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Cardiovascular Diseases Commons

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1,872 full-text articles. Page 78 of 85.

Design And Methods For A Pilot Study Of A Phone Delivered, Mindfulness-Based Intervention In Patients With Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (Icd), Elena Salmoirago Blotcher, James Carmody, Gloria Y. Yeh, Sybil L. Crawford, Lawrence S. Rosenthal, Ira S. Ockene 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Design And Methods For A Pilot Study Of A Phone Delivered, Mindfulness-Based Intervention In Patients With Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (Icd), Elena Salmoirago Blotcher, James Carmody, Gloria Y. Yeh, Sybil L. Crawford, Lawrence S. Rosenthal, Ira S. Ockene

Cardiovascular Medicine Publications

Background. Meditation practices are associated with a reduction in adrenergic activity that may benefit patients with severe cardiac arrhythmias. This paper describes the design and methods of a pilot study testing the feasibility of a phone-delivered mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) for treatment of anxiety in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs).

Design and Methods. Consecutive, clinically stable outpatients (n = 52) will be screened for study eligibility within a month of an ICD-related procedure or ICD shock and will be randomly assigned to MBI or to usual care. MBI patients will receive eight weekly individual phone sessions based on two mindfulness practices ...


A 25-Year Perspective Into The Changing Landscape Of Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction (The Worcester Heart Attack Study), Robert Goldberg, Frederick Spencer, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore, Joseph Alpert, James Dalen 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A 25-Year Perspective Into The Changing Landscape Of Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction (The Worcester Heart Attack Study), Robert Goldberg, Frederick Spencer, Jorge Yarzebski, Darleen Lessard, Joel Gore, Joseph Alpert, James Dalen

Jorge L. Yarzebski

Over the past several decades, significant advances have been made in the primary and secondary prevention of coronary artery disease. However, effects of changing lifestyle and treatment practices on demographic and clinical profiles and on hospital outcomes of patients who present with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have not been well characterized. We carried out a prospective population-based investigation of >25-year trends (1975 to 2001) in demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment practices, and hospital outcomes of patients who had been hospitalized with AMI. Residents of a metropolitan area (Worcester, Massachusetts) who had been hospitalized with validated AMI (n = 10,440) in ...


A Reappraisal In São Paulo, Brazil (2008) Of "The Ecology Of Medical Care:" The "One Per Thousand's Rule"., Adriana Roncoletta, Gustavo D. Gusso, Isabela M. Bensenor, Paulo A. Lotufo 2012 Universidade de Sao Paulo

A Reappraisal In São Paulo, Brazil (2008) Of "The Ecology Of Medical Care:" The "One Per Thousand's Rule"., Adriana Roncoletta, Gustavo D. Gusso, Isabela M. Bensenor, Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

This paper reassessed in Brazil, the concept of "Medical ecology" i introduced in 1961 to describe the relationship and utilization of health care services by a given population. This was a cross-sectional telephone survey among a random sample of people enrolled in a private HMO. We interviewed a random sample of non-pregnant adults over age 18 using 10 questions about symptoms and health care use during the month prior to interview. The final sample consisted of 1,065 participants (mean age 68 years, 68% female). From this sample, 424 (39.8%) reported the presence of symptoms, 311 (29.2%) had ...


Hypothyroidism In The Elderly, Paulo A. Lotufo 2012 Universidade de São Paulo

Hypothyroidism In The Elderly, Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

An overview adressing observational and randomized clinical trials about hypothyroidism in the elderly.


Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases In Brazil: Priorities For Disease Management And Research, Bruce B. Duncan, Dora Chor, Estela M. Aquino, Isabela M. Bensenor, J.Geraldo Mill, M.Ines Schmidt, Paulo A. Lotufo, Alvaro Vigo, Sandhi M. Barreto 2012 Universidade de São Paulo

Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases In Brazil: Priorities For Disease Management And Research, Bruce B. Duncan, Dora Chor, Estela M. Aquino, Isabela M. Bensenor, J.Geraldo Mill, M.Ines Schmidt, Paulo A. Lotufo, Alvaro Vigo, Sandhi M. Barreto

Paulo A Lotufo

Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases are the main source of disease burden in Brazil. In 2011, the Brazilian Ministry of Health launched the Strategic Plan of Action for Management of Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases focusing on population-based interventions to manage cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, and chronic respiratory diseases mainly through fi ghting tobacco use, unhealthy diets, physical inactivity and the harmful use of alcohol. Although a signifi cant number of scientifi c studies on chronic diseases and their risk factors have been undertaken in Brazil, few are of cohort design. In this context, the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), a cohort ...


What Is The Risk For Metabolic Syndrome In Police Officers?, Warren D. Franke 2012 Iowa State University

What Is The Risk For Metabolic Syndrome In Police Officers?, Warren D. Franke

Warren D Franke

The report by Jayakrishnan and colleagues in this Journal is noteworthy since it provides an assessment of the presence of the metabolic syndrome and related cardiovascular risk factors in one of the largest, if not the largest, cohort of police officers to date. Two aspects of this research especially warrant comment.


Evaluating The Role Of Compression Stockings In Preventing Post Thrombotic Syndrome: A Review Of The Literature, Abir O. Kanaan, Jayne E. Lepage, Shabdis Djazayeri, Jennifer L. Donovan 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Evaluating The Role Of Compression Stockings In Preventing Post Thrombotic Syndrome: A Review Of The Literature, Abir O. Kanaan, Jayne E. Lepage, Shabdis Djazayeri, Jennifer L. Donovan

Meyers Primary Care Institute Publications

Background. Postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a burdensome and costly complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Up to 50% of patients with DVT will develop the disease within two years following the diagnosis of acute DVT. Various risk factors for developing PTS have been identified and different modalities have been used to prevent its development. Compression stockings have been studied for the prevention of PTS in patients diagnosed with proximal DVT.

Methods. MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched to identify relevant original articles.

Results. Several trials including two metaanalyses have examined the role of compression stockings for the prevention of PTS ...


Metabolic Syndrome And Incident Coronary Heart Disease In Australian Indigenous Populations, Ming Li, Brad McCulloch, Robyn McDermott 2012 Western University

Metabolic Syndrome And Incident Coronary Heart Disease In Australian Indigenous Populations, Ming Li, Brad Mcculloch, Robyn Mcdermott

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

This report aims to compare the prediction of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components for morbidity and mortality of coronary heart disease (CHD) in a cohort of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults (TSIs). A total of 2,100 adults (1,283 Aborigines and 817 TSIs) was followed up for 6 years from 2000. Outcome measures were all CHD events (deaths and hospitalizations). Baseline anthropometric measurements, blood pressure (BP), fasting blood lipids and glucose were collected. Smoking and alcohol intake was self-reported. We found MetS was more prevalent in TSI (50.3%) compared to Aborigines (33.0%). Baseline ...


Coxsackievirus B3 Infection Leads To The Generation Of Cardiac Myosin Heavy Chain-Α-Reactive Cd4 T Cells In A/J Mice, Arunakumar Gangaplara, Chandirasegaran Massilamany, Deborah M. Brown, Gustavo A. Delhon, Asit K. Pattnaik, Nora Chapman, Noel Rose, David J. Steffen, Jay Reddy 2012 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Coxsackievirus B3 Infection Leads To The Generation Of Cardiac Myosin Heavy Chain-Α-Reactive Cd4 T Cells In A/J Mice, Arunakumar Gangaplara, Chandirasegaran Massilamany, Deborah M. Brown, Gustavo A. Delhon, Asit K. Pattnaik, Nora Chapman, Noel Rose, David J. Steffen, Jay Reddy

Jay Reddy Publications

Enteroviruses like coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) are common suspects in myocarditis/dilated cardiomyopathy patients. Autoimmunity has been proposed as an underlying mechanism, but direct evidence of its role is lacking. To delineate autoimmune response in CVB3 myocarditis, we used IAk dextramers for cardiac myosin heavy chain (Myhc)-α 334–352. We have demonstrated that myocarditis-susceptible A/J mice infected with CVB3 generate Myhc-α-reactive CD4 T cells and such a repertoire was absent in naïve mice as measured by proliferative response to Myhc-α 334–352 and IAk dextramer staining. We also detected Myhc-α 334–352 dextramer+ cells in the hearts ...


Does Pre-Hospital Therapeutic Hypothermia Improve The Functional And Survival Status Of Patients Post Cardiac Arrest?, Stephanie Corsi 2012 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Does Pre-Hospital Therapeutic Hypothermia Improve The Functional And Survival Status Of Patients Post Cardiac Arrest?, Stephanie Corsi

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not prehospital therapeutic hypothermia improves the functional and survival status of post cardiac arrest patients.

STUDY DESIGN: Review of three English language primary studies, two of which were published in 2007 and one in 2010.

DATA SOURCES: Two randomized, controlled, clinical trials and one cohort study comparing pre-hospital therapeutic hypothermia to induction of therapeutic hypothermia upon hospital admission, and to standard normothermic post cardiac arrest care. All were found using Medline, OVID, and Cochrane Systematic databases.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: An outcome measured was functional status at hospital discharge ...


Relationship Between Self-Care And Health-Related Quality Of Life In Older Adults With Moderate To Advanced Heart Failure, Harleah G. Buck, Christopher S. Lee, Debra K. Moser, Nancy M. Albert, Terry A. Lennie, Brooke Bentley, Linda Worrall-Carter, Barbara Riegel 2012 University of Pennsylvania

Relationship Between Self-Care And Health-Related Quality Of Life In Older Adults With Moderate To Advanced Heart Failure, Harleah G. Buck, Christopher S. Lee, Debra K. Moser, Nancy M. Albert, Terry A. Lennie, Brooke Bentley, Linda Worrall-Carter, Barbara Riegel

School of Nursing Departmental Papers

Background: Heart failure (HF) patients who follow the treatment regimen and attend to symptoms before they escalate are assumed to have better health-related quality of life (HRQOL) than those with poor self-care, but there are few data available to support or refute this assumption.

Objective: The objective of the study was to describe the relationship between HF self-care and HRQOL in older (≥65 years old) adults with moderate to advanced HF.

Methods: Self-care was measured using the 3 scales (maintenance, management, and confidence) of the Self-care of Heart Failure Index. Scores range from 0 to 100, with higher numbers indicating ...


Benefits Versus Costs Of Statin Drugs, Sara Shilcrat 2012 Touro College

Benefits Versus Costs Of Statin Drugs, Sara Shilcrat

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

Statins have been prescribed to the masses as primary and secondary prevention for coronary disease caused by hypercholesterolemia after their initial discovery in the late 1980s. Their actions in reducing low-density lipoproteins and increasing high-density lipoproteins are well documented; however, many negative effects have been reported related to muscle pathology and kidney function. The goal of this study is to investigate whether the benefits of this class of drugs outweigh the costs. Intense review of the literature was conducted using scholarly articles with original research findings that were located via electronic databases such as Medline, Science Direct, Proquest Medical Library ...


Anti-Platelet Therapy In Acute Coronary Syndromes: Updates In Therapy After Stent Implantation, Ryan McKenzie, Andrew Park, Laura Tsu 2012 Midwestern University

Anti-Platelet Therapy In Acute Coronary Syndromes: Updates In Therapy After Stent Implantation, Ryan Mckenzie, Andrew Park, Laura Tsu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

This home-study CPE activity has been developed to educate pharmacists on updates in anti-platelet therapy after stent implantation.


Noninvasive Assessment And Modeling Of Diabetic Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy, Siqi Wang 2012 University of Kentucky

Noninvasive Assessment And Modeling Of Diabetic Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy, Siqi Wang

Theses and Dissertations--Biomedical Engineering

Noninvasive assessment of diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (AN): Cardiac and vascular dysfunctions resulting from AN are complications of diabetes, often undiagnosed. Our objectives were to: 1) determine sympathetic and parasympathetic components of compromised blood pressure regulation in patients with polyneuropathy, and 2) rank noninvasive indexes for their sensitivity in diagnosing AN. Continuous 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG), blood pressure (BP), respiration, regional blood flow and bio-impedance were recorded from 12 able-bodied subjects (AB), 7 diabetics without (D0), 7 with possible (D1) and 8 with definite polyneuropathy (D2), during 10 minutes supine control, 30 minutes 70-degree head-up tilt and 5 minutes supine recovery ...


The Cumulative Impact Of Unemployment On Risks Of Acute Myocardial Infarction, Guangya Liu, Matthew E. Dupree, Linda K. George, Eric D. Peterson 2012 Duke Law School

The Cumulative Impact Of Unemployment On Risks Of Acute Myocardial Infarction, Guangya Liu, Matthew E. Dupree, Linda K. George, Eric D. Peterson

Faculty Scholarship

Background: Employment instability is a major source of strain affecting an increasing number of adults in the United States. Little is known about the cumulative effect of multiple job losses and unemployment on the risks for acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Methods: We investigated the associations between different dimensions of unemployment and the risks for AMI in US adults in a prospective cohort study of adults (N=13 451) aged 51 to 75 years in the Health and Retirement Study with biennial follow-up interviews from 1992 to 2010. Unadjusted rates of age-specific AMI were used to demonstrate observed differences by employment ...


What Evidence Is Available On Apixaban For The Primary Prevention Of Stroke In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation?, Justin Dang, Laura Tsu 2012 Midwestern University

What Evidence Is Available On Apixaban For The Primary Prevention Of Stroke In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation?, Justin Dang, Laura Tsu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

This drug information question and answer sheet discusses the use of apixaban (Eliquis) for the primary prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.


Eae/Ase Recommendations For Image Acquisition And Display Using Three-Dimensional Echocardiography., Roberto M. Lang, Luigi P. Badano, Wendy Tsang, David H. Adams, Eustachio Agricola, Thomas Buck, Francesco F. Faletra, Andreas Franke, Judy Hung, Leopoldo Pérez de Isla, Otto Kamp, Jaroslaw D. Kasprzak, Patrizio Lancellotti, Thomas H. Marwick, Marti L. McCulloch, Mark J. Monaghan, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Natesa G. Pandian, Patricia A. Pellikka, Mauro Pepi, David A. Roberson, Stanton K. Shernan, Girish S. Shirali, Lissa Sugeng, Folkert J. Ten Cate, Mani A. Vannan, Jose Luis Zamorano, William A. Zoghbi, American Society of Echocardiography, European Association of Echocardiography 2012 Children's Mercy Hospital

Eae/Ase Recommendations For Image Acquisition And Display Using Three-Dimensional Echocardiography., Roberto M. Lang, Luigi P. Badano, Wendy Tsang, David H. Adams, Eustachio Agricola, Thomas Buck, Francesco F. Faletra, Andreas Franke, Judy Hung, Leopoldo Pérez De Isla, Otto Kamp, Jaroslaw D. Kasprzak, Patrizio Lancellotti, Thomas H. Marwick, Marti L. Mcculloch, Mark J. Monaghan, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Natesa G. Pandian, Patricia A. Pellikka, Mauro Pepi, David A. Roberson, Stanton K. Shernan, Girish S. Shirali, Lissa Sugeng, Folkert J. Ten Cate, Mani A. Vannan, Jose Luis Zamorano, William A. Zoghbi, American Society Of Echocardiography, European Association Of Echocardiography

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

No abstract provided.


Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: A Rare But Deadly Cause Of Acs In Younger Patients, Daniel J. Makowski DO, David A. Cox MD 2012 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: A Rare But Deadly Cause Of Acs In Younger Patients, Daniel J. Makowski Do, David A. Cox Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Rapid Door To Balloon Time In The Treatment Of Acute St- Elevation Myocardial Infarction Meaningfully Reduces Overall Hospital Stay, Amit N. Nanavati MD, Nainesh Patel MD, Bruce Feldman DO, J Patrick Kleaveland MD, Orlando E. Rivera RN, David A. Cox MD 2012 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Rapid Door To Balloon Time In The Treatment Of Acute St- Elevation Myocardial Infarction Meaningfully Reduces Overall Hospital Stay, Amit N. Nanavati Md, Nainesh Patel Md, Bruce Feldman Do, J Patrick Kleaveland Md, Orlando E. Rivera Rn, David A. Cox Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Eae/Ase Recommendations For Image Acquisition And Display Using Three-Dimensional Echocardiography., Roberto M. Lang, Luigi P. Badano, Wendy Tsang, David H. Adams, Eustachio Agricola, Thomas Buck, Francesco F. Faletra, Andreas Franke, Judy Hung, Leopoldo Pérez de Isla, Otto Kamp, Jaroslaw D. Kasprzak, Patrizio Lancellotti, Thomas H. Marwick, Marti L. McCulloch, Mark J. Monaghan, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Natesa G. Pandian, Patricia A. Pellikka, Mauro Pepi, David A. Roberson, Stanton K. Shernan, Girish S. Shirali, Lissa Sugeng, Folkert J. Ten Cate, Mani A. Vannan, Jose Luis Zamorano, William A. Zoghbi, American Society of Echocardiography, European Association of Echocardiography 2012 Children's Mercy Hospital

Eae/Ase Recommendations For Image Acquisition And Display Using Three-Dimensional Echocardiography., Roberto M. Lang, Luigi P. Badano, Wendy Tsang, David H. Adams, Eustachio Agricola, Thomas Buck, Francesco F. Faletra, Andreas Franke, Judy Hung, Leopoldo Pérez De Isla, Otto Kamp, Jaroslaw D. Kasprzak, Patrizio Lancellotti, Thomas H. Marwick, Marti L. Mcculloch, Mark J. Monaghan, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Natesa G. Pandian, Patricia A. Pellikka, Mauro Pepi, David A. Roberson, Stanton K. Shernan, Girish S. Shirali, Lissa Sugeng, Folkert J. Ten Cate, Mani A. Vannan, Jose Luis Zamorano, William A. Zoghbi, American Society Of Echocardiography, European Association Of Echocardiography

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

No abstract provided.


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