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Dawn Or Doom: The Risks And Rewards Of Emerging Technologies, Diana Hancock, Steve Tally, Gerry McCartney, Michele Arthur 2016 Purdue University

Dawn Or Doom: The Risks And Rewards Of Emerging Technologies, Diana Hancock, Steve Tally, Gerry Mccartney, Michele Arthur

Purdue P-12 Networking Summit & Poster Session

Dawn or Doom is a free and open to the public conference at Purdue where we focus on benefits and risks surrounding some of the technologies that are both the most disruptive to current practices and being adopted the fastest. A collection of Purdue faculty experts and some outside speakers showcase their many perspectives related to this technology explosion, explore conditions that will foster innovation and investment into the next generation, and address the big-picture issues where both optimism and pessimism are warranted.


The Development Of U.S. Agricultural Research And Education: An Economic Perspective, Wallace E. Huffman, Robert E. Evenson 2016 Iowa State University

The Development Of U.S. Agricultural Research And Education: An Economic Perspective, Wallace E. Huffman, Robert E. Evenson

Wallace Huffman

This Centennial year of the Hatch Act, which established state agri cultural experiment stations in the United States, provides an opportunity to reflect on the beginning, development, growth, and impacts of agricultural research and education in the United States, Public sector agricultural research started in the United States in the mid-19th century. Private sector inventive activity started even earlier. Major landmarks in public sector institutions for agricultural research were the establishment of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1862, the Morrill Act of 1862 giving federal land-grants to each state for the support of a college to teach agri ...


The Development Of U.S. Agricultural Research And Education: An Economic Perspective, Wallace E. Huffman, Robert E. Evenson 2016 Iowa State University

The Development Of U.S. Agricultural Research And Education: An Economic Perspective, Wallace E. Huffman, Robert E. Evenson

Wallace Huffman

This Centennial year of the Hatch Act, which established state agricultural experiment stations in the United States, provides an opportunity to reflect on the beginning, development, growth, and impacts ,of agricultural research and education in the United States. Public sector agricultural research started in the United States in the mid-19th century. Private sector inventive activity started even earlier. Major landmarks in public sector institutions for agricultural research were the establishment of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1862, the Morrill Act of 1862 giving federal land-grants to each state for the support of a college to teach agri culture ...


Nuclear Waste Burial In Canada? The Political Controversy Over The Proposal To Construct A Deep Geologic Repository, Erika Simpson 2016 Western University

Nuclear Waste Burial In Canada? The Political Controversy Over The Proposal To Construct A Deep Geologic Repository, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

Canada’s newly minted federal minister of the environment, Catherine McKenna, decided on February 18, 2016 to delay the federal government’s decision on a proposal to construct a permanent repository for nuclear waste beneath the Bruce nuclear site, little more than a kilometre from Lake Huron. Officially called a ‘deep geologic repository’, or DGR, the facility is the brainchild of Ontario Power Generation. While it would not store fuel rods from nuclear plants, it would take in all other types of low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes including concrete, equipment and protective gear from the continued operation and planned refurbishment ...


The Future Of Patient Engagement In The Governance Of Shared Data, Carolyn Petersen 2016 Mayo Clinic

The Future Of Patient Engagement In The Governance Of Shared Data, Carolyn Petersen

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Background: The emerging health care system increasingly values patient engagement and shared decision-making between patients and their providers. The practice of these values is gaining importance as the patient-centered medical home model and personalized medicine come into greater use.

Opportunity for Improvement: Exploration of patient preferences about personal health data use for research and quality improvement is a fundamental element of the provider-patient relationship. Giving patients an explicit opportunity to discuss their options about use of their data and implementing a process that allows patients to receive desired communications about how their information is used can help build patient trust ...


Promising Innovation Policy [Kansrijk Innovatiebeleid , In Dutch], Tatiana Kiseleva, Bastiaan Overvest, Bas Straathof, Henk Kox 2016 Selected Works

Promising Innovation Policy [Kansrijk Innovatiebeleid , In Dutch], Tatiana Kiseleva, Bastiaan Overvest, Bas Straathof, Henk Kox

Henk LM Kox

The study reviews Dutch innovation policy and potentially promising new avenues in this policy in the light of the recent international literature. Separate chapters review fiscal incentives for R&D, finance for innovative companies, the role of bridging institutes for applied sciences, policy-targeted top sectors, and the use of public procurement and innovation prizes.


Promising Innovation Policy [Kansrijk Innovatiebeleid , In Dutch], Tatiana Kiseleva, Bastiaan Overvest, Bas Straathof, Henk Kox 2016 Selected Works

Promising Innovation Policy [Kansrijk Innovatiebeleid , In Dutch], Tatiana Kiseleva, Bastiaan Overvest, Bas Straathof, Henk Kox

Henk LM Kox

The study reviews Dutch innovation policy and potentially promising new avenues in this policy in the light of the recent international literature. Separate chapters review fiscal incentives for R&D, finance for innovative companies, the role of bridging institutes for applied sciences, policy-targeted top sectors, and the use of public procurement and innovation prizes.


Knowledge Creation In Collaboration Networks: Effects Of Tie Configuration, Jian Wang 2016 KU Leuven

Knowledge Creation In Collaboration Networks: Effects Of Tie Configuration, Jian Wang

Jian Wang

This paper studies the relationship between egocentric collaboration networks and knowledge creation at the individual level. For egocentric networks we focus on the characteristics of tie strength and tie configuration, and knowledge creation is assessed by the number of citations. Using a panel of 1042 American scientists in five disciplines and fixed effects models, we found an inverted U-shaped relationship between network average tie strength and citation impact, because an increase in tie strength on the one hand facilitates the collaborative knowledge creation process and on the other hand decreases cognitive diversity. In addition, when the network average tie strength ...


Responses To Change In The Global Political Economy Of Innovation – The Role Of Sub-National States In Industrial Transition, Dan Herman 2016 Balsillie School of International Affairs, Wilfrid Laurier University

Responses To Change In The Global Political Economy Of Innovation – The Role Of Sub-National States In Industrial Transition, Dan Herman

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This dissertation seeks to explore how sub-national levels of the state promote the development of new industrial sectors. To do so this dissertation builds on a series of theoretical perspectives on the role of the state in the economy and develops a unique view of how sub-national states coalesce and contrast within these perspectives. It does so through a series of empirical case studies focused on sub-national jurisdictions in North America that highlight diverse varieties of state actions that contribute, if not lead, industrial transitions and the development of new innovation-oriented industrial sectors. In so doing, the dissertation presents a ...


Low Carbon Innovation And Enterprise Growth In The Uk: Challenges Of A Place-Blind Policy Mix, Elvira Uyarra, Philip Shapira, Alan Harding 2015 University of Manchester

Low Carbon Innovation And Enterprise Growth In The Uk: Challenges Of A Place-Blind Policy Mix, Elvira Uyarra, Philip Shapira, Alan Harding

Philip Shapira

This paper uses a policy mix approach to examine the institutional and governance issues arising from the UK's support for innovation in low carbon manufacturing sectors. The paper draws on interviews with managers of small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises as well as policy practitioners and industry experts. The analysis of these interviews highlights issues in the multi-scalar design and delivery of these policies, including gaps and tensions in the policy mix, as well as the importance, and relative neglect of, regional institutional entrepreneurship in driving change. We find that coherence and consistency in UK low-carbon innovation policy is lacking ...


Navigating The Innovation Trajectories Of Technology By Combining Specialization Score Analyses For Publications And Patents: Graphene And Nano-Enabled Drug Delivery, Seokbeom Kwon, Alan Porter, Jan Youtie 2015 Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus

Navigating The Innovation Trajectories Of Technology By Combining Specialization Score Analyses For Publications And Patents: Graphene And Nano-Enabled Drug Delivery, Seokbeom Kwon, Alan Porter, Jan Youtie

Jan Youtie

In this study, we combine the specialization scores for publications and patents (the latter is a new indicator of cross-disciplinary engagement) to achieve more comprehensive navigation of the innovation trajectory of a technology. The patent specialization score draws upon counterpart research publication indicator concepts to measure patent diversity. Two nano-based technologies—Nano-enabled drug delivery (NEDD) and Graphene—
provide contrasting explorations of the behavior of this indicator, alongside research publication indicators. Results show distinctive patterns of the two technologies and for the respective publication and patent indicators. NEDD research, as evidenced by publication and citation patterns, engages highly diverse research fields ...


Big Data In The Social Sciencespreprint.Pdf, Jan Youtie, Alan Porter 2015 Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus

Big Data In The Social Sciencespreprint.Pdf, Jan Youtie, Alan Porter

Jan Youtie

Recent emerging technology policies seek to diminish negative impacts while equitably and responsibly accruing and distributing benefits.  Social scientists play a role in these policies, but relatively little quantitative research has been performed to study how social scientists inform the assessment of emerging technologies. This paper addresses this gap by examining social science research on “Big Data” – an emerging technology of wide interest. This paper analyzes a dataset of fields extracted from 488 social science and humanities papers written about Big Data. Our focus is on understanding the multi-dimensional nature of societal assessment by examining the references upon which these ...


Trouble In Paradise: Problems In Academic Research Co-Authoring, Barry Bozeman, Jan Youtie 2015 Arizona State University

Trouble In Paradise: Problems In Academic Research Co-Authoring, Barry Bozeman, Jan Youtie

Jan Youtie

Scholars and policy-makers have expressed concerns about the crediting of coauthors in research publications. Most such problems fall into one of two categories, excluding deserving contributors or including undeserving ones. But our research shows that there is no consensus on ‘‘deserving’’ or on what type of contribution suffices for co-authorship award. Our study uses qualitative data, including interviews with 60 US academic science or engineering researchers in 14 disciplines in a set of geographically distributed research-intensive universities. We also employ data from 161 website posts provided by 93 study participants, again US academic scientists. We examine a variety of factors ...


Designing The New American University By Michael Crow And William Dabars: A Primer For Technology Transfer Academics, Agencies, And Administrators, Craig Boardman 2015 Selected Works

Designing The New American University By Michael Crow And William Dabars: A Primer For Technology Transfer Academics, Agencies, And Administrators, Craig Boardman

Craig Boardman

You should read this book if you identify with one or more of the following groups. The first group is the academic readership of The Journal of Technology Transfer, mostly organizational economists and policy analysts, who should read the book because it presents some compelling ideas for research and theory. The second audience is the journal’s policy making readership concerned with return-on-investment from universities, who should view the institutional design process touted by the authors with skepticism. The third audience is comprised of university administrators, who might be inspired by the book to reevaluate what they’re doing structurally ...


Crowdsourcing Global Wastewater Data, Don Mosteller, Sam Cohen, Cory Nestor, Angel Hsu, Omar Malik 2015 Environmental Performance Index, Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy

Crowdsourcing Global Wastewater Data, Don Mosteller, Sam Cohen, Cory Nestor, Angel Hsu, Omar Malik

Yale Day of Data

No time to waste: Crowdsourcing global wastewater treatment data

Worldwide, over 80 percent of wastewater is discharged into water bodies without undergoing treatment, severely impairing human well-being and ecosystem vitality along the way. National performance on wastewater treatment is difficult to quantify and is poorly understood due to a lack of common definitions, poor data collection standards, and limited historical data. To address this, the Yale Environmental Performance Index (EPI), a research group that produces a biennial ranking of country-level environmental performance, developed a first-of-its kind national wastewater treatment indicator.[1]

The indicator assesses wastewater treatment performance for 183 countries ...


Toward A Sustainable Biomedical Research Enterprise: Finding Consensus And Implementing Recommendations, Christopher L. Pickett, Benjamin W. Corb, C. Robert Matthews, Wesley I. Sundquist, Jeremy M. Berg 2015 American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Toward A Sustainable Biomedical Research Enterprise: Finding Consensus And Implementing Recommendations, Christopher L. Pickett, Benjamin W. Corb, C. Robert Matthews, Wesley I. Sundquist, Jeremy M. Berg

Open Access Articles

The US research enterprise is under significant strain due to stagnant funding, an expanding workforce, and complex regulations that increase costs and slow the pace of research. In response, a number of groups have analyzed the problems and offered recommendations for resolving these issues. However, many of these recommendations lacked follow-up implementation, allowing the damage of stagnant funding and outdated policies to persist. Here, we analyze nine reports published since the beginning of 2012 and consolidate over 250 suggestions into eight consensus recommendations made by the majority of the reports. We then propose how to implement these consensus recommendations, and ...


L’Investimento Pubblico In Banda Larga Nelle Aree Rurali. Un Reality Check Dell’Esperienza Italiana, Rossella Lehnus, Nicola Matteucci 2015 Marche Polytechnic University - DiSES

L’Investimento Pubblico In Banda Larga Nelle Aree Rurali. Un Reality Check Dell’Esperienza Italiana, Rossella Lehnus, Nicola Matteucci

Nicola Matteucci

Il presente lavoro rappresenta una prima riflessione sulla logica strategica e sulla qualità dell’implementazione delle politiche italiane per la BL rurale di prima generazione. Nel dettaglio, il lavoro si concentra sulle aree rurali intermedie e con problemi complessivi di sviluppo (macro-categorie C e D di cui al Psn 2007-13), e sull’impiego dei fondi europei per lo sviluppo rurale Feasr.


Graphene Research And Enterprise: Mapping Innovation And Business Growth In A Strategic Emerging Technology, Philip Shapira, Abdullah Gök, Fatemeh Salehi Yazdi 2015 University of Manchester

Graphene Research And Enterprise: Mapping Innovation And Business Growth In A Strategic Emerging Technology, Philip Shapira, Abdullah Gök, Fatemeh Salehi Yazdi

Philip Shapira

This paper presents the results of research to develop new data sources and methods that can be combined with existing information for real-time intelligence to understand and map enterprise development and commercialisation in a rapidly emerging and growing new technology. As a demonstration case, the study examines enterprise development and commercialisation strategies in graphene, focusing on a set of 65 graphene-based small and medium-sized enterprises located in 16 different countries. We draw on available secondary sources and bibliometric methods to profile developments in graphene. We then use computerised data mining methods and analytical techniques, including cluster and regression modelling, to ...


Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, Brian Thomas 2015 Ursinus College

Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, Brian Thomas

Politics Summer Fellows

Contemporary mainstream discussions of the Supreme Court are often qualified with the warning that the nine justices are out of touch with everyday American life, especially when it comes to the newest and most popular technologies. For instance, during oral argument for City of Ontario v. Quon, a 2010 case that dealt with sexting on government-issued devices, Chief Justice John Roberts famously asked what the difference was “between email and a pager,” and Justice Antonin Scalia wondered if the “spicy little conversations” held via text message could be printed and distributed. While these comments have garnered a great deal of ...


Games Are Not Coffee Mugs: Games And The Right Of Publicity, 29 Santa Clara Computer & High Tech. L.J. 1 (2012), William Ford, Raizel Liebler 2015 John Marshall Law School

Games Are Not Coffee Mugs: Games And The Right Of Publicity, 29 Santa Clara Computer & High Tech. L.J. 1 (2012), William Ford, Raizel Liebler

William K. Ford

Are games more like coffee mugs, posters, and T-shirts, or are they more like books, magazines, and films? For purposes of the right of publicity, the answer matters. The critical question is whether games should be treated as merchandise or as expression. Three classic judicial decisions, decided in 1967, 1970, and 1973, held that the defendants needed permission to use the plaintiffs' names in their board games. These decisions judicially confirmed that games are merchandise, not something equivalent to more traditional media of expression. As merchandise, games are not like books; instead, they are akin to celebrity-embossed coffee mugs. To ...


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