Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Science and Technology Policy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

587 Full-Text Articles 614 Authors 209,188 Downloads 69 Institutions

All Articles in Science and Technology Policy

Faceted Search

587 full-text articles. Page 1 of 17.

A Pluralism Worth Having: Feyerabend's Well-Ordered Science, Jamie Shaw 2018 The University of Western Ontario

A Pluralism Worth Having: Feyerabend's Well-Ordered Science, Jamie Shaw

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The goal of this dissertation is to reconstruct, critically evaluate, and apply the pluralism of Paul Feyerabend. I conclude by suggesting future points of contact between Feyerabend’s pluralism and topics of interest in contemporary philosophy of science. I begin, in Chapter 1, by reconstructing Feyerabend’s critical philosophy. I show how his published works from 1948 until 1970 show a remarkably consistent argumentative strategy which becomes more refined and general as Feyerabend’s thought matures. Specifically, I argue that Feyerabend develops a persuasive case against rationalism, or the thesis that there exist normative and exclusive rules of scientific rationality ...


Policy Of Current Hospital Translation Services And Recommendations For Future Adjustments For Spanish-Speaking Patients, Isidora Rose Beach 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Policy Of Current Hospital Translation Services And Recommendations For Future Adjustments For Spanish-Speaking Patients, Isidora Rose Beach

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Us China Trade Dispute Over Intellectual Property, Mozi Luo 2018 San Jose State University

Us China Trade Dispute Over Intellectual Property, Mozi Luo

Master's Projects

How have Section 301 investigations impacted trade relations between China and the U.S. in clean energy area, and between Japan and the U.S. in semiconductor and auto part areas, and does the impact provide a guide for the possible outcome of the upcoming Section 301 investigation of China?

After President Donald Trump’s memorandum on August 14, 2017 stating that China’s behavior regarding intellectual property rights (IPR) and the high technology industries adversely influences the U.S. economy, the United States Trade Representative (USTR) declared the initiation of a section 301 investigation of China on the topic ...


Smarter Crm From A Customer Service Perspective: A Process Evaluation On The City Of San José'S My San Jose Smartphone Application For City Services, Roxanna Moradi 2018 San Jose State University

Smarter Crm From A Customer Service Perspective: A Process Evaluation On The City Of San José'S My San Jose Smartphone Application For City Services, Roxanna Moradi

Master's Projects

This research paper provides background on the City of San José’s smart phone application history and reviews other similar municipal smart phone applications. It also analyzes current literature on implementations of non-emergency service communications and service requests (311). Primarily, this research paper investigates whether the functioning of the My San Jose smartphone application and website platforms are meeting the intended goal of improving the customer experience for city services.

This paper analyzes My San Jose raw service request data to review performance. In addition, this paper analyzes qualitative information gathered from semi-structured interviews of City of San José employees ...


The New Media, Globalization, And The Public Interest: A Conversation With Newton N. Minow (2003), Marcy Murninghan 2018 University of Massachusetts Boston

The New Media, Globalization, And The Public Interest: A Conversation With Newton N. Minow (2003), Marcy Murninghan

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article provides a summary of a weekend-long convocation held in April 2002 that was sponsored by the Coudert Institute in West Palm Beach, Florida. The motto of the nonprofit group, which was founded by Dale Coudert in 2001, is, “Subjects That Matter, with People Who Make a Difference.” Each mid-winter through early-spring season, the nonpartisan and nonideological Coudert Institute organizes conversations and seminars on an eclectic array of topics featuring prominent academics, artists, musicians, and practitioners. The institute’s goal is to spark open and inclusive dialogue directed to critical reflection and enlightenment. This selection contains the fruits of ...


The Accountability Web: Weaving Corporate Accountability And Interactive Technology (2010), Marcy Murninghan, Bill Baue 2018 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Accountability Web: Weaving Corporate Accountability And Interactive Technology (2010), Marcy Murninghan, Bill Baue

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article is a synopsis of and set of recommendations emerging from a research project commissioned in 2009 and culminating in a working paper published in May 2010 by the Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative of the Mossavar–Rahmani Center for Business and Government at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. The project was undertaken in the early days of social media and online interaction. Authors Bill Baue and Marcy Murninghan were designated as research fellows to take an in-depth look at implications produced by the interface between newly emerging interactive technology—at that time called “Web 2 ...


A Naturalist’S Guide To The Great Plains, Paul A. Johnsgard 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Naturalist’S Guide To The Great Plains, Paul A. Johnsgard

Zea E-Books

This book documents nearly 500 US and Canadian locations where wildlife refuges, nature preserves, and similar properties protect natural sites that lie within the North American Great Plains, from Canada’s Prairie Provinces to the Texas-Mexico border. Information on site location, size, biological diversity, and the presence of especially rare or interesting flora and fauna are mentioned, as well as driving directions, mailing addresses, and phone numbers or internet addresses, as available. US federal sites include 11 national grasslands, 13 national parks, 16 national monuments, and more than 70 national wildlife refuges. State properties include nearly 100 state parks and ...


Learning Within The 311 Service Policy Community: Conceptual Framework And Case Study Of Kansas City 311 Program, Xian Gao 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Learning Within The 311 Service Policy Community: Conceptual Framework And Case Study Of Kansas City 311 Program, Xian Gao

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The 311 non-emergency service system differs from traditional public service delivery in the unique emphasis on citizen participation and extensive use of data and technology. It is a policy community involves a diversity of actors, embraces the reactions among them, and cultivates necessary information, knowledge, and interests. Learning within the 311 service policy community is a process that the above resources of actors are devoted to the 311 system, in forms of service and information requests and relevant collaboration toward increased service efficiency and effectiveness. Previous scholarship on policy community and policy learning paid little attention to public service delivery ...


Seniors Living With Alzheimer's Disease And Dementia: The Promise Of App Technology, Angelica Lu 2018 University of Windsor

Seniors Living With Alzheimer's Disease And Dementia: The Promise Of App Technology, Angelica Lu

Major Papers

The purpose of this paper considers the potential of seniors with Alzheimer’s Disease and dementia using “apps” on Mobile Application Technology that may assist their daily issues. Based on the Ontario 2017 budget, the government’s plan to improve health care services by providing additional funding will significantly impact citizens who use these services on a regular basis. Unfortunately, the number of Canadian citizens that will develop Alzheimer’s and dementia are projected to double in the next decade. Because of this projection, the Dementia Strategy is meant to assist those affected by the illness as well as ensuring ...


The Pursuit Of Innovation: An Analysis Of International Competitive Advantage In A Globalized Knowledge Economy, Tanay Gupte 2018 Claremont McKenna College

The Pursuit Of Innovation: An Analysis Of International Competitive Advantage In A Globalized Knowledge Economy, Tanay Gupte

CMC Senior Theses

With the advent of the internet age, the way in which global society interacts with technology has changed dramatically. The instantaneous availability of information and connectivity, signal the rise of a knowledge economy. This is a system in which the most valuable resource, to nations and private enterprise, is knowledge. This thesis argues that value is created through knowledge flows, which result in innovation and technological advancement. This technological advancement is the primary determinant of a nation’s global competitive advantage in a globalized knowledge economy. This thesis then posits that these innovations are fostered by institutional, social, cultural, economic ...


Organising Stakeholder Workshops In Research And Innovation – Between Theory And Practice, Morten V. Nielsen, Nina Bryndum, Bjørn Bedsted 2017 University College Absalon

Organising Stakeholder Workshops In Research And Innovation – Between Theory And Practice, Morten V. Nielsen, Nina Bryndum, Bjørn Bedsted

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article addresses the theory and practice of creating responsiveness among actors through deliberative dialogue processes with stakeholders from diverse institutional settings. The EU’s decision to mainstream stakeholder deliberation in research and innovation, as part of its focus on responsible research and innovation (RRI), creates a new potential for experimentation and integration of deliberative processes. The article presents a list of essential considerations for three steps in the workshop process: planning and design, workshop interaction and the gathering of conclusions. Finally, the article illustrates the challenges of applying theory to five European stakeholder workshops co-organised by the authors. The ...


Review Of: "Escape From The Ivory Tower: A Guide To Making Your Science Matter", By Nancy Baron, Mark W. Neff 2017 Western Washington University

Review Of: "Escape From The Ivory Tower: A Guide To Making Your Science Matter", By Nancy Baron, Mark W. Neff

Mark Neff

Collectively, ecologists produce a staggering amount of information each year. Using the Web of Science Journal Citation Reports subject classification to define the field of ecology, our discipline comprises 129 ecology-specific journals that in 2009 published an astounding 14 280 articles. How much of that information is being used by policymakers? How much is potentially useful to those audiences? The message in Nancy Baron’s new book, Escape from the ivory tower: a guide to making your science matter, is that all of it could be taken up by the media, publicized, and utilized by policymakers if only we could ...


Scientists, Managers, And Assisted Colonization: Four Contrasting Perspectives Entangle Science And Policy, Mark W. Neff, Brendon M. H. Larson 2017 Western Washington University

Scientists, Managers, And Assisted Colonization: Four Contrasting Perspectives Entangle Science And Policy, Mark W. Neff, Brendon M. H. Larson

Mark Neff

Assisted colonization is a contentious climate change adaptation strategy, but we have limited understanding of the bases of disagreement amongst scientists and far less has been done to understand the views of other stakeholders. To establish an initial empirical understanding of the terms of the debate, we conducted a Q method study of the views of scientists and resource managers, a key constituency because of their role in decisionmaking and implementation. We asked 24 forest managers in Ontario, Canada and 26 top-publishing ecologists and conservation biologists to evaluate their level of agreement with 33 statements about assisted colonization from the ...


Trends In The Environmental Health Job Market For New Graduates, Jason W. Marion, Timothy J. Murphy PhD, Anne Marie Zimeri PhD 2017 Eastern Kentucky University

Trends In The Environmental Health Job Market For New Graduates, Jason W. Marion, Timothy J. Murphy Phd, Anne Marie Zimeri Phd

EKU Faculty and Staff Scholarship

The question of whether the job market can support future graduates of environmental health programs remains an important and difficult question for environmental health programs, current and prospective students, parents, and other stakeholders. Our previous report using 2014 data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics demonstrated anticipated growth and higher than average pay in the profession through at least 2022 for baccalaureate degree holders (Marion & Sinde, 2015). Growth in the profession does not necessarily translate into job availability if the market is saturated with job candidates. While university programs produce graduates, local health departments (LHDs) have suffered tremendous ...


Stakeholders' Views On Data Sharing In Multicenter Studies, Kathleen M. Mazor, Allison Richards, Mia Gallagher, David E. Arterburn, Marsha A. Raebel, W. Benjamin Nowell, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Andrea R. Paolino, Sengwee Toh 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Stakeholders' Views On Data Sharing In Multicenter Studies, Kathleen M. Mazor, Allison Richards, Mia Gallagher, David E. Arterburn, Marsha A. Raebel, W. Benjamin Nowell, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Andrea R. Paolino, Sengwee Toh

Open Access Articles

AIM: To understand stakeholders' views on data sharing in multicenter comparative effectiveness research studies and the value of privacy-protecting methods.

MATERIALS and METHODS: Semistructured interviews with five US stakeholder groups.

RESULTS: We completed 11 interviews, involving patients (n = 15), researchers (n = 10), Institutional Review Board and regulatory staff (n = 3), multicenter research governance experts (n = 2) and healthcare system leaders (n = 4). Perceptions of the benefits and value of research were the strongest influences toward data sharing; cost and security risks were primary influences against sharing. Privacy-protecting methods that share summary-level data were acknowledged as being appealing, but there were ...


Environmental Advocacy: Insights From East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad 2017 Wesleyan University

Environmental Advocacy: Insights From East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad


Environmental advocacy in East Asia takes place in a context where there are few well-funded professional advocacy organisations, no viable green parties, and governments that are highly pro-business. In this advocacy-hostile environment, what strategies are environmental organizations using to promote better environmental outcomes?  Using an original database of environmental organizations and interviews with activists and officials throughout the region, this paper investigates which strategies are most common and compares them to the advocacy strategies found in the United States.  It finds, perhaps surprisingly, that (a) environmental organizations across East Asia employ similar advocacy strategies even though they are operating in ...


Risk Regulation At The Federal Level: Administrative Procedure Constraints And Opportunities, Jeffrey S. Lubbers 2017 Selected Works

Risk Regulation At The Federal Level: Administrative Procedure Constraints And Opportunities, Jeffrey S. Lubbers

Jeffrey Lubbers

An introduction to the legal framework within which employees of the "twigs" on our fourth branch of government must operate. Particular attention is given to research sponsored by the Administrative Conference of the United States which has dealt with, for example, process problems in resolving specific issues and in building consensus on broad policy matters. [Excerpt] “Administrative agencies - the "twigs" on our fourth branch of government - are established to handle the details of administration deemed too painstaking, technically complex or even controversial for direct Congressional or Presidential involvement. In the current government structure, sometimes called the "modem administrative state," these ...


Economic Evaluation Of Coastal Land Loss In Louisiana, Stephen R. Barnes, Craig Bond, Nicholas Burger, Kate Anania, Aaron Strong, Sarah Weilant, Stephanie Virgets 2017 Louisiana State University

Economic Evaluation Of Coastal Land Loss In Louisiana, Stephen R. Barnes, Craig Bond, Nicholas Burger, Kate Anania, Aaron Strong, Sarah Weilant, Stephanie Virgets

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Louisiana has lost approximately 1,880 square miles of land over the past eighty years. Projections suggest that in a future without action, the next fifty years could result in the loss of 1,750 additional square miles of land area. As land loss continues, a large portion of the natural and man-made capital stocks of coastal Louisiana will be at greater risk of damage, either from land loss or from the associated increase in storm damage. We estimate the replacement cost of capital stock directly at risk from land loss ranges from approximately $2.1 billion to $3.5 ...


Information Sharing, Transparency, And E-Governance Among County Government Offices In Southeastern Michigan, Lawrence Bosek 2017 Northern Michigan University

Information Sharing, Transparency, And E-Governance Among County Government Offices In Southeastern Michigan, Lawrence Bosek

All NMU Master's Theses

The Internet has given rise to the availability of information at our fingertips. While the public, particularly consumers, are more commonly described as being the leading users and beneficiaries of electronic information services, businesses and governments are also players in the arena for sharing official information. Information can be easily stored on Internet websites for the public, businesses, and other governmental offices to search and peruse when needed. This study examined the ease of locating county governmental information, such as contact information for public officials and financial reports, and surveyed elected county officials for purposes of identifying how information is ...


Beyond The Protective Effect: Towards A Theory Of Harm For Information Communication Technologies In Mass Atrocity Response, Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, Nathaniel A. Raymond 2017 University of Oslo

Beyond The Protective Effect: Towards A Theory Of Harm For Information Communication Technologies In Mass Atrocity Response, Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, Nathaniel A. Raymond

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) are now being employed as a standard part of mass atrocity response, evidence collection, and research by non-governmental organizations, governments, and the private sector. Deployment of these tools and techniques occur for a variety of stated reasons, most notably the ostensible goal of “protecting” vulnerable populations. However, these often experimental applications of ICTs and digital data are occurring in the absence of agreed normative frameworks and accepted theory to guide their ethical and responsible use. This article surveys the current state-of-the-art of ICT use in mass atrocity response and research to identify harms and hazards inherent ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress