Difficulty Breathing Or Just A Case Of The Nerves? Incidental Finding Of Primary Pleural Schwannoma In A Covid-19 Survivor, 2021 Aga Khan University
Difficulty Breathing Or Just A Case Of The Nerves? Incidental Finding Of Primary Pleural Schwannoma In A Covid-19 Survivor, Daania Shoaib, Muhammad Nauman Zahir, Saqib R. Khan, Adnan Jabbar, Yasmin Abdul Rashid
Section of Haematology/Oncology
Schwannoma is a rare tumor that arises from the Schwann cells, which are specialized, myelin-producing cells of the peripheral nerve sheaths. As anatomic logic would dictate, these masses commonly occur in the skull base, cerebellopontine angle, and posterior spinal roots. Of this already rare entity, rarer still are the pleural schwannomas, representing approximately 1-2% of thoracic tumors. These tumors commonly affect adults with a propensity for the third and sixth decades of life and a comparative male predilection. Schwannomas are benign, indolent, and follow an asymptomatic course. As such, they often come to light incidentally.
Here we report a case …
Characterizing The Heterogeneity Of Adult-Onset Leukoencephalopathy With Axonal Spheroids: A Digital Spatial Profiling Study, 2021 Western University
Characterizing The Heterogeneity Of Adult-Onset Leukoencephalopathy With Axonal Spheroids: A Digital Spatial Profiling Study, Peter Liu
Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference
Adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids (ALAS) is a group of hereditary, progressive, neurodegenerative disorders involving primarily the central nervous system white matter (WM). ALAS is characterized by patchy, asymmetrical myelin loss and axonal destruction in the WM, predominantly involving the frontoparietal regions. However, the asymmetrical and heterogenous involvement of different brain regions remains poorly characterized.
In this study, digital spatial profiling was performed to investigate the region-specific expressions of 60 proteins. Conventional immunohistochemistry methods was used validate intrepretation of probes. Using a high-plex and high-throughput method, we provide evidence of regional heterogeneity in ALAS, particularly involving key markers of microglia …
Virtual Reality (Vr)-Based Environmental Enrichment In Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment (Mci) And Mild Dementia, 2021 LUMS University, Lahore, Pakistan
Virtual Reality (Vr)-Based Environmental Enrichment In Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment (Mci) And Mild Dementia, Waleed Riaz, Zain Yar Khan, Ali Jawaid, Suleman Shahid
Medical College Documents
Background: Despite an alarming rise in the global prevalence of dementia, the available modalities for improving cognition and mental wellbeing of dementia patients remain limited. Environmental enrichment is an experimental paradigm that has shown promising anti-depressive and memory-enhancing effects in pre-clinical studies. However, its clinical utility has remained limited due to the lack of effective implementation strategies.
Objective: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the usability (tolerability and interactivity) of a long-term virtual reality (VR)- based environmental enrichment training program in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild dementia. A secondary objective was to assess …
Insights Into The Mechanisms Of Brain Endothelial Erythrophagocytosis, 2021 Keck Graduate Institute
Insights Into The Mechanisms Of Brain Endothelial Erythrophagocytosis, Jiahong Sun, Prema Vyas, Samar Mann, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Ane C. F. Nunes, Wei Ling Lau, David H. Cribbs, Mark J. Fisher, Rachita K. Sumbria
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
The endothelial cells which form the inner cellular lining of the vasculature can act as non-professional phagocytes to ingest and remove emboli and aged/injured red blood cells (RBCs) from circulation. We previously demonstrated an erythrophagocytic phenotype of the brain endothelium for oxidatively stressed RBCs with subsequent migration of iron-rich RBCs and RBC degradation products across the brain endothelium in vivo and in vitro, in the absence of brain endothelium disruption. However, the mechanisms contributing to brain endothelial erythrophagocytosis are not well defined, and herein we elucidate the cellular mechanisms underlying brain endothelial erythrophagocytosis. Murine brain microvascular endothelial cells (bEnd.3 …
Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis: A Diagnosis Obscured By Concomitant Recreational Drug Use, 2021 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine
Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis: A Diagnosis Obscured By Concomitant Recreational Drug Use, Paige Lester Ms Ii, Adam M. Franks Md, William Rollyson Ms Iv, Jenna K. Barbour Md, Matthew B. Curry Md
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis (aNMDAre) is a relatively newly discovered autoimmune and inflammatory disorder affecting the limbic system. It has a clinical course that includes Prodromal, Psychiatric, Unresponsive and Hyperkinetic stages. These stages are often confused with mental health issues in the medical literature, but they also share symptoms of various drug intoxication and withdrawal states. Implicit bias in physicians regarding substance use disorder and patient demographics can impair delivery of care and outcomes in patients with aNMDAre, especially in an environment of recreational drug use. When clinical presentation aligns, this diagnosis should be investigated as soon as possible, even in …
Objective Physiological Measures Of Lingual And Jaw Function In Healthy Individuals And Individuals With Dysphagia Due To Neurodegenerative Diseases, 2021 San Jose State University
Objective Physiological Measures Of Lingual And Jaw Function In Healthy Individuals And Individuals With Dysphagia Due To Neurodegenerative Diseases, Megan E. Cuellar, Elizabeth Oommen
Faculty Research, Scholarly, and Creative Activity
Swallowing is a neuromuscular process that involves a complex sequence of sensorimotor events, which are executed to efficiently and safely transport food and liquid from the mouth to the stomach. Safe oropharyngeal swallowing involves the activation, modulation, and coordination of oral, pharyngeal, laryngeal, and esophageal structures and musculature. Impaired or atypical patterns of swallowing are considered characteristic of a swallowing disorder, otherwise referred to as dysphagia, and affect the performance of all stages, i.e., oral preparatory, oral transit, pharyngeal, and esophageal. Lingual and jaw musculature play critical roles in mediating swallowing function, particularly during the oral preparatory and oral transit …
The Experience Of Off Periods In Parkinson’S Disease: Descriptions, Triggers, And Alleviating Factors, 2021 Duke University
The Experience Of Off Periods In Parkinson’S Disease: Descriptions, Triggers, And Alleviating Factors, Sneha Mantri, Madeline Lepore, Briana Edison, Margaret Daeschler, Catherine Kopil, Connie Marras, Lana Chahine
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: Wearing off of Parkinson’s disease medication is common, but triggers and coping strategies for this transient phenomenon are poorly understood. We aimed to assess the lived experience of OFF periods for people with Parkinson’s disease.
Methods: Participants in the longitudinal Fox Insight study who endorsed OFF periods were invited to complete a survey consisting of both multiple-choice and free-text responses. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize multiple-choice responses, and free-text responses were classified into themes through iterative discussion by 3 movement disorders specialists.
Results: A total of 2110 participants (52.4% male) completed the survey. Tremor was the most common …
Crispr, Curing Huntington’S Disease, And Humanity’S Future In Isaacson's 'Code Breaker', 2021 University of San Diego
Crispr, Curing Huntington’S Disease, And Humanity’S Future In Isaacson's 'Code Breaker', Kenneth P. Serbin
At Risk for Huntington's Disease
No abstract provided.
Poster: Sars-Cov-2 Neuroinvasion, 2021 Otterbein University
Poster: Sars-Cov-2 Neuroinvasion, Heather M. Tatusko
Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)
Over the last century, science and literature has reported neurological manifestations during various disease outbreaks as well as long-term sequelae following epidemics and pandemics. Some of the first neurological symptoms reported with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19; caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 [SARS-Cov-2]) were anosmia and dysgeusia, suggesting SARS-CoV-2 penetrance of the central nervous system (CNS). To date, the definite clinical and pathological basis of CNS involvement of SARS-CoV-2 remains poorly understood, with the neurovirulence of SARS-CoV-2 and its neuroinvasive potential remaining largely unknown. The author’s poster will explore neurological manifestations of COVID-19 disease, the direct and indirect …
Effects Of Genetics And Sex On Hippocampal Gene Expression And Adolescent Behaviors Following Neonatal Ethanol Exposure In Bxd Recombinant Inbred Mice, 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Effects Of Genetics And Sex On Hippocampal Gene Expression And Adolescent Behaviors Following Neonatal Ethanol Exposure In Bxd Recombinant Inbred Mice, Jessica A. Baker
Theses and Dissertations (ETD)
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are the leading preventable neurodevelopmental disorders in the western world. A hallmark symptom of FASD is cognitive and learning deficits that present in early childhood and continue throughout adulthood. Teratogenic effects of alcohol include increased cell death in the hippocampus, a brain region critically important in learning and memory. Genetics have been shown to have a role in the severity of alcohol’s teratogenic effect on the developing brain. Previous work in our lab identified differential vulnerability to ethanol-induced call death in the hippocampus using fourteen BXD strains and the two parental strains. The goal of …
Use Of Ultrasonic Aspirator For Cns Tumour Resection, 2021 Aga Khan University
Use Of Ultrasonic Aspirator For Cns Tumour Resection, Noman Ahmad, Saqib Kamran Bakhshi, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim
Section of Neurosurgery
Ultrasonic aspirator (UA), or the Cavitron Ultrasonic Aspirator (CUSA) as it is commonly referred to, utilizes ultrasonic waves of variable range of frequencies to disintegrate and excise tumours. It is developed as a substitute of bipolar diathermy; a tool commonly employed for coagulation that uses focussed electric current and may damage tissues by virtue of contact, or by the heat that it produces. Over the last 30 years, CUSA has become increasingly popular in several soft tissue surgeries, especially brain and spine tumour resection, as it allows reduction in the use of bipolar diathermy. It is assumed that CUSA improves …
Tai Chi And Mindfulness Training To Improve Balance In People With Multiple Sclerosis: A Community-Based Intervention Study, 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Tai Chi And Mindfulness Training To Improve Balance In People With Multiple Sclerosis: A Community-Based Intervention Study, Julianna Eve
Introduction: Tai Chi and meditation have led to improved quality of life, and reduced fatigue and depressive symptoms in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Tai Chi interventions have successfully improved balance, however the few studies evaluating meditation impact on motor skill improvement have reported conflicting results. Benefits of meditation on improving alertness and attention have been reported, but it is unknown whether these benefits might extend to physical balance. Objective: determine the impact of an 8-week Tai Chi or Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) intervention on physical balance, psychosocial wellbeing, and sensorimotor function; and whether benefits are retained after …
The Role Of Zinc In Psd-95 Palmitoyl Modification And Nmdar Surface Expression., 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
The Role Of Zinc In Psd-95 Palmitoyl Modification And Nmdar Surface Expression., Safiya Syed, Xiaoqian Fang, Luis Acosta, Ivonn Ruvalcaba, Yonghong Zhang, Lili Guerra
MEDI 8127 Scholarly Activities Pre-Clerkship
NMDA receptor in an excitatory ligand-gated ion channel present in the neurons of the central nervous system. Zinc and calcium ions are an important part of synaptic transmission and disruption of these can be seen in neurological diseases. PSD95 is a major protein involved in the stability of NMDAR at the synapse. This protein can be palmitoylated and de-palmitoylated, a process that is thought to be regulated by Zinc. The exact mechanism of how Zinc is involved in the stability (palmitoylation) of the PSD95 and indirectly, the NMDA receptor, is unclear and will be investigated in our research.
Our hypothesis …
Lesion Loci Of Impaired Affective Prosody: A Systematic Review Of Evidence From Stroke, 2021 Johns Hopkins University
Lesion Loci Of Impaired Affective Prosody: A Systematic Review Of Evidence From Stroke, Alexandra Zezinka Durfee, Shannon M. Sheppard, Margaret L. Blake, Argye E. Hillis
Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research
Affective prosody, or the changes in rate, rhythm, pitch, and loudness that convey emotion, has long been implicated as a function of the right hemisphere (RH), yet there is a dearth of literature identifying the specific neural regions associated with its processing. The current systematic review aimed to evaluate the evidence on affective prosody localization in the RH. One hundred and ninety articles from 1970 to February 2020 investigating affective prosody comprehension and production in patients with focal brain damage were identified via database searches. Eleven articles met inclusion criteria, passed quality reviews, and were analyzed for affective prosody localization. …
Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass
Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, yet accurate in vivo detection of TBI neuropathology remains challenging due to complexities in the structural and functional changes observed post-injury as well as limitations in conventional neuroimaging modalities. Although advanced neuroimaging techniques such as arterial spin labeling (ASL) can noninvasively assess cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes observed post-injury, this technique is underutilized in TBI research partly due to the low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) inherent in ASL imaging. The aim of the current study is to examine the use of machine learning, specifically a Support …
‘Inequality Is Unsustainable’: A View Of The Quest For Huntington's Disease Treatments From The Global South, 2021 University of San Diego
‘Inequality Is Unsustainable’: A View Of The Quest For Huntington's Disease Treatments From The Global South, Kenneth P. Serbin
At Risk for Huntington's Disease
No abstract provided.
Phenotypic Characterization Of Jarid2-Related Intellectual Disability: A Case Series, 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City
Phenotypic Characterization Of Jarid2-Related Intellectual Disability: A Case Series, Maxime Cadieux-Dion
Background: In recent years, wide implementation of research and clinical next generation sequencing has led to an astonishing number of novel disease-gene assertions. Recently, loss of function variants in JARID2 were reported in 16 patients with a clinically distinct neurodevelopmental phenotype that consisted of neurodevelopmental delay, intellectual disability (ID), learning disability, autism and behavioral abnormalities. Dysmorphic features were seen in most patients and included high anterior hairline, deep-set eyes, full lips, broad forehead, bulbous nasal tip, or depressed nasal bridge. Cleft lip/palate was observed in only 1/16 patients. Most cases were de novo, with only one inherited case from an …
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Associated With Covid-19 Infection: An Observational, Multicenter Study, 2021 Aga Khan University
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Associated With Covid-19 Infection: An Observational, Multicenter Study, Sajid Hameed, Mohammad Wasay, Bashir A. Soomro, Ossama Mansour, Foad Abd-Allah, Tianming Tu, Raja Farhat, Naila Shahbaz, Husnain Hashim, Wasim Alamgir
Section of Neurology
Background and purpose: Coronavirus disease 2019 (CO-VID-19) has an increased propensity for systemic hypercoagulability and thromboembolism. An association with cerebrovascular diseases, especially cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), has been reported among these patients. The objective of the present study was to identify risk factors for CVT as well as its presentation and outcome in COVID-19 patients.
Methods: This is a multicenter and multinational observational study. Ten centers in 4 countries (Pakistan, Egypt, Singapore, and the United Arab Emirates) participated in this study. The study included patients (aged >18 years) with symptomatic CVT and recent COVID-19 infection.
Results: Twenty patients (70% men) …
Neural Regions Underlying Object And Action Naming: Complementary Evidence From Acute Stroke And Primary Progressive Aphasia, 2021 Johns Hopkins University
Neural Regions Underlying Object And Action Naming: Complementary Evidence From Acute Stroke And Primary Progressive Aphasia, Bonnie L. Breining, Andreia V. Feria, Brian Caffo, Erin L. Meier, Shannon M. Sheppard, Rajani Sebastian, Donna C. Tippett, Argye E. Hillis
Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research
Background: Naming impairment is commonly noted in individuals with aphasia. However, object naming receives more attention than action naming. Furthermore, most studies include participants with aphasia due to only one aetiology, commonly stroke. We developed a new assessment, the Hopkins Action Naming Assessment (HANA), to evaluate action naming impairments.
Methods >& Procedures: Participants (N = 138 PPA, N = 37 acute stroke) completed the BNT and HANA. Behavioural performance was compared. A subset of participants (N = 31 PPA, N = 37 acute stroke) provided neuroimaging data. The whole brain was automatically segmented into regions of interest (ROIs). …
‘The First At-Bat Is Never A Grand Slam’: How Huntington's Disease Drug Research Has Matured With The Roche And Wave Setbacks, 2021 University of San Diego
‘The First At-Bat Is Never A Grand Slam’: How Huntington's Disease Drug Research Has Matured With The Roche And Wave Setbacks, Kenneth P. Serbin
At Risk for Huntington's Disease
No abstract provided.