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Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities Commons

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Epigenetic Variability Is A Modifier Of Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy, Takako I. Jones, Chia-Yun Sun, Celine Debarnot, Charis Himeda, Charles P. Emerson, Jr., Peter L. Jones 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Epigenetic Variability Is A Modifier Of Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy, Takako I. Jones, Chia-Yun Sun, Celine Debarnot, Charis Himeda, Charles P. Emerson, Jr., Peter L. Jones

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), the most prevalent myopathy afflicting both children and adults, is strongly associated with epigenetic changes of the 4q35-localized macrosatellite D4Z4 repeat. Recent studies propose that FSHD pathology is caused by the misexpression and missplicing of the DUX4 (double homeobox 4) gene, encoded within the repeat array, resulting in production of a pathogenic protein, DUX4-FL. We have analyzed DUX4 mRNA and protein expression in a large collection of myogenic cells and muscle biopsies derived from muscles of FSHD1 affected subjects and their unaffected first-degree relatives. We confirmed that stable DUX4-fl mRNA and protein were expressed in myogenic ...


Stimulation Through Tlr4 Increases Fviii Inhibitor Formation In A Mouse Model Of Hemophilia A, Claire K. Holley 2013 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Stimulation Through Tlr4 Increases Fviii Inhibitor Formation In A Mouse Model Of Hemophilia A, Claire K. Holley

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Hemophilia A is a clotting disorder caused by functional factor VIII (FVIII) deficiency. About 25% of patients treated with therapeutic recombinant FVIII develop antibodies (inhibitors) that render subsequent FVIII treatments ineffective. The immune mechanisms of inhibitor formation are not entirely understood, but circumstantial evidence indicates a role for increased inflammatory response, possibly via stimulation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), at the time of FVIII immunization. I hypothesized that stimulation through TLR4 in conjunction with FVIII treatments would increase the formation of FVIII inhibitors. To test this hypothesis, FVIII K.O. mice were injected with recombinant human FVIII with or without concomitant ...


Cinacalcet As Adjunctive Therapy For Hereditary 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-Resistant Rickets., Tarak Srivastava, Uri S. Alon 2013 Children's Mercy Hospital

Cinacalcet As Adjunctive Therapy For Hereditary 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-Resistant Rickets., Tarak Srivastava, Uri S. Alon

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Secondary hyperparathyroidism from inadequate calcium absorption in the gut, is the underlying pathophysiology for rachitic changes in hereditary vitamin D-resistant rickets (HVDRR). We describe a novel use of Cinacalcet to treat a child with HVDRR in whom conventional modes of therapy had to be discontinued. Cinacalcet therapy with high-dose oral calcium effectively normalized the metabolic abnormalities and bone condition. The relative ease of administration of the calcimimetic as a once- or twice-daily oral preparation, compared with traditional intravenous calcium administration, should encourage its move to the frontline of treatment of the disorder.


Skinning The Surface Of Bone Abnormalities In Trichothiodystrophy, Rina Allawh, Michael Xiong, Deborah Tamura, John J. DiGiovanna, Michael T. Collins, Kenneth H. Kraemer, Suvimol Hill 2013 George Washington University

Skinning The Surface Of Bone Abnormalities In Trichothiodystrophy, Rina Allawh, Michael Xiong, Deborah Tamura, John J. Digiovanna, Michael T. Collins, Kenneth H. Kraemer, Suvimol Hill

GW Research Days 2013

Objective(s): The purpose of the study conducted is to characterize the qualitative and quantitative features of the bone abnormalities present in patients diagnosed with Trichothiodystrophy (TTD), a DNA repair and transcription disorder. An additional goal of the study is to identify TTD patients at risk for rapidly progressive bone abnormalities in order to improve diagnosis and treatment for TTD patients.

Study Design: A retrospective study conducted at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) examining the bone abnormalities present in a study population comprised of 32 patients between the ages of 1 and 29 years of age diagnosed with TTD ...


Interventions To Reduce Neonatal Mortality From Neonatal Tetanus In Low And Middle Income Countries - A Systematic Review, Adeel Ahmed Khan, Aysha Zahidie, F. Rabbani 2013 Aga Khan University

Interventions To Reduce Neonatal Mortality From Neonatal Tetanus In Low And Middle Income Countries - A Systematic Review, Adeel Ahmed Khan, Aysha Zahidie, F. Rabbani

Community Health Sciences

Background

In 1988, WHO estimated around 787,000 newborns deaths due to neonatal tetanus. Despite few success stories majority of the Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) are still struggling to reduce neonatal mortality due to neonatal tetanus. We conducted a systematic review to understand the interventions that have had a substantial effect on reducing neonatal mortality rate due to neonatal tetanus in LMICs and come up with feasible recommendations for decreasing neonatal tetanus in the Pakistani setting.

Methods

We systemically reviewed the published literature (Pubmed and Pubget databases) to identify appropriate interventions for reducing tetanus related neonatal mortality. A ...


Data Mining The Functional Characterizations Of Proteins To Predict Their Cancer-Relatedness, Peter Revesz, Christopher Assi 2013 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Data Mining The Functional Characterizations Of Proteins To Predict Their Cancer-Relatedness, Peter Revesz, Christopher Assi

CSE Journal Articles

This paper considers two types of protein data. First, data about protein function described in a number of ways, such as, GO terms and PFAM families. Second, data about whether individual proteins are experimentally associated with cancer by an anomalous elevation or lowering of their expressions within cancerous cells. We combine these two types of protein data and test whether the first type of data, that is, the functional descriptors, can predict the second type of data, that is, cancer-relatedness. By using data mining and machine learning, we derive a classifier algorithm that using only GO term and PFAM family ...


Correlated Alterations In Genome Organization, Histone Methylation, And Dna-Lamin A/C Interactions In Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome, Rachel Patton McCord, Ashley Nazario-Toole, Haoyue Zhang, Peter Chines, Ye Zhan, Michael Erdos, Francis Collins, Job Dekker, Kan Cao 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Correlated Alterations In Genome Organization, Histone Methylation, And Dna-Lamin A/C Interactions In Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome, Rachel Patton Mccord, Ashley Nazario-Toole, Haoyue Zhang, Peter Chines, Ye Zhan, Michael Erdos, Francis Collins, Job Dekker, Kan Cao

Program in Systems Biology Publications

Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a premature aging disease that is frequently caused by a de novo point mutation at position 1824 in LMNA. This mutation activates a cryptic splice donor site in exon 11, and leads to an in-frame deletion within the prelamin A mRNA and the production of a dominant negative lamin A protein, known as progerin. Here we show that primary HGPS skin fibroblasts experience genome-wide correlated alterations in patterns of H3K27me3 deposition, DNA-lamin A/C associations, and, at late passages, genome-wide loss of spatial compartmentalization of active and inactive chromatin domains. We further demonstrate that the ...


Association Of Impaired Linear Growth And Worse Neurodevelopmental Outcome In Infants With Single Ventricle Physiology: A Report From The Pediatric Heart Network Infant Single Ventricle Trial., Chitra Ravishankar, Victor Zak, Ismee A. Williams, David C. Bellinger, J William Gaynor, Nancy S. Ghanayem, Catherine D. Krawczeski, Daniel J. Licht, Lynn Mahony, Jane W. Newburger, Victoria L. Pemberton, Richard V. Williams, Renee Sananes, Amanda L. Cook, Teresa Atz, Svetlana Khaikin, Daphne T. Hsu, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali 2013 Children's Mercy Hospital

Association Of Impaired Linear Growth And Worse Neurodevelopmental Outcome In Infants With Single Ventricle Physiology: A Report From The Pediatric Heart Network Infant Single Ventricle Trial., Chitra Ravishankar, Victor Zak, Ismee A. Williams, David C. Bellinger, J William Gaynor, Nancy S. Ghanayem, Catherine D. Krawczeski, Daniel J. Licht, Lynn Mahony, Jane W. Newburger, Victoria L. Pemberton, Richard V. Williams, Renee Sananes, Amanda L. Cook, Teresa Atz, Svetlana Khaikin, Daphne T. Hsu, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVES: To describe neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants with single ventricle (SV) physiology and determine factors associated with worse outcomes.

STUDY DESIGN: Neurodevelopmental outcomes for infants with SV enrolled in a multicenter drug trial were assessed at 14 months of age using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II. Multivariable regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with worse outcomes.

RESULTS: Neurodevelopmental testing was performed at 14 ± 1 months in 170/185 subjects in the trial. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome was present in 59% and 75% had undergone the Norwood operation. Mean Psychomotor Developmental Index (PDI) and mental developmental index (MDI ...


Chondrodysplasia-Like Dwarfism In The Miniature Horse, John E. Eberth 2013 University of Kentucky

Chondrodysplasia-Like Dwarfism In The Miniature Horse, John E. Eberth

Theses and Dissertations--Veterinary Science

Dwarfism is considered one of the most recognized congenital defects of animals and humans and can be hereditary or sporadic in cause and expression. There are two general morphologic categories within this vastly diverse disease. These categories are disproportionate and proportionate dwarfism and within each of these there are numerous phenotypes which have been extensively described in humans, and to a lesser extent in dogs, cattle, mice, chickens, and other domestic species. Ponies and Miniature horses largely differ from full size horses only by their stature. Ponies are often defined as those whose height is not greater than 14.2 ...


Mechanistic Basis For Atrial And Ventricular Arrhythmias Caused By Kcnq1 Mutations, Daniel C. Bartos 2013 University of Kentucky

Mechanistic Basis For Atrial And Ventricular Arrhythmias Caused By Kcnq1 Mutations, Daniel C. Bartos

Theses and Dissertations--Physiology

Cardiac arrhythmias are caused by a disruption of the normal initiation or propagation of electrical impulses in the heart. Hundreds of mutations in genes encoding ion channels or ion channel regulatory proteins are linked to congenital arrhythmia syndromes that increase the risk for sudden cardiac death. This dissertation focuses on how mutations in a gene (KCNQ1) that encodes a voltage-gated K+ ion channel (Kv7.1) can disrupt proper channel function and lead to abnormal repolarization of atrial and ventricular cardiomyocytes.

In the heart, Kv7.1 coassembles with a regulatory protein to conduct the slowly activating delayed rectifier K+ current (I ...


Variation In Perioperative Care Across Centers For Infants Undergoing The Norwood Procedure., Sara K. Pasquali, Richard G. Ohye, Minmin Lu, Jonathan Kaltman, Christopher A. Caldarone, Christian Pizarro, Carolyn Dunbar-Masterson, J William Gaynor, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, Aditya K. Kaza, Jane Newburger, John F. Rhodes, Mark Scheurer, Eric Silver, Lynn A. Sleeper, Sarah Tabbutt, James Tweddell, Karen Uzark, Winfield Wells, William T. Mahle, Gail D. Pearson, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali 2012 Children's Mercy Hospital

Variation In Perioperative Care Across Centers For Infants Undergoing The Norwood Procedure., Sara K. Pasquali, Richard G. Ohye, Minmin Lu, Jonathan Kaltman, Christopher A. Caldarone, Christian Pizarro, Carolyn Dunbar-Masterson, J William Gaynor, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, Aditya K. Kaza, Jane Newburger, John F. Rhodes, Mark Scheurer, Eric Silver, Lynn A. Sleeper, Sarah Tabbutt, James Tweddell, Karen Uzark, Winfield Wells, William T. Mahle, Gail D. Pearson, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVES: In the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial, infants undergoing the Norwood procedure were randomly allocated to undergo a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt or a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. Apart from shunt type, subjects received the local standard of care. We evaluated variation in perioperative care during the Norwood hospitalization across 14 trial sites.

METHODS: Data on preoperative, operative, and postoperative variables for 546 enrolled subjects who underwent the Norwood procedure were collected prospectively on standardized case report forms, and variation across the centers was described.

RESULTS: Gestational age, birth weight, and proportion with hypoplastic left heart syndrome were similar across sites ...


Interstage Mortality After The Norwood Procedure: Results Of The Multicenter Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial., Nancy S. Ghanayem, Kerstin R. Allen, Sarah Tabbutt, Andrew M. Atz, Martha L. Clabby, David S. Cooper, Pirooz Eghtesady, Peter C. Frommelt, Peter J. Gruber, Kevin D. Hill, Jonathan R. Kaltman, Peter C. Laussen, Alan B. Lewis, Karen J. Lurito, L LuAnn Minich, Richard G. Ohye, Julie V. Schonbeck, Steven M. Schwartz, Rakesh K. Singh, Caren S. Goldberg, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali 2012 Children's Mercy Hospital

Interstage Mortality After The Norwood Procedure: Results Of The Multicenter Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial., Nancy S. Ghanayem, Kerstin R. Allen, Sarah Tabbutt, Andrew M. Atz, Martha L. Clabby, David S. Cooper, Pirooz Eghtesady, Peter C. Frommelt, Peter J. Gruber, Kevin D. Hill, Jonathan R. Kaltman, Peter C. Laussen, Alan B. Lewis, Karen J. Lurito, L Luann Minich, Richard G. Ohye, Julie V. Schonbeck, Steven M. Schwartz, Rakesh K. Singh, Caren S. Goldberg, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: For infants with single ventricle malformations undergoing staged repair, interstage mortality is reported at 2% to 20%. The Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial randomized subjects with a single morphologic right ventricle undergoing a Norwood procedure to a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) or a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt (RVPAS). The aim of this analysis was to explore the associations of interstage mortality and shunt type, and demographic, anatomic, and perioperative factors.

METHODS: Participants in the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial who survived to discharge after the Norwood procedure were included (n = 426). Interstage mortality was defined as death postdischarge after the Norwood ...


Risk Factors For Hospital Morbidity And Mortality After The Norwood Procedure: A Report From The Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial., Sarah Tabbutt, Nancy Ghanayem, Chitra Ravishankar, Lynn A. Sleeper, David S. Cooper, Deborah U. Frank, Minmin Lu, Christian Pizarro, Peter Frommelt, Caren S. Goldberg, Eric M. Graham, Catherine Dent Krawczeski, Wyman W. Lai, Alan Lewis, Joel A. Kirsh, Lynn Mahony, Richard G. Ohye, Janet Simsic, Andrew J. Lodge, Ellen Spurrier, Mario Stylianou, Peter Laussen, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali 2012 Children's Mercy Hospital

Risk Factors For Hospital Morbidity And Mortality After The Norwood Procedure: A Report From The Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial., Sarah Tabbutt, Nancy Ghanayem, Chitra Ravishankar, Lynn A. Sleeper, David S. Cooper, Deborah U. Frank, Minmin Lu, Christian Pizarro, Peter Frommelt, Caren S. Goldberg, Eric M. Graham, Catherine Dent Krawczeski, Wyman W. Lai, Alan Lewis, Joel A. Kirsh, Lynn Mahony, Richard G. Ohye, Janet Simsic, Andrew J. Lodge, Ellen Spurrier, Mario Stylianou, Peter Laussen, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify risk factors for mortality and morbidity during the Norwood hospitalization in newborn infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and other single right ventricle anomalies enrolled in the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial.

METHODS: Potential predictors for outcome included patient- and procedure-related variables and center volume and surgeon volume. Outcome variables occurring during the Norwood procedure and before hospital discharge or stage II procedure included mortality, end-organ complications, length of ventilation, and hospital length of stay. Univariate and multivariable Cox regression analyses were performed with bootstrapping to estimate reliability for mortality.

RESULTS: Analysis included 549 subjects prospectively ...


Cause, Timing, And Location Of Death In The Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial., Richard G. Ohye, Julie V. Schonbeck, Pirooz Eghtesady, Peter C. Laussen, Christian Pizarro, Peter Shrader, Deborah U. Frank, Eric M. Graham, Kevin D. Hill, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, Kirk R. Kanter, Joel A. Kirsh, Linda M. Lambert, Alan B. Lewis, Chitra Ravishankar, James S. Tweddell, Ismee A. Williams, Gail D. Pearson, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali 2012 Children's Mercy Hospital

Cause, Timing, And Location Of Death In The Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial., Richard G. Ohye, Julie V. Schonbeck, Pirooz Eghtesady, Peter C. Laussen, Christian Pizarro, Peter Shrader, Deborah U. Frank, Eric M. Graham, Kevin D. Hill, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, Kirk R. Kanter, Joel A. Kirsh, Linda M. Lambert, Alan B. Lewis, Chitra Ravishankar, James S. Tweddell, Ismee A. Williams, Gail D. Pearson, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVES: The Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial randomized 555 subjects with a single right ventricle undergoing the Norwood procedure at 15 North American centers to receive either a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt or right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt. Results demonstrated a rate of death or cardiac transplantation by 12 months postrandomization of 36% for the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt and 26% for the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt, consistent with other publications. Despite this high mortality rate, little is known about the circumstances surrounding these deaths.

METHODS: There were 164 deaths within 12 months postrandomization. A committee adjudicated all deaths for cause and recorded the ...


Non-Insertive Acupuncture And Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Case Series From An Inner City Safety Net Hospital, Amanda C. Filippelli, Laura F. White, Lisa W. Spellman, Maria Broderick, Ellen Silver Highfield, Elizabeth Sommers, Paula Gardiner 2012 Boston Medical Center

Non-Insertive Acupuncture And Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Case Series From An Inner City Safety Net Hospital, Amanda C. Filippelli, Laura F. White, Lisa W. Spellman, Maria Broderick, Ellen Silver Highfield, Elizabeth Sommers, Paula Gardiner

Center for Integrated Primary Care Publications

OBJECTIVE: We report on the safety of non-insertive acupuncture (NIA) in 54 newborns diagnosed with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) in a busy inner city hospital.

METHODS: For this case series, a retrospective chart review was conducted. Data on participant demographics, number of NIA treatments, provider referrals, and outcomes of interest (sleeping, feeding, and adverse events) were collected.

RESULTS: Of the 54 newborns receiving NIA, 86% were non-Hispanic White; 87% were on Medicaid, and gestational age ranged from 33.2 to 42.1 weeks. Out of 54 chart reviews, a total of 92 NIA sessions were documented ranging from 1 to ...


Canine Multifocal Retinopathy In The Australian Shepherd: A Case Report, Ingo Hoffmann, Karina E. Guziewicz, Barbara Zangerl, Gustavo D. Aguirre, Christian Y. Mardin 2012 University of Pennsylvania

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy In The Australian Shepherd: A Case Report, Ingo Hoffmann, Karina E. Guziewicz, Barbara Zangerl, Gustavo D. Aguirre, Christian Y. Mardin

Departmental Papers (Vet)

A 1-year-old Australian Shepherd (AS) was presented for a routine hereditary eye examination. During the examination multiple raised, brown to orange lesions were noted in the fundus, which could not be attributed to a known retinal disease in this breed. As they clinically most closely resembled canine multifocal retinopathy (cmr) and no indication of an acquired condition was found, genetic tests for BEST1 gene mutations were performed. These showed the dog to be homozygous for the cmr1 (C73T/R25X) gene defect. Furthermore, ultrasound (US), electroretinography (ERG), and optical coherence tomography were performed, confirming changes typical for cmr. Subsequently, the AS ...


Lack Of Cftr In Cd3+ Lymphocytes Leads To Aberrant Cytokine Secretion And Hyper-Inflammatory Adaptive Immune Responses: A Master's Thesis, Christian Mueller 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Lack Of Cftr In Cd3+ Lymphocytes Leads To Aberrant Cytokine Secretion And Hyper-Inflammatory Adaptive Immune Responses: A Master's Thesis, Christian Mueller

Christian Mueller

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) remains the most common fatal monogenic disease in the US, affecting 1 in 3,300 live births. CF is the result of mutations in CFTR, a chloride channel and regulator of other ion channels. The mechanisms by which CFTR mutations cause chronic lung disease in CF are not fully defined, but may include the combined effects of altered ion and water transport across the airway epithelium and aberrant inflammatory and immune responses to pathogens within the airways. We have shown that Cftr-/- mice mount an exaggerated IgE response towards Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) when compared to Cftr ...


A Pilot Trial Comparing The Effects Of Onabotulinumtoxina And Standard Oxybutynin Therapy As First Line Treatment For The Poorly Compliant Pediatric Neurogenic Bladder, Sumit Dave 2012 The University of Western Ontario

A Pilot Trial Comparing The Effects Of Onabotulinumtoxina And Standard Oxybutynin Therapy As First Line Treatment For The Poorly Compliant Pediatric Neurogenic Bladder, Sumit Dave

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Research question

Is it feasible to conduct a phase III RCT to compare OnabotulinumtoxinA injections to oxybutynin as primary therapy in pediatric neurogenic bladder?

Methods

Patients on a stable oxybutynin regimen were recruited for a pilot RCT and underwent randomization to either OnabotulinumtoxinA or continuation of oxybutynin. Primary outcomes included an a priori defined feasibility and acceptability assessment. Secondary outcomes included continence, urodynamic parameters, side effects and QOL.

Results

The study enrolled 8 subjects in the OnabotulinumtoxinA group and 6 in the oxybutynin group. The recruitment rate was 75 % and the dropout rate was 6.6 %. There were 2 minor ...


Immune Responses In Cystic Fibrosis: Are They Intrinsically Defective?, Dmitry Ratner, Christian Mueller 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Immune Responses In Cystic Fibrosis: Are They Intrinsically Defective?, Dmitry Ratner, Christian Mueller

Christian Mueller

Cystic fibrosis (CF), the most common lethal single-gene disorder affecting Northern Europeans and North Americans, is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Cftr is a chloride channel and a regulator of other ion channels, and many aspects of the CF phenotype are directly related to ion channel abnormalities attributable to CFTR mutation. Lung disease is the most common limitation to the quantity and quality of life for patients with CF. One aspect that continues to be enigmatic is the observed alterations in innate and adaptive immune responses to certain pathogens. Altered responses to Pseudomonas ...


Pharmacological Modulation Of Cgmp Levels By Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors As A Therapeutic Strategy For Treatment Of Respiratory Pathology In Cystic Fibrosis., Hongwei Yu, Jens Poschet, Graham Timmons, Jennifer Taylor-Cousar, Wojciech Ornatowski, Joseph Fazio, Elizabeth Perkett, Kari Wilson, Hugo de Jonge, Vojo Deretic 2012 Marshall University

Pharmacological Modulation Of Cgmp Levels By Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors As A Therapeutic Strategy For Treatment Of Respiratory Pathology In Cystic Fibrosis., Hongwei Yu, Jens Poschet, Graham Timmons, Jennifer Taylor-Cousar, Wojciech Ornatowski, Joseph Fazio, Elizabeth Perkett, Kari Wilson, Hugo De Jonge, Vojo Deretic

Hongwei Yu

The CFTR gene encodes a chloride channel with pleiotropic effects on cell physiology and metabolism. Here, we show that increasing cGMP levels to inhibit epithelial Na(+) channel in cystic fibrosis (CF) respiratory epithelial cells corrects several aspects of the downstream pathology in CF. Cell culture models, using a range of CF cell lines and primary cells, showed that complementary pharmacological approaches to increasing intracellular cGMP, by elevating guanyl cyclase activity though reduced nitric oxide, addition of cell-permeable cGMP analogs, or inhibition of phosphodiesterase 5 corrected multiple aspects of the CF pathological cascade. These included correction of defective protein glycosylation, bacterial ...


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