Functional Seizures: The Patient’S Perspective Of A Diagnostic And Treatment Odyssey, 2021 Chapman University
Functional Seizures: The Patient’S Perspective Of A Diagnostic And Treatment Odyssey, Heather J. Andrini, Sydni L. Au Hoy, Ashley M. Okhovat, Juliana Lockman, Gregory R. Goldsmith
Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research
Functional seizures can be challenging to properly diagnose, often leading to delays in treatment. The etiology of functional seizures is multifactorial, with psychological factors identified in many, but not all cases. Misdiagnosis may occur due to clinical features mimicking other medical conditions. Once a correct diagnosis is reached, delivery of definitive, evidence-based treatment may be challenging due to limited availability of specialized resources. Research shows psychological education and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) have the greatest efficacy. However, individual differences, including acceptance of the diagnosis, therapeutic alliance, duration of symptoms, comorbidities, and access to care may influence outcomes. There is a …
Median And Ulnar Nerve Injuries In Cyclists: A Narrative Review, 2021 Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, Singapore
Median And Ulnar Nerve Injuries In Cyclists: A Narrative Review, Dinesh C. Sirisena, Shauna H-S Sim, Ivan Lim, Vaikunthan Rajaratnam
Cycling is popular internationally as a mode of transport and sport. Cyclists often report sensory and motor changes in the hands during rides. In the past, assessment of these symptoms was based on clinical history, physical examination and neurophysiology. The aim of this narrative review was to evaluate existing publications and determine if there are areas for further improvement in the clinical setting. Methods: Searches were undertaken in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines using four online databases: PUBMED, OVID, CINAHL and WEB OF SCIENCE. Articles were evaluated using adapted versions of guidelines for case and cohort studies. Results: 2630 articles …
Intracranial Mesenchymal Tumors With Fet-Creb Fusion Are Composed Of At Least Two Epigenetic Subgroups Distinct From Meningioma And Extracranial Sarcomas, 2021 University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.
Intracranial Mesenchymal Tumors With Fet-Creb Fusion Are Composed Of At Least Two Epigenetic Subgroups Distinct From Meningioma And Extracranial Sarcomas, Emily A. Sloan, Rohit Gupta, Christian Koelsche, Jason Chiang, Javier E. Villanueva-Meyer, Sanda Alexandrescu, Jennifer E. Eschbacher, Wesley Wang, Manuela Mafra, Nasir Ud Din
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Intracranial mesenchymal tumor, FET-CREB fusion-positive' occurs primarily in children and young adults and has previously been termed intracranial angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) or intracranial myxoid mesenchymal tumor (IMMT). Here we performed genome-wide DNA methylation array profiling of 20 primary intracranial mesenchymal tumors with FET-CREB fusion to further study their ontology. These tumors resolved into two distinct epigenetic subgroups that were both divergent from all other analyzed intracranial neoplasms and soft tissue sarcomas, including meningioma, clear cell sarcoma of soft tissue (CCS), and AFH of extracranial soft tissue. The first subgroup (Group A, 16 tumors) clustered nearest to but independent of …
The Concentration Of Brain Homogenates With The Amicon Ultra Centrifugal Filters, 2021 Keck Graduate Institute
The Concentration Of Brain Homogenates With The Amicon Ultra Centrifugal Filters, Joshua Yang, Rachita K. Sumbria
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Accurately measuring the brain concentration of a neurotherapeutic is critical in determining its pharmacokinetic profile in vivo. Biologics are potential therapeutics for neurologic diseases and biologics fused to an antibody targeting a transcytosis receptor at the Blood-Brain Barrier, designated as antibody-biologic fusion proteins, are Blood-Brain Barrier penetrating neurotherapeutics. The use of sandwich immunosorbent assays to measure concentrations of antibody-biologic fusion proteins in brain homogenates has become increasingly popular. The raw brain homogenate contains many proteins and other macromolecules that can cause a matrix effect, potentially interfering with the limit of detection of such assays and reduce the overall sample …
A Proud Huntington’S Disease Gene Carrier’S Message To His 'Miracle Baby' Daughter On Her Senior Year In College, 2021 University of San Diego
A Proud Huntington’S Disease Gene Carrier’S Message To His 'Miracle Baby' Daughter On Her Senior Year In College, Kenneth P. Serbin
At Risk for Huntington's Disease
No abstract provided.
Endoxifen: A New Hope For Bipolar Disorder, 2021 Aga Khan University
Endoxifen: A New Hope For Bipolar Disorder, Muneeba Amin, Alviya Shafique, Muhammad Yusuf Hafiz
Department of Psychiatry
No abstract provided.
Kinematic Assessment Of Turning And Walking Tasks Among Stroke Survivors By Employing Wearable Sensors And Pressure Platform, 2021 Rochester Institute of Technology
Kinematic Assessment Of Turning And Walking Tasks Among Stroke Survivors By Employing Wearable Sensors And Pressure Platform, Masoud Abdollahi, Pranav Madhav Kuber, Christopher Hoang, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra, Ehsan Rashedi
Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research
Stroke survivors often experience reduced movement capabilities due to alterations in their neuromusculoskeletal systems. Modern sensor technologies and motion analyses can facilitate the determination of these changes. Our work aims to assess the potential of using wearable motion sensors to analyze the movement of stroke survivors and identifying the affected functions. We recruited 10 participants (5 stroke survivors, 5 healthy individuals) and conducted a controlled laboratory evaluation for two of the most common daily activities: turning and walking. Among the extracted kinematic parameters, range of trunk and sacrum lateral bending in turning were significantly larger in stroke survivors (p-value<0.02). However, no statistical difference in mean angular velocity and range of motion for trunk/sacrum/shank flexion-extension were obtained in the turning task. Our results also indicated that during walking, while there was no difference in swing time, double support portion of gait among the stroke group was significantly larger (p-value = 0.001). Outcomes of this investigation may help in designing new rehabilitation programs for stroke and other neurological disorders and/or in improving the efficacy of such programs.Clinical Relevance— This study may provide a better insight on the detailed functional differences between stroke survivors and healthy individuals which in turn could be used to develop a more efficient rehabilitation program for stroke community.
Utility And Yield Of Genetic Testing Leading To A Definitive Neuromuscular Or Neuropathic Diagnosis At A Rural Outpatient Neurology Clinic Affiliated With A University Health Center In West Virginia Over 4 Years., 2021 Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, Huntington WV
Utility And Yield Of Genetic Testing Leading To A Definitive Neuromuscular Or Neuropathic Diagnosis At A Rural Outpatient Neurology Clinic Affiliated With A University Health Center In West Virginia Over 4 Years., Holly Farkosh, Dominika Lozowska
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Clinicians are increasingly relying on genetic testing to pinpoint definite diagnoses. A more general diagnosis of neuropathy or neuromuscular disease like myopathy can be narrowed down substantially using genetic testing. Because carrier status is of utmost importance in reproductive matters, pathogenic results can prognosticate about future course of the illness and help plan ahead for treatment and social supports. Given the expense of genetic testing, it becomes a cost benefit ratio assessment whether it is worthwhile to collect genetic samples. The purpose of the study was to determine the likelihood of obtaining a conclusive confirmatory diagnosis through genetic testing …
Stroke Care In Pakistan, 2021 Bolan University of Medical and Health Sciences, Quetta, Pakistan
Stroke Care In Pakistan, Anjum Farooq, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Mohammad Wasay
Section of Neurology
Increasing incidence of stroke and lack of infrastructure in both urban and rural areas needs immediate attention in Pakistan. There is a high proportion of young stroke with poor stroke outcomes. Acute stroke care is scarce in Pakistan due to the small number of neurologists (1 neurologist per 1 million population), few stroke units, and limited availability of alteplase (recombinant tissue plasminogen activator) in the country.
The Potential Role Of Atn-161 As An Integrin Α5Β1 Inhibitor In Preventing Commonviral Infections, 2021 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans
The Potential Role Of Atn-161 As An Integrin Α5Β1 Inhibitor In Preventing Commonviral Infections, Peter Issa, H Wang, Ko Mcdonald, Be Ouvrier, Gj Bix
Medical Research Day
Integrins are transmembrane proteins which mediate many cellular signaling processes such as immunological function, extracellular matrix composition, apoptosis, and cell adhesion. In addition to these features, integrins have been implicated in viral infection. Integrin alpha5beta1, which has an arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) binding motif, has been shown to play a role in the pathogenesis of many viruses including porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus (PHEV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), and severe acute respiratory syndrome- coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, a concise review of the role of integrin alpha5beta1 with regards to viruses and its potential as an antiviral therapeutic, especially with regards to SARS- …
Tropism Of Novel Aav Capsid Variants In The Inner Ear, 2021 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans
Tropism Of Novel Aav Capsid Variants In The Inner Ear, Leigh C. Hickham, David Odenheimer, Grant Rauterkus, Sanford L. Boye, Shannon E. Boye, Jennifer J. Lentz
Medical Research Day
Background: Usher syndrome (Usher) is the leading genetic cause of combined deaf-blindness. Of the three clinical types, type 1 (USH1) is the most severe with congenital sensorineural hearing impairment and vestibular dysfunction, and adolescent onset of retinitis pigmentosa. While the genetics of Usher is well understood, the treatment options for these patients are limited. To fill this gap, we created a mouse model of Type 1C Usher (USH1C) that contains the splice site mutation (USH1C c.216G>A) responsible for USH1C in patients. USH1C mice have hearing, balance, and visual dysfunction similar to patients. Additionally, the expression of harmonin protein, encoded …
In Pursuit: A Mother’S Account Of Her Son’S Rare Disease Diagnosis Journey, 2021 none (parent of patient)
In Pursuit: A Mother’S Account Of Her Son’S Rare Disease Diagnosis Journey, Anne M. Jones
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
A personal account from a mother’s perspective on her undiagnosed son’s medical journey over almost 6 years toward a diagnosis of a rare genetic variant in mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 interacting protein 3 (MAPK8IP3) resulting in neurodevelopment disorder.
Neuroimaging Referral For Reassurance In Evaluation Of Headache With Low-Risk Features, 2021 Wayne State University
Neuroimaging Referral For Reassurance In Evaluation Of Headache With Low-Risk Features, Omar E. Fernandez
Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates
A clinical decision report using:
Howard L, Wessely S, Leese M, et al. Are investigations anxiolytic or anxiogenic? A randomised controlled trial of neuroimaging to provide reassurance in chronic daily headache. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2005;76(11):1558-1564. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2004.057851
for a patient with daily headache.
Awake Craniotomy For Resection Of Intracranial Meningioma: First Case Series From A Low- And Middle-Income Country, 2021 Aga Khan University
Awake Craniotomy For Resection Of Intracranial Meningioma: First Case Series From A Low- And Middle-Income Country, Saqib Kamran Bakhshi, Noyan Jawed, Faraz Shafiq, Ather Enam
Section of Neurosurgery
Introduction: Awake craniotomy (AC) has emerged as a better modality for resection of intra-axial brain tumors. The advantages are not just related to the preservation of neurological function, but also include early recovery, short hospital stay and possibly lower costs. However, data on AC for meningioma resection is deficient, likely because of concerns related to intra-operative pain and blood loss.
Methods: All patients who underwent AC, using awake through-out technique for resection of meningioma, during the last five years, were included in the study. Non-probability consecutive sampling technique was employed. Variables for demographics, and details of diagnosis and surgical procedure …
Teachers’ Views On Preparation For Employment Of Young Autistic People, 2021 UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON, INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION, LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM
Teachers’ Views On Preparation For Employment Of Young Autistic People, Biranavan Thavapalan, Emanuele Maria Merlo
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Background. Contemporary literature indicates that there is significant support and assistance provided by schools for young autistic people, which has had a positive impact on the accessibility of jobs. Nevertheless, the employment rate of autistic people is unacceptably low in the UK. The current study investigated teachers’ views on the preparation for employment of young autistic people in the UK. Methods. Interviews were conducted with individuals from the educational field and thematic analysis was used to explore the teachers’ views regarding the factors that have an impact on the preparation for employment of young autistic people. Results. …
Mental Health Or Cardiac Health. Is There A Reason To Choose? Cardiac Arrhythmias Induced By Atomoxetine And Methylphenidate, 2021 IULIU HATIEGANU UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, 5TH DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, CARDIOLOGY REHABILITATION, CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA
Mental Health Or Cardiac Health. Is There A Reason To Choose? Cardiac Arrhythmias Induced By Atomoxetine And Methylphenidate, Gabriel Cismaru, Viorel Lupu
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
The current treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity consists mainly in the administration of Straterra (Atomoxetine) Concerta and Ritalin (Methylphenidate). The FDA warned that the products might increase systolic, diastolic blood pressure, and lead to ventricular arrhythmias. Arrhythmic events and sudden cardiac death were described in adults with preexistent heart disease. However, studies on children have failed to demonstrate a clear association between the arrhythmic events and these drugs, as demonstrated in adults. What should the attitude of the pediatric psychiatrist be towards the administration of these products? What examination should be made by the psychiatrist …
Neuropsychological Symptoms Related To The Covid-19 Pandemic Experienced By The General Population And Particularly By The Healthcare Personnel, 2021 OVIDIUS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF GENERAL MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF NEUROLOGY, CONSTANTA, ROMANIA
Neuropsychological Symptoms Related To The Covid-19 Pandemic Experienced By The General Population And Particularly By The Healthcare Personnel, Alina Zorina Stroe, Alexandru Floris Stuparu, Silviu Docu Axelerad, Daniel Docu Axelerad, Aurelia Moraru
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Undoubtedly, the outbreak of COVID-19 still represents an overanxious event for both society and population. The fear of getting infected is ubiquitous in the time of the pandemic. The population presented worrying thoughts related to the fact that the health care system was not able to provide enough services during the COVID-19 pandemic. The number of the hospital beds and ventilators was insufficient in order to ensure enough care, considering the increased number of COVID-19 cases that were admitted to the hospitals. Furthermore, people were fearful about the possibility of the global economy becoming decimated. The fright and also the …
Self-Paced Treadmills Do Not Allow For Valid Observation Of Linear And Nonlinear Gait Variability Outcomes In Patients With Parkinson’S Disease, 2021 Chapman University
Self-Paced Treadmills Do Not Allow For Valid Observation Of Linear And Nonlinear Gait Variability Outcomes In Patients With Parkinson’S Disease, Maryam Rohafza, Rahul Soangra, Jo Armour Smith, Niklas König Ignasiak
Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research
Due to the imposed constant belt speed, motorized treadmills are known to affect linear and nonlinear gait variability outcomes. This is particularly true of patients with Parkinson’s Disease where the treadmill can act as an external pacemaker. Self-paced treadmills update the belt speed in response to the subject's walking speed and might, therefore, be a useful tool for measurement of gait variability in this patient population. This study aimed to compare gait variability during walking at self-paced and constant treadmill speeds with overground walking in individuals with PD and individuals with unimpaired gait.
Thirteen patients with Parkinson’s Disease …
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: The Disease Of The Peripheral Nervous System, 2021 Gettysburg College
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: The Disease Of The Peripheral Nervous System, Aisling G. Lavelle
A literary review of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis summarizing the most up to date information about ALS. The most recent prevalence and incidence reports globally and specifically the USA are reported. Characteristics of the phenotypes are described and a break down of symptoms and effective diagnosis measures are reported and explained. Genetic and environmental factors are summarized and broken down in layman's terms. Current research and treatments being performed for ALS patients and their future impacts are described.
Terrorism In Your Brain: The Battles Of Multiple Sclerosis (Ms), 2021 Gettysburg College
Terrorism In Your Brain: The Battles Of Multiple Sclerosis (Ms), Paul W. Asper
This paper is a review of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) looking at the phenotypes, epidemiology, etiology, pathology, and immunology. Additionally, this paper examines the clinical presentations and criteria for diagnosis along with the treatment and management of symptoms.