Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Health Policy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,962 Full-Text Articles 4,207 Authors 1,005,403 Downloads 172 Institutions

All Articles in Health Policy

Faceted Search

2,962 full-text articles. Page 98 of 104.

A Heavy Burden: The Individual Costs Of Being Overweight And Obese In The United States, Avi Dor, Christine Ferguson, Casey Langwith, Ellen Tan 2010 George Washington University

A Heavy Burden: The Individual Costs Of Being Overweight And Obese In The United States, Avi Dor, Christine Ferguson, Casey Langwith, Ellen Tan

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

More than 60% of the United States population is overweight or obese, and if the current trajectory continues, 50% of the population will be obese by 2030. There is no question that being obese or overweight, is more costly than being of normal weight. Using existing literature, we have detailed the costs incurred due to overweight and obesity that affect working-age adults at the individual level.

Among the items discussed in this review, overweight or obese individuals bear the full burden for some costs, such as the value of lost life, lost wages, gasoline costs, and, when applicable, life insurance ...


Renewing Health Services Management Research: Redrawing The Citizen-Client In Irish Health Care Policy, Vivienne Byers 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Renewing Health Services Management Research: Redrawing The Citizen-Client In Irish Health Care Policy, Vivienne Byers

Conference Papers

Ireland has a history of health policy which is not explicit as to its aims and objectives. In light of this fact, this paper examines the position and direction of the Irish Health Services, five years on from the advent of the setting up of the Health Services Executive (HSE) and the restructuring of the health services. The Irish health system policy is guided by the Health Strategy of 2001; in that there should be equitable distribution of health services focused on the need of the citizen-client, and also by the Primary Care Strategy (2001:7); in that there should ...


The Right To Place: Food, Streets And Immigrants, Robert Gottlieb 2010 gottlieb@oxy.edu

The Right To Place: Food, Streets And Immigrants, Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Aligning Forces For Quality: Improving Language Services Performance Measures, Marsha Regenstein 2010 George Washington University

Aligning Forces For Quality: Improving Language Services Performance Measures, Marsha Regenstein

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

This portion of the Language Services Performance Measures guide provides a brief overview of the information contained within each section of the manual. It is intended for use as a quick reference to assist in the implementation of the Language Services performance measures. The sections of the manual are interrelated and have been designed to be used together.


U.S. Participation In International Health Treaties, Commitments, Partnerships And Other Agreements, Jennifer Kates, Rebecca L. Katz 2010 Kaiser Family Foundation

U.S. Participation In International Health Treaties, Commitments, Partnerships And Other Agreements, Jennifer Kates, Rebecca L. Katz

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

The U.S. government's role in global health is long-standing and multifaceted. While primarily involving directly funding and operating programs in low- and middle-income countries, it also includes participation in international treaties, commitments, partnerships, and other multilateral agreements that address or encompass health. Such agreements serve numerous purposes including establishing political and legal commitments, formalizing international relationships, and coordinating roles and responsibilities in an increasingly complex and globalized and interconnected world. The role of the U.S. in international agreements has gained new attention in the Obama Administration, which has stated an intention to reinvigorate multilateral engagement and international ...


Where Are The Veterinarian Shortage Areas Anyway?, Tong Wang, David A. Hennessy, Annette M. O'Connor 2010 Iowa State University

Where Are The Veterinarian Shortage Areas Anyway?, Tong Wang, David A. Hennessy, Annette M. O'Connor

CARD Working Papers

This paper describes an econometric model to evaluate factors associated with a county’s likelihood of being designated as a private practice shortage area under the United States’ Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP). Study determinants of equilibrium food animal veterinarian location choices were also evaluated and used as a benchmark to assess the shortage designation process. On the whole the program appears to perform quite well. For several states, however, VMLRP shortage designations are inconsistent with the model of food animal veterinarian shortages. Comparative shortage is generally more severe in states that have no VMLRP designated private practice shortage ...


Multivariate Fractional Regression Estimation Of Econometric Share Models, John Mullahy 2010 University of Wisconsin - Madison

Multivariate Fractional Regression Estimation Of Econometric Share Models, John Mullahy

John Mullahy

This paper describes and applies econometric strategies for estimating regression models of economic share data outcomes where the shares may take boundary values (zero and one) with nontrivial probability. The main focus of the paper is on the conditional mean structures of such data. The paper proposes an extension of the fractional regression methodology proposed by Papke and Wooldridge, 1996, 2008, in univariate cross-sectional and panel contexts. The paper discusses the stochastic aspects of share definition and measurement, and summarizes important features of the existing literature on econometric strategies for share model estimation. The paper then goes on to discuss ...


Mission Creep And The Compromising Of Strategic Direction In United Kingdom Police Services. An Exploratory Study Of The Evidence., Gordon Marnoch, Gavin Boyd, John Topping 2010 University of Ulster

Mission Creep And The Compromising Of Strategic Direction In United Kingdom Police Services. An Exploratory Study Of The Evidence., Gordon Marnoch, Gavin Boyd, John Topping

Gordon Marnoch

This paper examines key problems facing United Kingdom police leaders face in meeting the service expectations of government and the public in a period of austerity. A central problem relates to the extent to which the police leader’s opportunity to pursue strategic actions appropriate to changing circumstances, has been compromised by ‘mission creep’. The empirical evidence presented here is based on a study of one large English police service supplemented by interviews conducted with senior officers in this and other police services. The paper concludes that mission creep and path dependency are inter-linked.


The Consequences Of Incremental Reform And Institutional Dynamics On The Effectiveness Of Performance Management In United Kingdom Police Services., Gordon Marnoch, Karl McVicker, Ruth Fee 2010 University of Ulster

The Consequences Of Incremental Reform And Institutional Dynamics On The Effectiveness Of Performance Management In United Kingdom Police Services., Gordon Marnoch, Karl Mcvicker, Ruth Fee

Gordon Marnoch

The paper argues that while performance management practices are much in evidence in contemporary police services, the perceptions and views of police officers and civilian staff discussed in this paper should give us pause in concluding that there has been a straightforward triumph of managerialist rationality over operational tradition in the use of policing resources. Evidence is drawn from an extensive study of police officers and civilian staff and their self-reported engagement with performance management systems in three large United Kingdom police services.


Envisioning Nevada’S Future: Goals & Strategies For Advancing Our Quality Of Life, Nevada Vision Stakeholder Group, Moody’s Analytics 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Envisioning Nevada’S Future: Goals & Strategies For Advancing Our Quality Of Life, Nevada Vision Stakeholder Group, Moody’S Analytics

Brookings Mountain West Publications

Nevada’s severe downturn has brought to light many of the long-term challenges facing the state. Not only is its economy subject to painful swings, but Nevada’s primary drivers— consumer services (primarily gaming, hospitality and housing) and resource extraction—will provide less support than they have in past business cycles. Less economic vitality will make it harder to offer Nevadans the quality of life they expect.

The importance of the economy to quality of life is equally clear—quality of life is a hollow promise without a healthy and supportive economy. Similarly, a proper fiscal structure—both in terms ...


Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care, Adeola Oni-Orisan, Dorothy Hiersteiner, Althea Swett 2010 Harvard Medical School

Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care, Adeola Oni-Orisan, Dorothy Hiersteiner, Althea Swett

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

This fact sheet was developed for the roundtables project “Midwifery Care in New England: Addressing the Needs of Underserved and Diverse Communities of Women.” Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office on Women’s Health (Region I), this initiative addresses the challenges and opportunities related to the provision of midwifery care to underserved and vulnerable populations of women. The project aims to increase our understanding of regional midwifery workforce needs in the context of ensuring that all women living in New England have access to timely, affordable, and high-quality health care.

The September 2010 ...


Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Connecticut, Dorothy Hiersteiner, Kaye Inandan 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Connecticut, Dorothy Hiersteiner, Kaye Inandan

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

Although Connecticut’s Medicaid programs, Husky A and B, are essential providers of coverage for maternity care, there are still major racial and ethnic disparities in access to, use of, and quality of prenatal care in Connecticut. The cesarean birth rate in the state is almost 9% higher than the US average. African American/black and Hispanic mothers experience comparatively high rates of low birth weight births. Furthermore, Connecticut is home to a substantial rural population which experiences unique challenges to accessing adequate health care. While 75% of the Connecticut population is non-Hispanic white, 9% is African American/black, 12 ...


Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Maine, Dorothy Hiersteiner 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Maine, Dorothy Hiersteiner

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

With a large percentage of its population living in rural areas, Maine faces obstacles to providing adequate prenatal and maternity care to many women. The vast majority (96.2%) of Maine residents are non-Hispanic white, 1.2% are African American/black, 1.4% are Hispanic and 1.2% have other racial/ethnic backgrounds.


Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Massachusetts, Dorothy Hiersteiner 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Massachusetts, Dorothy Hiersteiner

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

As a result of Massachusetts’ 2006 health insurance coverage law, there has been a significant decrease in the uninsurance rate for women of color. Access to and use of health care for all women in the Commonwealth has also increased. Despite these coverage and access gains, major racial/ethnic disparities in health conditions and outcomes still exist among women, especially in the use and quality of prenatal care, the occurrence of preterm and low birth weight births, and infant mortality rates. The proportion of Massachusetts births that were cesarean deliveries in 2007 was 8% higher than the national rate. Compared ...


Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On New Hampshire, Dorothy Hiersteiner 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On New Hampshire, Dorothy Hiersteiner

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

New Hampshire faces significant obstacles to serving the nearly 6% of the population living in medically underserved areas. In addition, many residents of New Hampshire are uninsured, limiting their access to vital medical care. According to 2007-8 data, the racial/ethnic breakdown of New Hampshire residents is: 1% African American/black, 2% Hispanic, 94% non-Hispanic white and 3% Other. In 2005, 5.9% of the total New Hampshire population was foreign born.1 Since 1996, New Hampshire has seen increases in low birth weight births, cesarean births2, and infant mortality with racial/ethnic disparities reflected in most maternal and infant ...


Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Rhode Island, Dorothy Hiersteiner 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Rhode Island, Dorothy Hiersteiner

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

Rhode Islanders face unique health disparities based on race, ethnicity and location. Just over six percent (6.3%) of the Rhode Island population is living in Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs), according to 2008 data. Native American and African American/black communities face particular health disparities, specifically in the areas of reproductive and infant health. In 2008, 79% of the Rhode Island population was non-Hispanic white, while 5% was African-American/black, 11% was Hispanic and 5% had other racial/ethnic backgrounds. In 2005, 12.4% of the total Rhode Island population was foreign born.


Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Vermont, Dorothy Hiersteiner 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Women’S Health Disparities And Midwifery Care: Spotlight On Vermont, Dorothy Hiersteiner

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

In Vermont, racial and ethnic dispariti es in low birth weight and preterm birth rates exist alongside racial and ethnic disparities in health insurance coverage and use of preventative care. As of 2005, the percentage of racial and ethnic minorities in Vermont was approximately 3.3%, compared to 25% for the nation as a whole. In 2005, 3.4% of the Vermont population was foreign born.


Concurrent Sexual Partnerships Do Not Explain The Hiv Epidemics In Africa: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, Larry Sawers, Eileen Stillwaggon 2010 American University

Concurrent Sexual Partnerships Do Not Explain The Hiv Epidemics In Africa: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, Larry Sawers, Eileen Stillwaggon

Economics Faculty Publications

The notion that concurrent sexual partnerships are especially common in sub-Saharan Africa and explain the region’s high HIV prevalence is accepted by many as conventional wisdom. In this paper, we evaluate the quantitative and qualitative evidence offered by the principal proponents of the concurrency hypothesis and analyze the mathematical model they use to establish the plausibility of the hypothesis.

We find that research seeking to establish a statistical correlation between concurrency and HIV prevalence either finds no correlation or has important limitations. Furthermore, in order to simulate rapid spread of HIV, mathematical models require unrealistic assumptions about frequency of ...


A Rose By Any Other Name? The Influence Of Brand Name Versus Chemical Differences In The Prescription Of Antidepressants, Steven P. Ward, Anthony Pecotich, Aron O'Cass, Craig C. Julian 2010 Murdoch University

A Rose By Any Other Name? The Influence Of Brand Name Versus Chemical Differences In The Prescription Of Antidepressants, Steven P. Ward, Anthony Pecotich, Aron O'Cass, Craig C. Julian

Dr Craig C Julian

The effect that marketing has had on the prescription decisions of the medical profession is an area of great social and governmental concern and has been the subject of substantial international debate. In this study, the importance of brand name as a factor influencing the prescription habits of general practitioners and psychiatrists is examined. Data on antidepressant prescriptions supplied by the Australian Governments Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme and results derived from MANOVA and ANOVA analyses suggest that the brand name as much as chemical differences influenced the prescription of choice of antidepressants by both general practitioners and psychiatrists. The use of ...


Community Health Centers: Opportunities And Challenges Of Health Reform, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Peter Shin, Emily Jones, Jennifer Tolbert 2010 George Washington University

Community Health Centers: Opportunities And Challenges Of Health Reform, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Peter Shin, Emily Jones, Jennifer Tolbert

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

Community Health Centers: Opportunities and Challenges of Health Reform describes the provisions of the new health reform law that affect community health centers, including increased funding designed to expand the number of health centers, health insurance expansions that will significantly reduce the number of health center patients without insurance, and strategies aimed at increasing the primary care workforce. The brief also discusses some of the opportunities and challenges for the health centers, such as the task of recruiting and retaining qualified health professionals, the need to establish networks and referral arrangements and the renewed focus on prevention and public health ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress