Fishing Perpetrated By Mozambican Fishers, Catarina Maria Arminda Elias Vasco

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Married: Implementation Of Marpol 73/78 In Nigeria, Ikpi Ofem Akpama 2017 World Maritime University

Married: Implementation Of Marpol 73/78 In Nigeria, Ikpi Ofem Akpama

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Safety In The Fishery Sector Of Pakistan: Exploratory Research, Mirza Zeeshan Baig 2017 World Maritime University

Safety In The Fishery Sector Of Pakistan: Exploratory Research, Mirza Zeeshan Baig

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


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