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1977 Full-Text Articles 2267 Authors 503023 Downloads 136 Institutions

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1977 full-text articles. Page 1 of 50.

No Child Left Behind: Barriers For Youth Aging Out Of Foster Care, Wanda D. Davidson, Alphonso Underwood 2017 Tennessee State University

No Child Left Behind: Barriers For Youth Aging Out Of Foster Care, Wanda D. Davidson, Alphonso Underwood

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

This presentation will explore the effects of foster care on the attainment of education for youth aging out of foster. There are studies that suggest that older youth and youth of color, are particularly vulnerable to systemic issues which may hinder educational success. The presentation will review research that seek to identify specific barriers to educational success and the role of children services, social workers, teachers and the department of education.


Access To Taxicabs For Unbanked Households: An Exploratory Analysis In New York City, David A. King, Juan Francisco Saldarriaga 2017 Columbia University

Access To Taxicabs For Unbanked Households: An Exploratory Analysis In New York City, David A. King, Juan Francisco Saldarriaga

Journal of Public Transportation

Taxicabs are critical complements to public transit systems. In New York City, ubiquitous yellow cabs are as iconic as the city’s subway system, and the city recently added green taxicabs to improve taxi service in areas outside of the Central Business Districts and airports. In this paper, we used multiple datasets to explore taxicab fare payments by neighborhood and examine how paid taxicab fares are associated with use of conventional banking services. There are clear spatial dimensions of the propensity of riders to pay cash, and we found that both immigrant status and being “unbanked” are strong predictors of ...


An Exploration Of Gender Differences In Higher Risk Young Offenders: Implications For Assessment And Service Delivery, Jordyn G. Webb 2017 The University of Western Ontario

An Exploration Of Gender Differences In Higher Risk Young Offenders: Implications For Assessment And Service Delivery, Jordyn G. Webb

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Current research examining services for male and female youth in the criminal justice system has focused primarily on males and then generalizes findings to reflect the needs of females. However, more recent literature has identified critical differences between males and females involved in the youth criminal justice system, recognizing that females have unique concerns that need to be reflected in services and interventions. This study examined 277 high-risk, violent and chronic offending youth referred to an urban-based court clinic between the years 2010-2015. The youths' files contained information related to psychological functioning, family history, and information related to outside agencies ...


The National Elder Economic Security Standard™ Index: Methodology Overview, Center for Social and Demographic Research on Aging, University of Massachusetts Boston, Gerontology Institute, University of Massachusetts Boston 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

The National Elder Economic Security Standard™ Index: Methodology Overview, Center For Social And Demographic Research On Aging, University Of Massachusetts Boston, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston

Center for Social and Demographic Research on Aging Publications

The Elder Economic Security StandardTM Index (Elder Index) is a measure of the cost of living for older adults in today's economy. The Elder Index helps answer important questions about what it really takes to financially support independent living in later life. For example, what is an adequate income for older adult households to age in place? How does it vary according to life circumstances: whether they are living alone or with a spouse, renting or owning a home? How do older adults’ living costs change as their health status changes?

The Elder Index illustrates how living costs ...


Capitalism And Unfreedom: Louis D. Brandeis And A Liberty Of The Left, Eric L. Apar 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Capitalism And Unfreedom: Louis D. Brandeis And A Liberty Of The Left, Eric L. Apar

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The American Right features a well-developed—and well-heeled—infrastructure for promoting a conception of freedom as inextricable from capitalism. The American Left, by contrast, has seemed content to cede the territory, abandoning the ground of freedom for the terrain of “equality,” “justice,” “fairness,” and “prosperity.” This paper is an effort to address this asymmetry in the public discourse over the meaning of freedom. Its principal objective is to capture the vision of freedom embodied in the political and economic thought of Louis D. Brandeis, one of the American Left’s ablest expositors of freedom.

In addition, the paper has three ...


Social Relationships In Young Offenders: Relevance To Peers, Poverty, And Psychological Adjustment, Victoria Sabo 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Social Relationships In Young Offenders: Relevance To Peers, Poverty, And Psychological Adjustment, Victoria Sabo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The increasing influence of peers in adolescence is related to a developing array of skills, aspirations, attitudes, and behaviours. The nature and magnitude of this influence and the potential association of certain youth with deviant peers is among the most prominent risk factors in predicting youth crime. This becomes of greater concern for economically disadvantaged youth, whose neighbourhoods harbour greater susceptibility to negative peer influence. With social affiliations at the forefront of youth development and criminality, research efforts need to further characterize the nature, constitution, and influence of peers on adolescent offending. Two hundred and eighty-one Canadian youth were sampled ...


The Finney County, Kansas Community Assessment Process: Fact Book, Debra J. Bolton PhD, Shannon L. Dick M.S. 2017 Kansas State University

The Finney County, Kansas Community Assessment Process: Fact Book, Debra J. Bolton Phd, Shannon L. Dick M.S.

Dr. Debra Bolton

This multi-lingual/multi-cultural study was called, Community Assets Processt, by the groups that “commissioned” it: Finnup Foundation, Finney County K-State Research & Extension, Western Kansas Community Foundation, Finney County United Way, Finney County Health Department, United Methodist Community Health Center (UMMAM), Center for Children and Families, Garden City Recreation Commission, and the Garden City Cultural Relations Board, because we intend for this to be an ongoing discussion. An objective, for those promoting the study, was to connect foundation, state, and federal funding with activities or services that addressed the true needs of people living in Finney County. The group was looking for data that would offer insights on ways to address the needs of diverse audiences through human services agencies, County Extension, the schools, churches, and other entities working with community members of Finney County. Initially, an online survey was sent to directors of Finney County’s human service organization/agencies and schools. Directors were asked what sorts of data were required to help them quantify the needs of their client/customer bases. It was from those responses that the committee designed the survey instrument. The objective of the resulting survey instrument was to gather data that would: Identify resources available in Finney County (a Minority-majority county) Identify services needed in the community Capture information regarding well-being of people in Finney County Feature General Demographic (gender, age, race/ethnicity, education, household income) Length of years lived in Finney County Primary and secondary languages spoken at home (the survey was conducted in four (4) languages) Educational needs Health questions (insurance, health conditions, mental health, medical care, etc.) Social and health needs; and Questions to measure community engagement and social involvement Target individuals and groups of varying ages, socio-economic backgrounds, ethnic backgrounds, and religious affiliations. Target survey respondents 18 years or older Keep survey respondents’ identities confidential since the study was approved by Kansas State University’s Institutional Review Board for compliance in Research with Human Subjects. Data were gathered from about 1% of Finney County’s population through surveys and focus groups conducted in four languages better to understand the ...


Emerging Trends And New Frontiers In Community Operational Research, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Gerald Midgley, George Chichirau 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Emerging Trends And New Frontiers In Community Operational Research, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Gerald Midgley, George Chichirau

Michael P. Johnson

Community operational research (COR), and its disciplinary relation, community-based operations research, have an increasingly high profile within multiple domains that benefit from empirical and analytic approaches to problem solving. Many of these areas, as represented by papers in this special issue, are concentrated in human services, community and economic development, education and other non-profit services, and the nature of inquiry tends to be motivated by action research and systems thinking as much as traditional decision modeling. However, there are many other areas of inquiry in which COR has had only a modest presence to date. This paper identifies a number ...


Adversity And Children Experiencing Family Homelessness: Implications For Health, J. J. Cutuli, Sandra M. Ahumada, Janette E. Herbers, Theresa L. Lafavor, Ann S. Masten, Charles N. Oberg 2016 Rutgers University - Camden

Adversity And Children Experiencing Family Homelessness: Implications For Health, J. J. Cutuli, Sandra M. Ahumada, Janette E. Herbers, Theresa L. Lafavor, Ann S. Masten, Charles N. Oberg

J. J. Cutuli

This study tests links between adversity and health problems among children in family emergency housing. Children who experience family homelessness are at risk to also experience high levels of stress, health problems, and need for pediatric care. Understanding the connection between stress and health holds the potential to reduce persistent health disparities. Analyses tested whether experiencing a greater number of stressful life events during the early years of life was related to more health conditions, emergency healthcare utilization, and hospitalizations. Parents noted children’s experience of negative stressful life events, health problems, emergency room (ER) use, and hospitalization. Two cohorts ...


Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon 2016 University of San Francisco

Stroke Outreach In The Lao Community, Noor A. Dythavon

Master's Projects

CNL Abstract

A community health needs assessment for the service area prompted concern regarding access to quality healthcare for non-English speaking Southeast Asians (SEA) in the area. Goals of an initial investigation and subsequent implementation of sustainable stroke health fairs for non-English speaking communities were evaluated to assess primary healthcare concerns that the SEA community face and to suggest long-term solutions to these issues. Initial investigation required researching population-specific minority health statistics to quantify the prevalence of chronic diseases and conditions which were prioritized in terms of needs versus disparities. Research came from evidence base practice guidelines and personal concern ...


Examining The Impact Of Social And Emotional Learning, Jamell Cotto 2016 Goodwin College

Examining The Impact Of Social And Emotional Learning, Jamell Cotto

Human Services Capstones

Connecticut’s disproportionate suspension and expulsion rates plague underserved children. Did you know that Connecticut politicians and researchers are finally turning the curve on a 50 year old deadlock debate regarding disciplinary action within our educational infrastructures? For decades, applying numerical value to intellect and how values are compared, assigned and interpreted has never benefited students with social and emotional deficits. This is called the psychometric approach to intelligence “Based on an assumption that our intelligence can receive a numerical value” (Wechsler, 1938-1958). In the state of Connecticut decades of suspension and expulsion rates plague disenfranchised children and youth with ...


Inclusion And Advocacy For People With Intellectual/ Developmental Disabilities, Katherine Guilmette 2016 Goodwin College

Inclusion And Advocacy For People With Intellectual/ Developmental Disabilities, Katherine Guilmette

Human Services Capstones

A person with Intellectual / Developmental Disabilities (I/DD) is defined as: “a person with a disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disability originated before the age of 18” as stated by The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD, 2013).

All people with disabilities have a right to live, work, socialize and do anything a person without disabilities does! Advocacy occurs in many ways. There is advocating for one’s own needs, advocating for family, advocating as an agency employee, advocating through the ...


Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, Shilla Adyero 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, Shilla Adyero

Capstone Collection

Northern Uganda is still recovering from over two decades of civil war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict created over 1.8 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who sought refuge in camps for 23 years. Around 80% of the affected population are mainly women and children. The displacement in the region caused large-scale loss of social and economic infrastructure, together with the productive resources. This contributed to the erosion of the social and financial capital of the affected areas population, forcing the population to depend on non-sustainable aid and relief services provided by ...


Hunger In America: The Rise And Evolution Of America’S Public/Private Hunger Response Network, A Philadelphia Case Study, Jessica Abrams 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Hunger In America: The Rise And Evolution Of America’S Public/Private Hunger Response Network, A Philadelphia Case Study, Jessica Abrams

Honors Theses (PPE)

Since their emergence in the 1980s, food banks across the country have transformed from small, independent, community-run operations into complex organizations that move millions of pounds of food. In its infancy, this type of hunger response was provided on an “emergency” basis; however, as “emergency food” increasingly became a fundamental part of people’s diets, charitable organizations partnered with large scale government programs, food industry corporations and millions of volunteers. As the system grew, it evolved from a network of church basements to substantial institutions that provide food choice as well as programs intended to address poverty (a root cause ...


Commentary: Battles Won, But War On Vet Homelessness Continues, Christopher R. Fee, Joshua L. Stewart 2016 Gettysburg College

Commentary: Battles Won, But War On Vet Homelessness Continues, Christopher R. Fee, Joshua L. Stewart

English Faculty Publications

In his second inaugural address, Abraham Lincoln called upon Americans "to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan ..." These words have proven so influential that the Department of Veterans Affairs has adopted them as its motto. But how well have we as a nation risen to this call? [excerpt]


Sharing Our Blessings With Those In Need, Christopher R. Fee 2016 Gettysburg College

Sharing Our Blessings With Those In Need, Christopher R. Fee

English Faculty Publications

Each year, National Hunger & Homelessness Awareness Week asks us to think about our most challenged neighbors during the days before Thanksgiving. As we consider our own reasons to be thankful, let us ask ourselves how we may share our blessings with those around us in need of food and shelter. [excerpt]


Abnormal Psychology And Its Relation To The Human Service Field, Bianca Cambrelen 2016 Goodwin College

Abnormal Psychology And Its Relation To The Human Service Field, Bianca Cambrelen

Human Services Capstones

This research paper will discuss how the Human Service field relates to Abnormal Psychology and different mental disorders. Mental health is a part of our emotions, psychological, and social well-being (U.S Department of Health & Human Services). The way we think, feel and act can be altered while living with a mental illness. Mental health can be caused by many different reasons. It can be biological such as genes or brain chemistry, life experiences, trauma, or abuse. There are many different types of mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, personality disorder, and more. Individuals also can suffer from ...


Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, And Our Families, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Staci Gruber Ph.D, John F. Kelly Ph.D, Kathleen M. Palm Reed, Hilary Smith Connery M.D., Ph.D. 2016 Clark University

Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, And Our Families, Denise A. Hines Ph.D, Staci Gruber Ph.D, John F. Kelly Ph.D, Kathleen M. Palm Reed, Hilary Smith Connery M.D., Ph.D.

Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise

Chemical Reactions: Marijuana, Opioids, and Our Families is the seventh Massachusetts Family Impact Seminar. This seminar was designed to emphasize a family perspective in policymaking on issues related to the legalization of marijuana and managing the opioid abuse crisis in the Commonwealth. In general, Family Impact Seminars analyze the consequences an issue, policy, or program may have for families.


The New Community Policing: Developing A Partnership-Based Theoretical Foundation, Adam J. McKee, Andre' L. Lewis 2016 University of Arkansas-Monticello

The New Community Policing: Developing A Partnership-Based Theoretical Foundation, Adam J. Mckee, Andre' L. Lewis

Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies

This paper presents a Partnership Model of Community Policing based on Partnership concepts developed by Riane Eisler and undergirded by Cultural Transformation Theory as a guiding principle (1987, 2010, 2013). This model is more reflective of the daily lived experiences of community police officers. It is culturally relevant and based on the whole of the police officer’s relationship with the community within the context in which the interactions occur. This "New Community Policing" is an extension of Riane Eisler’s Cultural Transformation Theory and is an attempt to answer her call for a movement towards a partnership model of ...


Global Climate Policy Will Have Net Benefits Larger Than Anyone Thinks (And Welfare Gains, Strangely, Are Likely To Be Much Larger Yet), PHILIP E. GRAVES 2016 University of Colorado at Boulder

Global Climate Policy Will Have Net Benefits Larger Than Anyone Thinks (And Welfare Gains, Strangely, Are Likely To Be Much Larger Yet), Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

As with other public goods lacking strong special interest support, global climate policy suffers from two serious theoretical flaws.  The first is failure to endogenize the labor-leisure decision when conducting benefit-cost analysis.  Recognition that income generated will not remain the same pre-and-post policy results in downward bias in benefit estimation.  Much more importantly, there will generally be free riding in input markets in addition to the well-known output demand revelation problem.  Since even households with very high marginal values cannot individually increment public goods, too little income will be generated and too much of the income that is generated will ...


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