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Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities Commons

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Should Designer Babies Be Regulated?, Alec Madriaga, Natasha Bates 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Should Designer Babies Be Regulated?, Alec Madriaga, Natasha Bates

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

Designer babies have been frequently used to help prevent genetic defect of offspring. The two main procedures that can help prevent offspring of having a genetic defect is by IVF, In Vitro Fertilization, or PGD, Preimplantation Genetic Disorder. It is a topic currently being debated ethically on whether it is okay to design a baby and how far people may take the procedures to design a baby before it gets out of hand. Two sides can be approached to this topic: Should designer babies be regulated or should it not be regulated? A concern that is plaguing the minds of ...


Prenatal Diagnosis And Risk Factors For Preoperative Death In Neonates With Single Right Ventricle And Systemic Outflow Obstruction: Screening Data From The Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial(∗)., Andrew M. Atz, Thomas G. Travison, Ismee A. Williams, Gail D. Pearson, Peter C. Laussen, William T. Mahle, Amanda L. Cook, Joel A. Kirsh, Mark Sklansky, Svetlana Khaikin, Caren Goldberg, Michele Frommelt, Catherine Krawczeski, Michael D. Puchalski, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, Jeanne M. Baffa, Jack Rychik, Richard G. Ohye, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Prenatal Diagnosis And Risk Factors For Preoperative Death In Neonates With Single Right Ventricle And Systemic Outflow Obstruction: Screening Data From The Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial(∗)., Andrew M. Atz, Thomas G. Travison, Ismee A. Williams, Gail D. Pearson, Peter C. Laussen, William T. Mahle, Amanda L. Cook, Joel A. Kirsh, Mark Sklansky, Svetlana Khaikin, Caren Goldberg, Michele Frommelt, Catherine Krawczeski, Michael D. Puchalski, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, Jeanne M. Baffa, Jack Rychik, Richard G. Ohye, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this analysis was to assess preoperative risk factors before the first-stage Norwood procedure in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related single-ventricle lesions and to evaluate practice patterns in prenatal diagnosis, as well as the role of prenatal diagnosis in outcome.

METHODS: Data from all live births with morphologic single right ventricle and systemic outflow obstruction screened for the Pediatric Heart Network's Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial were used to investigate prenatal diagnosis and preoperative risk factors. Demographics, gestational age, prenatal diagnosis status, presence of major extracardiac congenital abnormalities, and preoperative mortality rates were recorded ...


Relation Of Size Of Secondary Ventricles To Exercise Performance In Children After Fontan Operation., Ashwin Prakash, Thomas G. Travison, Mark A. Fogel, Lynne M. Hurwitz, Andrew J. Powell, Beth F. Printz, Michael D. Puchalski, Girish S. Shirali, Shi-Joon Yoo, Tal Geva, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Relation Of Size Of Secondary Ventricles To Exercise Performance In Children After Fontan Operation., Ashwin Prakash, Thomas G. Travison, Mark A. Fogel, Lynne M. Hurwitz, Andrew J. Powell, Beth F. Printz, Michael D. Puchalski, Girish S. Shirali, Shi-Joon Yoo, Tal Geva, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The effects of the nondominant or secondary ventricle on the Fontan circulation are not known. The present study used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the relations between secondary ventricular size and global cardiac performance. The Fontan cross-sectional study collected data from 7 centers participating in the Pediatric Heart Network. Subjects with complete cardiac magnetic resonance imaging data and an identifiable secondary ventricle were included in the analysis. Relationships between body surface area-adjusted parameters of the secondary ventricle (mass, end-diastolic volume, mass/volume ratio, and stroke volume) and the following measures were assessed. These measures included the percentage of predicted ...


Should We Be Concerned About Jejunoileal Atresia During Repair Of Duodenal Atresia?, Shawn D. St Peter, Danny C. Little, Katherine A. Barsness, Daniel R. Copeland, Casey M. Calkins, Suzanne Yoder, Steve S. Rothenberg, Saleem Islam, Kuojen Tsao, Daniel J. Ostlie 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Should We Be Concerned About Jejunoileal Atresia During Repair Of Duodenal Atresia?, Shawn D. St Peter, Danny C. Little, Katherine A. Barsness, Daniel R. Copeland, Casey M. Calkins, Suzanne Yoder, Steve S. Rothenberg, Saleem Islam, Kuojen Tsao, Daniel J. Ostlie

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

INTRODUCTION: During repair for duodenal atresia, it has been emphasized that inspection of the small bowel to identify a second atresia is required. The laparoscopic approach for repair of duodenal atresia has been criticized for its limitation to perform this step. Given that duodenal atresia and jejunoileal atresias do not share common embryologic origins, we question the validity of this concern. Therefore, we conducted a multicenter retrospective review of duodenal atresia patients to quantify the incidence of jejunoileal atresia in this population.

METHODS: After institutional review board approval (IRB #07-12-187X), a retrospective review was conducted on all patients who have ...


Col9a2 And Col9a3 Mutations In Canine Autosomal Recessive Oculoskeletal Dysplasia, Orly Goldstein, Richard Guyon, Anna Kukekova, Tatyana N. Kuznetsova, Susan E. Pearce-Kelling, Jennifer Johnson, Gustavo D. Aguirre, Gregory M. Acland 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Col9a2 And Col9a3 Mutations In Canine Autosomal Recessive Oculoskeletal Dysplasia, Orly Goldstein, Richard Guyon, Anna Kukekova, Tatyana N. Kuznetsova, Susan E. Pearce-Kelling, Jennifer Johnson, Gustavo D. Aguirre, Gregory M. Acland

Departmental Papers (Vet)

Oculoskeletal dysplasia segregates as an autosomal recessive trait in the Labrador retriever and Samoyed canine breeds, in which the causative loci have been termed drd1 and drd2, respectively. Affected dogs exhibit short-limbed dwarfism and severe ocular defects. The disease phenotype resembles human hereditary arthro-ophthalmopathies such as Stickler and Marshall syndromes, although these disorders are usually dominant. Linkage studies mapped drd1 to canine chromosome 24 and drd2 to canine chromosome 15. Positional candidate gene analysis then led to the identification of a 1-base insertional mutation in exon 1 of COL9A3 that cosegregates with drd1 and a 1,267-bp deletion mutation in ...


Enalapril In Infants With Single Ventricle: Results Of A Multicenter Randomized Trial., Daphne T. Hsu, Victor Zak, Lynn Mahony, Lynn A. Sleeper, Andrew M. Atz, Jami C. Levine, Piers C. Barker, Chitra Ravishankar, Brian W. McCrindle, Richard V. Williams, Karen Altmann, Nancy S. Ghanayem, Renee Margossian, Wendy K. Chung, William L. Border, Gail D. Pearson, Mario P. Stylianou, Seema Mital, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Enalapril In Infants With Single Ventricle: Results Of A Multicenter Randomized Trial., Daphne T. Hsu, Victor Zak, Lynn Mahony, Lynn A. Sleeper, Andrew M. Atz, Jami C. Levine, Piers C. Barker, Chitra Ravishankar, Brian W. Mccrindle, Richard V. Williams, Karen Altmann, Nancy S. Ghanayem, Renee Margossian, Wendy K. Chung, William L. Border, Gail D. Pearson, Mario P. Stylianou, Seema Mital, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy improves clinical outcome and ventricular function in adults with heart failure. Infants with single-ventricle physiology have poor growth and are at risk for abnormalities in ventricular systolic and diastolic function. The ability of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy to preserve ventricular function and improve somatic growth and outcomes in these infants is unknown.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Pediatric Heart Network conducted a double-blind trial involving 230 infants with single-ventricle physiology randomized to receive enalapril (target dose 0.4 mg . kg(-1) . d(-1)) or placebo who were followed up until 14 months of age. The primary ...


Co– And Post–Translational N–Linked Glycosylation Of Cardiac Potassium Channel Subunits: A Dissertation, Tuba Bas 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Co– And Post–Translational N–Linked Glycosylation Of Cardiac Potassium Channel Subunits: A Dissertation, Tuba Bas

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

KCNE1 (E1) peptide is the founding member of the KCNE family (1-5), which is a class of type I transmembrane ß-subunits. KCNE1 peptides assemble with and modulate the gating, ion conducting properties and pharmacology of a variety of voltage-gated K+ channel a-subunits, including KCNQ1 (Q1). Mutations that interfere with the function of either E1 and/or Q1 and disrupt the assembly and trafficking of KCNE1- KCNQ1 channel complexes give rise to diseases such as Romano-Ward (RW) and Jervell Lange Nielsen Syndrome (JLNS), two different forms of Long QT Syndrome (LQTS).

Using enzymatic deglycosylation assays, immunofluorescence techniques and quantitative cell surface ...


Initial Experience With A Miniaturized Multiplane Transesophageal Probe In Small Infants Undergoing Cardiac Operations., Sinai C. Zyblewski, Girish S. Shirali, Geoffrey A. Forbus, Tain-Yen Hsia, Scott M. Bradley, Andrew M. Atz, Meryl S. Cohen, Eric M. Graham 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Initial Experience With A Miniaturized Multiplane Transesophageal Probe In Small Infants Undergoing Cardiac Operations., Sinai C. Zyblewski, Girish S. Shirali, Geoffrey A. Forbus, Tain-Yen Hsia, Scott M. Bradley, Andrew M. Atz, Meryl S. Cohen, Eric M. Graham

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

PURPOSE: There has been reluctance to use intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in small infants. We assessed the utility and safety of a new miniaturized multiplane micro-TEE probe in small infants undergoing cardiac operations.

DESCRIPTION: Hemodynamic and ventilation variables were prospectively recorded before and after micro-TEE insertion and removal in infants weighing 5 kg or less undergoing cardiac operations.

EVALUATION: The study included 42 patients with a mean weight of 3.6 +/- 0.9 kg (range, 1.7 to 5 kg). All probe insertions were successful. There were no complications or clinically significant changes in hemodynamic or ventilation variables. Information provided ...


Regulation Of Wrn Function By Acetylation And Sirt1-Mediated Deacetylation In Response To Dna Damage: A Dissertation, Kai Li 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester

Regulation Of Wrn Function By Acetylation And Sirt1-Mediated Deacetylation In Response To Dna Damage: A Dissertation, Kai Li

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Werner syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with premature aging and cancer predisposition. WS cells show increased genomic instability and are hypersensitive to DNA-damaging agents. WS is caused by mutations of the WRN gene. WRN protein is a member of RecQ DNA helicase family. In addition to a conserved 3’–5’ helicase activity, the WRN protein contains unique 3’–5’ exonuclease activity. WRN recognizes specific DNA structures as substrates that are intermediates of DNA metabolism. WRN physically and functionally interacts with many other proteins that function in telomere maintenance, DNA replication, and DNA repair. The function of WRN ...


An Assessment Of Obesity And Hyperphagia In Individuals With Smith-Magenis Syndrome, Carrie A. Crain 2010 University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

An Assessment Of Obesity And Hyperphagia In Individuals With Smith-Magenis Syndrome, Carrie A. Crain

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS;OMIM# 182290) is a multiple congenital anomalies and mental retardation syndrome caused by a 3.7- Mb deletion on chromosome 17p11.2 or a mutation in the RAI1 gene. Although the majority of the SMS phenotype has been well described, limited studies are available describing growth patterns in SMS. There is some evidence that individuals with SMS develop obesity. Thus, this study aims to characterize the growth and potential influence of hyperphagia in a cohort of individuals with SMS. A retrospective chart review was conducted of 78 individuals with SMS through Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) at ...


Partial And Transitional Atrioventricular Septal Defect Outcomes., L LuAnn Minich, Andrew M. Atz, Steven D. Colan, Lynn A. Sleeper, Seema Mital, James Jaggers, Renee Margossian, Ashwin Prakash, Jennifer S. Li, Meryl S. Cohen, Ronald V. Lacro, Gloria L. Klein, John A. Hawkins, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Partial And Transitional Atrioventricular Septal Defect Outcomes., L Luann Minich, Andrew M. Atz, Steven D. Colan, Lynn A. Sleeper, Seema Mital, James Jaggers, Renee Margossian, Ashwin Prakash, Jennifer S. Li, Meryl S. Cohen, Ronald V. Lacro, Gloria L. Klein, John A. Hawkins, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Surgical and perioperative improvements permit earlier repair of partial and transitional atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD). We sought to describe contemporary outcomes in a multicenter cohort.

METHODS: We studied 87 patients undergoing primary biventricular repair of partial or transitional AVSD between June 2004 and February 2006 across seven North American centers. One-month and 6-month postoperative data included weight-for-age z-scores, left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (LAVVR) grade, residual shunts, and left ventricular ejection fraction. Paired methods were used to assess 6-month change.

RESULTS: Median age at surgery was 1.8 years; median weight z-score was -0.88. Median days for ventilation were ...


Development Of A Multi-Site Phase Ii Clinical Trial Of Valproic Acid For Retinitis Pigmentosa, Christine Moulton Clemson 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Development Of A Multi-Site Phase Ii Clinical Trial Of Valproic Acid For Retinitis Pigmentosa, Christine Moulton Clemson

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The body of work presented here is a compendium of the multiple steps required for an investigator initiated trial of an existing medication (Valproic Acid- VPA) for a new indication (Retinitis Pigmentosa – RP). The chapters are listed in logical and chronological order of the process. In order to access patient records an expedited Institutional Review Board (IRB) application for retrospective chart review was submitted (Chapter 1). These records enabled the statistical analysis which not only laid the framework for the trial design, but also became the basis for two manuscripts (Chapter 2). Protocol development informed by the preliminary human studies ...


Age- And Sex-Associated Changes In Mrna Expression Of Neurodegenerative Disorder-Related Molecules In The Hippocampus And Cerebellum Of Rat Brain, Srinivasarao Thulluri 2010 Marshall University

Age- And Sex-Associated Changes In Mrna Expression Of Neurodegenerative Disorder-Related Molecules In The Hippocampus And Cerebellum Of Rat Brain, Srinivasarao Thulluri

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Age-associated oxidative stress is involved in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, and sex-associated differences may also affect the risk for these neurodegenerative diseases. We compared the effects of aging and sex on the mRNA expression of five molecules that are closely related to oxidative stress, along with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases in the hippocampus of both male and female Fischer 344xBrown Norway (F344BN) rats. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the mRNA expression level of superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), heme oxygenase 1 (HO1), amyloid precursor protein (APP), -site APP-cleaving ...


Preliminary Exploration Of The Effect Of Background Color On The Speed And Accuracy Of Search For An Aided Symbol Target By Typically Developing Preschoolers, Krista M. Wilkinson, Bridgett Coombs 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Preliminary Exploration Of The Effect Of Background Color On The Speed And Accuracy Of Search For An Aided Symbol Target By Typically Developing Preschoolers, Krista M. Wilkinson, Bridgett Coombs

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications

Aided augmentative and alternative communication can be used successfully with individuals with communication disabilities. Recent studies suggest that, where possible, arranging symbols based on internal color (placing red fruits together) facilitates search for a target symbol by children with and without Down syndrome (Wilkinson, Carlin, & Thistle, 2008). We explored whether color cuing of symbol background might offer similar benefits for symbols that cannot readily be arranged by internal color. Ten nondisabled preschoolers engaged in computer search tasks for line drawings representing common animals when the line drawings appeared on white backgrounds compared to color-saturated backgrounds that cued the subcategory to ...


Fas Behavioral Survey Of Traits: Screening For Effects Of Prenatal Exposure To Alcohol, Glena Andrews, C. Joe Robins 2010 George Fox University

Fas Behavioral Survey Of Traits: Screening For Effects Of Prenatal Exposure To Alcohol, Glena Andrews, C. Joe Robins

Faculty Publications - Doctor of Psychology (PsyD) Program

The FAS BeST was developed by parents and educators of children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome rating behaviors characteristic of FASD including; easily influenced by others, difficulty learning from experience, appearing and declaring innocence even when confronted with evidence to the contrary, and experiencing difficulties in other domains. The FAS BeST differentiates between children with PEA, dysgenesis of the corpus callosum (DCC), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; Porter & Andrews, 2004). The sample included 294 participants. Using the cutoff score suggested by Porter and Andrews (2004) the accuracy rates were 78% for FAS/E, 100% for controls, 85% for DCC, and ...


Clinico-Morphological Correlations In The Categorization Of Holes Between The Ventricles., Brad A. Friedman, Anthony Hlavacek, Karen Chessa, Girish S. Shirali, Eowyn Corcrain, Diane Spicer, Robert H. Anderson, Sinai Zyblewski 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Clinico-Morphological Correlations In The Categorization Of Holes Between The Ventricles., Brad A. Friedman, Anthony Hlavacek, Karen Chessa, Girish S. Shirali, Eowyn Corcrain, Diane Spicer, Robert H. Anderson, Sinai Zyblewski

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Controversy still exists in the categorization of holes between the ventricles, although they are the most common congenital cardiac malformation. Advanced imaging techniques such as three-dimensional echocardiography and computed tomographic angiography offer superb anatomical details of these defects. In this review, we have sought to collate the features highlighted in different categorizations and identify their similarities, but also emphasize their differences. We hope that an analysis of this type, now achievable during life, using advanced imaging, might lead to the appearance of a unified system for diagnosis and description of holes between the ventricles.


Spirituality And Organised Religion In Supporting Parents Of Children With Down Syndrome And Intellectual Disability, Divia Pillay 2010 Edith Cowan University

Spirituality And Organised Religion In Supporting Parents Of Children With Down Syndrome And Intellectual Disability, Divia Pillay

Theses : Honours

Background: Raising a child with an intellectual disability can present parents with many challenges. Factors that have been demonstrated to positively impact on the mental and physical health of parents of children with an intellectual disability include greater clinical, family and social supports. One avenue of support that has been rarely explored is the role of spirituality and organised religion in supporting parents of children with an intellectual disability. Aim: The aim of this literature review was to investigate the role of spirituality and organised religion in the lives of parents of children with intellectual disability, specifically Down syndrome. Methods ...


Hereditary 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-Resistant Rickets With Alopecia Resulting From A Novel Missense Mutation In The Dna-Binding Domain Of The Vitamin D Receptor., Peter J. Malloy, Jining Wang, Tarak Srivastava, David Feldman 2010 Children's Mercy Hospital

Hereditary 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-Resistant Rickets With Alopecia Resulting From A Novel Missense Mutation In The Dna-Binding Domain Of The Vitamin D Receptor., Peter J. Malloy, Jining Wang, Tarak Srivastava, David Feldman

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The rare genetic recessive disease, hereditary vitamin D resistant rickets (HVDRR), is caused by mutations in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) that result in resistance to the active hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3) or calcitriol). In this study, we examined the VDR from a young boy with clinical features of HVDRR including severe rickets, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia and partial alopecia. The pattern of alopecia was very unusual with areas of total baldness, adjacent to normal hair and regions of scant hair. The child failed to improve on oral calcium and vitamin D therapy but his ...


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