Is Corn Ethanol A Low-Carbon Fuel?, 2017 Iowa State University
Is Corn Ethanol A Low-Carbon Fuel?, Bruce A. Babcock, Ofir Rubin, Hongli Feng
Reports of disappearing glaciers, shrinking arctic ice, rising sea levels, stronger hurricanes, and unprecedented European heat waves combined with an inexorable buildup in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels is increasing pressure on governments to respond with new greenhouse gas initiatives. California and other states are providing policy leadership in the United States
Economic Evaluation Of Coastal Land Loss In Louisiana, 2017 Louisiana State University
Economic Evaluation Of Coastal Land Loss In Louisiana, Stephen R. Barnes, Craig Bond, Nicholas Burger, Kate Anania, Aaron Strong, Sarah Weilant, Stephanie Virgets
Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
Louisiana has lost approximately 1,880 square miles of land over the past eighty years. Projections suggest that in a future without action, the next fifty years could result in the loss of 1,750 additional square miles of land area. As land loss continues, a large portion of the natural and man-made capital stocks of coastal Louisiana will be at greater risk of damage, either from land loss or from the associated increase in storm damage. We estimate the replacement cost of capital stock directly at risk from land loss ranges from approximately $2.1 billion to $3.5 ...
Examining The Effects Of Policy Interventions On Increasing Electric Vehicle Adoption In California, 2017 University of San Francisco
Examining The Effects Of Policy Interventions On Increasing Electric Vehicle Adoption In California, Ethan G. Mcdermott
Master's Projects and Capstones
Any significant effort to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gasses must address the growing concern of the transportation sector’s inability to meaningfully reduce its emissions contribution. A major shift in the primary fuel used in the sector away from petroleum-based fuel to electricity is one potential way the sector can lower its emissions and transition into a sustainable future. However, a number of barriers face the electric vehicle market, including competing against an already mature vehicle market, battling consumer preferences, and overcoming technical challenges. This paper examines several policy proposals to combat these barriers and examines the impact similar ...
The State Of Coal In Wyoming, 2017 University of Wyoming
The State Of Coal In Wyoming, Sidney A. Smith
Honors Theses AY 16/17
Coal has been part of Wyoming’s economy since the late 1800s and continues to have a major influence on the state. Since mining began, trends of rising and falling prices for coal have created economic instability. Currently, Wyoming’s coal industry is experiencing a downturn, leading to lay-offs and financial hardship for the state and municipalities. The Wyoming legislature has attempted to invigorate the industry through several pieces of legislation. Some of these include increasing the purview of the Wyoming Infrastructure Authority, funding the Integrated Technology Center in Gillette, and preventing new taxation on the industry. Governor Matt Mead ...
Renewable Resources And Regional Governance: Policy Implementation And Negotiation Of Authority In Western Electricity Markets, Stephanie S. Lenhart
Boise State University Theses and Dissertations
In response to energy policies and technological innovation, electricity systems are becoming more integrated and interdependent. In the Western United States, the creation of an energy imbalance market (EIM) is a significant move towards electricity grid integration. The question of how to govern this newly forming market has been deliberated in multiple decision-making venues. Through these deliberations, stakeholders engaged in the process of policy implementation and shaped the structure of the EIM as a policy intervention. To understand how this initiative unfolded and why this effort succeeded where others failed, this research explores policy implementation as the outcome of the ...
Structures, Norms, And Renewable Energy Policy: A Comparative Analysis Of The Driving Forces Behind Energy Policymaking In The United States And Denmark, 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut
Structures, Norms, And Renewable Energy Policy: A Comparative Analysis Of The Driving Forces Behind Energy Policymaking In The United States And Denmark, Elise Ogden
Senior Theses and Projects
The 1973 OPEC Oil Embargo served as a wake-up call for many highly oil dependent countries, including the United States and Denmark. In the wake of the 1973 oil crisis, the U.S. and Denmark had very different policy responses. Denmark identified oil itself as the underlying issue, and quickly transitioned to alternative energy sources, including wind. Today, Denmark is a global leader in renewable energy usage and sustainability. The United States, on the other hand, saw foreign reliance on oil as the main issue, and moved to develop domestic oil reserves rather than transitioning to alternative sources. Today, the ...
Falta De Derechos Humanos Y Violencia: La Crisis Ambiental En América Latina, 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut
Falta De Derechos Humanos Y Violencia: La Crisis Ambiental En América Latina, Vincent J. Gandolfo Iii
Senior Theses and Projects
The purpose of this research is to identify the growing problems associated with environmental degradation in Latin America. For decades, a combination of corrupt governments and lack of environmental legislation has allowed large companies to exploit the environmental resources of many different Latin American countries. Latin America is an extremely biodiverse region of the world and environmental resources are valuable. Large companies have monopolized environmental resources for profit, which has caused protests and violence. Most these large international companies have been allowed to harvest valuable resources, pollute the environment, and leave without any consequences. Because many Latin American governments prioritize ...
Dismantling The Climate Denial Machine: Theory And Methods, 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut
Dismantling The Climate Denial Machine: Theory And Methods, David A. Mickolas
Senior Theses and Projects
Many Americans do not believe in the existence of climate change, and even those who believe climate change exists often seriously underestimate its potential harms as predicted by the world's best scientific organizations. Most political scholars agree that much higher consensus among American citizens is necessary to create necessary policy reform to mitigate climate change, both in the US and at large. However, there are also organizations who actively wish to deter and decrease belief in climate change among US citizens, not for the sake of scientific skepticism, but for personal benefit from preventing policy reform. This text examines ...
The Value Of Statistical Life For College Students In The Context Of Death By Homicide, 2017 College of William and Mary
The Value Of Statistical Life For College Students In The Context Of Death By Homicide, Brandon Posner
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The Value of Statistical Life (VSL) is used in policy analysis to calculate the benefit of risk-reducing policy initiatives. College students are currently overlooked in the literature, for no college student-specific VSL estimate exists. In this study, I discuss why VSL estimates for the general population cannot be applied to college students. I also derive a college student-specific VSL using a willingness-to-pay survey. I found that payment vehicle has a large impact on students’ willingness-to-pay for risk reduction, and college student VSLs are substantially lower than those of the general population.
On Renewable Energy And Climate, Trump Voters Stand Apart, 2017 University of New Hampshire
On Renewable Energy And Climate, Trump Voters Stand Apart, Lawrence C. Hamilton
The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository
In this brief, author Larry Hamilton discusses the results of pre- and post-election Polar, Environment, and Science surveys carried out by Carsey School researchers in August and November–December 2016, asking people about their general views on climate change and renewable energy. Almost three-fourths of Americans surveyed said that renewable energy should be a higher national priority than more drilling for oil. About two-thirds agree with the scientific consensus that humans are changing Earth’s climate. Priority for renewable energy development and recognition of human-caused climate change are majority opinions within every voter group except Trump supporters. On renewable energy ...
Rethinking Western Water Law: Instream Flows, 2017 Selected Works
Rethinking Western Water Law: Instream Flows, Reed D. Benson
Reed D. Benson
Presenter: Reed D. Benson, University of New Mexico School of Law 1 page.
The Impact Of Removing Tax Preferences For U.S. Oil And Gas Production, 2016 Tufts University
The Impact Of Removing Tax Preferences For U.S. Oil And Gas Production, Gilbert E. Metcalf
Gilbert E. Metcalf
Religion, Administration & Public Goods: Experimental Evidence From Russia, 2016 University of California - Berkeley
Religion, Administration & Public Goods: Experimental Evidence From Russia, Theocharis N. Grigoriadis
Cancer-Risk Benefits Of Clean Fuel Technology And Policy: A Statistical Analysis, 2016 Iowa State University
Cancer-Risk Benefits Of Clean Fuel Technology And Policy: A Statistical Analysis, Paul Gallagher, William Lazarus, Hosein Shapouri, Roger Conway, James Duffield
The hypothesis of this study is that there is a statistical relationship between the lung cancer mortality rate and the intensity of fuel consumption (measured in gallons/square mile) at a particular location. We estimate cross-section regressions of the mortality rate due to lung cancer against the intensity of fuel consumption using local data for the entire US, before the US Clean Air Act (CAA) in 1974 and after the most recent policy revisions in 2004. The cancer rate improvement estimate suggests that up to 10 lung cancer deaths per 100,000 residents are avoided in the largest urban areas ...
Cardiovascular Disease—Risk Benefits Of Clean Fuel Technology And Policy: A Statistical Analysis, 2016 Iowa State University
Cardiovascular Disease—Risk Benefits Of Clean Fuel Technology And Policy: A Statistical Analysis, Paul Gallagher, William Lazarus, Hosein Shapouri, Roger Conway, Fantu Bachewe, Amelia Fischer
The hypothesis of this study is that there is a statistical relationship between the cardiovascular disease mortality rate and the intensity of fuel consumption (measured in gallons/square mile) at a particular location. We estimate cross-sectional regressions of the mortality rate due to cardiovascular disease against the intensity of fuel consumption using local data for the entire US, before the US Clean Air Act (CAA) in 1974 and after the most recent policy revisions in 2004. The cardiovascular disease rate improvement estimate suggests that up to 60 cardiovascular disease deaths per 100,000 residents are avoided in the largest urban ...
Some Long-Run Effects Of Growing Markets And Renewable Fuel Standards On Additives Markets And The Us Ethanol Industry, Paul W. Gallagher, Hosein Shapouri, Jeffrey Price, Guenter Schamel, Heather Brubaker
The effects of likely regulatory and policy changes in the US gasoline and additives market are compared to a reference baseline. The baseline reflects existing EPA policies about fuel quality regulation and likely petroleum and gasoline expansions. The market and welfare effects are presented for implementing a renewable fuel standard; imposing a national ban on the additive MTBE; and removing the oxygen standard for reformulated fuel. Market and welfare estimates are based on adjusting product market demands and factor supplies. Product market and price analyses include quality-differentiated products, such as refinery gasoline, chemical additives and ethanol at the wholesale level ...
Solar Urban Planning: Addressing Barriers And Conflicts Specific To Renewable Energy Policy And The Current Field And Practice Of Urban Planning Within The Context Of A Changing Climate, 2016 SIT Graduate Institute
Solar Urban Planning: Addressing Barriers And Conflicts Specific To Renewable Energy Policy And The Current Field And Practice Of Urban Planning Within The Context Of A Changing Climate, Toryl P. Hanna
The world is in a period of rapid urbanization while experiencing unprecedented rise in global temperature as a result of climate change. Questions have been raised as to how strategies for urbanization will be able to address the fetish for energy, while halting carbon emissions produced by traditional energy sources for urban inhabitants around the world. First, this paper seeks to look to cities, at the intersection of solar energy and the field of urban planning, looking into the opportunities and challenges that are currently surfacing. Conflicts and barriers in traditional urban land use patterns emerge as a topic of ...
Fuel Subsidy Pass-Through And Market Structure: Evidence From The Renewable Fuel Standard, 2016 Iowa State University
Fuel Subsidy Pass-Through And Market Structure: Evidence From The Renewable Fuel Standard, Gabriel E. Lade, James Bushnell
CARD Working Papers
The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) is among the largest renewable energy mandates in the world. The policy is enforced using tradeable credits that implicitly subsidize biofuels and tax fossil fuels. The RFS relies on these taxes and subsidies to be passed through to consumers to stimulate demand for biofuels and decrease demand for gasoline and diesel. Using station-level prices for E85 (a high-ethanol blend fuel) from over 450 retail fuel stations, we show that pass-through of the ethanol subsidy is, on average, complete. However, we find that full pass-through takes four to six weeks and that local market structure of ...
The Capacity-Building Support Activities Of The Integrated Support Center For Nuclear Nonproliferation And Nuclear Security Of The Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2016 Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security, Japan Atomic Energy Agency
The Capacity-Building Support Activities Of The Integrated Support Center For Nuclear Nonproliferation And Nuclear Security Of The Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Yosuke Naoi, Kalman A. Robertson, Naoko Noro
International Journal of Nuclear Security
International cooperation is essential to support states in building the human resources necessary for maintaining and strengthening nuclear security. As the nation’s only comprehensive nuclear research and development institute, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has long-standing experience developing and operating nuclear technology in all steps of the fuel cycle. The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) was established within the JAEA in December 2010 as Japan’s Center of Excellence for nuclear security. The ISCN provides assistance with capacity building to states throughout Asia and some other regions. The objective of this article is ...
European Community Law And Institutions In Perspective: Text, Cases And Readings, 2016 St. Louis University
European Community Law And Institutions In Perspective: Text, Cases And Readings, Josef Rohlik
Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law
No abstract provided.